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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 40. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 4, 1902. 

No. l. 



Among the Brethren, 

The Messenger (or 1902 

The Smyrna Mission 

-Diligent in the Master's Work ..„. 

Redeeming of Palestine 

Querists' Department 


Which.— Peter, Revelation, or Christ? By D. S. Filbrun 

Personal Work. By Zeriah C. Hill 

With My Bible, from Damascus to Sated. By Albert C. Wieand,. 

How an Infidel was Converted. By Frank Brown 

A Forward Movement. By J. B. Brumbaugh 

Love in its Component Parts. By C. H. Brubaker 

Notes and Jottings. By I. J. Rosenberger 

"One Thing I Do "-Phil. 3: '3. M- By N.R.Baker 


Excuses. By Martha Click Senger 

Two Pictures. By J. E. Young 

Sisters' Aid Society at Canton, Ohio. Mrs. J. S. Hang 

Sisters' Aid Society, Belleview Church, Kansas. By Louisa J. Will- 


What is Our Consecration? 

One Barrier Removed. By John E. Mohler 

India Notes. By Eliza B. Miller 

1 From Nebraska. By S. M.Forney 


When the children of Israel were urged to enter 
Palestine, or the Promised Land, they were told that 
it flowed with milk and honey. They were also told 
that it was a goodly land, a region of springs and 
fountains. They had wonderful conceptions of its 
beauty and possibilities. To them there was nothing 
in prospect like the Promised Land. Especially were 
they pleased with the thought that it abounded in milk 
and honey. It was then the land of flowers, the home 
of the honeybee. Honey was in great abundance ev- 
erywhere. It was also a country for herds and flocks. 
There were thousands of acres of pasture lands, and 
this made milk possible. The expression " milk and 
honey " conveyed to their minds the idea of plenty, 
and yet it was literally a land of milk and honey. 
When we passed over the land in 1898 we did not see 
much of either, but that was no fault of the country. 
However, Palestine is not the only place where honey 
is found. A few days ago two cases of honey came 
to the Publishing House from Sterling, Colorado, 
minus the name of the sender. He wrote a letter say- 
ing that the people in his section could have alfalfa 
honey on their tables every day, and he thought it no 
more than right that we here at the Publishing House 
be permitted to enjoy some of the sweets of the South 
Platte valley. We sampled it meal after meal, and 
pronounce it the finest honey we ever tasted. We 
doubt if the honey eaten by John the Baptist was any 

It is thought by some careful students that all Eu- 
ropean civilization is threatened by the growing power 
of Russia. The great empire of the north embraces 
a vast area of territory, taking in nearly all of north 
Asia, and a considerable part of northern Europe. 
The population probably exceeds 130,000,000. The 
empire has a large, well-equipped standing army. 
Her land forces would doubtless be a match for any 
single land force on the globe. Her navy is not as 
large as the navies of some other powers, but it is 
growing. Whatever comes within the grasp of Rus- 
sia must in time become Russian. This is a fixed 
policy of the country. Education in Russia is by no 
means general, nor is religious liberty tolerated. As 
a result there are millions upon millions of ignorant 
people, and they live as human beasts. It is a country 
where the educated few rule. Many of the others are 
practically slaves. Ahead of them is nothing for 
which to live. This is the power that threatens Eu- 

rope, and the time may come when Russia and the 
leading nations of Europe will meet on the battlefield. 
Should this come to pass, the conflict will be a terrible 
affair. In the civilization of Russia — if civilization 
we dare call it — there is nothing to admire, but every- 
thing to dread. England is watching the growing 
power with great anxiety, for her interest is threat- 
ened. At present there is nothing hostile on the sur- 
face to indicate the approaching struggle for suprem- 
acy. All the movements are carried forward quietly, 
and seemingly on business principles. There is diplo- 
matic politeness and outward friendship, but these 
conditions do not remove the feeling. Russia is 
strengthening herself in every way possible. She 
thinks little of improving the condition of her people, 
her one steady aim is to rule as much of the world 
as she can conquer. Nothing short of a decided check 
will prevent her, in time, from ruling the greater part 
of the Eastern Continent. 

When the allied forces approached Peking the Chi- 
nese Empress fled to the interior, taking with her the 
royal families and all the officers of her court. The 
trip was of no expense to her, as she compelled the 
cities along her line of travel to support her entire 
retinue. The cost for a single night was about $5,000. 
The trip was a long and expensive one, for she went 
far into the country. Last October she started on her 
return, with the emperor occupying first place. The 
march was a vivid picture of Oriental life, being both 
grand and expensive. The people along the line of 
travel never before saw anything like it. In some of 
the cities there were magnificent and costly displays. 
The Emperor, occupying his dazzling chair, was borne 
by sixteen men, all dressed in colored silk. He was 
preceded by several companies of mounted soldiers 
arrayed in the most attractive military style. He was 
followed by the Empress, borne by a number of men. 
Far to the rear, on each side of them, and a long 
distance to the front, were their finely decorated 
guards. It was in every way an imposing af- 
fair. As the Emperor approached all the people 
were compelled to bow with their faces to the earth, 
and so remain until the two distinguished persons had 
passed. Thus the trip continued day after day, the 
regal train moving quite slowly. Of the Emperor it 
is said that he sat bolt upright, looking neither to the 
right nor to the left. He resembled a statue more than 
a human being. The Empress was just the reverse. 
She was alert and nothing seemed to escape her notice. 
This week the royal party enter Peking. The Em- 
peror and Empress are to ride into the city 
through twelve miles of kneeling troops. A pro- 
cession of this kind would seem a strange thing 
to Americans. We are not taught to bow down to 
wood and stone, and of course could not be made to 
bow to human beings, however great. But it all de- 
pends upon the way people are raised and educated. 
The Chinese know no better than to pay homage to 
those who have been appointed to rule over them. 

On page ten of this issue we have said something 
concerning the Zionist movement. We have still later 
news. The Zionist Congress has just met in Basle, 
Switzerland. Dr. Theodore Herzl, of Vienna, the 
founder of the movement, is chairman of the con- 
gress. It is attended by over one thousand delegates, 
representing every important country in the world 
save Australia. Wealth, learning and influence are 
here represented. It is purely a Jewish congress, 
where the Jews have met to consult about securing pos- 
session of the Promised Land. Dr. Herzl, in his pres- 
idential address, contended that the Jewish question is 

only to be solved by the Jews themselves. He could 
not say how soon the Zionist plans would mature, but 
he had pleasure in announcing that he was authorized 
by the Sultan to state that in him the Jews had a 
friend and well-wisher. The first session extended 
far into the night. Among other things in contem- 
plation is a strong Jewish bank in Palestine. It will 
probably be located in Jerusalem. The movement 
must necessarily be slow, as everything depends upon 
the Sultan, and he seems never to be in a hurry. 
Whenever he agrees to all the plans the leading Jews 
have in mind, then the work will go forward. A ma- 
jority of the well-to-do Jews both in the United States 
and England appear not to be in sympathy with the 
movement. They are contented with their present 
condition. Out of regard for the welfare of the race 
more of them may fall in with the movement later on. 

The California Stanford University, founded by 
Senator Stanford some years ago, is probably the rich- 
est educational institution on the continent. A few 
weeks ago Mrs. Jane L. Stanford, widow of Senator 
Stanford, transferred to the trustees of the university 
bonds and stocks to the value of $18,000,000. The 
value of the lands redeeded is placed at $12,000,000. 
The bonds and stock represent the bulk of Mrs. Stan- 
ford's private fortune, as well as the accumulation of 
the interest on the bonds. The income on all this prop- 
erty will be nearly $900,000 a year. This certainly 
ought to be sufficient to support an educational institu- 
tion handsomely. Mrs. Stanford also turned her pri- 
vate residence, valued at $400,000, over to the institu- 
tion. This will eventually be converted into an art 
gallery and museum. She has retained several million 
dollars' worth of property for her own private use, 
and will therefore be able to do considerable charitable 
work on her own account, and have something left for 
relatives besides. 

The people of Reading, Pa., who were astir early 
on the morning before Christmas, were favored with 
a beautiful sight. They saw a huge illuminated cross, 
which seemed to be flashed across the face of the moon. 
The moon was unusually bright, and from the top, 
bottom and both sides light projected out far enough 
to form all the ends of a well-proportioned cross. It 
looked as though the cross had been thrown upon the 
planet by some gigantic magic light. By some the 
object was viewed with a superstitious feeling. We 
may well regard it as one of the signs to be seen in the 
heavens, whether produced by some great artificial 
light or otherwise. Yet it is pleasant to think of the 
cross being flashed across the moon. The moon stands 
for the law, while the cross represents Christ. We 
would that all the people of God could so live as to 
flash the form of the cross upon every object coming 
within their range. 

The Scientific American says that an artesian well 
in Crenelle, France, took ten years of continuous work 
before water was struck, at a depth of i./So feet» At 
1,259 f eet over 20 ° f eet 0I tne boring rod broke and 
fell into the well, and it was fifteen months before it 
was recovered. A flow of 900,000 gallons per day is 
obtained from it, the bore being eight inches. At Pas- 
sy, France, there is another artesian well 1,913 feet in 
depth, and twenty-seven and one-half inches diameter, 
which discharges an uninterrupted supply of 5,500.000 
gallons per day ; it cost $200,000. An artesian well 
at Butte-aux-Cailles, France, is 2,900 feet in depth, 
and forty-seven inches diameter. These are all sur- 
passed by an artesian well in Australia, which is near- 
ly one mile in depth. 

1 .) 


Jan. 4, 1902 

1 ESSAYS *+-+— 

"Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needelh not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth. ,r 



Savior, Savior, nearer thee 
This day, henceforth, would 1 be, 
Nearer to the throne of grace 
Nearer to the Savior's face. 

In the thickest of the fight 
Where man battles for the right, 
Savior, where thy cause may lead 
May my falt'ring footstep speed. 
Walking more as Jesus walked, 
Talking more as Jesus talked, 
Thinking more as Jesus thought, 
Teaching more as Jesus taught, 
Nearer to each goodly part, 
Nearer to my neighbor's heart, 
Nearer where the saints have trod, 
Nearer to the throne of God. 

Nearer to the heavenly door. 
Friends and loved ones gone before, 
Living, dying, I would be 
Consecrated, Lord, to thee. 

Whistler, Ala. 



Upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of 
hell shall not prevail against it.— Matt. 16: 18. 

From the above very emphatic declaration of our 
Savior it will appear quite obvious that the church of 
Christ, as a spiritual superstructure, must necessarily 
rest upon a substantial, unyielding foundation. The 
author very clearly asserts that the church was to be 
established upon a definite, precise rock — " Upon 
this rock I will build my church." The question most 
naturally arises, What is this specific rock upon which 
the Savior so positively declared that he would build 
his church? At least three distinct opinions are en- 
tertained and strongly advocated. 

1. It is maintained by the Church of Rome that St. 
Peter was the " rock " upon which Christ said he 
would build his church, from the fact that Peter sig- 
nifies '' stone " or " rock." " Thou art Peter — a rock 
— and upon this rock — Peter — I will build my church." 
The papal error regards Peter as the rock " in himself 
officially," and as transmitting an infallible authority 
to the popes, as if his successors. Consequently the 
dogma of papal succession from St. Peter. 

2. We now call attention to a body of divines, or 
theologians, " The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
Day Saints," commonly known as the Mormons. This 
sect is disposed to take a unique position concerning 
this question and asserts that " revelation " is the rock. 
The Latter-Day Saints are seemingly deriving this idea 
from what Christ said to Peter, namely, " Blessed art 
thou, Simon Ear-jona; for flesh and blood hath not 
revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heav- 
en." Matt. 16: 18. Not infrequently have I been told 
since in the State of Utah, by laymen, evangelists, bish- 
ops, and seventies of the Mormon church, that this 
revelation in verse 17 is the " rock " upon which Jesus 
says he will build his church. 

Here is what Joseph Smith, the prophet and founder 
of the Mormon hierarchy, says concerning revelation: 
" Christ was baptized by John to fulfill all righteous- 
ness ; and Jesus in his teachings says, ' Upon this rock 
I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not 
prevail against it.' What rock? Revelation. . . . 
I know what I say, I understand my mission ; . . . 
God Almighty is my shield." — " Tnllidge's History," 
pages 414, 41$. 

Again, Joseph Smith says : " Verily, thus saith the 
Lord, It is revelation." This declaration is found in 
The Times and Seasons, being the official organ of the 
church, published at Nauvoo, 111., and in volume 5. 
Also, apostle T. W. Smith wrote a pamphlet about 
twenty-four years ago, which was published by the 
Reorganized church at Piano, 111., called, " The One 
Body," and in this pamphlet Mr. Smith proceeds to 
prove that this " rock " is revelation, after the follow- 

ing manner: " So the church of Christ, including the 
foundation [apostles] and the corner stone [Christ], 
is built upon a rock; but what is the rock? .... 
Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my 
church. . . . What rock? Peter? No; for Pe- 
ter was one of the foundation stones, for he was one 
of the apostles, and could not be the rock on which 
the foundation is built. . . . Well, then, was it 
upon Christ? No; for he was the corner stone, or 
head of the corner. . . . Well, then, perhaps on 

the truth that Peter uttered Hardly ; for 

while this is a cardinal principle in the Gospel, yet it 
is not the main one. . . . What then? Blessed 
art thou, for, or because, it was not revealed by flesh 
and blood, but by the Father ; that is to say, Peter re- 
ceived this knowledge of the character of Christ by 
divine revelation." (Page 7.) 

By a most thorough Bible investigation of the 
" rock " foundation question, the utter fallacy and 
groundlessness of the positions of the prophet Joseph 
Smith and the apostle T. W. Smith, as well as the posi- 
tion of the Reorganized church in particular, and of 
Mormon churches in general, may be readily shown. 
The idea that " revelation " is the " rock " upon which 
Christ built his church is fundamentally and radically 
wrong. The Mormons are not timid in positively de- 
claring that Jesus Christ is not the rock upon which 
the church is built, and upon which it must still con- 
tinue to rest. Inasmuch as the founder of Mormon- 
ism, Joseph Smith, defiantly asserts that the " rock " 
upon which his church is established is ''revelation," 
and that every grade and rank of the Mormon church 
declare the Book of Mormon to be the profoundest 
revelation of the ages, and it being so specifically as- 
sociated with the origin of Mormonism, we are justi- 
fiable, beyond a reasonable doubt, in claiming that the 
Book of Mormon, being a new revelation, is the rock 
upon which the Mormon church is built. 

I desire to say while upon this part of my article that 
a number of times have I been confronted with the 
question, " Say, Bro. Filbrun, do you Dunker people 
believe in new revelation? " My reply is, " No, we do 
not think a new revelation necessary at all." I reason 
with ihem pleasantly from a Bible standpoint, quoting 
Paul, James and Peter. Paul assures us that " man 
is not justified by the works of the law, but by faith in 

Jesus Christ Christ having redeemed us 

from the curse of the law ; for by the works of the law 
shall no flesh he justified." (Gal. 2 : 16 to 3 : 13.) 

Christ, upon his coming into the world, made a reve- 
lation of the Father's will to man, and in accordance 
with the provisions of said will all flesh might be jus- 
tified before him. 

James says, in speaking of the divine law as thus 
revealed to fallen man, that it is the " perfect law of 
liberty." (Jas. 1: 25.) This being true it should not 
be difficult to comprehend that the gospel law is a 
perfect law ; and, in consequence of its perfection, em- 
bodies every essential requirement, or necessary pro- 
vision for man's eternal salvation. The apostle Peter 
also very confidently assures us that. the will of God 
in Christ's revelation contains " all things that pertain 
unto life and godliness." (2 Peter 1 13. ) Of no other 
previous revelation ever given to man can the above 
he affirmed. 

But in Christ's revelation we have a law which em- 
braces every essential necessary to life ; every essen- 
tial necessary to purity, godliness, justification and 
sanctification. Consequently every essential required 
to complete man's salvation. Does it not therefore fol- 
low, as a concise course of reasoning, that, since every- 
thing necessary to the redemption and salvation of sin- 
ful man was given through Jesus Christ, there can be 
no possible necessity for any subsequent revelation ? 

The beauty and harmony of the perfect law would 
certainly be defaced and destroyed by any additions to 
or subtractions from this law ; a thing which the revela- 
tions of Joseph Smith have done. After having some 
apprehensions of the gross wrongs, dazzling incon- 
sistencies, and glaring irrationalities which have been 
and are being authorized through the exercise of this 
new '' revelation," I can repose no confidence whatever 
in it. I do not, can not see that this claimed revelation 
is of any advantage to the world. Hence I say to these 

people that a system of religion having the develop- 
ment, morally, spiritually and intellectually of man- 
kind, as its principal distinctive features, with no reve- 
lation save the Bible, is many times preferable to a sys- 
tem that pretends so much in the way of new revela- 
tion, whose tendencies are degrading and whose fruit 
has ever been evil. " A tree is known by its fruits." 
Matt. 7: 16, 20. 

3. In my great weakness do I present Christ to the 
world, as well as to the Mormons, as the true founda- 
tion of the Christian church. I endeavor to substanti- 
ate the fact that Jesus Christ, and not revelation, is the 
" rock " of Matt. 16 : 18 ; and hence the foundation of 
the Christian spiritual superstructure. Christ says, 
" Upon this rock I will build my church." Upon what 
rock? Peter, revelation, Christ, are individually, in 
regular succession, proclaimed in answer to this exceed- 
ingly pertinent question. A moment's reflection will 
lead us to say that somebody must be wrong. 

If Peter is the " rock," then the Roman church is 
correct, and all Protestant churches, together with the 
Latter-Day Saint church, are grossly in error. If, 
however, as the Mormons declare, " revelation " is the 
" rock" of Matt. 16: 18, then both Catholic and Prot- 
estant churches are in the wrong, and the Latter-Day 
Saints only are right. Should it be proven, at last, 
that Christ is the " rock " — the eternal " Rock of 
Ages " — then Catholic and Mormons are grossly de- 
ceived, and neither can be the true church, or church 
of Christ. 

By carefully noting the foregoing part of Matthew 
16, we readily discover that Christ himself proved to 
be the all-absorbing subject of the conversation calling 
forth the declaration of Christ. 

In verse 13, of same chapter, the inquiry of Jesus is, 
'■Whom do men say that I, the Son of Man, "am?" 
Avarietyof answers was given to this significant query. 
Jesus, now addressing himself to the apostles, says : 
" But whom say ye that lam?" Matt. 16 : 15. Peter, 
ever prepared to answer, breaks forth in language of 
adoration, " Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living 
God! " Matt. 16: 16. It is now quite apparent that 
Christ had ejected from Peter the precise answer he de- 
sired. The theme of Christ's sonship — his Messianic 
mission — was predominant, every other being of sec- 
ondary consequence. 

Casually a few other themes were injected into the 
leading question, such as, "Thou art Peter;" "flesh 
and blood hath not revealed it unto thee ; " "I will 
build my church," etc. But Jesus the Christ was, 
without doubt, the paramount subject, the fundamen- 
tal topic — the first and last of the whole discourse. 

Having this original fact before us, let us now read, 
throwing out the dialogue form, and we have virtually 
the following: " Some say I am John the Baptist; some 
Elias ; and others Jeremias, but you say / am the 
Christ, and upon this rock I will build my church." 
Being relieved of the dialogue form and the superabun- 
dance of words, we have the fact which Christ evi- 
dently desired to fix upon the minds of his apostles, 
and which is precisely what they subsequently de- 
clared ; therefore it was what they inferred at the 

Hence it may be clearly seen that neither revelation, 
nor apostles and prophets can possibly form any part 
of the foundation upon which the church of Christ is 
built. Some of the divine writers would, no doubt, 
have alluded to the fact, if either Peter, or revelation, 
or the apostles and prophets had ever been considered 
as the foundation of the Christian church. Since nei- 
ther is ever regarded or referred to as the " rock " or 
the " foundation," it is but reasonable to say that no 
such thing was ever so understood by them. 

Psa. 118:22 applies to Jesus, and he so regarded 
it. According to Matt. 21:42; Mark 12:10, and 
Luke 20: 17 Christ was " the stone which the builders 
refused," and which " became the head stone of the 
corner." The prophet Isaiah says, in alluding to the 
establishment of the church of Jesus Christ, " There- 
fore thus saith the Lord God, Behold I lay in Zion for 
a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner 
stone, a sure foundation." Isa. 28: 16. 

This "precious stone," which Isaiah so specifically 
declares was to be laid in Zion, while it should be- 


Jan. 4, 1902 


come a " rock of offense," and a " stone of stumbling-," 
it should also become a " sure foundation " to every- 
one who receives the truth. Determining who or what 
this " foundation " was, is determining the significa- 
tion of the expression " this rock," in Matt. 16: 18; be- 
cause the " rock " was to be the foundation of the 
church. Following we have Paul's testimony regard- 
ing the matter: "For they [Israel] stumbled at that 
stumbling stone; as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion 
a stumbling stone and rock of offense ; and whosoever 
believeth in him shall not be ashamed." (Rom. q: 32, 
33.) It seems needless to comment more. 

Peter in his first epistle, second chapter, verses 2 to 
8, speaks concerning the same matter, and refers di- 
rectly to Psa. 118: 22 and Isa. 28: 16 as having their 
fulfillment in Christ; Paul according perfectly with 
Peter in this idea. There is no intimation by either 
of the apostles that " revelation " was the rock. 

No one will doubt that God revealed to the apostles 
the fact that Jesus was the Christ, but that such reve- 
lation was the specific rock upon which his spiritual 
edifice — the church — should be built, there is evidently 
no testimony to prove. There is no instance in the Bi- 
ble, to my knowledge, where the word " rock " can be 
substituted by the word " revelation " without doing 
damage to the real signification of the passage of scrip- 
ture. But I ask, May not the noun " Christ " be used 
as synonymal with the word " rock " without violence 
to correct biblical interpretation? 

The following sentences may. serve to illustrate: 
" They all drank of that spiritual Christ." " To whom 
coming as unto the living Christ." " Upon this Christ 
I will build my church." More might be given. 
Thus we see that since the word " rock " does in some 
instances signify Christ, it never signifies "revela- 

To the above I will yet add Paul's language, and then 
close. "According to the grace of God which is given 
unto me as a wise masterbuilder I have laid the founda- 
tion, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man 
take heed how he buildeth thereon. For other founda- 
tion can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus 
Christ." (1 Cor. 3:9-11.) To ask additional evi- 
dence that Jesus, the Christ, is the rock of Matt. 16: 
18, the foundation of the Christian's hope and the 
church of Christ, is, to say the least, very unreasona- 

Ultimately: A church built upon the wrong sub- 
structure is not the church of Christ. The Mormon 
church is built upon a wrong foundation, hence is not 
the church of Jesus Christ. 



" Personal work " is the method by which the work 
of the Sunday school is made effective. It is the one 
method by which the work of the church is extended 
into new fields. It is the successful method by which 
man directs his fellow-man into the path that is " as 
a shining light that shineth more and more unto the 
perfect day." 

Personal work available to the Sunday school pupil 
very naturally divides itself into two classes: Influence 
through passive example and influence through active 
work. The first depends upon the individuality of the 
pupil. His daily walk must be such that those with 
whom he comes in contact feel that they are in the pres- 
ence of a person that has an inborn power that draws 
upward. This is a quality that belongs only to those 
who abide under the shadow of the Almighty and 
drink daily of the river of God's pleasures. The heart 
that thus derives its life principles from on high will 
shed a luster all around that will make those on whom 
it falls feel that they have been made better by having 
been within its circle. 

To be able to shed this luster in the most perfect 
manner one must " search the Scriptures," not only 
because in them we think we have eternal life, but in 
them we obtain power from God to draw men into the 
perfect way. And in searching the Scriptures 
thoroughly and prayerfully there comes into the heart 
a longing desire, a constant yearning to bring souls I 

into the kingdom. Aside from the Scriptures, one 
must be a student of other religious writings. Not 
only is our own interpretation of the Bible necessary, 
but also that of others who were especially gifted in 
the art of expounding the Gospel, in order to make 
an all-around Christian worker. Every page of the 
writings of some gifted man is studied with new 
thoughts on the Scriptures, or casts some light on an 
obscure passage that lias puzzled the ordinary intellect 
for a long time. Therefore if a Sunday-school pupil 
would be most successful in his personal influence 
through example, he must be a student of the Bible and 
of the works of the writers that have lived lives of 
devotion to God and to their fellow-men. He is thus 
fully equipped to enter the field of active labor. 

In this field the pupil may find open doors on all 
sides. Regular attendance at the Sunday school, al- 
ways appearing in his place when the hour of recitation 
arrives, will secure a confidence from others that will 
be of untold advantage to him in personal work. 
During the time of recitation his radiant countenance 
and close attention will be evidence that he is there 
because he enjoys it and not simply because conscience 
tells him he ought to be, when really his heart is in 
some other place. At suggestion of the teacher he 
is ready and willing to answer questions or express an 
opinion which shows that the lesson has had previous 
preparation. With the assistance of such pupils the 
teacher can more effectually draw out the beautiful 
thoughts with which every Sunday-school lesson is 

Everyone that has had such pupils knows what a 
pleasure it is to teach a class where such intelligence is 
shown. By this example of readiness, cheerfulness 
and promptness other members of the class will be 
made to wonder how this pupil finds such enjoyment 
in Sunday school, and their minds will be started upon 
a line of thought which, if pursued, will result in in- 
spirations to become better Sunday-school pupils, and 
hence better people. This example in the class is as 
a sowing beside all waters or as bread cast upon the 
wafers, which shall he gathered after many days. 

While striving to make an interesting recitation by 
activity, the true pupil will be careful to enter into 
sympathy with every well-directed effort of the teacher. 
He will show by his very conduct that he has full con- 
fidence in her ability, and will try in every way possible 
to help her in her attempts to secure an interesting 
and profitable recitation. And should she see fit at 
any time to introduce a new feature into the class 
work, this live and active pupil will enter into the 
movement with a zest that will insure success. A free 
and willing acceptance of the teacher's views, when in 
accordance with sound doctrine, and upon all occasions 
showing" an appreciation of her efforts and ability, 
will place a pupil high in the estimation of the teacher. 
Truly, the ancient proverb, " In unity there is 
strength," can well be applied to the teacher and pupils 
of a Sunday-school class. 

In the development of an ideal pupil there is yet an- 
other relation. No pupil can have the proper influence 
and stand alone in his class. He must show an inter- 
est in his fellow-pupils. A study of the various tem- 
peraments in the class will enable him to make him- 
self congenial and respected by the members. Should 
a classmate appear to be carrying a heavy burden or 
laboring under some difficulty, he will go to work, in 
co-operation with the teacher, to bring the mind of that 
pupil into a brighter experience. The cause of the 
trouble will be sought out and, if possible, removed. 
Great care must be taken in this work not to alienate 
the one that it is intended to help. Here one must 
study human nature. A plan that would work well 
with one might be an utter failure with another. But 
the shrewd person will adapt Ins methods to the dis- 
position of the individual he wishes to influence for the 
better. He must keep himself agreeable, but he must 
not sacrifice his integrity or the dignity that belongs 
to a true pupil. While he keeps himself well thought 
of among his fellows, his chances to influence them 
will be much enhanced. Upon all occasions care must 
be taken not to allow an appearance of self-exaltation 
to be seen or felt. Bigotry is an attribute that is en- 
tirely foreign to the character of those who would do 

good work in the human family. And whenever that 
disposition shows forth, the individual dies so far as 
an elevating influence is concerned. 

The pupil with all these qualifications becomes a 
power in the field of personal work for bringing others 
into the same relation with the Father that he himself 
enjoys, and by laying hold of the promises God has 
given, will grow in grace and knowledge of God until 
he realizes that his special work consists in winning 
souls from darkness into that light enjoyed by all the 
true followers of Christ. And in his heart there comes 
a more profound desire, a deeper yearning to do more 
and better work for the Master, to win more souls into 
his kingdom, and the phrase '* personal work " is hard- 
ly sufficient to express his capacity. He has almost, 
without knowing it, become a missionary. He has 
passed from the limits of his Sunday-school class to 
the world at large. He has heard the cry, " White the 
harvest, look around about thee! " He realizes that 
"' Go ye into all the world " was meant for all, was 
meant for him. Not everyone can go into foreign 
lands, not everyone need go, but through his prayers, 
his work and his means he goes into home and for- 
eign missions, and should there come a special call, he 
is ready with a consecrated heart to answer, " Here 
am I, send me, send me." 



No. 12 — The Sources and Upper Course of the Jordan. 

Bun. Hon- and I are seated under the precipitous 
ledge of rocks in which Mount Hermon abruptly ends 
at the village of Banias, the Casarea Philippi of the 
New Testament. The present name is an altered spell- 
ing of the old name Panias. Just back of us in the 
face of the rocky precipice is a cave which the ancient 
Greeks called a sanctuary of the god Pan, and so they 
named the city after him. But to us the interest that 
attaches to this place is something else. 

There are two things that give the place special in- 
terest to the Christian. The first is that Christ once 
visited the place, and the other, that here is one of the 
three sources of the Jordan river. 

Mt. Hermon, the most southern of the Anti-Leba- 
non mountains, ends abruptly here, and out from under 
the mass of stones and rocks at its foot through many 
springs bursts a small river, full-fledged, and murmur- 
ing and babbling as it rolls away over its rapids, winds 
in and out among the strip of green it has itself cre- 
ated, and soon is lost to our view. This stream is the 
easternmost source of the Jordan. About two miles 
west, at Dan (called Tell el Kady to-dayj, is the chief 
source of this famous river, and still farther west we 
come upon a third stream rising from a spring on the 
west slope of Hermon, twelve miles farther north. A 
little way down the valley it joins the other two 
streams, and thus the Jordan is formed. 

Banias is on the eastern side of the Jordan valley 
at its north t^nd. From this place we cross to the 
western side of the valley and find numberless small 
springs such as would supply an old-fashioned spring- 
house in America. But these three principal springs, 
which are considered the sources of the Jordan, are so 
very much larger that one feels almost disposed to 
overlook the tiny rills and brooks that come from the 
smaller springs. 

All through Syria and Palestine I have been sur- 
prised to find so many and such large springs bursting 
from under the mountains or lulls and not infrequent- 
ly up out of the plains. At this time of year, when 
there are no rains to speak of up to November, and all 
is dry and parched, of course one notices these springs 
more. During the rainy season, the dry, stony ra- 
vines, called wadies by the Arabs, are filled with tor- 
rents of water rushing down from the mountains and 
hills, and this is why on some maps the rivers are 
marked as rising above their real permanent sources 
in the springs. 

From Damascus we came by horseback, stopping 
the first night in a village called Hiney, at the house of 
a Greek priest. They entertained us cordially, gave us 
their best room, and although we could talk neither 

^T^CSG GOSPEL 2s^ElSS333Si G3±3^,. 

Jan. 4, 1902 

Arabic nor Greek, and they no English or German or 
French, yet we squatted down on the floor (for they 
had no chairs or bench or table or cupboard or piano, 
or other furniture), and there in the most cordial way 
we talked for two or three hours. 

In coming- across the Atlantic we had learned a few 
phrases of Arabic from a missionary. Our guide- 
book had others spelled in English letters. By mak- 
ing the most of these and by using many motions, we 
got along famously. Bro. Hoff also entertained them 
and interested them much by showing them his ther- 
mometer, his compass and kodak. Our meals we ate 
from the floor and our beds were spread there too. 

Next night we slept in a Mohammedan home at 
Banias. From here, after crossing the Jordan valley 
to the western side, we went along the western mar- 
gin of it down about as far as Lake Merom before turn- 
ing farther west. 

Those who have seen the Missouri River valley in 
Northwestern Missouri, several miles wide, almost 
flat, sometimes swampy, and the whole valley far down 
below the hills that bound it, have a good illustration 
of how the valley of the Jordan begins. 

After leaving this valley we traversed a large rolling 
plain reminding us forcibly of a Kansas prairie, and 
at last we wound up a mountain road and at sunset 
reached Safed in Galilee. 



It will no doubt be interesting to all the readers of 
the Messenger to learn of the conversion of an infidel 
from the error of his ways to walk in newness of life. 
StTch is the experience of the writer. Raised all my 
life under the banners of the various religious organi- 
zations, and seeing borne by them no fruit which mer- 
ited eternal life (excepting the Brethren and a few 
others with whom I was not acquainted), I naturally 
fell into the ways of the skeptic. 

I was conversant with Scripture from a child, taught 
to repeat it by heart, and as I grew older I began to 
search the Scripture and found a great many com- 
mands given which were not being obeyed by the dif- 
ferent sects then known to me. I soon arrived at the 
conclusion that the Gospel was a tremendous hoax, 
with no inspiration about it. I questioned the reason- 
ableness of a great deal of the Bible, not taking into 
consideration that as the Meavens are higher than the 
earth, so are God's ways higher than our ways, and 
his thoughts higher than our thoughts. I would ask 
the members of the various sects how they knew so 
much of man's after life, remarking at the same time 
that none had returned from the dead and testified. 
The answer generally was, " Well, if you don't believe 
and join the church, you will find out." 

And so I went on, knowing that the very ones who 
told me these things were far from obeying the com- 
mands as I found them laid down in the Bible. I 
would ask some, " Why don't you wash feet? " The 
reply would be that Christ meant that only for the 
disciples. I knew better than that. I knew the Bible 
said, " Go not to war, Swear not, Keep yourself un- 
spotted from the world, Wear not costly apparel, 
Go not to law." I knew that baptism was essential, 
but with all my knowledge of the Gospel there were 
some things I did not know which have become clear to 
my mind since my conversion. Trine immersion was 
new to me, women being commanded to have a cover- 
ing on their heads during worship was new to me, be- 
sides a few other points of lesser importance. 

But how was I converted ? you want to know. Well, 
it was this wise: In the providence of God I was 
brought up face to face with a member of the church 
of the German Baptist Brethren, who seemed to me to 
have the very doctrine taught in the Scripture, and I 
became convinced by repeated visits to his house that 
if there was anything in it, the Dunkard Brethren sure- 
ly had the doctrine. But still I would ask him the 
same old favorite question of all rkeptics, How do you 
know all this? 

About this time a meeting was held in the town by 
a Brethren preacher, Kesler by name, who lived here, 

and my family and I attended. I cannot say what set 
me thinking. Perhaps it was something said during 
the meetings, or perhaps (as I found the doctrine all 
right), I thought it best to take this chance, knowing 
that life was short. And bear in mind this one fact, 
that I for the first time in my life became aware of 
the fact in my own mind that the Christian does not 
really knozv anything, but simply believes; and that! 
being a fact it was a very easy matter for me to say, 
" I believe; Lord, help thou my unbelief." 

The old brother and his wife, who had led me into 
the light of the doctrine of their church, saw that I 
was about to give up. my infidelity and join, and they 
urged me, together with my wife, who saw the doctrine 
was all right, and wanted to join herself. Besides, my 
daughter, eleven years old, said she was going to join 
along with her mother; also my boy nine years old, 
which was my entire family, excepting a baby two 
years old. 

At the proper time I gave my hand to Bro. Kesler 
in the presence of a large number of people, followed 
by my wife and two children. We were baptized by 
trine immersion in the presence of a great many, it 
being new to the crowd as well as to us, for we had 
never heard of the like before till enlightened by our 
old Bro. Pruett and his wife. We ate the love feast 
that night in the presence of a full house, and took 
communion as well as washed feet, all being new to 
us. We were baptized September 20, 1901, and we 
all are continuing steadfast in the faith, striving for 

Gainesville, Ark. 



What the Brethren church needs at the present time 
is a forward movement. By this I mean a forward 
movement for souls. Anything like discord or di- 
vision is a backward movement. We don't all look 
at things from the same point of view. We have those 
among us who are very radical and would have the 
usages of the church enforced to the letter. These 
brethren are, or many of them at least, sincere and 
good; they have come to their convictions from their 
point of view, broad or narrow as it may be, and are 
strictly honest. Their conviction should be respected 
and should be treated with fairness and kindness. The 
same is true of those who are more liberal in their 
views, and if we are to have unity in the church the 
same spirit of kindness and forbearance must be ex- 
ercised. The make-up of our church is very different 
from what it was ten years ago. We now have men 
and women of education ; many of them are earnest 
students of the Bible and the history of the church. 
Their horizon is broadened, and now will the church 
so radically compress itself with the traditionary as 
to make it impossible for these men and women to 
stay with it, and work with it? God forbid. These 
brethren and sisters desire no great change in the pol- 
ity of the church. Their culture, intellectually and 
spiritually, would revolt at any measures to enforce 
their views on others. Their motto is found in Eph. 
4: 1-3- 

But what about the forward movement? Instead 
of any thought of discord or division let the church 
marshall its forces and go forth unitedly in its true 
mission, — the preaching of the Gospel to the world. 
If there is a church on earth that should be concerned 
about this matter it is the Brethren church. We pro- 
fess to accept the Gospel in its entirety, and the com- 
mission to preach it comes to us with peculiar force. 
But what are some of the essentials to this forward 
movement ? Among the many I name, 

First, organize a forward movement in our own 
hearts. Before we can go forth with power we must 
put from us all bitterness, jealousy, selfishness and 
worldliness. It is just these things that are keeping 
the church back in a forward movement. There are 
an alarming number of churches that are going back- 
ward, and others that are just holding their own, — 
just breathing, that is, they are living and that is all. 
Upon investigation you will find in some instances 

there is jealousy among the officials. Instead of each 
one going on and doing what he can for the salvation 
of soufs, he is watching his brother. In other instances 
the membership of the church take more thought for 
their life, what they shall eat, what they shall wear, 
how they shall provide houses and lands for their 
children, than they do for the upbuilding of the king- 
dom of God and his righteousness. Now while this 
condition of things obtains there can be no forward 
movement. When we come to examine ourselves we 
take the candle in our own hands and as soon as we 
see ugly things we blow it out. Let us in this heart 
examination give Christ the candle and we go with 
him. He will hold it until we see ourselves in the true 

Second, we must have in our hearts a throbbing con- 
cern for souls. Some one has said that when we have 
a passion for Christ we have a passion for souls, and 
I believe this is true. We don't have the love for souls 
that we ought. In many families there are sons and 
daughters unsaved. Parents, are you concerned? Are 
you doing all you can to bring them to Christ? What 
are you doing for your unconverted neighbor? A 
man living in a western town was wealthy ; was a 
member of a church and contributed liberally to its 
support. One day an unconverted neighbor met him 
and asked him these questions: " Do you believe, Mr. 
R, that if I die in my present condition I will be lost? " 

" Why, certainly I do," replied Mr. R. 

" Would you like to have me saved, and do you love 
my soul ? " 

" Why, certainly," replied Mr. R. 

" Well," said the neighbor, " I do not believe you, 
for you have been with me for thirty years and you 
have spoken with me about business, about stocks and 
bonds, etc., but you have never said a word to me 
about my soul, and if you believe what you say, you 
could not be so indifferent to this matter." 

The gentleman was much astonished and was won- 
derfully wrought upon by this circumstance. He was 
a deacon in the church, and at first he felt so unworthy 
that he thought he would resign his office. Then it 
occurred to him that the better plan would be to re- 
form his life, and now it is said he has become a mighty 
man for God. And so if we are to have a forward 
movement in the church our people must have a great- 
er love for souls. We must come in personal touch 
with the unsaved and our love for their souls must be 
so great that they will know it. 

Third. Another essential for a forward movement 
is a change of methods, but not a change of principle. 
Some may quake at this, but it makes no difference. 
There will have to be some quaking done before we 
make much of a forward movement. Christ and his 
apostles adapted their methods of work to the condi- 
tion of the people with whom they worked. We can't 
make conditions, but we can make methods without 
violating principle a whit. Christ sent his undis- 
ciplined disciples first only to the Jews, because they 
were not yet prepared to go to the Gentiles and Samar- 
itans. Then, too, the instructions he gave them as to 
conduct were in harmony with the conditions they had 
to meet. Will we learn from the Master? 

A thought in conclusion as to who shall take the ini- 
tial steps in this forward movement. It may begin 
with the laity, or the deacons, or the ministers. 
Wherever the transforming power of the Holy Spirit 
begins in the heart, there the forward move- 
ment will begin. Shall the movement be made through 
evangelistic work? Yes, but not so much through the 
so-called evangelists that go from church to church, 
some of whom aim at little else than to work on the 
emotions of the people. Some of these are very good 
men, and have their place, but what we especially need 
to make the forward movement is teaching. If men 
and women are to be truly converted it must be done 
through the power of God's Word. Paul said he was 
not ashamed of the Gospel, because it is the power of 
God unto salvation. Who should be better prepared to 
do this teaching than the home minister? And if he is 
a man of God there is no man in the world in a posi- 
tion to do it better. 

So, finally, I say let this forward movement com- 
mence in the hearts of our ministers. If you have 

Jan, 4, 1902 

ma^m tj-o^jHiLiij 3ynsss:En$ro-:Ei:Efc_ 


committed sin, condemn it, and then you can have 
power with God and men. My brethren, I cannot ex- 
press the earnestness I feel in this matter. If we do 
not make a move forward the devil will get his work 
in and the church will lose her power. We do hope 
and pray that the Spirit of Jesus may prevail, and that 
the coming year may be marked as one of unusual pow- 
er in the church. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 



In Two Parts.— Part One. 


Nowhere has love been so completely analyzed as in 
1 Cor. 13: 4-7 by the apostle Paul. " Love suffereth 
long." Here we have that attribute, long-suffering, 
which was so characteristic of the Christ. It has truly 
been said that we are made perfect through suffering. 
We do not suffer enough for our own good. We 
throw off this silent, perfecting influence before it has 
had time to soften our hearts, thereby causing us to 
act inhumanely. " Man's inhumanity to man makes 
countless millions mourn." 

That cold spirit of justice in the abstract which 
seeks a concrete expression in the thought, " He has 
done me wrong, let him suffer for it ; it serves him 
right; I'm glad he has to suffer," is too prevalent 
among a people claiming to be the followers of a 
long-suffering Master. Such feelings are antagonist- 
ic to love's manifestations. I shall not attempt to lay 
down a line limiting the extent to which our suffering 
should go for the wrongs of others, but I sincerely 
think that the suffering should be long and deep 
enough to arouse in us a pity that will seek an outlet 
in a permanent, active way for the salvation of the 
transgressor. This will not only prepare the heart 
of the innocent sufferer for greater service, but it 
places the guilty in a more hopeful attitude ; not as 
some might think to encourage him in wrongdoing, 
but to turn him to repentance. 

When Peter wanted to know how often he shouloV 
forgive his trespassing brother, and when he was go- 
ing to place the limit at seven times, I imagine he was 
somewhat surprised when Christ practically unlimited 
the forgiving spirit by saying " seventy times seven." 
That must have been an impressive lesson to Peter on 
long-suffering. Truly, " love suffereth long." We 
need more of this love that suffers long in order to 
bring souls iu Christ and keep them in Christ. 


Love is not only long-suffering, but it " is kind." 
Along with that patient, enduring, passive character- 
istic, long-suffering, how appropriately that thought- 
ful, active, benevolent attribute, kindness, comes in. 
These two virtues are complements of each other. 
There might be a sort of long-suffering in the sense 
of agitation or irritation, and there might also be a 
formal expression bearing the semblance of kindness. 
Either of these alone would be futile as a love man- 
ifestation. But when we find the deep-seated, long- 
suffering impression in the heart seeking expression in 
words or deeds of kindness, we may rest assured that 
love is at work. " Love is kind." Someone has said, 
" The brutes know when they have a Christian mas- 
ter." How do they know ? " Love is kind." "God 
is love." " Christ is God's " and we are Christ's if we 
have his Spirit. 

When we see a little boy abusing his sister and 
knocking her about in a rude way, we are made to 
say that he does not love his sister. Why ? Because 
love does not act that way. " Love is kind." When 
I hear a man scolding his wife, or the wife scolding 
her husband, I am forced to the conclusion that they 
do not love each other. Why? Because love does 
not say hard, harsh things to people. It speaks in 
kindly tones which cannot be mistaken. When we 
see the priest and Levite on the Jericho road pass by 
with only a look at the unfortunate traveler, we say 
at once they did not love the poor, helpless fellow. 
Why? Because love not only sees, but ministers to 

the necessities of the needy. " Love is kind." When 
we see professing Christians and sometimes church 
officials treat those inclined toward backsliding indif- 
ferently, and hear them say, " Let them go. They are 
better off outside than inside," am I making it too 
strong when I say they do not love God's children? 
If you ask why, I should say love does not act and 
talk that way to God's dear children. " Love is long- 
suffering and kind." " Be kindly affectioned to one 
another." Fathers and mothers, husbands and wives, 
parents and children, brothers and sisters, teacher and 
pupils, and neighbors and neighbor's children all need 
a greater portion of the love that is kind to make life 
pleasant and the surroundings congenial. 


" Love envieth not." It is self-love that causes peo- 
ple to be discontented and envious of the positions of 
others. Love never pulls others down and uses them 
as ladder rounds for climbing to some place of prom- 
inence. Neither does it lend its aid in helping some- 
one else to climb in such an ignoble way. Some peo- 
ple seemingly can't bear to see a man or woman rise 
into prominence. It fills their hearts with pain. It 
causes them uneasiness of mind ; it causes them to 
think out some means of stopping the rise. If a lit- 
tle act, which a generous, love-acting soul would in- 
terpret charitably, can be noted and made the ground 
of suspicion, the envious soul has planted the seed 
which grows with tremendous rapidity. For someone 
else then looks, sees, and interprets after the mind of 
the first, and soon an evil imagination has filled the 
minds of a good share of the people of the community. 
The suspicion, perhaps groundless at first, increased 
by the imaginations of fertile brains, soon comes to 
be believed by honest people as an actual deed. And 
what is the result? A person of prominence is called 
down from his position and forced to live as a man of 
no reputation. Of all Shakespeare's villains, there 
is none so villainous as lago, who through envy, with 
that subtility of Satan himself, made the good and the 
bad alike his tools in causing the pure-hearted Othello 
to kill his chaste, honest, loving wife, Desdemona. 
Suspicion was the principle he so cunningly used. 

Sometimes school children get jealous or envious of 
one another. Perhaps someone always stands at the 
head of his class. It may be that he is naturally 
bright, or possibly he studies hard to hold that place. 
Instead of doing mean things to hurt him, put in your 
time studying, and if you can't be head by an honest 
effort, stand next to the head and be thankful that 
someone can do better than you. Occasionally we 
find a minister who is afraid that some other minister 
will get all the honor or carry off all the laurels. 
Brother minister, did you ever stop to think that the 
real minister is not preaching to honor self, but God? 
If this be true, what is the sense of being envious of 
our brother's work? If God is being honored by our 
brother's preaching, for anyone to lessen or hinder it 
in any way would be to rob God of his due honor. 
" Love envieth not." This love that envieth not does 
not tear other churches down and build on their ruins. 
" Don't tear other people's houses down, but build a 
better one beside it," is a good motto. Oh, that we 
had more of that love which finds expression in gener- 
osity, in consideration for the honest thoughts and acts 
of our fellow-man. 

Santa Barbara, Cal. 



Judge not that ye be not judged.— Matt. 7: t. 
It is the duty of the jury to decide, guilty or not 
guilty ; while it is the duty of the judge to annex the 
penalty. In this great question of the soul's interest, 
Christ is the judge, and we are the jurors. It is ours 
to know and say what is right and wrong ; to decide 
whether guilty or not guilty. I am being constantly 
asked, " Can't I be saved with this or that faith? " I 
promptly decline to answer, explaining that to be 
saved or not to be saved after death, remains alone 
for Christ, the Great Judge, to render in that final 

judgment day. But when I am asked if a matter or 
doctrine is right or wrong I at once answer: It is my 
duty and the reader's to do so. 

For example : Christ in giving the communion serv- 
ice, first washed his disciples' feet ; then ate the sacred 
meal, after which he gave his disciples the bread and 
cup; then he added that they should do as he had 
done. Hence those who commune as Jesus did, do 
right ; and those who do not commune as Jesus did, 
do wrong. Those who are anointed as provided for 
in Mark 6: 13 and James 5: 14, do right; and those 
who do not, and discard that plain teaching, do wrong. 
But as to our own cases in this life, we are accorded 
the high privilege of being judge and our own sole 
jurnr. Hence. " if we judge ourselves, we will be 

It is necessary, however, that the jury render a ver- 
dict in keeping with the statute; therefore the judge 
instructs the jury' as to the law in the case. Through 
Christ and his inspired apostles we are fully instructed 
as to the law touching our cases. It is important that 
we decide our cases in harmony with the divine code, 
so that when our cases come before that higher court, 
the Judge Supreme, our decision may be sustained. 

The propriety of but one system and one church 
illustrated. Schurman, the chairman of the Philip- 
pine Commission, makes the following appeal to the 
churches of the United States ; " Missionaries are 
needed in these Islands ; and I hope they will be sent 
in large numbers. There is plenty of work to do. 
I hope they will come with a complete understanding 
of the situation. They must realize that they are to 
meet a Catholic educated people who know nothing of 
the fine differences between Protestant sects and de- 
nominations. Therefore it would be highly impolitic 
to send missionaries of different denominations to con- 
fuse the minds of the people. I do hope that when we 
send missionaries to these islands, we will decide be- 
forehand on one form of Protestant Christianity. 
Send only one type of missionaries." The preceding 
appeal is certainly with good propriety ; not only for 
the Philippine Isles, but to all the world as well. The 
distinguished Commissioner did not name the " one 
form," "the one type" desired. I suggest that it be 
the one of which "Jesus is the author and finisher." 
As to baptism : it will be " a burial " ; hence under the 
water. It will be in " the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." That will require 
three actions. It must be in " the likeness of his 
death "; which would be a forward movement. As to 
the communion service. Christ gave us but " one form, 
the one type." In this he first washed his disciples' 
feet ; then ate that sacred meal with them ; after which 
he gave them the bread and the cup. Here is clearly 
the " one form " that Mr. Schurman with such good 
propriety asks for, The apostle Paul voices the same 
basic truth when he says there is " one Lord, one faith, 
one baptism." " All speak the same thing, that there 
be no division among you." " By one Spirit are ye 
all baptized into one body," etc. We are glad to say 
that the Scriptures most clearly provide for " the one 
form," " the one type," that Mr. Schurman so earnest- 
ly pleads for. 

A certain writer gives the following well-worded 


" Christ's character is uniformly consistent. There 
is no man. however wise and good, who is not more 
or less inconsistent, who does not fall out of his role, 
vield to the pressure of circumstances, allowing him- 
self to be carried away by passion or excitement, and 
betray his native weakness, falter in the path of virtue. 
But Christ is the same in doctrine and conduct from 
the beginning to the close, before friend and foe, in 
private and public life, in action and suffering. He 
had never to retract a word, never to regret a deed, 
never to ask pardon of God or man. His calmness 
and serenity were never disturbed ; he never felt un- 
happv or desponding, and when at the close of his 
ministry he could say to his heavenly Father in the 
presence of his intimate friends and disciples : ' I 
have glorified thee on the earth; I have finished the 
work which thou gavest me to do.' " 

Covington, Ohio. 



Jan. 4, 1902 

•ONE THING I DO."-Phll. 3: 13, 14. 

BY N. R. BAKEfi. 

Paul did not claim perfection in all things. But 
the one thing he did with all his might. Too many 
men try to do many things at a time. 

Cromwell's watchword was purity. He saw impur- 
ities in the civil government of England. He had a 
conviction that he was the man to purify the country 
politically. His whole energy was Dent upon that one 
thing. He thought nothing else, he did nothing else. 
He accomplished his purpose. His name has come 
down to us as a synonym for purity. 

Moses' watchword was freedom. He saw his 
brethren oppressed. He decided that he should heed 
the call from the bush. He decided to lead them out 
of Egvpt. He had that one purpose in life. He dared 
to stand before Pharaoh and tell him of his sins and 
plead for the oppressed. He succeeded in his under- 

ludson's watchword was missions. Yea, it was 
more. It was his life word and became his life work. 
He talked missions, he thought missions, he planned 
missions, he conducted missions, he prayed for mis- 
sions, he lived for missions, he died in a mission. 
Thousands call him blessed to-day because he had a 
purpose. He tried to do one thing and 011/31 °" e - 

The Brethren church has a man who is yet young, 
but who by his consecration to mission work has been 
blessed by the Lord, and has been an instrument for the 
inauguration of a great work. 

So we might multiply examples to show that entire 
consecration to one line of work is best. Not many 
of us are so endowed mentally that we can do two 
things well at the same time. Not many of us can both 
farm well and preach well. Not many of us are equal- 
ly successful in teaching and in preaching. Not all 
are successful in business who are successful as pas- 
tors. Can we not arrange our lines of thought and 
work so as to give our time more exclusively to one 
thing? This would be practical, sensible, scriptural. 

Whistler, Ala. 


There is an old story of an abbot who coveted a 
certain piece of ground. The owner refused to sell, 
but consented to lease it for one crop only. The 
shrewd abbot sowed acorns, a crop which took thiee 
hundred years to ripen. The young people who im- 
agine they can lease the kingdom of their hearts to 
Satan for a season for one crop only will find that 
the shrewd old fellow will mortgage their life through 
all of its existence here on earth. It is dangerous, this 
business of allowing Satan to raise a crop of wild oats, 
for it never ends with one crop, and if it does it is a 
very long one. He begs for a single crop only and 
then sow seeds whose harvest will fill all the life to the 
end and sadder yet, through eternity. — The Evangelist. 



Lesson for Jan. 12, iqos. 

Golden Text.— The promise is unto you, and to your chil- 
dren. — Acts 2: 39. 

In our last lesson we had the disciples waiting for 
the fulfillment of a promise that meant much to them, 
especially at that time, because of their dependent con- 
dition For three years, and during their discipleship, 
they had been feeders rather than workers ; leaners 
rather than posts and supporters. They were learning, 
day by day, from the Great Teacher, on whom they 
leaned, as small children look to their parents. He is 
now taken away, and they are left to struggle with 
life's battles single-handed. They were men of large 
theories without practical experience, and, therefore, 
not able of themselves to start out on the great mission 
for which they were in training and preparing. It 
was because of this lack of experience and power that 
they were told to tarry at Jerusalem till the power 
would come. 

And the first thing we will look at is the attitude 
in which they placed themselves to the promise that 
was to be fulfilled. The Lord has made very precious 
promises to us all, but we make it very hard to have 
them fulfilled because of the position in which we place 
ourselves when the time comes, 

Had these disciples left off their watching and wait- 
ing and gone to their homes, their fields and to their 
fishing*, it would have been a very hard thing for the 
Holy Spirit to come with power. But they did the 
other thing, the better way. They waited, they be- 
lieved, they hoped and they prayed. " And when the 
day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one 
accord in one place." 

Here we have two very essential conditions to the 
fulfillment of the promise. The first was, they were 
united in purpose, of one accord, waiting and praying 
for the same thing. In agreement there is power. It 
is the uniting- of forces that gives strength. And it 
was the fulfillment of a previous promise on which the 
divine promise was assured, the gathering of two or 
three in the one name. The second was their being 
together — " in one place." Had they been of the same 
mind and yet been separated, the promise could not 
have been fulfilled. Of one mind and in one place is 
the secret of success when power is needed. And so 
these men of God were found and the power came. 

This power, was the Holy Spirit. It came attended 
with the usual evidence — " a sound from heaven as 
of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house 
where they were sitting." The sound filled the house 
so that all could feel it. It was a wonderful event and 
it was the purpose of the Lord that all present should 
be attracted to it. After the sound came the tangible 
evidence. The likeness of a cloven tongue was seen 
on each of them, which signified a distribution of pow- 
er. And on the reception of the Holy Ghost they be- 
gan to speak in different languages as represented by 
the cloven or divided tongue. This was, indeed, a 
wonderful manifestation, giving assurance to these 
men, who were fearful at the magnitude of the mo- 
mentous tasks before them and at the same time 
brought truth and conviction home to the minds and 
hearts of these men for whom the message was given. 

" They began to speak with other tongues as the 
Spirit gave them utterance." There has been some 
debating as to whether the apostles really spoke in 
other tongues or whether it was the people who heard, 
every man, in his own tongue. But for the simple 
learner it is best to understand it just as it reads. The 
Lord by the Spirit could as easily cause these men to 
speak in other tongues as cause the people to under- 
stand another tongue. The great purpose of the Lord 
was that all these people should be able to hear the 
Gospel of salvation, believe and be saved. And he put 
his seal on the whole work by this miraculous demon- 
stration of his divine power. 

To all these different nationalities the hearing of the 
wonderful works of God in their own tongues was a 
new revelation. The message was new, as well as the 
manner in which it came. And yet it is the same old 
story that greets our ears from childhood up. The 
manner in which it comes doesn't concern us. It is 
the message itself that interests us. If we hear and 
accept, we live. If we refuse, we are lost. h. b. b. 


A Person was once walking with a farmer through 
a beautiful field, when he happened to see a tall thistle 
on the other side of the fence. In a second, over the 
fence he jumped, and cut it oft close to the ground. 

' Is that your field? " asked his companion. " Oh. 
no! " said the farmer: "bad weeds do not care much 
for fences ; and if I should leave that thistle to blossom 
in my neighbor's field, I should soon have plenty of my 
own." Moral : help keep evil down for your own good 
as well as for others'. 

Let us know ourselves children of God and claim 
the liberty which God has given to every one of his 
children who will take it. God bless you and give 
some of you, help some of us to claim, as we have 
never claimed before that freedom with which the Son 
makes free ! 

Mistakes of sunday-school teachers. 


For some time we have been discussing the mis- 
takes of Sunday-school teachers. With this article 
we propose to close up the discussion and submit the 
whole matter to the teachers, with the hope that every 
one of them will spend some time in searching out 
his own mistakes and then set about remedying them 
and become a better teacher in the future than in the 
past. , 

It is a mistake for the teacher to place an improper 
estimate upon his tvork. There are different ways in 
which this mistake is made. Some place too high an 
estimate upon their work, while some place too low an 
estimate. Some teachers seem to think that their work 
is fan-better than it really is. If they could be bought 
in for what they are worth and exchanged for what 
they think they are worth, it would be a very lucra- 
tive transaction. In other words, some people would 
know more if they knew less. We always have sym- 
pathy for that class of people that seem to feel as if 
the elements would cease to be if they were to stop 
action. The pleasing part of all this is that we have 
comparatively few such unfortunates in our Sunday- 
school teaching force. 

The second class are far more numerous, — that class 
that do really underestimate the value of their work. 
We have known a number of teachers that could have 
done much better work than they did, if they had not 
placed too low an estimate upon their working ability. 
It is right as well as desirable that every teacher should 
place a proper estimate upon what he can do. Humil- 
ity does not preclude this : false humility or meekness 
may, but the right kind never. God intends that we 
should have a certain degree of confidence in the work 
we can do. " How much is allowable? " someone asks. 
We answer, Just enough self-confidence to cause you 
to do your best ; no more, no less. To have more is 
egotism and vanity, to have less is self-depreciation 
^md over-modesty. Teachers, make this a matter of 
special study and prayer. 

// is a mistake not to visit your scholars in their 
homes. I presume that comparatively few teachers 
visit their pupils, and yet we believe that there are few, 
if any, teachers that could not visit each one of their 
pupils at least once a year. Possibly there is nothing 
that will fill the average pupil's heart with more joy 
than a call from his teacher. A visit at the home of 
the child not only endears you in the heart of the 
child, but it creates a warm feeling in the hearts of 
the parents for you. Then it puts you more in sym- 
pathy with the child, for you become acquainted with 
its surrounding circumstances. Much of the success 
of the Sunday-school teacher's work depends upon his 
touch with the home life of his pupils. 

// is a mistake not to pray for your pupils. They 
need your prayers. You need the benefits to be re- 
ceived by praying for them. You need to feel that 
the pupils of your class are your own children, or rath- 
er that they are the Lord's children entrusted to your 
care. You should not think of neglecting praying for 
them individually any more than you would neglect to 
eat your food. If the prayers of the church could 
release Peter from prison, your prayers may release 
your pupils from sin ; if Elijah's prayers could open 
the heavens to give rain, yours may open the hearts 
of your pupils to the Spirit of God. 

// is a mistake not to supply yourself with some of 
the best books on Sunday schools and on teaching. 
There are a number of very helpful books that no 
teacher can afford to be without. The books contain 
the best thoughts of Sunday-school workers, and their 
ripe experiences gathered from years of active Sunday- 
school work. You need not buy a whole library at 
once, but begin by buying one book, and by the time 
you have thoroughly digested its contents, you will 
want another, and you will have saved enough of your 
earnings to be able to purchase it. Be a student, be a 
reader, and you can be a teacher. 

Jan. 4, 1902 

J?_fc±_HJ ca-OfeS-e-EJ-i IM-IEJSSIElIfcTGIEIR,- 



I leaned dowD over the cavern 

Time dug for the Old Year's tomb, 
And laid my dead beside it 

(For the sexton gave no room). 
'Twas a skeleton form of sorrow 

At last I buried away; 
It had stalked through my soul's castle 

And haunted me many a day. 

And then, as I peered down deeper, 

1 saw there yet waB space 
For a grudge that long had shadowed 

My heart's*no9t sunny place; 
And I cast the blighting burden 

In the grave where it belonged, 
As I said. "There are fates more bitter 

Than to be the one who is wronged." 

And down on the lid of the coffin 

I laid a vain regret 
For a time and a pleasure vanished. 

For a day whose sun was set; 
And just as the tomb was closing 

I flung in a selfish thought, 
To He in the dark and moulder, 

And perish as it ought. 

And while the bells were ringing 

Their midnight chimes, 1 said: 
"Since good endureth forever, 

Let the dead year bury its dead." 
And then, like a radiant angel 

Outlined in the skies above, 
With the glad New Year in his bosom, 

I saw the Spirit of love. 

And he spake: " It is only sorrow 
And sin and folly that dies; 

Whatever was good in the Old Year 
In the soul of the New Year lies. 

As you stand on the grave of error, 
Look up, for the stars are true! 

Let go of the things departed- 
Reach out for the things that are new! " 

— EVa Wheeler Wilcox. 

in each service instead of making an excuse for some 
timid one, and saying, " They cannot." Sometimes re- 
sponsibilities are heaped upon us, and we feel unable 
to bear them. It is then that God can best help when 
we feel our weakness and rely wholly on his strength. 

Hear the sinner's excuse for not being a Christian : 
" I am as good as some of your members." This 
should not keep htm away, but is too true. I have 
in mind a young man who knew his duty so well, yet 
put off becoming a Christian for a " more convenient 
season." One day, as we were going to the water to 
see his brother baptized, I asked him why he was not 
taking the same step. He said : " I have been watch- 
ing those of my associates that come into the church, 
and they talk just as foolishly as they did before, are 
just as anxious to make a display in dress and still 
like to attend parties and places of amusement." 

O that we could have more spirituality in our church, 
so there would not be room for such excuses. We may 
go on making excuses without an effort to mend our 
weak points and some people will think them plausible. 
But the great question with me is: What will the best 
excuse be worth in the eyes of the Judge when our life 
is over here and we have failed? May we NOW work 
with pure motives to please God rather than man, then 
excuses will not be necessary here or hereafter. 

Franklin Grove, III. 

The reason we take our dinners: At the October 
meeting there were only six present, the weather not 
being favorable. At the November meeting we had 
a nice day. and ihere were thirty-five present. It 
would be very inconvenient for the sister having the 
meeting if she would have to furnish dinner. We thank 
the Lord for his goodness. We wish the sisters all a 
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. 



Long ago with Mother Eve this habit of making 
excuses was begun, and has been indulged in all 
through the ages. It seems to be in human nature to 
see whether we cannot blame someone else for our mis- 
takes. When we come short of our duty, we too of- 
ten hunt for an excuse to make it right. 

Ministers when getting up to preach use precious 
time making excuses which are not always to edifica- 
tion. Sometimes the sermon is not what they intended 
to give, and the excuse comes at the end of the dis- 
course. Sometimes when we think we have made a 
failure, we have done more good than when we feel 
good over our work. When we look at the perfect life 
our Savior lived in this sinful world and study the 
lives of Joseph, Job. Paul, Peter and others who 
worked through many difficulties to accomplish what 
God intended them to do, we feel that we too often 
let hindrances throw us off the track, then we must 
hunt for an excuse or blame someone else. 

A young brother was asked why he did not have 
family worship. " The children are too small and will 
not keep quiet." If children were taught at home from 
infancy to keep quiet during worship, perhaps it would 
not be so hard to teach good behavior at church. I 
know a little boy who learned before he could talk that 
reading and prayer came before breakfast and among 
his first words he uttered were these, " Read and pray." 

One brother thinks we should have neighborhood 
prayer meetings; but if he talks it up he will be ex- 
pected to lead or pray in public. Hear his excuse : 
" I do not know what to say. Others can do better 
than 1." If we cannot speak a word for Christ, we 
lack a virtue that goes to make a true Christian. What 
if others can do better than we? Did they do that 
well to begin with? We can all ask our neighbors for 
something or thank them for favors granted, then are 
too timid to approach God who gives us all good 
tilings. The real excuse is that we fear what man will 
say if we make a mistake, etc. O that elders and min- 
isters would encourage each member to take some part 



Some years ago, on the fourth day of July, a goodly 
company of brethren and sisters had gathered for a 
Sunday-school meeting. They had a wide-awake and 
well furnished meeting. When the day was gone some 
had seventy-five, some one hundred, and some one hun- 
dred and fifty miles to go home on the train. Among 
them were several good singers. When about forty 
miles on the way the cars were crowded till there was 
no standing room, with such as had gone out to cele- 
brate, but desecrated. A number were drunk and 
passed their jug every little while. These singers were 
singing some spiritual songs. Then the drunken crowd 
would sing some of theirs. They became boisterous 
and rude. 

Two brethren were sitting together. The one said 
to the other, " Have you not a message for these?" 
He replied, " No, haven't you? I don't see my way 

Soon the preparation of the heart was realized by 
one. Then for the courage to give the answer of the 
tongue. He stood up on the seat and said, "Gentlemen 
and ladies [silence prevailed], two pictures were paint- 
ed on the mind of the American people to-day. The 
one shows celebration and honor, the other desecration 
and dishonor. Two pictures are being painted here 
in this car to-night ; which will be the most vivid on 
your mind in days to come, honor or debauchery." As 
we go from place to place and home to home the two 
pictures are seen. And are there not two pictures to 
look upon for eternity ? Some cursed and some blessed 
the brother. 

Beatrice, Nebr. 



We have no great story to tell or anything to boast 
about, for we have not done much. We are often dis- 
couraged and feel like giving up the work, and then 
again we read what our sisters are doing in other 
places, and that helps us along. I wish the sisters 
would write more and tell us what they are doing. 
Perhaps our good Editor would publish what we are 
doing if we do not make our articles too lengthy. 

( )ur work consists of making caps, piecing and quilt- 
ing quilts, sewing carpet rags and making garments, 

From Jan. 2 to Dec. 5 we have had seventeen meet- 
ings. Average attendance, 10. Along with our work 
we have finished piecing four quilts, quilted two, made 
one comfort and forty garments. We are at present 
preparing a box of clothing to send to the poor in 
Denver by Christmas. Money received during the 
year, about twenty dollars; expenditures, $14. 8j. 



Since March, 1901, we paid to the mission Sunday 
school of the city of Canton twenty-eight dollars; to 
Baltimore mission, five dollars; to China's sufferers, 
five dollars ; six dollars and eighty cents to the poor at 
home, and have eleven dollars and eighty cents in the 


We do any kind of plain sewing or quilting; one 
dollar per day, each one taking something along for 
a plain dinner. But our principal work is making 
cornstalk bonnets. (Now, sisters, if you never wore a 
cornstalk bonnet about your work, just try one and 
see how light they are. ) Three years ago we made 
a bonnet using cornstalks for slats. The next year we 
sold quite a number, and the past year we sold eighty- 
five, and have orders for many more the coming season. 


Cardinal Gibbons Accuses Her of Being Largely Respon- 
sible for the Wrecks of Families. 

" As I have said before, I regard woman's rights 
women and the leaders in the new school of female 
progress as the worst enemies of the female sex," 
writes His Eminence, Cardinal Gibbons, in the Ladies' 
Home Journal for January. " They teach that which 
robs woman of all that is amiable and gentle, tender 
and attractive, and which gives her nothing in return 
but masculine boldness and brazen effrontery. While 
professing to emancipate her from domestic servitude, 
they are making her the slave of her own caprices and 
passions. She never feels at home except when abroad. 
When she is at home, home is irksome to her. She 
chafes and frets under the restraint and responsibility 
of domestic life. Her heart is abroad. It is exulting 
in imagination, in some social triumph, or reveling in 
some scene of gayety and dissipation. Her husband 
comes to his home to find it empty, or occupied by one 
whose heart is void of affection for him. Then arise 
disputes, quarrels, recriminations, estrangements, and 
the last act in the drama is often divorce. I speak the 
sober truth when I affirm that for the wrecks of fam- 
ilies in our country, woman has a large share of the 



For Week Ending Jan. 18, IQ02. 

Our Need 0/ Forgiveness. "All have sinned." Rom. 3: 23; 

1 John 1: 10; John 8: 3-9. 

Is H Possible to Have Forgiveness? God is long-suffering 

and ready to pardon. Ps. 130: 3, 4; z Pet. 3: 0. 

The Ground on Which I Can Hope for Forgiveness. John 

1:20; Luke 24: 46, 47; Acts 13: 38; Col. 1: 14. 

Without Merit on the Sinner's Part. Luke 7: 41. 42; Eph. 

( 7, latter clause. 
. The Character of the Forgiveness. Isa. 1: 18; 55: 7; Acts 

13: 39; Ps. 103: 12. 

A s'urance of Forgiveness. Matt. 9: 2; Eph. I: 7; Acts 13: 

, Who May Have Forgiveness. Acts 13: 26; John 3: 16; 

Acts 10: 43. 
, How May I Have ft? Ps. 51: 4; 32: 5; 1 John 1:9; Acts 10: 

43; John 3: 18. 
. When May I Have It? 2 Cor. 6: 2; James I : iS. Now! 


Jan. 4, 1902 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 

Subscription, $1.60 per annum in advance. 

D. L. Miller, Illinois, 


I J. H. Moorb, - - - Office Editor. 
H. B. Brumbaugh, Pb., ) ■"—"'-■ | Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 
JOS. AmiCk, Business Manager. 

A&titory ComwiiUt*.- IHtnUl Bay, W. R. D*st*r.iEdu>ard FranlM 

H?~A11 business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to any 

individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Bro. K. Heckman changes his address from Edi- 
son, Nebr., to Beaver City, same State. 

During the late Bible term at Woodbury church, 
Pa., six persons united with the church. 

For the present Bro. Archibald Van Dyke, of Ne- 
braska, may be addressed at Michigan City, Ind. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison may now be addressed 
at Lansdale, Pa. After Jan. 20 he will be at Freder- 
ick, Md. 

The meeting at the East Hanover church, Big 
Swatara congregation. Pa., closed with fourteen con- 

During a revival in the Portage church, Ohio, six 
came out on the Lord's side and .eceiyed the rite of 

holy baptism. 

Bro. Wm. Howe recently conducted a series of 
meetings in the Beaver Creek church, Md. Five 
made the good confession. 

Bro. David Rowland, of Lanark, was with us a 
short time last week. He is the elder of the Shannon 
congregation, but makes his home in Lanark. 

Bro. S. A. Sanger, of Virginia, has been doing 
some preaching in Tennessee. During his meetings 
in the Pleasant Valley church ten persons applied for 

Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, was with us in our 
Christmas services. He has arranged to spend several 
weeks in Florida, and will probably start south inside 
of a few days. 

Bro. Eshelman writes us that the four Armenians 
received into the church at Tropico, Cal., were not 
baptized by him, as reported two weeks ago, but by 
Bro. P. S. Myers. 

During the late series of meetings at Cheat River, 
W. Va., five came out on the Lord's side and were 
immersed into the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 

In a report of church news on page 796, of 1901, 
Bremen, Ind., is given as the home of Bro. S. N. Ever- 
sole. His home, however, is at Plymouth, and we 
make this correction by request. 

On account of a rush of business in the office the 
Christmas issue reached our readers a few days later 
than we had planned. We trust, however, that they 
found it a most interesting paper. 

We are just in receipt of the minutes of the Dis- 
trict Meeting of Western Maryland, and notice that 
Bro. W. T. Sines has been selected to represent the 
District on the Standing Committee. 

The regular meeting of the General Missionary 
and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin Feb. 11. 
The Executive Committee of the Publishing House 
will meet the day before. Business intended for ei- 
ther of these committees should be reduced to writ- 
ing and sent to the Mission Rooms not later than 
Feb. T. 

Christmas in Elgin passed off very pleasantly. 
Bro. D. L. Miller was with us, and conducted the serv- 
ices at the church. His talk was much appreciated. 
He was on his way home from Ohio. 

Bro. I. H. Crist, of Kansas City, Kans., so we 
understand, is now engaged in a series of meetings 
in the Girard church, 111. We learn that the outlook 
for the Brethren in this part of Southern Illinois is 

The special Bible Term at Mount Morris has 
closed. It is said to have been the best attended of 
any Bible term vet held at the college. Bro. W. B. 
Stover was present and delivered some highly-appre- 
ciated talks. 

If you do not have a copy of the Brethren's Sunday 
School Commentary for 1902, you should send for it 
without delay. The well bound book contains all the 
lessons, with necessary comments and helps, for the 
entire year. Price, 90 cents. 

Booker T. Washington tells of a negro in Ala- 
bama, who, after listening to a sermon for two hours, 
told the preacher that, though he had many kinds of 
sense, he did not possess the " quitting sense.". There 
are some white people in the world who might cultivate 
this sense to most excellent advantage. 

Bro. Hutchison writes that during his late series 
of meetings in Easton, Md., some members drove in 
ten miles, in the coldest of weather, to attend the serv- 
ices. He says it does a man good to preach to such 
people. Wonders might be accomplished with a band 
of believers so full of zeal. We need more of that 
class of members. 

Bro. Chas. M. Yearout is taking a much needed 
rest at his home in Warrensburg, Mo. He writes that 
during the year 1901 he spent about 250 days in the 
Master's work and preached 280 times. He had the 
oleasure of seeing sixtv-two persons come to the 
church. He will soon enter the field again, his next 
point being Coffee County, Kansas. 

Some noticeable improvements have been made on 
the Young Disciple and Children at Work. Both pa- 
pers have new heads. A Bible story, beginning with 
the creation, is now appearing in the Children at Work 
week after week. The history of the Bible is given in 
a way easily to be understood by the little people. In 
fact, it is written on purpose for them. All of our 
Sunday schools should have these two papers. 

We are again filling orders for the " Seven Church- 
es of Asia," another edition of the book having just 
been published. Some think this is the best book that 
Bro. Miller has written. We know of no other work 
that treats the subject so fully. The author has vis- 
ited the site of these churches — some of them repeat- 
edly — and knows how to describe them. Price, 75 
cents. To ministers of the Brethren church for post- 
age and packing, 14 cents. 

Bro. C. M. Yearout, of Warrensburg, Mo., writes 
us that he is very much pleased with the Messenger. 
He says that during his travels he sometimes gets 
among members who do not take the paper, and when 
the time comes for it to arrive he starts out and finds 
someone who takes it, and in that way he keeps 
posted on the work of the church. A hint to the wise 
ought to be sufficient ; and all the members in the 
church should have the paper come to their homes. 

Quite an effort is being made by certain publishers 
to introduce their song books into our Sunday schools 
and church, and in this way crowd our own books out. 
It will be well for our people to be on their guard 
about matters of this kind and not permit others to 
take the advantage of us. We have gone to the care 
and expense of bringing out good song books for our 
own people, and by them these books should be wide- 
ly used. They are well gotten up. The music is 
first class and the price very low. See to it that the 
the Brethren's books are used in your song service. 

Writing from Geneva, Switzerland, under date of 
Dec. 9 Bro. G. J. Fercken says: "Yesterday I bap- 
tized a family composed of husband, wife, son and 
daughter. A letter from Bro. C. Tavel informs me 
that he also baptized one Dec. 1 — a young Christian 
man who was once a Bible colporteur of the Free 
Church of Geneva. The Lord be praised for these 
tokens of encouragement." 

Bro. Harvey Barkdoll, of Warrenville, 111., was 
with us the early part of last week. He is one of our 
active agents. He says that he has succeeded in get- 
ting the Messenger into every family in the Naper- 
ville church where there are members. Then, there 
are a number who are not members that take the pa- 
per. We hope to hear of other congregations where 
all the members take the Messenger. 

We have received District Meeting minutes from 
the following State Districts: Middle Iowa, North 
Missouri, Michigan, Northern Indiana, Southern Illi- 
nois, Middle Missouri, Southwestern Kansas, South- 
ern Colorado and Northwestern Oklahoma, North- 
western Kansas and Northern Colorado, and Western 
Maryland. The clerks of a number of the District 
Meetings have not yet sent us copies of their minutes. 
We hope to hear from them soon. 

Bro. Geo. D. Zollers, of South Bend, Ind., gave us 
a short call last week. He came up from Batavia, 
where he had stopped to hold a few meetings with the 
Brethren and remain with them over Sunday. Bro. 
Zollers has lately been preaching in Iowa and South- 
ern Illinois. At the Pleasant Hill church he closed 
a series of meetings with twelve accessions by confes- 
sion and baptism. From Batavia he returned to his 
home, and later will go to Ohio to engage in evangel- 
istic work. 

Paul one time said: " When I am weak then am I 
strong." He realized that he was human, and that he 
must depend upon a higher power. This made him 
the more careful. He did his utmost to avoid mis- 
takes. Then he went into his work with full faith, 
feeling that he could trust God. He knew that God 
would take care of him while he was doing his best. 
Then it was that he was strong. He simply did his 
best, with God helping him. This will make any man 

A short time ago mention was made in the news 
department of the Messenger of a great snowfall in 
Copenhagen, Denmark. Sister Vaniman, who lives in 
Malmo, about twenty miles east of Copenhagen, says 
the report is an exaggeration, as up to the time of writ- 
ing, Dec. 7, not enough snow had fallen in that part of 
Europe to cover the ground well. Though much far- 
ther north than the northern part of North Dakota, 
both Denmark and Sweden seem to have a climate 
fully as mild as that found in Southern Illinois. 

For the first six months of 1902 our Sunday-school 
lessons will be in Acts. This interesting part of the 
New Testament was written by Luke, known also as 
the beloved physician. He is also said to have been an 
artist. He was what would be called an educated man 
in his day. He probably had command of several lan- 
guages, and could speak the Greek, Hebrew and Latin 
fluently. But he wrote in the Greek. His style is 
good. There is nothing better in the New Testament. 
He tells much concerning the doings of the apostles 
and others after the ascension. He describes each cir- 
cumstance perfectly. And so interesting are his nar- 
ratives that one never tires reading them. Acts is 
sometimes called the book of conversions. The au- 
thor gives a number of instances where both men and 
women were led to Christ. Here we are told just how 
people were converted under the earnest preaching of 
inspired men. This part of the book is a study of it- 
self. The evergreen Sunday schools will get the full 
benefit of these excellent lessons, and the course of 
study is such as to lead people to Christ. Let us pray, 
while studying this part of the Sacred Record, that the 
Holy Spirit may be permitted to impress the lessons 
on the hearts of all those seeking salvation. 

Jan. .). '9 02 

At the wedding in Cana of Galilee the best wine 
came last. This was because Jesus made it. But with 
Jesus it was the best all the while. He never 
preached a poor sermon. He made no mistake in 
any of the miracles he performed. One was just as 
well done as the other. When he made bread and fish 
for the five thousand the people had not a word of 
complaint about the food he furnished them. They 
never ate better bread and probably never tasted bet- 
ter fish. Then, his life was the highest type. His 
conversation was not only holy, but it was highly in- 
structive. As a teacher there was nothing his equal 
in all the world. And so it was with the religion he 
taught. It was the best then, and is the best yet. 
Anything that comes from the Master is the best, and 
should always be so regarded. 

*_L'-tAJli l^rOCS-ir'-iiJJlj iVUiiaSJilJ>rC3-Jiil^. 


Last Saturday the Brethren at Franklin Grove, 111., 
convened in special council, Bro. P. R. Keltner, of 
Sterling, and your Office Editor being present by in- 
vitation. Bro. Jacob Sollenberger, of Naperville, was 
also in attendance. The meeting passed off very 
pleasantly, and the business before the council was 
disposed of in a Christian spirit. Bro. C. W. Lahman, 
who had before been called to the ministry, was duly 
installed. An election was held for a deacon and the 
lot fell on Bro. Edward Knouse, who was also in- 
stalled. Both of these are promising young brethren 
and we look for them to -take an active and earnest 
part in the Lord's work. To the joy and comfort of 
many, an aged brother was restored to fellowship. 
We were with the Brethren in three other services, 
remaining until Monday morning, and found them 
very appreciative listeners. 

This is one of our strong congregations, and wields 
a good influence in the community. The large and 
commodious house happens to be a little to one side 
of the city. It was erected years ago when the ad- 
visability of placing our houses of worship in the 
center of cities and towns was not considered so im- 
portant. But if we must have houses of worship to 
one side of town, the location in this instance is an 
ideal one. Several Brethren have established com- 
fortable houses near the church, and therefore find it 
convenient to attend the services in all kinds of weath- 

We like the spirit of the members in Franklin 
Grove. They are earnest, sound in the faith, broad- 
minded, liberal in good works and aggressive. They 
have a strong body of members and we trust to hear 
of them moving out still more in the way of spreading 
the truth. Two members of the Mission Board of 
Northern Illinois and Wisconsin reside here. They 
are earnest workers in the department of labor en- 
trusted to them and are doing what they can to open 
up new missions, and also properly to sustain the 
workers in charge of the missions already started. 


We come to our readers with the initial issue of 
another volume of the Gospel Messenger. We thus 
enter upon the work of another year, the second year 
of the twentieth century. It is, however, one thing 
to begin a work of this character, but quite another 
to carry it forward and complete it in a creditable 
manner. To complete a volume of the Gospel Mes- 
senger requires fifty-two papers, each containing as 
much matter as is found in this one. This means 
thousands of articles, reports and editorials, to say 
nothing of the shorter items. To collect all this mat- 
ter from week to week, and arrange it as it should 
appear, is by no means the easiest task in the world, 
and yet it becomes somewhat natural to those who 
have been in the business for years. 

Still, we feel the great responsibility. In fact, the 
longerwe remain in the editorial chair the more keenly 
do we feel the importance of directing the Messenger 
aright. This feeling never leaves us. It is ever pres- 
ent and is almost a part of one's mental make-up. 
The minister who enters the pulpit to address a few 
hundred people feels the responsibility that is placed 

upon him. He has a message that must be delivered, 
and it must be delivered aright. The salvation of 
some soul may depend upon something that he says 
during the delivery of his message. Sometimes he 
enters upon his work trembling, and then it is that he 
prays the Father most earnestly for strength and wis- 
dom that he may perform his part aright in the sight 
of both God and saint. 

The Messenger, however, reaches its thousands. 
What we send out is read, and sometimes reread, and 
then talked about. It goes into families in every part 
of the land. It is read by parents and children, by the 
rich and the poor, by the learned and the unlearned 
as well as by those who are without. What is printed 
stands as we send it out. There is no changing it 
after the paper once leaves the press. It then enters 
upon its mission either for good or evil. Just how 
long the influence of one issue of the Messenger may 
continue the Lord only knows. But we sometimes 
hear from certain articles for years. They enter the 
human soul and there they do their work, and eternity 
will reveal the final result. When we ponder over 
these things no one need wonder that we feel the re- 
sponsibility of our work most keenly. 

But there is another way of viewing the results fol- 
lowing our efforts. The Messenger is doing more in 
the way of moulding public sentiment than any other 
factor in the fraternity. It is probably not even sec- 
ond to the schools. It both voices and emphasizes 
the sentiment of the general Brotherhood. As the 
paper advances step by step the masses of our people 
fall into line. And the paper does advance. To this 
every thinking reader can testify. It is not where it 
was fifteen years ago. It is not changing in doctrine 
or principle, but it is steadily and surely broadening in 
methods. The tone and literature of the paper are 
moving up. More work is put on the contents than 
in former years. New subjects are being discussed, 
and our readers are doing not a little thinking along 
new lines. But are we doing just the right thing in 
leading our people from step to step, from one plane to 
another and then on ? Are we doing the wisest possi- 
ble thing? Are we doing the best we can for the 
Brotherhood? Are we leading our people out in the 
right direction? Is our course pleasing to God, and 
will it end well? These are the questions that we ask 
ourselves and the readers of the Messenger as we 
enter upon the work of another volume. 

We all know that in sentiment the Brotherhood is 
broadening. But is it expanding in the right direc- 
tion ? And if not, has the Messenger, in any manner, 
aided in any movement that is not for the good of the 
cause? Or have we done all we could to counteract 
the evils that are springing up here and there? We 
have gone over these questions time and again, and 
now we are going over them another time. Our care- 
ful readers know whether we have been on the wrong 
side of the important questions that have come to the 
notice of the Fraternity. They know to what extent 
we have thrown our influence against evils, and they 
know to what extent the Messenger has aided in 
keeping the church in line with the demands of the 
Scriptures, so far as these requirements are under- 
stood by us. 

But from the start it has been the aim of the Mes- 
senger to voice the accepted principles of the church, 
and to stand in defense of the whole Gospel. And 
while doing this we have also aimed to move the paper 
up just a little higher each year. This is still our aim. 
Like Paul, we teach going on to perfection. Of 
course we shall not reach perfection in our newspaper 
experience, but we aim high, and never think of doing 
anything else but our best. This is our purpose for 
1902. Just how far we can advance the paper during 
the next twelve months we have no way of knowing. 
Our readers will know more about that at the end of 
the year. 

But we enter upon the work realizing that there are 
new issues to meet, and they must be met. We can- 
not wholly ignore them. There are obstacles to over- 
come, and we dare not turn aside from them. Every 
important interest of the Brotherhood must be kept 
before our readers. The whole Gospel must be 
taught and the accepted principles of the Brotherhood 

maintained. All of these and many more things must 
claim our attention during the year. We are here at 
the desk not only to contribute our part in the make- 
up of the paper, but to steer the paper aright. All 
this requires work, patience, wisdom and experience. 
Our purpose is clear. But how well we shall succeed, 
the Master alone knows. We have relied upon him in 
the past to strengthen and guide us, and now we go 
to him again. He has stood by us in our work lo 
these many years, and we have endeavored, as a trusty 
watchman, to give no uncertain sound, but to make of 
the Messenger just such a paper as is pleasing to the 
Master. We ask our readers to pray for us, that the 
Lord may stand by the work, and help all of us to 
make the paper for 1902 better than for any year in 
the past. 


Inquiry is sometimes made as to the Smyrna Mis- 
sion. It is to be regretted that the conditions in Tur- 
key make it almost impossible to carry on the work at 
Smyrna. It was the intention to send an American 
brother there, but it now seems that all naturalized 
Americans are to be expelled from Turkey. The fol- 
lowing correspondence will show the intentions of 
Abdul Hamid : 

Constantinople, Dfx. 22. — Replying to the protest of the 
United States charge d'affaires here, Spencer Eddy, against 
the notification issued by the authorities of Beyront, Syria, to 
the effect that naturalized American citizens must renounce 
their naturalization within fifteen days, under penalty of being 
expelled from Turkey, the Turkish foreign minister, Tewfik 
Pasha, denied all knowledge of the matter, but promised to 
inquire into it and give Mr. Eddy a definite reply on Monday. 

WASHINGTON, Dec. 23.— The State Department confirms 
the report that Mr. Eddy, our charge at Constantinople, is in 
correspondence with the Porte relative to the proposed ex- 
pulsion of naturalized American citizens from Turkey unless 
these citizens abandon their allegiance to the United States. 

Owing to the absence of a naturalization treaty between the 
United States and Turkey, our government has no special 
authority to interfere in behalf of these naturalized citizens as 
against an edict of expulsion. 

If this purpose of the Sultan is carried out there 
will be a general exodus of naturalized Americans 
from Turkey, as no one would willingly exchange 
allegiance from our government for that of the Porte. 


Many people do not seem to understand what it 
means to be diligent in the Master's work. They join 
the church, attend the services when they feel like it. 
are usually present at the love feasts, pay a small 
amount of money to keep up the church expenses, and 
a still smaller amount for carrying the Gospel to oth- 
ers, but never think of putting forth any special effort 
for the advancing of the cause. Their highest con- 
ception of the Christian life is to live right as long as 
they can and then die in peace and go to heaven. They 
have no idea of going into the Master's vineyard and 
working. They are not lazy, are quite willing to work, 
but want to work for self. Ask them to see a sick 
friend, and they excuse themselves by saying they are 
too busy. If some work is to be done at the church 
others must do it ; they do not have time. They do not 
have time to come to meeting very often, and of course 
do not ask anybody else to come. If their business 
requires it they can be up and out at their work before 
daylight, but nothing in religion can induce them to 
put forth such an effort on Sunday morning. In sec- 
ular matters they can rush things from Monday morn- 
ing until Saturday night without any special concern 
for the Lord's work. Such members should make a 
change. They certainly know that if the whole church 
were made up of people like themselves it would soon 
go to pieces. We do not mean that they must be less 
enterprising, for that would mean failure in business, 
but they should be as diligent about the Lord's business 
as they are about their own. If work must be neg- 
lected, let them neglect a little of their own now and 
then in order to do more for the Lord. But above all 
do not neglect the things pertaining to the 
's kingdom. Be diligent in the work of the Lord. 


There is so much to 

do and so few to do it. 


Jan. 4, 1902 


Is Palestine to be redeemed for the Jews ? This sub- 
ject is ablv and fully discussed in Frank Leslie's Pop- 
ulur Monthly for December. It is also considered at 
some length in the November issue of 77ic Home Mag- 

All the world is now looking to Palestine as never 
before. In the course of a year it is visited by hun- 
dreds of tourists, to say nothing of the thousands of 
pilgrims from various parts of Asia and Europe. 
These tourists come from all parts of the civilized 

Most of them are Bible students ; people who believe 
in the Scriptures and have made the" Bible lands a 
study. Not a few arc writers, and take great pains 
to "ive extended accounts of their travels in the differ- 
ent papers for which they contribute. 

In this war the reading public becomes quite famil- 
iar with the country, so far as it can be learned from 
books and newspaper articles. 

There is hardly a C hristian denomination that is not 
represented among the travelers who see more or less 
of Palestine. Not less than thirteen of our own peo- 
ple have visited Jerusalem, and several of them have 
ridden over the country from Damascus on the north 
to Hebron on the south. 

In the Messenger the country has been written up 
a half dozen times, and now it is being written up 
again. In fact this has been done so fully that our 
readers seem to know almost as much about Palestine 
as they do about most parts of the United States. 

Each year the reading public is favored with one or 
more new books on the Holy Land, each person writ- 
ing up the country as he sees it. Some of these vol- 
umes are well illustrated, and this enables the reader 
to get a better understanding of what is said of the 
country and the people. 

The kodak is doing a good work for Palestine. It 
always tells the truth just as it finds it, and the people 
have learned to depend upon what is in this way pre- 
sented. Bv the use of the magic lantern these photo- 
graphs have been shown to thousands upon thousands 
of people. In fact there never was a time in the 
world's history when the masses had an opportunity of 
knowing so much about the Promised Land. 

And now the leading magazines are taking up the 
subject. They employ not only good writers, but also 
good artists, and what is published is usually well and 
correctly illustrated. 

But there are other forces at work, and these are 
giving rise to movements that are watched and studied 
by thinking men in all parts of the world. We refer 
first to the Zionist undertaking. 

The purpose of this scheme is to purchase Palestine 
and make of it a home for the Jews. It is said that 
Palestine is without a people and the Jews are without 
a country of their own, and why not bring the two 
together ? 

At the head of this movement is Dr. Herzl, a wealthy 
and influential Jew. Behind him are millions of dol- 
lars. He is negotiating with the Sultan of Turkey 
for the purchase of Palestine. He has been favored 
with several interviews with the Sultan, and on each 
occasion was received with marked attention. 

What passed between the two of course no one 
knows, nor will it be known until an agreement has 
been reached. The Sultan needs money, and the Jews 
have it. When the opportune moment comes it is 
thought that there will be little difficulty about procur- 
ing the needed funds. 

At the beginning Dr. Herzl stood almost alone, but 
one by one leading and wealthy Jews are coming to his 

something of importance may 

i'ti* Kamrr (Mil f s\r1 ll 

aid, until it seems that soineuiing 01 m, ; 
yet result from the efforts being- put forth 

The Doctor, with others, believes that there are great 
possibilities in Palestine. The land is well located. 
The Suez canal renders it easy of access from all parts 
of the world. It lacks a good harbor, but this can be 
supplied at some point along the Mediterranean coast. 

It has a fine climate, very much like the climate in 
northern and middle Florida. Some of the finest and 
most fertile plains in the world are to be found in 
Palestine. The Jordan valley can be made as produc- 
tive as the great Nile valley of Egypt. This immense 
valley has an abundance of water for irrigation. It 
only needs to be intelligently directed. 

At present the whole country seems desolate and 
forsaken. But the soil is yet there. Around the hills 
the thousands of terraces need to be watered as in 
days of old. Trees and vines may then be planted, 
and the face of the entire land changed in appearance. 

The upper Jordan can furnish power enough to light 
up the entire land with electricity, and run scores of 
electric cars besides. In the more elevated parts of 
the country there is a lack of water, but this can be 
supplied in great abundance, as it was in the time of 
Israel's great prosperity. 

Stone can be had m great abundance for buildings 
of every needed class. Stone could be used for fences 
as well as for macadamizing the roads. 

Already there are two railroads in Palestine and oth- 
ers are in contemplation. Even the Tttrks think of 
building a road from Damascus south to Mecca, dis- 
tance several hundred miles. This will open up a 
fine country east of the river Jordan. 

Then there is talk of running a line from Damascus 
east to the Euphrates river, and then south to the Per- 
sian Gulf. This is a scheme in which the Germans 
are greatly interested. All of these things mean some- 
thing, and they are putting a great many people to 

Already there are a number of Jewish colonies in 
different parts of Palestine, and some of them will soon 
be self-supporting. At present these colonies repres?nt 
fully five thousand people. They are demonstrating to 
some extent what can be done with the soil of that 

There is something remarkable about the soil of 
Palestine. The ground has been tilled for thousands 
of years, and still it is wonderfully productive. All 
it needs is intelligent handling, and then the whole 
country will blossom as the rose. 

Jerusalem is fast building up. It has long since out- 
grown its old walls. In fact, the best built and the 
most desirable part of the city is without the walls. 
Mission and educational institutions are finding their 
way into the city, and in a measure they are moulding 
sentiment for the better. 

Modern stores are being opened up. Good hotels 
are multiplying. The city is becoming a place of traf- 
fic as well as a desirable stopping place for the tour- 
ists. Here the Bible student lingers and studies 
the Word of God with a feeling that can be realized 
at no other spot beneath the sun. Here the merchants 
of the unchangeable East meet with the live and wide- 
awake merchants of the West. Their goods are side 
by side and present a contrast that is both interesting 
and instructive. 

At present the population is made up largely of 
Jews. There are several thousand Christians and a 
few thousand Mohammedans. The Jewish and Chris- 
tian population is on' the increase. They are gaining 
in influence, and are helping to make Jerusalem a 
modern city, with all necessary conveniences for com- 
fort and health. 

It lacks water, but this is being supplied. The old 
aqueduct constructed by Solomon is to be fully re- 
stored, and then there will be an abundance of water 
for all purposes. There is not another city on the 
eastern continent that is better situated for perfect 
drainage. Plenty of water and enterprise will settle 

Besides, the city has plenty of room for growing. 
It can reach out to the north as well as to the west 
and south. Then it can climb to the summit of the 
Mount of Olives on the east. Here some most de- 
sirable residence sites, overlooking the entire city and 
country, may be had. 

Jerusalem is easy of access from every part of the 
world. On a steamer one can pass into the great Med- 
iterranean, land at Jaffa, thirty-five miles west of Jeru- 
salem, and then go by rail to the Holy City. Ere long 
hundreds of the more devout tourists will arrange to 
spend their winters in Jerusalem and other parts of 
Palestine, instead of in Egypt and Italy. 

Should the weather at Jerusalem happen to be a lit- 
tle cool in midwinter, they can drive down to the Jor- 
dan valley, distance only eighteen miles by carriage, 
where they will find a climate as mild and as delight- 
ful as the most favored parts of Florida or southern 

In time the city of the great King will be the resort 
of hundreds of Bible students. They will come here 
to study the Scriptures with the mountains of Jeru- 
salem round about them, and thus will gather inspira- 
tion from the sacred environments. 

Well, all of these things and even more are in the air. 
They are being discussed, and something is to come 
out of them. The Messenger is watching every 
movement and will take pleasure in keeping our read- 
ers posted. The Bible student seems to behold the 
hand of God and the signs of prophecy in these surface 
movements, and it is no more than proper that we 
should study them as we see the day of the Lord ap- 


Does it require two-thirds of the votes cast to elect a minis- 
ter?— R. M. C. 

It requires a plurality only. If at an election for a 
minister a half dozen are voted for, the one receiving 
the most votes is the one elected. Repeated efforts to 
change this rule have been made from time to time, 
but the efforts did not meet with success. 

In our communion services why do we all stand while giving 
thanks for the loaf and cup, and not do the same when thanks 
are given for the supper.— B. M. 

In some way we have been led to regard the com- 
munion as the more important of the three ordinances 
that are associated in the love feast exercises. This 
special regard is shown in all rising when thanks are 
given for the loaf and cup. The supper is treated in a 
manner that is more common — hence the sitting pos- 
ture while but one stands and gives thanks. The 
Messenger is not saying that one institution is more 
important than another. We simply give the condi- 
tions as they exist in the minds of people. 

Was the Christ born under an apple tree (Songs of Solomon 
8: s) and then laid in a manger? — F. C, 

When born Jesus was laid in a manger. What is 
said in Songs of Solomon about the apple tree is em- 
blematic of love. The one there referred to was raised 
up under the outspreading branches of love. Parental 
love is here compared to a tree, even to an apple tree, 
the emblem of love. 

Why is there no direct mention made of tobacco in the Bi- 
ble?—^ A. B t 

Tobacco is a native of America and was wholly un- 
known to the writers of the Bible. When the Span- 
iards discovered America they found the plant in use 
among the Indians. From them the white man learned 
to chew and smoke, and then introduced the habit into 
European countries. The habit spread rapidly. It is 
one of the most injurious and expensive habits that 
has fallen to the lot of man. 

Jan, 4. I 9 02 


General Missionary 

...Tract Department 

one do towards bringing about this new order 
of consecration? Don't look at Bro. A or Sis- 
ter B as beine better able; look at self to see 
what " 1 " can do for the Lord this new year. 


D L Miller, Illinois I H.C.Early, Virginia 

LW. Teeter, Indiana I A. B, Barnhart, Md 

John Zuck, Iowa 

£|^-Addrcss all business ti 
ami Tract Committee, Elgii 

Geuer&l MlBBloDary 


To consecrate is to set apart, and especially 
set apart as holy and for the Lord. Among 
idol worshipers there is nothing more promi- 
nent in their lives than the consecration, or 
setting apart as holy, of certain parts nf service 
and goods for their gods. It is a part of man 
to do this, and the puzzle of it is that when 
man accepts the true worship of the Father in- 
stead of a false worship he too often loses in 
his consecration. 

This should not be. If heathen were willing 
in times past to walk barefooted over sharp 
spikes; to permit the wheels of the carts of 
their gods to grind them to pieces in their de- 
votions to him; to offer their own offspring to 
the fiery arms or the watery grave of their gods, 
why should Christians be less lax in their en- 
thusiasm to sacrifice, to consecrate to the serv- 
ice of the true and living God, and that in 
ways less revolting and painful? 

And then among those who profesB Christ 
what a difference in consecration. There is 
the Salvation Army with her rank and file go> 
ing into the depths of human misery where the 
average church will not think to tread. They 
lift up man and woman to respectability — 
they mingle among sinners to save them, and 
they are doing a work unique and commend- 

The question presses itself forcibly, "Why 
can the Salvation Army get its soldiers to fight 
the battles for God they do, when no other or- 
ganization seems to succeed in that line?" A 
convert to-night, to-morrow the uniform on, 
bearing the scoffs and sneers of the street, sell- 
ing their " church paper "the War Cry,— thus 
men and women, old and young accept Christ 
in the Salvation Army and go right to work for 
the cause. This is no overdrawn picture. He 
who has kept in touch with the Army's move- 
ments knows how their sisters in uniform trav- 
el the streets of our cities alone, selling the 
War Cry and inviting people to church. 
What is the pay? The few pennies given 
them to pay for the morsel of bread, and a 
very ordinary place to sleep, — AND THE 
Compare that with the army of workers in 
the Brethren church, and what does it show? 
How many member* are idle in the Lord! 
How many young members in the same spirit 
of consecration have started out to do some 
work for the Lord and have been " called 
down " by some older one by saying, " You 're 
too fast," or, "You put yourself forward too 
much." Of course such words ought never to 
hurt the consecrated one, neither should they 
have been said by one older in years in the 

Now and then is heard the prophecy of 
"failure" applied to the Brethren's city mis- 
sions'. Perhaps they will fail,— the just result 
of the degree of interest which the church as a 
body puts in the work. It is not God's will 
they should fail; that is sure. 

What would be the result in one year if, ris- 
ing out of the rank and file of the church, 
would come a band of consecrated ones say- 
ing, " I go to the city,— I go to the country, I 
go to the dark parts of the earth to invite the 
lame, the halt, the blind to repentance. I shall 
trust him for my bed and board, and I am will- 
ing to suffer and die that his name may be 
honored and the good news proclaimed "? 

Such an army made up of less than one-half 
the young membership of the church would 
"turn the world upside down " in a very short 

^ Over and over is heard " Amen " to that sen- 
timent. The new year is here, — what will each 



In contemplating Japan as a mission field 
the fact should not be overlooked that one 
great barrier to the work common to most 
heathen countries is almost entirely removed 
there. It is the need of the medical mission- 
ary. It is natural everywhere for the heathen 
to associate the cause of sickness with angry 
gods, and expect their aid to get well. Super- 
stitious practices are almost universal, and such 
rare articles, and curious, as rhinoceros' horns 
and tigers' bair and teeth are thought to have 
healing properties. The heathen doctors 
mostly quacks, and in China every scholar is 
supposed to be able to practice medicine, with 
the knowledge obtained from prescriptions 
handed down from father to son. 

Then when the native has been induced to 
destroy his idols and abandon superstitions, 
and gets sick, it is natural the old heathen 
thought should trouble him that perhaps his 
former gods are angry, and to look for help to 
the superstitious practices once employed. It 
is here that the medical missionary employs his 
skill in the healing art and prevents the weak 
babe in Christ from returning to idolatry, In 
instances of this kind, as well as in first gain- 
ing the confidence of natives through curing 
disease, the medical missionary is one of the 
necessities in most heathen countries. But 
that Japan has almost passed that stage in 
civilization is shown by the following quotation 
from The Missionary Outlook: 

At the present time there is not the need of 
medical missionaries in Japan that there is in 
other fields. The Imperial University was es- 
tablished iu Tokyo in 1S72. From that time 
Japan has been training her own physicians. 
Every year she sends abroad graduates in 
medicine as well as graduates in law, literature, 
science, engineering, etc., to prosecute their re- 
searches in the best universitiesof America and 
Europe, and come back fully equipped to lec- 
ture to students in the universities and higher 
institutions of learning in the various depart- 
ments in which they have specialized. More- 
over, in the general hospital in Tokyo, and in 
the medical colleges, German surgeons and 
physicals are employed. In this way the need 
of the people for skilled medical advisers and 
attendants is being met in away that few, twen- 
ty-five years ago, would have believed possi- 

Warrensburg, Mo. 



Mr. Douglas Green, superintendent of 
the branch hose of the London Bible Society, 
who is making a tour of Gugerat in the interest 
of spreading the Word of God, stopped with us 
one day this week and gave a talk to the 
phan boys and native Christians in the inter- 
est of the work of his hand. 

—This week closes my stay of eighteen days 
with Brother and Sister Forney. To-morrow I 
go back to Bulsar to resume my work among 
the boys and girls there. 

—This is a pleasant and healthful place and 
my stay here has been most enjoyable, as well 
as helping the heathen to a knowledge of the 
light. We owe a duty to each other in carine 
for the sick ones among our own band who are 
stricken down from time to time. Both Sistei 
Forney and the baby are getting along encour 
agingly. Little Catharine, -"bo has been ill for 
a long time, still continues to suffer from boils 
and bowel trouble. We trust she may soon be 
restored to her usual health. 

—The boys in the Orphanage here look well 
and strong and seem happy and contented. 
They are all busy and go about their work as 
though it was a pleasure to them. In school 
they are advancing »itb their studies under 
the instruction of their efficient teacher Tellu- 

—This morning a shower of Gugerati leUers 
from the Bulsar children was thrown upon me 
by our postman. To read them all will take 
more time than I can put to them these days, 
as reading the written vernacular language re- 
quires an expert. 

— Some evenings ago lour runaway boy 3 
from some orphanage came and stood at our 
gate. They did not come in until we invited 
them. They told us they were from Bombay 
and had worked their way up country so far, 
hut wanted to go to Nandod. When we talked 
with them they wept bitterly and begged not to 
be sent back toBorabav. We questioned them 
as to who their "Papa "or" Mamma "might be, 
but they feigned to know nothing. We knew 
by their clothes they were mission boys, They 
did not want to stay with us, as we spoke Gu- 
gerati and they Hindustani, As they wept we 
could not help thinking of the " prodigal son." 
ut, unlike the prodigal, these boys did not 
■ant to go back to the place where they had all 
they needed and to spare. The next morning 
they went. We did not insist on their staying, 
because runaway boys are not a good thing 
among a lot of contented ones. In a few days 
two returned, begging to stay, saying they had 
gotten as far as Sural, and tired and hungry 
came back. They are still here and seem con 
tented. We later learned they were from the 
Vanguard mission which is in charge of Mr. 
Shermau. He has written about them and will 
likely be after them in a few days. These boys 
in the Orphanages, and girls, too, sometimes 
think they are having a hard time of it. They 
foreet about the condition in which they were 
rescuedaud the labor to save them and all that, 
in their desire to go to "some better place," 
They run away, but are not out long until their 
rrow begins. Some return repentant like the 
prodigal, others too much ashamed, face the 
world as tramps and often have a hard lime of 
If they only could realize the good they re- 
ceive by being contented and happy, they 
would save themselves much pain and their 
"Saheb" much anxiety, 

— This week one morning a sepoy (soldier) 
came to the door announcing that our two vil- 
lage preachers had been arrested and were giv- 
en into the hands of the judge. The news did 
not alarm us, aB we knew it only came because 
someone was objecting to what they said. Bro, 
Forney went to sec about the affair. In the 
meantime and before Bro. Forney reached the 
village they had been released by the juHg 
who said, "Go about your work, and if any 
help is needed I am ready to assist you." We 
felt glad for such a release and such a testi 
y. This judge, we know, looks upon Chris- 
tianity favorably. 

Lellu and Salona, the overseer and his 
:, of the Orphanage, are about to take a 
month's leave to visit Salona's parents whom 
they have not seen for four years. They will 
be missed much, as they have been the right- 
hand people ever since the Orphanage was 

—We have had letters from Aden and Port 
Said saying that Bro. Stover's were having a 
comparatively pleasant voyage. But in parts 
of the Red Sea they founH it very hot. This 
week we hope to hear from them on the coast 
of Italy. If all has gone well, they must be i 
America by this time. May God bless thci 
sojourn there with much good, both for the 
work here and there. 

—Two men are out in the villages rounda- 
bout selling gospels. They have fairly good 
success. Some people' seem anxious to know 
the " old story " which to them is so new. By 
reading they can not help but learn of the Christ 
that saved them. Oh, that the truths may take 
the heart of each purchaser in such a way that 
he may be converted from ignorance and super- 
stition to a wise and free man in Christ Jesus! 

—Daily women with large bundles of grass 
come to the door to sell. They always ask for 
it about double what they should have. You 
offer them two pici for what they ask four. 
They act as though they were angry, say, 
"Come on," and turn away rapidly. Many 
times they no more than reach the gate when 
they turn about and ask Saheb to take it for 
the two pici. If tbey receive an affirmative re- 
ply they re'urn and leave the grass and take 
the pici without any more words. 

—Saturday Sister Ebey came up with little 
Ruth who bad been staying at Bulsar for a 
week or more. She seemed happy to be home 
again, as she had never been away so long be- 
Jalalpur, India, Nov. 15. 

last year, I can say that, so far a3 heard from, 
five have been baptized and nearly all the oth- 
ers express themselves as pleased with the pa- 
per. One man whose wife was baptized in 
June once said it was very good for kindling. 
Several said they intended to subscribe for it 
as soon as they could. A few found fault be- 
cause it censured tobacco using. We are 
very thankful for the help it has been to us in 
our District, and hope it may in the future, 
as in the past, be a fearless expounder of the 
truthsof the Gospel, and expose error wherever 

Mission Board of Nebraska as it now stands: 
S. M. Forney, Clerk, M. B. of Nebraska, Box 
194, Kearney, C, J. Lichty, Chairman, Daven- 
port Nebr.; A, J. Nickey, Treasurer, Juniata, 

Dec. /p. 


Bv Elizabeth D. Rosenbbri 


For Week Ending Jan. 11. 


, Winnin; 

And let Mr 

; souls for Jesus, 
thnt henreth say, Come.- 

References, John 1:37-46; John 1: 16; Matt. 
11:28; John 7:37; Numbers 10:29; iBaiah 2: 5; 
Jer. 1: 5; 2 Cor. 6: 17; Luke 14: 17-21. 

Have you said " Come " to any sinner? The 
text does not say that if you are a practical 
worker, or if you have a special gift with 
spech or pen, or if you have been many years 
in his service, but only, Have you heard the 
sweet call of Jesus? Then say " Come." 

You have a special opportunity, during the 
series oi meetings in your church, to ask souls 
to come to Jesus. In this way you help your 
minister, and God will bring about a revival. 

You are to say " Come." We may exercise 
a general good influence, we may give time 
and money to the cause, but we must also in- 
vite sinners. 

To whom shall we say " Come " 

" Brothers, aialers, do not watt, 

Speak lor him who sneaks to touI 
Wheroloru should you hesitate/ 

This is no gront thing lo do, 
Jesus only bids you any 
• Comet' and will you not obey?" 

To all na 



IN behalf of those who have read the six 
months missionary Gospel Messenger in the 



Number Five. -Count Zinzendorf. 

Dit. Francke, the head of the Pietist move- 
ment in Germany, was the active factor in 
much of the aggressive religious movements in 
the f-arly part of the eighteenth century, Both 
Zicgenbalg anH Schwartz had been under his 
training, and much of the religious thought of 
those days received the impress of his godly 

Count Zinzendorf is no exception to this con- 
nection, for at the age of ten years we find him 
under the influence of this gifted teacher, 
whose ideas took firm root in the plastic mold 
of his being, the seed of truth sprang up and 
grew, and a life was given that wielded a wider 
influence than even that of his learned precep- 

Nicholas Ludwig, Count of Zinzendorf Pot- 
tendorf, was born May 26, 1700, at Dresden, 
Germany. That he should partake of Pietist 
principles early in life was not strange, for 
Philipp Jacob Spener, founder of the Pietist 
sect, was his godfather, and his early education 
was directed by his pious grandmother, Cath- 
erine von Gersdorf, a saintly mother in Israel. 
That his religious impressions came to him ear- 
ly in life is attested from the fact that when but 
four years of age he made this covenant: " Be 
thou mine, dear Savior, and I will be thine." 
The living impulse of his life seemed to be 
bound up in the famous saying of his: " I have 
one passion, and that is to preach the eternal 
divinity of Jesus, which is him and him alone." 
His strong point seemed to be in his organiz- 
ing ability. In his early school days he gath- 
ered around him some fellow-students under 
the name of " The Order of the Grain of Mus- 
tard Seed," for the purpose of strengthening 
their social devotions Their badge was a ring 
engraved with the words, " None of us liveth 
unto himself." 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

*T *fr* tti O^jfcS.fcr'JjLJX-, Jidl^tJBS-EJJiTCa-fiJiC. 

Jan. 4, 1902 


Mission Report for Week Ending 
Dec. 28, 1901. 

[Money donated to this fund will be used at home or 
abroad as necessity demands it. This und Is on the 
true basis. -to be used where needed, and it is hoped that 
it will be well supported. Interest on endowments, not 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under this 

Previously reported, in, 106 03 

Ind.— Solomon's Creek cong.. $21; Nappance 
cotig., $10.30; Sarah Stump, Ligonicr, 55; J- L- 
Minoich. Eaton. S3i Jas. K. Cline, Ma.rkle.S6;" 
Frank Fisher. Mexico, fi.50; S. N. Replogle. 
Hagerstown, S3; John S. Kouffman, Ayr. 50 
cents; Sam'! D. and Liua N. Stoner, Ladoga, 

$25; total J* *> 

III.— Waddams Grove cong., S15.2S; Dan'l 
Barrick Byron, Si.6o; Napcrvillc Sunday school, 
In .67; D. R. and S. M. Price. Oregon. Ss; Win. 
Gaffin, Mt, Morris, (b; J. C. Lampia, Mt. Mor- 
ris, t$, E P. Trosile. Mt. Morris. S5; J- H. 
Moore. Elgin.; W. E. Trostle. Stratford, 

Si 20; total '■ 

Ohio.— A brother, Hattville, $2; Lower Still- 
water cong.. <I5 -43; a brother and sister, Wil- 
liamstown $8; Geo. A. Hall, Delta, Si. 20: Wm. 
Klepinger, Dayton, S.l; J. \ . Hepner. Sr„ Johns- 
ville, Si; Abs. and Mary Bsshor.Trotwood, Sio; 

total, 4003 

Md.— Broadfording cong. $W.a5; Welshum 
cong., $11.60; Jonas F. Flook, Broadrun, $i.ia: 

total *4 °S 

Iowa.— S. I. Long, South English. S$. Abbie 
Miller, Waterloo, J5: Peter Delp. Conrad, S6; 

total I0 °° 

Mo.— Kidder cong,.. I0 °° 

Pa.— I. N. H. Beahm. Elizabethtown, (1 So; 
S. S. Lint. Hooversville, So; S. Bnskey. Garrett. 

S1.S0; total, 9 00 

Okla.— Cornelius Lcilke, Shelby b 00 

N. DAK.-Mrs. Parnet Poltenger, Si; Jos. 
Burkholder. Ellison, S$; Mr. and Mrs. C. A. 

Culp. North Rockford, $2; total 8 00 

TRXAS— Saginaw cong 2 55 

Kans— Altamont Sunday school 1 80 

Va.— W. T. Pursley, Saltpetre, 20 cents; J. M. 
Garber. Knightly. Si. 20; total ' i° 

Total lor year beginning April. 901 Jn.354 68 


Previously reported *'74 V 

Ohio.— A brother, Hartville 1 00 

Total lor year beginning April, 1901 $175 57 

Previously reported, S764 89 

Ohio.— A brother. Hartville, Si; Sist.-r Bun- 
tain's Sunday-school class, Salem Sunday school, 
S0.75; Lick Creek cong, S6.37, total 17 12 

Pa.-J. W. Fyock's class, Johnstown, 37.50; D. 
F. Deaner, Springhope. SS; total 12 50 

III.— Some boys ard girls in Milmine Sunday 
school 12 25 

N. DAK— Jacob. Ernest. Dallas and Vera Burk- 
holder, Ellison, S1.S0; Union Sunday school, S3; 
total 4 So 

Iowa.— } u 
day school.. 

s ol Pleasant Prairie Sun- 

Kans.— Maple Grove cong., 

Total lor year beginning April, 1001 S83 

Previously reported $U 

W. Va.— Collected by Mary B. Arnold, Burling- 

ton, 60 

PA.-CoUected by S. P. Keim. St. Peters 1 c 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 S175 c 


Previously reported I285 c. 

Kans.— Mcpherson cong ;i 1 

Ind.— Sarah A. Stump 10 c 

Mich.— Class "■ o 2 in Thornapple cong., q t 

Va— A aster, Offley S c 

Ohio.— A brother, Hartville. 1 c 

Total for year beginning April, 1001 J383 1 

Grn. Miss, and Tract Com 

From Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from 
a lar country." 

St. Francis. — We met in quarterly council 
Dec. 26. Business was disposed of in a Chris- 
tian manner. Church officers were elected: 
church trustees, brethren Jacob Miller and 
Geo. Morris. The writer was re-elected church 
corresponding clerk. Sunday school was re- 
organized: superintendent, J. C. Osborn; assist- 
ant, Jacob Miller. At the close of uur meeting 
Eld. J. H. Nehcr gave ub some good admoni- 
tion.— D. L. Burns, Palestine, Ark,, Dec. 27. 


Bangor.— Bro. S. G. Lehmer, of Los Ange- 
les, came to us Dec. 3 and began a series of 
meetings. He gave us thirteen soul-reviving 
sermons. The people gave good attention to 
the words spoken. We use the Brethren Hym- 
nal for our singing. We are willing to corre- 
spond with anyone that would like to come and 
help us in the Lord's vineyard.—/. A. Bickett, 
Dec. 17. 

Colton.— Three precious souls were baptized 
last Sunday at this place. We are much en- 
couraged. Our attendance at all services is in- 
creasing. The appointment at West Rialto is 
very promising. Bro. S. E. Yundt, our elder, 
was with us over last Sunday, preaching morn- 
ing and evening. He will conduct our series of 
meetings beginning Feb. g, with love feast Feb, 
15 instead of Feb. 22, as stated in our last re- 
port.—/. Overholtser, Dec. 23. 

Covina congregation held their Christmas 
services at the Glendora house. Bro. A. M. 
White preached a soul -cheering and faith- 
strengthening sermon, followed by Eld. J. W. 
Trostle. We are now enjoying a present and 
active faith and are urged to be more faithful 
and diligent than ever before. — D,A, Norcross, 
Glendora, Cal., Dec. 25. 

Inglewood.— Bro. Edmund Forney was with 
us snd preached for us Saturday evening and 
Sunday morning. Sister Susie Forney gave 
the Sunday school a talk on the work being 
done in Chicago. Their labor among us was 
very much appreciated. A collection of 55 
was taken to send to the Chicago mission. — Lot- 
tie E. Neher, Dec. 17. 


Grand Valley church had a very pleasant 
meeting on Thanksgiving day at their church. 
Bro, John Crist, of Paola, Kans., was with us 
and preached a very interesting sermon. In 
the evening we took up a collection for the 
general missionary fund wbich resulted in 
raising one do' lar and forty-five cents. A few 
days ago we bad the pleasure of having with 
us Bro. Henry Harnish and Bro. Jacob Rohrer, 
of Mt. Carroll, III. They were well pleased 
with our pleasant valley and may locate here 
in the future. — D. M. Click, Grand Junction, 
Colo., Dec. 24.. 


Mllledgeville. — On the evening of Dec. o, I 
began a meeting with the earnest band of 
workers at Shannon, H], Owing to the ex- 
treme cold we closed at the end of one week. 
Last Sunday a full house greeted us at the 
Milledgeville church. To-day our Christmas 
services will be a children's meeting. — T. S. 
Fike, Dec. 25. 

Mulberry Grove.— Since my last report our 
n'imber has been increased by one addition by 
baptism and one reclaimed. — N. E. Lilligh, 
Dec. 27. 

Pine Creek. — Our regular quarterly council 
was held at the Pine Creek churchhouse Dec. 

19. Our elder, Bro. John Heckman, presided. 
Business was disposed of in a Christian spirit. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year. The undersigned was elected 
church correspondent. — Grace G. Price, Dec. 

Greentown.— Bro. Isaac Keys, of Fowler- 
town, Ind., was with us for a week. The at- 
tendance was not large, but good interest was 
manifested. Our church met in council Dec. 

20. Business was disposed of very satisfacto- 
rily. We have decided to continue our Sunday 
school through the winter,— Henry Lorenz, R. 
F. D. No. 2, Kokomo, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Laporte. — Bro. Silas Eversole, from Ply- 
mouth, Ind., commenced a series of meetings 
Dec. 22 at the Ross churchhouse. Bro. Archi- 
bald Van Dyke was also with us. The congre- 
gations are small, but a good interest is mani- 
fested. Dec. 23 Bro. McKeever, who has been 
sick for some time, asked to be anointed, and 
Eld. Van Dyke and Bro. Eversole did the work 
the following day. — Susie Merchant, Dec. 25. 

riiddle Fork —We held our quarterly coun- 
cil Dec. 26, Eld. David Dilling was with us. 
Two letters were granted. D, D. Hufferd and 
A. C. Metzger were elected superintendents 
for Pleasant View Sunday school. A request 
for a Bible class at New Hope is granted. 
Bro. J. L. Hazlett will teach the class. A re- 
quest for a Sunday school at New Hope was 
also granted.—^ John E. Metzger, R. R. No. 1, 
Rossville, Ind.. Dec, 28. 

fluncie. — Our series of meetings closed Dec. 
16. Eld. L. T. Holsinger, of Pyrmont, Ind., 
did the preaching. His sermons were well re- 
ceived. The inclement weather militated 
against our meetings. There are many hin- 
drances in the city work that are not found in 
the country. We earnestly desire the prayers 
of all of God's faithful children. We use the 
new Hymnal and are well pleased with it. It 
is evidently an ideal song book,— Geo. L.Stude- 
baker, Dec. 17. 

Roann. — Bro. J. R. Miller came Dec. 6 and 
held a very interesting series of meetings at 
our Enterprise house, which closed last night. 
Owing to inclemency of weather the attendance 
was not large. We are expecting Bro. D. 
Hodgden to preach for us at the brick church, 
commencing Jan. 8. — Sylvia L. Cripe.Dec.23. 

Santa Fe church met in regular council to- 
day. All business was disposed of in a Chris- 
tian manner. Our elder, David Wolf, presid- 
ed, One member was received by letter. Few 
were present. Church decided to use the new 
Hymn Book. Sunday-school officers elected: 
Wm. Boon, N. W. Trissler.— Dossie M. Webb, 
McGrawsville, Ind., Dec. ig. 

Union church met in council Dec. 14. The 
weather being very cold, we were few in num- 
ber. All business was transacted in a Chris- 
tian manner, Our collection taken at the 
Thanksgiving meeting was liberal and was 
given to the Chicago mission.— Dora A. Hen- 
ricks, R. R. No. 2, Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Upper Fall Creek.— Our quarterly council 
was held Dec. 21, with Eld. D. F, Hoover in 
charge. On account of the extremely cold 
weather a "ery small number were present. 
All business passed off pleasantly, The writer 
was chosen corresponding secretary for one 
year. We are contemplating a series of meet- 
ings sometime in January, with Eld, L. W. 
Teeter, of Hagerstown, Ind„ to do the preach- 
ing. — L. H. Mitchell, Middletown, Ind., Dec. 


Des Moines Valley.— Dec. 8 we began a 
series of meetings, conducted by our home 
ministers, and continued until Dec. 22. The 
meetings were a glorious feast to the soul. — 
Sara G. Smith, Ankeney, Iowa, Dec. 23. 

Prlmghar.— Dec. 12 Brother D. H. and Sis- 
ter Martha Keller began a very interesting 
series of meetings, which closed Dec. 22. On 
account of the cold weather the attendance 
was not so good. — Meda L. Rabbins, Dec. 23. 


Altamont. — We met in regular council Dec. 
21. Our elder, W. B. Sell, of Fredonia, was 
with us. Much business was disposed of in 
peace and harmony. We elected our Sunday- 
school officers for the ensuing six months. 
The writer was re-elected superintendent and 
Bro. Ed. Pefly assistant. Our school is ever- 
green. By unanimous vote the name of our 
congregation was changed from Labette to Al- 
tamont. From now on we will be known as 
the " Altamont congregation." We have a 
good country and are very desirous of Breth- 
ren's families coming among us. All questions 
written to the undersigned will be cheerfully 
answered. Let us hear from those desiring a 
change of location, — H.J. Trapp, Dec. 24. 

Cottonwood. — Bro. Salem Beery came to 
us Dec. 7 and labored until Dec. 26. Three 
precious souls were received by baptism and 
four returned to the fold. The members are 
much encouraged. Prayer meetings at the 
homes each afternoon were a great help in the 
work. — E. B Sargent, Dunlap, Kans., Dec. 28. 

Morrill. — We are here in what bids fair to 
be a spiritual awakening. Through this very 
cold week the interest was good. Id our last 
meeting we preached eight sermons in succes 
sion on the Holy Spirit. We have bad four dis- 
courses on this line here. Many say it is just 
what is needed. His precious fellowship is 
great and good. — /. E. Young, Dec. 21. 

Paint Creek church convened this afternoon 
for quarterly council. Four letters were grant- 
ed members moving away. Our elder was re- 
lieved by bis request. E. M. Wolf and M. O. 
Hodson chosen in his place. — A. C. Numer, 
Dec. 21. 

Rock Creek.— Eld. Geo, Manon, of Gyp- 
sum City, Kans,, commenced meetings for us 
Nov. 23 and continued till Dec. 8, preaching 
eighteen soul-cheering sermons. Two precious 
souls were added to the fold. On Thanksgiv- 
ing day we had a number of short talks by 
members, interspersed with singing. Dec. 10 
we met in quarterly council. All business was 
satisfactorily disposed of. W. W, Lichty was 
chosen as chorister.—/. /. Hoover, Sabetha, 
Kans., Dec. 13. 

Redfleld.— Bro. W. H. Leaman came into 
our midst Dec. 11 and preached eight soul-in- 
spiring sermons. Owing to the inclemency of 
the weather *he congregations were small at 
first, but increased as the weather became 
more pleasant. We were much built up spirit- 
ually. Sister Ma Belle Murray was with us 

during the entire meeting and rendered good 
service. Wc also enjoyed the presence of Bro. 
Elie Wolfe over Saturday and Sunday.— Lillie 
Calvert, Redfield, Kans., Dec. 23. 


Beaver Creek.— Bro. William Howe, of 
Pennsylvania, began a series of meetings Dec. 
ir, closing this evening. The interest was 
good. Five dear sisters decided to follow their 
Master. We know that there are others al- 
most persuaded.— Katie S. Grossnickle, Maple- 
ville, Md., Dec. 22. 

Hagerstown.— Our love feast was held on 
Thanksgiving afternoon and was largely at- 
tended, about three hundred members being 
present. We were very glad to have with us 
Bro. Wilbur Stover, from India, whose pres- 
ence and talks, after a long and faithful serv- 
ice in the foreign field, were an inspiration to 
us all. Bro. J. A. Dove, of Cloverdale, Va., was 
also present, having been with us for about a 
week, laboring for the salvation of souls. Five 
new members rewarded his efforts. His ser- 
mons gave us new zeal. — F. M. Thomas, Dec. 


Hagerstown.— Our series of meetings, held 
at the Manor meetinghouse, commencing Dec. 
8, conducted by Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, 
Va., has now closed, Dec. 22. Eighteen ser- 
mons were preached, including an address to 
the Sunday school at its close. Bro. Miller vis- 
ited quite a great deal in the homes. Bro. 
Wm. Howe, of Norristown, Pa., is expected to 
open a series of meetings in Sharpsburg some- 
time in February, same congregation.— L. 
Bertha Rowland, Dec. 23. 

naple Grove. — We met in quarterly council 
Dec. 7. Everything passed off pleasantly. 
Eld. S. K. Fike presided. We expect Bro. 
Hannan Johnson, from Huntingdon, Pa., to 
hold an educational meeting at Maple Grove 
on the evening of Dec. 26. — Anna C. King, 
Bevansville, Md., Dec. 23. 

Thornapple.— Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Penn- 
sylvania, closed a series of meetings in our 
east house last evening, after preaching twen- 
ty-four sermons. The meetings have been 
conducive of much good. Three dear young 
sisters were received into the church this morn- 
ing by baptism. They were all regular Sun- 
day-school scholars. — Peter B. Messner, Lake 
Odessa, Mich., Dec, 27. 

Hardwlck. — Bro. O. J. Beaver, our mission- 
ary evangelist, came here Dec. 6 to hold a se- 
ries of meetings. He had a good attendance 
and good interest until the cold weather. He 
preached sixteen sermons.— Carrie Jacqua, 
Dec. 22. 


Hlllard. — Christmas was an enjoyable day 
with us, Bro. Eby preached us a very interest- 
ing sermon. After church Bro. Eby and family 
and Bro. Crips and family went up to Uncle 
George Hills and tonk dinner with him, — Wm. 
Stucker, Dec. 26. 

Centreview. — Bro. David Bowman began 
preaching for us Dec. 14 and preached fifteen 
sermons, closing Christmas evening. Those 
who were privileged to attend were greatly 
benefited. — Lucinda Bollinger, Dec, 26, 

Jlineral Creek church met in council Dec. 
2i. Bro. James M. Mohler was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent for six months, The 
plan on which to conduct the Bible school dur- 
ing the holidays was fully completed and Bro. 
James M. Mohler also to conduct that, One 
member was received by letter. The members 
at this place think the yearly Bible schools a 
great help. — Alice L. Mohler, Leelon, Mo., 
Dec. 26. 


Lincoln.— On the evening of Dec. 17 a good- 
ly number of the brethren and sisters of the 
Lincoln church gathered without either invita- 
tion or announcement, at the home of their 
minister and after enjoying together a lunch 
which they had prepared at their homes, hear- 
ing a few short talks, and joining in song and 
prayer service they dispersed, leaving in the 
kitchen many packages of good things to eat, 
as an evidence of their love. Better than all 
the rest, after they were gone, there remained 
behind them a sunshine of living love. We 
thank God for his goodness and our brethren 
for their kindness.— Sara h H. Lauver, 8^3 N. 
21st St.. Dec. 21. 

Weeping Water church met in quarterly 
council Dec. 21. All business was disposed of 

Jan. 4, 1902 

pleasantly. Six church letters were granted 
and two were received by letter. Eld. J. Y. 
Heckler was chosen as our elder and Bro. ]. 
H. Quellhorst as deacon. We are now in the 
midst of an interesting series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Eld. S. M. Forney. — Eva Quell- 
horst, Alvo, Nebr., Dec. 24. 

nelvin HH1. -Dec. 8 Eld. Lemuel Hillery, 
of Goshen, Ind.. who is spending the winter 
with us at the above place, commenced a se- 
ries of meetings and continued till Dec. 22, 
preaching fifteen sermons. The little flock 
here has been built up. — N. B, Christner, Dec. 


Cando. — All of our elders and nearly half of 
the laity have gone on a winter's visit to vari- 
ous points all over the United States. Christ- 
mas day was a very mild one for this latitude. 
Services were held in the Zion meetinghouse 
in the forenoon and in the Cando house in the 
evening. We received our new Hymnals and 
are delighted with them. — M. P. Lichty, Zion, 
N. Dak., Dec. 26. 

Surrey. — Yesterday the Brethren and 
friends around Surrey met for the first Christ- 
mas services ever held near this place. The 
large schoolhouse was well filled. Our elder, 
A. W. Hawbaker, of Kenmare, addressed us, 
Bro. Hawbaker also preached to us last even- 
ing. One applicant to be baptized to-morrow ; 
a husband whose wife was baptized here last 
spring. — Henry Franlz, Dec. 26. 

Rockdale congregation met in quarterly 
council Nov. 8 at Ellison schoolhouse. Consid- 
erable business came before the meeting. It 
was decided to have a called council, which oc- 
curred Dec, 12. Six letters of membership 
were granted since Nov. 8. The new Hymnals 
are to be used in church and Sunday school, a 
number of books being purchased as church 
property. A missionary board was elected: R. 
M. Shook, C. E. Wells, F. Brunace, A. C. Puter- 
baugh and A. J. Blough. Thanksgiving collec- 
tion was S6.70, Since April two ministers have 
moved away, J. H. Fike and J. Markley. Our 
Sunday school closed for the winter. Unless a 
minister comes to us we will be without 
preaching services all winter. — Clare Wells, 
Ellison, N, Dak., Dec. 16. 

Turtle Mountain. — We were greatly en- 
couraged by Bro. James Graybill, of Nampa, 
Idaho, coming to us Dec. 18 and preaching sev- 
en sermons. We met Dec. 21 in regular coun- 
cil. The church appointed the writer Messen- 
ger correspondent while Sister Mae Sherman 
is absent. The solicitors for our churcbhouse 
had gathered $74, and we had $27, which now 
makes us $101. This is a small beginning, but 
we are hopeful and thankful for this much. 
The church decided to go forward with the 
basement in the spring, then put a temporary 
roof over it so we would have a place of wor- 
ship. At the close of our meetings two dear 
ones accepted the invitation to follow Christ. 
And although the ice was two feet thick they 
came rejoicing. We took up a collection of $5 
for Bro. Graybill, which he cheerfully gave 
back to us for our churchhouse. — Mary A. 
Davis, Mars, N. Dak., Dec. 24. 

White Rock. — Dec. 14 we met in regular 
quarterly council, which passed off pleasantly. 
Four were received by letter and two letters 
were granted. — Hannah Dunning, Denbigh, 
N. Dak., Dec. 14. 

White Rock. — We reorganized our Sunday 
school to-day for the coming year by electing 
Bro. Daniel Blocher superintendent and Bro. 
D. Ginsinger assistant. We have an ever- 
green Sunday school. We are now left with- 
out a shepherd, as Bro. J. E. Joseph and fam- 
ily have gone back to Indiana. We hope they 
maybe able to return to their scattered flock 
in Dakota. — Hannah Dunning, Denbigh, N. 
Dak., Dec. 22. 


Lower Stillwater.— A Thanksgiving collec- 
tion resulted in seventeen dollars raised for 
world-wide missions, Bro. Jos. Studebaker re- 
cently conducted a very successful singing 
school at Lower church, Ft. McKinley, on the 
new Dayton and Northern Traction line, four 
miles from Dayton. With the new Hymna! in 
the hands and hearts of the members and Bro. 
Studebaker as leader any church song service 
will be improved by a term of hearty, earnest, 
old-time singing school. Dec. 22 Bro. D. L. 
Miller closed a most interesting series of ser- 
mons and Bible Land talks and a most impres- 
sive children's meeting. A collection of over 


fifteen dollars was taken for missions at close of 
the meetings.— L. A. Bookwalter. R. R. No. 10, 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Eagle Creek church met in fourth quarterly 
council Dec. 21. All business was very pleas- 
antly disposed of. One was received by letter. 
— H. S. Bowers, Williamstown, Ohio, Dec. 25. 
New Enterprise — A very interesting local 
Sunday-school meeting was held at the large 
church at New Enterprise by the Kountz Sun- 
day school and the one at this place. On Sun- 
day afternoon and evening, Dec. 8, brethren E. 
S. Young, J. B, Brumbaugh, Jesse Emmert and 
others were present and gave quite helpful 
talks, The attendance was large and all 
seemed much interested. Bro. Emmert 
preached for us on Saturday evening and Sun- 
day morning,— .£. A. M. Replogle, Dec. /q. 

East Nimishillen.— The series of meetings 
and love feast, which were conducted by Bro. 
Aaron Heestand, are in the past. Two were 
added to the church by baptism. At this time 
in the Lake bouse our Bible school is in prog- 
ress, conducted by Bro. Ulrey. — D. F. Ebie, 
Dec. 27. 

Palestine.— Eld. Daniel Garver began a 
series of meetings Dec. 7 at Fort Jefferson and 
closed Dec. 22, preaching nineteen sermons and 
one funeral. He was with us at our quarterly 
council meeting Dec. 12. Three precious souls 
were received into the church by baptism. 
The meetings closed with good interest. At 
our last quarterly council we renewed our re 
quest to have Bro. D. L. Miller give us a series 
of Bible Land talks when he can do so. — Dan 
iel Bausman, Baker, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Portage.— Bro. C. A. Bame and wife came 
into this church Dec. 5 and commenced a se 
ries of meetings, which continued till Dec. 23. 
He preached twenty- four soul-cheering ser- 
mons. Saints were much built up. Six pre- 
cious souls united with the church. They were 
buried with Christ in baptism. Bro. Bame and 
wife left this church Dec. 24 to attend the Sun- 
day School Teachers' Institute in his home con- 
gregation. Sister Bame is a great help to Bro. 
Bame in conducting his meetings successfully, 
as she leads all the song service. A number 
of members have moved out of this church 
within the last year, leaving the membership 
rather light in number.— J. P. Krabill, Prairie 
Depot, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

South Poplar Ridge.— A series of meetings 
was held at the South Poplar Ridge church, 
beginning Dec. 7 and closing Dec, 22, Bro. 
John Killian, of Hicksville, Ohio, did the 
preaching. The meetings were well attended 
and the interest was good. One young man 
united with the church by baptism. — S. L, 
Noffsinger, Dec. 2$, 

Sugar Creek church (Northeastern District 
of Ohio) extends a cordial invitation to all who 
are interested in Bible study to attend the Bi- 
ble Institute to be conducted by Bro. E. S. 
Young at the Baltic house. The Institute will 
open Tuesday, Jan. 14, 1902. Frr further in- 
formation address the writer. — Wm. Homer, 
New Bedford, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Upper Stillwater church met in regular 
quarterly council Dec. 7. Eld. D. D, Wine 
presided, it being his first time as elder of this 
church. Business was transacted pleasantly. 
The new Hymnal was adopted. Bro. J. C. 
Bright commenced a series of meetings the 
same evening and continued until the evening 
of Dec. 22. On account of the very inclement 
weather the attendance was small. A sub- 
scription has been taken to add some new 
books to the Sunday-school library.—; ferry 
Hollinger, Versailles, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Wolf Creek.— We just closed an interesting 
series of meetings at our central house Dec. 22, 
conducted by Eld. David Hollinger. He 
preached seventeen soul-inspiring sermons. 
Most of the meetings were not very large be- 
cause of the cold weather.—/. Homer Bright, 
R. R, No. 4, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 22. 


Bethany.— We met in regular quarterly 
council Dec. 21. Our elder, Bro. Samuel Edge- 
comb, was present. Much business was dis- 
posed of in a Christian manner. This being 
our election of officers, Sister Olt was elected 
Messenger agent. We hope to see that work 
pushed. Our little church was much built up. 
Bro. Edgecomb gave us some good sermons 
which were much enjoyed.—/. L. Teeter, Terl- 
ton, Okla.. Dec. 23. 

Ripley.— Our quarterly council was Dec. 14. 
Two were received by letter. Decided tobegin 

a series of meetings the second Saturday of 
January. Bro. A. W. Austin was chosen solicit- 
for the Gospel Messenger and other 
publications. Sunday school will be continued 
and officers were elected, W. B. Milham and 
D. L. Kinzie superintendents. We have had 
some very cold weather for this country. — 
Belle Kinsie, Dec. 21. 

Turkey Creek congregation met in called 
council Dec. 7. All business was disposed of 
.n love. This church formerly belonged to the 
Southeastern District of Kansas, and was 
changed to District of Oklahoma at the last 
District Meeting, the line between Kansas and 
Oklahoma to be the dividing line. Bro. Joseph 
Masterson is going to move away, which will 
leave this church without a minister. We 
would be very glad if some minister would 
move in here and take up the work. For the 
present we have secured the services of Bro. 
A. L. Smith, of the Bear Creek church. He 
has promised to come' to Tonkawa once a 
month for some time. One letter was granted. 
Nov. 23 Bro, Joseph S. Masterson went to the 
west end of this church and held some meet- 
ings. He preached ten sermons and baptized 
two, husband and wife.— M, E, Anglemyer, 
Ponca City, Okla., Dec. q. 

Ashland. — Nov. 23 we began a series o 
meetings at the Ashland house, which is cen- 
trally located in this little city. Thirty services 
were given. Bro. D. B. Eby, of Sunnyside, and 
Bro.G. W.Hoxie each gave us one service. Dec, 
14 we met with the Father's children around 
the communion table, Twenty-3even engaged 
in these services. It was a rich feast of spiritu- 
al things. Three were added to the church by 
baptism, and three returned to their first love. 
All six of these are fathers and mothers. These 
services were well attended throughout. The 
committee of elders sent here by toe District 
were unanimously accepted; so was their 
work. Here is an excellent opening for God's 
people. They hold services two Sundays in 
the month. Sunday school at ten A. M. each 
Lord's Day and a midweek prayer meeting. 
Bro, C. E. Nininger is their resident minister. 
Dec, 17 a score of these loved ones accompa- 
nied us to the train and we parted with them for 
other fields of labor.—/. S, Secrist, Dec. iq, 

Ashland.— Sunday night, Dec. 15, closed our 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro, J, S. 
Secrist. He came to us Nov. 23, preached in 
all twenty-six sermons. We had services on 
Thanksgiving day and took up a collection 
amounting to $8.50. He conducted two Bible 
meetings and one children's meeting. The 
meetings were all well attended, Three came 
out on the Lord's side and put on Christ in 
baptism; also three were restored. The har- 
vest truly is great in the far West. We pray 
the Lord to send us more laborers.— S. A, Nin- 
inger, Dec. 17. 

Newberg. — Dec. 11 Eld. D. B. Eby made ua 
a short call and preached two sermons. Dec, 
14 the writer took train for Portland, where we 
held services in the evening for the members 
that do not get to hear much preaching, only 
as ministers pass that way and we can do for 
them Sunday morning. We went out to Gres- 
ham, thirteen miles southeast of Portland 
where the Brethren have a half interest in a 
meetinghouse, where we preached at 1 1 A. M. 
then hastened back to Portland where we at- 
tended Sunday school at 3 P. M., and preached 
again at 7:30 P. M.— Geo. C. Carl, Dec. 17, 

Big Swatara.— We closed our meeting at 

East Hanover Dec. 8. Nov. 16 Bro. Hiram 
Gibble, of Manheim, came to us and held forth 
the Word for two weeks; then Bro. Gibble had 
to leave for other fields. We then called on 
Bro. Henry Hollinger, who remained one week. 
Fourteen souls confessed Christ.— A.J. Skope, 
Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Ephrata.— Our council meeting was held 
Dec. 21. Our elder. I. W. Taylor, presided. 
All things were nicely fixed. Church decided 
to have a series of meetings inside of three 
months. Four letters were granted. The 
church also elected Sunday-school officers, S. 
W. Kuip superintendent, J. K. Kilhefner as- 
sistant, both re-elected.—/ R. Royer, Dec. 24. 

Martlnsburg.— Bro. S. Z. Sharp came into 
our midst Dec. 9 and began a series of meet- 
ings the same evening, continuing till Dec. 25, 
preaching nineteen sermons. The church was 
greatly built up.—/. G. Mock, Dec. 26. 

_^ 13 

Hontsera.— We are in the midst of a series 
of meetings at the Huntsdale meetinghouse, 
held by Bro. Albert Hollinger, of Washington, 
D, C— Anna M. Kough, Dec. 25. 

Notice.— To the ministers of the Middle 
District of Pennsylvania: A letter from the 
Fairview congregation informs me that they 
have unanimously called for the Ministerial 
Meeting for 1002. This being the first call re- 
ceived, the meeting for 1902 will be held in the 
Fairview church,—/. C. Swigart, Sec, Strodes 
Mills, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Sprlngvllle.— Our series of meetings, held 
at Mt. Airy by Bro. Henry Hollinger, of Fon- 
tana, Pa., closed Dec. 24. They were well at- 
tended.— A aron R. Gibbel, Efhrata, Pa., Dec. 

Woodbury — Our Bible Institute conducted 
by Bro. E. S. Young, nf Fostoria, Ohio, was 
well attended; interest good. Bro, Young gave 
us a system by which we can study the Bible 
systematically in the home. Two and one-half 
hours were devoted to the study of the Bible 
each morning and one hour each evening; aft- 
er which our brother preached a short revival 
sermon. Six precious souls, five of whom were 
quite young in years, were added to the church 
by baptism. At our Thanksgiving service a 
collection of 510.23 was received for the benefit 
of the world-wide mission. Eld. S. J. Swigart 
will begin a series of meetings at the Snyder 
house Dec. 21.—/ C. Stayer, Dec. 20. 


Jonesboro.— After lahoring with the Knob 
Creek church four weeks, closing Dec. 20, I go 
to the New Hope church, beginning there the 
lame evening. From there I go to the Cedar 
Grove church Jan. II, — C P. Rowland, Dec. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. S. A. Sanger, of 
Virginia, came to u« Dec. 8 and began a series 
of meetings. He preached twenty-eight ser- 
mons which were soul-cheering, Bro. Sanger 
made many friends while here among us. Six 
have put on Christ by baptism and four appli- 
cants still wait ihe sacred rite. Six members 
of one family made application — father, moth- 
er and four daughters. The church is much 
encouraged. — D. C. Morrcll, R. R. No. 6, fones~ 
bom, Tenn., Dee. 23. 

White Horn.— Bro. Jesse D. Clark, of Jones- 
boro, Tenn., came to our place Dec. 7 and be- 
gan meetings, continuing until Dec. 17. He 
preached twenty soul-cheering sermons. The 
church was greatly revived.— facob Shepherd, 
Bulls Gap, Tenn., Dec. /Q. 


Manvel. — The church held quarterly council 
Dec. 21. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for 1902: J. M. Moore superintendent, J. C. 
French assistant. We instructed our Messen- 
ger agent to see that every member's family 
takes the Messenger, and if any plead too 
poor to pay for it to draw on our missionary 
treasury for the subscription price. We sent 
query to District Meeting for Annual Meeting. 
— / H. Peck, Dec. 27. 


Barren Ridge.— Dec. 8 Bro. H. C. Early 
came and preached for us until Dec. 19. The 
church was greatly revived. One dear soul 
came forward and confessed Christ. On ac- 
count of the extreme cold the latter part of the 
meetings the congregations were small. — Wm. 
H. Coffman, Dec. 23. 

Botetourt congregation decided to hold a 
series of meetings at the Valley house, com- 
mencing Dec. 1 and closed Dec. 17. Most of 
the preaching was done by Bro. J. A. Dove, 
though part of the time, he not being able to be 
present, others continued the meeting. Two 
young men were baptized at the close of the 
meeting.— -S. L. Shaver, Troutville, I'd.. Dec. 


Limine Creek.— We had services Thanks- 
giving day. Bro. S. B. Miller, of Laplace, 111., 
gave us a pleasant discourse. The meeting 
was fairly well attended. Our Thanksgiving 
donation went to home and foreign mission 
work. Dec. 21 we had council. The usual 
business transacted and the finances for the 
past year reported.— Michael Zigler, Broad- 
way, Va., Dec. 23. 

Pleasant Hill.— Bro. Wyatt Reed came to 
our church Dec. 8 and preached six soul-cheer- 
ing sermons. Dec. 12 we had an experience 
meeting. The members were built up.— Lizsie- 
Slusher, Willis, Va., Dec. 20. 

{Concluded on last page.) 

.L\fcd::BJ c^-osjeiHiJ- j^l^ssj^jn (3-^a±c- 



Report of the Ministerial Meeting of 
Southern Pennsylvania. 

THE Ministerial Meeting of Southern Penn- 
sylvania was held in the Antietam congrega- 
tion, Waynesboro, Pa., Nov. 20 and 21. The 
ministers assigned on the program were well 
represented at the meeting, and the attend- 
ance and interest at each session were good. 

The meeting was organized with Isaac Barto 
as moderator and the writer as secretary. Aft- 
er the usual address of welcome by D. M. Bak- 
er, the first topic, " The Christian Ministry is 
an Important Factor in the World," was taken 
up and considered. Among other things it 
was stated that the world must be saved 
through preaching (1 Cor. 1: 18; Mark 15; 18: 
15; Rom. 10: 14), that the Christian min- 
istry originated with God and not with 
man, " There was a man sent from God, whose 
name was John" (John 1: 6); that God 
established the church, and the church sends 
forth her ministers to transmit the truth, which 
is the Word of God; and that its mission is to 
preach Christ and bim crucified, to preach and 
teach the Word (Matt. 28: 18; 2 Tim. 4: 2). 

On the second topic a lengthy paper was 
read, setting forth about forty Annual Meeting 
decisions, together with ample Bible refer- 
ences, to emphasize the importance and 
propriety of all the doctrines, customs and 
regulations to which we as a church sub- 
scribe. It was urged that where we have no 
"Thus saith the Lord," the spirit of the Gos- 
pel should govern us in all church work. It 
was also held that the Brethren do not go be- 
yond the Gospel to carry out the intention of 
the Gospel. To illustrate this view it was 
stated that the Bible is silent as to the manu- 
facture of intoxicating liquors, horse racing, 
gambling, raising and selling tobacco, fashions 
jd dress, but the spirit and teaching of the 
Word is against these evils, and it is by this 
spirit we should be governed in matters of this 

" How can a Series of Meetings be Con- 
ducted to the beat Advantage? " was the third 
question on the list. Here is a brief outline 
of the points presented; Minister and congre- 
gation should be interested and united in the 
work. All work of a secular nature should be 
set aside as much as possible, so that the mem- 
bers are ready for the meeting when it comes. 
There should be prayer and fasting, There 
should be organization and system in the work: 
good song service, whole-souled singing; ser- 
mons should not be too long, and they should 
be to the point. The minister should visit the 
homes. He should be sociable, agreeable and 
interested in the salvation of souls. The 
preaching should be done in accordance with 
the needs of the people. The laity should be 
full of the Holy Spirit. Let the welfare of the 
meeting be uppermost in the mind. Our 
thoughts and conversation should be on the 
meeting. We should adapt ourselves to the 
surroundings. Be punctual at all the meet- 

It was generally agreed by the speakers on 
the fourth topic that the pastoral visit is not 
observed as fully as it should be They urged 
that the pastoral visit should be encouraged. 
Several hindrances to the pastoral visit were 
mentioned, among which was the fact that 
many of the ministers are not able financially 
to give the work of the visit the attention that 
it should have. As a rule, it was stated, the 
congregations are too large and too much 
scattered. Smaller congregations and closer 
organization would be a great help to the visit. 
It was maintained that there should be more 
equality in aiding the regular observance of 
this visit; that those who are regularly em- 
ployed in a secular way should open their 
purses and help those who are largely en- 
gaged in spiritual work, and that oftentimes 
the spiritual work of Brother A can be done by 
Brother B with the former's financial aid. 

Regarding " The Preacher's Preparation for 
the Pulpit," the following points were offered: 
The minister should prepare the sermon and 
take ample time to do so. He should remem- 
ber that his sermon is to be listened to, and 
therefore should present something worth 
hearing. The needs of the people should be 
studied and the preaching adapted according- 
ly. The minister must study and should by 
all means be above his audience in knowledge 
of the Scriptures. He should understand the 
Bible well enough to know what to select from 
helps. He should not misrepresent the text, 
and thereby deceive the people. He should 

preach the Word and make the sermon prac- 

The next topic taken up dealt with the evils 
of secret organizations, and was ably discussed. 
It was strongly urged that we should preach 
against secret societies, and live in accordance 
with our preaching, and that we do not need to 
know all about a sin to preach against it. The 
home minister should preach against secrecy 
often instead of employing some able speaker 
from a distance. It was said that we should 
spread our tracts on this growing evil all we 
can. It was acceded by some that there was 
some good in secret organizations, but we 
should do the same good they are doing and 
even more. 

"The Young Members should be given 
Work to do " called out some good thoughts. 
It is said to develop them and gives them ex- 
perience in the Christian work. It also keeps 
them from the snares and evils that are in the 
world, and we should seek every opportunity 
to encourage them. It was strongly urged that 
the young people should be properly taught 
and trained in the home; that parents should 
be pious and set their children the proper 
example; that Sunday schools, young people's 
meetings, social meetings, etc., are invaluable 
auxiliaries to Christian growth among the 
young; and that we should deal cautiously and 
gently with the erring ones and show them that 
we love them and are greatly interested in 
their spiritual welfare. 

"Nonconformity not a Hindrance to the 
Progress of the Brethren Church " was the 
eighth topic on the program. Here is a brief 
outline of what was said: We cannot do with- 
out the principle of nonconformity in the 
church. The church has been cautious and 
wise in the selection and maintenance of this 
principle. There is power in simplicity of 
dress, and we should strive to adhere to it. 
Dress does not necessarily make the Christian, 
but a Christian always regulates the attire. If 
the principle is properly observed it is power 
for the church, and her work will prosper. In- 
consistency in the application of these princi- 
ples is what hinders the progress of the church. 
We must have the Spirit of Christ (Rom. 12: 2) 
in carrying out our nonconformity principles. 

To make preaching more effectual a man 
must study the Word. He must know it be- 
fore he can teach it. Preaching can be made 
effectual by our manner of expression. Be- 
ieve what we preach and let the people see 
that we believe it. We must have the Spirit 
of Christ, practice what we preach, and be at 
home in the pulpit. 

Other good things were said, but we omit 
them and refer to the closing topic which re- 
lated to Sunday-school work. It was shown 
that the home should be interested in the 
work; that there should be more Christianity; 
that teachers should come with their lessons 
prepared and should be punctual and regular 
in attendance; that parents should attend more 
readily; that we should pray for those who are 
disinterested, and, if possible, visit them and 
show them the importance of the work, 

It was not decided where the next Ministeri- 
al Meeting of the District shall be held, and 
we here take the liberty of saying that the con- 
gregations wishing to have the meeting next 
year will please correspond with the writer, 
and the matter shall receive prompt attention. 

F. D. Anthony, Sec. 
Shady Grove, Pa, 

It Is a Fact. 

Yes, there are a number of members that 
don't read the Messenger, I know of some 
who are deacons, and also Sunday-school su- 
perintendents, that do not read the Messen- 
ger; can't be persuaded to take the paper 
when they are amply able. Some of those have 
children grown up, and still will not take the 
paper. I know of some the agent tried hard to 
take the paper for a few months, but nothing 
could induce them to try it for even a short 
time. It is no wonder if such children will 
grow up and remain outside of the church. 

Another query is. Why do some members 
keep their children in Sunday-school work un- 
til about twelve or fourteen and then let them 
wander away? Sunday school is not so profita- 
ble when children go only as long as they feel 
like it, then wander away. It occurs to me the 
better way to do is to train up a child in the 
way he should go, and when he is old he will 
not depart from it. Prov. 22:6. Again, " Chil- 
dren, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is 

right. Honor thy father and mother, which is 
the first commandment with promise, that it 
may be well with thee, and that thou ma j est 
live long on the earth. And, ye fathers, pro- 
voke not your children to wrath; but bring 
them up in the nurture and admonition of the 
Lord." Eph. 6:1-4. If those two Scriptures 
would be obeyed, children (as a rule) could be 
raised and kept in the church. 

I remember hearing Bro. John Ebersole say at 
one Annual Conference he was a Sunday school 
scholar, and he was eighty years old when he 
so spoke. Let us do all in our power to hold 
our young people in Sunday school. 

J. H, Miller. 

Goshen, Ind. 

From Pickrell, Nebr. 

I have just finished reading "The Resur- 
rection," by J. S. Mohler. It is a book deserv- 
ing a wide circulation. The subject matter is 
clearly presented, the proofs are convincing, 
the illustrations and pen pictures make the 
work especially interesting and helpful, and 
the closing chapters are sure to inspire to high- 
er aims and holier living * 

I want to say further, that if the books issued 
under the provisions of the " Gish Fund " are 
doing as much for the Brethren ministry gen- 
erally as for myself, ere long great good will 
result from this noble work. God grant the 
committee on publication the directing influ- 
ence of the Holy Spirit, that such books as are 
most helpful may be brought to our hands. 
A. D. Sollenberger. 

Pickrell, Nebr, 

'Price by mail, 50 cents. To ministers ol fche Brethr* 
:liurch lor cost ol postage and packing, 10 cents. 

Questions for Every flember. 

What will be the effect of my life upon the 
Brethren church in 1902? Should our heaven- 
ly Father see fit to allow me another year, will 
my life tell for the promotion of the Lord's 
cause? Or will I be playing with the Delilah 
of this world, and thus have the locks of my 
strength shorn? Will my life be the instru- 
mental cause of someone giving his or her 
heart to the Lord? Or will I be the cause of 
someone being tempted away from Christ? 
These are questions from which we cannot af- 
ford to turn with indifference. 

Let us all begin now, at the beginning of the 
new year, to make our next Annual Meeting 
the most spiritual meeting that has ever been 
held by our people. And we cannot make the 
meeting a spiritual one unless we are in the 
Spirit ourselves. A. Hutchison. 

From Sweden. 

—Christmas seems to be a great day for the 
people in this country. They maketheir prep- 
arations long before the time. Two months 
ago we heard many say, "I will be very busy 
until after Christmas," And as the time 
draws near their work increases. After Christ- 
mas they expect to have plenty of spare time. 

— A couple of weeks ago was celebrated 
what is called Martin's Afton, It is Martin 
Luther's birthday and is considered a high day 
in all countries where Lutheran churches are 
most prominent. All who can afford it eat 
goose on this feast day, and those who cannot 
afford goose indulge in such luxuries as their 
pocketbooks can stand. The feast this year 
came on Sunday. We attended a Sunday 
school where the children, more than forty in 
number, were treated to a small cup of coffee 
and a few nice little cakes, 

— There are some people in Sweden who 
spend their time going about among Christian 
people singing, praying and arguing with them 
in order to change their religious views to such 
things as they think are right. Howmuch bet- 
ter it would be if Buch people would spend 
their precious time in telling the story of Jesus 
to the lost. " He came not to call the righteous 
but sinners to repentance." 

— We have quite recently received the new 
Hymnal and like it very much. We think it is 
far ahead of anything we have ever seen in 
this line. The brethren who have labored so 
faithfully to prepare this book certainly de- 
serve much credit. 

— Bro. Vaniman preached to a good congre- 
gation not long since. He has a good interpret- 
er who gives her assistance free of charge 
whenever called upon. 

— Dec. 8 we met with the church at Kjeflinge 
in council meeting and assisted the Brethren in 
arranging a more systematic order in church 
matters. A church secretary and a solicitor 
for missionary funds were appointed. Breth- 
ren Risberg and Lindell were appointed dele- 
gates to District Meeting, which will be held at 
Limhamn Jan. 6. Th** church decided to hold 
regular quarterly council meetings. The mem- 
bers were also strongly urged to adopt the 
Lord's plan in giving the tenth of their income 
to his work. 

— Our present mission room is not large 
enough. We are now looking for more' com- 
modious quarters. May the Lord direct us 
that we may find a place suitable for his work. 
Alice Vaniman. 

Malm'o, Sweden, Dec. 7, 

In Tennessee Again. 

Nov. 28 I made another trip to west Ten- 
nessee, arriving at Paris at 5 P. M. s^me day. 
I remained there until Dec. 2, and held four 
meetings. Then went by private conveyance 
to Bro. A. M. Shultz's, a distance of eighteen 
miles, being conveyed on this trip by Bro. S. M. 
Wills, of Paris. 

At Bro. Shultz's I remained until Dec. 9, and 
held seven meetings, then returning to Bro. 
Wills' by rail, was conveyed by Bro. Charlie 
Wills to Bro. John Davis', a distance of sixteen 
miles, where I met brother Charlie Davis, of 
Lawrence County, Tennessee- We held two 
meetings at a schoolhouse near Bro. John 
Davis', but owing to inclement weather had to 
close the meetings. 

Dec. 16 I came by Whiting, Mo., on my way 
home, intending to hold two meetings there, 
then to come on by Farrenburg, Mo., to hold 
council; but the weather continuing so very bad 
I decided to come home, and so had no meet- 
ings at either place. 

The meetings in Tennessee were not largely 
attended on account of the weather, but the lit- 
tle band of members are loyal and manifest be- 
coming zeal for the Lord's work. I hope to re- 
turn again in the latter part of April of next 
year. B. E. Kesler. 

Gainesville, Ark. 


Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly for Janu- 
ary. Traditions and the newspapers are so 
fond of referring to Kentucky as "the dark and 
bloody ground," that at the •'tquest of the edi- 
tor of Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly Mr. E. 
Carl Litsey, a painstaking and accurate observ- 
er of social conditions, made a leisurely jour- 
ney through the most notorious districts of the 
State, carefully noting what he saw and heard, 
and relying solely upon first-hand information. 
The story of this journey, together with a very 
accurate and dramatic account of Kentucky 
feuds and their causes, is the opening article in 
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly for January. 
Among the more serious articles in this num- 
ber is a striking character sketch of Chief 
Arthur, of the Locomotive Engineers, the sin- 
gle permanent leader of labor in this country, 
and Senator Tillman's successful defense of 
his plan for the solution of the liquor problem. 

" Mr. Bok to the American Parent," is a re- 
markable Editorial for the people by the people, 
which may breed some sound thinking. At in- 
tervals during the past few years the editor of 
The Ladies' Home Journal has attacked the 
"cramming " and " pushing " systems so perva- 
lent among the schools of this country. Each 
editorial given to this subject has brought hun- 
dreds of letters, most of them not r»nly acknowl- 
edging the wrong, but adding, as well, strong 
and sad proofs to the statements made. These 
letters were kept. In the January issue of The 
Journal the editor's page is occupied by brief 
excerpts from sixty-eight of them. They are 
' dedicated to the American parent," and 
classed under three heads: "A Roll for Educa- 
tors to ponder Over," "A Roll for Parents to 
Think Over" and "A Roll Which Speaks for 
Itself." There are no names, dates or localities 
mentioned. Nothing but the unsought testi- 
mony of a few out of the thousands who are 
suffering the silence of this "sorrowful tribute 
to modern schooling." Here is one of the six- 
ty-eigM: " Our poor little boy, just previous to 
his passing away, went into a delirium of fear 
that he would not get his ' marks,' His dread 
was something pitiable." 

Jan. 4, 1902 

tzeiie g-osifiexj :m:~ess:e:n"q-:e:r,. 


"What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder." 

MURRAY— BRIGHT.— Dec. 10, 1901, by 
the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, near Trotwood, Ohio, Mr. Jesse C. 
Murray, of Kidder, Mo., and Siater Clara C. 
Bright, of Trotwood, Ohio. S. HOHNING 


" Blessed are the dead which die in tbe Lord." 

ANDES, Bro. Noah, died Dec. 14, 1901, at 
New Market, Va., aged 83 years, 7 months and 
20 days. Services by Eld. Dan'l Hays, assisted 
by Bro. D. P. Wine, at the home graveyard. 
Services in Mt. Olivet church, Rockingham 
Co., Va., five miles northwest of Timberville. 
J. H. Garber. 

BEALER, Sarah A., died Dec. 12, igoi, at 
Pottstown, Pa., aged 82 years, 8 months and 25 
daya. She was a consistent member of the 
Coventry Brethren church. 

Esther B. Kulp. 


COFFMAN, Sister Martha, died Dec.i, 1901, 
at Venton, Va., at the home of her daughter, 
Lolia Spangler, of pneumonia, aged 74 years. 
For many years she was a loving member of 
the Botetourt church. Funeral services and 
burial at Haymakertown, near her former 
home, by Bro. D. N. Eller. S. L. Shaver. 

CUPP, Rebecca, wife of James Cupp, died 
Nov. 11. 1901, in the Sangerville congregation, 
Va., aged. 67 years. She was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. Services at Emmanuel 
church by Mr. Paul of the Presbyterian 
church. Emma F. Miller 

EILER, John V., died Dec. 7, 1901, at his 
home in Cerrogordo, 111., aged 65 years, 1 
month and 21 days. Services in the Cerrogor- 
do church by Bro. M. J. McClure. Bro. Eiler M 
leaves a wife, three daughters and two sons. 
Etta Wheeler. 

ENYEART, Sister Mary Catharine, wife of 
Bro. D. B. Enyeart, died Dec. 13, 1901, in the 
Spokane congregation, near Wayside, Wash., 
aged 41 years, 5 months and 1 day. She had 
always seemed the very picture of health. 
About three weeks before her death she was 
thrown from a buggy and hurt, bringing about 
complications that hastened her away. The 
stroke falls heavily upon our brother, who is 
left with nine children. She died in full faith. 
Services by the writer from Heb. 4:9. Inter- 
ment in Wild Rose Prairie cemetery. 

J. Harman Stover. 

FISHER, Bro. John M., died at his home in 
Pottstown, Pa., Nov. 8, igoi, aged 86 years. 
His illness was caused by a paralytic stroke 
and was of but a few days' duration. He was 
born near Zeiglersville, Montgomery County, 
Pa., Aug. 5, 1816. In his young manhood he 
learned the trade of a cabinetmaker, which he 
followed throughout his long life. When a 
young man he moved to Philadelphia and 
thence to Pottstown. He united with the 
Brethren church more than forty years ago, 
and as long as his health permitted was a 
faithful attendant at her services. During his 
married life, which lasted over a space of six- 
ty years, he was a constant reader of the church 
paper. As a citizen, Bro. Fisher always bore 
a character without reproach, and was noted 
for uprightness and integrity inall his dealings. 
Ira C. Holsopfle. 

FOX, Sister Mary A., died Nov. 22, 1901, at 
her home on College Hill, Mcpherson, Kans., 
of consumption. She was born in Somerset 
County, Pa., Sept. n, 1842. In 1867 she moved 
with her parents to Carroll County, 111. She 
was married to Cyrus J. Fox in 1868. In 1870 
they moved to Falls City, Nebr., stayed until 
the spring of 1888, then moved to Linn County, 
Kans. Her husband died the same fall. A 
few months after she, with her family, consist- 
ing of two sons and four daughters, came to 
McPherson, to make their home. She united 
with the church when young, was an ear- 
nest Christian, and beloved by all who knew 
her. Emma C. Fox 

GOOD, Daniel B., died Dec. 8, 1901, in the 
bounds of the Fairbaven church, Wayne Co. 
Ohio, of cancer, aged 60 years and 28 days. 
He was married to Margaret Worst. To them 
were born one son and daughter. Deceased 
was a member of the Progressive church. 

Services by P. J. Brown of the same church. 
Text, Psalms 112:5. David Worst. 

HALL, Sister Sarah Ann, wife of Larking 
Hall, died Oct. 6, 1901, in Tama County, Iowa, 
of a carbuncle, aged 74 years and 11 months. 
She was born in Fayette County, Pa., in 1828. 
She was a great sufferer during her last years 
with erysipelas. She was the mother of fifteen 
children, ten of whom are living. Interment ir 
Calhoun County. Services at the home of he 
oldest son by Bro. Brower. 

Harriet Reynolds. 

HOUSER, Bro. Elias, died Dec. 10, igoi, 
aged 75 years, 4 months and 23 days. He was 
a consistent member of the Mt. Zion church, 
Va. He was a faithful deacon for many years. 
Services by the home brethren. 

Martin Rothgeb. 

HOCKER, Susan, nee Heisy, wife of John 
Hocker, died Dec. 9, Igoi, at her home in West 
Milton, Miami Co., Ohio, aged 67 years, 11 
months and 25 days. She was born near Eliza 
bethtown, Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1833. She 
came with her parents to Ohio in 1850. She 
was married to John Hocker in 1857. To this 
union were born six sons and six daughters. 
The husband, two sons and two daughters sur- 
vive. In 1858 she united with the " Brethren 
Christ," remaining an exemplary member 
till death. Services in the Brethren church in 
West Milton by Harry Miller and the writer 
from Amos 4: 12. Interment in the Fairview 
cemetery. John H. Brumbaugh. 

LECKRONE, Sister Catharine, wife of Bro. 
Alva Leckrone, died Nov. 10, 1901, in the Eel 
River church, Kosciusko Co., Ind., aged 43 
years, 7 months and 4 days. She was buried at 
the Ulrey burying ground. Services by Bro, 
Otho Winger. Emanuel Leckrone. 

MARKLEY, Bro. Samuel, died Dec. 4. i9 OI > 
at Trappe, Pa., aged 67 years, 10 months and 
25 days. Brethren A. L. Grater and J. F. 
Mvers conducted the services. Text, Gen. 5: 

daughters. Services at Valley Pike church by 
the writer and R. H. Moury, from John 14: 2. 
John M. Ryman. 




If you have not read "Girdling tbe Globe, 
by D. L. Miller, you have missed one of th 1 
best books published by tbe House. It vividly 
describes his trip around the world, and takes 
the reader along in such an easy manner that 
you feel as though you were traveling over the 
same ground with him. 

The book is well illustrated, and contains 602 
pages. You cannot make a better Christmas 
present to your friends. Price in morocco, 
$3.00; sheep, $2. 50; cloth, S2.00. It is an excel- 
lent book for agents to handle. Write for terms 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 


The Vest Pocket Commentary on the 
Sunday-school Lessons for 1902. 

By Rev. DeLoss M. Tompkins, D. D. 

It is modem In Ua use- 
lulness, practical and ' 
spiritual iu thought, 
and Is adapted to the 
needs of the pupil, thy 
teacher and tbe class. 

Owing to a ureat de- 
mand lor this little vol- 
ume Iroru our people. 

,d the large sale we 

hnd last year, we have 

urcd a much better 

price, and we give our 

Regular edition, 

bound in red morocco, 
round corners, gold 

The Making of a Magazine 



u,3S cents.) 

Interleaved Edttiou, 
bound In red morocco, 
two blank ruled pages 
lor notes with each les- 
son, this year, 35 cents. 
(Last year 50 cents.) 

Order at Once to Avoid the Holiday Rush. 


Harry H. Ziegler. 

PENNINGTON, Jackson, died Dec. 7, iqoi, 

his home near Harman, W. Va., aged about 

70 years. He leaves three small children. His 

wife preceded him about four months. He 

united with the Brethren church several years 

Cora Harman. 

SANGER, Bro. David I„ died Nov. 7, 1001, 
in the Sangerville congregation, Va., aged 50 
years, 2 months and 22 days. He leaves a 
widow, three sons and one daughter. He 
served in the deacon's office thirty years. 
He will be missed in his family and in the 
church. Services in the Sangerville church by 
elders G. W. Wine and Jacob Thomas from 
Heb. 13: 14. Emma F, Miller, 

SHIVELY, Jesse Howard, son of Bro. Aaron 
and Sister Rachel C. Shively, died Dec. 20, 
iqoi, within the bounds of the Freeburg church, 
Columbiana Co., Ohio, aged 26 years, 2 months 
and 10 days. Jesse had started on a little busi- 
ness errand, but had only got about a mile 
from home, when instantaneously death came 
upon him. E- LOOMIS. 

SHEARER, Elizabeth, nee Zigler, died Oct. 
12, iqoi, at Harrisburg, Pa., aged 63 years, 1 
month and 5 days. She was married to Jacob 
Shearer Oct. 16, 1856. Of five sons and three 
daughters three preceded her. She was al- 
ways ready to assist in the work of the Lord 
Her suffering was great but she bore it patient- 
ly. Interment in the Hanoverdale graveyard. 
Services by J. H. Witmer and tbe writer from 
Rev. 14:13- A.J. Shope 

SIEBER, Christian, died Dec. II, I90 1 
Camden, Ind., aged 78 years, 11 months and 6 
days. He was married to Mary Ann Stoner 
Nov. 1, 1850. Five daughters, one son and 
their mother survive. Services by G. B. Heel- 
er from 1 Cor. 13: 12. S. M. Snowberger. 

TRUMBO, Mrs. Melinda, died Dec. 6, igoi, 
at her home near Midland, Va., aged 55 years, 
1 month and 18 days. Deceased was a mem- 
ber of the Christian church. She had enjoyed 
fairly good health until within six hours of her 
death. A husband and three sons are left to 
mourn the loss of a faithful wife and devoted 
mother. Services by Bro. Dennis Weiraer 
from Rev. 14:13. Interment in the Midland 
(Brethren) burying ground. 


WALKER, Sister Catharine, died Nov. 22, 
1901, in the Woodstock church, Shenandoah 
Co., Va., aged 64 years, 6 months and 5 daya. 
She leaves a husband, two sons and three 

Those who have watched the evolution of the 
Inglenook have sometimes asked the question, 
"What next?" and it is something that not 
even the editor can answer, for he, himself, 
does not know what new attractions will ap- 
pear from time to time. One thing is that 
the magazine will be illustrated. The letters o( 
Frank and Kathleen will have pictures, lots of 
them, of the places and scenery along the lines 
of travel their contributions will describe. 

This making of an illustrated magazine is 
not a simple task. In the first place the mak- 
ing of the pictures is not an easy or a cheap 
thing. It runs into money to have good pic- 
tures made, and it is'nt so very easy to find the 
right kind of material to go along with the pic- 
tures. You can get a pretty fair photograph- 
er's picture that will describe the object pretty 
well, just as it is, in fact, but to go to the bot- 
tom of your ink bottle and describe the story 
the picture tells isn't as easy, not as easy as it 

Then we're thinking of adding a summary ol 
the current news of the world on second, third 
and fourth pages of the cover. We have felt all 
along that there ought to be something of this 
kind, reliable, and put in a shape that it will 
be read by people, and as soon as we find it a 
possibility it will appear. Lots of people be- 
eve in the 'Nook, and would be glad to have 
clean and easily understood presentation of 
the current news of the day come along witl 
the literary part of the magazine. This we are 
mapping out now, that is, the plan of getting 
at it and how we will best get it before the 
' Nooker. It isn't as readily done as it looks, 
either. Then we have always felt the need of 
a place for personal mention that would be of 
passing interest, yet not of sufficient impor- 
tance to put in the body of the magazine. 

If you don't get the 'Nook you ought to, and 
youhavn't that cook bonk that goes with it, 
the women of the household are being kept in 
the dark about the best thing of its kind ev- 
brought out. One dollar will bring tbe 
Inglenook to you for a whole year. Suppose 
you attend to it today. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

Brethren Publishing House. 
Elgin, lit. 

Read what People Say about the 
Brethren Hymnal. 

Addressed to Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger, from 
Mrs. Laura E. Newell, who has written at 
least six of the beautiful poems: " I am sure it 
is to you that I am indebted for a copy of your 
most excellent ' Hymnal.' Please accept ray 
thanks for the book, for it is the most complete 
edition of sacred song it has ever been my 
good fortune to examine. In it I find many, 
many old friends as well as new, in the shape 
of well-lovsd hymns. That it may uplift 
many weary hearts heavy laden and multitudes 
of pilgrims, leading them heavenward, with 
song in their hearts, is the wish of your 

Mrs. Harriet E. Jones, who wrote fivehymns, 
including the lovely "Beautiful Golden Some- 
time," says:" To the lovers of old hymns it 
must be a delight, as you have given them 
abundant showing. The new ones are the 
very best. You have given ' Spread the 
News' a grand tune, a rousing missionary 
hymn. Thank you. I am very much pleased 
with the tunes to my words. ' Beautiful Goiden 
Sometime ' has a very sweet tune, as a tune 
about the heavenly home should have. I 
consider tbe tune to ' Be Loyal, Pilgrims ' the 
very best you have given to any in the book." 

I have received the third hundred of Hym- 
nals, and they are now all sold. Please send 
me the fourth hundred at once. We need 
books.— Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio. 

Testimonials like the above are received 
daily. You are not running any chance in 
sending in your order. 

Price, 65 cents each, or $7. 20 per dozen pre- 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, III. 

Notxr H-oady • 

The 1902 Brethren's 

Lesson Commentary. 


By J. S. Mohler 

One of the latest books 
published by the House, 
It contains 128 pages and 
substantially bound in 
cloth. Read it. You will 
never regret making a 
purchase of this book. 
Price only 50 cents, 
Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, III. 

We have published a Commentary on the 
lessons for 1902, and it is now ready for dis- 
tribution. It is a well-bound book of 39° 
Nicely Illustrated with Maps, Pictures, 
Etc. It Is Unsurpassed 
for the student, the teacher and the preacher. 
Every Sunday-school teacher and superin- 
tendent should have a copy. 

Send Your Orders 
early so as to be sure to have a copy by Jan. 
I, Price, 90 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

lES^fiU CsrOBKfilXj .&d:£ISS5:H)JfSJ -QrJSQ*.. 

Jan. 4, 1902 

(Continued from page /J.) 
Cheat River.— Bro. Obed Hamstead com- 
menced a meeting forus Dec. 17 and continued 
till Dec, 22. Five precious souls came out on 
the Lord's side and were buried with Christ in 
baptism. — Emma Hewitt, Rodamers, IV. Va., 
Dec. 2j. 


From the Sand Brook Church, N. J. 

Three have been received into the church 
by baptism since our last report. We have 
two more applicants. Bro, J. T. Myers, of 
Oaks, Pa,, officiated at our last communion 
services. We very greatly enjoyed and appre- 
ciated his labors. 

We are at present repairing our church. 
While this work has been going on, our regular 
services have been held in tbe scboolhouse. 
We wish to have our church opened by the 
first Sunday in January, if possible. 

We recently had an enjoyable visit, for the 
first time, from Bro. J. R. Shisler, of Harleys- 
ville, Pa., who preached for us both morning 
and evening, Eld. Tobias Myers is still labor- 
ing with the churches in New Jersey for the ad- 
vancement of the Master's cause and the sal- 
vation of precious souls, Jennie F. Green. 
SergeantsvUU, N.J., Dec. 23. 

ricPherson College Notes. 

Our Bible Institute has just closed, and we 
feel that it has been a season of great blessing 
to us. Our dear brother, W. B. Stover, spent 
eight days with us. In all he delivered eight 
lectures and two sermons, besides holding 
daily conferences with those who had special 
questions. His work among us was much ap 
predated, and it will surely bear much fruit 
age for many years. The collections amount 
ed to a litt'e over one hundred dollars. 

Other features of the Bible Institute created 
considerable interest. This is especially true 
of Bro. Frank's classes in Biblical interpreta- 
tion. There seems to be a growing desire 
among us to get into the real meaning of the 
Scriptures and not to be satisfied with a mere 
superficial skimming of them. 

It was our purpose to have a aeries of meet- 
ings in November. Being disappointed in this, 
we have still not been wholly deprived of the 
good results which we had hoped for from such 
a meeting. Owing to the good influences at 
work in our young people's organizations, sev- 
en students were recently received into church 
fellowship by baptism. One other was also re- 
ceived from the Sunday school. All these 
students except one had just entered the Col- 
lege for the first time this year. It makes us 
rejoice greatly to see young people start in for 
a course in Christian education in this way. 
This is certainly as it ought to be. 

In compiling some statistics for Bro. Stover 
tbe following facts were brought to our notice: 
Number of students enrolled to date, 225; num- 
ber in the collegiate courses, having passed the 
preparatory, 30; number who are members of 
Brethren church, 118; number of students who 
are ministers, 14; number taking Bible study 
with daily recitations, 40; number taking pri- 
vate Bible study with recitation once a week, 
150; number studying missions (members of 
Mission Band), 45; number whose post office is 
McPherson, 100; increase in attendance over 
last year, 50. 

We have many reasons for thanksgiving and 
hopefulneas. C. E. Arnold. 

Dec. 23. _^____ 

Missionary Biographies. 

(Concluded from page 11.) 
He received his education at Halle and at 
Wittenberg, but on account of his strong adher- 
ence to the Pietist principles was not ordained 
to the ministry in the Lutheran church, which 
was the only sect recognized, officially, in Ger- 
many. After traveling for about two years in 
France and Holland, at all times working with 
the distinguished men whom he met to lead 
holier lives and do more for Christ, he returned 
to Dresden, where he married, and was ap- 
pointed a member of tbe state council. But he 
did not enjoy court life and he removed to bis 
country home in the province of Lusatia. Here 

be met a carpenter, a follower of the Bohemian 
reformer, John Huss. who, by his tales of the 
hardships endured by the Unitas Fratrum or 
"United Brethren" and the persecutions they 
were compelled to undergo, induced Zinzendorf 
to found an asylum for these people. He had 
previously purchased the Berthelsdorf estate 
for a philantrophic purpose and it now came in 
good play for this new association, and the vil- 
lage of Herrnhut was built. Things did not go 
smoothly at first, as might be expected, but by 
the time five years had passed by things were 
in good working order and one of the greatest 
missionary societies, in many respects, was be- 
gun. Yetto-day these Moravian Brethren have 
larger membership in heathen lands than at 
home and raise more money per member than 
any other society in existence. 

Zinzendorf traveled extensivelyin the interest 
of his new society, and in 174 1 to 1742 he came 
to America when Bethlehem, the Moravian 
center in the United States, was founded. He 
did some work among the Indians of the Wy- 
oming valley and endeavored to bring about a 
union of all the Pietist people in America. 
Some of our early Brethren were called to this 
conference, but refused to unite with them, be- 
cause in some matters of doctrine they were 
departing from plain Bihle teaching. 

Under Zinzendorf 'scare and patronage, mis- 
sions were established and supported in Green- 
land, West Indies, United States (among both 
Indians and slaves), East Indies, South Ameri- 
ca, South Africa and Egypt. His energy and 
zeal seemed tireless. His high position made 
him a man of much influence among the rulers 
of his time, and many of them were influenced 
more or less by his life and deeds. As will 
have been noted, his work was not in person on 
the field to any great extent, but his power is 
seen as an organizer, promoter and supporter, 
for he was not fearful to give his gold; but who 
can or will say that a consecrated, devoted man 
is not needed in this work as well as on the 
field? God grant that we might have many 
spirit-filled men of wealth and power to pro- 
mote and support the work of the Christ of the 
world. Brother, how are you using your tal- 
ents? Ponder it well. And we would that ev- 
ery member of the church, every reader of the 
Messenger would make the motto of Ziuzen- 
dorf's "Order of the Grain of Mustard Seed" 
bis own, For "none of us liveth unto himself." 
The Lord help us so to be. 

As stated above, Zinzendorf could not be or- 
dained as a minister nf the Lutheran church, as 
his principles were in many things antagonis- 
tic to the state church. But going to a distant 
province, under an assumed name, he took tbe 
examinations and was ordaineH a minister of 
the Gospel. After this time be preached much 
and very plain, so much so that he was ban- 
ished from Saxony and his Herrnhut commu- 
nity, but was soon allowed to return. He did a 
great amount of writing, especially hymns, of 
which he left a large number, hut they are not 
known to-day except as relics of days gone by. 
Neither would they be allowable to-day, owjng 
to their " pious indecency." This is also true 
of many of his sermons, especially those treat- 
ing on the Holy Ghost. But much of his writ- 
ing is helpful and abounds in passages of clear- 
ness and beauty. 

Ount Zinzendorf died May o, 1760, aged 
about sixty years. Thirty-two ministers, from 
various parts of the world, followed his re- 
mains to his grave. His work was left to the 
care of his son-in-law, John de Watteville, who 
became the head of the Moravian community. 
Belief ontaine, Ohio. 


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Gospel Messenger for 1902 



An Educational Book for the Yonng 

la What You Will Find 
Sister Lizzie Miller's. .. 

Letters to the Young. 

It describes her trip across the Atlantic, her 
anding and trip to the Land of the Midnight 
Sun, and gives a most vivid description of the 
scenery along the way. It has numerous illus- 
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many, France, Venice, Jaffa, Bethany, Shilob, 
Nazareth and Damascus. 

Every boy and girl should read thie book. 
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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 40. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 11, 1902. 

No. 2. 



The Brethren in History, L 7 

The Beginning '7 

The Sea of Galilee * 6 

Querists' Department 20 


The Dying Preacher. By J. Oliver Barnhart r8 

Why Ask It? By James M. NeH 18 

With My Bible at Saled and Tiberias. By Albert C. Wieand 18 

The Zionist Movement Again 10 

When Does the History of tile Church Begin? By Carman C. John- 


Why Is It So? By A Hutchison rg 

Love in its Component Parts. By C. H. Brubaker 19 

Elders' Meetings. By W. R. Deeter 20 

The Upper Room. By Mrs. Ghosn-et-Howie. in S. S. Times 20 

New Year Resolutions. By ]. W. Wayland, 21 

Sanctification-John 17: r 5. By P. B. Fitzwater 2t 

Inattention at Church. By N.R.Baker at 

Chips from the Workhouse, fy Daniel Vaniman 21 

Thoughts on the Old and New Year. By Chas. M. Yearout 22 


The old Hymns. Selected by Marguerite Bixler 23 

Under the Devil's Flag a 3 

Daily Observations. By Carrie A. Westergren 23 

The Shoemaker and the Infidel -23 


The Comparative Table a 7 

Notes from India. By S. N. McCann, 27 

To China's Millions through Japan. By John P. Mohler 27 

This Panama Canal, with the work done to date, 
has been offered to the United States for forty million 
dollars. This is less than half of the valuation placed 
on it before the meeting of Congress and the accepting 
of the Nicaragua canal treaty. Had the property been 
offered at this price to the Commission appointed to 
make investigation on the two canals and report to 
Congress, the report submitted by the Commission 
might have been different. At present the indications 
are decidedly in favor of the Nicaragua route. Still, 
this greatly reduced price may open up the way for 
considering the Panama offer. There are some things 
in favor of both routes. The Nicaragua route is long, 
186 miles, will require more dams, more work to con- 
struct the canal — and be much more expensive to oper- 
ate than the Panama route. It will take vessels much 
longer to pass through the Nicaragua canal, and this 
is a matter of no small consideration. But it is near 
the great line of travel, and in time the countries 
through which it is to pass are almost certain to fall 
into the hands of the United States. The Panama 
canal need not be over thirty-eight miles in length, and 
can be made a sea-level route. The cuts will not be 
anything like as deep as those along the route to the 
north, nor will the construction of the canal cost as 
much. It can be operated for considerable less than 
the Nicaragua canal. It will contain fewer curves, in 
fact no sharp curves, and is not so likely to be dis- 
turbed by silts, floods and storms. Being located in 
a foreign country — the northern part of Columbia, a 
country never likely to fall into the hands of the 
United States government, might give rise to serious 
complications. The Panama route is doubtless the 
best and cheapest, but there are objections that wil 
difficult to overcome. 

devise ways of giving profitable employment to all 
those making the favored island their home. It will 
be his purpose to maintain as strongly as possible the 
good relations that now exist between the people of 
Cuba and those of the United States. Of himself he 
says : "My property, confiscated by the Spanish govern- 
ment, was offered to me if I would return and take the 
oath of allegiance. Now the property is again mine 
and I go back to a free country, the chosen head of my 
people. 1 was not enthusiastic about the presidency, 
and it was not until my old friend, General Maximo 
Gomez, requested me to stand as a candidate that I 
consented. General Gomez and I were together in 
the field, and we were together in exile. If I consult- 
ed my own desires I would remain in private life witli 
my family, but I have never refused a call to duty 
from my country, and I will not refuse now. I will 
return to Havana in the latter part of April, but will 
leave my two eldest sons here to complete their educa- 
tion." With a good government established in Cuba, 
the way will be open for religious work, and our peo- 
ple ought not to be too slow about entering the field. 
The earnest ones need not wait to be sent by the Mis- 
sion Board. Some of them may be able to find em- 
ployment, and support themselves while opening up 
the good work. Who will be the first one to enter 
Cuba with the whole Gospel ? 


The election for the first President in Cuba occurred 
last week. That is the electors were chosen. Practi- 
cally there was but one man in the race, Thomas Es- 
tranda Palma, General Maso, the other candidate, hav- 
ing withdrawn. The electoral votes will, of course, be 
cast for Mr. Palma, and he will then become the first 
President of the Cuba Republic. The vote was sur- 
prisingly light. This was hardly to have been expect- 
ed at the first presidential election. Various reasons 
are assigned for this indifference. Mr. Palma has 
been residing in New York for several years. He 
promises to give Cuba a vigorous and economical gov- 
ernment. His idea is to make no unnecessary display. 
but to put the country on a good financial basis and 

provide food for the royal company, their servants and 
soldiers. In places the line of march was lined with 
curious people for days before and after the passing 
ol the imperial party. The emperor is melancholy 
and listless, and pays no attention to the crowds that 
kneel along tile roadside as he passes nor does he seem 
to see the devout Chinamen who burn incense as an 
act of worship. The Empress Dowager, however, is 
alert and active and keenly watches everything that 
happens. When the party arrived at one of the points 
near Peking, the master of ceremonies commanded 
the spectators, to kneel. The foreigners present re- 
mained standing, whereupon the master of ceremonies 
ordered that hats be removed. This order was obeyed 
and natives and foreigners bowed to the Empress, who 
in turn bowed and smiled. The royal palace in Pe- 
king, at great expense, has been refitted for the royal 
family. In the way of display and comfort the rooms 
for the Emperor and Empress are probably unexcelled 
in the world. All this expensive display is being made 
by a country that is just now enormously in debt. 
Since the return of the royal family to Peking the 
course of the government will be watched and studied 
with more than ordinary interest. Some predict an- 
other outbreak of the boxers. Should this occur on 
anything like a large scale it is likely to prove the 
downfall of China as a nation. 

Some time ago large packages of Confederate mon- 
ey were shipped from the United States to certain 
parties in Manila. These notes went into the hands 
of Pedro Blaza, an enterprising Filipino residing in 
that city. He had in some way just heard of the 
downfall of the Southern Confederacy. He succeed- 
ed in working off hundreds of these worthless bills 
on the unsuspecting people. The scheme went on for 
days, Blaza growing rich while money was becoming 
wonderfully plentiful in Manila. Finally there came 
a complaint from one of the banks that they had re- 
ceived a great many Confederate $100 bills from na- 
tive and Chinese merchants. The complaints became 
more numerous, and suddenly it was realized that the 
city had been flooded with Confederate money. The 
detectives were put to work, but for a time were una- 
ble to find the source of supply. The secret service 
was called upon and captured Blaza. His house was 
searched and three large packages of the notes were 
found. This put an end to a further circulation of 
Confederate money but it did not help the merchants, 
the bankers and others who were well supplied with 
the notes. This was, of course, unfortunate and dis- 
appointing. For a time business was more or less par- 
alyzed. But how about those who carry a worthless 
religion to these people? Just now missionaries are 
being sent to the Philippine Islands. Some will teacli 
one thing and some another. Some will teach the 
old disannulled Jewish Sabbath and will do their ut- 
most to get the people to accept the law of Moses rath- 
er than the Gospel. In time the people may find out 
that they have been misled, but they are the ones who 
will have to suffer on account of the mistake— they 
will suffer the loss of confidence. As for the false 
teachers, they will be looked after in the next world. 

It had been arranged for the Emperor and the Em- 
press Dowager of China to enter Peking last week. 
But the journey has been slow, and the time for the 
royal pageant to enter the capital city is the early part 
of this week. Peking is crowded with visitors who 
have come to witness the grand oriental procession. 
Every room is said to be packed, and not a few have to 
take their meals on the streets. All along the line of 
march the different cities have been severely taxed to 

Tin-: Gobi Desert embraces a vast area in central 
Asia. It may be crossed from south to north in a 
week, but it would require months to pass througli the 
desolate region from east to west. As far as the eye 
can reach, nothing but a barren, sand-covered waste 
can be seen. There are great plains, lofty mountains, 
extensive valleys and deep gorges without either wa- 
ter or vegetation. Many streams flow into the desert, 
but they are soon lost in the deep and ever-shifting 
sand. Great storms sweep over the plains and clouds 
of dust roll over the region. These sand storms of- 
ten prove fatal to man and beast. Those who under- 
take to cross the desert must make special prepara- 
tions for the unpleasant and dangerous trip. They 
must carry water enough for the entire journey, as 
no water fit to drink can be found in any part of the 
arid region. It, however, has been crossed by ven- 
turesome travelers, the last one being Dr. S. A. Hedin, 
a noted Swedish explorer. For the last year or more 
he has been exploring the Gobi Desert and Thibet, the 
mysterious country. He spent months in this desert 
years ago, and at one time he and his companion were 
lost for three weeks in the immense sea of sand. Most 
of the days were made as dark as night by dense 
clouds of sand. During his late trip he found many 
buried cities, showing that the region was at one peri- 
od the seat of ancient Buddhist civilization. Centuries 
ago these cities were in the midst of densely-populated 
and thriving communities, but now they are buried in 
sand. Here and there the higher parts of some of the 
buildings are still above the drifting sand. In time 
some of these ruins may be excavated and discoveries 
of importance made. In the buildings thus covered 
anil kept dry by the sand, documents of great antiqui- 
ty may yet exist in a good state of preservation. 

Tin: misunderstanding between Chili and Argen- 
tine may possibly be settled without a resort to arms. 
An agreement was reached concerning the disputed 
territory for the present, and awaiting a final settle- 
ment by arbitration. King Edward has been selected 
and accepted by both governments as arbitrator. To 
him the points in dispute, with the evidence, will be 
submitted for a decision that is likely to give satisfac- 
tion. This means much for all concerned. 



Jan. II, 1902 


*' Study to show thyself approved imto God. a workman that needeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ol Truth " 



He lay upon his dying bed, 

A preacher in bia prime— 
A blighted tree, that soon must shed 

Its leaves in summertime. 
Though many a staunch and younger tree 

Has bowed before the blast 
And many an aged trunk, we see 

The gale uproot at last; 

And many still, in age that thrive 
And laugh when tempests blow, 

And some though young and weak survive, 
His time has come to go. 

Disease long preyed upon his frame 

Till helpless now and frail, 
"Twill not for very long remain 

To breast the sturdy gale. 

With riven heart and naked limbs, 
Its earth-bound ties must sever 

And th' immortal life that dwells within 
Return unto the Giver. 

But ere his soul departs from this. 

He turns his raptured eye 
From visions of that world of bliss 

To which he fain would fly, 

And bids them bring that volume old. 

Whose worn and faded lid 
Has treasures richer far than gold 

Within its covers hid. 

He cast his eyes upon the book 

As oft in other days, 
And then with earnest, pleading look 

For strength and wisdom prays. 

For strength that he once more might break 

The bread of life eternal: 
That sinners might their way forsake 

And share the joy supernal. 

Then his trembling tongue in rapture dwelt 

Upon the old, old story 
Of him who such compassion felt 

That from his throne of glory 

He came to dwell with sinful men, 

Their lost souls to redeem, 
And when this life has reached its end 

To take them home to him. 

And then with thrilling, God-lent power. 

He told the strength to save, 
Of him who in his dying hour 

His murderers forgave. 

And wondrous gleams of holy light 

Shine in his dying eye, 
As in celestial colors bright 

He paints the home on high. 

And then his voice grew faint and hoarse, 

His tailing sight grew dim, 
Life's sands have nearly run their course; 

No more of earth for him. 

Quicker and shorter grew his breath, 

But yet upon the Book, 
Ere closed those faithful eyes in death, 

He cast one lingering look: 

For it had been life's dearest joy. 

To read its pages o'er, 
Now at his heart Death's fingers cloy, 

He loves it more and more. 

Oh, miser with your lands and gold, 
At mammon's shrine dost bow, 

Who to that god thy life hast sold, 
Oh, come and watch him now. 

Oh, mark that bright seraphic gleam 

That lights his features pale 
And glories from that page that stream 

To light him through the vale; 

Oh, couldst thou see the angels bright 

Beside his couch that wait, 
In robes of pure, celestial white 

To bear him through the gate, 

Wouldst thou not tear thine idol down 

And willing bear the cross 
To gain like him such glorious crown 

Above earth's pain and loss? 
Oh, what are all earth's jewels rare 

And all thy gold and lands 
To gems he in his crown shall wear. 

And the white stone in his hands? 

See! Softly now he sinks to rest. 

Death's film comes o'er his eyes. 
Yet on his faintly-throbbing breast 

That precious Volume lies. 
They deemed him by its weight oppressed, 

Totake it from him tried; 
He clasped it closer to bis breast, 

Then smiled and gasped and d'ed, 



A certain lawyer . . . desiring to justify himself, said 
unto Jesus, And who is my neighbor?— Luke 10: 25, 29, Re- 
vised Version. 

It is clear to be seen why the lawyer asked, " Who 
is my neighbor?" He asked it for the purpose of 
self-justification. He was one of those narrow, exclu- 
sive, self-centered Jews who had fenced off from all 
the rest of the world a few of his own class and clan 
whom he was trying to love as himself, while shutting 
his heart to the want and misery and yearnings for 
fellowship, love and sympathy of all the rest of the 
world. He had just rehearsed before Jesus, among 
other commands, this, " Thou shalt love . . . thy 
neighbor as thyself." And when he saw Jesus look 
into his face and felt him look into his heart, and heard 
him say, " This do, and thou shalt live," he could al- 
most hear the Master think, " Your life is a perpetual 
violation of this sacred command." But the lawyer 
had a theory fixed up in his own mind as to whom he 
should love and whom he needn't, — a theory that kept 
his conscience in a measure quieted, — and with the in- 
tention of arguing the case, showing the plausibility of 
his theory and justifying his own selfish life, he asked, 
" Who is my neighbor? " 

Now that's why the lawyer asked the question ; but 
why do we ask it? Why was not Christ's reply to 
the lawyer sufficient to settle the question for all time 
and all people? I'll tell you why. It is because there 
are still thousands of religionists that in this respect 
are very much like the lawyer. Many of their fellow- 
men they are holding off at arm's length and saying, 
" I am under no obligations to you. You never did 
any special act of kindness to me. You have no just 
claims upon my love." Yet they remember the com- 
mand, " Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself," and 
they try to make themselves believe they are obeying it 
by trying to make themselves believe that only those 
they do love are their neighbors. And in their desire 
to justify themselves in this belief they ask, " Who is 
my neighbor? " And the sacrilegious effort is even 
made to prove that Christ meant by the parable of the 
good Samaritan to teach that he only is your neigh- 
bor who has done you an act of kindness. 

Now the parable of the good Samaritan means one 
of two things. It either means that we should love 
as ourselves only those who treat us as the Samaritan 
treated the unfortunate man by the wayside, and so 
teaches us absolutely nothing about our duty to the 
thousands upon thousands of the poor and unfortu- 
nate one* with whom we have never come in personal 
contact and who have never had an opportunity to 
do us a personal kindness ; or, on the other hand, it 
means just what Jesus Christ says: " Go, and do thou 
likewise." " Likewise? " How is that? Why as 
the good Samaritan did, no matter where you find the 
unfortunate that needs help. You may never have 
known him before. He may belong to a race or a 
class between which and yourself there has been a 
social barrier or an ancestral prejudice as high and 
insurmountable as that between the Jew and the Sa- 
maritan; nevertheless if he needs your help and sym- 
pathy, " Go, and do thou likewise." 

If the first interpretation contains the thought 
Christ meant to convey to the lawyer, if I need to love 
as myself only him who has done me some special act 
of "kindness, then the Lord's answer was exactly such 
an answer as the lawyer wanted, and Jesus' words 
actually justify the lawyer's past selfishness and want 
of love. The lawyer had asked, " What shall I do to 
inherit eternal life?" Why did Jesus refer him to 
the commandments? Why did he say, " This do, and 
thou shalt live"? Because the Master knew that the 
questioner had not been living up to the moral law. 

The whole attitude of Christ toward this lawyer, as 
well as the lawyer's attitude toward Christ (he "stood 
up, and tempted him"), shows that the lawyer was 
not right at heart. Can it be possible that any of us 
would suppose that Christ would commend such a 
questioner and teach a doctrine that would justi- 
fy such a life? Is there another instance in all the 
existing records of Christ's life where he commended 
selfishness and compromised with narrow-hearted 
self-righteousness ? There is none ; and to place such 
an interpretation upon our Lord's language in this in- 
stance is to make him contradict everything else that 
he ever said upon the subject of man's love for his fel- 

" Who is my neighbor? " Why ask it? It sounds 
too much like saying, " Lord, I want to get through 
by loving just as few people as possible. Show me 
precisely who are my neighbors. I shall try to love 
them as myself, but no more." A speech more be- 
coming the Christed soul would be, " Lord, open wide 
the door of opportunity, that I may find the poor and 
unfortunate of whatever class or race, and whether 
they love or hate me, may I have grace to recognize 
them as my neighbors and love them as myself." 

But some one protests, " I cannot love everyone as 
myself." I do not know what you can do, but I do 
know that you have no right to interpret Christ's 
words in the light of what you can or cannot do. The 
fact that you have not learned to love your neighbor 
as yourself has nothing whatever to do in explain- 
ing what Jesus meant by the parable of the good Sa- 

But see here. If you cannot love your neighbor 
as yourself, you cannot live up to the Golden Rule. 
This matter of loving others as ourselves the Lord in- 
tends shall show itself in practical life. To love oth- 
ers as ourselves is to do to others as we would have 
them do to us. If you can do the second, you can 
do the first. Why don't you put the Golden Rule 
this way: "Therefore all things whatsoever ye would 
that men should do to you, do ye even so to those who 
have been very, very kind to you "? If he meant that 
love to others, in the same measure that we would re- 
ceive it, should be so limited, why not service like- 

Indeed, I do not see how our Lord could have more 
forcibly set forth man's duty to man in universal love 
and service than he did by citing the example of the 
good Samaritan and then saying, " Go, and do thou 
likewise." And to teach that Jesus here meant any- 
thing short of universal love and service, is to perpet- 
uate, as I see it, a fatal and inexcusable heresy. 

Fruitdale, Ala. 



No. 13.— Our First Glimpse of Lake Galilee and 
Some Scenes on Its Shores. 

Last evening, Oct. 18, about an hour before sunset, 
as we rode, after a long, tiresome day in the saddle, 
into Safed, a city set up on a mountain top, we had 
our first view of the Lake of Galilee. Was it en- 
thusiasm, or was it sentiment, or perhaps imagination, 
I know not, but that brief glimpse was one of the 
most lovely scenes my eyes have ever looked upon. I 
was weary; the whole day's journey had been new 
and delightful ; we had seen the fountain heads, 
streams and the valley of the Jordan, also Lake Me- 
rom ; the mountain pass we had come through was 
interesting. Safed itself was charming and unique; 
but when I looked down those stretches of mountains 
and hills and valleys, and saw the beautiful blue sea 
nestled deep within its mountain walls, I was as in a 
dream, the immediate surroundings and my weariness 
were forgotten, the present vanished and a flood of 
thoughts of other scenes of long ago came over me. 

Soon after sunrise this morning we were in the sad- 
dle, winding our way down the ravines, between the 
rocks, and over the hills, and finally over the plain of 
Genessaret and along the edge of the lake until about 
noon when we drew rein at the town of Tiberias. It 

Jan. II, 1902 


is a privilege not to be lightly esteemed and an experi- 
ence not soon forgotten. 

Most of the way we could look down upon the blue 
waters and study the size and shape, the shore, the 
modern villages and picture the probable ancient cities 
and towns which some think almost entirely sur- 
rounded the lake in the time of our Lord. And then, 
too, we tried to picture the multitudes following the 
Great Teacher, to see enacted again his wondrous 
works towards the children of men. We talked over 
some of his teachings, and thought and felt and sang, 

"More of Jesus would I know, 
More of bis grace to others show." 

It was such a lesson in Bible geography and history 
and the teachings of Jesus as one rarely is privileged 
to enjoy. 

This afternoon we strolled out through the narrow, 
dirty, foul-smelling streets, down to the seaside. We 
were wandering about seeking a way out of the town, 
when to our surprise we came upon a scene that in- 
terested us very much indeed. A number of small 
boats were moored near the shore, and on the beach 
were ten fishermen mending their nets. It was a 
simple, very ordinary sight, no doubt ; and I suppose 
the men and boys who gathered round us and fol- 
lowed,^ as we left the place thought us very strange, 
indeed, and wondered what could bring us to this 
place. But here we saw before our own eyes such a 
scene enacted as did our Savior long ago on these 
same shores, when he said, " Follow me, and I will 
make you fishers of men." (Matt. 4: 21. J And 
thus do these truths gain new illumination and force. 
At almost every turn we are reminded of some bibli- 
cal statement, illustration or nomenclature, and they 
always become more real and precious. > 

It is this that is indeed following in the footsteps 
of Jesus. Following them literally only so that we 
may understand better his life and his teachings in 
order that we may live the Christ life more fully. 

To-day was the Jewish Sabbath. We were remind- 
ed of it at our hotel in Safed last night when the 
landlord said to us, " Shall I light the lamp for you? 
I am a Jew and it is but a few minutes more until 
the Sabbath." And again to-day, as we passed 
through the business streets and saw the shops nearly 
all closed, we were glad at least that the Jews of Ti- 
berias were men of convictions. 

And to-night after sunset when ends the Hebrew 
Sabbath a congregation of them collected on the slope 
before cur hotel, faced towards Jerusalem and recited 
some ritual of prayers. What it was I know not: we 
understood only the "amen." (The priest led the 
service and all the people said amen.) But it was a 
solemn sight to us, as we thought of him who was 
the consummation of all their hopes, the fulfilling of 
the law and the prophets, whom they rejected and 
condemned, nailing him to the cross. May the Great 
Shepherd of Israel have mercy on his people. 


Of the Zionist movement a recent issue of the Chi- 
cago Tribune has this to say editorially : 

The Zionist conference now in progress at Basle, 
Switzerland, is a significant gathering. It is an evi- 
dence of national self-consciousness, of the compel- 
ling force of kinship, of the persistence of historical 
recollections, and of the power of an ideal. The Zi- 
onist movement is permeated with sentiment and ro- 
mance. Out of it, however, might arise practical con- 
sequences that would affect the world. If it should 
prove possible to restore the Jewish nation to the 
Land of Canaan and to give it again a separate na- 
tional existence the flight from Egypt would seem by 
comparison an event of minor importance. 

Those persons who construe certain passages of 
scripture in an exactly literal sense are of course 
obliged to believe that in the latter days the scattered 
tribes will be gathered together again, that the dis- 
persion will come to an end, and that the reorganized 
Jewish state will continue to the end of time. There 
is nothing in prophecy, however, that requires one to 
assist in its fulfilling. If it is to be fulfilled it will 
fulfill itself. So, apparently, think a large propor- 

tion of the Jews dispersed through Europe and Amer- 
ica. Dr. Herzl and Max Nordau think otherwise. 
They have thrown themselves into the Zionist agita- 
tion with the greatest possible energy and enthusiasm. 
They have coaxed, flattered, upbraided and de- 
nounced. The result has been a general interest in 
the Zionist idea and the holding of various interna- 
tional meetings for conference and discussion. Be- 
yond this little seems to have been accomplished. It 
may be, of course, that the near future will show the 
effect of the present propaganda, and will witness the 
rise of a general determination on the part of the 
Jews to return to their former home. At present, 
however, there are a preoccupation and a listlessness 
that make decisive action seem improbable. 

Not that the average Jew is unaffected by the no- 
tion of a reunited Israel. The glamour of such a no- 
tion affects even the Gentile. That a nation should 
be gathered up from every corner of the world after a 
dispersion of centuries and brought back to the scene 
of its former glories almost overwhelms the imagina- 
tion. It is impossible that anyone should remain en- 
tirely cold when a plan of this kind is on foot. If 
American Jews are less enthusiastic than Max Nor- 
dau would like to have them it is not because they 
have become rich, and therefore cold, but because they 
are so much at home in the United States. In this 
country the Jew is under no political or economic 
disadvantages. Therefore, while indignantly repudi- 
ating any suggestion that he has lost his loyalty to 
his race, he cannot see that anything is to be gained 
by a second exodus. He has become an American, 
and an American he will continue to be. This coun- 
try has given no better proof of its ability to natural- 
ize the stranger. 

• ■» ■ 



Lest this should seem to minimize the incomparable 
majesty of Jesus Christ as the Divine Man, as the 
grand fulfillment of the old dispensation, and as the 
glorious author of the new, be it said in passing, that 
no fact in church or secular history is so profound as 
the fact of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus 
Christ. Undoubtedly the revelation which God made 
of himself in the life and personality of his Son was 
the most complete and satisfactory revelation that di- 
vinity ever made to humanity. Christ, however, had 
stamped his nature upon the church long before it 
became evident to man; so not in point of time but in 
point of origin the church begins in Jesus Christ. 
This truth can be appreciated only to the full when 
one has dug in the lore of the ancients from Nippur 
to Rome until his whole being exclaims with Dr. 
Schaff, " Jesus Christ, prophet, priest, and king of 
mankind — the center and turning point of all history 
— the key to all mysteries — all must consciously or 
unconsciously, directly or indirectly contribute to thy 
glory 1 " 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


If one considers the fullness of God's conception 
when he designed to save man after the fall, the ori- 
gin of the Christian church dates from Eden. If by 
Christian church one does not mean the actual, visi- 
ble organization of faithful adherents to a set of 
principles, but rather the invisible, spiritual union of 
the soul with its Maker, then the Christian church 
finds its origin in the spiritual union with God of the 
first penitent soul after the fall. 

If a preacher and his followers should con- 
stitute the historic germ of the Christian church, 
then the story of Noah must stand at the 
opening of our first chapter. If the choice 
of a righteous man and the naming of his suc- 
cessors as the receivers and conservators of God's rev- 
elation should mark our starting point, then the Chris- 
tian church finds its initiation in the calling of Abra- 
ham. If the direct announcement of a Savior's per- 
sonal coming be considered, the church began when 
the " voice " was first heard " in the wilderness." If 
the pre-baptismal influences of Jesus Christ, his own 
baptism, his first announcement of principles, the bap- 
tism of his first disciple, his crucifixion, his giving of 
the commission, or his ascension be studied from cer- 
tain considerations, any one of them may be assumed 
as the initial factor in the church's history. 

Finally, if it were essential that Christ should be an- 
nounced, be born, live, preach, win disciples, die, arise, 
ascend and give place for the full office of the Holy 
Spirit before the Christian church could be established, 
the Christian church began at Pentecost. 

'Tis a question full of all sorts of speculation, both 
philosophical and theological, and an attempt to settle 
the question is like our feeble attempts to determine 
other dates in infinity. Who will dare to write God's 
biography? As soon assume to choose any point in 
time as the starting point of the church's history; for 
all the points that we have mentioned simply mark 
stages in a progressive revelation of God to man ; and 
the Christian church is older than man himself, has 
always existed, has embraced every righteous soul 
that ever lived, and finds its creed scattered through 
human history from the first breath in Eden to the 
last inspiration in the twentieth century. 



I am not a little puzzled to understand why it is 
that there are botli brethren and sisters who are not 
pleased with the plain style of druss recommended by 
our Conference. They say it is not sustained by the 
teachings of the New Testament. And up to this 
time I have not found one of those who are not satis- 
fied who was not leaning toward the world. And why 
they turn from the counsels of the Brotherhood and 
fall in line with that which they know the New Tes- 
tament does not teach, is just a little more than I can 
grasp. If they were to suggest or propose some- 
thing more in keeping with the plain principles as 
taught by Christ and the apostles, then I could see a 
possibility of a desire to ascend the scale to a plane 
more in harmony with the higher or Christ life. But 
when I see a decided tendency to move worldward, I 
cannot see how the ideal Christian life can be devel- 
oped by pursuing a course of that kind. 

If we turn to the history of the great and noble, in 
church or state, we do not find them ever worrying 
themselves over the latest style of apparel. But we do 
find them wrestling with some great problem for the 
bettering of the condition of mankind, or for the pro- 
motion of the cause of Christ in the world. What any 
sister can see in the wearing of a hat that will in any 
way enable her the better to glorify God in her body, 
or spirit, I am utterly unable to see. Or how a brother 
can wear fashionable apparel to the glory of God, I 
know not. See 1 Cor. 10: 31. Let us all live for 
Christ and the church. 



In Two Part5.— Part Two. 

" Love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up," 

After all the manifestations of love in patient en- 
durance, and little acts of kindness, the love as here 
represented will not allow the individual to go about 
boasting of the great things it did. Love boasts not 
of the works of love. It does not take time to tabu- 
late all the little outgoings and incomings for mere 
show, but it lets heaven record the words and deeds of 
kindness ; it never gives one the feeling of importance 
to such an extent that he says, " I don't believe anyone 
can do this work but me. I wonder what the church 
will do when I am gone. I'm afraid the church will 
go to pieces when I am dead." No, love is not so 
self-important as that. It works along quietly, hum- 
bly, but earnestly. 

The most efficient workers are those that are so 
completely lost in their work of love that they scarce- 
ly have time to tabulate in writing the results. They 
are more interested in making impression in their own 
field on the hearts of the hungering and thirsting. 


Jan. ii, 1902 


'■ Doth not behave itself unseemly." Here we have 
love acting in society. Love does not always stay at 
home, but it goes out in company. It goes to see the 
neighbors; it calls on strangers, visits the sick and 
ministers to their wants, It does not discriminate 
between the rich and poor, but is courteous to each 
and all ; it respects old age and does not despise the 
youth. When riding in the car, it causes the young 
man to rise and give his seat to an elderly person if 
the car is full; when hearing a lecture or sermon it 
prompts us to respect the rights of those about us by 
not whispering or chattering while the lecturer or 
preacher is speaking. Love never leaves its manners 
at home, neither does it practice them away from 
home and act rudely when at home. Love is polite- 
ness all the time and it always " tries to do and say 
the kindest things in the kindest way." Love consid- 
ers the rights and privileges of others. 


Love " seeketh not her own." In this day of rights 
we hear a great deal about the rights of the child, the 
laboring man's rights and woman's rights. Now one's 
rights must be what is one's own by the nature of 
things, and it does seem that if one had a claim on 
anything it would be on his own. It seems to be nat- 
ural for us to seek that which is not our own, and that 
is covetousness ; but here we are told that " love seek- 
eth not her own." How unselfish love is ! It does 
not even seek after that which belongs to her. I have 
seen people, perhaps you have seen them, too, who 
sought and sought for days, for their opinion, which 
was probably no better than anybody else's, and when 
they couldn't make it prevail, they would say by their 
actions, if not by words, " If I can't have my way I 
won't have any." I suppose they forgot that " love 
seeketh not her own." 

If love in the individual " doth not seek her own," 
should not love in an associated group of individuals 
act by the same principle? It would seem that the 
love manifestation should be the same, yet we hear it 
said that the church has certain established opinions 
that she must maintain, even though it place good hon- 
est people outside the pales. Is this love seeking her 
own? Love seeketh the lost. Jesus came into the 
world to save sinners. He gave himself to seek and 
save the lost. With the same spirit we, too, instead 
of seeking our own, will give ourselves in trying to 
seek and save the lost for whom Christ died. We 
have no time for self-seeking. Our time should be 
spent in soul-winning. This is our mission, 

"Are we true to the trust he gave us? 
Do we seek to do our best ? 
If in our heart there is naught condemns u3. 
We shall have a glorious rest," 


Love " is not easily provoked." How nicely this 
follows the thought, " seeketh not her own." If we 
don't always get our own way, we can still bear it all 
in good temper. Is it not a little surprising, though, 
to have the characteristic good temper coupled with 
love? This matter of temper is often considered very 
lightly and excused on very poor reasoning. It is 
said, " It is my temperament. I can't help it. My 
father was a hot-tempered man, and I inherited it 
from him." With due deference to inherited traits, 
why could not the thief, the murderer, and liar excuse 
himself on the same ground? Many people are seem- 
ingly nearly perfect, were it not for this bad disposi- 
tion, hot temper, clinging to them. Any little thing 
going wrong causes them to lose their balance. I be- 
lieve we look too lightly and excuse too readily this sin 
of the disposition. " Love is not easily provoked." 

Just think of the elder son in his angry mood, stand- 
ing outside, refusing to go in because his father had so 
welcomcly received the returned prodigal! How it 
must have filled the father's heart with anguish to see 
him act so much like a baby! I wonder if the prodi- 
gal saw how provoked his brother was. If he did, it 
must have had a bad effect on his feeling of welcome. 
We make a great to-do over the prodigal's mistake, 

but if we were to look closely into the matter, I should 
not be surprised if we found the elder brother the 
greater sinner. If we could read between the lines, 
who knows but what the bad disposition of the elder 
hoy had something to do in making the younger boy 
dissatisfied with home in the first place? Bad tem- 
per is almost sure to lead to unholy words or un- 
christian acts. Some one has said, " 111 temper and 
selfishness are twin explosives, about as safe to keep 
in one's home as dynamite and gunpowder." They 
have no place in the Christian's heart. " Love seek- 
eth not her own, is not easily provoked." 


Love " thinketh no evil." What a thought this is! 
Love does not impugn motives. No wonder Christ 
said, " Judge not." If love were at the root of all 
our thinking what a different world this would be! 
" Charity to all, malice toward none," is a good motto. 
The intolerant spirit is the child of the evil thought. 
The evil thought of a man toward another places both 
at a disadvantage. The estimation of the one who 
thinks the evil is lowered, and the ideal of the one to 
whom the thought is directed is also lowered. You 
can't make a person lovely by telling him how hateful 
he is; you can't make a person trustworthy by inti- 
mating to him that he cannot be trusted. Love does 
not " consider everyone a rascal until he has proven 
himself otherwise." 

It is this lack of confidence that separates people. 
Emerson in his essay "on " Compensation " says, "All 
infractions of love and equity in our social relations 
are speedily punished. They are punished by fear. 
Whilst I stand in simple relations to my fellow-man, 
I have no displeasure in meeting him. We meet as 
water meets water, or as two currents of air mix, with 
perfect diffusion and interpenetration of nature. But 
as soon as there is any departure from simplicity, and 
attempt at halfness, or good for me that is not good 
for him, my neighbor feels the wrong; he shrinks from 
me as far as I have shrunk from him ; his eyes no 
longer seek mine ; there is war between us ; there is 
hate !n him and fear in me." 

" Love thinketh no evil." It puts the best possible 
construction on the acts of another. It does not think 
that because someone else sees things in a different 
light he is insincere, that he is simply stubborn or con- 
trary. More loving thoughts in the minds of the 
people means less slander and fewer unkind deeds 
in the world. It has been said, " The world is what 
we make it;" but if we could only realize that it is 
made by thoughts, primarily, I believe we would all 
feel like breathing to God Psa. 19: 14 every day of 
our lives. 


Love " rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the 
truth." Love, then, is sincere; it is honest. It re- 
joices not in dishonesty, but in honesty ; it rejoices not 
in unchastity, but in purity ; it rejoices not in intemper- 
ance, but in temperance ; it rejoices not in anarchy and 
assassination, but in government and patriotism; it re- 
joiceth not in hypocritical deceptions, but in open- 
hearted confessions. 

Love seeks truth and rejoices when it is found; it 
is open to conviction and does not think that any one 
organization has a monopoly on truth. When truth 
is found, love does not hide it for fear some tradition 
whicii was thoroughly believed in will be upset, but 
reveals it to others so that they, too, may rejoice and 
receive the truth which tends to make one free. The 
Lord holds the seer responsible for his keener vision. 
He said to John, " What thou seest, write." Does he 
not hold us all responsible for the reception of the 
truth? Love " rejoiceth in the truth." 

Santa Barbara, Cal. 



Believing that the above meetings are not under- 
stood by many of our brethren, and that an outline of 
their work would be both interesting and profitable, 

we herewith give the work of the elders in the above 
meetings, especially as they are conducted in Northern 
Indiana. I speak of the above District because I am 
better acquainted with its workings than I am with 
any other. 

It is well known that the method that the church 
formerly had was loose, and persons were ordained 
who were not faithful, and who were not in sympathy 
with some of the doctrines of the church, which re- 
sulted in loss of love, and finally in division. There- 
fore the church, through Conference, adopted the plan 
that no brother could be ordained without the consent 
of a majority of the elders at the District Meeting, and 
that Conference has so ordered ought to be sufficient 
grounds to satisfy everyone that these meetings are 
not self-constituted. 

The meetings are organized by selecting a chair- 
man and secretary, after which the minutes of the 
previous meeting are read and the reports of commit- 
tees sent out on ordinations are heard. The roll of the 
congregations in the District is called. When a con- 
gregation is called, if there is an elder present from 
that congregation, he can answer whether there is a 
minister in the congregation that ought to be ordained, 
but if he answers negatively, that does not prohibit 
some other elder from naming a minister in that con- 
gregation, who ought to be ordained. When a brother 
is named his qualifications are discussed, and if he has 
the necessary qualifications a committee of two elders 
is appointed to go into the church to effect the ordi- 
nation. If it appears to the satisfaction of the elders 
present that the brother lacks the natural qualifications, 
the ordination is dropped; but if it is proven to the 
satisfaction of the elders that in some particular he 
is disqualified, where he can make amends, a committee 
is appointed to inform him of his disability or fault, 
and he is admonished to make the necessary amends ; 
his ordination is postponed for a specified time, or 
sometimes indefinitely, as circumstances may demand. 

The committee sent to effect the ordination goes into 
the church and gives the church instruction on the 
importance of the work before her and the qualifica- 
tions of an elder as set forth in the Gospel, and then 
forms a board before which every member is invited to 
come and give his or her consent or objection to the 
ordination. Where there are objections the committee 
investigates the objections ; if they are well founded 
and are legal, the brother is informed of them, and if 
they are removed the ordination is effected. If no 
objections are offered, of course the ordination is ef- 
fected. If there be objections and they are not re- 
moved, the ordination is not effected, and in all cases 
a report is made to the elders' meeting the following 
year. No business is allowed to come before this 
meeting except the ordination of elders and the sus- 
pension or deposition of unprofitable ministers. 

As Paul and Peter give the qualifications of an elder 
there should be some party or parties that must decide 
whether a brother has these qualifications or not, and 
it would be hard to find any body of brethren better 
qualified to judge the eligibility of a brother than the 
elders are. The qualifications of a brother could not 
be properly discussed before a District Meeting or even 
a congregation. A little reflection ought to teach any- 
one better than that. Of course the meeting is private, 
but we should not forget there is a difference between 
privacy and a worldly oath-bound or pledge-bound 
society. The only subject discussed is reported to the 
one most interested, privately if necessary; if not nec- 
essarily private, then to the church by the committee 
ordered by the meeting. 

Milford, Ind. 


[By Mrs. Gliosn-tl-Howie in S. S. Times.] 

The traditional "upper room," Mark 14: 15; Acts 
1:13, which is shown to the traveler to-day as the one 
in which our Lord ate the Last Supper with his disci- 
ples, as the one in which the disciples abode after their 
Master was taken from them (Acts 1 : 13), and as the 
room in which they were assembled when the pente- 


Jan. II, 1902 


costal outpouring of the Holy Spirit took visible form 
and sat upon each of them, is situated on Mt. Zion, 
the highest portion of the city of Jerusalem. What- 
ever one may think as to its being the identical room, 
it is at least typically representative of that chamber. 

It is a large, solidly built stone building, the roof 
of which is supported by several pillars, and certainly 
capable of holding a large assembly. It is reached by 
a flight of stone steps from the outside, and is most 
jealously guarded by the Moslems, who grant an un- 
willing entrance to Christians, in return for a small 
fee ; but they cannot be persuaded to admit one to the 
tomb of David, which, they maintain, is below, — a 
claim which, in view of Acts 2: 29,, is an interesting 
one. ' 

It is historically certain that there was an old chapel 
on this spot in the fourth century, to commemorate the 
sacred associations above mentioned ; and, if the pres- 
ent upper room is not the identical one which our Lord 
hallowed with his presence, it is highly probable that 
it was erected on the very site of the one into which 
the disciples entered following the man bearing a 
pitcher of water "(Mark 14: 13). The present build- 
ing has every mark of antiquity, and, according to 
Epiphanius, an ecclesiastical writer ,of the fifth cen- 
tury, was one of a few buildings which escaped de- 
struction by Titus. 



Shall we make them? Yes, by all means. But 
we soon forget them, and are no better off than 
we were before. Aren't we? Let us see. 

A number of years ago I had to cross a river every 
morning to get to my work, and every evening to get 
home. I paddled across the river in a small boat. 
There was a considerable current in the stream, es- 
pecially when the water was " high." On account of 
the strong current my boat was often carried down 
stream a distance as great as the width of the river. 
The first morning I came out far below the landing. 
Had I tied my boat where I came out, and started back 
from there in the evening, I should have been down 
stream the second morning a hundred yards below 
where I started in the first morning. At that rate in 
a few days I should have been drawn over the rapids, 
a half mile below. But what did I do? On the sec- 
ond morning, before starting across, I paddled up 
stream, along the bank, about fifty yards ; then setting 
the head of the boat against the current I managed to 
come out on the other side just at the landing. This 
I did each morning and evening thereafter. 

Now, where should I have landed pretty soon if I 
had never hauled up stream? Where shall we all 
pretty soon land if we never make good resolutions? 

But why make resolutions only at New Year? Why 
won't some other time do just as well? Certainly, 
some other time will do just as well, if you don't for- 
get it. All the better if you make new resolves for a 
better life every day; but don't we let a great many 
days slip by without seriously realizing the importance 
of a careful inspection of our life and conduct? We 
are in the habit of thinking somewhat seriously at 
New Year, aren't we? Then let us not allow this 
time also to slip away unimproved. 

Bridgewater, la. 



Owing to a superficial knowledge of the Scriptures, 
ihe precious doctrine of sanctification is improperly 
understood and in many instances grossly abused. 
Some take the presumption and erroneous position 
that a person can become absolutely holy, having not 
even that thing sin about them. Others swing to the 
other extreme, saying that to live in the flesh is the 
normal experience of the believer. In order to avoid 

these two errors I present the Bible teaching on this 


1. A setting apart for some specific and holy use. 
This is the primary meaning of the term, and is God's 
side of the question. The moment one believes on the 
Lord Jesus Christ, God sets him apart, sanctifies him. 
This phase of sanctification is perfect and absolute. 
This is a legal, or judicial act of God, whereby a man's 
relationship is transferred. 

2. A separation from sin — all moral defilement. 
This is man's side of the question, and is the conse- 
quent of the other. God having freed him from the 
guilt of sin and imparted to him the dynamic of his 
own being, whereby he is made partaker of the divine 
nature, demands his separation from all defilements. 
This is not accomplished at once, but there is a growth 
in grace and the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
He is transformed from glory to glory. He leaves 
the things that are behind and presses toward the mark 
of the upward calling in Christ Jesus. It is a progres- 
sive work, and its goal will not be reached until He 
shall appear and we shall see Him as He is and be like 
Him. 1 John 3 : 2. 


Sanctification in the sense of my text is the develop- 
ment of that new principle of life imparted to the be- 
liever in regeneration by the Holy Ghost. This is 
done (a) by showing what habits of life to shun, and 
(b) by displaying the infinite loveliness of God, there- 
by creating new fdeals of life. The ideal controls the 
man. As a man thinketh in his heart so is he. The 
Word of Truth being the medium through which sanc- 
tification is effected, we cannot have much progress 
along the line of holy living as long as there is so much 
neglect of the Bible. If we would be vessels purged 
and sanctified, meet for the Master's use, we must be 
more diligent in the study of God's Holy Word. 

Sidney, Ohio. 



Next to a good speaker is a good listener. And 
good listeners to some extent make a good speaker. 
Few people realize, perhaps, how much easier it is for 
the speaker when he sees that his audience is following 
him and is interested in what he is saying. Many peo- 
ple go to church from custom or habit or from a sense 
of duty, without higher motives. 

I have frequently noticed how pupils, when inter- 
ested, lean forward as if to catch every sound. The 
eyes remain steadfast while the point is being devel- 
oped and a sharp sparkle announces the reception of 
the conclusion of each idea, showing that it is grasped 
by the mind. But what a picture of repose is some- 
times the attitude of a " good old deacon " or " mother 
in Israel " when at divine service. They come in and 
sit down in some favorite corner of a seat where they 
can utilize the end of the seat for an additional sup- 
port, always compelling the less favored later " com- 
ers " to crowd past them. There they strike an atti- 
tude which seems to say, " Well, we're here. Now 
when we get through with the sermon we'll have our 
religious ' duties ' for the week attended to. Then 
we can plod homeward and go out through the corn- 
field :o see how it is earing or go to Bro. So-and-so's 
for a visit and incidentally a dinner." This inert, in- 
apt, easy, half-recumbent attitude is not the attitude of 
interest. This dull, sleepy, frigid countenance is not 
the indication of attention. And the preacher knows 
it. He not only knows it, but he feels it. 

Try this next Sunday, brethren. Take a seat near 
the pulpit, anywhere so it is near. When the sermon 
begins place both feet on the floor, lean slightly for- 
ward <.nd put your mental capacities to work. Give 
close and rapt attention. Keep your brain busy. 
Take up a point and carry it farther than the preacher 
does. Tell him about it afterward. He will thank 
you for it. Do this and you will hear a better sermon. 

If you don't, you will the next time, for when the 
speaker sees you are wanting something and expecting 
something and eager for something, he will the better 
prepare himself before coming before you. The 
preacher will improve, the hearers will improve, the 
church will improve both intellectually and spiritually. 
Wluslcr, Ala. 



McPherson College Mission Band, organized 
six years ago, consists at present of thirty-five 
members who meet at 6 P. M. of each Tuesday for 
prayer and study of the habits, conditions and needs 
of the various nations in the one great world-field, 
taking one country at a time, such as India, China, 
Japan, South America, etc. The geography, the 
climate, the habits, conditions and needs of the 
people, the methods employed by missionaries 
already there, results, etc., are all studied system- 
atically and reports of their work made to the 
church at her council meetings. Also public en- 
tertainments have been occasionally given by the 
band, illustrating on maps and otherwise the situa- 
tion, the needs and the progress of missions in the 
countries studied. Thus others not members of 
the band are also helped by having their scope of 
knowledge broadened, the missionary sentiment 
deepened, and the need of going or sending made- 
more impressive, as the scope of their knowledge 
is enlarged, and their hearts are touched by the ex- 
isting needs and the Master's " Go ye." 

At present the band is studying a small twenty- 
five cent book called " Introduction to the Study 
of Foreign Missions," by Fdward A. Lawrence, 
being chapters 1, 2, 7, 8, q of " Modern Missions in 
the Fast." This work should not only be read, 
but studied by everyone who is a member of any 
mission board, in order that he may be in possession 
of the methods of procedure as developed through 
a period of one hundred years of practical effort 
and among many different nations. This little 
book should not only be read by members of the 
mission boards, but by all who are in any way in- 
terested in missions and also by those who are not, 
in order that they may also become interested. 

The primary object of missions is to develop na- 
tive churches with a view to their reaching a self- 
supporting and self-extending system. When this 
is accomplished, the mission has reached its aim 
and accomplished its purpose, and should move on 
to the regions beyond. A mission is but the first 
step in the conversion of a nation, though it may be 
the longest single step. The main part of the work 
yet devolves upon the native church in each land. 
The converts must convert. New churches must 
evangelize and Christianize. The people of India, 
China, Japan, etc., are each to be brought to Christ, 
not by missions, but by the native churches which 
have been securely planted by the missions. 

McPherson, Kans. 


What a transformation man has wrought in mat- 
ter! Nature says, Here is a lump of mud; man an- 
swers, Let it become a beautiful vase. Nature says, 
Here is a sweet briar ; man answers, Let it become a 
rose double and of many hues. Nature says, Here is 
a string and a block of wood ; man answers. Let them 
be a sweet-voiced harp. Nature says, Here is a daisy ; 
Burns answers, Let it become a poem. Nature says, 
Here is a piece of 'ochre and some iron rust; Millet 
answers, Let the colors become an Angelus. Nature 
says. Here is a reason rude and untaught ; man must 
answer, Let the mind become as full of thoughts as 
the sky of stars and more radiant. Nature says. Here 
is a rude affection ; man must answer. Let the heart 
become as full of love and sympathy as die summer 
is full of ripeness and beauty. Nature says. Here is 
a conscience, train it; man should answer. Let the 
conscience be as true to Christ and God as a needle to 
the pole.— Newell Dwight Hillis. 


Jan. II, 1902 



So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our 
hearts unto wisdom. — Psa. 90: 12. 

1 often think of the statement of the psalmist : " W« 
spend our years as a tale that is told." We pass 
through them and they are soon forgotten, unmindful, 
seemingly, that the labors of all these passing years 
will meet us in the future state. 

The year 1901 will be written no more. Its labors, 
toils, aches and pains, as well as its" joys and happi- 
ness, are all numbered with the things of the past. 
Unfulfilled resolutions and obligations, and neglect- 
ed opportunities are gone forever. The records of 
1901 are made; the pages in life's book are being 
filled as the years go by. How unmindful we seem to 
be of the awful fact that we must face those records 
in eternity ! What will the records of these years re- 
veal at the great day of judgment, when all secrets 
shall be made known? There we shall meet the re- 
sults of the life we have lived, and receive for that 
which we have done, whether it be good or bad. The 
acts, deeds and words of the teeming millions of 
earth are all indelibly written, and must be met and 
answered to in the hereafter. 

Our lives are not accidents, there is a cause back of 
all. The subtle influences of the forces of darkness 
are arrayed against the forces of light, and we are- 
being influenced and governed by either the one or 
the other of these forces ; the one has a tendency to ele- 
vate and leads to noble, unselfish aspirations and puri- 
ity of life, and the other has a tendency to degrade, 
and leads to the gratification of selfish desires, and is 
in opposition to the principles of truth as set forth in 
the revelation of God. 

We seem to put too high an estimate upon the nat- 
ural life, and not high enough upon the spiritual : 
" For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that ap- 
peareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away." 
But the solemn truth that "this life does not end all 
should concern us more; there is an eternal existence 
beyond the confines of time, unmeasured by the flight 
of years, and we are journeying to that clime of end- 
less life. Here each succeeding year marks the num- 
ber less and brings us nearer the close of this mortal 
existence, and nearer to that great day when the books 
will be opened and the records of our life-work be 
made known. Many thousands that crossed the 
threshold of 1901 with us have passed into eternity; 
their life work is done; they have gone to meet the 
Judge of quick and dead, and we are following after. 
How many of us, that cross into the year 1902, will 
live to see the end? Could the vail be drawn back and 
we be permitted to look beyond the dark river and view 
the gathering of the nations to judgment, and see the 
separation of the righteous and the wicked, we would 
take account of our years and apply them in prepara- 
tion for that great day. 

May the year 1902 witness an improvement in our 
lives, a greater consecration to the divine Master's 
service, and stronger efforts to build up the church 
and keep it pure and separate from hurtful worldly 
influences. How many will make efforts to grow bet- 
ter themselves, and try to be the means in God's hands 
of leading at least one precious soul to Christ and sal- 
vation during the year 1902? The golden opportuni- 
ties of the past are gone forever; let us improve ihe 
present and future. 
Warrensburg, Mo. 

When your love grows so cold that no one can hear 
its throb or feel its beat, you have somehow grieved the 
Holy Spirit and lost touch with Jesus Christ, who is 
the only source and supply of Christian love. And 
when your enthusiasm wanes and all your Christian 
duties are performed in a dead, perfunctory way you 
have somehow quenched the Spirit and shut off the 
living truth, Jesus Christ, from your mind and heart. 
Feed on the word of God and keep constantly in fel- 
lowship with Jesus Christ by prayer and your fires 
of zeal cannot die. — Rev. C. P. Ditmers. 



Lesson for Jan. 10, 1902. 

Golden Text.— The Lord added to the church daily such 
as should be saved. — Acts 2: 47. 

The thought of this early church being established 
at Jerusalem, the great Jewish center at that time, 
is an interesting one and is worthy of careful study. 

The first thought is as to who and what kind of 
people composed the great Pentecostal gathering that 
was there at this time. From what is said in the 
first part of the chapter, it is evident that there was a 
large number of strangers in the city. But com- 
pared with the city population and the surrounding 
country, these strangers would form only a small 
part of the whole. And we have further evidence of 
this from the fact that a large number of the " added " 
remained at Jerusalem after receiving the gift of the 
Holy Ghost, as is shown further on in this book. 

Second, the character of these people who dwelt 
in the city and surrounding country. It would seem 
that they were largely of the disciples of John who, 
only a few years prior to this, had baptized them in the 
Jordan, they confessing their sins and receiving the 
promise that the Promised One should soon come and 
baptize with the Holy Ghost. " Then went out to him 
Jerusalem and all Judea, and all the regions round 
about Jordan. And were baptized of him in Jordan, 
confessing their sins." Matt. 3: 5, 6. This was less 
than three years before the time of our lesson. And 
as but few changes could take place in the location of 
this people during this short time we are forced to 
the conclusion that a large number of John's baptized 
disciples were at this meeting. 

Then, the congregation consisted first of Jews who 
had been scattered abroad, and who had heard but 
little or nothing of Jesus as the Christ, and had re- 
turned to the city to attend the feast ; second, of home 
Jews who had rejected both John and Jesus ; and, 
third, of John's disciples. 

To this congregation Peter preached, and so power- 
ful was the preaching that all must have been con- 
vinced that Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God. 
Those who had not known of Christ and those who 
had known but rejected him, would naturally cry 
out, "Men and brethren, what shall we do?" They, 
as yet. had done nothing. To these Peter said : " Re- 
pent and be baptized every one of you in the name of 
Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins." These were 
baptized. And the same day they, with the believing 
baptized disciples of John, were added to the church, 
up to three thousand. How many of the baptized 
on this day heard for the first time, and how many 
of John's disciples were added will never be known. 
Neither is it necessary that we should know. This 
we do know : They were all believers ; they all had 
been baptized, and all received the Holy Ghost. This 
made them legal church members and gave them heir- 
ship in the new kingdom. 

And the same must be true of us. We must be- 
lieve ; we must be baptized, and we must receive the 
gift of the Holy Ghost, or what the Holy Ghost has 
to give. It will be well to note here the difference 
between receiving the Holy Ghost and receiving the 
gift of the Holy Ghost. 

The next thing we have to learn is that these con- 
verts " continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine, 
and in fellowship." These are two very essential ele- 
ments in the new life. The doctrine directs in the 
Christ work, and the fellowship centralizes the work, 
in a way that makes it effective for good ; which is, 
after all, the great purpose of the religion of Christ. 
He went about doing good. And so we are to do. 
The breaking of bread to each other in loving remem- 
brance of what he did for us, and continuance in 
prayer will prove wonderfully helpful to us in living 
the Christ life. h. b. b. 


The real believer in Jesus Christ is as sure that 
God, the Father, will judge as he is that he will re- 


We do not propose to attempt to name all the kinds 
of Sunday-school teachers, nor to tell all that might be 
said about any one kind. We sometimes think that 
there is no limit to the different kinds. 

One of the most common kind is the one that seems 
to have been born to talk. To put it in the language 
of a recent remark made to me, " They talk their 
classes to death." One of the hardest deaths is that 
of being talked to death, they say. I never could 
understand why any Sunday-school teacher would 
persist in doing all the talking when there may be in 
his class several that would be glad to say something, 
if the teacher would just consent to rest himself long 
enough to give them a chance. The reason may be 
that the teacher thinks that talking is teaching, just 
as many people seem to think that the minister with 
a great multitude of words is an excellent preacher, 
when the real truth is, some men will preach more 
and better in five words than others with five thousand 
words. A blackbird will use up more breath than 
a lark, but not make one-tenth the music. It may be 
our misfortune that talking is not teaching, for, if it 
were, what famous teachers some would be ! A good 
teacher does some talking, but not every talker teaches. 
It all depends upon the kind of talking that is done. 
To the talkative teacher allow me to say in a sort of 
private and confidential way. Give the class a chance. 
It will help you to save your credit. And credit is 
not a bad thing to have. 

There is another extreme to all this, and that is the 
teacher that comes before his class and has nothing to 
say. I have seen some that were actually so empty 
that they did not ask even one intelligent question. I 
recall one class that could recite only by urging the 
teacher on by tramping his heels, so to speak. That 
class, or rather the recitation, reminded me of a four- 
horse team in which the lead horses did not move fast 
enough to keep out of the way of the wheel horses. 
The best remedy in such a team is to put the wheel 
horses in front. The best way in such a class is to 
put the teacher where he belongs, — in the class, and 
then proceed to get a teacher. 

Another kind of teacher is the one that comes be- 
fore the class with quarterly or lesson help in hand, 
and with a sort of dignified air on account of the im- 
portance of the place he fills as teacher, proceeds to 
ask the questions precisely as he finds them on the 
printed page. After the questions have been gone 
over, such a teacher is in a rather embarrassing posi- 
tion if the superintendent has not rung time to close. 
Not being able to find any more questions in the 
quarterly, and not having enough life to frame some 
of his own, nor thoughtful to call upon the class to 
ask questions, such a teacher usually takes a seat with 
the class and anxiously waits for the superintendent 
to call the classes I know of one teacher of this kind 
that actually went to the extent of trying to frame 
questions out of the italicised analysis that is found 
in most Bibles at the beginning of each chapter, and 
doing the same with the italicised lines at the top of 
the pages. 

I might name other of the wrong kinds of teachers. 
But some one will rightfully say. Why be always point- 
ing out errors without offering a proper remedy? 

The remedy for all forms of false ideas and prac- 
tices as to teaching is, Corne before your class having 
previously mastered your lesson. Ask such questions 
as will aid your pupils to discover the truths of the 
lesson in such a way as to cause them to be so im- 
pressed with these truths as to accept and obey them, 
and you will be a true teacher, for teaching is the art 
of soul-touching. 

Let us be silent as to each other's weakness, helpful, 
tolerant, nay, tender toward each other. Or, if we 
cannot feel tenderness, we may at least feel pity ! May 
we put away from us the satire which scourges and 
the anger which brands ; the oil and the wine of the 
good Samaritan are of more avail. 

Jan. ii, 1902 






Thar 's lots o' music io 'em— the hymns o' long ago, 

An' when some gray-haired brother sings the ones I used to 

I sorter want to take a han'! I think o' days gone by:— 
"On Jordan's stormy banks I stan' and cast a wishful eye!" 
Thar's lots o' music in 'em— those dear sweet hymns o' ol', — 
With visions bright o" lan's o' light, an' shinin' streets o' gol'; 
An' I hear 'em singin' — singin' whar' mem'ry, dreamin', Stan's, 
" From Greenlan's icy mountains to India's coral stran's." 
They seem to sing forever of holier, sweeter days, 
When jhe lilies o' the love o' God bloomed white in all the ways; 
An' I want to hear their music from the ol' time meetin's rise 
Till " I can read my title cl'ar to mansions in the skies." 
We never needed singin' books in them ol' days— we knew 
The words— the tunes of every one the dear ol' hymn-book 

We didn't have no trumpets then— no organs built for show; 
We only sang to praise the Lord "from whom all blessin's 


An' so, I love the ol' hymns, an' when my time shall come — 
Before the light has left me, an' my singin' lips are dumb, 
Ef I kin only hear 'em then, I '11 pass without a sigh 
"To Canaan's fair and and happy Ian', whar my possessions 


In the M. E. church at Centerville, Iowa, Mr. Mil- 
ler, an evangelist of marked ability, recently held a 
revival. One evening he preached on dancing. The 
question was, " Can I dance and be a church mem- 
ber?" The house was crowded, and the audience 
was deeply affected by the discourse, in which Mr. 
Miller proceeded to show why dancing was done under 
the devil's flag. The following we cull from the Daily 
Citizen, published at Centerville : 

" God's people must be a peculiar people," the 
speaker continued, " but if they indulge in the same 
amusements as the ungodly, where is the difference? " 

He showed how little indulgence the world grants 
to the dancing, theatre going, card playing church 
member, and how influence is curtailed by these es- 
sentially worldly amusements. 

" I want at this juncture to show why I as a Chris- 
tian cannot uphold the dance and why it is under the 
devil's flag. 

" I want to explain that expression. I knew a min- 
ister who was an officer in the war of the 6o's. While 
in the South he, in company with others, was invited 
to an elegant home to a dinner. After an hour of 
pleasant conversation the dining room was opened. 
He happened to glance up to the chandelier, there he 
saw the rebel flag. He halted, saying, ' Excuse me, 
I can not sit down.' The lady of the house with sur- 
prise asked, ' What do you mean ? ' He replied, ' I 
am a soldier for Uncle Sam and under oath to be true 
to the old flag. I see the rebel flag over your table 
and cannot sit down under it.' We all admire that 
spirit, whichever side we were on at that time. It is 
the conceded testimony from saints and sinners that 
dancing, card playing and the theater and such like 
are under the devil's flag. What business has a 
church member finding pleasure under the devil's 

A scathing denunciation followed that caused self- 
indulgent church members and self-satisfied world- 
lings alike to squirm in their seats, and was concluded 
by the following extract from a tract : 

" The dance is one of the most favorite amusements 
of the vile everywhere; it is the companion vice with 
drinking and other sins ; it dissipates the mind, cor- 
rupts the heart and sears the conscience, the decolette 
dress of the dance is the immoral invention of har- 
lots ; the german and round dances are favorites in 
brothels ; the liberties allowed in dancing are nowhere 
else allowed in decent society and under other circum- 
stances they furnish grounds for divorce ; it brings 
virtue in close connection with vice at late hours and 
under excitement in which virtue is well nigh power- 
less — it is so closely allied to licentiousness that the 
vilest places in our cities are called ' dancp houses': 

the police reports show that a large proportion of 
abandoned women are ruined in connection with the 
dance and would not like to meet death at a dance or 
in a ball dress." 

Then the speaker spoke of his own infatuation for 
the dance before his conversion at the age of nineteen, 
and how he was cured by finding himself at a dance 
one evening in a wayside inn, which soon proved to 
be a questionable resort. 

Then with a warning cry the speaker turned to the 
audience. " If you are a girl," he said, " who is in- 
fatuated by the whirl of the dance and have retained 
your purity, get down on your knees and thank God." 

He answered the question raised by his theme, 
" Can I Dance and be a Church Member? " by saying, 
" Yes, you can do all these things from the church, 
and go to hell as straight as you would from the dance 
hall or the brothel." 

Continuing he said, " The church is the bride of 
Christ. He is the rightful husband of every true be- 
liever, and the church member who runs after and 
embraces the world is like the woman who turns her 
back on her lawful husband and embraces other lovers. 
And she who does this will be branded by all good 
people as an adulteress. The church member who runs 
after and embraces the world is declared by High 
Power as an adulterer or an adulteress. James 4: 
4, ' Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that 
the friendship of the world is enmity with God? ' " 

This he continued for an hour, waxing warm, car- 
rying the audience with him. Turning to the organ 
he sang: "When You Come to Death's Cold Flood. 
What Will You Do?" The song finished, he sprang 
up, saying. " You are dismissed," but not a soul moved. 
The second time he said, " The meeting is out," but the 
people could not realize it was so. Many were heard 
to remark as they left, " It is all true." 



One day I met a lady who seemed very much inter- 
ested in discussing the dress question. At the wind- 
ing up of the subject she remarked: " But you people 
are not fully persuaded, either, as to the form of your 
dress. I see through your paper some dissatisfaction 
on the part of the members, whose minds must be un- 

A few Sundays ago, when we had that great " tem- 
perance lesson " before us, I wondered, in comparing 
the two together, — " King Alcohol " and " Queen 
Fashion," which of the two causes the greatest foes 
and woes? Both are hard masters, and, alas! yet in- 
numerable are their slaves. 

The church has taken a stand against " intemper- 
ance," and we are also aware of the " temperance so- 
ciety '' and its move against this one evil, and it means 
for them neither to touch nor handle. But what of 
the " Paris fashion ? " Are we sisters with our noble 
profession endeavoring to root up her evils, or are we 
discouraged because we cannot invite her to our 
homes? Sisters, can we not settle this question in 
our mind and on Bible truths, and be willing to 
represent ourselves as an " army " against this evil, 
with the modest apparel as becometh godly women, 
and thus save the church from criticism? 

Methinks I see all our sisters of our beloved Broth- 
erhood stand up as one, realizing their responsibility 
against " fashion." As Christians can we not be as 
brave in this as is the lady with the white ribbon 
pinned to her breast ? 

The appetite for drink robs homes, starves children 
and ruins the man himself. It is cruel ! The woman 
who considers but little her husband's hard earnings, 
whose appetite is for the latest cut of fashion and must 
be had at any cost, cares but little what is left for 
husband's and children's meals. Neither time nor 
money affords husband a favored or substantial dish 
after a day's hard labor, and if he complains, — nay, 
we dare not look at that picture any longer ; it appears 
equally as cruel as the former. The many unhappy 
homes and untimely graves filled are not all due to 
" intemperance." No, the nervous and impatient 

lady, because she took " fashion " into her partner- 
ship, has caused equally as much sorrow 1 
401 Eleventh St., S. E., Washington, D. C. 


A gentleman in the West sends the following to 
a religious journal : " In our neighborhood lived an old 
shoemaker on a little farm, and on rainy days and in 
bad weather he mended shoes. He was one of the 
most devout members of the church, and though he 
could neither read nor write, yet no one, not even the 
minister, could make a stronger prayer or get " nearer 
to God " than he. And he lived his religion every day 
in the week, so that no one could doubt his sincerity. 
We had also in our community an avowed infidel, a 
man who never missed an opportunity to get a crowd 
around him and to prove to them that the Bible and 
its teachings were false. He made the boast that 
' some day he was going over to take all the religion 
out of the old shoemaker.' One day he wanted his 
shoes half-soled, so he went over and soon brought up 
his favorite subject. As he talked, the old man pegged 
away at the shoes, and said nothing. After a while the 
infidel wanted to know if the old man didn't think he 
was about right and that ' the Bible was a humbug.' 
The old shoemaker stopped his pegging and looked up,. 

Well, now,' he said quietly, ' if the Bible is not true, 
when we both come to die, I am in as good a fix as you 
are. But if the Bible is true, and Christ is a reali*y, 
then when we both come to die, I am saved and you are 
lost.' And he smiled and resumed his work. 

" When I heard of it, I said to myself that until I 
heard some argument that would answer the old shoe- 
maker's, I would never read an infidel book of any 
kind, nor go and hear an infidel talk. Many a time 
during the last thirty years, when I have heard some 
one ridicule religion and the Bible, the old shoemaker's 
answer would come to my mind, and I would think 
' what a poor consolation infidelity lias, where it's all 
to lose and nothing to gain.' " 


Unless there is a reserve of enthusiasm stored on 
the hills the humblest wheel cannot be driven in the 
valley. He who contributes just this one rare thing 
— self-sacrificing devotion — to his cause has done his 
part. Six hundred English dragoons once received 
a foolish order and rode to their deaths like heroes. 
" Magnificent," said a French general, " but not war." 
It was magnificent, and perhaps it was war; for it 
fired the imagination of England and raised the stand- 
ard of duty for a century. . . One who can plan 
is good ; far better is the man who can stimulate. . . 
History affords at every turn some impregnable for- 
tress that was the despair of the wise and prudent, but 
was carried by some enthusiast with a rush. He cast 
his reputation, his life, his all into the breach, and his 
body made the bridge over which the race has entered 
into its heritage. — fan Maclaren. 



For Week Ending Jan. 3J, 1002. 

1. Being Filled with God. Eph. 5: 17, 18. The Spirit will 
teach and guide. John 14: 26; 16: 13; l Cor. 3: 8-1 1; Rom. 
8: 26, 27. God is ready Io work in ua and by us, if we yield 
ourselves to him. Fbilpp. 2: 13. 

2. Constant Meditation on the Word of God. Ps. 119: 24, 
97-105, 130, 16s; Josh, i: 8. 

3. Close, Abiding Intercourse with the Lord Himself. John 8: 
12; 10:3,4,27: 15:7. 15- 

4. Obedience. John 15: 14. Only aa we obey do we receive 
light for further perplexities. 

5. Holiness of Heart and a Pure Life, Eph. 5; 8-10; 2 Pet. 1: 
3-9; Isa. 58: 5-1 1. 

6. Absolute Dependence. Prov. 3: 5, 6; Ps. 37:5,6. Trusting 
not in sell, and depending upon the Lord, we find safety. 

7. Unwavering Faith. James 1: 5-7. Perfect confidence in 
our Divine Leader knows no failure. 

8. Practical Fvery-day Self-denial for the Good of Others. 
Isa. 53: io, 11; Ps. 121. 

9. Absolute Surrender of All to the Lord. No reserve, no com- 
promise! All or none. " Forsake all and follow me," 
If we are to have much of God, he must have much of us. 
Christ our all and in all. 


Jan. ii, 1902 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Miller, ttllnoli, ( _.,.„„ I J. H. Moors. - - - Office Editor. 

H. B. Brumbaogh, Pa., ) Bai10 ™ 1 | Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

Jos. Amick, Business Manager. 

UdrUory Co— wtiOf: Danitl Bay: W. B. Dtettr\Edvard Front* 

tyAll business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren PublUblng House, Elgin, III., and not to any 
individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

The new church at Lordsburg, Cal., is to be dedi- 
cated Jan. 19. 

Five recent accessions are reported in the Mechan- 
icsburg church, Pa. 

Bro. R. J. Shreve, formerly of Waterford, Ind., 
ihould be addressed at Buchanan, Mich. 

Bro. P. R. Keltner writes us that one was baptized 
at Sterling-, 111., on New Year's day. 

For the present, Bro. J. M. Elliott, of Mexico, Ind., 
should be addressed at Rockyford, Colo. 

Bro. Dorsey Hodgden is now engaged in a pro- 
tracted meeting in the Roann congregation, Ind. 

A series of meetings in the Welsh Run church. Pa., 
closed with six accessions by confession and baptism. 

Bro. Jesse Stutsman, of Pitsburg, Ohio, closed a 
meeting in his home congregation, on New Year's day, 
with five accessions. 

Bro. L. H. Eby, of Maitland, Mo., locates at Fort 
Wayne, Ind., for the purpose of taking charge of the 
mission work in that city. 

Bro. E. M. Cobb is at this time engaged in a series 
of meetings in Lanark. He passed through Elgin 
last week en route for that place. 

A revival meeting in the Somerset church, Ind., 
closed Dec. 29 with six accessions by confession and 
baptism. Three were reclaimed. 

During Bro. C. P. Rowland's labors in the Knob 
Creek church, Tenn., five accepted the conditions of 
pardon, and put on Christ in baptism. 

Jan. 2 a series of meetings in the Sugar Creek 
church, Ind., closed with twenty-two baptized, one 
restored to fellowship and another applicant for bap- 

During Bro. Dorsey Hodgden 's late series of meet- 
ings at Tunker, Ind., seven came out on the Master's 
side and were received into the church by confession 
and baptism. 

Bro. Frank Flsher, the former manager of the 
Old People's Home at Mexico, Ind., accompanied by 
his wife, is now at Glendora, Cal., where they will 
spend the winter. 

Bro. E. B. Bagwell, of Bremen, Ohio, writes that 
he has been suffering with rheumatism for six months, 
but is now improving, and hopes to resume his work in 
the ministry before long. 

For the next issue we have a report from Tennessee, 
stating that during the recent protracted effort in the 
Pleasant Hill church five put on Christ in the holy 
rite of Christian baptism. 

Thousands of our readers will thank Bro. W. R. 
Deeter for his article this week on Elders' Meetings. 
This is a live subject, and what he says will be read 
with interest and profit. We wish our contributors 
would write more on these live, practical topics. 

BuO. Chas. A. Bame and wife are engaged in a 
protracted meeting in the West Dayton church, Ohio, 
Sister Bame conducting the song services. 

Bro. G. V. Goshorn, of White Cloud, Kans., has 
this good thing to say of the Messenger: " It seems 
to me that the good old Messenger grows in grace 
and in the knowledge of the truth." 

After a number of weeks in the field Bro. I. J. 
Rosenberger has returned to his home at Covington, 
Ohio. He says that above all other places on earth, 
it is home, sweet home, that he loves best. 

The District Meeting for Texas and Southwestern 
Louisiana was held at Roanoke, -La. The weather 
was not very favorable, and yet there was a good meet- 
ing. Bro. Joseph Minix will represent the District on 
the Standing Committee. Two papers go to the An- 
nual Conference. 

Bro. Jacob B. Speicher, who. recently took charge 
of the Old People's Home at Mexico, Iqd., died last 
week, and was taken to Waterloo, Iowa, for burial. 
This leaves the Home without a manager. Bro. 
Speicher was a very promising brother and his death 
will be greatly regretted. 

Hundreds of people are this year receiving the 
Messenger as a Christmas present. Never before in 
the history of the paper have so many sent the paper 
to their friends in this way. We are sure that those 
who have been thus favored are greatly pleased, and 
we are equally certain that it will do them good. 

On page 32 Bro. J. R. Snyder tells us of a man who 
was greatly surprised to find that the Brethren have 
such a paper as the Messenger. Encouraging reports 
of this kind come to us from various parts of the coun- 
try. We need not be ashamed of the Messenger. It 
may be placed in the hands of everybody, and anybody. 

The Mormons are reported to have one hundred 
and twenty-five missionaries at work in Germany, and 
it is said that they have made fully two thousand con- 
verts. It is remarkable what a united and enterprising 
people can do, even with a doctrine that is known to 
be false. They are a people that will compass land and 
sea to make converts to the doctrine of Joe Smith. 

What must be thought of men and women who 
would consent to perish for the want of water just be- 
cause they are not permitted to drink out. of a cup 
made of silver or gold ? The people who stay away 
from church, Sunday after Sunday, just because the 
preaching is not done by a minister of the finest schol- 
arship, come wonderfully near belonging to that class. 

In addition to a picture of a modestly-attired sister 
the Los Angeles Herald, for Dec. 28, contains a good 
cut of the Brethren's new church at Lordsburg. Then 
follows a fairly-well written account of the Brethren, 
dealing largely with our external peculiarities. The 
article, however, ends with the following very credita- 
ble paragraph : We are apt to think of those who prac- 
tice so many peculiarities as being too particular and 
lacking the proper spirit. But the members of this 
church have many admirable qualities. Though many 
of them are quite wealthy they treat their poorer breth- 
ren as equals and brotherly love abounds. They form 
a very desirable class of citizens, being peaceful, indus- 
trious and thrifty. 

Our attention is again called to the spurious letter 
from Jesus said to have been found under a stone, both 
round and large, eighteen miles from Iconium, seven- 
ty-five years after the crucifixion. The fraud has 
been exposed time and again, and yet some people will 
keep on circulating it. The letter is circulated princi- 
pally by the Sabbatarians, and is employed for the pur- 
pose of misleading the uninformed. It may be safe to 
say that Jesus left no writing upon the earth. His 
teaching was oral from the start, and after his death 
was committed to writing by those who wrote as they 
were moved by the Holy Ghost. In the New Testa- 
ment will be found the only words of Jesus that have 
come down to us. Everything else ascribed to him 
has been found to be spurious. 

Each year inquiries come to us regarding the pro- 
priety of Christmas trees in Brethren churches, or in 
Sunday schools controlled by the Brethren. We have 
invariably advised against the Christmas tree per- 
formances in the house of God. If we understand the 
spirit of the New Testament Christianity it must be 
evident that the Lord does not want his house used in 
that manner. The house of God is a house of prayer, 
and not a place of amusement. It is sacred, and 
should ever be kept as such. To admit the Christmas 
tree is to pave the way for other things still more ob- 
jectionable. It will also be found wise to keep these 
trees out of our Sunday schools, for it is only a step 
from the Sunday school to the church. 

Last Sunday night two thousand Jews assembled in 
the Medinah Temple, Chicago, to hear Dr. Hirsch dis- 
cuss the Zionist movement. The Doctor has no desire 
to exchange his interest in America for a home in 
Palestine, but says he will not oppose a feasible move- 
ment to return such of the Jews to their native land 
as desire to go. He thinks that the thousands of Jews 
in Russia might be settled in the Holy Land, and he 
is in for anything that will better the condition of the 
race. His speech filled the Jews with enthusiasm, and 
two thousand arose to their feet to express their inter- 
est in the welfare of their own people. The Zionist 
movement is assuming marvelous proportions. It is 
attracting world-wide attention. It seems that the 
hand of God must be in it. 

We hear of one locality where the Brethren have 
the people so thoroughly indoctrinated along certain 
lines that the ministers of other denominations have 
to baptize some of their converts by trine immersion. 
They do not like to do it, but rather than lose a convert 
they submit. It is somewhat humiliating to have to 
do the very thing against which they now and then 
preach. But that is the way it goes with those who 
have departed from the apostolic form of worship. 
If they would accept the " one Lord, one faith and one 
baptism," as taught in the New Testament, they would 
not need to be accused of preaching one thing and 
then practicing another. The minister who preaches 
against trine immersion in the morning, and then in 
the afternoon takes two of his converts into the water 
and baptizes them in that way, shows to the world 
that he is either knowingly preaching against the truth, 
or else submitting to something in which he has no 
faith. As a matter of consistency he should either 
quit preaching against trine immersion or cease prac- 
ticing it. 

Sister Sarah Palmer writes us from Red Bluff, 
Tehama Co., Cal. She has gone there to make her 
home with one of her daughters, who united with the 
Brethren church twenty years ago. As for herself, 
she has not heard any of the Brethren preach for a 
number of years, and says that her only sermons are 
those she gets from the Messenger. She further adds 
that one of her sons, who is a member of no church 
at this time, says he will join no church unless he can 
find a Brethren church. The sister pleads for a 
preacher and a Sunday-school worker to come into 
that community and instruct the people along gospel 
lines. We make mention of her request, hoping that 
some earnest preacher and devout Sunday-school 
worker will respond to the call. It might be well for 
some member, who has the means to spare, to have a 
dozen copies of the Messenger sent to the people in 
this locality. A dozen copies of the Messenger in a 
neighborhood, followed up by earnest and well- 
directed preaching, will result in good. 

Scattered over the United States are thousands 
of Brethren's children, who have respect for the church 
and her doctrine, and yet have never entered the fold. 
Some of them have gone to other persuasions, and are 
practically lost to the church. This is not as it should 
be. We ought to hold on to our own children, and 
the fact that we do not, in hundreds of instances, shows 
that there may be something defective about our meth- 
od. We believe that most of the Brethren children, 
that have been raised right, are in sympathy with the 
church, but for some reason many of them do not 

Jan. ii, 1902 


unite with the church. They get out in the world, 
away from the influence of the right kind of religion! 
and in time practically forget the religious principles 
planted in their hearts while they were young. We 
wonder if there is not a way of reaching more of these 
Children before they get too far away from the church 
and her influence! This is a question that well de- 
serves our most earnest attention. It is as important 
as preaching the Gospel among the nations that know 
not God. 

A^ boy one time came to a minister and asked to be 
received into the church. Among other things he said 
that he wanted to be baptized. The minister ques- 
tioned him very closely, for he thought the lad was 
quite young to be admitted to baptism. The bov, as 
older people look at religion, did not know much about 
the Scriptures, but finally said, "I think I know 
enough to begin with." Certainly, the minister 
thought, the boy knows enough to begin with. And 
who is it that does not know enough to begin doing 
right ? He who knows enough to begin the new life 
should commence without delay, and advance in the 
ways of righteousness as more light is received. This 
is all the Lord asks of any person, and yet we may 
rest assured that this much is expected of us. Why 
should it not be? Why should a man do less than he 
knows? If he knows to do good he should not hesi- 
tate to go to the limit of his knowledge. The great 
trouble with people is. they do not follow the light they 
have. They know enough, but refuse to act, and their 
conduct must be classed as disobedience. 

How often should a member of the church attend 
preaching services ? The Messenger says, as near as 
possible, attend all of the services in your congregation. 
Be as prompt about going to meeting as you are about 
going to your meals. Come from your night's rest 
on Sunday morning with the full purpose of filling 
your place at the church. Think just as much about 
this part of your life as you do about going to your 
work on Monday. Do not try to make yourself be- 
lieve you are sick when you are not. If you must play 
sick, play it during the week. You cannot afford to 
neglect your religious duties. You cannot afford to 
miss your meetings Sunday after Sunday. The risk- 
is too great. You may be tired, but you ought not to 
be too tired to worship God. If you are really sick on 
Sunday morning, too sick to work, then you may stay 
at home and rest. But do not get suddenly well on 
Monday morning, and then go to work as though you 
had never known anything about sickness. Some peo- 
ple may think that you are trying to cheat the Lord. 
As a rule there are very few good reasons why a person 
of ordinary health should not go to church regularly. 
The Messenger sets it down as a rule that the people 
who are able to go about their regular duties are able 
to go to church. 


The following sketch of the Brethren is to be found 
in the International Cyclopedia. We are pleased to 
note that the publishers of this valuable work have 
made an effort to give correct information concerning 
our people : 

The German Baptist Brethren (also known as Dun- 
kers, and among themselves as Brethren), is a con- 
siderable body of Christians, whose faith and practice 
are not generally known outside of the localities in 
which they live. The errors in the books attempting 
a description of this religious body are numerous and 
misleading. Starting with Buck's Theological Dic- 
tionary and ending with many of the later encyclo- 
pedias, error after error is found, and the faith and 
practice of the Brethren are set forth in an unenviable 
light. The reiterated statements that they are celi- 
bates, that they discourage marriage, that they do not 
marry outside of their own fraternity, that they keep 
the seventh day sabbath, that they live in communities, 
and other similar errors set forth in the books, always 
have been without foundation. The movement which 
resulted in the closer organization of the German Bap- 
tist Brethren grew out of the great religious awaken- 
ing which occurred in Germany in the latter part of the 


seventeenth century, when large numbers, becoming 
dissatisfied with the lack of spirituality in the State 
Church, withdrew from its communion and met to- 
gether to worship God in spirit and in truth. They 
organized at Schwartzcnau. Germany, in 1708, with 
Alexander Mack as their first minister; but in no way 
do they regard him as the founder of the church. 

Driven by persecution to Wittgenstein, they were 
led, by a close and careful study of God's Word, to 
reject all human creeds and to accept the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ as their rule of faith and practice. They 
turned away from the ecclcsiasticism and pietism of 
their time to mark out a new and distinct line of prac- 
tice. The mother church suffered cruelly from per- 
secution, and finally emigrated, 1719-29, to America, 
settling near Germantown, Pa., where the first church 
in this country was organized in 1723. Among the 
early emigrants was Christopher Saur, who first print- 
ed the Bible in a European language in America. The 
first edition, now a very rare book, commanding a high 
price, was issued in 1743, followed by two later edi- 
tions, one in 1763 and the last in 177ft. From this nu- 
cleus, formed in the New World, the church spread 
southward and westward, and flourishing congrega- 
tions are now to be found in most of the States. They 
are, however, most numerous in Pennsylvania, Mary- 
land, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebras- 
ka, Kansas and North Dakota. At the Annual Con- 
ference held at Lincoln, Nebraska, in 1901, twenty-five 
States and five foreign countries were represented. 
They n6w number about 100,000 communicants, have 
720 congregations with 2,600 ministers who, as a rule, 
serve without a salary. They are largely engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, but men and women in other de- 
partments of human endeavor may be found enrolled 
among them. Seven colleges receive a fair support. 
These are located at Bridgewater, Va., Uniontown, 
Md., Elizabethtown and Huntingdon, Pa.. North Man- 
chester. Ind., Mount Morris, 111., and McPherson, 
Kans. Missions have been established in Denmark, 
Sweden, France, Switzerland, Asia Minor, and India. 
The Missionary Society has an endowment fund ex- 
ceeding a quarter of a million dollars. A large and 
well-appointed publishing house, located at Elgin, III.. 
is owned by the church. It does a business of $150,000 
a year. The Gospel Messenger, the church paper, 
has a circulation of over 20,000, and the other publica- 
tions enjoy a large patronage. 

In doctrine the Brethren are strictly orthodox in 
every sense of the word. They hold the Bible to be 
the inspired and infallible Word of God, and accept 
the New Testament as their only rule of faith and 
practice. They believe in the Trinity, in the divinity 
of Christ and of the Holy Ghost, and in future rewards 
and punishments. In the subtleties of speculative the- 
ology they take but little interest. Faith, repentance 
and baptism are held to be conditions of salvation. 
These three constitute true evangelical conversion, and 
upon them rests the promise of the forgiveness of sins 
and the gift of the Holy Ghost. In practice they fol- 
low closely the scripture teaching, and observe the 
primitive simplicity of the apostolic church ; hence they 
regard nonconformity to the world as an important 
principle. They enjoin plainness in dress, settle their 
difficulties among themselves without going to law, 
affirm instead of taking oaths, refrain from taking 
prominent part in politics, are opposed to secret socie- 
ties, advise against the use of tobacco, and have a rule 
a hundred and twenty years old against the manufac- 
ture, sale and use of intoxicants. As early as 1782 
they prohibited slavery and pronounced against the 
inhuman slave trade. They baptize believers only, 
dipping them face forward at the mention of each name 
in the Trinity given in the baptismal formula in Matt. 
28 : 19. The communion of the bread and wine is 
observed in the evening after a full meal called the 
Lord's Supper. Before the supper the ordinance of 
feet-washing is observed, the brethren washing one 
another's feet, and the sisters performing the same 
service among themselves. After supper, before the 
communion is taken, the sexes separately extend the 
right hand of fellowship and exchange the kiss of 
peace. Bishops, or elders, ministers in the first and 
second degree and deacons are elected by the congre- I 

gations. Ministers are advanced from the first to the 
second degree and bishops are chosen from the latter 
and ordained by the imposition of hands. Congre- 
gations are organized into State Districts, and both 
elect delegates to the Annual Conference. Here the 
fullest and freest discussion of all questions coming 
before the assembly is permitted. The final decisions 
are rendered by a two-thirds vote of the delegated 
body and are binding on all the churches. Women are 
eligible to serve as delegates in conference. 

In 1881-3 the church suffered the loss of about 
S.000 communicants by a division in its ranks. Two 
parties grew out of existing conditions, known as the 
Old Order, and Progressive Brethren. The former 
objected most seriously to the advance the church was 
making in educational, missionary and Sunday-school 
work, while the latter insisted strenuously that the 
church was too conservative, that the rules laid down 
by the Annual Conference were oppressive and that 
greater liberties should be enjoyed in matters of dress. 
After some years of contention these parties withdrew 
In hi, the mother church and formed separate organiza- 
tions. The Old Order Brethren number about four 
thousand. They determinedly oppose higher educa- 
tion, missionary work, Sunday schools and revival 
services. They publish a paper, The I imlicalor, which 
has a small circulation. In 1890 the Progressives 
numbered anil have increased so that they now 
number not far from 13,000. They have a college at 
Ashland, Ohio, where their publishing house is also 
located. The Evangelist, their church paper, circu- 
lates pretty generally among the members of their 


The beginnings in this life always have been inter- 
esting periods to most people, and probably always 
will be. No thought in the human mind is more 
common. We are brought up with it so indelibly 
fixed on our minds that we could not forget it if we 
would and would not if we could. It is one of the 
first lessons that we learn— that to all things there is 
a beginning, that there was a time when the things that 
now are were not, and that the time in which they 
began is of special interest. Everything that we see 
or look at, after a little thought, we ask for the begin- 
ning, when, what it was like and how it was made. If 
we are unable to find the origin we are disappointed 
and call it a mystery. We do this because we have 
learned from our childhood (hat things do not come 
of nothing. In some things we seem to discern the 
beginning, but in others it is only a perpetuation of 
its kind. And then we rack our brains to know the 
beginning of the kind as perpetuated. These simple 
researches have been classified into theories, philos- 
ophies and evolutions of different kinds, among them 
meeting all the inquiries of searching minds. 

As we turn to our Bibles the very first thought 
given is, " fu the beginning." And we are made to 
say, that is all right. As a matter of fact this world 
had a beginning. It could not be otherwise. Even 
a little child readily accepts the beginning theory. " In 
the beginning God made the heavens, the earth, the 
seas, and all living things." But as we begin to think 
of the event, the thought of when begins to loom up 
in our minds ; also what was the condition of things 
before this beginning commenced. And then we begin 
to go baclc and back until we have lost our basis of 
calculation. We are swayed and lost in contemplation. 
We exhaust the possibilities of the finite and strand on 
the shore of the infinite. 

But these things, mysterious as they are to us, are 
quite as solvable as the beginning of our own being. 
It is the chihl question that has puzzled the heart and 
mind of many anxious mothers. When mother tells 
her little daughter that God made her. she is con- 
fronted with. "And who made God?" And what 
shall mother answer? The more we try to answer this 
question the more unsolvable it becomes. Have you 
tvtr 'ried it? It is the question of the world and the 
solution is an eternity away. And yet why should we 
bother our brains over a thing that it is not needful for 
us to know? There are things beyond our ken. and 





the best thing we can do is to wait until we shall know 
as we are known — and then we shall know. 

In John's Gospel we have another beginning some- 
what similar to the first one. " In the beginning was 
the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word 
was God." There was a time when the Word was 
for the first time. This time was in the beginning. 
This Word was not God, but was with God, yet sepa- 
rate from God. There was a time when this Word, 
as a personality, did not exist. This was before the 
beginning. At the beginning God had a Son who 
was, in likeness and purpose, the same as his Father. 
And in this sense he was God. The same as, in many 
cases as yet, the Son may be said to be the Father, 
because of his likeness to him. As it is often said of 
sons, they are " chips of the old block." The saying is 
a homely one, yet it very clearly conveys the idea 
of the relation of Christ, the Son of God, to the 
Father. This Son is not the Father, as some con- 
fusedly express it, but is as really and distinctly a 
son, as we have the distinctive relation to-day. 

We heard it asked not long since, by a lady, " If 
God was really the Son while in the flesh, how could 
God have sent himself into the world to redeem it, 
and yet there be a God in heaven ? And if the Son 
was God in the flesh, why did he so often appeal to 
his Father in heaven — and, at his crucifixion, say: 
'My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?'" 
These are questions that arise in the minds of many, 
because of the confused manner in which too many 
of us express ourselves when speaking of the begin- 
ning, and of the relation that existed between the Fa- 
ther and the Son. 

In speaking of this subject it is better to keep dis- 
tinctly before us the personalities of the Father, the 
Son and the Holy Ghost. Before the beginning, we 
have God. As to his origin we need not theorize or 
speculate. This has not been revealed, neither would 
we be the better if it were, no matter how desirable on 
our part it would be to know. We have to accept 
Gcd's Word and act on faith ; because, were we dis- 
posed to do otherwise, we would get on grounds that 
would be dark, without a single ray of light. The 
Bible theory is the most reasonable because of the in- 
disputable evidences that are everywhere found of the 
existence of an all-wise and all-powerful Being whom 
we call God. 

In the beginning we have the Son associated with 
God the Father. Though we cannot understand how 
the Son came, how he was made, how born, we have 
a Creator. And having a Creator, we have the pos- 
sibilities of a creation. And from this creation we 
have the Son — Jesus Christ his Son. This Son, being, 
in a sense, equal with God, was willing to save, redeem 
the world from the power of sin. And to do this it 
was necessary that he should take upon himself flesh 
and blood — the blood to spill for our atonement; and 
flesh, that he might be as one of us. Just how this 
change was brought about, of course it is not for us 
to know. The part for us to know was demonstrated 
by his taking upon himself flesh, animal life and 
humanity, through being born as a child, and allowing 
his spirit to actively develop with his body, the same 
as we develop from childhood to manhood. 

This is only a little more mysterious than is our own 
beginning. As the Christ, the Son of God, was an 
attribute of God, so are we, only coming forth in a 
more indirect form. Just when our beginning was, 
is as mysterious to us as that of God himself. By 
redemption and regeneration we are brought into the 
same family, Christ being our elder brother, we his 
brethren, and God our Father. Taking this view of 
the beginning and our beginning it ought not only to 
give us a desire to become sons and daughters of God, 
but also a higher standard for our living. And there 
can be no better time for our starting after this higher 
standard than at the beginning of this new year of 
the new century. Ht B B 


In a late issue of the Christian Herald, Rev. T. F. 
Wright. Ph D.. has an excellent article on the Sea 

of Galilee. From his communication we glean the 
following : 

The name of the Sea in Old Testament times was 
Chinneroth, and this name in later time took a form 
which we have as Gennesaret. The name Galilee, 
meaning " circuit," was at first applied to a limited 
district, but the Romans extended it over the northern 
province, and all the people of the province were called 
Galileans. The name Sea of Tiberias, which is used 
in John 21, was later than our Lord's time, and came 
from the city built in honor of Tiberius Caesar, and 
now alone remaining of the shore cities, once so nu- 

The reason that this fertile district was not more 
fully occupied in Old Testament times is probably the 
same as that which accounts for the present absence of 
towns, and that is the lawlessness of the region. 
Herod won renown and power by exterminating the 
robbers of that locality, and to-day the traveler is more 
exposed to danger here than elsewhere. Everyone 
carries weapons and looks out for prowling bands. 

Concerning the population of the district and the 
number of boats on the Sea of Galilee, Josephus, the 
Jewish historian, gives almost fabulous figures. He 
lived in the time of the apostles, and should have 
known the conditions. 

On the west side of the sea we have at this time Ti- 
berias. We have on the eastern and more hilly and 
wild side Gergesa, which is connected with the legion 
of devils and the swine ; and also, on the easterly side 
not far from the Jordan, a part of Bethsaida where the 
multitude was fed. Then, passing westward, we have 
the rest of Bethsaida and Chorazin, of which we know 
little more than the names, and then Capernaum, and 
then Dalmanutha, and Magdala, the home of Mary 
Magdalene. There were other places known to Jo- 

"As to Capernaum, the ..scene of so many events in 
our Lord's life that we may call it his home, there is 
a serious difficulty which only extensive excavations 
can remove. Opinions are divided between two places 
now known as Tel-Hum and Khan Minyeh. This 
division means that, taking into account all that we 
can read, especially in Josephus, some decide that Ca- 
pernaum stood where Tel-Hum is, and where there are 
the ruins of a synagogue and other strong buildings, 
while others favor Khan Minyeh. 

In favor of Tel-Hum is the_ name, but the locality 
is not as well adapted to a large city as is Khan Min- 
yeh. This place is two miles southwest of Tel-Hum 
and is at the head of the Plain of Gennesaret, which 
extends for two miles along the western shore of the 
lake and runs back a mile, affording a garden spot of 
unsurpassed fertility. Surrounded on three sides by 
hills, sloping on the fourth side eastward to the shore, 
well watered by springs lying at its back and sending 
their waters through it to the lake, this plain was capa- 
ble of supporting, and did support, an immense popu- 

One marked trace of the past remains in an aque- 
duct which carried the water around the face of the 
hill at the head of the plain and toward Tel-Hum. 
This cutting in the rock is about four feet wide and 
is used as a road, and travelers sometimes take it for 
a road originally, but it is most likely a part of Jose- 
phus' aqueduct. We might think of Capernaum as 
having covered both Tel-Hum and Khan Minyeh, as 
Bethsaida was on both sides of the Jordan, but it seems 
scarcely likely, as towns were usually compact. 

Our Lord with his disciples often walked upon this 
shore, and it was of a sower on the plain that he 
spoke the parable of the seed. There were the trodden 
lines of travel where the plow could not break the sur- 
face, and there were the thorns which now hold the 
ground in full possession. 

The people were fed not only from the plain but 
from the lake. It was only thirteen miles long by 
eight wide at the widest, but it teemed with fish of 
several kinds. This was due to the fresh flowing riv- 
er always pouring in from the melting snows of Her- 
mon and to the warmth of the valley, for the surface of 
the water lay an eighth of a mile below the ocean level. 

There is probably not a better place for fish in the 
world, and certainly none is known. 

The fishermen in boats about twenty feet long — 
their " ships " as the Bible has it — used nets which they 
drew sometimes into the boats and sometimes to the 
shore, especially if the net was heavy with evidently a 
large catch. A man also waded out and used a small 
net as Peter no doubt did when he caught the fish 
with the money in its mouth. Usually, however, we 
see in the Gospels the use of the larger net like a seine, 
which was weighted on one edge and floated on the 
other, and was paid out from the boat, and then drawn 
in by both ends. The fishing was usually done at 
night, when the boat would cause the fish less alarm. 
When the men came ashore they sorted the fish and 
took the best to the town and cast the bad away. Matt. 
13: 48. In the forenoon they would be mending their 
nets, as the Lord found them doing when he called 
them to become fishers of men, Mark 1 : 16-20. 

Small fishes, good to eat but not salable, were dried, 
and furnished humble but wholesome food to the 
shepherd lads who tended the flocks on the hillsides. 
So when the multitude went out after the Lord and 
had nothing to eat, there was a lad there with five bar- 
ley loaves (like biscuits with us) and "two small 
fishes," John 6: 9. And there where he fed the thou- 
sands, and all about this Sea of Galilee, as nowhere 
else on earth, except at Nazareth, we are reminded on 
every side of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

The Sea of Galilee is also variously called Lake Gen- 
nesaret, and Chinneroth (or Chinnereth). Josephus, 
the Jewish historian, calls it Gennesaritis, which seems 
to have been its designation at the beginning of the 
Christian era. It has also been called the Sea of Ti- 
berias, from the city of that name on its western side, 
and the modern appellation is Bohr Tubitriyeh. 
This whole region along the borders of the lake, 
though once densely populated, is now given over to 
"mournful and solitary silence." Writing of Tibe- 
rias (now to a great extent in ruins) John Carne, a 
well-known traveler, said : " The house of the rich 
old Jew, where we lodged, perished with the rest in a 
recent earthquake. He came here from Aleppo and 
built this house, that he might die at the Lake of 
Galilee, on the bosom of his beloved country. . . . 
The waters bathed the walls of the house, on whose 
terraced roof it was beautiful to walk .at night and 
remember the hour when the Redeemer walked on the 
surface of the waves, through the storm and darkness, 
to save his disciples." 


Are we to understand by the term "replenish " in Gen. 1: 25 
that the earth was formerly inhabited and that it should be 
replenished by Adam and Eve? — B. M. 

In this instance replenish means to fill completely, 
or to cause to abound. The earth was not inhabited 
before, and hence could not be repeopled. 

What is meant in Isa. 65: 20 by the child dying at a 
hundred years old? — Z. G. 

Reference is probably had to the millennium, when 
people will live so long that those who die at the age 
of one hundred years, will be regarded as dying while 
yet children. 

Why can you not use manuscript in which the lines are 
close together? In writing long articles it is a saving of paper 
and postage.— A. C. C, 

Closely-written matter is too trying on the eyes of 
those who set the type. Eyes are of more value than 
paper and stamps. When the lines are too close there 
is no room for the editors to make corrections. No 
one should think of having his lines closer together 
than the lines on ordinary ruled writing paper. 

Would Palestine be a pleasant country in which to live, pro- 
vided there were the right kind of people there?— G. T. P. 

Had Palestine the right kind of people, with a gov- 
ernment as good as that in the United States, the writ- 
er would as soon live there as any place he ever saw. 
The soil is fertile, in places the water is abundant and 
the climate mild. Give the Holy Land the right kind 
of a government and it will again flow with milk and 

Jan. II, 1902 



General Missionary 


...Tract Department 


D. L. Miller, Illinois I H.C.Early. Virginia 

L W. Teeter, Indiaua 1 A. B. Barnhart, Md 

John Zuck, Iowa 

C^*-Addrcsi all business to General Missionary 
unci Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. 

*The regular meeting of the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee 
wMI be in Elgin, III., on Feb. n, beginning 
at 8 A. M. The Executive Committee of the 
Brethren Publishing House will meet Feb. 10. 
Business intended for this meeting should be 
reduced to writing and sent to the Mission 
Rooms not later than Feb. 1. 


Facts are stubborn things and often speak 
loud and forcibly. The table in the next col- 
umn on this page affords some interesting 

First. The Mission Rooms invite explana- 
tions for the decrease in donations during the 
month of December. Don't be afraid to give 
the real reasons in writing, and no matter if fif- 
ty persons write; if you can give a reason, let it 
come Remember the past summer has been 
somewhat bountiful in harvest, the garners of 
most of God's people are well filled, the coun- 
try is one year further from the recent "hard 
times" than a year ago, and yet the month 
shows no growth. Why? Why?? Why??? 

Second. The table for the year makes a 
better showing. The World-wide fund is re- 
ceiving a stronger support, and that is good, 
The money for this fund is used wherevei 
needed, and it is the fund where no money lies 

While some special funds of a year ago have 
dropped out, it is an encouraging feature to 
see Africa, Porto Rico, South America, China 
and the Philippines all represented in gifts 
during the present year. When will th»*re be 
missionaries located in these fields? It is not 
so much the Mission Board's business to an 
s«'er that question as it is the business of the 
church. What do you say, brethren and sis- 

Excluding the India Famine fund of a year 
ago and the China Sufferers' fund of the pres- 
ent year, the actual missionary donations show 
a fair increase— S780.66. This covers nine 
months of the fiscal year. Will not churches 
who have not given to general mission work do 
so at once, that the increase may gro*" and by 
March 31 be anyhow $1,000? The united effort 
of each church will reach this end. 

Several years ago a little Sunday-school girl 
in a Pennsylvania home was lying sick 'of a 
fever. She had been going to a Brethren Sun- 
day school and there learned of the mission in 
India. She had a little bank where she saved 
her pennies. The doctor had come that morn- 
ing and told the mother the little girl could 
not get well, and somehow she overheard it. 
It did not sadden her. She turned her face to 
the wall and lay quiet for a lnng time. The 
mother, in deep sorrow of heart shf; would not 
reveal in her eyes, sat there watching every 
movement of her loved one. At last the little 
girl turned over and looked at her mother aB 
she said, " Mamma, I 'm going to die and go to 
Jesus, When I 'm gone get my bank and send 
the pennies to Mt. Morris to the Missionary 
Committee to send the Gospel to the heathen." 

She died. In sorrow she was laid away. 
And when the mother came to put away her 
darling daughter'* clothes and treasures, she 
sent the pennies to the office. The letter told 
its own story, and only God knows what part 
the little girl has taken in the great mission 
work of the church. 

Brother, sister, what are you doing for the 
spread of the Gospel? Answer in your heart 
for the new year. 

The conscience of every man recognizes 
courage as the foundation of manliness, and 
manliness as the perfection of human charac- 


Total Donations to all Funds during December, 

iqoo ,oot 

§2,099 IS $2,004 42 
Total Donations to all Funds from April 1 to December 31 of 

'V° tqoi Increase. 

World-wide fund, $ 8,246 58 $11,354 68 $3,108 10 

India Mission, 776 76 383 1 2 $ 

India Orphanage, 1,450 23 820 74 

Switzerland Mission, 26 50 26 50 

Switzerland Meetinghouse,. 1,038 42 

India Famine, 10,41 1 12 , 

China's Millions, 91 22 175 05 83 83 

Negroes 6500 7000 500 

Washington Meetinghouse, 660 40 175 57 

Africa, 26 50 26 50 

Porto Rico, 5 g 4 6 S 8 46 

South America, 600 600 

Philippines, l2 65 12 65 

Chinese Sufferers 128 50 1 28 50 

Total < $22,739 73 $13,237 77 ~i 

Less India Famine and 

Chinese Sufferers,... 10,411 12 128 50 

$12,328 61 $13,109 27 $780 66 

Total Increase. 

$94 73 

393 64 

629 4g 

1.038 42 

0,411 12 

484 83 

1,501 96 




— Winter is now beginning, the most en- 
joyable season in this country; not like home, 
but just cool enough to be pleasant. 

— The work here is intermingled with sun- 
shine and shadow. 

—Nov. 5 three women and one man were 
baptized at Raj Pardi and Nov. 15 three men 
from Jaghardia were baptized. Many more 
have asked for baptism. 

— All will be sorry to know that plague has 
attacked three of our number at Raj Pardi. I 
was up to see them fast Sunday; one had died, 
the other two hadbubos. The report came here 
that our worker there had plague. I went 
immediately to the station here and our station 
master telegraphed and received the answer 
that Doulabai has plague and is in quarantine. 
I felt that it would not do to let him die with- 
out at least going to see him, so the next morn- 
ing, Sunday laBt, I went up to see him. On the 
way I saw the doctor who had placed Doulabai 
in quarantine. He assured me he had plague 
and urged me not to go to see him. He said 
when the fire is burning you had better keep 
out of it. 1 went on, met the Suba Saheb at 
Raj Pardi, he having the work in charge there. 
He said, "Yes, Douh has plague, but is getting 
better." 1 told him I bad come to see him. 
He said all right, no harm, so he gave me a 
cooly and we were soon in the plague camp. 
On coming in Doula came to meet me. He 
said they had been praying for me to come this 
very day. Neither Doula nor his wife, nor 
child has plague, nor have had; yet they are 
penned in with plague patients. The sick and 
dying are within ten feet of them. There they 
are guarded by police and made to live in a 
plague camp all hecause of careless, criminal 
cowardice on the part of the doctor. Doula 
says the doctor never touched him, but looked 
at him, and as he had been suffering from fe- 
ver ordered him to be put in quarantine. I 
could get him removed only about a hundred 
feet from the plague patients, as he has now 
been in contact with the plague. We can only 
hope and pray that h* will not get plague. 

— Already the effects of famine are manifest- 
ing themselves again. Two talukas (countries) 
in Raj Pipla have opened famine relief works, 
every taluka in the state but one will have to 
have help; so the Suba Sahib told me. 

—At Amlitha a large farmer told me that he 
planted five hundred vegas, over three hun- 
dred acres, of grain. He did not harvest a 
straw. He also planted seventy-five vegas of 
cotton, but says the rats are also destroying 
that. His fields were destroyed by rats. We 
have two brethren there who farm about an 
acre each. They planted their fields the sec- 
ond time, but gathered no grain. This means 
starvation if not helped, for they have nothing. 
Just now poor people can cut grass and get 
some food, but, after while that will stop, and 
then they must be helped or die. Relief works 
are only paying three cents per day for work; 
they give an allowance of one cent for children 
who cannot work. Not every field has failed, 
but. owing to the slight rainfall (only about 
twenty-two inches all told), and the awful 
scourge if rats, hundreds of fields entirely 

failed; hundreds produced only a slight yield. 
This means much more here than a similar 
failure at home, for failure here means starva- 
tion unless help comes from abroad. 

—We are at present giving help to the poor 
around Anklesvar by buying their grass; we 
buy no grass from carts, only from the heads 
of those who cut and bring it in. This morn- 
ing 209 persons were here with grass, each 
carrying about one mound, or forty pounds. It 
takes one day to cut this and one day to 
bring it here, then we give them two annas per 
mound or four cents. This is very low, but 
grass is plentiful and no sale for it. We may be 
able to sell for what we pay or a little less. By 
doing this we can help hundreds for a month 
or so yet. Many carry their bundles of grass 
ten and twelve miles and are happy that they 
can get four cents for it. This shows condi- 
tions around here; yet we are better off than 
the Raj Pipla state. I heard that relief works 
will be opened again at three points around 
Anklesvar in January. 

May the Lord direct us all as we should go. 

Anklesvar, India, Nov. 2Q. 



In "Girdling the Globe" Bro. D. L.Miller 
says, " Japan won for Christ; would at once be- 
come one of the strongest forces toward the 
conversion of China and the whole of Asia, to 
the Christian religion." " It is not too much to 
hope that her progress may open up the vast 
territory of China to the Christianizing and 
civilizing influences so active in most parts of 
the world." 

These words were written before the recent 
troubles that have overtaken the heralds of the 
Gospel in China, and before the majority of us 
realized that there were serious obstacles in 
the way of Christianizing her people. But 
Bro. Miller realized it even in those days of 
tranquility, and in the light of events that have 
followed his language sounds prophetic. His 
conclusions are undoubtedly correct, that thi 
effectual way of converting China is through 

And it may he that the frowns of Providence 
upon t^e work in China were because mission 
aries have been neglecting and passing by a 
door that God has swung open for them, and 
have been knockingat a door that is yet closed, 
There is no question but that it is the finger of 
God that has so wondrously prepared Japan 
for the reception of European and American 
missionaries into their midst. Her change in 
this respect has been marvelous. Even as late 
as after the close of our Civil War, so fresh in 
our memory, there was posted in Japan this 
notice: " So long as the sun shall continue to 
warm the earth, let no Christian be so bold as 
to come to Japan; and let all know that the 
King of Spain himself, or the Christian's God, 
or the great God of all, if be dare violate this 
command, shall pay for it with bis head." 

But to-day behold the change! Upwards of 
forty church denominations and missionary so- 
cieties are represented in the empire, and are 
working like bees for converts. Y. M, C. A. 

organizations right in Japan's own universities, 
and graduates of high standing publicly pro- 
fessing Christ! And the natives are not only 
receiving the Gospel, but with marked ability 
and zeal they are giving out the Bread of Life 
to others. An American writer, speaking re- 
cently of an assembly of native teachers of 
Christianity in Japan, says he was impressed 
deeply with the superior character of some of 
the Japanese pastors, and that several of the 
speakers present would compare favorably 

"th our best men at home, both as to oratoric- 
al ability and thinking power, and, best of all, 
they seemed to be full of the Gospel. 

And this rich, ripe field is so large that the 
present generation will not see the day when it 
is all cultivated. Possibly we will not see the 
day when China is as well prepared to receive 
the Gospel from US, as is Japan to-day. But we 
may see our missions established in Japan, and 
these missions develop into strong churches, 
and these same churches sending their own 
native missionaries across into China. And 
China will receive the Gospel from Japanese 
Christians much more readily than from Amer- 
icans, The hearts of the Chinese are more 
easily touched by the Japanese than by any 
other people on earth, and while Japan is being 
developed as a lever to revolutionize China for 
the Master, there are souls being saved which 
are just as precious to him who died for all. 
Warrensburg, Mo, 




For Week Ending fan, 18, 

Toi'ic, I am a Debtor. 

Thxt.-I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the bar- 

nriims; botli to the wlsi: and to the unwise.— Romans 1: 

References, John 4:34-38; Prov. 3:9, 10; 
Prov. 11:24, 25; Matt. 9:37, 38; Matt. 21:28-30; 
John 9: 4; Acts 26: 12-20. 

Remarks, Jesus saya, " Freely yc have re- 
ceived, freely give." We have received the 
Gospel of Christ, therefore we are under obliga- 
tion to give the Gospel. If we love God we 
Bhould not keep this knowledge to ourBelves. 

Paul said, " I am debtor." He was ready to 
pay his debts. Missions are just honest man- 
liness. The missionary spirit among Chris- 
tians is an attempt to get the blessings of the 
Gospel while escaping its duties. 

Paul proposed to give the Gospel to people 
who did not have it, because he believed in it 
and was not ashamed of it, 

Reading from one of the missionary books. 

Essay, "Our City Missions." 


You may be trying to do many things in 
general, but general efforts very seldom lead 
to definite results, 

If you are a member of our Circle, you must 
know that there is at least this one thing you 
should do. You should distribute circulars 
and promise cards among your friends and ask 
them to join the Circle. They cannot afford to 
remain ignorant of missions and the part they 
play in the world's history, The books in the 
Religious course must interest th<*m. 

If there are a number of Circle members 
around you and they do not seem to be doing 
any special work for the Master, speak to them 
about it, call a meeting to consider the matter. 
A8k yourselves whether you can afford to be 
without a regular Circle meeting. The letters 
we are constantly receiving prove that many 
of you are seriously considering this subject; 
but we urge you to take some decisive steps 
now, You need the help of our Circle this 
winter. The interest and enthusiasm of our 
young Circle members will be greatly increased 
if they have some definite work given them in 
our meetings. 

Revival meetings will be held all over our 
Brotherhood this winter, and we hope and 
pray that there will be a large ingathering of 
precious souls. It will be easier to care for the 
new members added to the church, if you have 
a well-organized Circle for them to join. Each 
individual should have some special work, and 
be responsible for bis own task. 

It is easy to generalize and say that "we 
ought to encourage mission work," but we ac- 
complish nothing in that way. We ask you to 



Jan. ii, 1902 

do some definite work for the cause. We 
plead with yon to make a special effort this 
winter. For circulars and information write to 
Our Missionary Reading Circle, Coving- 
ton, Ohio. ___^__ 

Remember that all new members will re- 
ceive "Do Not Say," a stirring book on mis- 
sions, if they send us twenty-five cents. This 
will entitle th'-m to the book ;yid also enroll 
them as members of our Circle. 

We ask the Secretaries to write to us 
because we are very much interested in your 
work. If there is but little progress made we 
should like to help you. If you are greatly en- 
couraged, let us know about it. Let us help 
you to start a Circle in your adjoining church. 


Mission Report for Week Ending 
Jan. 4, 1902. 


[Money donated to this fund will b 
abroad as necessity demands it. Th 
true basis.— to be used where needed, a: 
fell supported. 

1.354 68 

101 24 

used at home or 
„j lund It on tbo 

ind It Is boped that 

.„. Interest on endowments, not 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under thli 

Previously reported * ] 

IND.-A. C. Kindy, Elkhart. $}; W. K. Sim- 
mons. Union City, S3.60; U. L. Shullz, Hunting- 
ton, $1.40; Andrew Fouts, Denver, fb; Kewanna 
Sunday School, S1.90; T. 5. Moherman, North 
Manchester, (1.80; Win. Hildebrand, Teegarden. 
#1.50; Wm. H. Kensinger. Nappanee, S2.40; Jas. 
Himelick, Denver, (1.50; Elizabeth Fisher, 
Mexico, S1.44; Eli Fouts. Chili,; H. C. 
Shultz, Hagerstown, Si. 90; J- L. Pulerbaugh, 
Elkhart. S3; A. B. Fisher estate. Sullivan, 
SbS.50; Robt. Wysong, Nappanee. Si. 50; total, .. 
Iowa.— Marriage notice. L. M. Kob, 50 cents; 
D. Niswander, South English, $3; Farnham- 
villecong., S3: a Iriend. Prairie City, #10; J. H. 
Grady, Waterloo, S3; Fairview cong., Sa.25; S. 
Fike, Waterloo, S6; Harlan cong., S3-SS; Brook- 
lyn Sunday school, S4-35: Abram Ebersole, Dal- 
las Centre. St. 20; H. E. Sliier. Conrad, Sio; C. 
Z.Reitz, Maxwell,; Kingsley cong,, SjJo.lSi 
Hannab Wilier, Davenport, Ji; Anna Flory, 
North English, Si-So; Dan el Fry, Garrison, S3; 


Ohio.— Danville cong., Si$; Mary Moherman, 
Careytown. <6; E. Shank, Dayton. Si. 50; J. 0. 
Warner, Centre. Si. 20; S. H. Vorc and wife, 
Lima, Ja,5o; Birdella A. Printz, White Cottage, 
Si;Lydia Wertz, Seville, J1.50; S. E. G. C off- 
man, Trotwood, $y. J. A. Miller, West Milton,; N. H. and Barbara Newcomer, Bryan, S3; 
Jac. and Christ. Leedy, 1 ima. $10; Elias Stauf- 
fer, Pitsburg, S1.20; Jno. Snyder, DeGrarT, 
Sa.40; B. F.Snyder, Bellefo- taine, S1.20; G. H. 
Shidler, Ashland, 50 cents; D. W. Kneisly. Day- 
ton, S3; O. E. Frank, Pleasant Home. J1.50; S. 
M. Sbankster. Ainger. Si-75; J. W. Moore, Tif- 
fin. S3; G. M. Weidler, Friendsville, 36; John 

Dupler, Thornville, Si. 20; total. 

Pa.— Marriage notice, ]. W. Myers. 50 cents, 
marriage notice, Silas Hoover, So cents; mar- 
riage notice, Wm. C. Koontz, So cents; D. G. 
Wells, Spring City, S1.20; Dry Valley Sunday 
school, 5S.85: J. I. Becbtel, YeTkes,; S. J. 
MiUer, Meyersdale. So; D. B. Myers, Idaville. 
-5 cents; Benshoof Hi'l Sunday school, $6.46; 
Walnut Grove Sunday school, $9-<fO; Abraham 
Sollenbcrger, New Enterprise, Si. 20; I. B. Rep- 
logle, New Enterprise, Si; I. Replogle, New En- 
terprise, Si. 20; C. L. Buck, New Enterprise, S3; 
Jacob S. Shively, White Springs, Sz; Sol. Straus- 
er, East Salem, so cents; Mrs. Margaret Cal- 
houn, Everett, $s: Joel Gnagey, Meyersdale, S3; 

III.— Marriage notice, W. R. Miller, So cents; 
Yellow Creek cong., S2.80; marriage notice, J. 
W. Switzer, so cents; A H. and M. Jane Staul- 
fer, Polo, Si; D. R. Price. Otegon, SS: A. L. 
Moats, Dixon, *i 20; S. W. Stutzman. Girard. 
Si.2o; C. McNelly, Batavia, (5; H. Snell, Girard, 
St. So; Mrs. Emma Carstcnsen, Elgin, «6; Oak- 
ley cong., S3 J5; a brothi-r, Sterling, Sio; total,.. 

VA.-Jos. Shickel, Roanoke. S3; S. A. Sanger, 
Scottslord. Si- 20: J. R. Shipman, Bridgewater, 
S1.50; D. Taylor Neff, Quicksburg. $1.50; S. I. 
Flory, Stuart's Draft, S4.S0; Jno. S. Flory, 
Bridgewater, Si. So: U. S. Campbell, Alymer, S3; 
J. W. Cllne. Weyers Cave, SS; Mrs. Susan Wine, 
Crimora Station, Si.zo; total 

Nebr— Conrad Rasp, Rising City, S2; South 
Beatrice cong., S 6; total 

Md. — Lydia Yost. Grantsville. J5; W. S. 
Reich a rd, Hagerstown. S3; total,.'. 

W. VA.-Mary M. Williams, Springs Creek, 
Si-75: F. C. Cunningham, Martlnsburg, St. So; 
Nancy C. Breakiron, Fairmont S2; Peter Biser, 
Headsville.Siao; total 

Orhgon.— Coquille Valley cong 

KANS.-Washington Creek cong., * A ; Wash- 
ington Creek cong., Si .81; total 

Mo— D. E. Fox, Kidder. S1.20; >'pring River 
Sunday school. S1.60; R. A. Orr, Lathrop, 81.20; 

Thnn. — Limestone cong., 

Idaho.— C. L. Pratt, Payette 

Colo.— Grand Valley cong 

Okla.— Wm. P. Boiserman, Karoma 

Abk.— St. Francis cong 

Mich— Sarah Pennell, Berrien Springs 

N. DAK.-J.B.3locher. Maddock 



Previously reported, * 1 75 57 

IX,— A brother, Sterling 10 00 

Total lor year beginning April, iqoi S185 57 


viously reported S8ao 74 

.L— A brother, Sterling, S20; Waddams Grove 
g., Si3.6a; Waddams Grove Sunday school, 

S19.82: total 53 42 

Iowa.— Sunday-school class ol boys and girls. 
Panther, S18; West Klngsley Sunday school. 

11.SS; total *9 55 

Ind. — Cbloe Pavey, Bippus, Si. 5°; Llretta 
Brown's class in Cedar Grove Sunday school, So; 

total ? 5o 

Md.— J. E. W,, Funkstown S 00 

Oregon.— Cora E. Rothrock's class, Ashland,.. 3 26 

Total for year beginning April, 1001 S018 47 


Previously reported, Si7S OS 

Va.— J. P. Diehl, Goods Mills, 1 75 

Total for year beginning April, igoi, S176 "o 


Previously reported $383 ia 

L.— B. Snyder, Milmine, SS cents Silver Creek 

cong., Si 10; total no 55 

Iowa.— Garrison Sunday school, 2 68 

Ohio.— Geo. Puterbaugh, Greenville 2 48 

Nkbr— Conrad Rasp, Rising City 1 So 

Colo— A sister, La Junta 1 00 

Tenn.— Limestone cong 1 00 

Total for year beginning April, iqoi SS02 33 

Gbn. Miss, and Tract Com 

From Our Correspondents. 

'Ad cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from 


4 00 


2 so 

Total (or year beginning April, 1991 Si 1.776 09 


Alexandria. — Dec. 29 a precious soul put on 

Christ in baptism, by Bro. Cross, our mute 

minister, at the Killbuck church, at Anderson, 

Indiana. The brother is a mute from Kansas. 

■Mary Cross, ifio/ N. Sullivan St., Jan. 2. 

Inglewood.— Our church met in council 
meeting Dec. 26. A good deal of business 
cams before the meeting. We decided to have 
our love feast Jan. 11, commencing at 2 P. M, 
—Lottie E. Neher, Dec. 27. 

Los Angeles.— Our quarterly council was 
held Dec. 28. Eld. P. S. Myers presided, 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the fol- 
owing year. Bro. J. W. Cline was elected su- 
perintendent. Our Christmas exercises were 
well attended which were held Christmas 
morning and evening before. — Amanda Guth- 
rie, Dec. 31. 

Lordsburg church expect to dedicate their 
new church Jan. 19, services to be conducted 
by Bro, S. G. Lehmer.of LosAngeles. He will 
continue with a series of meetings, followed by 
a love feast Feb. 1. Bro. Stephen Yoder was 
with us on Christmas and preached an inter- 
esting sermon.— Mrs. A. A. Neher, Dec. 26. 


Nezperce.— We met in quarterly conncil 
Dec. 28. The church was well represented. 
Our elder, Stephen Johnson, presided. All 
business was disposed of in a Christian man- 
ner. Four letters of membership were read. 
We reorganized our Sabbath school. Bro. 
Birt Fike was chosen superintendent and 
Frank Edmister assistant. We number about 
seventy, The Gospr;. Messenger goes into 
every family. Thanksgiving day we had serv- 
ices, after which sixty-six dollars was raised as 
an offering. The writer was chosen as corre- 
spondent for the church,—/. S. Cuip, Dec. 30. 

Oakley. — Our council meeting of Dec, 26 
passed off pleasantly. Two letters were grant- 
ed. Sunday school was reorganized for the 
coming six months. Sister Mary Mohler was 
elected superintendent and Bro. I. D. Heck' 
man assistant. Jan. 1 we expect Bro. M. Flory 
to be with us to h"ld a series of meetings in 
Oakley— Mattie E. Blickenstajf, Dec. 30. 

Walnut.— We met in council Dec. 3. Our 
elder, Bro. Bucklew, not being present, Bro. C 
Yearout, of WarreDsburg, Mo., presided. One 
letter of membership was received and one 
granted.— Mary Rowland, Astoria, III., Jan, r. 


Bremen church met in quarterly council 
Dec. 14. Bro, Kauffman not being present, 
Bro. S. P. Ebersole acted as chairman. David 
Anglemyer was requested to hold a series of 
meetings.— Henry H. Neff, Wyatt, Ind., Dec. 

Cedar Grove.— We have just closed a very 
interesting series of meetings conducted by 
Bro, I. B. Wike, of Losantville, Ind. Our 

meetings began Dec. 10 and closed Dec. 30. 
Bro. Wike preached twenty-six good sermons, 
ncluding one children's sermon. Three pre- 
cious souls were born into the kingdom. — Li- 
retta Brown, Whitewater, Ind., Dfc.30. 

Eel River.— We are at this time in the 
midst of a glorious series of meetings at the Eel 
River brick church. Bro. John C. Bright is do- 
ng the preaching. — C. C, Arnold, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Jan, 3. 

Falrview.— I began meeting here Dec. 14. 
Though the weather was very cold and congre- 
gations not very large, yet interest good from 
the start. Closed Dec. 29. One young sister 
came out on the Lord's side. I found in this 
church a small band of zealous workers, — 
Dante/ Snell, Sidney, Ind, Jan. 1. 

Ft. Wayne. — The Brethren met in regular 
quarterly council Dec. 28. No elder being 
present, no business was transacted except re- 
organizing Sunday school. Bro, F. P. Colc'es- 
ser was made superintendent and Bro. A. M. 
Eby assistant. We had a very nice Christmas 
program. Nearly every little boy and girl of 
our school took part. Afterwards a treat was 
given them by the school,— Wm. Egcr, 83 
Grant Ave., Dec. 30. 

Lakeside. — Our meetings have closed. 
Three were made glad in the full assurance of 
salvation, two worthy brethren, both heads of 
families and men of influence, and our own 
daughter. It seemed that sickness and weath- 
er were much against us, many of us not being 
permitted to attend more than two or three of 
the meetings.— Wm. E. While. Dec. 31, 

Nappanee church met in quarterly council 
Dec. 28. Membership fairly well represented. 
Bro. Eli Heestand, from Elkhart, was pres- 
ent. Considerable business was disposed of. 
Love prevailed. We decided to have the 
Brethren song book. Bro, A, L. Wright is to 
hold our series nf meetings, to begin Jan ?6. — 
B. J. Miller, Dec. 30. 

Notice. — I wish to remind the churches of 
the Southern District of Indiana of the motion 
that passed our last District Meeting, that 
hereafter the Mission Board make their report 
to cover their work from Oct. 1 to Oct. I of 
each year. Consequently all receipts and ex- 
penditures that 'occur after that date will not 
appear in that year's report, as they have be- 
fore. I also wish to call attention to paper 
number nine in District Meeting . minutes of 
April 6, 1898. I would further suggest that all 
churches adopt the same rule that some 
churches already have of sending in their quota 
quarterly. And all churches who desire an 
itemized statement of their account with the 
Mission Board, please notify the writer, and 
the statement will be promptly furnished upon 
such application.— Jo An F. Shoemaker, Treas,, 
SAideler, Ind,. Dec. 30. 

Rock Run.— Bro. S. F. Sanger, of South 
Bend, came to us Dec. 14 and gave us twenty- 
three soul-cheering sermons. Three precious 
soula started a new life on New Year's day. 
Our meetings closed with the best of interest. 
Bro. Sanger closed, having other engagements 
for January, — R. W. Davenport. Jan, J. 

Somerset.— Last night closed ou' meetings 
in the brick churchhouse in Mt. Vernon. The 
preaching was done by Bro. W. L. Hatcher, of 
Kokomo, Ind. Our meetings began Dec, 7. 
Six put on Christ by baptism and three were 
reclaimed, ranging from twelve to sixty-six 
years. Our quarterly council passed off Dec. 
21. All business was disposed of pleasantly.— 
0. C. Rife, Converse, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Sugar Creek.— We closed one of the moat 
successful series of meetings ever held in this 
church last night. Bro. Dorsey Hodgden, of 
Huntington, Ind., came to us Dec, 7 and contin- 
ued until Jan. 2, preaching thirty-five sermons. 
Twenty-two were baptized, one was restored to 
fellowship and one is awaiting baptism. The 
church is much revived. — H, J, Neff, South 
Whitley, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Tunker.— I am at the above-named place. 
At the end of three weeks' preaching seven 
came forward and have been baptized. Six of 
the number were bright, intelligentyoung men, 
Meetings still in progress with good interest. 
— Dorsey Hodgden, Dec. sg. 

Turkey Creek.-Eld. J. H. Miller, of Go- 
shen, Ind , commenced a series of meetings for 
us in Gravelton Dec. 7, continuing over Christ- 
mas, preaching twenty-one very able sermons. 
On account of the severe cold and Bro. David 
Mishler's little boy dying with the diphtheria in 
the neighborhood, the attendance was not so 

large at first, but increased. One sister was 
reclaimed. The members were greatly encour- 
aged. On Christmas day we took up a very 
satisfactory collection for the good cause.— L. 
D. Ulery, Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 28 

Windfall church met in regular council 
meeting. Bro. Daniel Bock, our elder, was 
present, and Bro. Abraham Caylor, The busi- 
ness was dispoaed nf to the satisfaction of all. 
Bro. Daniel Bock wished to resign his elder- 
ship on the account of his age and health. 
He has labored faithfully with us ever since 
our church was organized. With great sorrow 
we granted his request. We selected Bro. 
Abraham Caylor for our elder. We are going 
to have a aeries of meetings the first of 
February. Bro. Key will be with us. — Marion 
Ryan, Dec, 26. 


Boone River. — Our members met Saturdav 
evening for electing Sunday-school officers. 
Bro. Hoak was chosen superintendent and the 
writer assistant. Then we enjoyed preaching 
service by Bro. Allen, of Franklin County 
church. He also eave us two good talks yes- 
terday. We had had no preacher since our 
District Meeting, Oct. io and 11, as our minis- 
ter is supplied by the Mission Board. We will 
now'have preaching every four weeks. For a 
minister to locate here is our great desire, — 
Mrs. D. H, Fronts, R. F. D, No. 2, Kanawha, 
Iowa, Dec. 30, 

Deep River. — To-morrow I expect to start 
on an extensive trip south, on the southern 
coast, by way of Chicago and New Orleans; 
thence west. — G. W. Hopwood, Jan. 6. 

Des Moines. — Since our last report two 
more who had worked with us in part for the 
last four years have decided to make their 
church home with the Brethren. At a recent 
business meeting Bro. Oliver Shaw was elected 
as one of the trustees for both houses for a term 
of four years. Our Christmas program, ar- 
ranged by Sister Sada Rodabaugh Andes was 
complete and the exercises of the evening 
good. Dec. 29 we reorganized our Sunday 
school with Bro. Olin Shaw superintendent and 
Bro. William Miller assistant. Most of the 
other officers was selected from converta made 
here in this mission. As the service was be- 
ing opened we were agreeably surprised with 
the presence of Eld. S. M. Goughnour who 
preached for us morning and evening. Our 
series of meetings, to be conducted by Eld. I. 
W. Brubaker, is postponed indefinitely on ac- 
count of the smallpox. We are anxiously look- 
ing forward when the church work of our capi- 
tol city will be in the hands of some strong 
up-to date young brother with a good wile at 
his aide.— H. R. Taylor, 1731 E. Grand Ave.. 
Dec. 30. 

English River.— Our ten days' Bible school 
closed Jan. 2 with excellent interest. Bro. 
Young failed to get here on account of sick- 
ness, so the class decided to proceed with the 
classes, and select aomeof our own members for 
teachers. The weather and attendance were 
all that could be deaired. Dec. 29 we reorgan- 
ized our Sunday achool with Bro. Homer 
Wenger and Sister Dellie Coffman superin- 
tendents. Our regular quarterly missionary 
collection was S7.54.— /W<rr Brower, South 
English, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Franklin County church met in quarterly 
council Dec. 28, our elder, Wm. H. Lichty, 
presiding. Much business was disposed of in 
a Christian manner. We reorganized our ever- 
green Sunday school. We decided to have our 
love feast May 10.— Elsie A. Pyle, Hampton, 
Iowa, Dec, 30. 

Harlan.— Dec. 29 we held our quarterly mis- 
sionary meeting. For those who may desire a 
change in theirmissionarywork we will give our 
way of conducting them. We allow the chil- 
dren the most of this work, thinking they need 
some work to train them for the service. We 
arrange a program consisting of declamations 
on missionary themes, interspersed with essays 
on missionary topics by the older ones, and 
with missionary songs, All seem pleased and 
interested in the work. Our collection was 
S3.62— Myrta Leavcll, Dec. 30, 

Abilene.— The Navarre Sunday school came 
together on Christmas day for an hour's meet- 
ing. The superintendent had charge of the 
meeting and the scholars bad verses and talks 
on the birth of Christ. It was very interesting. 
At the close of the meeting the classes re- 
ceived small gifts. Next Christmas we intend 

Jan. ii f 1902 

having a two hours' meeting.— Hattie Shank, 
Dec. 31. 

Nlckerson.— I came here Dec. 15 to begin a 
protracted effort, The weather waa at zero for 
about five days, hence th.e congregations were 
small and with indications of smallpox around 
us it was very discouraging. The weather is 
now fine and spring-like. The attendance is 
good and prospects somewhat encouraging. 
The church here is under charge of Bro. Mi- 
chael Keller.— W. H. Miller, Dec. 23. 

North Solomon Bro. D. S. Holsinger 

came to us Dec. 21 and remained ten days. 
He preached twelve sermons, with thirty-min- 
ute song service each evening in our church- 
house at Portis. We had most excellent sing- 
ing. During the meetings we were blessed 
with good weather.— Philip Landis, Osborne, 
Kans.,Jan. 4. 

Osage.— I forgot to mention in the report 
that when the SundaySchool Meeting was held 
in this church the public collection amounted 
to $63,— Ma Belle Murray, Parsons, Kans-, 
Jan. 3. 

Ozawkie church met Christmas day for 
services. An appropriate discourse was de- 
livered by Bro. J. A. Root. In the evening 
Bro. S. B. Katherman, of Lawrence, and Bro. 
J. W. Taylor, of Oakland, came to us and ren- 
dered good service in the prayer meeting. 
Bro. Taylor led the services. Dec. 29 we had 
children's meeting. Thirty -five little ones 
were present. Our Sunday school is prosper- 
ous, the quarterly report showing an average 
attendance of seventy-six. We use the Breth- 
ren's literature, also the colored picture chart. 
— H, L, Brammell, Dec. 30, 

Parsons.— Dec. 28 Bro. C. A. Miller, of 
Brazilton, Kans., began preaching for us and 
continued until new year's night, giving seven 
soul-cheering sermons. On new year's morn- 
ing, Bro. Miller delivered an efficient discourse. 
One dear sister was reclaimed. I forgot to 
mention in my last report that while Bro. C. S. 
Garber was with us two precious sonls were re- 
claimed. The membership at this place now 
numbers eighty-one.— Ma Belle Murray, 3322 
Steven's Ave., Jan. 3, 

Pleasant View church met in quarterly 
council Dec. 28. All business passed off quiet- 
ly. New Sunday-school officers were elected. 
Bro. Foster Cline waa elected superintendent. 
One letter was granted and two were received 
into the church, — Lena Keedy, Darlow, Kans., 
Dec. 28. 

Pretty Prairie.— Dec. 18 we began meet- 
ings, continuing until Dec. 29, and had thirteen 
sermons. Three were baptized and one awaits 
the rite. This is a new point, the Brethren 
having no preaching here before. Bro. T. Ezra 
George, of Quinter, Kans., did the preaching. 
We expect to have preaching at this point once 
a momth. — R. S. Thompson, Oakley, Kans., 
Dec. 30. 

Salem. — We were highly favored by having 
Bro. W. H. Miller, of Brazilton, Kans., with us 
from Dec. 15 to Dec, 29, to preach for us, 
Much interest was manifested. The memberi 
were much encouraged. — Stanley E. Fahrney, 
Sterling, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Slate Creek.— At our last quarterly meeting 
our church decided to hold a series of meetings 
in December, to be conducted by Bro. Jacob 
Funk, The meetings began Dec. 8 and con- 
tinued until Dec. 25. Bro. Funk preached 
nineteen sermons. The members were made 
to feel the need of living better lives. Three 
precious souls cast their lot with the people of 
God. Two of the applicants were baptized to- 
day. Our aged brother, Eld. John Wise, 
preached for us on Christmas day, after an ab- 
sence of two months. He has been at Wichita 
receiving treatment for his eyes. His eyesight 
is improving, — /. B. Thompson, Dec. 2q. 

Washington.— Our series of meetings be- 
gan Nov. 25 and closed Dec. 8. The meetings 
were conducted by Eld. Jacob Witmore, from 
McPherson, Kans. Bro, Witmore delivered 
excellent sermons. On Thanksgiving we also 
listened to a very good sermon. A collection 
of S7.20 was taken, and we decided to give this 
to Bro. Witmore in partial payment for his 
mission work here. Thanksgiving evening, 
after another excellent sermon, one precious 
aoul became willing to throw off the burden of 
sin and take up the cross of Christ. We held 
our regular quarterly council Dec. 7. All busi- 
ness was disposed of in a Christian manner. 
Bro. Witmore gave us some excellent advice. 
Our Sunday school is evergreen. — Rebecca 
Gauby, Dec. 23. 



Wade Branch — Dec. 24 Bro. G. M. Lauver, 
of Lincoln, Nebr., began preaching for us and 
continued until Dec. 30, giving nine interesting 
sermons. The members were much encour- 
aged. On Christmas morning Bro. Lauver 
gave the children a very interesting talk about 
the birth of Christ as a Christmas gift.— Corda 
Myers, R. R. No. 1, Paola, Kans., Dec. 31. 


Headow Branch.— At our regular quarterly 
council, Dec, 14, much business was disposed of 
in a pleasant and Christian manner, Several 
certificates of membership were received. Our 
spring love feast was set for May 10 and 11.— 
W. E. Roop. Dec. 30. 

Welshrun.— Our series of meetings began 
Dec, 14 and closed Dec. 29. Six earnest young 
people united with the church. Five of these 
celebrated the*r Christmas in this way. These 
meetings were well attended and good in- 
terest was shown. Bro. C. D. Bonsack 
preached for us.— John E. Rowland, Fairview, 
Md., Dec. 30. 


Spooner.— We just closed a very interesting 
Sunday school which the writer superintended 
with an average of twenty-six in attendance. 
We desired to continue, but winter scared 
some. A few weeks ago the writer was chosen 
to superintend at another place. We are iso- 
lated from the main church, which is at Barron, 
Wis. The brethren from that place preach for 
us once a month. We would like for some 
minister to come and locate here. There are 
fifteen members in a radius of eight miles. 
Come and aee our country. Land is cheap and 
there are still a few homesteads left. I think 
there is a good chance here to organize a 
church. Bro. C. P. Rowland, at Lanark, III., 
is our elder.— F. H. Laughman, Dec. 30. 

Root River. — Our series of meetings began 
Dec. 15. Bro. John Wirt, of Lewiaton, Minn., 
preached three sermons. Dec. 17 Bro. Peter 
Brubaker, of Worthtngton, Minn., came to this 
place and continued meetings until Dec. 29. 
One young man was baptized, Dec. 25 we held 
our communion meeting. Bro. John Wirt and 
Bro. Jacob Burkholder were hereto assist in 
the meeting. We organized our Sunday school 
for the coming year, with Bro. John Broadwa- 
ter superintendent and Bro. John Fishbaugher 
assistant. Our Thanksgiving collection of 
twenty dollars will be sent half to Montreal, 
Canada, and the other half to Chicago mission. 
—Cora M. Ogg, Greenleafton, Minn.. Jan. 3. 

Spring Branch.— Our Sunday school jb 
progressing nicely. Dec. 29 L. B. Ihrig was 
re-elected superintendent, with B. E. Bresheara 
assistant. We use the Brethren literature. 
The church at this place, although few in num- 
ber, is working together in harmony, Bro. R. 
D. Rust has moved to Boulder, Colo. — L. B. 
Ihrig, Avery, Mo., Jan. 1. 


Juniata.— Our quarterly council was Dec. 
28. Eld J. B, Moore remained with us over 
Sunday and gave us two instructive discourses. 
Thanksgiving we took up a collection fur the 
Gospel Messenger poor fund, and at Christ- 
mas meeting a collection for the poor fund of 
Nebraska. Instead of the last quarterly Sun- 
day-school review we had a discussion of the 
characters of Moses and Joseph.— A.J. Nickey, 
Dec. 31. 

Kearney.— Christmas day we celebrated by 
having a gospel sermon by Bro. Ikenberry, 
who has just lately lorated among us from 
Greene, Iowa, He and his family expect to 
assist in the church work here the coming year, 
—Lottie P. Suavely, Dec. 31. 

Sappy Creek church met in council Dec. 28. 
Our elder, J. J. Kindig was with us. All busi- 
ness was disposed of with good feeling. Five 
letters were granted. We elected a secretary, 
treasurer, corresponding secretary and Sunday- 
school superintendent. — /. Fetters, Edison, 
Nebr., Jan. 2. 

South Beatrice.— Bro. Yeremian stopped 
with ua Dec. 22 and preached in the country 
church in the forenoon. In the evening he lec- 
tured in the Holmesville church. A collection 
was taken which amounted to over sixteen dol- 
lars. We are now usmg the new song books, 
and are well pleased with them. — Lydia Dell, 
Rockjord, Nebr,, Dec. 28. 

Danville.— Our protracted meeting, held in 
October by Bro. R. R. Shroyer, was of general 
interest and well attended. Dec. 5 three dear 

ones were received into the church by baptism 
All were heads of families. Our regular quar- 
terb/ council meeting occurred Dec. 26. The 
church decided to send the Mr^rnorr t all 
her poor members. We also send fifteen dol- 
lars to World-wide missions. All business was 
adjusted in a Christian manner.—/. E. Dough- 
erty, Dec. 30. 

Donnels Creek.— We have just enjoyed a 
very spiritual series of meetings in the country 
house, conducted by Bro. Michael Flory, of 
Girard, 111. He came to us Dec. 14 and contin- 
ued until Dec. 29. His faithful efforts gave the 
members new zeal in the Lord's work and 
caused ten to turn their facea heavenward. 
Our quarterly council was postponed until Jan. 
18. Eld. D. D. Wine is to be with us in New 
Carlisle the latter part of this month.— Emma 
Wine, R. D. No. 2, Springfield, Ohio, Jan, 1. 

Lower niami.— Our church is just now hav- 
ing a revival in music. Bro. Joseph Studcbak- 
er, of Flora, Ind„ is directing the work and is 
proving himself a good workman in this 
branch of Christian activity.—/. O. Gant, R. 
R. No. 6, Day/on, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Pitsburg.— Dec. is our resident elder, Jesse 
Stutsman, began preaching for us and contin- 
ued until New Year's day, giving us twenty-six 
instructive sermons. Five precious souls, 
ranging from thirteen to seventy years of age, 
repented av\<\ entered the church through the 
baptismal gate. All theaeexcept one are heads 
of families. The church is encouraged and in- 
spired. Bro. Jacob Coppock is expected to be- 
gin preaching at Georgetown Jan. 21 and Bro. 
D. M. Carver at Red River Jan. 2$.— Levi 
Minnich, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Paradise Prairle.-Eld. Henry Brubaker, 
of Knoxville, Ark., came to us Dec. 22 and 
preached two sermons, At the close of the 
meeting one came out on the Lord's aide. 
While Bro. Brubaker was with us he bought a 
farm here and will move in with us. He will 
build up our church very much. We would be 
glad to have other Brethren come in with us. 
I will gladly answer all inquiries.—/. H. Cox, 
Clarkson, Okla., Dec. 2q. 

Mohawk Valley — We met in quarterly 
council Dec. 21. Everything passed off pleas- 
antly, received one by letter. The following 
officers were elected: superintendent, Bro. T. 
J. Miller; solicitor, Siater Alice Lewin; Messen- 
ger agent, Sister M. Workman. Dec. 8 letters 
were granted to Bro. J. A. Roycr and wife.— 7'. 
/. Miller, IVendlmg, Oregon, Dec. 2q. 


Chiques.— During the year we received by 
letter thirty-eight members; received by bap- 
tism twenty-three members; lost by letter twen- 
ty-one members; by death aix members, and dis- 
owned one. This gives a gain of thirty-three 
members. We had at the beginning of the 
year 659 members.— Henry S. Zug, Masterson- 
vt'lle, Pa„Jan,3. 

Chiques.— Dec. 17 Bro. I. J. Roaenberger, of 
Covington, Ohio, came to us and preached 
eighteen sermons at the Chiques Hill house, 
closing Dec. 29, The members were greatly 
encouraged. Dec. 26 two young men with their 
companions, who had previously confessed 
Christ, were baptized. — John C. Zng, Master- 
sonville, /'a , Dec. 30, 

Conestoga. — Our Thanksgiving services 
were held at the Ebys house. Bro. J. Y. King 
preached. After the services a collection was 
taken up for our invalid brother at Eluabeth- 
town. Our church also met in quarterly coun- 
cil on Christmas day. I. W, Taylor presided. 
Everything was disposed of quietly. Officers 
were elected for Sunday school. Bro. S. R. 
Wenger, our former superintendent, was again 
elected, and Bro, A, H. Royer and C. Overly 
assistant.— Satlie J'/autz, Farmersville, Pa,, 
Dec. 26. 

Codorus.— We ended a very interesting se- 
ries of meetings Dec. 29, held at the East Co- 
dorus houae. They were conducted by Bro. L. 
S, Mohler, from Dillsburg, Pa. Owing to the 
disagreeable weather the meetings were not so 
largely attended. We all feel encouraged. 
Our quarterly eouncil will be held Jan. i. — 
Katie M. Lehman, Graydon, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Fairview.— Dec. 9 Bro. H. A. Stahl, of 
Glade, Pa., came to us, He conducted a series 
of meetings, preaching two weeks with good 
interest and attendance. Five made the good 
choice,—/. B. Snowberger, Williamsburg, Pa„ 
Dec. 29. 

Hyndman.— Our church met in quarterly 
council Dec. 28. Bro. E. K. Hostetler presid- 
ed, our elder, C. G. Lint, not being able to be 
with us. All business was disposed of in a 
pleasant manner. Two members, who wan- 
dered away from the church about seven years 
ago, wer*- reclaimed. We reorganized our 
Sunday school for the coming year. The 
writer was re-elected superintendent and Bro. 
Thomas Lewis assistant. The average attend- 
ance of our school for last quarter 1901 was 
seventy-one, and sixty-one for the year— Ed- 
ward Harden, Dec. 31. 

Jacob's Creek.~We met m quarterly coun- 
cil this afternoon. Considerable business was 
transacted. We decided to hold our spring 
communion May 24, the feast to be preceded 
by a series of meetings. Our new hymn book 
was adopted, and a move made to secure some 
instructor to teach us in singing.— Frank B. 
Myers, Box itf, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Lost Creek. — Bro. Orville V. Long, of Ab- 
bottstown, Pa., came to the Goodwill church 
Dec. to and continued the meetings till Dec. 
22, preaching sixteen aoul-cheering sermons. 
Ten came out on the Lord's side. Seven of 
the numher were Sunday-school scholars. On 
Christmas day they were buried with Christ in 
baptism. Bro. Levi S. Mohler will begin a se- 
ries of meetings at the Crossroad house Jan. 14, 
— /. B. Frey, East Salem, Pa., Dec, 28, 

Lost Creek church met in council Jan. 1. 
Our elder, Andrew Bashore, presided. Con- 
siderable business passed off pleasantly. 
Three letters were granted. As our secretary, 
J. G. Miller, is moving to Illinois, we elected 
Bro, J, H. Smith secretary. Brethren Peter 
Shelley and Charley Pellman were appointed 
trustees at the Richfield house. Brethren John 
Carney and Isaac Renner were elected super- 
intendents of the Goodwill Sunday school. 
The young people's endeavor society at Good- 
will is well attended.—/. B. Frey, East Salem, 
Pa., Jan, 2. 

Loysburg.-Bro. Jesse Emmert, of Hunting- 
don, Pa., made us a very pleasant call and de- 
livered six very interesting discourses while 
here. We held our quarterly council at the 
Koons church. Business pasaed off pleasant- 
ly.— Jacob S, Guyer,Jan. 1. 

Mechanlcsburg — Last Sabbath five were 
received into church fellowship by baptism at 
Boiling Springs, a husband and bis wife, a 
young brother whose wife has been a member 
for some years and two young aiaters; all of 
Lower Cumberland congregation. — Daniel 
Landis, Jan, 2. 

Mechanlcsburg. — The Brethren at this 
place held a prayer meeting on new year's eve 
at the home of an aged, afflicted brother who 
can no more attend regular services. Sunday 
school is progressing.— Gertrude S, Hertsler, 
Jan. 4. 

Quemahonlng.— As the year 1901 has drawn 
to a close it is natural for us to look hack over 
the work accomplished. The Quemahoning 
i hurch has had her full share of unpleasant- 
ness and sadness occasioned by wayward mem- 
bers and the frequent visits of the angel of 
death. But our aouls were frequently filled 
with joy by seeing sinners come flocking home. 
We made an appreciable gain in numbers, 
and we truat iu spirituality. Number ol mem- 
bers at opening of year, 251; lost during the 
year, by letter, 5; by excommunication, 4; by 
death, 7; total loas, 16; gained during year by 
letter, 10; by reatoration, 3; by baptism, 27; total 
gain, 40; number of members at opening of 
1902, 275. Four quarterly and five special 
councils were held; also two public and one 
private love feast. Three were anointed. 
About 275 aermons were delivered. Three se- 
ries of meetings were held.—/. E. Blough, 
Stantons Mill, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Upper Canowago. — Dec. 16 Bro. S. H. 
Hertzler, of Elizabethtown, Pa., commenced a 
series of meetings at the Mummert house and 
also gave us two practical and soul-cheering 
aermons in the East Berlin church, closing 
Dec. 30. Members were much strengthened 
with spiritual food, — Andrew Bowser, East 
Berlin, Pa„Jan.3. 


Saginaw.— The District Meeting of Texas 
and Louisiana is among the things of the past; 
also the Sunday School and Ministerial Meet- 
ings. All were very good. The weather, 
however, was against the meetings, it being 
somewhat rainy and cold. Eld. Joseph Minix 
{Concluded on last page.) 



Jan, ii, 1902 

An Example of Faithfulness. 

A brother and his wife lived isolated from 
the church. They called for meetings and the 
call was answered. In time several neighbors 
united with the church. Later an organization 
was effected and the brother elected a deacon. 
There being no resident minister, the Mission 
Board located one. From different causes 
changes were made, each successive minister 
laboring faithfully, with but few additions. 
Trouble arose among the members, and at last 
the Mission Board felt it unwise to keep a 
resident minister at the point; but kept up oc- 
casional appointments by sending in neighbor- 
ing ministers. 

During these years a prayer meeting was kept 
up constantly and the faithful few determined 
to continue it. The attendance decreased, and 
yet the few faithful ones came. At last only 
two, the above-mentioned brother and a sister, 
came regularly. The meetings were held in 
town in an upstairs hall, and I tell the facts as 
related to me by a family of outsiders who 
lived across the street. They could see the 
movements of the inmates through the uncur- 
tained windows. The brother and sister sang 
and prayed and talked together with as much 
earnestness as though the room had been full, 
and spent the entire hour in worship. -. 

But on one night the sister could not attend 
and the brother, who lived three miles from 
the place of meeting, had walked in to attend 
the prayer meeting. When he found that the 
sister could not be present, he went to the hall 
as usual. My informants saw him go and saw 
the light, and were irresistibly drawn to tiptoe 
up the stairs and peep in the window, and what 
do you suppose they saw? The brother was 
kneeling at his accustomed place and pouring 
out his soul to God in prayer. What faithful- 
ness! Would you or I, my dear reader, have 
done it? It wasa little thing, but what couraee 
it must have taken to do it. And was any good 
accomplished? My informants said in conclu- 
sion, while tears stood in their eyes, " If any- 
one goes to heaven surely Bro. will be 

one." These people are not members, but 
who can tell what may be? And what would 
be the cause? 

Again, better times have come to that little 
church, and under God's blessings it will some 
day be a strong congregation. The prayers of 
that faithful one, dear reader, reached the 
throne of God, and whatever others may do, 
his faithfulness will remain the primary cause 
of the building up of a congregation of the 
faithful ones, and the salvation of precious 
souls. This brother was Dot learned or able or 
eloquent or wealthy, not even young, but he 
was faithful. What might we not accomplish 
with our greater opportunities? 

This incident has put me to shame, and I 
hope it may serve others likewise and provoke 
them to better service. J. Overholtzer. 
Cotton, Cat., Dec. 2j. 

Death of Bid. Joseph L. rivers. 

Bro Myers was born in Carroll County, Md., 
March 7, A. D. 1833. When a voung man he 
came to Illinois. Here he enlisted in the 
Union army and served over three years in the 
Civil War. 

May 1, 1864, he was united in holy matri- 
mony to Ruth John. To them were born six 
children; of whom three — one son and two 
daughters— are yet living. Feb. 16, 1873, this 
union was broken by the death of hi"! wife. 
Dec. 8, 1874, he was married to Sister Matilda 
Beitler. To them was born one daughter. In 
the spring of 1882 he moved with hie family to 
Guthrie County, Iowa. 

Bro. Myers united with the church about two 
years after he returned from the army. He 
was soon chosen to the ministry and served 
faithfully as a servant of the church. On Feb. 
5, 1886, he was again bereft of hia companion 
by death. May 14, 1887, he was married to 
Sister Sallie A. Tibbals. 

In the spring of 1897 they left their pleasant 
home in Yale, Iowa, and moved to the Harlan 
church, Shelby County, Iowa, then without a 
resident minister. Here he was ordained to the 
eldership and after giving two years of faith- 
ful service to the church at this place they 
moved to Cando, N. Dak., where they secured 
a homestead which they improved and proved 
up on last July. 

While in North Dakota Bro. Myers worked 
faithfully in the Master's cause and was sent to 
Annual Meeting of 1900 on Standing Commit- 

Last October they moved back to Yale and 
he had just finished fixing his home for the 
winter. For several years he had been aJTlict- 
ed with stomach and heart trouble. He re- 
cently had several severe attacks, but was up 
and around the house Dec. 23, and for an hour 
before his death— which occurred at 5:40 on 
the morning of Dec. 24— he conversed with his 
companion as usual. A few minutes before 
his death he said he believed he would get up 
earlier than usual as he felt restless. S^on he 
began to breathe heavily, became unconscious 
and in a few minutes he quietly fell asleep in 
Jesus, aged sixty-eight years, nine months and 
seventeen days. 

Bro. Myers' most powerful preaching was 
his holy life — making friends everywhere. 
Even before his conversion Bro. Mvers won 
the confidence of all around him. When a 
prisoner of war in " Libby." he was given by the 
" enemy " a position of trust. 

In Bro. Myers' death our bereaved sister 
loses a faithful companion, the children a 
righteouB father whose holy example is worthy 
of their imitation, the church a faithful servant 
and the community a good neighbor. 

The mortal remains were deposited in the 
Coon River cemetery Dec. 27. Funeral serv- 
ices were conducted by Bro. Moses Deardorff, 
assisted by Bro. Emery Fiscal. Bro. Myers 
had arranged the day before his death to be 
anointed the day he was called away. 

J. D. Haughtelin. 
Panora, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

The Lord's Supper. 

This phrase is used but once in the New 
Testament, 1 Cor. 11:20. It was instituted in 
that upper room in Jerusalem by the Master 
himself from the last supper he ate with his 
disciples before he suffered. At least three re- 
sults are derived from eating this meal proper- 
ly: (1) The needs of the body are supplied as 
from any other meal. (2) Friendship and good 
will are indicated and promoted by rich and 
poor thus eating together as one family. 
Caste lines are out of the way and all eat to- 
gether this family meal as becometh the family 
of the Great King. (3) It carries the mind for- 
ward in hopeful anticipation to its fulfillment in 
the kingdom of God. Of it Jesus said, " I will 
not any more eat thereof until it be fulfilled in 
the kingdom of God." Luke 22:16. 

Daniel Vaniman. 

McPherson, Kans. 

From Northern Indiana. 

The Sunday School Meeting of Northern 
Indiana was held in the Goshen City church 
Dec, 27. 

The opening devotional exercises were con- 
ducted by S. F, Sanger. Then the committee 
reported the following officers for the day: 
Moderator, A. I. Mow; Writing Clerk, D, Owen 
Cottrell; Timekeeper, Levi Puterbaugh. 

I. L, Berkey gave an address of welcome, 
and S. J. Burger responded. The different 
topics were then taken up and discussed in an 
nteresting manner. 

Six queries were read and discussed, A col- 
lection for furthering the convention work was 
taken, amounting to {11,13. Provisions were 
made for keeping permanent recorda of the 

On the preceding evening A. I. Mow deliv- 
ered a sermon, and this evening S. P. Berkey- 
bile. D. Owen Cottrell, Writing Clerk. 

North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 28. 

From Country to City. 

Out across the river, beyond long stretches 
of fields, iD an isolated prairie where the post 
office is in a side room of some farmer's dwell- 
ing and the sound of the cars comes only on a 
frosty morning, the church is held intact and 
separate from the world by methods common 
over the Brotherhood. The elder is held up as 
a model housekeeper because his congregation 
shows the fruits of his labors. There are ob- 
stacles now and then, but they are either avoid- 
ed or overcome, and the church prospers in its 
even way. 

By and by the elder of this country church is 
called to the oversight of a straggling flock in 
a small city, and if he follows the rule he 
adopts methods similar to those he used before. 
But as time goes on anyone can see the work is 
not successful. It doesn't prosper. The 
members scatter instead of unite, and outsiders 

lose all interest. But the elder labors faithful- 
ly. He works much harder than in the country 
church, and after the same manner, but the re- 
sult seems nothing. The flock becomes a 
source of anxiety to him, for the members are 
prone to follow everything else but primitive 
Christianity. His work there is a failure, and 
he resigns the charge with a heart set against 
work in cities. Of course he does not admit 
failure upon his part. It is the worldliness of 
city members. 

Now there is a common-sense way of looking 
at such conditions that many a minister who 
has good sense otherwise fails to see. People 
in cities are no more worldly by nature than in 
the country. The human heart is the same 
whether in the desert, or in the heart of cities, 
or upon the trackless ocean. The love of God 
comes into it just the same and likewise is the 
adversary there in all cases. The difference is 
that in the city Satan has a hundred weapons 
to ruin the soul where in the country he has 
ten. He does his worst in either place, but in 
cities his opportunities for evil are greater. 
That is the reason of his greater success there 
and that is all there is to it. 

The sensible thing for the minister to do 
about it is to meet the enemy with equal skill. 
It is foolishness to think that what will rout him 
where his advantages are few will do the same 
where they are many. The poorest farmer 
knows better than to hitch his light buggy team 
to a heavy plow, and expect to plow the high- 
way. Have not we as ministers equal wisdom? 

If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of 
God." And the man who attempts city church 
work will need great wisdom. The brightest 
and sharpest and wisest men in Satan's ranks 
are inventors and venders and promoters of 
almost every conceivable thing to confound 
the follower of Christ, and they are obstacles 
that must be met with equal skill or the minis- 
ter will fail, and the extent of his failure is ac- 
cording to his inability to cope with the condi- 
tions. It is not enough to have the Sword of 
the Spirit, unless you can strike the enemy 
with its point. The armor of God is no protec- 
tion if you huddle up in it like a tortoise in its 
shell. But it takes keen, quick and wide-awake 
thought and prompt, fearless action, as well as 
godliness, to meet the conditions in every city. 

But it is a mistake to measure success by 
numbers. The member who lets his light 
shine the farthest and broadest and deepest in- 
fluences the world most for his Master. In a 
city a Christian's light may reach hundreds 
where in the country it reaches ten or less. 
The average brother or sister in the country 
may influence by contact or otherwise, say one 
thousand different persons in a lifetime, while 
the disciple in the city may influence half that 
many in a year. Our deeds live after us, and 
in no place may this be more true than in a 
wicked city. John E. Mohler. 

Warrensburg, Mo. 

We are Brethren. 

There seems to be an idea that we should 
hold to the name or term "German Baptist." 
Why is this? Was it so always? I can think 
back sixty years or more. My grandfather, 
Joseph Garber, was a minister. In my boy- 
hood days he came to our house often and met 
there with other Brethren ministers. In talk- 
ing of the Brethren they always said " Breders- 
lite:' Psalm 133: " Behold how good and how 
pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in 
unity." Matt. 23: 8, " But be not ye called 
rabbi; for one is your Master, even Christ, and 
all ye are brethren." 

When we use the term Brethren we have the 
Old and the New Testament term, the very foun- 
dation upon which the church is built. It is 
neither misleading nor repulsive in its term; it 
is adapted for any people, for all nations of the 
earth. Cornelius Kessler. 

Smithboro, HI,, Dec, 30, 

From Clark County, Ohio. 

I am now at the Donnels Creek church, 
Clark Co., Ohio. I left my home at Girard, 
III., Dec. 11. My first stop was in Darke 
County, Ohio, to visit wife's mother and a few 
other friends. 

I arrived at my place of present labor Satur- 
day, Dec. 14, and met a fair congregation. 
Three have put on Christ. This is largely on 
account of the love and union of the member- 
ship. At the old Donnels Creek church much 
I love and Christian devotion prevail, and quite 

an interest is manifested on the part of the 
membership for those without. 

The church here is presided over by Eld, 
David L»atherman, assisted by Eld. Jacob 
Sandy and an efficient number of ministers 
and deacons who stand united in the work and 
for the welfare and future prosperity of the 
flock. May our co operative work be blessed 

My next work will be in the Oakley church, 
111. M. Flory. 

Dec. 28. 


" What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder," 

HAUCK— BURKHOLDER.— Bytbe under- 
signed, at the bride's home, Nov. 12, igoi, 
Michael M. Hauck, of Landis Valley, and Jen- 
nie Burkholder, of Oregon, both of Lancaster 
County, Pa. J. W. Myer. 

KNIPPLE— NOFSINGER— By the under- 
signed, at the home of Brother J. E and Sister 
Oma Macauley, Dec. 24, 1901, Mr. William J. 
Knippleand Sister M. Alice Nofsinger, both of 
Roanoke, 111. J. W. Switzer, 


" Blrnsed are the dead v. hie h die In the Lord." 

BOTTGER, Julia, died Dec. 21, 1901, near 
Ollie, Iowa, aged 91 years, 5 months and 27 
days. She was born in Germany June 24, 1810. 
In 1833 she was united in marriage to J. C. 
Bottger. To this union were born seven chil- 
dren, four of whom remain. She was a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran church for a number of 
years. Services at the Brethren church by 
Eld. John Gable, assisted by Bro. J. H. Keller. 
Grace Brown. 

COOK, Clarence Leroy, son of friend Johnnie 
and Martha Cook, died Dec. 22, 1901, at his 
home near Walnut, Ind,, aged 22 years, 7 
months and 5 days. He was taken sick with 
lung fever. He leaves father and mother, 
Services at the Walnut church by Mr. Whit- 
taker from I Cor. 13: 12, Interment in the 
Richland Center cemetery. 

Nettie Rohrer. 

CLINE, Ticey Anna, died Dec. 24, 1901, 
near Mound City, Mo., aged 1 1 years, 9 months 
and 29 days. She was the daughter of Bro, M, 
and Sister Amanda Cline. Disease, typhoid 
fever, followed by paralysis. L, H. Eby. 

CULP, Francis, died Dec. 23, 1901, at the 
home of Bro. Christian Royer, in the Dallas 
Center congregation, Iowa, aged 91 years and 
7 days. He was a member of the Brethren 
church for fifty years. Services by the Breth- 
ren. Geo. A. Shamberger. 

COOL, Sarah Ann, died Nov. 30, 1901, at 
Union, Ohio, aged 83 years, 3 months and 25 
days. Services in the Salem Central house. 
Samuel Snell 

DICKEY, George B., died Dec. n, 1901,10 
the Middle Creek church, near Lavansville, 
Pa., aged 80 years, 8 months and 19 days. He 
was a consistent member of the church for 
over fifty years. His companion and one son, 
the only child, survive him. Services in the 
Middle Creek church by the writer from Job 
14:14, assisted by Eld. Josiah Berkley. Inter- 
ment in the Middle Creek church cemetery. 
Silas Hoover. 

ENGLAR, SisterSusie L., died Nov. 22, 1901, 
in the bounds of the Pipe Creek church, Carroll 
County, Md., aged 18 years, 2 months and 4 
days, Her remains were laid to rest in the 
burial ground attached to the church, and the 
occasion improved by the writer to a large 
congregation of sympathizing friends. 

E.W. Stoner. 

FIDLER, Sister Lydia, nee Detrick, died 
Dec. 18, 1901, in the Salem congregation, 
Montgomery County, Ohio, aged 60 years, 2 
months and 24 days. She was married to Bro. 
Joseph T. Fidler April 25, 1865. To this union 
were born three sons, two of whom preceded 
her. She leaves husband and one son. She 
was sick about five weeks. She was an exem- 
plary member of the Brethren church for about 
twenty-eight years and loved by all who knew 
her. Services at our central house by elders 
Jesse Stutsman and John H, Brumbaugh from 
Mark 14:8. Wm. Minnich. 

Jan. : 




FULLEM, Sister Elizabeth, died Sept. 13, 
1901, in the Middle Creek congregation, Som- 
erset Co., Pa., aged 79 years, 7 months and 6 
days. Services by Eld. R. T. Pollard and the 
writer. Joel GnAGEV. 

HANG, FranciB Mary, daughter of James 
and Catharine Hang, died Dec. 22, igoi, at 
Canton, Ohio, aged 24 years, 1 month and 8 
days. She was the youngest in a family of 
five children. Her parents, three sisters and 
one brother survive. Francis was a dutiful 
daughter and loving sister. She united with 
the Brethren church in her youth and contin- 
ued faithful until death. Interment on Christ- 
mas day at the Center cemetery. Services by 
brethren Samuel Sprankle and the writer. 

John F. Kechler. 

HERTZLER, Sister Etta, nee Brammell, 
wife of friend Parris J. Hertzler, died Dec. 20, 
loot, in the East Maple Grove church, Johnson 
County, Kans., of cancer, aged 23 years, 
month and 8 days. She was born in Jefferson 
County, Kans., Nov. 12, 1878, She united with 
the church at the same place May 20, 1885. She 
was married to friend Parris J. Hertzler Aug. 15, 
iqoo, She leaves a sorrowing husband, father, 
fourbrothers and two sisters. Her mother, two 
brothers and two sisters preceded her. She 
bore her severe suffering with Christian pa- 
tience. She was a good worker in the church 
and Sunday school. Services by the writer 
from 2 Cor. 5-. 1-3. H, F. Crist. 

HOCK, Bro. Adam, died Dec. 26, igoi, in the 
Slate Creek church, Sumner Co., Kans., aged 
84 years, 5 months andg days. Bro. Hock was 
born in Northampton County, Pa„ July 17, 
1817. He was married to Mary Martin in 
Lancaster City. Of six children four survive 
him. His good wife preceded him about three 
years. Bro. Hock was a member of the Breth- 
ren church forty-four years, and served the 
church in the deacon's office about twenty-one 
years. Interment in the Conway Springs cem- 
etery. Services by Eld. John Wise from Num. 
22: 10. J. B. Thompson. 

KEIM, Sister Sarah, nee Cherryholmes, wife 
of Bro. Jacob Keim, died Nov. 29, 1901, in the 
Cedar Creek district, Anderson Co., Kans,, 
aged 70 years, 4 months and 8 days. She unit- 
ed with the "Old German Baptist" church 
many years ago. Her sickness was heart fail- 
ure. Services by the Brethren from 2 Tim 4. 
She leaves a husband and seven children. 

Peter Heck. 

LAMADY, Adam, died Dec. u, tooi, near 
North Liberty, Ind., aged 64 years, 5 months 
and 13 days. He was struck by the engine of a 
passing train and instantly killed. Services at 
Sumption Prairie M. E. church by the writer. 
S. F. Sanger. 

LINDEMA, Bro. Perry, died Dec. 17, 1901, 
in the Summit Mill congregation, Somerset 
County, Pa., of paralysis, aged 42 years, 6 
months and 20 days. He leaves a wife and 
eight children. Services by E. N. Hochsted- 
ler and the writer. Joel Gnagey. 

MILLER, Bro. A. M. T„ died Dec. 17, 1901, 
at Siloam Springs, Ark,, aged 54 years and 29 
days. Bro, Miller and wife had gone to the 
above-named place to spend the winter, but on 
the day after their arrival he took sick with 
pleurisy. Heart trouble also set in. He was 
Bick about ten days, Bro. Miller was born in 
Hagerstown, Md„ Nov. 22, 1847. He came to 
Ogle County, III., with his parents in 1867. 
Jan. 6, 1870, he was united in marriage with 
Mary C. Price, who died Sept. 1, 1894. To 
this union were born two sons and four daugh- 
ters, all living. In i875he removed to Marshall 
County, Iowa, remaining here five years, when, 
in 1880, he came to Nebraska, locating near 
Pickrell, where he has lived for about twenty- 
one years. In November, 1898, he was mar- 
ried to Mrs, A. Q. Miller, who survives him. 
His remains were brought to Beatrice, Nebr., 
and services in the Methodist church by Mr, 
Thomas. Text, Rev. 14:13- From thence the 
remains were brought to the home of his 
daughter, Mrs. Lester Sollenberger, until Sun- 
day, Dec. 22, when services took place at the 
North Beatrice church, conducted by the writ- 
er. Text, Matt. s:8and 1 Cor. 13: 12. 

A. D. Sollenberger. 

OLIVER, Bro. Columbus, sod of Abraham 
and Mary Ann Oliver, died Dec. 20, igoi, in 
the bounds of the Libertyville church, Iowa, 
aged 42 years, 8 months and 4 days. He was 
bora in Putnam County, Indiana, and with his 
parents came to Iowa in 1880, He united with 

the Brethren church in 1882 and was a faithful 
and exemplary member until the time of his 
death. Services by Eld. A. Wolf. 

W, N. Glotfelty, 

OVER, Bro. Cyrus R., son of Bro. David and 
Sister Lizzie Over, died Dec. 1, iqoi, at New 
Enterprise, Pa., of typhoid fever, aged 23 years, 
4 months and 1 day. Bro. Cyrus was a very 
pious and industrious young man. He united 
with the church early in life and seemed wholly 
consecrated to his Savior. Interment in New 
Enterprise cemetery. Services by brethren D. 
T. Detwiler and Geo. S. Myers from 1 Peter 1: 
3-5. E. A. M. Replogle. 

RUTHRAUFF, Bro. David, died Dec. 20, 
igoi, in the Paint Creek church, Bourbon Co., 
Kans., aged 71 years, 11 months and 22 days. 
He leaves a wife and eight children. He was 
a kind and affectionate husband and father. 
He was a member of the Brethren church about 
forty-five years. Services by W. H. Leaman 
assisted by E. M. Wolf, A. C. Nume: 

ROYER, John, died Dec. 12, 1901, in the 
Palestine church, Ohio, aged 61 years, 3 
months and 23 days. He was instantly killed 
by the accidental discharge of a gun. Feb. 20, 
862, he was united in marriage to Elizabeth 
Wise, of Miami County, Ohio. To this union 
were born nine sons and six daughters, of 
whom two sons and two daughters preceded 
him. About a year after their marriage he 
united with the Brethren church, of which he 
remained a faithful member until his death. 
He served in the office of deacon about eight- 
een years. Services by Eld. Daniel Garver. 
Text, John 14: 1, 2. Daniel Bausman. 

SOURS, Sister Susan, died Dec. 15, 1901, in 
the Mount Zion congregation, Va., aged 98 
years. She leaves six children. Services by 
brethren Rothgeb and Strickler. Interment in 
the family burying ground. 

Bettie Beahm Sours. 

SPANGLER, Bro. Asa, died Dec. 14, 1901, 
at the home of his son, at Cirtsville, W. Va., 
aged 79 years and 16 days. Bro. Spangler en- 
dured much hardship during his life. He came 
from Floyd County, Va„ to Raleigh County, 
W. Va., fifty years ago. He was a faithful 
member of the Brethren church a greater part 
of his life. He also did very much in the build' 
ing up of this county. His first wife and two 
children preceded him. Five children are 1 
ing yet. Services by the writer. 

M. P. Snuffer 

STAMBAUGH, Eliza, died Dec. 17, 1901, in 
Grant County, Ind, aged 78 years, 11 months 
and 11 days. She was born in Roanoke Coun 
ty, Virginia, Jan. 6, 1823. She came to Grant 
County, Ind., with her parents in 1849. She 
was united in marriage to William Stambaugh 
Jan. 29, 1856. To this union four daughters 
were born, one of whom died in infancy. Her 
husband preceded her almost twenty-one 
years. In September, 1850, she united with the 
Brethren church and was baptized by Eld. 
John Whiteneck. She was a faithful and de- 
voted member for fifty years. Services in the 
Brick churchhouse in Mt. Vernon church by 
Bro. Otho Winger, assisted by Bro. W. L, 
Hatcher and Bro. John Strausburg. She was 
the last one of a family of seven children. 

Obed C. Rife. 

TEETER, Bro. Samuel K„ died Nov. 21, 
loot, at New Enterprise, Pa„ aged 83 years, 10 
months and 1 day. Bro. Teeter was known by 
many for his wonderful knowledge of the 
Scripture. He was a faithful deacon in the 
church for many years. He leaves one son and 
five daughters. His wife and one daughter 
preceded him a few years ago. Interment in 
New Enterprise cemetery. Services by Bro. 
C. L. Buck and John L. Holsinger from 2 Tim. 
4: 7, E. A. M. Replogle. 

ZEIGLER, Elizabeth, died Oct. 12, 1001, at 
Harrisburg, Pa., aged 63 years, 1 month and 5 
days. Deceased was born Sept. 7, 1901. She 
was married to Jacob Shearer Oct. 16, 1856. 
This union was blessed with five sons and three 
daughters. Three preceded her. 

A. J. Shope 

ZIGLER, Eld. Samuel, died Nov. 30, 1901, in 
the Linville Creek church, Va., aged 85 years, I 
month and 19 days. He was a faithful mem- 
ber and elder for over forty years. He was 
buried beside his wife (who preceded him twen- 
ty-one years before) in the Linville Creek cem- 
etery. Services by Eld. Jos. Spitzer. 

Michael Ziglek. 


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Have You Read the 

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Or to be more exact, the Life of Eld. John 
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an eminent brother in Virginia, where he 
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the church. 

The book is a substantial, well-bound volume 
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There is good territory left for agents. Write 
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And every other person, for that matter, 
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Sunday-school Lessons for 1902. 

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Owing lo a Rrent de- 
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consider the tune to ' Be Loyal, Pilgrims ' the 
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I have received the third hundred of Hym- 
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Jan. ii, 1902 

(Continued from Page 29.) 
is delegate to Annual Meeting. Eld. P. R, 
Wrightsman alternate. Two papers were 
passed to Annual Meeting.— A.J. Wine, Clerk, 

Dee. ?/. 


Knob Creek.— Our series of meetings con- 
ducted by Bro. C. P. Rowland, of Lanark, 111. 
began Dec. 3 and closed Dec. 29. The weatb 
er being very unfavorable, the meetings were 
not attended as well as was desired; Bro. 
Rowland preached thirty-eight soul-cheering 
sermons. Five tender lambs were buried with 
Christ in baptism. The church is greatly re- 
vived and much encouraged.— Mary White, 
Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 30. 

Limestone.— We had services on Thanks- 
giving day. Two dollars and seventy-five 
cents was collected for world-wide missions 
and one dollar for the India mission. Eld. J. 
B. Pence, in ill health for a month, is now con- 
valescing. Bro. Rowland is expected here.— 
H. M. Sherfy, R. R. No. 2, Telford, Tenn., 
Dec. 31. 

Pleasant Valley.— Eld. S. A, Sanger, of 
Rockingham County, Virginia, commenced 
meetings for us Dec. 8 and continued until 
Dec. 22, preaching twenty-eight sermons. 
Two were added to the church. The church 
has been much built up by our meetings.— C. 
H. Diehl, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 27. 

Nokesvllle.— Dec. 14 Eld. G. S. Rairigb, of 
Denton, Md., began a series of meetings. He 
preached twenty sermons while with us. We 
feel greatly benefited. Dec. 28 we had our 
love feast. Bro. Rairigh officiated. The feast 
was an enjoyable one.— C. W. Beah?n, Brents- 
ville, Va.,Jan.3. 


Dority.— Last evening I began a series of 
meetings at the U. B. church at this place. 
There are no members of the Rrethren here. I 
have kept an appointment at this place since 
last July under direction of the Mission Board 
of the First District of West Virginia. This 
meeting is to decide the future work at this 
place. Had only thirty-five or forty last night 
on account of rain. — Evira T Fike, Eglon, W, 
Va„ Dec. 29. 

fit. Zlon. — I began a series of meetings at 
Mt. Zion, Barbour County, W. Va., Dec. 15 and 
continued until Dec. 29, holding twenty-one 
meetings, including one council meeting. The 
little band of Brethren have a strong opposi- 
tion to contend with. During our meetings an 
election was held for a minister, the lot falling 
on Bro. S. M. Annon, a brother to the writer. 
Two were baptized at the close of the meeting 
and one applicant. I got home Dec. 30 and 
found all well except my wife. I am laboring 
under a cold, but if able will start Jan. 10 to 
Blair County, Pennsylvania, to hold a series of 
meetings; Feb. 8 to Tucker County, West Vir- 
ginia; March I to Braxton County, West Vir- 
ginia. — Z. Annon, Thornton, W. Va.,Jan.i, 

Barron church met in council meeting Dec. 
28. The meeting went off nicely, everything 
in order. We took up a collection for home 
mission and got two dollars. Took up another 
collection to get money to repair the church; 
got S5.50. There was collected Si I 80, We 
decided to have a love feast in the spring and 
have a series of meetings. We had a Thanks- 
giving meeting. Bro. E. E. Joyce talked. We 
had meeting Christmas and Bro. Frank Hall 
talked for us, after which Bro. W. H. Cooker 
talked to-the children; then dinner was served. 
After dinner we had a short song service. 
Christmas night five of us went to Father Hen- 
derson Joyce's and sang a few songs and had 
prayer, which he enjoyed. He has been bed- 
fast for some time.— Edna Cooker, Hillsdale, 
Wis,, Dec. 30. 


Your Subscription to the 

Gospel Messenger for 1902 


We shall be pleased to have all of our old subscribers renew without 
further delay. The date on the papers can then be moved up to Jan. I, 1903. 

A number of new names have been added to our list. The old subscrib- 
ers will of course want the paper continued, and this will give the Messenger 
an increased circulation. 

No member of the Brethren church should think of doing without the 
Gospel Messenger, for the paper keeps our people thoroughly posted on all 
lines of work carried on by the church. 

The paper is printed every week, there being fifty-two issues a year. 
Price, per annum, Si. 50. 

22 and 24 S. State Street, ------ Elgin, Illinois. 

The instructors were all well prepared for 
their work and the only regret we have to offer 
is that more workers did not avail themselves 
of the golden opportunity offered. It was for 
the good of the cause we labored for this meet- 

Enough needed the instruction and inspira- 
tion held out to them at arm's length, but they 
have not reached for it. It seems like robins 
in the nest, they 'd like it put into their mouths 
— perhaps by the Holy Spirit— just when they 
stand before their classes. We do not com- 
plain, only pity. The home church is much 
edified and we know good must result. 

Chas, A. Bame. 

Williamstown, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

How the nessenger Takes. 

I gave out a number of the sample copies of 
the Messenger (doctrinal issue), among oth- 
ers, one to a leading merchant of our city. 
Seeing him a few days after he said, "That pa- 
per you gave me the other day is the cleanest, 
solidest religious paper I have yet come across. 
Is it your church paper?" When told that it 
was, he said, "Well, I must say I am excep- 
tionally well pleased with it. The article on 
• Which Church ' (by H. B. B.) was the clear- 
est-cut exposition of a church's position I have 
ever seen. I am surprised to know that your 
church has such a paper." 

Themerchant above-mentioned is a prominent 
member of the M. E. church and a member of 
its official board. This has much more weight 
than a half-dozen adverse criticisms from per- 
sons who think they have a flaw to find in its 
literary style. It is such critics who pick the 
Bible to pieces. Whenever I see or hear a 
member of the church, especially a minister, 
who is continually finding fault with the 
church's publications, I set it down that he is 
not "sound in the faith," Not that they are 
perfect, for they are the work of fallible crea- 
tures; but to be continually criticising them is 
a sure sign of weakness. 

The Sunday-school institute at the Eagle 
Creek church last week was a success, and we 
wish many more could have been present. 
We hope this will not be the last one. Bro. 
Reuben Shroyer commences a series of meet- 
ings at the Logan church Jan. 5. 

John R. Snyder. 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. 


"Write what thou seest, and send it 
unto the churches." 

From the Eagle Creek Church, Ohio. 

The Sunday-school teachers' institute has 
gone with the history of iqoi. The Lord 
smiled graciously upon us and gave us excel- 
lent weather. Measured by the number of 
attendants from a distance, it was not large, 
though a faithful attendance of the home coun- 
try was manifest. Measured by enthusiasm 
and inspiration it was an excellent meeting. 

Bro. J. J. Cross (mute) preaches at Anderson, 
Ind., interpreted by his thirteen-year-old son, 
for the speaking people every two weeks or 
once a month. He lives at Alexandria, Ind., 
with his family now. Now we have no mute 
minister in our district. B, C. CROSS. 

Jan, 2. 

Another Year is Gone. 

The forty-first year of my ministerial work 
has passed over to the Recorder. But this is not 
the last of it, The book of records will be 
opened, and then it will be either pleasant or oth- 
erwise. See 2 Cor. 5: 10; Rev. 20: 12; Matt. 7:21, 
22; also Psa. 126:6. It is a fearful thing to live 
before God, but "woe is unto me, if I preach 
not the Gospel! " I Cor. 9: 16. Verse 27 tells 
me what I must do, as well as preach: " But I 
keep under my body, and bring it into subjec- 
tion; lest that by any means, when I have 
preached to others, I myself should be a casta- 
way." If we who preach would all follow the 
good example and instructions of Paul, we 
would have a happy time here, and in the 
world to come wear a crown of righteousness 
that never will fade. 

This is the last day of 10,01. I have deliv- 
ered 212 discourses since our Annual Meeting 
at Lincoln, Nebr. My health is good; my aide 
sore yet. A. Hutchison. 




Feb. 1, Lordsburg. 
Feb. 15, 3 P. M , Coltoi 


This Is What Peter Minimum Says About 
Bible Biographies. 

From nichlgan City, Ind. 

Our mute Bible class has been continued 
every two weeks for over a year in this town. 
There are sometimes lots of mutes attending it. 
We have no speaking brethren to teach our 
children; so we wish some of you to live here 
to teach them when you can find a job in a fac- 
tory. There are twenty-five mutes employed 
in the carworks owned by the Haskel and 
Parker Co, 

Our dear mute brother, Frank McBeever. 
was very sick and called for the elders to 
anoint him. Brethren S. Oversole, of Bremen, 
Ind,, and A. VanDyke, of Nebraska, anointed 
him. Now he is out of danger. 

books, but did 



A Talk With Our Readers. 

"I had seen the advertisement ol the 
not know their value. I have now 
the five, and they are a good gilt 
to anyone that will read them, 
young or old. They are worth 
their weight in gold, in my estima- 

I would that the center tables of 
our brethren were loaded witb 
such books instead of the trashy 
novels and harmful literature that 
is so often in the homes."— Peter 
Huffman, Elkhart, Ind. 

The cut shows only a part 
of the beauty of the set of 
books. The five that are now ready are "Jos- 
eph the Ruler," "Samuel the Judge," "David 
the King," " Daniel the Fearless," " Moses the 
the Leader," and first volume of "Jesus the 
Savior." * 

They are artistically made, combining ele- 
gance and beauty at a moderate eost. You 
cannot make a better selection for a ChriBtmas 

The price, postpaid, is thirty-five cents each, 
or three for $1.00. Let us have your order 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin, III. 


At the end of the year at the Publishing 
House here there is always an unusual rush of 
correspondence. The hurried and harried 
workers where the hundreds of letters come 
pouring in daily can do little- more than to 
open and stack up the correspondence for ad- 
justment in the immediate future. Thus it 
happens, in a good many instances, that the 
Cook Book is not immediately forthcoming 
and there is a wonder abroad in the land that 
it does not immediately show up. Let all our 
friends wait patiently. It is said that 

AH Things Come to Him 
Who Waits, 

and the book will be along one of these days 
and then everybody will be happy. 

In a short time Frank and Kathleen will 
start on their long trip, and if we know any- 
thing about such matters there will be a roost 
interesting series of articles. And do you 
know that there is a real Kathleen to it all ? 
Are we going to tell ? Indeed that we are not. 
But you may guess. And the pictures will be 

The Success of Your Magazine has been 
Something Phenomenal. 

The reason is easy It is because it hits the 
people where they are most interested and 
they are not slow to appreciate it. Reading it 
is like working in the garden on a June morn- 
ing when you are feeling well, and the scent of 
flowers and the hum of the bees are in the air. 
Thousands of people not members of our 
church take your magazine and read it with 
delight. And there are other thousands who 
are going to take it, 

The Future of Your Magazine is a 
Very Promising One, 

And confidentially, now, there is going to be a 
good deal of the strong meat of doctrine 
worked into the jelly of adventure as we go 
along. Mind that ! We don't say much about 
it, but we have it in mind all right enough. 

In a short time all the subscribers to the 
Inglenook will be in receipt of their magazine 
regularly, and for the benefit of those whose 
subscriptions do not expire till later there will 
also be a Cook Book reserved. 

Taking all things into consideration the great 
and growing 'Nook family ought to feel happy 
over the outcome of their magazine, for it be- 
longs to the readers and the subscribers in all 
things that pertain to its contents and conduct. 
When you see anything that you think would 
be an improvement call our attention t^> it, and 
when you see anything you like or don't like, 
do not hesitate to write us here. 

There is another thing, and that is 

When You See a Good Thing 
Pass it Along. 

Tell your neighbors and friends about it, and 
let them have their share of it. It is one of 
those things that becomes thicker the wider 
you spread it. Lots and lots of people would 
invite the little blue-covered friend into their 
houses if they only knew about it. Suppose 
you introduce us. Everybody will be wanting 
those Frank and Kathleen letters with the 
pictures, once they get started. Don't be 
selfish. Tell your neighbors and friends about 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 40. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 18, 1902. 

No. 3. 



Famlne Again, 41 

The Sweets of Llle <* 

An Important Discovery Id Egypt, 42 

The Year ol Chrlst'a Birth 42 

Querists' Department 42 


"In the Day of Thy Youth." By J. W. Wayland 3* 

Fill the Front Seats. By N. R Baker 34 

Incentives to Sunday School Work. By Carman C. Johnson, 34 

India Notes. By Eliza B. Miller 31 

The End of This Life. By H. A. Stahl 36 

Whose Image do We Bear Now? By A. Hutchison 36 

Notes and Jottings of My Trip East, By I. J. Roscnberger 36 

The Church's Opportunity. By W. E. Roop 37 

Pride and Humility. By Mattie A.Lear 37 

With My Bible on Lake Galilee, By Albert C. Wieand, 38 

Evangelists, Pastors, and Teachers. By John E. Mohler, 38 


Education By L. C. Hosfeldt -.-39 

Two More Pictures. By J. E. Young 39 

What do with the Old People? By Hattie Mae Netzly 39 


" Ye Have an Anointing," 43 

From Canada. By Lizzie Hilary, 43 

Hindrances in Japan. By John E. Mohler 43 

From Montreal, Canada By Chas. S. Hilary, 43 

From Washington, D. C. By Carrie Westergren «3 

Report of Brooklyn Mission, 43 


In Palma's election it looks as though Cuba has chosen 
a wise and efficient head. Mr. Palma has been an exile 
for over twenty years, and during most of that time 
lias supported himself and family in this country by 
teaching. He is in his makeup a Spaniard and Ameri- 
can, with all the firmness and prudence necessary to 
rule a nation. In a measure he has outlined his 
policy, saying that he is in favor of giving the masses 
the very best possible educational advantages. He 
goes from the schoolroom to the presidential chair, and 
will carry with him his educational enthusiasm. He 
further says that he wants neither a navy, nor a stand- 
ing army. His purpose is to teach the people of 
Cuba to live at peace with other nations as well as in 
peace among themselves, and then there will be no 
need of large expenditures for military purposes. For 
home protection he will police the island, but depend 
to some extent on the strong influence and friendship of 
the United States for protection "against foreign inter- 
ference. He further insists upon the young republic 
keeping out of debt and moving no faster in public 
improvement than the revenues of the country will 
justify. Seventeen years ago he started in New York 
a seminary for boys, which was attended almost ex- 
clusively by the sons of wealthy Cubans. To-day his 
pupils are scattered all over Cuba, and all of them love 
his simple and beautiful life. When he left Cuba as 
an exile he vowed that he would never again set foot 
on the soil so long as the island was ruled by the 
Spanish. He has kept his vow. and now in the course 
of a few months will return to his native land, the 
duly elected head of the youngest republic beneath the 

In the United States there is but one spot where 
four men can stand in separate States and Territories 
and shake hands with each other. This spot is upon a 
spur of the Carizo Mountains, and is where Colorado, 
Utah, New Mexico and Arizona join. At no other, 
place on the globe do we find four states, territories, 
or even provinces uniting to form such a junction. 
This spot is not easy of access and few tourists ever 
see it, yet a monument stands at the point, erected by 
United States surveyors and inscribed with the names 
of the States and Territories whose boundaries meet 
there. The point is reached by a trail from the road 
leading from Navajo Springs in Colorado, in the Ute 
Indian Reservation, to the San Juan River. The trail 

[ . 

leaves the road and crosses the river near Scott's trad- 
ing-post in Utah, and leads to the monument, which 
is of the usual type erected by government surveyors 
to mark State corners. Here a criminal from Colo- 
rado could take a position in Utah, within a few feet 
of the Colorado sheriff, and not fear arrest. Should 
the sheriff receive permission from Utah to enter her 
territory to make the arrest, the criminal would have 
to make only a few steps to again find himself free 
from arrest in Arizona or New Mexico. It is the one 
place where a criminal might baffle the officers of the 
law to a considerable extent. In the moral world 
there may be a few points where Christianity, popular- 
ity, wealth and sin join corners. It is wonderful how 
many people love to linger around such corners, and 
how much money they will spend to reach such a 

The court has returned to Peking, and the 
imperial family again occupies the royal palace. Con- 
cerning the outlook in the Celestial Empire Mr. W. W. 
Rockhill, Special United States Commissioner to Chi- 
na, has something of special interest to say. He is of 
the opinion that reform commensurate with the re- 
quirements of modern civilization can never be accom- 
plished by any means short of a revolution, and it 
must be done under direct pressure from abroad. It 
must be introduced slowly and with due consideration 
for the peculiarities and requirements of the people. 
He thinks the missionary methods must be reformed 
and there must be harmonious action between them 
and the government and people. Moderation in all 
movements must be the keynote. Even as regards the 
expansion of trade and development of natural re- 
sources he advises moderation in foreign trade de- 
mands. To throw the whole empire open to foreign 
enterprise and resilience he believes would in a short 
time bring about a perfect state of chaos. As far as 
American trade is concerned it is because of our mod- 
eration that there has been no discrimination against 
us anywhere in the empire, and he does not believe 
there will be if the present policy is continued. With 
the advantages already secured, with the prospect of 
an early revision of commercial treaties, and " with a 
due appreciation of the dangers and difficulties which 
hasty and excessive demands must expose us all to, 
we may expect steady improvement of our relations 
both political and commercial, with China." 

Professor Goodyear, in his recent lecture at the 
Brooklyn Institute Museum, New York, endeavored 
to prove that the tomb of St. Peter at Rome may be re- 
garded as genuine. He stated that in 1594, under the 
pontificate of Pope Clement VIII., excavations were 
being made in the neighborhood of the supposed tomb, 
when the pavement gave way. Thiough an opening a 
sarcophagus could be seen with a large golden cross 
on it. History shows that the Emperor Constantine, 
in the beginning of the fourth century, built a church 
over the tomb and placed thereon a gold cross weigh- 
ing one hundred and fifty pounds. The fact that this 
cross was still in its place in 1594 was regarded as 
proof that the tomb had all this while been undis- 
turbed. This was doubtless the tomb pointed out to 
Constantine as containing the mortal remains of the 
great apostle, but its identity was at that time not es- 
tablished. It is really not positively known that Pe- 
ter was even in Rome. And even if he was there and 
suffered martyrdom in the city, it is not known where 
he was buried. A short distance in front of St. Peter's 
stands a very tall obelisk marking the spot where crim- 
inals were executed. Here Peter and Paul are said to 
have suffered martyrdom. This tradition may be cor- 

rect, but no record was kept of their burial place. Be- 
neath the great altar in St. Peters the traveler is shown 
two caskets, one said to contain the body of Peter and 
the other the body of Paul. While it is interesting to 
look upon such objects, no dependence can be placed 
in the traditions that cluster around them. 

It is reported that the United States Construction 
Company, with headquarters at Cleveland, Ohio, has 
obtained concessions from the Sultan of Turkey for 
the construction of a number of electric railway lines 
in Palestine and Arabia. Enough water power can be 
had in the Jordan valley to generate electricity suffi- 
cient to run a number of electric lines. When the 
plans of the company are carried out tourists may have 
a convenient way of reaching many of the places of 
interest in Palestine. It looks very much as though the 
highways of travel are getting in a condition for the 
people to go up to Jerusalem yearly to worship, as 
foretold by the Scriptures. Scores, with the Bible in 
hand, are visiting the country even now, for the pur- 
pose of comparing the land with the Book. 

The number of railroad disasters which have oc- 
curred during the last few months indicate that there 
is something seriously wrong somewhere. Three of 
these wrecks happened here in Northern Illinois, and 
in each instance the wrecked trains were burned and 
a number of people roasted alive. These accidents 
are becoming so frequent that some people have a 
timidity about traveling. Each disaster seems to have 
been caused by the carelessness of some one, and yet 
it is difficult to locate the blame. There probably 
will never come a time when accidents of this kind 
will entirely cease. Every necessary precaution may 
be taken, all the safety devices known to man may be 
employed, and yet somebody will be off his guard at 
the critical moment, and then it is that the unexpect- 
ed happens and men and women are burled into eter- 
nity. The different railroad men are seriously con- 
sidering the different plans for the protection of life, 
limb and property, but whatever plans may be adopt- 
ed nothing can take the place of watchfulness upon 
the part of those entrusted with the directing and run- 
ning of the trains. This principle is true in every de- 
partment of life, — he who would avoid the mistakes of 
life must ever be on the alert. 

■Nearly all the cities and villages in Palestine are 
very filthy. Even Jerusalem is a filthy place. The 
streets of Jezreel are simply horrible. The people 
never think of cleaning the streets. What filth gets 
into them remains there and is trodden under foot on- 
ly to make room for more. The very appearance of 
the people who reside in the cities indicates that they 
have been raised in filth. It tells on their health as 
well as on their appearance. The filth in which they 
live breeds diseases, and then follows pestilence and 
deatli at a fearful rate. Could the cities be cleaned up, 
and the people be taught how to live as human beings 
should, the death rate would be greatly reduced. All 
this is the result of ignorance. Where schools have 
been introduced the conditions are better. This is no- 
ticeably true of Nazareth. Years ago an English lady 
opened a school at one side of the city. Here girls 
are educated along industrial as well as intellectual 
lines, and the improved condition of the people is quite 
apparent. The women have a fine appearance and are 
more polite than in most other cities. Their homes 
are better kept and their children are more intelligent. 
It is unfortunate that there are not more schools of the 
kind in Palestine. There ought to be one in every 
small place and several in the large cities. 




Jan. 18, 1902 

h» ESSAYS •-+-(— 

"Study to show thyseil approved unto God, a workman that needcth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ol Truth.' : 



Out of the silent twilight 

Hanging from gray, dim heights, 
Against the dark'ning window 

A tiny tinkle smites; 
To present sense it summons, 

Deep reverie to drown; 
No herald need interpret 

There 's something coming down. 

Sometimes it 's big, soft raindrops; 

Sometimes it 's rattling sleet, 
Sometimes a shower of snowflakes 

The window watchers greet; 
But if the blue be endless 

Beyond the green hills' crown, 
We still have floods of sunlight,— 

There's something coming down, 

So penetrate God's plannings 

The soul's low atmosphere; 
It smiles, with step elastic, 

Under a zenith clear; 
Its prayers for joy all answered, 

Wrapped in a Prince's gown, 
Word passes all bystanders, — 

"There 's something coming down! " 

But mists and hail fall also, — 

Abrupt affliction's lash; 
Instead of rest and respite. 

Bereaving tempests dasji; 
But 'tis all one for blessing; 

God's only masked to frown; 
Believe for each one's growing 

There 's something coming down. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

• ♦ ■ 



Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while 
the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou 
shalt say, I have no pleasure in them. — Eccl. 12: 1. 

Solomon took a deep interest in young people. He 
did wisely in so doing ; and the old world, after the 
three millenniums since Solomon's day, does not fail to 
recognize his wisdom ; for the young men of to-day 
are the nation-makers of to-morrow ; the young women 
of to-day are the builders of character and the shapers 
of destiny for all the generations that follow us. Will 
you then, young man, young woman, join me in a brief 
study of this old text? It was written for you. 

This old world has always loved a young heart ; 
it has always rejoiced in a young life. As spring-time, 
with its myriad buds a-bursting; as morning upon the 
mountain tops, with its myriad gems a-flashing; so 
is youth, upon the threshold of life. We all love 
youth ; but at the same time we do not hesitate to ad- 
mit that youth is thoughtless. Dazzled with the fore- 
gleam of glories beyond, youth often forgets the sober 
duties at its feet. Solomon knew this ; hence he says 
to youth, "Remember!" — be thoughtful and consid- 
erate as well as enthusiastic and hopeful. 

Youth, the first accountable period of man's life, 
is due to God, the giver of rational powers. There- 
fore to the young man and young woman he says, 
" Seek first my kingdom." In youth character is 
moulded ; and an impression received, a habit formed, 
remains as a part of the man. Solomon had observed 
this, for he says: "Train up a child in the way he 
should go, and when he is old he will not depart from 
it." And again, my dear young friend, however 
bright may be your prospects of life, as viewed from 
the threshold in the glorious gleam of morning, " evil 
days," dark days, days of trial, are coming to you; 
they will come sooner than old age; and upon your 
strength or weakness in an evil day may depend your 
everlasting success or failure. Think of Daniel at 
Babylon ; think of David before Goliath ; think of Jo- 
seph in Potiphar's house; what if these young men. had 
not remembered God in their youth? What if their 
moral characters had been dwarfed and defective? 
How great would have been their failure! and how 
great would have been the loss to the world ! 

Godliness is good capital. If a young man has set 
before him no higher ideal than material success, piety 
will help him. It hasn't taken the business world six 
thousand years, either, to learn to trust God's chil- 
dren. Then, again, if God be remembered in youth, 
old age will likely be robbed of its terrors. The " evil 
days " to which Solomon doubtless refers — days of 
decrepit age — will be a long time coming to the vir- 
tuous man or woman, other things being equal. I 
mean to say that the men and women that live virtu- 
ously and wisely from youth up live longest. A tem- 
perate youth wards off physical decay. But, best of 
all, early piety, steadfastly persisted in, robs old age, 
when it does come, of all cause for hopelessness and 
vain regrets. In fact, to the lifelong child of God, 
" evil days come not." 

If God be not remembered in youth, he is apt to 
be forgotten in old age. How few people are " born 
of the Spirit " late in life ! Then contrast the aged 
saint with the aged sinner ; the one is as a doomed 
prisoner counting the days till execution ; the other 
has light and joy and comfort in the darkest hour. 
Suppose, dear friend, that when the sun goes down 
to-night you had no hope that it will rise again to- 
morrow. Here lies the great difference between the 
sinner and the saint. The one expects another sun- 
rise ; the other does not. The one looks backward ; 
the other looks forward ; the one, with vain regrets, 
remembers a lost youth ; the other, with quickened 
hopes, anticipates a second youth, when he shall stand 
upon the threshold of a new life with eternity before 

Bridgezvater, Va. 



I could never understand why some people prefer 
the rear seats. Some very good people are seen there. 
This cannot be accounted for on the grounds of mod- 
esty, because they are thus not always placed among 
the most modest people. 

I know a church in which the architect thought to 
get the audience near the pulpit and leave those who 
prefer to be near the door in their favorite location. 
But it seemed to make no difference, for many still 
stalk down the long aisles and occupy seats as far from 
the presence of the minister as possible. 

If an audience of only seventy-five persons in a large 
church were to leave their scattered and severally iso- 
lated positions and gather snugly around the pulpit, 
the minister would no doubt at first experience quite 
a shock of surprise, but would soon recover and preach 
a much more excellent, acceptable and enjoyable ser- 
mon. In other words, instead of receiving all his in- 
spiration from his own preparation and from the Lord, 
he would receive not one whit less from the Lord and 
an additional amount from the attitude of the audience. 

What does a person go to church for? Does he not 
go to receive that which is to be obtained there? 
Doesn't he want more religion, more goodness, more 
fellowship, or more friendliness ? 

Then why should he come so near and yet stay so 
far away from the presence and the procurement of 
these very things ? 

When a man wants to procure a quantity of sugar 
he doesn't go into a store and stand around in the cor- 
ner as far away from the counter where he knows the 
sugar barrel is kept as he can possibly get. He goes 
right up to the counter and makes it evident by his ac- 
tions and countenance that he wants something and 
is sure he wants it and wants it as soon as possible. 

When one goes to a public lecture or political speech 
he goes early so as to get a good seat near the speaker's 
stand. He wants to get all the good out of it possible. 
But the same man will occupy a back seat in church. 

If I go to buy a horse I don't stand off sixty feet 
and depend on the auctioneer to thunder the qualifica- 
lions of the horse at me over empty space. I am right 
at his side. 

And we will all crowd around the pulpit when we 
get truly interested. 
Whisler, Ala. 



When one contemplates the purpose of the Sunday 
school and remembers that its aim is evangelistic, edu- 
cational, philanthropic, parental, missionary, reforma- 
tory, beautifying, uplifting,spiritualizing,and when one 
sees the daily loss of many souls for whom Christ 
died, souls whose spiritual education has been neg- 
lected, whose cry for food and clothing was unheard 
by the full-handed, whose loss of home or mother left 
them uncared for, whose ears never heard the blessed 
name of Jesus, whose lives were vicious because of 
vicious and intemperate surroundings, whose natures 
were never attuned to the harmony of the beautiful, 
whose shame was never forgiven by the uplifting hand 
of charity, aye, whose heartstrings never responded to 
the holy influences of God's saving truth, — all because 
w r e careless, stingy, loveless, narrow, selfish, coarse, 
condemning, yes, fleshly people, who go to Sunday 
school when it suits us and to church service when 
we like the preacher, do not shake off this carnal robe 
of ours and do not make serious efforts to strike harder 
blows for Christ, when this picture condemns the 
Christian worker, then will he believe that there should 
be incentives to Sunday-school work — incentives not 
only to get boys and girls to attend the classes, but 
also incentives to the officers and teachers as well. 

If considered from the point of their operation upon 
us, there are two kinds of incentives, those which drive 
us on from Sunday to Sunday, from growth to growth, 
from strength to strength, and those which lead us on 
from day to day, from work to work, from attainment 
to attainment. Have you felt some irresistible force 
keeping you at your post of duty in the Sunday school 
and forcing you silently but surely into the mold of 
that better self which you would be, yet shrink from? 
That was the driving incentive ; and sometimes God 
puts us who are weak of will into just such positions 
and circumstances as force us to do and be better than 
we otherwise might. The driving incentive is good 
sometimes, especially when it drives against the cur- 
rent of one's carnality. Good is it, ofttimes, for the 
boy whose father compels him to attend religious serv- 
ices ; and good is it, too, for the older people upon 
whom the Father God has laid the responsibility of 
maintaining his cause against opposition that is heavy 
to bear. If, in the face of discouragement, you feel 
driven to your duty in the Sunday school, press onward 
and pray to God, that he will give to you that rich- 
ness of soul and that personal influence for good which 
alone form the truer and inner incentive. Do not de- 
spise that one who seems insincere in a religious work, 
yet attends regularly to that work ; he will come to act 
from a purer motive, a better incentive. If, on the 
other hand, your soul burns within you with a love for 
God's Word, with a zeal to impart it to others, and with 
an. intense passion for the salvation of your pupil for 
classmate, and with an ever more earnest desire for 
the enlargement of the kingdom, then you are urged 
on by that noblest of all incentives, the leading of the 
Holy Spirit. 

The driving incentive is good, but the leading in- 
centive is better. The one works in a half gloom with 
no definite purpose, the other works in the clear radi- 
ance of a Jerusalem ahead, and always with a definite 
end. The one is formal, the other spiritual ; the one 
is mechanical, the other rational; the one is half- 
hearted, the other is whole-hearted. Surely we want 
no other incentive for the teacher or the officers than 
the promised " well done " of the Master when we 
stand before him over yonder. 

From another consideration incentives may be divid- 
ed into two other classes, the natural and the artificial. 
A natural incentive arises out of the nature of Chris- 
tianity itself. We are Christians, if we are true ones, 
not because we must be, not because we fear the pun- 
ishment of hell, but because we recognize forces in the 
Christian religion which will ennoble, enrich, develop, 
strengthen, broaden, deepen, and spiritualize our real 
soul natures. An application of this principle to every- 
day living will result in the attainment of excellence. 
This is the true incentive, the natural incentive, the best 

Jan. 18, 1902 


incentive to Christian living. But Christian living 
means Christian work, for there are no Christians out 
of a job, no drones in God's beehive, no chip whittlers 
in the carpenter shop of Nazareth, no lazy members in 
the church militant, and none in the Sunday school 
militant. So the same incentives apply to Christian 
work and Sunday-school work as to Christian living. 
The same reason that makes one a member of the 
church ought to make one a member of the Sunday- 
school; and the same motive that makes the preacher 
preach ought to make the teacher teach ; the same in- 
centive that spurs us on to perfection in the cause of 
missions ought to spur us on in the cause of Christian 
education. The whole aim is culture, refinement, 
sweetness^ gentleness, meekness, temperance, patience, 
in short, goodness, which is Godness. That teacher, 
that officer, that Sunday-school scholar who has this 
true conception and is actuated by this true incentive 
needs no other : happy were we and happy were all the 
world did this but prevail in our minds and lead us on 
in our lives. And it does seem sometimes that the 
teaching of God's Word ought to be so attractive that 
no one could ftsist an invitation to attend Sunday 
school ; it does seem that the natural incentive inherent 
in the system of salvation ought to draw all people into 
it; it does seem that the church, the Bible, and the Sun- 
day-school ought to be their own argument ; but it is 
not altogether so. Either from lack of fervor on our 
own part or from the hardness of their hearts, or from 
both, we still find many gamins on the streets of Paris, 
manyjwaifs in the city of New York, many heathen in 
foreign lands, many sons and daughters of Dunker 
parents, many young members of the church them- 
selves to whom the simplest lesson of the Sunday school 
would be new, helpful, and perhaps interesting. They 
must be reached. This is the command of the Master. 
Read Matt. 28: 19, 20; it is the best missionary text, 
and at the same time the best Sunday-school text in 
the Bible. Hozv shall they be reached ? is the question. 
Here we must make use of what I shall call the arti- 
ficial incentive. 

Let us now proceed carefully, for it is in this field 
that all our misunderstandings arise. By an artificial 
incentive I mean any method that we may adopt in the 
Sunday school or in any of its classes, in order to in- 
crease the attendance or to make the school more help- 
ful to those already in attendance. 

Two things must always be kept in mind by him 
who would suggest Sunday-school plans, methods, or 
incentives. First, the suggestion must never conflict 
with scriptural teaching. 

Second, the suggestion must be a means to an end. 
There is a possibility of our making illustrations so 
beautiful, stories so attractive, systems so elaborate, 
that they are impressed upon the minds of the pupils 
more than the scripture lessons themselves. So it 
comes about that no real scriptural truth is imparted to 
the learner. 

Two things must always be kept in mind by those 
who hear others suggest Sunday-school methods, 
plans, or incentives. 

First, if you are an earnest Sunday-school worker, 
you will give the suggestion a careful consideration, 
even if you did not think of it at first, or even if you do 
not personally like the individual who makes the sug- 
gestion. The meanest person in the church or Sun- 
day school is he who always quarrels with the ideas of 
others, at the same time offering nothing better him- 
self; and the most pitiable person in the Sunday school 
is he who has the welfare of the school honestly at 
heart, yet cannot open his lips in advocacy of some 
good plan or incentive, for fear that the aforenamed 
mean person may raise objections. 

Second, nothing is wrong because it is new and un- 
tried. If it is plain that your Sunday school needs re- 
animation, reorganization, respiritualization, and re- 
adjustment to modern conditions, and you allow it to 
go on doing miserably poor work simply because you 
are afraid to take hold of some of the good suggestions 
which prayerful Sunday-school workers have wrought 
out, you are hiding the Master's talents away in the 
earth, you are unfaithful servants. 

We have then this fourfold conclusion : Our meth- 


ods must not conflict with the spirit of Scripture; our 
methods must not be more attractive than the truth we 
are teaching ; our methods, if they have been born of 
the Spirit, are worthy of consideration; and lastly, our 
methods are not to be rejected, and the cause is not to 
suffer, simply because something new is proposed. 
Before we proceed to specialize with a few concrete 
examples of Sunday-school methods, let us assure you 
that all artificial methods, or incentives will not apply 
in all places. After all, the best Sunday-school meth- 
ods are those which are invented by the people who are 
to use them : they are then the natural outgrowth of 
conditions peculiar to a particular school. It matters 
not how perfect a system of Sunday-school conduct 
may be, and how well it may have operated for me, you 
must not expect to adapt it to your school without 
some alterations. One may study out a very ingenious 
theory of school government; but he almost always 
makes some changes in the details when he begins to 
set the machinery a-going. And permit us to insist 
upon this point, that no institution, no system, no meth- 
od succeeds unless those who are working have faith 
in their work and honesty of purpose in their endeav- 
ors. So now let us glance at a few methods or incen- 

The Sunday-school council meeting, or the teachers' 
meeting, is absolutely essential to a good Sunday 
school. It will dignify the teachers and officers in the 
minds of the pupils, it will harmonize the differences 
between the teachers, it will' unify their efforts, it will 
broaden their interests, it will strengthen the school. 

It is sheer folly for teachers, especially those who 
have not had the advantages of school training, to dis- 
regard the lesson helps which are so kindly placed at 
their disposal by our Publishing House. To refuse 
these helps, thinking that one thereby does reverence 
to the Bible, is not wise, is not right, is not consistent. 
He who accepts the position of a teacher ought to be 
willing to accept everything that will aid him in his 
position. One is not his own as a teacher. The 
school has delegated a certain work to him, and he is 
the servant of the school. Besides this, his responsi- 
bility for the salvation of souls is great, and he ought 
to appreciate this responsibility by preparing his les- 
sons well. 

The school that opens on time and closes on time has 
learned the most valuable lesson in Sunday-school man- 
agement. Uncertainty about the time breeds discon- 
tent and restlessness ; nothing can be taught to a fidg- 
ety boy. 

Sameness produces sleepiness ; unity accomplishes 
results. Let there be unity in purpose, but variety in 
procedure. The programme for every Sunday should 
contain some new feature, some surprise. A special 
song by a special class, a series of sentence prayers 
from a member of each class, the assistant superin- 
tendent to conduct the opening exercises, announce- 
ment of a song by a designated class, recitation of 
biblical extracts at the close of the lesson before the 
whole school, special biblical references to look up, 
special song services previous to the opening, an oc- 
casional short address by some brother or sister, and 
the like — all these are simply suggestions for the 
variation of the order of exercises. 

Make a special collection for a particular mission. It 
will stimulate interest if the boy knows where his 
penny is going. Show a map of the country, say it is 
India ; and produce pictures of the people, their homes, 
and their surroundings. The Sunday school thus be- 
comes not only a place of learning in theory, but also 
in practice. The church ought to buy every paper, 
quarterly, and book that the Sunday school uses; the 
penny collections from the boys and girls should be 
used in doing mission work and charitable work. 
That's real religion, you know. 

Have a permanent committee whose business it shall 
be to look up children in destitute circumstances. 
Furnish this committee with money, let them buy 
clothes and hats and shoes for the unfortunate. " Go 
out into the highways and hedges and compel them to 
come in." This is practical. The writer knows sev- 
eral places where many have been helped in this way. 
Let the so-called old folks' classes take on new life. 

They need not follow the quarterly ; but let them ar- 
range for the discussion of practical religious topics. 
For instance, let them apply Christ's principles to a 
particular sin which prevails in the community; let 
them discuss the real personal benefit that comes from 
the observance of church ordinances ; let them stop try- 
ing to cover every verse of the lesson in thirty minutes, 
and let them develop some thought to its fullness. 

After all, the most valuable incentive to the Sunday- 
school student is that kind word of encouragement 
which comes to him from one who appreciates the boy 
nature and who is earnestly anxious for the boy's sal- 
vation. Take a personal interest in the students, and 
they will take a personal pride in attending the Sunday 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



The Christum Patriot says the twentieth century, 
with God's help, will witness mighty things achieved 
for Christ in this great country. The signs of the 
times are clear and unmistakable. Let there be no 
slackening of our energies; no room for discourage- 
ment. Let us work in faith; for the tide is turning in 
favor of our blessed religion, which must triumph in 
this land. 

Under an article, " British Influence in India " the 
following is written,! The whole of orthodox Indian 
society is based upon the social and religious institu- 
tion of caste. Now the question is: Is it feasible 
under Britisli influence to keep intact this institution 
of caste? Our own experience will tell us whether, 
with our railways, and our schools and colleges and 
other modern institutions, it is possible for caste to 
thrive as it did of old. With the best intentions the 
British administrator may try to foster this institution, 
but the principle of the survival of the fittest is stronger 
than any conventional forms of encouragement. It is 
therefore folly to say that the Christian missionary 
alone is answerable for this disintegrating influence. 

From the columns of the Bengalee conies this de- 
scription of the Indian missionary: " In India," we 
are told, " a Christian missionary has very little to do, 
like the lily of the field, he toils not nor spins." The 
Indian Social Reformer takes up the quotation by say- 
ing: Surely the writer of these sentences has never 
seen a Christian missionary at his best — in out-of- 
the-way places, far from the bounds of Europeans, 
with little to cheer him but the all-sufficient hope of 
his Master's approval. There are, perhaps, idlers 
among them, too, but they must be a microscopic mi- 
nority. The writer seems to think that what the mis- 
sionary docs in India is to lie in wait for famines which 
give him in souls the harvest which had been denied the 
country in corn. The self-sacrificing way in which 
Christian missionaries labored to bring relief to the 
starving in famine time is happily too well known to 
need iteration. Devoted lives have been laid down 
in the work. Valuable healths have been broken. 
The large contributions that came from America were 
directly stimulated by the missionaries. It is ingrati- 
tude that such an item should appear against a class 
of men and women who have done so much for the 
poor and needy. 

The above item reminds us of a friend at home say- 
ing to us before coming to India that " no one but 
those too lazy to do other work became missionaries." 
Such people should visit the field and see whether or 
not there is any work for those who are sent to repre- 
sent the Christian faith. Christian work in this land, 
and in every other land, has been too well proven to 
make these statements truths. Labor must be proven 
by its outcome. 

" The Working of the Leaven " is the heading of an 
account of two high-caste men who made open con- 
fession of Christianity on Sunday, Nov. 24, in the 
city of Madras. From the article we quote the follow- 
ing: We often hear it said that Christianity has only 
been successful among the poorer and despised 
classes of the Indian community, and that the 



Jan. 1 8, 1902 

so-called higher castes have not come un- 
der its influence in the least. The leaven of Christian- 
ity is certainly working its way among the higher 
castes as well. Slowly, imperceptibly, the influence is 
spreading from point to point. There is no special 
significance to the conversion of a high-caste Hindoo. 
If there is any lesson that Christianity teaches us it is 
that in the sight of God there is no difference of high 
or low caste, and that to him the soul of the latter is as 
precious as the former. - The history of Christianity 
everywhere shows that it is the poor and the ignorant 
and the despised that first enter the kingdom of God. 
It is the despised and downtrodden that Christianity 
uplifts and transforms; but the divine religion of 
Christ has power to affect the cultured and educated as 

The nineteenth century has been the period of sow- 
ing ; it has been the period of patient waiting in prayer 
on God for the awakening of India ; and there are signs 
— clear, unmistakable signs — that the period of reap- 
ing is drawing nigh. In a thousand different ways the 
leaven of Christianity is working in the hearts of all 
classes, and what is needed at this stage is just a few 
bold public confessions of faith on the part of men and 
women with moral courage to face the difficulties of 
social isolation, not to speak of persecution ; and the 
example will, therefore, be highly beneficial in bring- 
ing about this result. 

The Indian Messenger says: The crying need of 
India to-day is careers for her starving millions, new 
channels for labor. It is not a question of mere bread 
and clothing — but also of that higher life, the devel- 
opment of manliness, of independence of character, and 
the spirit of enterprise which is intimately connected 
with it. The eternal and inevitable occupation of the 
menial servant and the clerk has not inconsiderably 
dwarfed the mental and moral stature of our race. 
We have fallen into a rut; and mere intellectual edu- 
cation even of a high standard seems to have failed to 
extricate us out of it. Push and pluck are as much 
unknown to our young men as ever. Industrial educa- 
tion is needed for this country as much to create new 
channels of wealth as to give a healthy tone to the 
character of our rising generation. The Christian 
missionaries were in a sense the pioneers of general 
education ; and they may yet occupy that honorable 
place in the history of industrial education in modern 
India. They of course will combine religious training 
with industrial education, for the propagation is their 
main object. If our countrymen are dissatisfied with 
it, let them start schools for industrial education of 
their own. 

Even Indian papers have taken up the comments of 
our American papers concerning President Roosevelt 
entertaining Mr. Booker T. Washington. One says: 
We quite admit the difficulties with the negro prob- 
lem in America, and it is not for us in India, where 
caste distinctions reign supreme, to preach to our 
brethren in the west, but all the same we must admit 
that the social barriers which exist between the white 
and colored races in some parts of America — especial- 
ly in the Southern States — are anything but creditable 
to the enlightenment, not to speak of the Christianity, 
of the American nation, who pride themselves in the 
democratic doctrine of liberty, equality and fraternity. 
An eight per cent cut on all the Methodist Episcopal 
missions in Southern Asia, with the exception of the 
work in the Straits Settlements, is the somewhat dis- 
couraging news to that body of people lately. As yet 
the missionaries have not learned why such steps have 
been taken by their mission board. Does this mean 
going backward? The cry for advancing the evan- 
gelization of the world is " Forward " ! May we each 
be a helper in carrying forward the work our Lord has 
committed to his servants. 
Bulsar, India. 



The end of life comes to every one. Birth and death 
are two important times in our history. How we 

should die depends very much upon ourselves, and as 
we can die but once, it is absolutely necessary to die 
that once well. To die as we should die requires a life 
of self-sacrifice; a heart washed in the blood of the 
Lamb. 1 John 1 :y says the " blood of Jesus Christ 
cleanseth us from all sin." And the Revelator says 
(Rev. 7: 14), "And have washed their robes, and 
made them white in the blood of the Lamb." 

A spirit of forgiveness to those who have wronged 
us, and a faith that takes hold of all the promises and 
ordinances of God that pertain to helping us in the 
hour of death are of the utmost importance. As far as 
our bodies are concerned, this life ends when they are 
placed beneath the clods of the valley. They will sleep 
there till the resurrection morn. But it is not so with 
what we have said or done. Bad men and good men 
live on in this world after they have died, by the in- 
fluences which they leave behind them. Our actions 
speak after our lips have ceased to move. 

To a great extent like produces like. During his 
short existence here a man reproduces himself in many 
ways, whether he is good or bad. He has said those 
words and done those deeds that have made his coun- 
terpart. When death kills a man, all that has hap- 
pened is the death of the body. The memory of oth- 
ers keeps the man alive. His deeds, if good, will be 
kept sacred on earth and carefully recorded in the book 
of remembrance in heaven. What is true of good men 
is also true of bad men. The difference is that 
while the memory of the good man is precious, the 
memory of the bad man is unsavory. If we want to 
die well, we must live a life of holiness in the world 
we now live in, then we can die happy. What is good 
while in health is good in the hour of death. 

What God likes to hear from a dying saint is what 
he liked to hear when the saint was in perfect health. 
There is something awful, but yet grand, about death. 
Autumn is the death of nature, yet how grand nature 
looks as it is about to pass from our view. The trees 
put on their most beautiful attire just as they are about 
to wither and die. All a man can do when he dies is 
to leave behind him a sweet fragrance. If he has lived 
as he should not have lived, it would have been better 
for him if he never had been born. 

How shall we end our lives ? is a question that should 
be seriously considered by each, seeing that it will be 
too late to make any choice when the hour of death 
comes. Eccl. 9: 10 says: " Whatsoever thy hand find- 
eth to do, do it with thy might ; for there is no work, 
nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave 
whither thou goest." 

Death is repulsive to most people. People do not 
invite it to their homes; but rather desire that it keep 
away from their cosy homes as long as possible. Time 
and circumstances get us ready to be the victims of 
death. The end of the Christian's life is the end of 
the battle. It is his opportunity to take a long rest. 
It is the hour of triumph to him, and the hour of dis- 
may to those who have rejected God and Christ and 
the Holy Spirit. How fortunate for us if our names 
are recorded in the Lamb's book of life. The end of 
this life is death ; but if in death we are alive in Christ, 
wc shall only have begun the real life. 

Glade, Pa. 



Gen. i : 26 tells us that man was made in the image 
and likeness of God, and doubtless the similarity was 
specially applied to man's higher or moral being, rath- 
er than to his physical organism. But where do we 
stand to-day ? Are we moving on a plane that would 
impress the looker-on with the idea that we had been 
with Jesus, and had learned of him? If we are not 
living out the grand principles as taught by Christ and 
the apostles, then we are not filling our mission in the 

Jesus said, "As long as I am in the world, I am the 
light of the world." John 9: 5. But when he left 
the world, then some other medium must be employed. 
And he said to his disciples, " Ye are the light of the 

world." Matt. 5: 14. He said of himself, "I must 
work the works of him that sent me, while it is day : 
the night cometh, when no man can work." John 9: 
4. He had something to do, and so has he given us 
a work to do. He said to his disciples, " Let your light 
so shine before men, that they may see your good 
works." Matt. 5 : 16. So Jesus bore the image of 
the Father; for he says, " My Father worketh hither- 
to, and I work." John 5: 17. And as Jesus worked, 
so must we. Then our work and character must re- 
semble that of Jesus before we can be a true light to 
the world. 

While Jesus was on earth they brought to him the 
tribute money. "And he asked them, Whose is this 
image and superscription? And they said unto him, 
Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore 
unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God 
the things that are God's." Matt. 22: 20, 21. Now, 
brethren and sisters, whose image do we bear to-day? 



We arrived at York, Pa., Nov. 2. The work in this 
city was started sixteen years ago with three members. 
In about five years they built a house, which in a few 
years was supplanted by their present house, eighty by 
fifty feet. They occupy their commodious house well 
with their 270 members. Bro. Joseph Long is in 
charge with a good set of officials, who seem much 
united in care of the flock over which they are over- 
seers. They being in accord with the rules and usages 
of the church, as a result they have a large body of 
plain members and an interesting Sunday school with 
a large per cent of active young members. In their 
growth they have not been confined to their own fam- 
ilies, but have reached other churches, especially the 
Reformed and Lutheran churches. A number of 
these with whom I conversed, as to their faith in the 
rules and usages of the church, I found to be seeming 
pillars in the church. Of course these had been taught 
by those who fully believed in the doctrine they were 
teaching. It is firm believers alone that mould senti- 
ment. Sunday evening, Nov. 24, we arrived at 


On my visit to this church ten years ago I found a 
small band of twenty-five members, occupying a small, 
old frame house, and without a single church officer in 
the city. On my present visit I found them occupy- 
ing a two-story house eighty by fifty feet, with a mem- 
bership of 170, a full set of officers, with Bro. Imler 
at the helm. The encouraging growth in these cities, 
in my judgment, is due largely to their watchful, strict, 
yet kind government and discipline ; with the kind of 
teaching they allow in their congregations. They both 
seek to discipline their members with quietude. In 
my presence two members were kindly spoken to, and 
they at once volunteered confessions to the church, pre- 
paratory to their feast. All was settled there and then. 
I accompanied an elder on a visit; the offense was a 
gross one. The result was a volunteer confession. 
The parties were convicted and disciplined and re- 
stored in a few days. Nothing prevailed but kind 
words and utmost sympathy. What a binding and 
cementing power such efforts do have! Bro. ImleF 
has a degree of system in his church work that is wor- 
thy of commendation. I am pleased to note that I 
found a very similar state of things in the city of Ster- 
ling, 111., on my visit there last May, the church being 
in the care of Bro. Keltner. The same I found on my 
visit to Washington, D. C, with Bro. Hollinger in 
charge. These are men of conviction and are in full 
accord with the faith and practices of the church. 
The result is they make their influence felt, and mould 

As to our work in cities, I have some crystalized 
convictions, some of which are as follows : 

1, There are cities in which Brethren's churches can 
be built, and there are other cities in which they cannot 
be built. When we find we cannot build a congrega- 
tion in a locality in the country, we leave. That is 

Jan. 18, 1902 


what Christ told his disciples to do; hence it is right. 
Let us adopt the same course in our work in cities. 

2. It needs careful, watchful men of discipline, to 
build up a congregation in the country ; but it needs 
men of more care and watchfulness, and of stronger 
convictions, to make the Lord's cause a success in 

We made a short visit at the central house of the 
Chiqucs congregation. They have a membership of 
seven hundred, with our esteemed Bro. Samuel Zug 
as elder. There are a number of very large congrega- 
tions in several of those eastern counties, with a large 
per cent German. On some lines of their work they 
have had to endure some criticism. It may be on some 
lines of their work they are in the rear, and hence need 
criticism; but onjome lines I found them in the ad- 
vance. (1) I found them with large churchhouses 
and good congregations. (2) I found a large per 
cent of their children in the church. (3) I found an 
unusual number of altars of prayer in their families. 
They not only ask God's blessing before they eat, but 
likewise return thanks after they have eaten. The sis- 
ters and their young members take part in these 
prayers. (4) All kneel in the public congregation. 
At the close of our morning service on Christmas a 
large funeral entered the house. It was a most inter- 
esting scene to see that vast assembly of fully twelve 
hundred all kneel in prayer, mourners included. 

We also called at the Brethren's school at Elizabeth- 
town. Bro. Falkenstein is in charge of the institution. 
They were enrolling for the new year, and they seem 
to feel much encouraged in their work. Many of the 
parents in those churches had been sending their chil- 
dren elsewhere to school, and in many instances they 
would return unreconciled to the rules and usages of 
the church, and in many instances, if members, with- 
out their letter of membership, and their usefulness 
to the church would in a great measure be lost. Their 
desires thus to save their young and give them an op- 
portunity to get an education under their own 
fostering care culminated in the Brethren's school at 
Covington, Ohio. 




The publisher of glad tidings has engraven God's 
messages upon ever-living characters, and these char- 
acters should be all the people. Still, many of the peo- 
ple look upon the church as foreign and unnecessary 
for their common weal. Yet at times an inert reli- 
gious instinct brings men to inquire of its advantages 
and disadvantages. And no time is more favorable 
than this, whether in the springtime of youth or the 
autumn of fuller life, to do great and divine service. 
It is a duty, then, to include the whole world within 
its scope, and, while the doors of all nations are opening 
wide to commerce and higher civilization, to bring 
them near the joyful knowledge of God, not limited by 
the throne of time, but reaching over into a boundless 

Unless the Christian church has an index of cul- 
ture and blessing to show to the public eye, it cannot 
hope to fill its divine mission of normal development 
beyond the state, and rest its message of peace in the 
heart of all pious. In the gray dawn of the new 
century the church enters a new era of grand opportu- 
nity to reconstruct and even broaden the views of mod- 
ern society. Jealousies are dominant ; and the multi- 
tude fears it shall render too great service in proportion 
to its wages. Employers are held, in their grab for 
greed, as enemies to the employed, and the employed in 
tr ying to make others of greater service to themselves, 
instead of making themselves most serviceable to oth- 
ers, are branded as one of the greatest enemies in the 
Paramount issue of the social problem. To settle 
strikes and labor troubles there can be no better pan- 
acea than for the church everywhere earnestly to offer 
'he prescription of her Master, who came " not to be 
ministered unto, but to minister." 

The true patriot comes with religious expression 
ev en. and measures his success by the degree in which 

he becomes valuable to others. How a youth ascends 
the ladder of promotion when he makes himself indis- 
pensable and is confidingly trusted! Opportunity 
may be taken on the wing. The profound element of 
God's presence in his church ought to hearten the list- 
less and give steady aim to the courageous, whose mark 
is " the prize of the high calling." Who can doubt 
that if the church of to-day will furnish a worthy his- 
tory, leaving a heritage of a pleasant pilgrimage of 
earth, it will be crowned with the highest success, and 
hereafter its work will be resumed and perpetuated in 
the matchless beyond and throughout the shining 
courts of heaven? Shall this be questioned? 
Westminster, Md. 



Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, but before 
honor is humility.— Prov. 18: 12. 

The fore part of our text is illustrated in the case 
of Pharaoh, when Moses and Aaron went to him 
with a message from the Lord, bidding him let Israel 
go that they might serve him in the wilderness. In 
the pride of his heart he sneeringly said, " Who is the 
Lord that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I 
know not the Lord, neither will I let Israel go." Ex. 
5 : 2. And when these servants of God again im- 
portuned him to release these people for a while, that 
they might sacrifice unto the Lord, he only replied by 
increasing their tasks. 

The manifestations of God's power in the plagues 
that were wrought before him only made him more 
stubborn. " Harden " is used seventeen times in this 
narrative. See Ex. 7:3, 13, 14, 22; Ex. 8: 15, 19, 32; 
Ex. 9:7, 12, 34, 35; Ex. 10: 1, 20, 27; Ex. 11: 10; Ex. 
14: 4, 8. Nine times it is said that God hardens his 
heart: Ex. 7: 3, 13; Ex. 9: 12; Ex. 10: I, 20, 27; Ex. 
11: 10; Ex. 14: 4, 8. Three times we are told that 
he hardened it himself : Ex. 8 : 1 5, 32 ; Ex. 9 : 34. And 
five times simply that his heart was hardened: Ex. 7: 
14, 22: Ex.8: 19; Ex.9: 34, 35. 

It is said that three words used in the original are 
all translated harden. They may mean to make hard, 
to make strong (used either in a good or bad sense, 
as to be strong against good influences, as in the case 
of Pharaoh), or it may mean- to be strong against bad 
influences, as when Joshua was exhorted by Moses to 
be strong and of good courage against all the bad in- 
fluence that might be brought to bear against him. 
Deut. 31 : 7. 23. And Paul says to the Corinthians, 
" Quit you like men, be strong." And he begs the 
Ephesians that they be strong in the Lord and in the 
power of his might. 

Against what influences we shall be made strong 
depends upon ourselves. Both good and bad will be 
brought to bear upon us, and must be for our devel- 
opment. We have it in our power to choose the good 
and resist the evil, or to choose evil and resist the 
good. Or the word may be rendered " to make 
heavy," or dull, insensible to good impressions. 

It was not till after the sixth plague, the 
plague of boils, that it is said that the Lord 
hardened Pharaoh's heart. After the seventh plague 
of hail it is said of Pharaoh, " He sinned yet more, and 
hardened his heart, he and his servants." And the 
heart of Pharaoh was hardened. Ex. 9 : 34, 35. Here 
we are told he hardened his heart, and again that his 
heart was hardened. Not till after the eighth and 
ninth plagues is the hardening process exclusively 
applied to God. See-Ex. 10: 20, 27. 

Pharaoh hardened himself against sound judgment, 
against the evidence of his senses. He resisted even 
the testimony of his own magicians. Ex. 8: 19. The 
resistless power of God could not have been more 
plainly exhibited than it was before this monarch, yet 
such was his perversity that he stubbornly refused the 
plainest and most convincing testimony. 

Finally this callousness, this hardness of heart, was 
followed by infatuation ; he was given up to his own 
folly. In him was fulfilled the threatening of the 
wise man. " He that being often reproved hardeneth 

his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without 
remedy." Prov. 29; ,. Every act of resistance and 
disobedience always hardenes the heart. How dread- 
ful it is to fight against God! Paul did that for a 
while, but he was open to conviction ; hence he became a 
great champion for truth. How wonderfully God 
used him in the furtherance of his cause. Perhaps 
no one ever carried the Gospel to more peoples than 
this great apostle. How earnest, how indefatigable 
were his labors. Said he to the Corinthian brethren, 
" I determined not to know anything among you, save 
Jesus Christ and him crucified." 

Moses was at first loath to undertake the arduous 
task that was required at his hands, but he yielded to 
reason and argument, and God gave him a work to 
do. the like of which has no parallel in the annals of 
time. And he was honored as no other mortal was 
ever honored. Of him it is said, " And the Lord spake 
unto Moses face to face as a man speaketh unto his 
friend." Ex. 33: 11. p au | speaks of him as being 
faithful in all his house as a servant. 

The miracles and wonders that were wrought in 
Egypt were wrought with the express design of in- 
ducing Pharaoh to give his consent for the departure 
of the Israelites. Had he yielded to reason and ac- 
knowledged the supremacy of the God of the Hebrews, 
and so humbled his pride that he would have obeyed 
his voice, then God would have used him in the ad- 
vancement of his purpose regarding Israel, and he 
would now stand before the world as a coworker with 

God will always accomplish his designs, whether 
man approves or opposes, the opposer only being the 
loser. Each one has it in his power to work with God 
or against him. But our decision will decide our fate 
for eternity. Life or death may be ours. Which 
will we have ? 

Moses had the privilege of choice, and he chose 
wisely, " choosing rather to suffer affliction with the 
people of God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a 
season ; esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches 
than the treasures of Egypt ; for he had respect unto 
the recompense of the reward." Heb. II : 25, 26. 

Thus we see in the examples above given how com- 
pletely our text is verified. 

Pharaoh in his haughtiness brings upon himself dis- 
grace and ruin. He was indeed the embodiment of 
stubbornness and pride. Moses and Paul in humility 
and meekness submitted themselves into the hands of 
God and their names have become synonyms of all 
that is great and good. The Lord hath said, " Them 
that honor me I will honor, and they that despise me 
shall be lightly esteemed." 

Hudson, III. 


If people would only devote themselves, says the 
Christian Advocate, to seeing that which is best in lilfe, 
how much richer and stronger lilving would be. If 
we were to devote half as much time to looking for 
that which is good as we do in looking for that which 
is bad, a change would come over the spirit of our 
dream. And not only would we enjoy so much our- 
selves, but there would be the larger reward in every 
way. There arc many who see just what the ten 
spies saw — giants, hideous, hateful things; things 
that make life hard and rob it of its beauty. Only 
a few have the good sense of Caleb and Joshua, who, 
though they did not shut their eyes to the giants, 
took care to see the luscious grapes of Eshcol. In 
the reading of a newspaper or a book, or listening 
to a sermon, or walking along the streets, or dis- 
cussing the varied qualities of our friends, how would 
it do to give the grape the place of honor and relegate 
the giant to the background? The trouble with life 
generally is that there is too much giant, and not 
enough grape. It is well to remember that the ten 
who came back with their piteous story did not live 
to enter the land of promise, while the two who re- 
turned with the grapes went in at the head of the 




Jan. 18, 1902 



Number Fourteen. 

We arrived in Tiberias, on the southwest shore of 
Lake Galilee, at noon on Saturday, Oct. 19, and re- 
mained until Tuesday noon, having spent three days 
on its sacred shores. 

Saturday after dinner we strolled out of the dirty, 
foul town,' down along the shore of the lake, sat down 
on some stones we piled up for a seat, and spent until 
sunset with our Bible and our thoughts. In the gospel 
stories we mapped out the different periods and places 
of the life and work of Christ. Sunday morning 
found us again by the seaside and we read from 
Matthew's Gospel chapters 4: 11 to the end of 18, 
nearly all the events recorded here having taken place 
in Galilee, and very many of them around this lake, 
in sight of where we were sitting. 

It is these teachings and labors of love performed 
here by our precious Savior that have made this lake 
perhaps the most precious spot on earth to the Chris- 
tian's heart. 

Monday morning at the earliest dawn found us 
making our way from our hotel down to the beach 
where were five boatmen dressed in Arab style ready 
to take us out for a day's row and sail over and around 
the lake. And now if you will get your map of Pales- 
tine in the time of Christ and turn the top of the map 
to the north, I'll try to take you over our journey for 
that day. 

On the western side of the lake, a little south of the 
middle, vou will find Tiberias marked, a famous old 
Jewish town, but we have no knowledge that Jesus 
ever was there. To-day it is the only real town on the 
lake shore (excepting Magdala farther north, a miser- 
able heap of mud huts), and so Tiberias is the only 
place of shelter and safety for the traveler. 

From this town, then, an hour before sunrise, our 
boatmen rowed us across the lake to a place on the 
eastern shore a little farther north, marked on the maps 
as Gergesa. The sea is nine miles wide where it is 
broadest, and thirteen miles long ; but one can scarcely 
believe that it is half so far ; for one can see almost the 
whole of the lake from any point on the shore. Still, 
it took us two hours and over to gain the other side, 
and when we were now in the midst of the lake it 
seemed almost as far as when we started from the 
western beach. 

So we had plenty of time for meditation. Of course 
we thought of the boats that crossed and recrossed 
these waters in the long ago, and of the fishermen who 
from it won their living, and on its shores were sum- 
moned to the highest calling of man. We thought, 
too, of one who loved to linger here, going about do- 
ing good, and teaching men the better way of life ; 
of how he stilled its tempests, walked on its water, re- 
tired from the throngs into a mountain apart to pray. 
That day, too, I was " sick of a fever," and so tired and 
weary I lay down " in the stern of the boat " and soon 
" fell asleep on a cushion." Then I thought of another 
side of the life of my Savior and my Master. 

At Gergesa it is probable that the lunatic out of the 
tombs met the Savior and was sent home clothed and 
in his right mind, the legion of demons entering into 
the herd of swine which rushed down a steep place and 
were choked in the sea. In Mark 5 : 1 and Luke 8 : 26 
this is said to have taken place "in the country of the 
Gadarenes," while Matthew says Gergesenes. Now 
Gadara is considerably farther south and east, and 
not on the lake shore. But these differences are per- 
haps best explained by supposing that the town of 
Gadara gave its name to a considerable district which 
extended up to the sea, including the town of Gergesa, 
and so it would be at Gergesa, the town, and " in the 
country of the Gadarenes." 

From this point we followed the eastern shore of 
the lake to the north, walking a part of the way. The 
next place of special interest was the probable scene 
of the feeding of the five thousand, on the large, level, 
grassy plain extending for several miles along the 
northeastern shore of the lake (see John 5: 1-21). 

There is another extensive plain on the lake cor- 
responding to this one; it is on the nortluwi( side, 
about where Bethsaida is marked in some maps, ex- 
tending down almost to Magdala. 

In fact all round the lake there is a strip of level 
laud, quite narrow at some points, and at others ex- 
tending between the mountains for a mile or so ; but 
these two plains at the northeast and northwest are 
several miles long and also several miles deep. 

The plain of Gennesaret is mentioned in the Gospels, 
and I share the opinion of a number of students of the 
subject to-day, that the city of Capernaum itself was 
located in its midst and not at " Tel Hum " where the 
old maps locate it. I will give three reasons for this : 
( 1 ) It seems to fit the gospel narrative better to place 
Capernaum on the west rather than on the north shore. 
(2) The ruins on the plain of Gennesaret are more ex- 
tensive, and Capernaum seems to have been too large a 
city for the ruins at the old site. (3) The old Roman 
road touched the lake, not at " Tel Hum," the old site, 
but at the place on the plain of Gennesaret, and the 
tax-house where Matthew was in business at Caper- 
naum would most likely have been at that great thor- 
oughfare to foreign parts. 

Leaving these places we sailed along the western 
shore past Magdala for Tiberias. Suddenly, as our 
" men were tailing in rowing " under the hot sun, they 
ceased, hoisted a sail, and our boat leaning over, fairly 
flew onwards, under the brisk wind and at three o'clock 
we were at our landing place. 


THE LAflE flAN HEALED.- Acts 3: ■-■»• 



And he gave some apostles; and some, prophets; and some, 
evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfect- 
ing of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying 
of the body of Christ.— Eph. 4: 11, 12. 

There is considerable of a tendency among ministers 
to think that the best way to magnify their office is to 
become a great preacher. The height of proficiency in 
their calling is to sway multitudes and cause men and 
women to cry out, " What shall I do to be saved? " 

While it is true that the world will never have too 
many sincere preachers of such ability, it is also true 
that God doesn't want everyone to be of that kind. The 
church would be in a woeful state if her ministers were 
all of that class. But for the good of the individual 
members and the body as a whole God has purposely 
arranged it otherwise. There are various offices to be 
filled by the ministry, and they are all important, and 
different ones are blessed with special gifts for them. 
Happy is the man who recognizes the office he is de- 
signed to fill, and is content to work therein. 

In olden times the church had apostles and prophets, 
as Paul says, and we still have evangelists, pastors and 
teachers. The evangelists go from place to place, 
where the Gospel is unknown and where it is known, 
and proclaim the Word for the warning of sinners and 
comforting of saints. The pastors are the shepherds 
who reside with their flocks, to feed, protect, comfort, 
and direct them in the Master's cause. The teachers 
are exponents of the Word in its various phases, and 
are skillful in explaining intricate difficulties that 
would unsettle the faith of some. 

These are all important offices in the church, and are 
actually necessary for her growth, and God has blessed 
different persons with special gifts to fill them. Sel- 
dom, very seldom indeed, has he blessed the same per- 
sons with gifts for all of them. The best evangelist 
may be a very ordinary or even inferior pastor or elder, 
and the best pastor a poor evangelist ; while a teacher 
who knows more of the real meaning of the Gospel 
than either, may be unable to draw an audience or feed 
the flock. . These are facts that all ministers ought to 
recognize. And were they recognized fewer ministers 
who are successful in certain lines would meddle in 
lines where they are less qualified, and some who are 
disheartened because of a feeling of incompetency 
would take courage, because they are admirably fitted 
for certain offices in the church which are equally im- 

Warrensburg, Mo. 

Lesson for Jan. 3b, 1003. 

Golden Text.— The Lord is my strength and song, and he 
is become my salvation.— Ex. 15; 2. 

The lesson of the week opens with the de- 
scription of two men going up to the temple at 
an early hour to pray. This was a Jewish practice of 
long standing, perhaps from the time of the erection of 
the temple, and it became a very precious one to the 
people, making the place where God promised to meet 
his people a very sacred one. They had a feeling that 
there was no other place where they could get so near 
to the Lord as in his holy temple. And though 
the people knew that, with the ushering in of his king- 
dom, the place of worship was not so important as the 
spirit in which it was done, yet they by no means in- 
tended to detract from the sacredness of the houses 
erected for God's worship. And so Jesus' disciples 
understood. And because of this Peter and John at 
this time resorted to the temple for their morning wor- 

The trend of our thoughts and devotions is governed 
largely by our environments and associations. 
Though it is true that we may at any time and place 
turn our hearts and spirits to the Lord and worship, 
yet we all know that time and place have much to do 
with the fullness of our devotions. We have all been 
at places where it was very difficult for us to get devo- 
tional feelings and to worship acceptably. But when 
we go to our places of worship we find associations 
there greatly aid us in our worship. The home altar 
becomes sacred by use ; and so with the closet or place 
of secret prayer. And especially so the church or 
temple dedicated to worship. And the practice of go- 
ing to these places for worship should be encouraged. 
While traveling through Bible lands, in the cities 
we always found their houses of worship open and 
frequented all the day long by men and women going 
into and out from prayer. And indeed this going to 
their temples to pray was seemingly the only remnant 
of their religion that was not lost. It was a pleasure 
for us to go there ourself, because there we found 
what seemed to be true devotion. Earnest, zealous, 
bleeding hearts went there to pray. So did these 
disciples. And as they went their thoughts were fixed 
on worship. This gave them the spirit for work, so 
that when the opportunity came they were prepared. 
If they had been going somewhere else they would 
have missed the lame man, and a grand opportunity 
for doing good. 

The first lesson we gather from the circumstance 
is that we should always place ourselves in prospective 
fields where work and success may be reasonably ex- 
pected. These men were going in the right direction 
and on the right way. And so are we when we go to 
the Sunday school, the prayer meeting and to church 
service. On the way they found the lame man that 
needed their help. And so will we find golden oppor- 
tunities when in the line of duty. We may not have 
silver or gold, but we can have what they had, and 
give as they gave. 

And wdiile we have these lessons for the workers, we 
have equally important ones for the would-be receivers. 
This man was one of the unfortunate ones. He was 
lame and a beggar. He wanted alms. And he went 
to the place where alms were reasonably to be expected. 
He placed himself in the way of God's people because 
they had hearts that could be touched with the infirmi- 
ties of others. As Peter called to him he gave heed, 
he obeyed, he looked, and he received, — not what he 
expected, but a thousand times more. He was healed. 
The cause that made him a beggar was removed, and 
he received a soundness, a power that was a thousand 
times more valuable than all the silver and gold that he 
could have received by the way. As a result he, too, 
went to the temple, leaping and praising God. 

All sinners are as bad off, worse, as was this man, — 
lame, halt, blind, miserable, without Christ, and need 
alms. Do you feel this need ? If so, place yourself in 
the way where blessings have been placed, where Je- 
sus passeth by, he will be found of you. H. B. B. 

Jan. 18, 1902 






0, God of nations, thou hast set 

Thy Son on'Zion's holy hill; 
Send forth thy light, thy truth and law, 

And with thy love the nations fill. 

Ride forth, thou conquering King of kings, 
Let nations bow before thy throne; 

Let Zion rest beneath thy wings, 
Rule thou in earth and rule alone. 

Let all the people bend the knee 

And ask the inheritance divine; 
Let sdl the earth thy glory see 

And all her kingdoms, Lord, be thine. 

Then shall the gathering kingdoms see 

The glories of our risen Lord; 
The hosts on earth with heaven agree. 

His glorious triumphs to record. 

— JV. W. C. Advocate. 



Education is more than mere book knowledge, and 
is, therefore, not confined to the schoolroom. It be- 
gins within the doors of every household and is of a 
far more important and extensive character than any- 
thing for which a child can be sent to schools of any 
description whatever. 

It is, however, to be deeply regretted that the home 
education, which money cannot buy, is so much 
neglected, and especially so since it is within the reach 
of each parent, whether rich or poor. 

We believe that a child does not receive an educa- 
tion in the broadest sense of the word, unless it is 
brought up " in the nurture and admonition of the 
Lord." Education in this sense* includes the whole 
process by which a person is formed to be what he is, 
in principles and habits. The greater part of every- 
one's childhood is spent under the direct influence of 
home, and the impressions made and the principles 
implanted in childhood are lasting, and will, more or 
less, cling to the individual through life. By this we 
learn the necessity of correct early training in the 
home. Whatever proportion of training may be in 
the power of the parents, a smaller proportion is with- 
in the power of outside influence. We also notice that 
the home education is special, and since it is special, 
and cannot be obtained anywhere else, not even 
bought with gold or silver, the opportunity for 
home training should all the more be taken ad- 
vantage of, and under no circumstances should the 
responsibility be transferred or left to others. 

The obligations which parents owe to their child, 
and which arc demanded of God and nature, cannot 
be disregarded without bringing upon them the pen- 
alty of neglect. To this there may be exceptions, but 
they are few, and it will not pay to neglect opportuni- 
ties and responsibilities in the hope that in our case 
there may be an exception. 

Many are the requirements for proper home train- 
ing, and it would require a great deal of time to set 
forth in detail the various lessons to be taught. But, 
however many there be, they can easily be met by the 
vigilant parent as they come in their order ; there being 
at no one time so very many. There is one, however, 
an important one, if not the prime factor, and that is 
by being a proper example. Let the parents do noth- 
ing which they would not approve of if done by their 
child. The parents' example will educate the child. 
Their conversation ; their business dealings ; the so- 
ciety they keep, and whatever be their rank or situa- 
tion in life, their house, their table, and their daily 
behavior — all these go to educate their child, and will 
reflect themselves in their child just as plainly as the 
mirror reflects their physical person. 

Parents should never forget that the first book the 
child reads, and which it continues to read, and by far 
the most influential, is that of its parents' example and 
daily deportment. If they lose sight of this fact, they 
need not be surprised to find, to their sorrow, that the 

child, like themselves, may know the right way, but 
follow the wrong. 

Parents, therefore, save when separated altogether 
from their family, may be seen daily in the act of 
educating their child; for, from father and mother and 
the circumstances in which they move, the child is 
daily advancing in the knowledge of what is good or 
evil. The child is always learning, and if the parents 
lose sight of this fact, they have not fully learned the 
lesson " that whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he 
also reap." This is as true in child training as in 
anything else. 

Sacramento, Cal. 



Pictures are so abundant all around us that we can- 
not help but see them, unless we are blind. There are 
social pictures, moral and immoral; pictures in the in- 
tellectual world, political world and religious world. 
Let us look at only two, — the shepherd and his flock. 

Who will tire looking at an earnest, unassuming, 
loving shepherd going before his flock, leading them 
into some beautiful green pasture with clear spring 
water? Then he sits down on a rock or under a shady 
tree and watches over them with a cheerful disposition. 
He notices closely those that have a tendency to lag be- 
hind and stray away, or stand and look at the green 
pastures, taking a mouthful only occasionally. He says 
an evil disease is preying upon such ones. I must dis- 
cover the cause and apply a remedy, or I will lose 
them. We say that is a good shepherd. He loves his 
business and looks after his flock nobly. 

But let us look at another picture. If you have been 
out among the little congregations of God's sheep, and 
your heart has not been made almost to bleed, to see 
the starved and wretched condition of the flock, it is 
because your heart is dead to the Spirit also. Eph. 
5:14. Instead of the shepherd going before his flock 
and leading them into beautiful fellowship and expe- 
riences in doing exploits for the Lord, he sits at home 
watching to throw a club at one that has not come to 
his ideal externally. You ask him. " Have you ever 
preached a sermon on the Holy Spirit, his mission and 
work in our lives? His work and way of furnishing 
us. and how he wants us to be used for him?" The 
astonishing answer is, "No; I have no work on the 
Holy Spirit; neither have I read any" And such per- 
sons are presiding, rather lording it. over God's herit- 
age, preventing his children from bearing the fruit of 
the Spirit. A large per cent of the homes of his 
flock he has never been in to leave a blessing there. 
He never says, " Come, brethren and sisters, some of 
you go over to Sister Jones' with me. This week she 
has heavy burdens to bear and great difficulties to 
overcome. We will plead with the Lord trustingly and 
he will lake the burden away." 

The picture of the shepherd and the Lord's sheep in 
their present condition in so many places is so dark 
and repulsive that it makes the heart sick and the eyes 
dim to look at it. 

But you say the picture is overdrawn. No, the half 
is* not told. It will take the supernatural to paint it. 
If you knew that you were sent by the Spirit of God 
to a flock of his sheep and lambs, nearly all of them 
having had acquaintance and fellowship with 
you before, and if after you had done your best to give 
them a sweet morsel of the Bread of Life, and their 
opportunity had come for greetings, not one lamb or 
sheep would lovingly come and welcome you with 
greetings, what would be some of your conclusions? 
Would not your heart say. They are awfully lazy, or 
weak, or scared, or lame, or bruised, or dead? Have 
you ever seen such a picture? 

Beatrice, Nebr. 



What shall we do with the old folks? Why, love 
them for the good they have done; make the downhill 

path to the grave full of sunshine, full of life! and, 
more than this, don't let them grow cold ; smooth away 
the wrinkles. There is no object, I feel, that needs 
our attention as this. One growing fault of the rising 
generations, both in city and country, is the disrespect 
for the old age with its time-honored locks. 

Oh, boys and girls, treading life's pathway with all 
the ambition of youth, show the honor that's due them. 
These old folks are the men and women who have- 
helped to place you where you are; often, too, have 
they deprived themselves of even the very necessaries 
of life to give you a chance. Give them the seat of 
honor in your homes, and all the love you can give. 
Possibly they do not speak grammatically, but better 
men and women than you have done the same. Their 
sturdy arms have made your.paths smooth, so that you 
may not err. They, perhaps, have received their edu- 
cation in the little log schoolhouse. You are getting 
yours in better places; but, first, remember the old 
lines, " Fine feathers and fine birds." 

What if they are old, deaf and lame? Bring to 
them the latest news ; tell them of the weddings and the 
gay times you are having; bring them the biggest red 
apple or the brightest flowers, and make them feel they 
are the dearest people on earth to you. Ask grandpa 
to tell you of the good old times he had — how he had 
built his old log shanty — and I know his eyes will 
sparkle when he tells of the long days gone by. 

A dear old grandpa I knew belonged to a children's 
home for a short time. How he loved to walk through 
the yard and out into the fields, with baby hands hold- 
ing on to his! Although now years have gone by, yet 
in that home the members still can see the dear form 
trudging through the paths with a baby holding on 
each hand, a great mother cat walking, too, sedatelv 
along; all taking their daily walk! 

One of the great troubles with old folks is that we 
let them think there is nothing they can do; so they 
feel their uselessness. Give them something to do. 
They may not do it as you would like it to be done, or 
as you do, but do not complain. Their ways have 
grown on them and have become habits. 

Some day, God willing, you and I may be old people. 
Let us put ourselves in their places and make their 
declining years as happy as we can. It is hard to 
make set plans, because life and circumstances are so 
different; but kindness, courtesy, honor and love can 
always'be given, and the other things will follow as a 
natural result. 

Lift your hats, boys, give up your delightful seat, 
girls; carry the heavy bundle, grow old, too, beautiful- 
ly in loving the old; and when your locks are turning 
no one will think you are old. 
Lincoln, Nebr. 

A beautiful form is better than a beautiful face; 
a beautiful behavior is better than a beautiful form; 
it gives a higher pleasure than statues or pictures; it 
is the finest of the fine arts. 



For Week Ending Feb. 1, 1002. 

1. A life that can never be forfeited. John 10: 28. 

2. A relationship which can never be broken. Gal. 3: 26. 

3. A crown of righteousness which can never be tarnished. 
2 Tim. 4: 8. 

4. A peace which can never be destroyed. Eph. 2: 14. 

5. An acceptance which can never be questioned. Eph. I: 6. 
6 An inheritance which can never fade. 1 Pet. i: 4. 

7. A title which can never be disputed Rev. 5: 10. 

8. A true conception of my real condition;— 

(i) Out of Christ— my position by nature. Eph. 2: 12, 

(2) In Christ— my position by grace. Eph. 1: 5-7. 

(3) For Christ— my blessed privilege. 2 Cor. 5: 20. 
{4) With Christ— my bright hope. Philpp. i: 23. 

9. An honest confession :— 

(1) I am not what t ought to be. Rom. 7: 15, tg. 

(2) 1 am not what I might be. 2 Tim. 2: 15. 

(3) I am not what I wish to be. Rom. 8: to, 14. 

(4) Iammt what I hope to be. Rom. 8: 17. 

fj) But through grace I am not what I once was. I Cor. 2: 



Jan. 18, 1902 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 

Subscription. - 


D. L. Millbr. Illim 
H. B. Bri'm 

J. H. Moore, • 
d "°™' I Grant Mahan, 
JOS. AmICK, Business Manager. 

- - Office Editor. 
Aaaoclate Editor. 

. .;-*■>.', Com-" 

fl. D*Wr. gdteard Fn 

l*~All business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House. Elgin, III., and not to any 
Individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger is now engaged in a series of 
meetings at Mexico, Ind. 

Bro. O. H. Yeremian, of Kansas City, Mo., should 
be addressed at McGee Street. 

Quite recently fifteen put on Christ in baptism in 
the Upper Cumberland church, Pa. 

Bro. David B. Wolf, of Peru, Ind., should now be 
addressed at Bunker Hill, same State. 

The series of meetings in the Boiling Springs com- 
munity, Pa., closed with five accessions. 

Some people have a very apt way of praising them- 
selves. They do it by pointing out the faults of oth- 

Bro. L. H. Eby, now in charge of the mission work 
at Fort Wayne, Ind., should be addressed at 196 Smith 

Twelve are reported to have united with the Little 
Swatara church, Pa., as the result of a recent protract- 
ed meeting. 

Bro. J. L. Snavely, of Alvo, Nebr., has moved to 
Lincoln, that State, and should hereafter be addressed 
at 3041 S St, 

Hundreds of sermons fail to accomplish any good, 
just because the minister does not first put to practice 
what he preaches. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger commenced a series of meetings 
in the College chapel at North Manchester, Ind., the 
middle of last week. 

Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Pennsylvania, is now preach- 
ing in Michigan. When last heard from he was in 
the Chippewa church. 

The large edition of the Doctrinal issue of the 
Messenger, No. 48, has been exhausted, and no more 
orders for it can be filled. 

Next week we shall publish, so far as received, the 
queries intended for the Annual Meeting. If there be 
others they should be sent us without delay. 

What kind of a church would we have if all the 
members were just like you? Think this matter over, 
and let us hear from you if you have anything to say. 

The types a few weeks ago made Bro. C. E. Ar- 
nold say that the total enrollment in the McPherson 
school, Kans., is 225. He writes us that the correct 
number is 325. 

Every Sunday-school teacher should have a copy of 
the " Brethren's Sunday School Commentary " for 
1902. It is a well-bound volume of nearly 400 pages. 
price, 90 cents. 

Would you like to see our Sunday-school helps put 
into more Sunday schools? Most assuredly you 
would. Then send us the names of the superintendents 
of union Sunday schools, and we will take pleasure in 
mailingthem samples ofoursupplies.andthenurgethem 
to give our literature a trial. Any school not using 
our helps will be supplied with all the quarterlies and 
Sunday-school papers free the first quarter. Let us 
bear from our Sunday-school workers. 

The Brethren are in the midst of an interesting 
Bible Term at the Collegiate Institute, Union Bridge, 
Md. Brethren B. F. Masterson and J. K. Miller have 
the work in charge. 

A number of our ministers have not yet ordered 
the Sunday School Commentary for 1902, to which 
they are entitled under provisions made by the Gish 
Fund. The work will be sent for the cost of postage 
and packing, 16 cents. 

How many of our ministers preached missionary 
sermons last year, and then how many will preach that 
part of the Gospel this year? Those who do not 
preach the " go ye " part of the New Testament are 
lacking in an important duty. 

Bro. Lemuel Hillery, of Goshen, Ind., is spend- 
ing the winter at Melvin Hill, N. C. He seems much 
pleased with that part of the South as a promising mis- 
sion field, and thinks our people should come in and 
take possession of the land. His communication will 
be found on another page in this issue. 

Lately we have received several well-written anon- 
ymous articles. The omission of the authors' names 
seems to be a matter of thoughtlessness. On receiving 
an article for publication we first look for the writer's 
name. If that is not found we do not take time to 
read the communication, but place it with the declined 

Do not be afraid to now and then take up a collec- 
tion in your meetings for mission purposes. The peo- 
ple are more willing to give for such causes than we 
think. Last week a collection was taken up one even- 
ing at North Manchester, Ind., and fifty-two dollars 
raised. It was thought that another collection would 
be taken the next evening. Let the people have a 
chance to give. 

In the Brethren's Almanac for 1902, page 54, it is 
stated that the District Meeting for Northwestern 
Ohio will be held April 20. We are informed 
that this date is incorrect. The meeting will be held 
on Friday, April 18. Those interested will please 
mark the correction in their Almanac. The missionary 
meeting for the District will be held in the Portage 
church, three miles west of Prairie Depot, the day 
before, April 17. 

Bro. Levi Miller, the founder of the Old Folks' 
and Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind., has passed beyond 
the confines of earth. He died at his home near Mex- 
ico Dec. 21. Bro. Miller began his work on the Home 
thirteen years ago, and soon had built up an institu- 
tion that now stands as a monument of his great lib- 
erality. His example inspired others, and as a result 
we have several such homes in different parts of the 

In some of the Indiana journals it is reported that 
Bro. Jacob Speicher, who recently died at Mexico, 
Ind., was a noted " Dowie Elder." We personally 
know this report to be incorrect. He was in the Dowie 
home awhile, but could not be induced to accept the 
doctrine taught. He wrote a treatise exposing some 
of the workings and teachings of Mr. Dowie's church. 
It was our privilege to read the manuscript, and we do 
not hesitate to pronounce it a production of rare mer- 
it. We understand that it may possibly be published. 

Sister Kate Johnson, of Waterloo, Iowa, who 
watches up the church news in the Messenger with 
unusual care, says that the number of accessions to the 
church in 1901 was not as large as during the year 
previous. Her count makes the number of additions, 
as reported in the Messenger, 4,021. If to this we 
add the number not reported there would be not far 
from 4,500. The count indicates a slight falling off, 
and it would be well to look for the cause. During 
the year we probably did not do as much real earnest 
evangelistic work as in some former years. While 
giving increased attention to foreign work — which 
is proper — we may be neglecting the home fields. 
The increase in membership is by no means what it 
should be. and who can point out the remedy? 

We were misinformed about Bro. Frank Fisher 
and wife, of Mexico, Ind., spending the winter in 
Southern California. Bro. Fisher is again in charge of 
the Old Folks' and Orphans' Home, and will continue 
in the work until another superintendent can be se- 

The man who can rightly goVern his tongue, make 
it say just what should be said, and have it omit that 
which ought not to be spoken, is wise enough to gov- 
ern a kingdom. The tongue is a small member, but 
it is the most difficult to govern of all the members of 
the human body. 

Bro. W. B. Stover closed his work in North Man- 
chester, Ind., last week. He writes that his meetings 
were largely attended. Until Jan. 16 he may be ad- 
dressed at Daleville, Va. Then until Jan. 24 write 
him at Bridgewater, Va. From Jan. 24 to the end of 
the month he will be at Union Bridge, Md. 

It is not often that a minister declines the bishopric, 
when there is an earnest desire to ordain him and en- 
large his field of usefulness. But this is what Dr. Da- 
vid H. Greer, rector of St. Bartholomew's church, 
New York, has done. He has unhesitatingly declined 
an appointment as bishop of the diocese of western 
Massachusetts. He prefers to remain in charge of the 
local work which he took upon himself years ago. 
His is probably the largest charge in New York, and 
he feels contented and happy in his work. 

Before the flood men lived to be hundreds of years 
old. Even Moses was a strong man at the advanced 
age of 120. In these times the average of human life 
must have been very high, but it fell until in 1600 A. 
D. the average life of man was between eighteen and 
twenty years. At the close of the eighteenth century 
it had reached thirty years, and now it is said to exceed 
forty years. This increase in the average length of 
human life must be attributed to better ways of living. 
People do not realize this as fullv as they should ; they 
may understand it better later on. 

"Jesus, the Savior," is the title of another small vol- 
ume by Bro. Galen B. Royer. It is the sixth book 
published of the series of " Bible Biographies for the 
Young," being Part First of the life of Christ. It is 
a neatly printed and a neatly bound volume of 151 
pages, containing several cuts. Here the story of Jesus 
is told, in a simple way for children, from his birth 
until near the middle of his earthly ministry. The 
hook will be read with more than ordinary interest 
by the young, and it will do them good. Price, 35 
cents. Order it for your childrerl, and other people's 

Last year a number of Sunday-school teachers gave 
each of their pupils ten cents to invest for the Lord's 
cause, and report the results. These pupils have re- 
ported, and the teachers are now sending in their re- 
ports, which are encouraging. One teacher's list con- 
tains seventeen names, showing that she had placed 
money in the hands of that many boys and girls. One 
of the children increased her dime to $1.50, another to 
$1.45, others to $1.25, and two out of the number re- 
ported a gain of twenty-five cents. This shows what 
the rising generation can do for the Lord's work, if 
they have a little help and some encouragement. 

Bro. Daniel Parke<-, who resides at Palmetto, Ga., 
writes us that he wrfsbom in Palestine, near Bethle- 
hem, in 1830, and that for years he lived the life of a 
shepherd boy, having often tended his flock in the 
country made historic by the deeds of Bible men and 
women. He seems quite familiar with the country 
around Bethlehem. At the age of eleven he came to 
this country with his parents, and in time united with 
the Brethren church. His wife was baptized by Bro. 
A. W. Vaniman when he was in the South a few years 
ago. These people are poor and aged, and would 
like to find a home among the Brethren. We give 
this 'information in this way hoping that some of our 
people in the South may look into their condition and 
render them the needed assistance. For reasons not 
necessary to state theirs is an exceptional case. 

Jan. 1 8, 1902 



We are in receipt of the initial issue of the Evangelii 
Budbararc, the Brethren's Swedish paper, published 
at Malmo, Sweden, and edited by Bro. A. W. Vaniman. 
It is a four page monthly, published in the interests of 
the Brethren church and contains a number of short 
and neatly arranged articles. The appearance of the 
paper is good. One who reads the English can make 
out just enough in the head lines and body of the 
articles to feel almost tempted to learn the Swedish 
language so as to be able to enjoy the contents of the 
journal. We are certain that the paper will greatly 
please those who can read it. The price for American 
readers is 35 cents per annum, or four copies to one 
address, $1.00. All American orders, with the money, 
should be sent to the General Missionary Committee, 
Elgin, 111. Let our readers look up those who are 
from Denmark and Sweden and introduce the paper 
among them. It may be a good plan to donate the 
paper to some of your neighbors who can read it. 

Probably not a week goes by without someone writ- 
ing the Messenger asking how to deal with an elder, 
preacher or deacon whose conduct in life or church 
work is not wholly pleasing to some devout people. 
Allow us to suggest when any of your church officials 
fail to live the life they should, or fail to conduct the 
work of the church as it should be carried forward, 
go to them in a Christian spirit and point out their mis- 
takes, and then give them to understand that you are 
ready to help them do better. If they are the right 
kind of men, and you go to them in the right spirit, 
your interview will result in good. If they do wrong, 
and need special discipline, proceed with them as with 
other members. If you need advice seek it of those 
who know something of the conditions. True, we 
can answer questions in the Querists' Department, but 
we prefer not to meddle in matters that relate to indi- 
vidual cases. We wish to confine ourselves to prin- 
ciples as much as possible. 


A Call for Help. 

A letter written by Bro. S. N. McCann, of Ankles- 
var, India, tells a sad story of famine that has come 
upon the part of India in which he lives. In last 
week's Messenger some mention was made of the 
condition, but this letter, dated Dec. 6, addressed to 
Bro. D. L. Miller, tells a worse condition than was at 
first thought. Extracts from it are here given. 

" You know that there will be want again this year, 
but perhaps you do not know that the want has de- 
veloped and is developing into a worse famine than we 
had two years ago. All over the Raj Phila state con- 
ditions are sad indeed. Lizzie [Bro. McCann's wife] 
and I are just back from a three days' trip up there. 
Prospects one month ago were good for winter crops, 
especially cotton, tul, tosare, castor bean, etc. 


" But the rats destroy everything before it is ready 
to gather. They cut the sugar cane and jawarie even 
with the ground. Some fields of jawarie escaped them 
and headed out. They climbed the stalks and de- 
stroyed the grain. Castor beans are all cut off. Even 
the leaves are cut and the stalks stand bare. Tull is 
cut even with the ground. Cotton pods are cut off as 
soon as the seed begins to form. The whole state 
is being laid waste by this awful scourge. 


" The minister of State says he has used every means 
to exterminate the rats, but it seems for every one 
they kill that many more come to take its place. The 
Minister further says the famine takes them so much 
more unprepared than it did two years ago. They 
cannot see how they can meet it. The state can reap 
no revenue of any account, and he fears the worst is 
yet to come. Unless Providence interferes, next year 
the scourge will still be worse. 


" We have been helping the poor here by buying 
head-loads of grass. Dealers would not buy in so 
^iriall lots. We commenced two weeks ago. and now 

over eight thousand pounds comes in every day. We 
pay four cents for forty pounds of good grass cut by 
hand and carried fifteen miles. It takes a day to cut, 
and a day to bring it, yet it gives a little food." (Just 
think of it, brother, sister!! — Ed.) 


" Our Phil Christians are starving along with the 
rest. We will give some help, but if we cannot resell 
the grass [Bro. McCann is having difficulty to 
dispose of the grass] we will not know what to do 


" Again there will be hundreds of children to be 
cared for. Already the starved, helpless ones come in 
and plead to be taken in. We should take all we pos- 
sibly can care for, because the children are in the ter- 
ritory we expect to work and have been working. It 


can be done than by caring for these and letting them 
return to the state after the famine is over. Certainly 
those who have no parents will have to be cared for 
afterwards until they are old enough to care for them- 

Every one who knows Bro. McCann personally 
knows that he is not easily moved and is not quick to 
jump at conclusions. Let his own comment speak on 
the above letter : 

" I have been saying something about conditions 
here for some time, but have never said as much as 
I ought to have said. I feared I would make it too 
strong, and our people (in America) gave so liberally 
before that I feel sad to have to tell conditions here 
again. But facts are facts, and we must do something 
while people live. Soon we will have to feast our 
eyes upon walking skeletons and hear the piteous wail 
for bread that we cannot give, — give all we may." 

Need a word more be said ! Shall not the Brother- 
hood with its friends and associates at once rise up in 
the liberality of the bounty bestowed upon them and 
give that the starving may be fed and souls be kept 
from dying until they have had an opportunity to re- 
ceive the Gospel? Two years ago the response was 
liberal, the church was blessed, India rejoiced in the 
cause of Christ. This present year of bounty there 
has been no real call upon the friends of humanity. 
Now the call is here and is ordered published by the 
proper authority from Annual Conference. Let the 
churches respond with great liberality. 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee at 
Elgin, 111., stands ready to receive, receipt for, and for- 
ward all money to India free of any expense to the 
fund, so that every giver may know that every cent of 
his donation actually reaches the hungry. Every do- 
nation will be acknowledged week by week in the Gos- 
pel Messenger. 

Please note to send all your contributions direct to 
the General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, 


In the beginning life was a continuous round of 
sweetness. But through sin- bitterness was instilled 
into it. And since then we have the bitter-sweet, be- 
cause by general consent there is voted to human kind 
more of the bitter than of the sweet. And it may be 
a question why this is so, if so it be. There is one 
thing we do know — our heavenly Father doesn't want 
it so; neither has he ordained that it shall be so. 
Sweetness and bitterness are to be found in both the 
natural and the spiritual world. Either is largely at 
our disposal, and we have one or the other as we 
choose. In the natural or physical world it is said 
that sweetness is found in every living thing; in some, 
more; in others, less. Not so of bitterness. So 
sweetness is found everywhere; bitterness is found on- 
ly by searching, but perhaps is more readily obtained 
when found. 

We, as a rule, find that after which we seek. The 
bee always finds honey and wax, because these are the 
things after which it seeks. In its seeking it often 
meets with the bitter, but rejects it. It has no taste, 
no place for it. I wonder if we are as wise, and 
whether we have no taste or place for the bitter. 

It would seem strange if we would indulge in a 
thing for which we have no taste or inclination. For 
us to receive it voluntarily and of our free will 
is not reasonable. Indeed it would be unreasonable 
for us to do so unless we would do it as we take medi- 
cine, that the sweet may follow as a result. But ad- 
mitting that we sometimes take it as we do medicine, 
this should be the exception and not the rule, as, nor- 
mally, we are expected to he sick a less time than we 
are in health. Yet many of us seem to have and ex- 
perience more of the bitter than we do of the sweet. 
If the bitter is the fruit of sin, would it not be well for 
us to ponder this subject more carefully and see if 
there is not some way of eliminating more of this bit- 
terness from our lives by adding more of the sweets? 

The Christ came into the world to purge it from 
sin and make our lives sweet. And in proportion as 
we assimilate that life into our own lives the bitter- 
ness goes out and the sweetness comes in. It is our 
privilege to be so full of Christ that there will be no 
room for sin. And where no sin is, there is health, 
peace and sweetness. In the spiritual world we have 
much sweetness. Christ's kingdom is one of safety 
and peace. It is the kingdom of love. And love cast- 
eth out fear. We talk about sweet rest, sweet sleep 
and sweet peace. And have we not all enjoyed these 
things? At times we have. When was it that we 
enjoyed this sweetness? Was it when we were away 
from God and living without Christ? No; that was 
our time of bitterness. Sin, though for the moment 
it seems sweet, soon turns into the gall of bitterness. 
No, sweetness came into our lives when Christ came 
as our abiding guest. And if we have been having 
bitterness it is because of getting away from our first 
love, when, like Peter, we followed afar off. 

Did you ever have peace and sweetness come to you, 
as the still small voice or as the flowing of the river? 
I shall never forget the night we spent in Banaias, or 
Cesarea Philippi, while passing down through Pales- 
line. It was a time of war between the adjoining 
tribes of heathen, the country without law and order, 
and robbery, if not bloodshed, rife. We were advised 
of the condition and warned by the sheik of the place 
that danger was abroad and no protection assured. 
Our only walls of safety were tent cloth. But we 
were there and night was upon us, and the only thing 
we could do was to remain and run the chances of 
being robbed or killed. This seemed bitter indeed. 
But the One that calmed the waves of the Galilean 
sea was near, "A present help in time of need." We 
committed ourselves into his care. Sweet sleep came, 
and we knew nothing more till the next morning 
sun peeped in through the folds of our tent and awak- 
ened us to assure us that the bitterness of danger was 
past and that we were safe in the embrace of his love. 
O, how sweet life would be if we only could trust more 
and fear less ! 

I remember well, when yet a boy. hearing an old 
man who had been converted from a life of sin say that 
it was a sin to be afraid. I was made to think what 
a big sinner I was because I was mortally afraid of 
darkness, and trembled to be alone in hauntedf?) 
places where spooks and hobgoblins played hide and 
seek in the fence corners or behind the rocks in the 
" stony battery," a spooky road near our old home. 
Since then I learned that the converted man was about 
right in his view of fear, and also that I was also right 
in my estimate of my own condition. And while I 
have had remarkable seasons of trusting sweetness. 
I have not been altogether relieved of the attacks of 
bitterness because of seasons of unbelief. And be- 
cause of this my daily prayer is, Lord, help me to be- 
lieve more fully. I know, I am sure that if I can fully 
commit my all to him who careth for me, all bitterness 
will vanish away and I shall enjoy the continued sweet- 
ness of Jesus' love and presence evermore. H. a. b, 



Jan. 18, 1902 


For Intoxicating Liquors in the 

United States in 1000, 





Hi AND STEEL $to,ooo,<KQ 



I COTTON GOODS 38o.e"»,o 

I BOOTS AND SHOES 33S.coo,ooo 


ACCORDING to the reports of 
the State Boards of Statistks,- 

woolen goods 250,000000 i eighty-one per cent of the criminals 

sugar and molasses a«, » of our country, eighty per cent of 

FRU1T 200,000,-000 ^v...^»*«v...j the paupers, fifty-five per cent of the 

public education tff.4i.fe3 \ cases of insanity, and forty-four per cent of the idiotic 

furniture 175,000,000 J and feeble-minded, are traceable to the use of intoxi- 

■ C0FFEE 100,500,000 J eating liquors. The last census reports 700,000 drunk- 

4,000,000 » ards in the United States. About 100,000 of them 
S.500,000 [ perish annually from the effects of intoxicants, multi- 
vv „**d tudes of the innocent lose their lives by accident, and 

women and children are beggared, heart-broken and ruined without number. 

It will be observedthat the liquor bill is almost as large as the entire sum paid for meat and bread. 
Then it will be noticed that the people pay more for tobacco than they do for bread. If to the liquor 
bill we add the tobacco expense we have nearly two billion dollars, or more than $24 to every man, 
woman and child in the land. For public schools we pay less than S3 per capita, and for preachers and 
mission work less than thirty cents. Could we only reverse this scale and pay $1,172,493,447 for spread- 
ing the Gospel and doing other good work, what a happy world we would have! 

During the millennium this is to be more than reversed. There will then be no demand for liquor, 
tobacco or war implements. No money will be spent for navies or a standing army. What wonderful 
resources we shall then have for carrying on good works! For the above diagram we are indebted to 
the American Friend. 


At Thebes, Egypt, an old hymn- has been discov- 
ered and deciphered, in which mention is made of the 
Israelites. It is the first time that the name has been 
found on any of the monuments. This information 
we glean from the Sunday School Times. It is the 
unexpected that has happened, and the name of Is- 
raelites, spelled I-s-r-a-e-1-u has been preserved to us 
on a monument of the Pharaoh of the exodus. The 
inscription is engraved on a large slab of granite, and 
the Israelites are included, at the end of the hymn, 
among the countries and people whom Pharaoh has 
overthrown. The passage in which their name is 
found is as follows: " Wasted(?) is the land of the 
Libyans ; the land of the Hittites is tranquilized ; cap- 
tive is the land of Canaan, and utterly miserable ; car- 
ried away is the land of Ashkelon ; overpowered is the 
land of Gezer; the land of Innuam is brought to 
naught. The Israelites are spoiled so that they have 
no seed; the land of Khar [southern Palestine] is be- 
come like the widows of Egypt." Having " no seed " 
probably refers to the destruction of the male children. 
At the time the poet wrote the Israelites had left the 
land of Egypt. A careful reading of the poem would 
seem to indicate this . To their name alone, it will be 
noticed, the determinative of " country " is not at- 
tached. All the other states and nations mentioned 
are localized; it is "the land of the Hittites," "the 
land of Ashkelon," " the land of Khar." But the Is- 
raelites have no longer a fixed habitation ; there is no 
country known to the poet in which they are settled, 
or to which they can be said to belong. 

The inference from this is clear. The Hebrews had 
already gone into the wilderness. They had disap- 
peared in the desert. They had not yet reached Ca- 
naan, but were mere wanderers away from their for- 
mer home in the land of Goshen. The agreement be- 
tween the hymn and the Mosaic account of the exodus 
seems complete. The one confirms the other. The 
narrative, however, given by Moses is more extended, 
and contains the details. The poet simply refers to 
the circumstance. This shows that it was well known 
to the people of his time. But centuries have gone by. 
The writings of Moses come to us after having been 
copied scores of times. They are questioned, how- 
ever, by some, saying that Moses could not have writ- 
ten what is credited to him in the first five books of the 
Bible. These critics go so far as to say that the art 

of writing was not sufficiently perfected at that time 
to enable one to produce a document as well prepared 
as either Genesis or Exodus. Well, here comes the 
plain writing, on a stone. The lettering is well exe- 
cuted. It can be seen and read. It is old. It dates 
back to the time of Moses. It is the same stone on 
which the writing was first executed. There is no dis- 
puting it. We cannot say that the art of writing was 
not well perfected at this time. Here is a stone which 
shows that the people in the days of the exodus could 
both read and write. Let these discoveries go on. 
They only help to support the old, old story of the Bi- 
ble. ' 



What way hav 
fifth year B. C.?- 

■ we of knowing that Christ was born in the 
■B. O. C. 

Herod the Great died April 4, in the fourth year B. 
C. It was in the days of Herod, or while Herod was 
yet living, that Christ was born. Matt. 2: 1. Then 
we read that Herod died while the parents and child 
were in Egypt. Matt. 2 : 19. Since the death of Her- 
od occurred in the fourth year B. C, the birth of 
Christ could not have taken place later than in the 
fifth year B. C. Christ was probably born in the Oc- 
tober previous to the death of Herod. Forty days 
later, or near the first of December, he was taken to 
the temple in Jerusalem to be presented to the Lord. 
Luke 2: 22. It was between this date and the first of 
March that the wise men made their visit, for the vis- 
it took place while Herod was yet in Jerusalem. Near 
the first of March Herod was taken from Jerusalem 
to the Jordan valley, and died in his palace at Jericho, 
April 4, B. C. 4, as stated above. 

From this it would appear that Jesus was a little 
over five months old when Herod died. If he was 
born Dec. 25, as some think, then he was less than four 
months old at the death of Herod. Other historical 
data figure in this matter, but everything known goes 
to show that the birth of Jesus occurred in the year 
preceding the death of Herod, which would be the fifth 
year B. C. On this date all scholars of note are quite 
well united. 

Those interested in the Messenger will confer 
a favor by sending us marked copies of papers con- 
taining news about our people and their work. 
Such items of interest should be so marked that we 
can see them on opening the papers. 

Is a person, whose letter is out of date, as per Minutes of 
Annual Meeting, a member of the church?—/, C. B. 

He is, but his letter is not valid. It is dead. It is 
the privilege of the church, granting the letter, to re- 
new the date, and thus render the letter valid. 

Is it according to the usage of the Brethren church to have 
the children, at the close of Sunday school, stand and repeat 
the Lord's Prayer?— R. R. 

Among the churches our practice is different In 
some of the schools the Lord's Prayer at the close is 
repeated while standing and in others while kneeling. 

Please explain, "Enter ye in at the strait gate." Matt. 7: 
13. Some say this means baptism, and others say no reference 
is made to baptism. — L. G. H. 

It means the whole process of entering upon and 
continuing in the Christian life, and this includes faith, 
repentance, confession, baptism and the entire Chris- 
tian race. By " strait gate " is meant the difficult en- 
trance into life eternal. 

When Jesus died on the cross, did God die? — G. E. C. 

The eternal God, the Father, did not die, but his Son 
did. Only so much of the divinity as became part flesh 
suffered death, and in this sense it is sometimes assert- 
ed that God died. This is one of the deep questions, 
and in our own teachings we prefer to" say that it was 
Christ, the only begotten Son of the Father, who suf- 
fered death on the cross. 

How is it when brethren meet in cities, shake hands, but 
omit the salutation? Is this Scriptural?— S. E. P. 

The Scriptures do not say how often the saints shall 
greet each other with the holy kiss. To some extent 
this must be left to their judgment. It is one thing, 
however, to omit the kiss now and then in the busy 
throng of life, but quite another to purposely discard 
it. No Brethren church has ever discarded the kiss, 
but some of the members now and then omit it in their 
daily and hasty greetings. 

Is Wm. Whiston's translation of the writings of Josephus, in 
1854, considered a reliable rendering?— C, B. 

This is probably the most reliable translation of Jo- 
sephus we have. Josephus lived in the last half of the 
first century, and wrote a very complete history of the 
Jews, including the history of the world from the crea- 
tion. He follows the Bible narrative very closely up 
to the close of the record, and then continues the his- 
tory of the Jews until the destruction of Jerusalem. 
He wrote in Greek. It is a work of rare merit. 

Since the body requires food, is it wrong to go to the Lord's 
supper hungry? Or, should we eat something beforehand? 
-£. A. 

The apostles were doubtless hungry, or felt the de- 
sire for food, when they took their places at the table, 
at the last supper, in the upper room in Jerusalem. 
Nothing is wrong about anyone going to the Lord's ta- 
ble hungry, provided he knows how to control his ap- 
petite. Those who cannot keep their bodily wants 
under subjection are the ones who should eat at home, 
as Paul directs in 1 Cor. 11 : 34. 

When a deacon is installed into office is his wife installed 
also? When there is work to be done, such as preparing for 
communions, the wife has her work the same as the deacon 
has his. Notice the Bible qualifications. If she is not in- 
stalled, why do we read in the Messenger of a brother being 
elected and he and his wife being installed? — N. B. 

The wife is not installed in the sense that the hus- 
band is installed. She is received as his helper or as- 
sistant in the work and has her special duties to per- 
form. Should the husband die, these special duties of 
the wife cease. An elder is ordained, a minister and 
deacon elected, and then installed, but the wife of the 
elder is not ordained, nor is the wife of the minister or 
deacon installed. The wives of these officials are sim- 
ply received along with their husbands in office. On 
the death of the wife the duties of the elder, minister 
or deacon continue. This is not the case when the 
husband dies. The special official duties of the wife 
then cease whether she be the wife of an elder, minister 
or deacon. When reporting news along this line there 
is a chance for writers to be a little more guarded in 
their statements. 

Jan. l8, 1902 


General Missionary 


...Tract Department 


D. L. Miller. Illinois I H.C.Early. Virginia 

L W. Thkter, Indiana ' A. B. Barnhart, Md 

CV-Addrcss all business to General Missionary 
aitd Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. 

*The regular meeting of the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee 
wUl be in Elgin, 111., on Feb. 11, beginning 
at 8 A. M. The Executive Committee of the 
Brethren Publishing House will meet Feb. 10. 
Business intended for this meeting should be 
reduced to writing and sent to the Mission 
Rooms not later than Feb- r. 

"OKingoI all Ages! 

We praise thee for our Time 
When every sign presages 

A future more sublime. 
We owd, with shame and sadness, 

How li tie we have done. 
We celebrate with gladness 

The triumphs tbou hast won." 


The beloved disciple thus writes unto the 
church in his day, and the words carry with 
them a very strong and encouraging thought. 

In olden times anointing was the last touch 
in consecration. When the sacrifices were 
prepared, the altar having been cleansed and 
everything else done, the last thing was to pour 
on the oil. Then God sent down the fire of ap- 
proval. When the sons of Aaron were, each in 
his turn, set apart for the priesthood, they were 
washed, clothed, atoned for, and then the oil of 
anointing was poured upon them to show that 
they were consecrated unto the Lord. 

And this mark meant something to them. 
From this time on they were holy men in of- 
fice presumed to be holy men in life, and were 
given over entirely to the sprvice of holy 
things. Separation from the rest of the con- 
gregation was prominent in their minds as well 
as in the mind of the people. 

Now John says in his first epistle (2:20), 
" Ye have an anointing" {unction, the Author- 
ized gives it). What does it mean to the mem- 
bers of the church fo-day? 

First, John did not refer to the ministry 
atone, or even any part of the congregation in 
Christ. He addressed himself to every mem- 
ber of the Lord Je»us and said, "Ye have an 

Second, in doing so he meant to carry with 
that thought all the accumulated meaning of 
consecration from the priesthood under the 
law, and all the significance in the life of 
Christ, save the atonement. For Christ i* the 
Anointed One, the chosen of God, to deliver 
man from his bonHage and give him a elorious 
liberty in a new Gospel. As our Perfect Ex- 
ample in life, he urges us to follow after him in 
doing good and serving the world by witness' 
ing for him to the uttermost parts of it. 

But, brother, sister, " ye have an anointing," 
and do you realize it? Does the full force of 
your priesthood rest daily in vour mind, 
prompting you to the greatest possible activity 
in the Master's cause? Does your "high call 
ing " so stir you, fill you, that you are willing to 
sacrifice to reach lost souls? Or can no incon- 
venience at all for the sake of Christ come into 
your life? 

In the baptismal rite the anointing came up- 
on you; in kind if not in quantity, the same as 
it came upon Christ. For today the oil of 
anointing for the great work of the world is the 
Holy Spirit, who, descending, abides with all 
cleansed and pure lives, urging them on in the 
work of the Lord. 

What are our lives? Do they show the 
anointing which we received? 



"If I could find a dollar," 
Said little Tommy Gill. 

" A-layin' in a pig's track, 

Or rotlln' up a hill, 
I 'd send it to the heathen 

As fast as it could go, 
For they are needing money— 

My teacher told me bo." 
' I can give a ponny now," 

Said little Willie Pool. 
" And that will buy a paper 

To start a Sunday school. 
I 'd better give a penny, 

And give it right away. 
Than wait to find a dollar 

To give another day," 

So Willie gave his penny, 

A wish gave Tommy Gill; 
Now which saw bis dollar first 

Go rolling up the hill? 

— May Olmstead. in Little Workers. 



Be not anxious ab^ut little things, if thou 
wouldst learn to trust God with thine all. Act 
upon faith in little things. Commit thy daily 
cares and anxieties to him and he will strength- 
en thy faith for greater trials that may come. — 
Dr. Pusey. 

It has been some time since we wrote, but 
we have not been idle. Since the winter set 
in many need help, and if they are not helped 
they will have to suffer. 

I went in to see a family this evening. I 
found the mother sick in bed. The father has 
not been able to work for six months, They 
have four children and the mother has been 
able to provide for them by hard work till now. 
I asked her if they had anything to eat. She 
said she had had n-thing during the day. The 
children spoke up happily and said, " We have 
bread and dripping." They seemed so thank- 
ful to think they had that much. I came home 
and prepared them a supper, and when I had 
time to think I thought of the well-spread 
tables in the States and the many that gather 
around them, and some with an ungrateful 

Our work is moving on about as usual. We 
had a very pleasant time for our Sunday school 
the night after Christmas. About seventy-five 
were present, including the school, which num- 
bers about fifty. We had examination in Bible 
questions, and the children took great interest 
in answering After that exercise was over we 
had a nice little treat prepared for them, which 
I am sure they enjoyed. Children in the city 
appreciate anything of that kind so much 
more than they do in the country. Thev do 
not have the pleasure of freedom as they do in 
the country. Their playground is in the dirty 
streets and they get to see but little of the 
beauties of nature. 

1 have a good sewing class, from eighteen to 
twenty in number, and my mother's meeting is 
well attended. 

Many thanks to the dear sisters that have 
been sending me quilt blocks lately. You wi 
never know in this life how much you have 
helped me in this work. But God will reward 
you abundantly. If anyone wishes to send us 
any Young Disciples that have been used we 
can make good use of them among the children. 
We have only the Children at Work in our 
Sunday school. We haven't felt able to get 
the Young Disciple yet, but we cr-uld make 
good use of the old ones if they are clean. 

Continue to pray for us, that the work may 
not suffer in our hands. 
Montreal, Canada, 16 Lalonde Ave., Jan. j 



While I believe Japan is the most promis- 
ing unopened foreign mission field for the 
Brethren, no one should imagine there are no 
hindrances. The people of Japan are not 
heathen plums, all ready to drop into the 
Christian's net Their very intelligence, which 
makes them promising converts, will lead them 
to question every step in the new way. In 
fact, they are too practical to be led on by sen- 

Already one of the hindrances experienced 
by other denominations is the criticism of the 
natives regarding the multiplicity of Christian 
sects. They cannot understand it.and it makes 
them suspicious. The Japanese are the kind 
of men and women who have implicit confi- 
dence in their gods. If they were to follow 
Christ they would expect his every utterance 
to be law, unquestioned by a single follower. 
That is what makes it hard for them to under- 
stand how Christ is God, and yet bis followers 

dispute about his words. And no wonder it is 
a hindrance, 

But, after all, such persons are the kind who 
readily take to the faith of the Brethren in 
preference to creeds of men. If other denomi- 
nations can succeed among the Japanese, our 
success ought to be greater under workers of 
equal talent, and thoroughly consecrated. 
And the native converts co'dd probably be or- 
ganized into churches able to stand alone, 
sooner than in most foreign fields. 

Another hindrance to most American mis^ 
sionaries is the terror of earthquakes. I have 
never heard of the person who wanted to feel 
the second vigorous earthquake. Some have 
said they would give one thousand dollars 
experience one, but afterwards they were 
equally willing to give more to avoid the n 
one. And Japan has them to excel almost any 
other place Some are quite destructive tc 
property and life, and there are charitable in 
stitutions maintained for the unfortunates from 
such disturbances. I have heard that the 
natives get used to them, but that foreigners 
never do. 

But a missionary who is of the mettle of the 
apostles will not be frightened away from his 
duty by earthquakes. Japan may be no place 
for men and women of dough, but the dangers 
of life are no greater than in other fields, and 
the person who gives his life to the Lord can 
trust to him the disposing of it. Taking it all 
around, Japan is a field the Brethren ought to 
enter as soon as we are ready to open another 
foreign mission field. 

Warrensburg, Mo. 




Peter Dubois, Greene, Iowa, $2,88; Coon 
River church Sunday school, Iowa, §4; Sisters' 
Mission Circle, Waterloo, Iowa, S5; Marion H. 
Cassel, Lansdale, Pa., 60 cents; L. Brower, 
Dale, Iowa, 10 cents; Rebecca Thomas, Alvo, 

Nebr, $3; a sister, , Si; G. A, Goughnour, 

Maxwell, Iowa, S8; Grace E. Musseur, Lake 
Odessa, Mich,, 50 cents;Grutidy County church, 
Iowa, S40; Mary E. Miller, Ft. Seneca, Ohio, $5. 
Total receipts, S70.58. Paid out, $,\6 5: 
Amount of all moneys, $180.87; paid out. 

16 Lalonde Ave., Jan, 2. 



During November and December the 
Helping Hand Society has received the follow- 
ing: One box of clothine from Knightly, Va,; 
one package of clothing from Pipe Creek, Md.; 
one box of clothing and S3.45 cash from Sis- 
ters' Aid Society of Mill Creek church, Va.; 
from Lewistown Sunday school, Pa, $2,14; a 
brother from Whiting, Mo„ 50 cents; two bar- 
rels of provisions from Waynesboro, Pa.; sever- 
al articles of clothing from Mrs. J. M. York, 
Washington, D. C. 

For the above we offer up our sincere tbankB 
to God and to our brethren and sis'ers who 
long ere this have realized blessings in return. 

We were glad to have with us Bro. A. 
Hutchison, who preached for us four sermons; 
also Bro. J. P. Engler. of Uniontown, Md„ 
preached for us since our last report, 

401 nth St., S. E., Washington, D. C, Dec. 31. 


Report of Brooklyn Mission. 


* 16 74 

MiaBion Board 70 00 

Brooklyn Sunday school 11 40 

Industrial school t 06 

A brother, 6 oo 

F. B. Myers, Ml. Pleasant, Pa 53 

Donations, $5 

Total I106 as 



Rent 4a 00 

Gas and fuel, 34$ 

Janitor 5 00 

isirial school 2 63 

Sunday school 30 o$ 

Stamps, stationery and donations 1 39 

■d and cat fare 7 06 

Dry goods 8 42 

Incidentals 2 24 

Total J102 34 

Balance on hand 4 01 

Elizabeth Grater. 
>S77jr't Ave.. Brooklyn. N. Y. 


Bv Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. 


6oo. Eugene Hoffman Skippack. Pa 

700. Katie Clip Skippack, Pa 

7oi. Mary Johnson,....* Skippack. Pa 

701, MaryC. Zelgler Skippack, Pa 

701. EmmaLizer 814 Spring St., Elgin, III 

1704, Mac F.Gelaer Smltbsburg, Md 

70S. Sudye Stevenson Waynesboro, Pa 

1706, ZollaS. Funk. Waynesboro! Pa 

1707. Kate Broadwater Preston, Minn., R, F. D 

I7°S| J- Homer Bright Dayton, Ohio, R. D. No. 4 

1700. Mrs. H E. Moscr Monoogahela, Pa 

1710. Mr. J. E. Joseph Bourbon, Ind 

1711, Amanda Joseph Bourbon, Ind 

171J. Mary Cook Clovcrdate. Ohio 

(713. Isaac Tyson Cloverdalc, Ohio 

171 J. Mis. Carrie Bame Wlllianistown. Ohio 


160, J. Homer Bright Dayton. Ohio 


For Week Ending Jan, 3j. 

Topic, Working Together. 

THXT.-They helped everyone his neighbor.- Isb. 41: 


References, Mark 16:15-18; t Kings, chap- 
ters 5 and 6; Luke 15:6; Acta 13: 52; ActB 20: 
35; Gal. 6: 2; 1 Peter 3: 8; 1 John 3: 17; 1 Cor. 3: 
6-q; Heb. to: 24; Lev. 25:35, 

Remarks, Each one has his own life to live 
and his own work to do. But if he thinks only 
of himself and his own work, he grows selfish 
and useless. His faculties arc dwarfed, his 
talents lie buried. 

When each one helps his neighbor, the 
heaviest burdens grow lighter. The sympathy 
and kindly fceljng shown make the task easier. 
We are all bound together; each acts upon the 
other for good or evil. 

There is strength in co-operation. When we 
know that our friends will Btand by us in some 
undertaking, it gives us courage to go on. 

As a result of co-operation we love each oth- 
er better. We understand each other and can 
forgive more easily. Wc have a confidence in 
each other that grows out of mutual respect. 

The united prayers and united efforts of an 
entire church will bring about a revival. They 
were all with one accord in one place on the 
day of Pentecost. 

Reading from one of the Circle books. 

Essay, "What Shall we Read? " 


f have read several of the Circle books and 
want to read them all. I am sure that Chris- 
tian duty demands that we have the keenest 
interest in missionary work. I know ol noth- 
ing that will promote this interest to a greater 
degree than the study of such books as are 
recommended by the Circle.—^/. Grace Hile- 
man, Elgin, III. 

Will you kindly send me about twenty-five 
promise cards? They serve so well to bring 
the question to a point, We still think of and 
pray for the Circle God is our kind and 
wise Father. He has been so much to mc and 
how much of this assurance I owe to the interest 
and prayers of Christian friends, I cannot tell. 
This is a great, wide world and our days may 
be full of work if we but pray and learn to love 
the human souls about us, — Georgiana Hoke, 
Elgin, III. 

By the co-operation of all the members here, 
who are very much interested in the Circle 
work, we will be able to do something for 
Christ. We meet on the first Tuesday evening 
of each month to consider the book we read 
during the previous month. There is room for 
much good work in Elkhart, and while we di- 
rect our prayers heavenward in behalf of the 
little nucleus here, we ask an interest in 
yours.— Lewis Oi<erholser, Elkhart, hid. 

I am glad to send three new names for the 
Circle. There are several members hce who 
ought to belong, and 1 trust that ere long they 
let their names be added to our list. As 
an inducement to get more to join us we have 
placed the Circle books in our Sabbath-school 
library.— Sudie M. Wingert, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Are you a minister? Then you should read 
" Do Not Say " and recommend it to your con- 
gregation. If you read and then act we will 
have a mission in China before a year. 


Jan. 1 8, 1902 


Mission Report for Week Ending 
Jan. it, 10,03 


[Money donated to this fond will be used at borcc 
abroad as necessity demands it. This lund la on th 
tme basis, — to be used where needed, and It is hoped thn 
It will be well supported. Interest on endowments, ar 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under thi 

P re t!o us ly reported, . .- In.Trt □ 

OHIO- A brother, Suffield, S;; Elias Gerber, 
Canton S5; Jesse K. Brumbaugh, West Milton, 
$1 ao; Jno. L. Dohner, Union. I1.20: Margaret 
Dohner, Union, $1 ao; D. Berkebile. Delta,; Mav Hill cong., Sa.'O; Marble Furnace 
cong,, $2.2f,-, Strait Creek cong., (1.65; F. M. 
Bowers, Forest, Sio; marriage notice, D. By- 
erly, Lima, 50 cents; F. A. Seller, Watson. 81.50; 
Elizabeth Souder. Lattasburg, Si 50; L. E. 
Kauffman. DeGraff,; D. Brenner. Brook- 
ville,;W. H. Folkerth, Union Ji.zo; Jas. 
Leckrone, Chalfants, Si.$o; Elizabeth King, 
Paulding, 50 cents; W. C. Teeter, Dayton,; 

total 4» n 

Pa.— C. J Miller, Somerset, (2.40; marriage 
notice, C. L. Buck, 50 cents; Levi H. Biddle, 
New Enterprise, (6; D. L. Miller. Confluence, 
S6; Geo. S. Reiman, Berlin. Si; Elizabeth M. 
Gibbel, Lititz, (; Rockton Sunday school, 
113.90; S. L. Fyock and wife, Glen Campbell, 

JS; H. R. Gibbel, Lititz, Si. 20; total, 37 2c 

Ind.— Pyrmont Sunday school. Si, 94; Wm. 
and Cassie Stout. Hsgerstown. S$; Thos. Cripe, 
Goshen, S15; David Nihari, Middlebury, So 
cents; David Eikenberry, Flora, S4; Barbara 

Chngenpeel, Flora, Si. 20; total 27 6^ 

KANS.-Julia A. Farme, Welda, S1.10; Salera 
cong., $4.75; Slate Creek Sunday school, S7; D. 
and Elizabeth Vaniman, McPherson, $10; mar- 
riage notice, E. D Root 50 cents; Pleasant 
View cong,, S3.13; Dunlap Sunday school, 82,84; 
Sam'l Henry, Darlow, Si.zo; W. B. Price, Louis- 
ville, 50 cents; C. E. Arnold, McPherson, Si. 50; 

total, 33 02 

III.— A. L. Clair. Mt. Morris,; Phil. H. 
Graybill, Polo. Si. 20; marriage notice, S. G. 
Bucher, Si; marriage notice. John Arnold. 50 
cents; Otbo Watson. Wacker, Sio: a brother, 
Elgin, IS cents; Silver Creek cong.. J10.14; P. G. 

Sbowalter, DeKalb. 50 cents; total, 24 69 

Va.-J. S. Garber, Bridgewater, Si; D. F. 
Long, Bridgewater, 86; Bettie Good, Miller's 
school, $3; Lizzie Sbowalter, Rockingham, 81-20; 
Lydia Cline, Timberville. S3; Roanoke City 
Sunday school, ^5.25; A. Flory, Penland, S2.C0; 

total. 21 45 

Iowa — N. G. Caskey, Lenox, S1.20; marriage 
notice, Myrta Leavell, 50 cents; L. L. Hess, E!- 
dora. S'o; Susan Wise. Dallas Centre, S1.20; W. 

A, Blough, Waterloo, S3; total, 15 90 

Cal.— Edmond and Elizabeth Forney, Lords- 

bnrg 6 00 

N. Dak.— E, H. StaufTer. Rosedale. $2.34; H. 
H. Johnson. Pleasant Lake, 50 cents: V. R. 

James, Lauvar, 82; total, 4 8 4 

Md- Geo. A. Lininger, Cove 3 00 

Mo. — A brother and sister, Leeton 2 50 

Okla.— A. W. Austin, Cushing 1 ; 

Mich.- Perry McKinney. Blissfield 1 zo 

Nebr.— Levi HofTert, Carleton ! 20 

Tenn.— Bettie Browning, Limestone, 25 

From Our Correspondents 

'As cold. water to a thirsty soul, bo is good 1 
a iar country." 

Total for vear beirinnine April. 901. . 

.811.998 18 

Previously reported jgig ^j 

Kans. Primary class ol Salem Sunday school, 
Si.*o; Slate Creek Sunday school, J2.35; busie Hol- 
linger's Minday-scbool class, Darlow, SiS-88; AUie 
E senbise's class Sabeiha. S2.45; total, 22 48 

Ohio.- Little missionaries and Sunday-school 
workers in Stillwater Sunday school 18 40 

Ind.— Sisters' Aid Society. North Manchester, 
8375; Susan Knote, 5wayzee, Si; Thos. Cripe, 
Goshe ,8>;total 7S 

Pa— Mechanics Grove Primary and Juvenile 
classes. 84-45; Geo. S. Reiman. Berlin, Si; total 5 45 

Mo— Juvenile class of Oak Grove Sunday school, 4 00 

IOWA.— Lee and M.ra Young, rairie City 3 00 

Total for year beginning April, 1901, 8981 55 


Pre iously reported je 02 33 

Iowa.— Panther Creek cong , 82.50; ddie F., 
Grace E.. and Merle J Young, Prairit City, 86; 



Ohio. — Children ol Hickory Grove Sunday 
school, Silver Creek cong., 82 94; a sister, Ashland 

S5;total 7 94 

Va.— Collected by OttieF. Showalter 3 65 

Fla.— Levi N.Clymer, Keuka 2 25 

Kans.— Mc herson cong a 2 c 

Ind.— Addie ' linger. Columbia City 1 j6 

Mich.— Class No. 2, Thomapple Sunday school, 1 00 

Cal.— Bettie Wine. LosNietos so 

Total lor year beginning April, 1901 S529 58 


Previously reported $itt s 57 

Iowa.— Panther Creek cong ' j oq 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 S186 S7 


Preriously reported j, 2 8 50 

III.— Geo. Hossack, Mt. Morris 315 

Total lor year beginning April, 1901 S131 65 


Ill— D. L. Miller and wife, Mt. Morris SS° 00 

Total (or year beginning April, 1901, 350 00 

Gen. Miss, and Tract Com. 

Rocky Ford. — We held quarterly council Jan 
4, presided over by Eld. Granville Nevinger, 
assisted by Eld. Elliot, of Peru, Ind., our senior 
elder being absent, G. E. St"debaker. <"me 
brother was restored to fellowship. Three 
were received by letter, one letter was granted, 
one letter was read last Sabbath. Decided to 
hold protracted effort by Eld. Nevinger, com- 
mencing Feb. 8. Report of treasurer on new 
church (which cost $1,415.00) all paid. We 
thank neighbors and friends and Brethren for 
their liberal giving. Collected for missionary 
purposes, S1.30; average attendance at Sabbath 
school, 50; collection of Sunday school for year, 
$31.—}. E. Weybright,Jan.8, 
Nampa. — We met in quarterly council Jan. 
7. Much business was disposed of in peace 
nd harmony Ten letters of membership 
were read. We re-elected Sunday-school su- 
perintendent for si x months, Bro. S. A. 
Rhoades as superintendent and Bro. Brouse 
assistant. We have a large Sunday school, 
preaching twice on Sunday and prayer meet- 
ing every Thursday evening, — Hettie Whallon, 
Jan. 7. 


Blue Ridge. — To day was our regular coun- 
cil meeting, Our eld^r, Bro. Heitz, officiated, 
A soul-saving spirit is beginning to take the 
place of trouble. Steps were taken to assist 
the writer financially to hold a series of meet- 
ings in Osman, 111. We are asked to prove by 
the Bible that sprinkling and pouring are not 
valid baptism; also that trine immersion is 
scriptural and apostolic. Sister C. Burns was 
placed in charge of the Sunday school for this 
quarter. One letter was granted. Sister B. 
Ashmore and Sister Luella Robinson were 
chosen as speakers on topics at our next Dis- 
trict Sunday School Meeting. — T. A. Robinson, 
Osman, III,, Jan. 4. 

Cerrogordo church met in quarterly council 
on new year's eve. Our elder, J. G. Royer, was 
with u«. The attendance was good and the 
spirit of love was manifest. Several letters of 
membership were granted. Bro. O. F. Cripe 
was elected superintendent of our Sunday 
school. Sister Mary Barnhart was duly in- 
stalled as the helpmate of her husband in the 
ministry. The Sisters' Aid Society was reor- 
ganized and financial aid was given by way of 
encouragement. We have decided to use the 
new Brethren Hymnal in all of our services. — 
E?n?na Wheeler, Jan. 4. 

Baugo. — Eld. Daniel Wysong commenced 
meetings for us Dec. 29, in Wakarusa, and 
closed last evening. One was added to the 
church by baptism. During these meetings 
three deaths occurred in the town, two of them 
being very sudden,— Christian Metzler, Waka- 
rusa, Ind,, Jan. o. 

Ft. Wayne — Bro. L. H. Eby, formerly lo- 
cated at Mound City, Mo., has arrived with his 
family to take charge of the work here. We 
welcome our brother and family. Bro. Jacob 
Ahner, who has been laboring with us, will 
still remain with us-Ww, Eger,Jan,n, 

Goshen — Bro. J. A. Parish came to us Dec, 
28 and preached in the evening and held two 
services each day. New Year's day we had 
services with old Brother and Sister Sines, 
both being very old and afflicted. He closed 
Sunday evening, Jan. 5. The church was 
greatly revived. One was baptized, four re- 
claimed and three applicants.— AT. A. Nelh- 
ken, Alexander, W. Va,Jan. to. 

Laporte.— Bro. S. N. Eversole, of Plymouth, 
Ind., has been with us for the past two weeks, 
holding forth the Gospel in sixteen able sermons. 
Much interest was taken in the children. 
Each evening he addressed himself to them 
for about ten minutes. The members were 
much encouraged.— Susie Merchantman. 7, 

Laporte church met in regular council Jan. 
4. One letter was received, that of Eld. Archi- 
bald VanDyke. Bro. S. N. Everaole, of Ply- 
mouth, Ind., has been preaching for usthe last 
two weeks. The brethren are greatly encour- 
aged.— R.J, Shreve, Buchanan, Mich., Jan, 6. 

Mexico.— I see you have wife and me in 
Glendora, Cal., having a good time; but strange 
to us we cannot realize it that way. We only 
wish we could. Before the death of Bro. 

Speicher we were called to carry on the work 
at Mexico, and will have to remain until some 
one can be found to take the charge. Any 
business intended for the superintendent of the 
Old Folks' and Orphans' Home should be ad- 
dressed to Frank Fisher, Mexico, Ind. We 
desire the ministers of Indiana to assist us by 
a co-operation to find good Christian home3 for 
our nice boys and girls, of whom we have sev- 
enty five. — Frank Fisher, Jan. 11. 

Middletown. — Yesterday two precious bouIs 
wanted to come and join us, as a result of Bro. 
Snowberger's labors with us for three weeks. 
These two dear ones are greatly afflicted and 
they do not look as if they would be with us 
long. Bro. Snowberger baptized both. — Flori- 
da J. E, Green, Jan. //. 


Dry Creek Bro. S. B. Miller, of Des 

Moines, commenced a series of song service 
and revival meetings in the Dry Creek church 
Dec. 21 and continued until Jan. 5, preaching 
twenty sermons. Bro. Miller illustrated a 
number of his talks by carefully-prepared 
charts, giving scripture references. A pecul- 
arity of the last service was a song sermon, 
consisting of nine hymns, the numbers of 
which were placed in view of the audience, 
The songs were interspersed by remarks from 

ro, Miller. In all of our services we used the 
new Brethren Hymnal and Hymn Book. — D. 
W. Miller, Robins, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Greene. — We met in quarterly council Jan 
2. Considerable business was disposed of in the 
spirit of love. Two were received by letter. 
We decided to use the new Hymnal. — Louie 
Aura?id,Jan. 6. 

Panther Creek.— Onr singing, conduct- 
ed by Bro. G. B. Holsinger, closed Jan. 6. 
This is the second winter we have had him 
for teacher. Our singing was well attend- 
ed. We also enjoyed several good sermons 
from Bro. A. Kuhleman, of Illinois. — Laura 
Badger, F, R. D„ Box 47, Adel, Iowa, Jan, 0. 

Waterloo church is a part of the South 
Waterloo congregation, but we have six minis- 
isters living in town and four deacons. One of 
the ministers is the elder and two do not preach. 
We have meeting twice every Sunday. The 
interest is growing. Quite a number have 
moved in from the country and other places 
and several others expect to move in. We 
have a good Sunday school of over a hundred. 
The exercises on Christmas were good. A 
treat was given the -scholars. We use the 
quarterlies. We also keep up the prayer meet- 
ng, following the lesson given in the Messen- 
ger. — /. C. Johnson, Jan. g. 


Belleville. — We again rejoice that one more 
has united with the church at this place. Last 
Monday Alpheus Fike made up his mind that 
he could not live out of the church any longer. 
He made his wants known to Bro. C, S, Hol- 
singer, and a few brethren and sisters convened 
at his home the same day, where he was im- 
mersed by Bro. Holsinger.— Louisa J. Wil- 
liams, Jan. 1. 

Burroak.— We met at the church Christmas 
evening, where we spent several hours very 
pleasantly. Both old and young toolt part in 
the exercises. On the Saturday following was 
ur quarterly council. Two letters were re- 
ceived and two granted. The day following 
we elected our Sunday-school officers for the 
next six months. Bro, John Ernst was re-elect- 
ed superintendent; Bro. David Blocher as- 
sistant. — EtnmaJ, Modlin, Dec. 31. 

Monitor church met in quarterly council 
Jan. 4 with Eld. A. F. Miller, of Booth, presid- 
ing. The church was well represented. All 
business was disposed of in a Christian spirit. 
~lro. J, J. Yoder was chosen as presiding elder 
for the ensuing year. Since last reported two 
have been added to the church hy letter. — Sar- 
h Ulrey Eller,Jan. 6. 

Newton. — Bro. Geo. Manon, of Gypsum 
City, cam? to this place Dec. 16 and began a 
series of meetings, which continued until Dec. 
29. He preached sixteen well-prepared ser- 
mons. — L. M. Wales, Sedgwick, Kans., Jan. 7. 

- Ozawkle — Bro. Wm. Tigner, of Knox, N. 
Dak., came to us to visit a few weeks and 
preach for us. He gave us a short series of 
meetings, which were very much appreciated. — 
H, L. Brammel, Jan, 7. 

Morrill.— A husband and wife, al=o a young 
man came forward l^st night. The tracts I 
sent for were for the husband and wife. God 
bless the little silent tracts. Bro, Young is 

preaching. Two young lambs were baptized 
last Sunday God's children are fasting and 
praying. We have been making melody in 
our hearts since we have the new book. Bro. 
Frank McCune is with us for a few days. His 
help is greatly appreciated. I must start out 
to-day with more tracts. The meetings will 
continue indefinitely. — Salvia Kimmel.Jan.j, 

Wichita.— Bro. E. K. Masterson, of Arkansas 
City, was with us Dec. 28 and preached that 
evening and twice on Sunday. His sermons 
were well received. We then continued our 
meetings each evening until last night, Jan. 7, 
our elder, Wm. Johnson, preaching. One 
precious soul, the writer's only son, came out 
on the Lord's side and was baptized last Sun- 
day. We are much built up. Bro. John Wise 
has preached a few times for us. He is stop- 
ping in the city to have bis eyes treated. He 
thinks his eyes are improving. Bro, J. R. 
Henricks and family, of Decatur, 111., have 
lately moved into our congregation. Bro. 
Henricks is a deacon. We expect to have a 
singing school in the near future, using the 
new Hymnal. — Susie Jacques, 1708 Wall Ave,, 
Jan. 8. 


Chippewa Creek — We are in the midst of an 
interesting series nf meetings conducted by Bro. 
J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa. Bro. Mohler 
came here Dec. 31. We held our regularquar- 
terly council Jan. 4. All work passed off quiet- 
ly. We expect our meetings to continue at 
least one week longer, We have no resident 
minister. We hope the day is not far distant 
when we can have a residentministerand regu- 
lar services.— W. F. Jehnzen, Rodney, Mich., 
Jan. 6. 


Worthington.— The Sisters' Mission Band 
of the Worthington church elected officers for 
the first six months of 1002. Martha Keller, 
president, Dora Fixmer secretary. A commit- 
tee was appointed to canvass our home town 
to find the poor that needed help. The money 
that we do not use at home is sent to other mis- 
sions. 0"r work has been varied. Whatever 
our hands have found to do, that have we 
done. Making comforters, quilts, caps and 
sewing carpet rags ha3 been our main employ- 
ment. We meet twice a month. When we do 
a day's work for anyone we charge seventy -five 
cents. Half a day's work forty cents. We 
have always had work ahead, During 1901 
the Mission Band has taken in S32.94. Have 
paid out $18.71. Balance on hand, S14.73. — 

Dora E. Fixmer, Jan. 8. 

Fairview. — Jan. 3 closed our aeries of meet- 
ings, conducted by our home minister, Bro. J. 
B. Hylton. He preached twenty-two soul- 
cheering sermons. He had a short season of 
prayer services by the brethren and sisters be- 
fore each sermon. Three came out and put on 
Christ by baptism. — Lizena Hylton, Olathe, 
Mo., Jan. 6. 

Nevada. — We met in quarterly council 
Jan, 4, Eld. Isaac N. Wagoner presiding. 
All -pleasantly disposed of. Next day (Sun- 
day) we met and reorganized our Sun- 
day school for the present year; Eld. Isaac 
Wagoner superintendent, James Brower assist- 
ant. Our Sunday school is evergreen, — D, D. 
Wine, Box 32, Jan. q. 

A Request.— Brother and Sister T. F. Wood 
have obtained letters of membership here and 
are living at Globe, Sullivan Co., Tenn., about 
forty miles north of Nashville. If there are any 
Brethren near, will they please communicate 
with them? — D. D, Wine, Nevada, Mo., Jan. o. 

Prairie View.— We met in quarterly coun- 
cil Jan. 5. Considerable business was disposed 
of in a Christian manner. We organized our 
Sunday school for the coming year. Bro. 
Robert Lingle is our superintendent and Bro. 
N. S. Goodman assistant. We use the Breth- 
ren's Quarterlies, also Children at Work. 
We had services Christmas day. One letter 
has been granted since our last report. — Alice 
L, Lehman, Fortuna, Mo„Jan. 6. 


Octavia church met in regular council Jan. 
4. All business was disposed of in a very 
pleasant way. We decided to hold a series of 
meetings at one of our mission points, known 
as District No, 10, and also at this place. Bro. 
David Wine was elected as our superintendent. 
We expect a visit from our State superintend- 
ent Feb. 4, when we expect to hold a Sunday- 
school meeting.— John O. Sireeter.Jan.6. 


Jan. i8, 1902 


Carrlngton church met in regular quarterly 
council Jan. 5, Eld. David Niccum presiding. 
All business was disposed of in a pleasant 
manner. At the close of the meeting it was 
unanimously agreed to hold a love feast Jan. 
16. A prayer meeting was also organized, with 
Bro. John Night foreman. North Dakota has 
been enjoying most beautiful winter weather 
for some time. — Wm. H. Lichty, Barlow, N. 
Dak., Jan. 7. 

Des Lacs Valley.— We met in regular quar- 
terly council Jan. 4. All business was pleas 
antly adjusted. Some territory formerly be- 
longing to Bowbell church was added to our 
church, and eight members living in above- 
named territory added to our number. We 
decided to use the Brethren Hymnal, also to 
organize a Brethren Sunday school April r. 
Church officers were elected for coming year. 
Owing to smallpox in Kenmare all public 
gatherings 'have been closed for the time be- 
ing. Eld. J. A. Weaver, of the Bowbells 
church, is confined to his room from the effects 
of an operation, so they have no services there 
this winter. We hope we may soon have the 
privilege of meeting in worship again. — A. W. 
Hawbaker, Kenmare, N. Dak,, Jan. 4. 

Rocklake. — Considerable business came be 
fore our last council. We elected a new local 
mission board of five members: brethren A. B. 
Puterbaugh and R. M. Shook in the south end 
of the district, and F. E. Brunaice, C. E. Wells 
and A. Blough in the north. They have or- 
ganized and elected Bro. Puterbaugh president. 
They have also selected brethren Puterbaugh 
and Wells as solicitors for this fund. They 
are going to see that every family of members 
and those that are favorable toward the Breth- 
ren read the Messenger, — A. M. Sharp, Can- 
do, N. Dak., Jan. 7. 

Surrey church met in quarterly council 
Dec. 28. Considerable business was transacted 
pleasantly. The church unanimously adopted 
the new Hymnal. The writer, being corre- 
spondent, was appointed church agent for the 
Messenger. Two members were received by 
letter. One was baptized the day before the 
council yesterday. We closed the last quarter 
of Sunday school with an average attendance 
of thirty-six. Eld. A. W. Hawbaker remained 
with us from Christmas till last night and 
preached six sermons. — Henry Fronts. Dec, 


Ashland. — I met with the brethren and sis- 
ters of the Ashland church and began meetings 
Dec. 4 in their Oak Grove house; preached 
eight sermons. Then meetings were moved to 
their Dickey house, with a desire to continue 
longer. We could not remain longer than one 
week. Here I preached eight sermons. — Reu- 
ben Shroyer, S. W, R. D„ Canton, Ohio, Jan. 

Tuscarawas.— We have been able to con- 
tinue our Sunday school through the entire 
year of 1900 and 1901. Recently one young 
man requested membership at one of our regu- 
lar appointments. We administered baptism. 
Dec, 16 Bro. A. I. Heestand, of Rittman, began 
a series of meetings in what is known as the 
Zion house. Our meetings closed on Christ- 
mas eve. Bro. Heestand was wanted at home. 
We held an election for a minister last June. 
Bro. Howard Helman was called to the work 
and installed. More ministers and elders is 
the need of Northeastern Ohio, — Reuben Shroy- 
er, Canton, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Newton church met in council Dec. 5. It 
was decided to purchase a supply of Hymnals 
and have a singing institute conducted by W, 
H. Gerber, of Ashland, Ohio. We find the 
Hymnal brimful of good music. Dec, 24 we 
began a series of meetings with Bro. J, Q. Hel- 
man, of Union City, Ind., closing Jan. 5. Dur- 
ing the year 1901 we received twenty members 
by baptism, sixteen of whom came from the 
Sunday-school ranks.— D. D. Wine, Covington, 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

North Star.— Our aeries of meetings, last- 
ing three weeks, held by Bro. Wm. Guthrie, of 
Herring, Ohio, has just closed, Four came 
out on the Lord's side. The members were 
much encouraged. Our Sunday school closed 
for the winter. — Mrs. Emma Groff, Jan. 4, 

Oakland. — Bro. J. M. Stover began a series 
of meetings Dec. 25 and continued till Jan. 8. 
The attendance was very good. We expect 
Bro. E, S, Young to be with us Jan. 23 to con- 
duct another Bible school. — Anna Witwer, 
Bradford, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

the goskel :M:Ess:Ensrc3-:E]:R,. 


Pleasant Hill — Bro. G. A. Snider com- 
menced a serips of meetings Dec. 14 and con- 
tinued until Dec. 29. The members were 
greatly encouraged and one dear young sister 
was received into the church by baptism.— El- 
la Keith, Maplewo^d, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Springfield.— At present I am assisting the 
brethren and sisters of the Sprinefield church 
in a series of meetings. I have been here one 
week and will continue one week longer. Yes- 
terday three precious souls were willing to con- 
secrate themselves to Christ's service and were 
baptized. From here I go to the Logan 
church, Ohio.— Reuben Shroyer, S. W. R. D„ 
Cantofi, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Wooster. — Bro. Simon Garber, of Fremont, 
Ohio, began a aeries of meetings at the Foun- 
tain Hill church Nov. 16 and closed Dec, 2. 
Three precious souls were brought to Christ 
and were baptized. We are going to have an- 
other series of meetings in the near future, at 
the Paradise house. — Maria Runkle, Weilers 
ville, Ohio, Jan. 7. 


Harrison. — We are located six miles south 
west of Harrison, and eight miles east of 
Hobart, in the new country, eight miles north 
of the mountains. There are five members li 
ing here, If there are any members li 
ing close we would like to have them write to 
us or come and see u3. Anyone wishing to get 
cheap homesteads would do well to come and 
see this country. —David H. Rench, Dec. 22. 

Hound Valley.— Dec. 15 we began a series 
of meetings and closed Dec. 29. Brethren 
Gripe and Orren did the preaching. The 
members were built up.— W. B. Gish, Thomas 


Big Swatara.— We closed our meetings at 
Hanoverdale Dec. 28. Dec. 14 Bro. S, S. 
Beaver, of McAlisterville, came to us and held 
forth the Word for two weeks. He then had to 
go to other fields of labor. Four precious souls 
confessed Christ. — A. J. Shape, Harrisbwg, 
Pa, Jan. 6. 

Creole.— Bro. Levi S. Mohler, of Dillsburg. 
Pa., came to us Dec. 14 and preached in the 
Meiaenhelter'a achoolhouse till Dec. 22. — O. 
M. Brodbeck, Jan. 8. 

Dry Valley congregation met in quarterly 
council Dec. 28. Considerable business came 
before the meeting, all of which was ably dis 
posed of. Our elder, S. J, Swigarf, could not 
be with us; so Eld. Andrew Spanogle filled the 
vacancy. Two sisters were received by letter. 
The Lewistown Sunday school elected officers 
the last of the year in place of the last of the 
next' quarter. Bro. H. A Spanogle was re- 
elected superintendent. Our Sunday school 
seems to continue to do good work. Dec. 22 
we had Christmas exercises for the children. 
Our preaching services in the Lewistown 
church are still continued e^ery Sunday even 
ing after Bible services.— Rhoda A. Yeatter, 
Lewistown, Pa,, Jan. 3. 

Dunnlngs Creek. — At our council meeting 
prior to our love feast Bro. Levi Rodgers was 
advanced to the eldership and Bro. Geo. H. 
Miller to the second degree o( the ministry. 
We now have two elders, one brother in the 
second degree of the ministry and two in the 
first degree. The Ministerial Meeting of the 
Western District of Pennsylvania was held 
here, Oct. 22 and 23. The attendance was not 
so large, but it was a good meeting. Our love 
feast was held Dec. 27. We had a very enjoy- 
able time. During the past year seven of our 
faithful members departed this life; seven 
were received by baptism and six by letter. 
Future prospects are promising. — O. S. Corle, 
New Paris, Pa., Jan. 6, 

Qermantown.— Three more were received 
into the church by baptism a week ago. We 
enter upon the new year gratefully and hope- 
fully,— T. T.Myers, Jan. 3. 

Johnstown. — Our regular quarterly council 
was held Dec. 26 in the Conemaugh church- 
house. Eld. David Hildehrand presided. Ev- 
erything passed off pleasantly. There were 
brethren and sisters elected to serve for the 
coming year. — L. R. Brallier, Q28 Bedjord St., 
Jan. 6. 

Little Swatara. — Jan. 2 closed an interest- 
ing series of meetings held at Freystown, con- 
ducted by Bro. Jacob Pfoutz, of FarmersviHe, 
Pa. The meeting opened Dec, 7. Thirty-two 
soul-cheering sermons were delivered. Twelve 
precious souls were added to the church by 

baptism— .£?. M. Wenger, Fredericksburg, Pa., 
Jan. 6. 

Lower Cumberland.— o u r series of meet- 
ings, held at Boiling Springs, commencing 
Nov, 23, conducted by Eld. Joseph Long, of 
York, Pa., has closed. Eighteen soul-cheering 
sermons were preached. Five precious souls 
were received by baptism.— A. M. /Zollinger, 
Allen, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Norristown — The regular quarterly council 
was held Jan. 6. The church asked for a series 
of meetings. One member was received by 
letter. It was decided to hold a love feast 
Feb. 23 at 4 P. M.— Carrie W. Ellis, /an. 8. 

Schuylkill.— Our series of meetings com- 
menced Dec. 14 and continued until Dec. 29. 
Bro. E. M. Wenger, of Fredericksburg, Pa., 
preached. Five precious souls were added to 
the fold, two reclaimed and three by baptism 
Our next series of meetings will commence 
Jan. 17. We expect Bro. A. Adam Shope, of 
Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, to preach here, 
Our church council met Dec. 21. All business 
was transacted in a Christian manner, Elders 
present were J. H. Longanecker, J. H. Witmer 
and J. W. Meyer. On account of the decease 
of our elder, John Hemler, the church had a 
choice for an elder. The lot fell upon J. W, 
Meyer, of Fredericksburg, Pa.— D. C. Kuts, 
DeTurksville, Pa. Jan. 8, 

Upper Cumberland church hag in the past 
few months laid in the grave six of her mem- 
bers. In the last few weekB fifteen precious 
souls have put on Christ in baptism, one sister 
sixty years old, fourteen young girls, — the re- 
sult of three series of meetings, two held by 
Bro. Stahl, of Glade, Pa., one by Bro. Albert 
Hollinger, of Washington, D. C.—J. E. Hoi- 
linger, Mooredale, Pa., Jan. 6, 


New Hope.— We are now in the midst of an 
excellent series of meetings, I contemplate 
remaining in the State until sometime in 
March. Two have made the good confession. 
— C. P. Rowland, Jonesboro, Tenn.,jan. 8. 

Pleasant Hill. Dec. 7 we began a series of 
meetings and closed Dec. 14. Kro. Andrew J. 
Vines, of J>>hiiBon City, Tenn,. did most of the 
preaching. Five precious souls were added lo 
the church by baptism. The members were 
greatly revived.— Noah B. Sherfy, Blountville, 
Tenn., Jan 3. 


Pleasant Valley Bro. J. Z. Gilbert, of 

Daleville, Va., held a Bible school for us, be 
ginning Dec. 21 with preaching, Bible lessonB 
heginning on Monday following. The meet' 
ings were full of interest, One came out on the 
Lord's side. The meetings cl'^ed Dec 29- 
Michael Reed, Duncans. Va.. Jan. 4. 

Sangerville. Bro. Caleb Long, of Boons- 
born, Md., he'd a meeting at Emmanuel church, 
in the Sangerville congregation, beginning Dec. 
2 and closing Dec. 17. AH have been built up 
Bro. Good, of Rridgewater College, gave a talk 
to the Sunday school to-day, We alsore elect 
ed our superintendents. We have an ever- 
green Sunday school. Our average attendance 
for the year was forty-six.— Emma F. Milter, 
Jan. 5. 

Valley Bethel.— We had services Christmas 
day by the brethren; also on Thanksgiving 
day. Our Rible class is progressing nicely, 
Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Vn.,Jan.j. 


North Yakima. — The members at this place 
met Jan. 1 at the home of Brother and Sister 
Stiverson for the purpose of organizing a 
church. Elders S. H. Miller and D. B. Eby, 
of Sunnyside, were with us. We organized 
with seventeen members. The following offi- 
cers were elected: Bro. George Wise, presiding 
elder; Bro. Robert Wise, clerk; Bro. Harter, 
treasurer; Sister Harter, solicitor; Leonora 
Yates, correspondent. Brethren Stiverson, 
Wise and Harter were appointed on building 
committee to repair and fix up the old Congre- 
gational church, which we have bargained fi 
We expect to hold a love feast when it is ready 
to dedicate, We decided to name this the 
North Yakima church. Any brethren wanting 
to change locations would do well to visit this 
beautiful valley. — Leonora Yates, Jan. 3. 

Spokane church was made to rejoice on Dec 
30 when we were permitted to lead down into 
the water a young man and wife and her sister. 
— - J. Harman Stover, Waverly, Wash.. Box ig, 
Jan. 2. 


Maple Spring.— Dec. 25 we began a series 
of meetings, conducted by our home ministers, 
nd continued until Jan. 3, One precious soul 
/as received by baptism. Jan. 4 we met for 
Sundav-school meeting. Sunday morning we 
had Sunday school and preaching by Eld. Aar- 
on Fike; in the evening song service.— Cera R. 
FO-e, Eglon, W. Va., /an. 6. 

nt. Carmel.— We closed our meeting last 
evening with two applicants to be reinstated 
next Sunday. All the old subscribers except 
one in the home congregation and also the 
Cheat River congregation have renewed their 
subscription to the C.ospki. Messenger and 
six new ones, making a total sent in by myself 
of forty-two subscribers.— Emra T, Fike, Eg- 
lon, W. Va„Jan. f. 

Salem church met in quarterly council Jan. 
4, Our elder, Jeremiah Thomas, presided. 
Eld. Joseph Guthrie was with us. The church 
made a resolution to do more for the cause of 
missions. Our home ministers have decided to 
preach a missionary sermon at each of our 
meeting places. We have preaching services 
twice a month and social meeting or song serv- 
ice everv second Sunday.— Jos. W. Wolfe, 
Clijton Mills, W. Va„Jatt. 6. 


" Writu what tliou steal, and send It 
unto the churches," 

Deaths for 1901. 

The deaths as reported in the Mrsskngrr 
for 1901 are an follows: 



West VlrRlnia, 
Norlh Dakota, .. 





Wash Iiir ton, D. 


I a 

Kansas, . 


I)V Mt 



... 194 

... 83 
■■■ SS 

Oct ber. ., 


.... 71 


There were thirty-six in number that did not 
give the Stale, which would he a total of 1,181. 
Makv C. Redman. 
NamPa, Idaho 

Northwest Baltimore Mission Notes. 

— During November and December the 
Home Mission Fund Committee received 
£55.70 for the Baltimore City church lot and 

— We thank and praise God for the many 
donations sent us during the past year, and we 
ask God richly to reward every donor to our 

— 1901 closed with a better and brighter rec- 
ord for our mission here than it has enjoyed 
for some time. 

—Sixty-eight each Sunday was the average 
attendance in our Sunday school, Total col- 
lections, S96.42; $28.78 of which was missionary 

— Our Bible class did not slack in its work, 
convening regularly each week, except once on 
children's day in the park. Total collections 
in Bible class fund (out of which hall rent, etc., 
arc paid) amounted to $117.71. 

—Fifty sermons were preached by sixteen 
different ministering Brethren during the year. 

— Sister Dove L. Sauble's efforts have been 
very encouraging to the mission and especially 
since we moved into a larger hall. 

— Already our new large hall has proven in- 
adequate to our needs, as a number could not be 
accommodated on Saturday evening, Dec. 28, 
at our Sunday-school Christmas service, and 
it was a rainy night too. J. S. Geiser. 

1607 Edmondson Ave., 

Baltimore, Md.Jan. 7. 

4 6 


Jan. 18, 1902 

From the Pleasant Hill Church, III. 

Dec. 2 Eld. Geo. Zollera commenced preach- 
ing in our country house and continued each 
evening until Dec. 22. Twelve were made 
willing to embrace Christ; moat all young in 
years; also one was reclaimed. Dec. 20 was 
our feast, which was well attended, although it 
was fourteen degrees below zero that morning. 
It was one of unusual enjoyment for many. 
Eld. I. H. Crist, of Kansas City, Kans., officiat- 

Saturday we bad an interesting children's 
meeting, followed with interesting sermons by 
elders Crist and Zollers. Sunday morning 
closed our services in the country with good in- 
terest. Bro. Zollers gave a few sermons in 
Girard to the edification of all. Eld. Crist and 
Eld. I, S. Brubaker, of McPherson, Kans., also 
assisted in Girard and continued until Dec. 29, 
Bro. Zollers leaving Dec 25. 

Dec. 26 elders Crist and Brubaker, Bro. J. P. 
Vaniman and their companions, brethren D. 
C. Vaniman and A. B. Gibbel and companions, 
of Virden, 111., and the writer met in the pa- 
rental home (Bro. Jonathan Brubaker's) for the 
purpose of having a family reunion. The par- 
ticipants spent the time reviewing the past and 
in song and prayer. We met once more 
around one common festive board, as in former 
days. There was joy and sorrow; as this will 
likely be our last meeting in this manner. But 
since all are members of Christ's family, we 
hope for an everlasting reunion in the ethereal 
clime. Mary A. Brubaker. 

Virden, III., Dec. 30. 

Fellowship with Jesus. 

To Sister Katie C. Guth, of Reading, Pa. 

Beloved in Jesus: — I wish you a happy 
new year in him. 

Your precious letter is here. I would like to 
make my reply as condensed and comprehen- 
sive as possible. I am writing on my bed, too 
weak and nervous to write much at a time, 

You wonder whv so many professing Chris- 
tians, even of our nwn members, fall away, if 
no one can pluck them out of the hand of God, 
John 10: 28, 29. 

All the devils in hell are not strong enough to 
pluck a soul out of the grasp of omnipotence. 
But we can go out voluntarily. God retains no 
child against our own will. No one is lost but 
by his own choice. As with Adam and Eve, so 
with us all. The father of lies can never suc- 
ceed unless we listen to his seducive logic. 
Gen. 3:4, 5. 

Christ could bear no stronger testimony to 
his fidelity to his Father than by voluntarily 
dying on the cross to save sinners John 10: 
17, 18. Without this his death would have 
been worthless. The same is true of the apos- 
tles, You wonder why they had to endure 
such cruel deaths. If they want to be like 
their Master, they must be willing to suffer, 
even unto death, for his sake. Matt. 10: 24, 25. 
Oh, what a shame that we are so ready to 
shrink and fail when we are called to suffer 
only a little for Jesus' sake! We should glory 
in the cross. 2 Cor. 12:9,10. "God is light 
and in him is no darkness at all." " If we walk 
in the light as he is in the light," then have we 
true fellowship with Jesus and all his followers. 
1 John 1:5, 7; Matt. 5:16. "I and my Father 
are one." John 10: 30. This is the open secret 
of John 14:9, 10, 11. Our life is a challenge to 
an ungodly world— he that hath seen me hath 
seen Christ. 

God bless you and make Reading luminous 
with your reflection of i Pet. 1:15, 16. May 
our whole life be an unbroken expression of 
Matt. 6: 9, 10. C H. Balsbaugh. 

Union Deposit, Pa. 

My dear colaborers i» word and doctrine, 
who have a good time because you are doing 
but little, mainly because you are situated 
where you can do nothing, and my dear breth- 
ren and siBters, those of you who are living in 
large and old congregations, and living in spir- 
itual ease, could you see the terrible struggle 
of the poor missionary in this country and see 
his great need of help in this work, you surely 
could not rest until you would be down here 
helping in the great work of salvation. 

We are located on the great Piedmont slope 
of the Appalachian range, extending to the 
ocean, with a gradual slope; thickly settled with 
the best class of people in the entire South; a 
fine country in which to live and do missionary 
work, and we would like to advertise for Jesus 
Christ and for his people to build up churches 
n just half as much space as some worldly pa> 
pers are advertised for money; but all we say 
is that if vou want to know about this country, 
aside from that which urges me to write, corre- 
spond with elders Geo. Branscom, N. B. Christ- 
ner, Samuel Jones, or J. J. Wassam, of Melvin 
Hill, N. C. Just enclose stamps, for they have 
burdens enough to bear. They need your help 
and will be glad to answer all your questions, 
And whoever comes to this country for Christ's 
sake will never regret it. While those who 
come only from a carnal, selfish, worldly stand- 
point may do well in their way, yet if they be 
members of the church they are neither needed 
nor wanted. 

I will say this much: It is a burning shame 
that we have so few churches in this grand, 
good country, while so many preachers are 
crowded together in many places, and so 
many are waiting to be paid well before they 
will go out, and that class are not needed here, 
and I do n't think they are wanted. Let JesuB 
Christ and his cause be the great cause that 
shall move us out, then if we lack food and 
raiment we should be ministered to. 

We are here laying the foundation of gospel 
truth by teaching as carefully as we can in our 
life and manner of instruction. This congrega- 
tion is scattered over a large section of coun- 
try, and whether we shall be able to visit each 
neighborhood of members before we live I 
cannot say; but so far as my own feelings are 
concerned I can 't say that I want to leave here 
as long as I am able to preach. We beg an in- 
terest in the prayers of the faithful, 


Malvern Hill, N, C. 

The Great South. 

We are in the midst of one of the greatest 
and most important missionary fields in the 
United States. 

1. Because of its size and the many people 
who need to be helped; and the needs are as 
pressing upon the part of the white people as 
upon the part of the blacks. I speak more par- 
ticularly of the rural districts. Day-school 
teachers are needed, Sunday-school teachers, 
preachers and farmers. The people need les- 
sons in farming as much as in anything else, 
and they ask for them in religion as well as in 

2. Because now is the open door to the South 
for both black and white. 

From Southern Illinois. 

I can speak only in the highest respect of 
the Gospel Messenger in its present dress, 
and especially of its contents, which my family 
and I enjoy, each weekly visit the best. In my 
work among the churches when the time comes 
for the visit each week I earnestly long for the 
time to come. I am sorry that sometimes it is 
not taken by those with whom we make our 
home. I go from home to home till I find it, 
I am now in the Oakley church, 111., holding 
meetings in the town of Oakley. Crowds and 
interest good. M. Flory, 

Girard, III. 

"What therefore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder." 

CRIST — CONN. — At the home of the 
groom's parents, Kansas City, Kans., R. 
Crist and Daisy D, Conn, both of Gardner, 
Kans. E. D. Root. 

HOUCK-BARKDOLL.— At th** home of 
the bride's parents, Warrenhurst, 111., Jan, 1, 
1902, by the undersigned, assisted by Bro. Cal- 
vin McNelly, Bro. W. H. Houck, of Batavia, 
111., and Sister Carrie Barkdoll. 

W, R. Miller. 

KNEPPER— SPEICHER, — At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, near Sipesville, 
Pa., Nov. 26, 1901, Edmund B. Knepper, of Jef- 
ferson township, and Sadie Speicher, of Lin- 
coln township. Silas Hoover, 

of the bride's parents, near Crown, Decatur 
Co., Iowa, Jan. 1, 1902, by the writer, Mr. Glen- 
more Petticord and Miss Eleanor £. Duffield, 
all of this County. L. M, KOB. 

STROHM— GIBBS.— At the home of the 
bride's uncle, Lawrence Kemp, near Harlan, 
Iowa, Dec. 24, 1901, by O. W. Leavell, Bro. J. 
W. Strohm and Miss Louella Gibbs, both of this 
place. Myrta Leavell. 

UNGER— MORGAL.— By the undersigned, 
at his residence, at Shady Grove, Pa., Dec. 31, 
1901, Mr. J. Calvin Unger and Miss Bertha 
May Morgal, both of Shady Grove, Pa. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 

What is the flatter? 

Why must the Eastern District of Pennsyl- 
vania go a-begging for a place for the District 
Meeting? No application yet. At last District 
Meeting the delegates were instructed to re- 
port to the clerk. At the special District 
Meeting in July they were again reminded that 
there was no application- for it. At the Minis- 
terial Meeting in October it was again said 
that there was no place. The clerk has been 
written to by the moderator, and he now takes 
this medium to inform the District of the state 
of affairs. 

For years it was understood that the meet- 
ing should be alternately east and west of 
Reading. Now it was two years west of Read- 
ing. What church east of Reading has love 
and zeal enough for the Master's cause to call 
for it? In the meantime let no church west of 
Reading be slack in calling for it, There is 
no time to lose. The time of meeting is three 
weeks before Ascension day, Write to the 
clerk - Geo. Bucher, Clerk, 

Mechanic Grove, Pa. 

The law of nature is that a certain quantity 
of work is necessary to produce a certain quan- 
tity of good of any kind whatever. 1( you 

want knowledge you must toil for it, if food I the year 1866. To this union was born one 
you must toil for it, and if pleasure you must daughter. She leaves one daughter, two sis- 
toil for W.-Ruskin. | ters aod tw0 brolher9i Services at the brick 


"Blessed are the dead which die Id the Lord." 

ARNOLD, Bro. Jacob F„ died Dec. 9, 1901, 
at St. Luke's Hospital, Leadville, Colo., of pneu- 
monia, aged 22 years, 2 months and 25 days. 
Interment in Mineral Creek cemetery near 
Leeton, Mo. He was the son of D. T. and B. C, 
Arnold. He united with the Brethren about 
two years ago. Services by the Brethren. 

C. A. Lentz. 
BOWMAN, Samuel, died Dec. 18, 1901, in 
the Bear Creek church, Ohio, aged 67 years 
and 27 days. He was the fourth son of John 
and Elizabeth Bowman, in a family of nine 
children. Three brothers and an only sister 
lurvive him. Services at the Diamond Mill 
church. D, M. Garver. 

BOWSER, Lillie I., died Oct, 19, 1901, aged 
3 years, 1 month and 14 days, and Martha A„ 
died Oct, 28, 1901, aged 7 years, 9 months and 
11 days. Both died of diphtheria. They are 
the daughters of the writer, and companion 
Elizabeth, near East Berlin, Pa. Services were 
held at Mummert's meetinghouse (the place of 
burial) by brethren S. H. Hertzler, C. L. and D. 
H, Baker from Matt. 18:3. 

Andrew Bowser. 
BRINDLE, Sister Rebecca, wife of friend 
Jesse Brindle, died Dec. 16, 1901, in the Lower 
Cumberland congregation, Pa,, aged 49 years, 
11 months and 21 days. A husband, two sons 
and one daughter remain. Services at the 
Baker meetinghouse by the writer. Interment 
in the burying ground at that place, Text, 
John 14: 1. Daniel Landis. 

CARTRIGHT, Mary Jane, died Dec. 19, 
1901, at Bickelton, Washington, aged 74 years, 
8 months and 4 days. She was a member of 
the Baptist church. She was buried in the 
Marcola cemetery. Services by the writer 
from Rev. 14: 13. J. Abraham Royer, 

CLOVIS, Nancy Ann, wife of Leroy Clovis 
and daughter of Bro. Jacob H. and Sister 
Susanna Root, died Dec. 11, igoi, at Hoyle, 
Okla. T., aged 42 years, 6 months and 6 days. 
Services by Bro. A. J. Smith from Isa. 38:1. 
Interment in the Brethren's cemetery. 

Emanuel J. Smith. 
DAY, David, died Nov. 21, 1901, near Aspers 
Station, Pa., aged 79 years, 8 months and 18 
days. Services by Bro. D. H. Baker in the U. 
B. church. Andrew Bowser. 

FISHER, Sister Lizzie, nee Arty, died Jan. 
1,1902, aged S3 years, 2 months and 5 days. 
Her home was near Gravelton, Ind. She died 
at the home of her daughter in Marshall Coun- 
ty, Ind. She was married to Levi Fisher in 

church by Bro. Peter Stuckman from 2 Cor. 5: 
I. Interment in the Union Center cemetery. 
L. D. Ulery. 
GRAHAM, Sister Lizzie, wife of Bro. Edwin 
Graham, died Dec. 19, 1901, in the Conestoga 
congregation, Pa., aged 27 years, g months and 
6 days. She leaves a bereaved husband and 
two sons. Sister Lizzie united with the church 
when young and was a faithful sister. Services 
at the Intercourse church by T. F. Imler from 
Matt. 14: 24 and at the Birdinhand church by I. 
W. Taylor from Matt, 5:8. 

Sallie Pfautz. 
GIPE, Bro. Jacob, died Aug. 16, 1901,-near 
East Berlin, Pa., aged 75 years, 4 months and 
22 days. Services at the Muramert meeting- 
house by Eld. O. V. Long and D. H. Baker. 
Andrew Bowser. 
GREENAWALT, Bro. Martin, died Dec. 28, 
i9or, at bis home in Wakarusa, Ind., aged 42 
years, 3 months and 29 days. He was married 
to Eva A. Honver, May 20, 1882. To this union 
three sons and three daughters were born. Two 
daughters preceded him. A wife, three sons, 
one daughter, an aged father and mother, four 
sisters and one brother are left. Bro. Greena 
wait united with the Brethren church in 1890 
and remained faithful until death. He was 
loved and respected by all who knew him. 
Services by elderB Daniel Wysong and H. M. 
Schwalm. Interment in the Union Center 
graveyard. Lizzie M. Schwalm. 

HAHN, Sister Rebecca, wife of Bro, Joseph L. 
Hahn, died Dec. 13, 1901, aged 65 years, 6 
months and 9 days. She leaves a husband, five 
sons and one daughter. Sister Hahn was a 
faithful member of the Brethren church for 
more than thirty-eight years, When possible 
"e was always found in her place at all the 
church services, though much afflicted in body. 
Services by Bro. J. F. Kahler. 

Ella Weaver, 
HEINY, D. B.,died Nov, 17, 1901, at Carlisle, 
Nebr., aged 84 years, 9 months and 6 days. 
He was born near Clarksville, Ind., Feb. 11, 
1847. His death was caused from ulcers in 
the stomach from which he suffered intense 
agony at times. He united with the church 
about the year 1868, and lived a Christian life 
until death called him away. He leaves a de- 
voted wife and three sons, all members of the 
church, an aged father, two brothers and two 
sisters, Mary Neff. 

HOVATTER, Ruby Octavia, daughter of 
H. B, and Virginia B. Hovatter, died June 
20, 1901, aged 4 years, 7 months and 18 
days. She leaves a father, mother, four broth- 
ers and two sisters. She was a bright little 
girl and will be much missed. Services by 
Bro. Obed Hamstead, Text, Rev, 21:4; 2 
Kings 4: 26. Dora Lindsey. 

HOFFMAN, Bro. Philip A., died Oct. 6, 
1901, in the Brothersvalley church, Somerset 
Co., Pa., aged 48 years, 2 months and 19 days. 
Services by the Brethren. Emma Walker, 

HUGHS, James, husband of Sister Jane 
Hughs, of Ft. Wayne, Ind., died Jan. 1, 1902, 
aged 58 years, 9 months and 25 days. He 
dropped dead on the street from heart trouble. 
He was born March 26, 1843, 'n Maryann 
township, Lincoln County, Ohio. He died in 
full faith of the Brethren church, although not 
an active member. Three sons and three 
daughters were born to him. The oldest son 
preceded his father. Services by the writer 
from Job 14: 15, first clause. J. Ahner. 

KAUFMAN, Bro. Daniel, died Dec. 19, 
1901, at the home of his daughter, Sister 
Schroepple, in the Arnold's Grove congrega- 
tion, Carr.dl Co, 111., aged 81 years and 4 
months, He was born in Wittenberg, Ger- 
many. He leaves four sons and two daugh- 
ters. Services by the writer from 2 Cor. 5: 1. 
W. H, Eisenbise. 

LEAS, Sylvester C, died Dec. 8, 1901, in 
East Berlin, Pa., aged 19 years, 8 months and 
16 days. Services at the Mummert meeting- 
house by brethren C. L. and D. H. Baker. 

Andrew Bowser. 

MARKHAM, Sister Ellen, died Dec, 26, 
1901, at her home in Wakarusa, Ind,, aged 55 
years, 8 months and 7 days. Deceased was 
born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1846. She died 
without a moment's warning from heart trouble. 
She was married to Horace Markham in 1875. 
To this union were born two sons and two 
daughters. Her husband died in 1886. Her 
four children, two sisters and one brother sur- 

Jan. 18, I9° 2 



vive. For many years she was a consistent 
member of the Brethren church. Services in 
Wakarusa by Eld. Daniel Wysong, and in the 
Wenger church, South Bend, Ind., by Eld. H. 
M. Schwalm. Burial at the Wenger cemetery. 
Lizzie M. Schwalm. 

MCALLISTER, Sister Rebecca, died Dec. 
16, iqoi, at her home in Valley Bethel congre- 
gation, Nebr., aged 61 years. Deceased is sur- 
vived by a husband and six children, She and 
her husband were baptized last July by Bro. 
Miller. Burial services by Bro. Miller. 

Vena S. Bussard. 

MCLAUGHLIN, Philip, died Dec. 16, iqoi, 
in the Nettle Creek church, Hagerstown, 
Ind., aged 80 years, 5 months and 24 days. 
Deceased was born |in Hagerstown, Md., and 
when quite young came with his parents to 
Ohio. In 1865 be was married to Acenith Vin- 
aon Haler, at Greensford, Ind. He was raised 
in the Catholic ehurch and continued in that 
faith until about twenty years ago, when he 
united with the Nettle Creek church and re- 
mained faithful. He leaves a companion. 
Services by the writer, assisted by Eld. Abram 
Bowman from John 14:6. Levi S. Dilling. 

MEDLER, Charles Victor, son of Bentson I. 
and Louisa Medler, died Dec. 27, iqoi, in the 
Lower Twin Creek church, Ohio, aged 12 years, 
2 months and 29 days. He leaves father, moth- 
er, one brother and three sisters. One little 
brother preceded him. Cause of death, acci- 
dental shooting at the hands of his older broth- 
er. Services at the Twin Valley house from 
John 14:2. D.M.Garver. 

MILEM, Mary O., wife of Bro. Wm. Milem 
and daughter of Jerry and Nancy Early, died 
Dec. 13, 1901, aged 55 years, 6 months and 17 
days. She was married to Wm. Milem Sept. 
3, 1868. This union was blessed with two sons 
and four daughters. She united with the Ger- 
man Baptist church in June, 1873, and re- 
mained ever faithful in the service of God. 
Two sons and two daughters have crossed over 
the Jordan of death. She leaves husband and 
two daughters. Services by brethren B. F. 
Petry and Aaron Brubaker. 

D. M. Garver. 

MOSTOLLER, Bro. William L., died Dec. 
30, 1 901, in the bounds of the Brotheravalley 
church, Somerset Co., Pa„ aged 29 years, 11 
months and 5 days. Services in the U. B. 
churchhouse, Shanksville, Pa., by Eld D. H. 
Walker. Emma Walker. 

MOUNT. Sister Aurora F., died March 3 
1901, at the home of her daughter, Sister E. A, 
Bonesteel, in the Garrison church, Iowa, aged 
88 years, 10 months and 6 days. Services by 
the writer. Wm. Long. 

MYERS, Bro. Joel, died Dec. 25, 1901, in the 
Monocacy church, Md., aged 74 years, 1 1 months 
and 15 days. Bro. Myers was held in high es- 
teem by all who knew him. Services at the 
Pipe Creek church by Eld. T, J. Kolb and oth- 
ers from Isa. 35: 10. T, J. Kolb. 

RUPERT, Howard Richard, son of Sister 
Margaret Rupert, died Jan. I, 1902, in Clay 
township, Pa„ aged 18 years, 3 months and 27 
days. He took down his gun to investigate if 
it was in order, put his foot on the hammer, 
and mouth on the muzzle to blow in the barrel. 
His foot slipped, the contents striking his 
head and killing him instantly. He leaves five 
brothers and two sisters. Services by the un- 
dersigned and a young Methodist minister 
from Mark 13:33. John E. Garver. 

SMITH, Margaret Jane, wife of Philip H. 
Smith, died Jan. 1, 1902, at Halls Summit, Cof- 
fey Co., Kans., in the bounds of the Scott Val- 
ley church, aged 57 years, 11 months and 7 
days. She was the mother of six sons and four 
daughters. Of these two daughters and one 
son preceded her. She was a member of the 
M. E. church. Services by the undersigned 
from Rev. 14: '3- John Sherfy. 

STUDEBAKER, Samuel S., son of Abra- 
ham and Elizabeth Studebaker, died Dec. 9, 
1901, in Bethel township, Miami Co., Ohio, 
aged 81 years, 6 months and 17 days. He was 
united in marriage with Nancy Frantz March 
30, 1843. To this union were born sixteen chil- 
dren, thirteen of whom with the aged compan- 
ion, survive. He united with the Brethren 
church in 1848. In 1858 he was elected to the 
office of deacon in which he served faithfully. 
Services at his residence near Tippecanoe 
City, Ohio, by Aaron Frantz, and Amos Hyre, 
of the Old Order Brethren church. 

Bertha M. Snell. 


Here is a Partial List of the Contents 
of the Next tnglenook. 

MYERS, John, died Dec. 15, igoi, in Elk- 
hart Countv, Ind., aged 78 years, 10 months 
and 19 days. He was united in marriage to 
Hester Ann Riley April 5, 1849. To this union 
were born nine children, seven of whom sur- 
vive. Two little sons preceded him. Bro, 
Myers was a member of the Brethren church 
for forty-one years. He served as a deac 
thirty-five years. He was a faithful member 
and one among the oldest in this arm of the 
church. He came to Elkhart Co., Ind,, in 
1844. Services by elders I. L. Berkey and S, 
F. Sanger, from Pfla, 116:15. 

R. W. Davenport. 

PENNY, Hiram, died Dec. 24, 1901, at Paint- 
er Creek, Ohio, aged 26 years, 2 months and 10 
days, Services by Mr. Geo. Wright, of the 
Christian church and Eld. Tobias Kreider, of 
the Brethren church. Levi Minnich. 

PETERS, Bro. Frederick, died Nov. 24, 1901, 
in the Astoria church, 111., aged 77 years and 
20 days. He was born in Dauphin County, Pa., 
in 1824, and moved to Illinois in 1877. Services 
in the Astoria church by Bro. D. Hollinger and 
J. C. Demy. Interment in the cemetery near 
by. Mary Rowland, 

REIFSNYDER, Elizabeth, widow of the late 
Rudolph Reifsnyder, died Dec. 28, igoi, at her 
residence near Cedarville, Pa., aged 75 years 
and 21 days. She was for many years a faith 
fill and exemplary member of the Coventry 
Brethren church. Esther B. Kulp. 

SPRECHER, Bro. Benjamin, died Dec. 7, 
1901, at Voganville, within the bounds of the 
Spring Grove church, Pa., aged 75 years, 
months and 9 days. Five daughters and two 
sons survive. Services by the Brethren from 
Ps. 27: 10. Interment at Bareville. 

Mary S. Taylor. 

SQUAIRES, Bro. E. H„ died Dec. 6, loot, 
at his home near Farnhamville, Iowa, aged 57 
years and 2 days, Hp was born in Toledo, 
Ohio. He was married Sept. 13, 1868, to 
Martha McLane, at Milo, 111. To them were 
born three sons and three daughters. One son 
preceded him. Bro. Squaires and wife united 
with the Brethren church ten years ago and 
two years after he was chosen to the deacon's 
office, where he served faithfully to the end, 
The cause of Bro. Squaire's death was accumu- 
lation of fat in the region of the heart. On the 
morning of the day of his death he safc up 
awhile, ate a little, laid down and quietly fell 
asleep in Jesus without a struggle. Services 
by Bro. M. Deardorff at the home on Sunday, 
Dec. 8. Interment at Panora. Services at the 
church by Bro. j. L. Myers and the writer. 

J. H. Haughtelin. 

THOMSON, Henry, died Dec. 16, 1901, in 
the Fairview church, Md., after an illness of 
several weeks, aged 81 years and g days. Bro. 
Thomson lived a faithful, devoted Christian 
for about fifty years. He leaves eight chil- 
dren. He leaves a companion with whom he 
lived about a score of years. His quiet, unas- 
suming manner and kind disposition won for 
him the love and esteem of all who knew him. 
Services at the M. E. church by the writer, 
from Rev. 22: 14. I. W. Abernathy. 

WAREHAM, Sister Mary, wife of Samuel 
Warebam, died Dec. 30, iqoi, in the Snake- 
spring church, Bedford Co., Pa., aged 52 years, 8 
months and 1 day. She was afflicted for 
some years. She has been a member of the 
church for about fifteen years. Sister Mary 
leaves a sorrowing husband, one daughter and 
one son. Services by the writer, assisted by 
the Brethren, from Rev. 14: T 3- 

D. S. Clapper 

How Jews Get Married. 

This is an account of the Jewish ceremoni- 
al at a wedding, and it is most interesting 
reading. Their method of uniting people 
is as old as time, almost, yet the average 
Christian knows nothing about it. You 
ought to read this carefully. Show it to 
your nearest Hebrew friend. 


This tells how a locomotive can be made 
in a day. Everybody has seen the mon- 
ster. This tells how it is made. 

The Mafia Society. 

This is the celebrated and infamous Sici 
lian society that has been engaged in so 
many murders. The article tells all about 
The Steamer Stowaway. 

When the moneyless man on the other 
side wants to come to the land of the free 
and the home of the brave he sometimes 
hides on an outgoing vessel. This article 
tells what happens when they get him. 

Hatching Shad. 

In this contribution the ways and means of 
hatching the fish are interestingly told. 

A Queer Business. 

Something we are sure you never heard of 
unless you are a criminal who has jumped 
his bail. 
A Brave Honey Hunter. 

This tells about a girl who makes a busi- 
ness of hunting wild bees- It is full of ad- 
BS^There's the usual run of short articles, 
and the whole magazine is of absorbing inter- 
est and replete with instruction. Are you a 
regular reader of it? 

If not order a copy sent you. One dollar for 
3 whole year. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

Three Very Valuable Books 
For a Library. 

"Touching Incidents and Remarkable An- 
swers to Prayer." 

1 Dying Testimonies of the Saved and the 

"Clod's Financial Plan." 

The titles of these books convey their con- 
tents. To read them is to appreciate them. 
Price, Si.oo, cloth; 35 cents, paper. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, III. 

Mr.World and 
Miss Church" 
Member* a 

WISE, Minnie, daughter of Bro. F. E. and 
and R. A. Wise, died Dec. 28, 1901, in the 
Grenola church, Kans., of diphtheria, aged 15 
years, 7 months and 28 days. W. M. Wise. 

YODER. Sister Mary, wife of Bro. John 
Yoder, died Dec. 28, 1901. in the Spring Run 
congregation, Mifflin Co., Pa., aged 66 years, 
11 months and 26 days. Sister Yoder seemed 
in her usual health. While engaged in her 
household duties she was stricken with paraly- 
sis, becoming unconscious immediately and 
dying some sixty hours later. She leaves hus- 
band and four children. She was devoted to 
her home, her family and her church, having 
united with the church at about the age of six 
teen, and being faithful to the end. Services 
by the ministry of the Spring Run church, as- 
sisted by Eld. Michael Yoder, of the Amish 
church. J.CSwigart, 

Sold in 18 Days 

By Two Brothers in 
Johnstown, Pa 

Do you want to make the same kind of a 

You can if you are made out of the right 
kind of material. 

This book is a powerful allegory, written 
somewhat after the style of "Pilgrim's Prog 
ress," but is in no sense an imitation of it. 

It clearly illustrates how Satan deceives the 
churebmember step by step, and finally gets 
him just where he can use him to his best ad 

You will never regret reading it. Price, only 
$1.00. Write for terms to agents. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
22 and 24 S. State Street. ELGIN, III. I 

The Brethren Hymnal. 

This is the title of the new Hymnal, just 
published by the church. The first edition of 
6,000 has been sold in the first six weeks there- 
after, and orders are coming in daily. 

It is a handsomely printed, substantially 
bound volume, full of the best hymns in the 
language, amply indexed, handy to use and of 
exceptional value in all worship, public and 

All the older hymns of world-wide repute, 
and the more modern examples of melody are 
found in the book, and it is the best sample of 
Hymnal the church has ever put out. All who 
see it are delighted, and it has received the 
highest encomiums from those who are profes- 
sional singers. A few of these testimonials are 

Order all that you will require in your 
church worship, and order at once, so that 
there may be no delay, or loss of time, for you 
want the best and should have it now. Your 
order will be filled as soon as it is received. 
The price is 65 cents per single copy, or £7.20 
per dozen prepaid. The full morocco gilt 
edge edition is now ready. Price, §1.00. If 
you wish your name stamped on the cover in 
gold letters, add 15 cents. 

We append a few testimonials, out of the 
nany that we have received: 

The new Hyrunal is n good one. We have always tried 
get the song books best adapted to our worship, and 
:he opinion expressed by all who have seen the new 
Hymnal Is that It la a decided acquisition, and meets the 
wants ol the church better than anything clae published. 
— John E. MohUr, Warreniburg, Mo. 

Alter examining the new Hymnal I find It a fine collec- 
tion. I can heartily recommend it, Lt should be In all ol 
our cburcbea.-C" P. Rowland, Lanark, 111. 

Dear Brethren: In times past you have sold me about 
250" Gospel Songs and Hymns No. 1," and more than 
thai number of " Brethren's Sunday School Song Book," 
and possibly S°° ol the old Hymnals and Hymn Books, 
but 1 never saw a demand lor any o( these like there is 
(or the new Hymnal. It scorns everybody wants one, es- 
pecially alter they hear some of the beautiful songs, 
Please send me the third hundred immediately by freight, 
-Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio 

I received the five dozen ol the new Hymnals. 1 
must say that I am very much pleased with the book in 
every way. I am satisfied that a long-felt want in our 
church Is fully and satisfactorily supplied.—/'./. Slough, 
HooversvUle. Pa. 

1 received the two Hymnals. To say that I am pleased 
with the book but meagerly expresses my delight. The 
tunes that I find in It arc perfect, such fine and lively 
ones. I have sung out of a great variety of books, but 
have failed to find Its equal.— A. H Baum. Ashland, 
Address all orders to 

Brethren Publishing House, 
?2 ard 24 S State Street. ELGIN, ILL. 


By J. S. Motaler 

One of the latest books 
published by the House. 
It contains 128 pages and 
is substantially bound in 
cloth. Read it. You will 
never regret making a 
purchase of this book. 
Price only 5° cents. 
Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, III. 



Jan. 18, 1902 


The Avecie of Victory recently completed 
in Berlin, Germany, is said to be one of the 
finest drives in the world. 

The governors of several States have an- 
nounced that they will use every effort to have 
Jan. 29 observed as McKinley day. 

Marconi, the inventor of wireless telegraphy, 
is being received with great honor wherever 
he goes. His is a wonderful invention. 

The French deficit for the year looi is more 
than forty-six million dollars. The shortage is 
the largest ever recorded in a year of peace. 

Congress has been asked to appropriate five 
hundred thousand dollars for constructing turn- 
ing basins in each branch of the Chicago river. 

The people of Servia, whose king is little 
better than an idiot, seems about ready to re- 
volt. The treasury is empty and the army is 

One hundred and twenty-five thousand tons 
of coal will be shipped during the year from 
America to Stettin, a manufacturing city of 

The records for shipments of Belgian pota- 
toes to the United States are being broken ev- 
ery week, and the merchants continue to make 
heavy contracts. 

The English are much stirred up over the of- 
fensive cartoons published in German newspa- 
pers. If the authorities do not interfere there 
is no telling where the trouble will lead. 

The Empress Dowager of China has issued 
an edict thanking the Americans for the efforts 
made to protect the buildings of the Forbidden 
City during the time of foreign occupation, 

Sunday night at the Nice Observatory, Italy, 
it was noticed that the light of the planet Ve- 
nus was so intense that it cast a shadow. This 
is the first time that phenomenon has been ob- 

Admiral Prince Henry, brother of Emperor 
William of Germany, is to visit the United 
States in the near future, and will be present at 
the christening of the Emperor's yacht by Miss 
Alice Roosevelt. . 

Rear Admiral Schley is enthusiastically re- 
ceived wherever he goes and has been invited 
as the gue3t of honor to different cities. This 
shows what the people think of the decision 
given by the court of inquiry. 

Richard Croker, for many years the Tam- 
many "boss" in New York, has abdicated. 
He will soon leave for his English home. The 
people who are working for purity in public 
business will not regret his departure. 

It is reported that American capitalists have 
secured control of five thousand miles of Britiah 
and Continental canals. In the future cargoes 
will be sent on the same bill of lading from 
Duluth to inland points in European countries, 

An ingenious arithmetician has made the es- 
timate that the whole of the Transvaal army 
might have been weighed out in the scales and 
barely equal the weight in gold which will be 
required before they are led into death or cap- 

The citizens of Denver, Colo., have organ- 
ized a vigilance committee, and the streets of 
the residence portion of the city are patrolled 
at night, Criminals have been so numerous 
and their operations so daring that the streets 
were not safe. 

Admiral Schley has asked President Roose- 
velt to reverse the decision of the Navy depart- 
ment in bis case. The President has consent- 
ed to go over the evidence. His decision will 
probably settle this unfortunate controversy, 
as far as public agitation of it is concerned. 

In Korea the checking of the government 
receipts reveals the fact that not less than ten 
million yen has been embezzled by govern- 
ment officials. The treasurer advised that all 
who had embezzled over two thousand yen be 
put to death. The emperor will follow the ad- 
vice, More than eighty are implicated; among 
them is Cho Pyng Jik, an ex-premier. 


District Meeting of Texas and Louisiana. 

The District Meeting of Texas and Louisi- 
ana met in the Roanoke church, La., Dec. 27. 
Eld. P. R. Wrightsman was elected moderator, 
A. A. Sutter reading clerk and A. J. Wine writ- 
ing clerk. Four churches were represented by 
eight delegates, one by letter, one not at all, 
and two were reported virtually disorganized by 
members moving away. 

Thirty-seven were baptized since last Dis- 
trict Meeting, including the Denton mission. 
This mission was opened in October, igoo, and 
prior to that a brother had never preached in 
the county, to my knowledge, Ten have been 
baptized, and the prospects are good for build- 
ing up a church, A good many tracts and 
Gospel MESSENGBRshave been silently work- 
ing, and I think are doing good work. 

Two papers were sent to Annual Meeting. 
The meeting was a pleasant one. The spirit 
of Christ seemed to be manifested in all the 
work. Eld. Joseph Minnix was chosen to 
represent the District at next Annual Meeting; 
Eld. P. R. Wrightsman alternate. F. K. Bow- 
man was re elected on Mission Board (time, 
three years); Jesse Hollinger to fill vacancy, 
A. W. Vaniman {time, one year). A. J, Wine 
was re-elected Sunday-school secretary; E. W. 
Pratt, Welsh, La., appointed trustee of Breth- 
ren's Hospital. 

The next District Meeting will be held in 
the Saginaw church, Texas. The brethren and 
isters of the Roanoke church know how to 
make one feel at home among them. May 
God's blessing rest upon all, 

A. J. Wine, Writing Clerk. 

Saginaw, Texas, Jan, 7, 

From West Virginia. 

Dec 5 we started to the Bethany congrega- 
tion, Marion Co., W, Va., and began meeting 
the night of Dec. 6. Dec. 7 the brethren and 
sisters came together and had a feast of love. 
Bro. Z. Annon, who has charge of this church, 
was present at the feast, and also Dec. 8 when 
Bro. Daniel Kirk, one of the ministers of the 
Bethany church, was ordained to the eldership, 
Dec. q Bro. Annon left to go to the Zion church 
to hold a series of meetings. Wecontinued the 
meeting with the aid of Bro. Kirk, who preached 
three nights when we were not able to get to 
the churchhouse. 

We continued the meeting at the Brethren's 
churchhouse till Dec, 22, then at night began a 
meeting at a schoolhouse a few miles away, on 
the outskirts of the Bethany church, and con- 
tinued till Dec. 28. Two dear souls accepted 
Christ in baptism at this point. 

Then at night we began a meeting at a 
Methodist churchhouse, and continued till Dec, 
31. A good deal of the time the weather was 
very rough, but still the meeting was well at- 
tended at each of those points, Sometimes all 
could not be seated, 

The people seemed to be greatly interested, 
as some parties followed us to each of those 
points. We heard of no one to make objec- 
tions to anything that was said. But all that 
attended gave the greatest attention, listening 
patiently to some discourses one hour and for- 
ty-five minutes long. Then some complained 
that I had not told them enough. We had to 
force ourselves away from those good people 
who wanted us to stay and go to other points 
near by. We would have loved to stay and 
comply with their request, but we were getting 
worn down, having but little rest since Oct. 15, 
and having other places in view to visit in the 
State of Maryland, which we contemplate 
visiting if God so wills, as soon as we rest up. 

While at Bethany church we were at the home 
of Bro. Thomas Griff eth, who is eighty years old. 

We started home Jan. 1, stopped in Fairmont 
and visited Bro. Samuel Huffman and wife, 
reaching home Jan. 2 and finding the brethren 
and friends preparing to bury one of Bro. 
Thomas H. Miller's little daughters, who had 
died the day before. David J. Miller. 

Overkill, W. Va.,Jan. 4 . 




Feb. 1, Lordsburg. 

Feb. is, 3 PM .Colton. 

Feb. S3, 4 P. H„ Norriatown. 


Your Subscription to the 

Gospel Messenger for 1902 


We shall be pleased to have all of our old subscribers renew without 
further delay. The date on the papers can then be moved up to Jan. I, 1903. 

A number of new names have been added to our list. The old subscrib- 
ers will of course want the paper continued, and this will give the Messenger 
an increased circulation. 

No member of the Brethren church should think of doing without the 
Gospel Messenger, for the paper keeps our people thoroughly posted on all 
lines of work carried on by the church. 

The paper is printed every week, there being fifty-two issues a year. 
Price, per annum, Si. 50. 

22 and 24 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois. 


The Vest Pocket Commentary on the 
Sunday-school Lessons for 1002. 

By Rev. DeLoss M. Tompkins, D. D. 

Itts modem In Us use- 
fulness, practical and 
spiritual In thought, 
and is adapted to the 
needs of the pupil, the 
teacher and the class. 

Owing to a great de- 
mand for this little vol- 
ume from our people, 
and the large sale we 
had last year, we have 
secured a much better 
price, and we give our 
patrons the advantage 

of it. 

Regular edition, 
bound In red morocco, 
round corners, gold 
edges, this year a£ cts. 
(Ltst year, 35 cents.) 

Interleaved Edition, 
bound in red morocco, 
two blank ruled pages 
lor notes with each les- 
son, this year, 35 cents. 
(Last year 50 cents.) 

Order at Once to Avoid the Holiday Rush, 

Brethren Publishing House. 
Elgin, 111. 

The Common Use 


Physicians, Experience, Common 
Sense and the Bible. 


It is surprising how much evidence the au- 
thor has succeeded in collecting against the 
common use of tobacco. Well printed, 173 
pages, cloth binding, 50 cents; paper cover, 30 
cents. Address: 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

Do You Know 

That The History of the Brethren, by 
M. G. Brumbaugh, is the most reliable and sat- 
isfactory history of our people now before the 
public? It deals with the subject in hand in a 
scholarly manner. It is fully and beautifully 
illustrated, substantially bound, and would be 
a credit to any library. 

But the reason that you should read it is that 
you ought to know more than you do about the 
history of our own people. This is the book to 
give you the needed information. Youwillcer- 
tainlybe pleased with the work. Price in mo- 
rocco, £3.00; half morocco, $2.50; cloth, $2.00. 


Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, HI. 

Have You Read the 

John Kline Book? 

Or to be more exact, the Life of Eld. John 
Kline, by Benj. Funk? Do you know anything 
about either the man or the book? If not, you 
want to read it. It is the history of the life of 
an eminent brother in Virginia, where he 
preached, lived and died, — where he was mur- 
dered during the Civil War. The book is 
made up of his diary, and the sermons he 
preached, and very little else than the records 
left by this pioneer of an early day. It is a 
good sample of the style of the last generation, 
and will be read with interest by everybody in 
the church. 

The book is a substantial, well-bound volume 
of 480 pages and sells in cloth only, for $1.25. 
There is good territory left for agents. Write 
for particulars to 

3>a"o"*A7- Heady ! 

The 1902 Brethren's 

Lesson Commentary. 

We have published a Commentary on the 
lessons for 1902, and it is now ready for dis- 
tribution. It is a well-bound book of 390 

Nicely Illustrated with Maps, Pictures, 
Etc. It is Unsurpassed 

for the student, the teacher and the preacher. 
Every Sunday-school teacher and superin- 
tendent should have a copy. 

Send Your Orders 

early so as to be sure to have a copy by Jan. 
1. Price, 90 cents. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

An Educational Book for the Young 

Is What You Will Find 
Sister Lizzie Miller's... 

Letters to the Young. 

It describes her trip across the Atlantic, her 
landing and trip to the Land of the Midnight 
Sun, and gives a most vivid description of the 
scenery along the way. It has numerous illus- 
trations. Returning it gives scenes in Ger- 
many, France, Venice, Jaffa, Bethany, Shiloh, 
Nazareth and Damascus. 

Every boy and girl should read this book. 
The Fourth Edition now printed. Send your 
orders at once. Price, 75 cents. An excellent 
book for agents to handle. Write for terms to 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 40. 

Elgin, III., Jan. 25, 1902. 

No. 4. 



Some Old-Time Scenes, 57 

The Land aud tlie Book at Sterling 57 

preachers not Financiers, c 7 

The Bible in Georgia, 58 

Preachers at WSrk, 58 

Annual Meeting Queries, 58 

Querists' Department, 5 8 


With My Bible in Palestine: from Tiberias on Galilee to Naza- 
reth. By Albert C. Wieand 5° 

The Blood ot Christ. By L. T. Hosfeldt, 5° 

All Things in Order.-A Review. By D. Hajs S° 

Calling for and Locating Miasionaries. By D. S. Filbrun 5' 

Reply to a Letter oi Inquiry. By '.J. Rosenbetger... 51 

A Short Talk to the Laity. By Chas. M. Yearout $2 

How Shall We Escape? By F B. Fitzwater 5= 

Free Thought in the Eighteenth Century. By W. I. T. Hoover,.. 53 

Good Manners. By A. Hutchison 53 

What is a Model Sunday School? By Oma Robinson, 54 

Baptism-The Mode. By N. N. Gnrst 5-1 


Tbe Christian Woman Should Dress Plainly. I'y Justus H. Cline, 55 
Sisters' Sewing Society, Spring Creek Church, Pa 55 


A Curse in India 59 

Will the Untaught Heathen Be Saved? By John E. Mohler 59 

Bulsar, India, Notes. By A. Ebey 59 

Report ot Chicago Mission, 59 


Statistics show that membership in the various re- 
ligious denominations of the United States increased 
during 1901 in greater proportion than did the popula- 
tion of the country. There are now more than twenty- 
eight million communicants out of a population of sev- 
enty-seven million. Roman Catholics number nearly 
one-third of the total church membership of our coun- 
try and are credited with a larger gain in membership 
than all the Protestant churches- combined. The fig- 
ures are interesting and give food for serious thought. 
Why, for instance, should the Catholics who number 
less than one-third of the church members make greater 
gains by far than the other two-thirds? Where does 
the trouble lie, and who is to blame for it? Every 
servant of the Master will find plenty to do, for there 
are many unconverted men and women within our own 
borders. We hope that by the end of the year 1902 
the Protestants will make a better showing than they 
do in the present table. 

of conscience. M. Stachovitch proposed that the gov- 
ernment should be petitioned to repeal many of the 
severe statutes directed against heresy. Needless to 
say his proposal was rejected, but the newspapers took 
the matter up, arguing for and against the Marshal's 
resolution, and for the first time in the history of their 
country Russians were treated to luminous articles in 
favor of freedom of religion, in favor of abolishing 
the penaPenactments, or some of them, which are di- 
rected against various bodies of Russian heretics. It 
is safe to say that in the reign of the present czar's 
father the appearance of such articles would have been 
followed by the speedy suppression of the newspapers 
in question. 

Last Monday a naval battle occurred in the bay at 
Panama, between three insurgent vessels and the same 
number of Colombian warships. The government 
forces were taken completely by surprise, and came 
near being defeated. On one of the government ships 
was Gen. Carlos Alban, the Governor of Panama. In 
the onset the fire was directed against his ship, and he 
was killed in the early part of the engagement, and his 
vessels finally burned and sank. Other ships coming 
to the rescue compelled the insurgent vessels, consid- 
erably damaged, to retire, and thus the battle ended. 
The death of the Governor of Panama has caused great 
excitement and indignation in Panama, for he was 
greatly beloved by his people. The United States 
warship, the " Philadelphia," stood by and witnessed 
the battle from start to finish, and when it was all 
over sent men to help extinguish the fire on the ship 
''where the Governor had been killed. But it was too 
late, and the ship soon burned to the water's edge and 
sank. This engagement brings additional complica- 
tions to Panama and vicinity. 

The state capitol, the parish church, many business 
houses and residences were destroyed, and there is a 
great deal of suffering as a result. More persons were 
killed in the church than in any other one place. They 
were gathered there for the afternoon service. The 
shock threw down the solid masonry walls and the roof 
upon the people. Troops have been sent to aid in the 
work of rescue. Until the work of rescue is completed 
it will be impossible to tell just how many persons were 
killed or injured. The greater part of the population 
are now living out under tents. Troops act as guards 
and perfect order reigns. The city will have to be re- 
built. The shock at Mexico City lasted fifty-five sec- 
onds, while at Chilpancingo it lasted but fifty seconds. 
The State of Guerrero always has been a focus for 
these disturbances. More earthquake shocks, but not 
so severe, were felt the day following. The volcano 
Calimo, which has been inactive for some time, is now 
active again. Scientific men connect this fact with the 
prevalent earthquakes. 

A short time ago there was a noonday meeting in 
the Willard Hall in Chicago. Four hundred people 
had come together to hear Mr. Ray Palmer, of Oregon. 
He pleaded earnestly with his audience to forsake liq- 
uor and lead a temperate life. Later while a hymn 
was being sung a man took a bottle of whiskey from 
his pocket, and hurled it at the platform, saying that 
he was done with whiskey. The bottle struck the ped- 
estal of the fine bust of Miss Frances Willard, which 
stood near the speaker, and broke with a loud report. 
The liquor flew all over the bust and the unusual scene 
caused for the time no little excitement. The man ap- 
peared to be in earnest, and took this way of declaring 
his conversion to the cause of temperance. He walked 
up, signed the pledge and went on about his business. 
Those who witnessed the act regard it as particularly 
significant that the liquor Miss Willard had fought 
against all her life should have been destroyed at the 
foot of her statue. 

It looks as though there might be in Russia an awak- 
ening to the necessity for religious freedom within her 
borders. At a recent missionary conference of the 
Province of Orel, held to discuss steps for proceeding 
against heretics, the Marshal of the provincial nobles, 
M. Stachovitch, rose to protest against harsh measures, 
saying that it was high time for Russia to think of 
granting to all the invaluable prerogative of liberty 

One of the busiest women in the world is the gifted 
Queen of Roumania. She is a woman of polished ed- 
ucation, and a writer of rare skill. Her writings in- 
clude essays, philosophy, fiction, poetry and even books 
for children. She has just finished a charming book 
for American boys. The amount of work which she 
manages to turn off during the day is said to be mar- 
velous. It is no uncommon thing for her to rise be- 
tween four and five o'clock in the morning, go to her 
desk and write until eight o'clock. This she does while 
her maids of honor are yet in the land of dreams. At 
eight o'clock she is ready for breakfast. After this 
she receives callers, gives directions about work, looks 
after receptions, and sp continues until the elaborate 
evening meal. Here she meets distinguished friends 
and other persons of note. Then hours are spent in 
company, and she seldom retires until near midnight. 
Hers is a busy life for both body and mind, but she 
declares that she enjoys her work immensely. There 
may be idle queens in the world, but she is not one of 
them. Her purpose is to make herself useful while 
life lasts. Much of her time is spent in relieving the 
wants of others, and she also gives largely for the dif- 
ferent works of charity. Her people dearly love her, 
for they know that she has a kind heart and a helping 
hand. It is pleasant to study the lives of such people, 
and it is to be regretted that we do not have more of 
such even in the common walks of life. 

Thursday of last week an earthquake was felt over 
much of Mexico. It was slight at Mexico City, but 
most severe in the southern part of the country, the 
State of Guerrero suffering most. It was most violent 
at Chilpancingo. It is thought that not less than three 
hundred persons were killed and as many more were 
injured. The city of Chilpancingo suffered most, but 
towns in the vicinity add to the number of the dead. 

When one walks or rides about Chicago he con- 
cludes it is a wonderful city ; and it is. But there is a 
very wonderful part of it which he does not see. That 
is the underground part. More than sixty million dol- 
lars has been spent in constructing it, and the end is 
not yet. A few figures will give something of an 
idea of underground Chicago. The city sewer system 
consists of 1,481 miles of pipes from six inches to 
twenty feet in diameter, and cost a little more than 
twenty million dollars. The land and water tunnels, 
from five to ten feet in diameter, are thirty-eight miles 
long and cost, with cribs and pumping stations, about 
seven and a half million dollars. The water pipes, 
from three to forty-eight inches in diameter, if laid in 
a straight line would extend 1.872 miles and cost more 
than sixteen and a half million dollars. There are 
about seventy thousand miles of underground tele- 
phone wires. The thirty-ninth street conduit is in 
many respects the most wonderful of all of under- 
ground Chicago. It is to extend the whole distance 
from the lake to the river. The inside diameter of the 
sewer is twenty feet. Half the distance is under- 
ground work; the other half is open cut. Through 
rock, clay, and quicksand this tunnel is being advanced. 
Some of the greatest difficulties encountered in under- 
ground Chicago have been met with in this conduit. 
As in the land tunnels, the workmen have been pre- 
ceded by a great round shield. This shield is forced 
ahead by from sixty to seventy tons hydraulic pressure. 
The dangers from the quicksands are met with the 
compressed air plan, as in the land tunnels. The un- 
derground electrical force of Chicago, if applied to 
all at once, would kill every person in Chicago. All 
these, with the street car tunnels, electric light conduits, 
gas mains, etc., give one an idea of what is underneath 
a great city. 

A decree of the Sultan of Turkey has been promul- 
gated, approving of the plans for the construction of 
the railroad from a point in Asia Minor to Bagdad, 
in the Euphrates valley. A guarantee of considerable 
financial assistance has also been made. The road is 
to be built, owned and operated by the Germans, and 
from Bagdad it will be extended to some good harbor 
on the Persian Gulf. The line will open up to the 
commercial world a very productive country, and in 
time may lead to some important political changes. 
By it the Turks of a wide and long belt of country will 
be brought in contact with a civilized people, and in this 
way their condition is sure to be greatly improved. 
The line will shorten the distance between London and 
India fully eight days. This will be greatly appre- 
ciated by the traveling public. 



Jan. 25, 1902 

1 ESSAYS •-.--*— 

'■Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word oi Truth.' : 



Heavier the cross, the nearer heaven; 

No death without, no God within! 
Death, judgment from the heart are driven. 
Amid the world's false glare and din. 
Oh, happy he, with all his loss, 
Whom God hath set beneath the cross. 

Heavier the cross, the stronger faith; 

The loaded palm strikes deeper root; 
The vine-juice sweetly issueth 
When men have passed the clustered fruit, 
And courage grows where dangers come, 
Like pearls beneath the salt sea foam. 

Heavier the cross, the heartier prayer; 
The bruised herbs most fragrant are. 
If sky and wind were always fair 
The sailor would not watch the star; 

And David's psalms had ne'er been sung 
If grief his heart had never wrung. 

Heavier the cross, the more aspiring; 

From vales we climb to mountain crest; 
The pilgrim of the desert tiring, 
Longs for the Canaan of his rest. 

The dove has no rest in her sight 
And to the ark she wings her flight. 

Heavier the cross, the easier dying; 

Death is a friendlier face to see; 
To life's decay one bids defying; 
To life's distress one then is free. 

The cross sublimely lifts our faith 
To him who triumphed over death. 

Thou Crucified, the cross I carry, 

The longer may it dearer be; 
And lest I faint while here I tarry, 
Implant thou such a heart in me 

That faith, hope, love may flourish there 
Till for the cross my crown I wear, 
Codorus. Pa, 



Number Fifteen. 

From Tiberias on the Sea of Galilee there is a tolera- 
ble carriage roadwindingand zigzagging up the moun- 
tain slope to the west, and thence over the table-land 
and among the hills on to Nazareth. By this route we 
came in what they called an "American carriage ; " but 
we resented the name. It is perhaps best described as 
an old-fashioned three-seated spring wagon or "carry- 
all " with a rough top of white canvas curtains. It 
is a five hours' ride to the early home of Jesus ; the 
route is not specially interesting. But as we followed 
the course of our road as it wound along through the 
fenceless fields, and the rich red soil lay right up to the 
track and under the horses' feet, we were impressed, 
as almost everywhere in this country where the curse 
of the Turk is, that the country is exceedingly fertile, 
and could become one of the happiest of homes for 
good people who are industrious ; but because of cen- 
turies of war and misgovernment the land has been 
largely depopulated, and lies half in ruins to-day. 
The country is great, not for what it is but for what 
it was. The only things of importance and special 
interest here to-day are those that are connected with 
the history of God's chosen people and the incarnate 
life of the Son of God. 

Along our way, about three miles or so northeast of 
Nazareth, before we reach this place is a village called 
Kefr Kenna by the people to-day. This village, built 
largely of single story, flat-roofed, mud and stone 
houses, is usually believed to be the Cana of Galilee 
where Jesus attended a wedding and performed his 
first miracle (John 2:1-11). Here also "a certain 
nobleman " whose son was sick at Capernaum, when 
he heard that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee 
again, went unto him and besought him that he would 
come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of 
death." Jesus said, " Go thy way, thy son liveth." 
The man was four or five hours' journey from home 

sixteen or eighteen miles, perhaps), but he found his 
son well (John 4:46-54). 

Just a few rods from the village our carriage halted 
at the village well, and while our horses were eating 
their "barley and straw" (1 Kings 4:28) from the 
nosebags hung over their heads we had a half hour to 
watch an interesting scene at the well. The well was 
in the middle ofthe highway. There were men watering 
their horses ; boys drove up their cattle to water ; there 
were one or two women washing a few clothes in their 
hands and by pounding, while other women and maid- 
ens, clad in the universal coarse blue robe, filled their 
jars, poised them on their heads and walked away 
as erect and graceful and dignified as any queen. 

Just before reaching Nazareth our road climbed up 
a steep and long hill and from its top we had our first 
view of the home of the boy Jesus. I was much sur- 
prised to find it so large and so beautiful a city. There 
are few scenes in this land so picturesque. There 
is almost a complete circle of hills, our road following 
down through the valley between them, and on every 
side we are surrounded. The present city of Nazareth 
is situated on the northwest part of this amphitheater 
of hills, and as one looks from the other side the houses 
rise one above the other. 

I shall not attempt to give a full description of this 
place; descriptions at best are far inferior to a good 
picture, and perhaps most of you have seen a photo- 
graph of Nazareth. Besides, there is perhaps not one 
house here to-day that our Master looked upon; so I 
will notice other points. 

Of all the cities, towns and villages of Palestine I 
have yet seen, there is none that seems more neat, en- 
terprising and happy. I was especially impressed with 
the happylife of the people and theirapparent freedom. 
This is due, no doubt, to the greater Christian influence 
for many years. Greeks, Romans and Protestants 
have established schools here. 

In one of our strolls we come to the school supported 
by the Church of England people. There is both a 
day school and an orphanage. In the orphanage the 
girls have their home, of course, and are taught how to 
keep house, besides regular school work. They under- 
stand English fairly well. Bro. Hoff spoke to them 
and I followed with a few words. They seemed to 
understand and appreciate what was said. They 
also sang for us in English, "Jesus of Nazareth passeth 
by," and a beautiful song beginning as follows: 

" We are little Nazareth children 
And our Father placed otir home 
'M'd the olive trees and vineyards 
Where, as child, he used to roam. 

" For the Lord, who loves the children, 
And was glad to hear their praise 

Cares that Nazareth children know him, 
Do his will and choose his ways." 

So may it be ; and who knows what these girls, who 
are going to be women and wives and mothers by and 
by, may not accomplish ? I have often thought that 
if there is anyone who needs the right kind of educa- 
tion more than any one else it is our girls ; for the posi- 
tion of a true mother is the greatest and noblest on 

We have but little interest in the traditional sites 
pointed out to travelers, where the home of Mary and 
Joseph was, where Jesus as a boy did this and that. 
We did not even visit them ; but we are more deeply 
than ever interested in the life and teachings and 
character of our Master who spent most of his life amid 
these hills, but of which we have the merest glimpse 
(Luke 2: 40-52). 



"The blood of Christ cleanseth us from all sin " 
In Exodus 12: 13 we find the words: " When I see 
the blood I will pass over you." The Israelites were 
told to sprinkle the blood of a lamb on the lintel and 
on the two side posts of the doors of their houses, 
so that when the death angel saw the blood he would 
pass over them. This insured them safety. They 
were God's people. God's people are always safe, but 

they are only safe through the blood. That night 
in Egypt it was the blood of the paschal lamb. With 
us it is the blood of the Lamb of God. At that time 
the blood of the paschal lamb was accepted by God, 
and now the blood of Christ is accepted and well pleas- 
ing to God ; for God himself did choose Christ to be 
the Redeemer; and he himself did lay upon him the 
iniquity of us all. 

Christ Jesus, like the lamb, was not only divinely 
appointed, but he was spotless, and his blood is able to 
save, because " he died, the just for the unjust." The 
paschal lamb was slain every year, but Christ, once for 
all, hath put away sin by offering of himself. He has 
said, " It is finished." 

By the eye of faith we can see Christ on the cross ; 
see his hands nailed to the accursed wood! We can 
see him as he bows his head in the agonies of death ; 
and while we think of this we must remember he was 
a real man, and it was a real cross. 

The blood of Jesus Christ has been accepted by God, 
and nothing but the blood of Christ can ever save the 
soul. If some foolish Israelite had despised God's 
command, and had sprinkled something else upon the 
door-posts, he would have perished ; nothing could 
have saved his household but the sprinkled blood. May 
we remember that " other foundation can no man lay 
than that is laid, Jesus Christ," and may we also re- 
member that, no matter how right the ordinance, how 
true the form, how scriptural the practice; it is all 
vanity if we rely on it to save. Ordinances and works 
are all right, but we must keep them in their places. 
If we make them the basis of our soitl's salvation, they 
are nothing, as there is not the slightest saving power 
anywhere but in the blood of Christ. The blood has 
the only power to save. The blood must save alone, 
as our righteousness is " as filthy rags." 

" Could thy tears forever flow, 
Could thy zeal no respite know; 
All for sin could not atone, 
Christ must save, and Christ alone." 

The blood oi Christ is all-sufficient. There is no 
sin it cannot wash away. The blood of Christ saves 
surely. " Whosoever believeth on the Lord Jesus 
Christ shall not perish, but have everlasting life." 

The blood of Christ saves completely. Not a hair 
of the head of an Israelite was disturbed by the de- 
stroying angel ; and so he that believeth in the blood of 
Christ is saved from all things. There was one condi- 
tion under which the Israelites were saved, that was, 
" When I see the blood, I will pass over you." There 
is one condition now. Have Christ, the blood of 
Christ. Get Christ first, and then we will know how 
to serve him and do all that is required of us. 

" Not all the blood of beasts, 
On Jewish altars slain, 
Could give the guilty conscience peace, 
Or wash away the stain. 

" But Christ, the heavenly Lamb, 
Takes all nur sins away; 
A sacrifice of nobler name, 
And richer blood, than they." 

T St., Sacramento, Cat. 



Somewhere along the year '70, in company with 
brethren.S. A. Fike, Cosner and others, a tour of thirty 
days was made through a number of counties in West 
Virginia. Bro. Fike went as far as Leading Creek, 
where he had arranged to preach a funeral. Two 
of our company continued as far west as Ritchie 
County, returning by a different route. 

At West Fork 1 Cor. 14:40, "Let all things be 
done decently and in order," was used as a subject. 
After services Bro. Friedly told the speaker to box 
that sermon up and take it over to Indian Camp. Bro. 
Friedly was from Ritchie County and Indian Camp 
lay in Upshur County. Bro. Cosner was of the opin- 
ion that the discourse had taken wings and could not 
be recalled. 

It was about a week after that we were approaching 
the place named. It was Sunday afternoon on one of 

Jan. 25- I 9° 2 



the beautiful days that come in the latter part of Sep- 
tember. From the place of meeting in the forenoon it 
was near ten miles, and the way was through a forest 
much of the time. This afforded ample time for medi- 
tation. 1 Cor. 14:40, however, was not the subject of 
thought. It was John 15: 5, "-The true vine and the 
branches ; " and with the preparation that had been 
made some time before, and then thinking over it, and 
about it, and around it for over two hours whilst rid- 
ing along in a quiet way, it might be supposed that the 
sermon was ready for delivery. But what may be a 
surprise to some, the speaker had worn the subject out 
in his own mind, and had lost all interest in his theme, 
and as a result he failed to interest his audience. 

Order, then, is necessary in all things. When Paul 
refers to " order " in 1 Cor. 14: 40 it is a summing up 
of the duties named from the first chapter up, and em- 
braces order of unity, of spiritual wisdom, of God's 
building, of preference, of excluding gross sinners, of 
settling differences, of purity and the marriage relation, 
of apparel among members in the church, of the com- 
munion services, of spiritual gifts and the work of the 
ministry. Yet with " all things " there is but the one 
" order." 

It is a matter of serious thought, what will become 
of all the scripture not used as texts? Most people 
fail to read the Bible ; many even fail to hear it read. 
The reading of the scripture was a duty under the law, 
and it is the order of the church now. Church doc- 
trine serves as a great outline under which much 
scripture is brought to the mind of the thoughtful 
Christian, and the diligent worker in the Lord's vine- 
yard. He who reads the Sacred Word as a chain of 
living truths is wise. 

The church has an order, and, among other things, 
has adopted an order of dress. Now for those who 
look at it from a distance and for those who look at it 
all the time, the order of dress is all the order the 
church has. The first fail to come near enough to be- 
come acquainted with the subject, and they ask for 
some one who has formed an intimate acquaintance 
with the order to make the matter plain. Another has 
trouble in adjusting the dress order to the existing 
conditions of things in a large city, and begins to look 
around for some way out of it. Then from faraway 
India comes a request that a substitute for the sisters' 
prayer covering be granted in the use of the prevailing 
headdress of that country. Now the church in order 
to carry out the requirement of the Scripture, and at 
the same time to have it consistent, has adopted an 
order of dress to the exclusion of all superfluities and 
ornaments ; and to maintain the order the church re- 
quires that those who come out from the world and en- 
ter the fold should adopt the order that the church 
holds. This becomes necessary to preserve " order," 
otherwise the church as a body will be under the 
necessity of changing her order and adopting city style, 
or style of the East. Which is possible? Which 
is reasonable? Which is scriptural? Grant every sec- 
tion its own way, and some modern Paul would write, 
" Let all things be done in the best way you can, and 
in one or the other of the orders." 

Broadway, Va. 



Not infrequently do I observe in the columns of 
the Messenger calls of " Come over and help us. We 
have no minister, will not some faithful, consistent 
brother locate among us and assist in the Lord's 
cause?" We are in this new field and think much 
good could be accomplished. We plead that the Gen- 
eral Missionary Committee do something for us. 

These calls come from some of our members who 
have isolated themselves by changing their location. 
Church privileges should be the predominant feature in 
the contemplation of a change of location. How per- 
fectly natural is it for those who are in remote fields to 
call for help. Actual personal observation and practi- 
cal experience both enable and prompt me to give a 
few timely suggestions to those who call for and those 

who send missionaries into new fields of labor. The 
calling for and the sending involve greater responsibil- 
ity than the casual thinker can at first imagine or 

The minister whose lot it is to go, makes much sacri- 
fice, expending time, energy and means in establishing 
the true Gospel and winning souls to Christ. No doubt 
he does his utmost in filling his important mission. 
Well, now to those who have called the minister. In- 
asmuch as you have called, are you also willing to help 
support him? Do you mean to attend his appoint- 
ments? Will you remember him at the altar? Will 
you stand by him wherein he is right, although all 
others may forsake him? Will you encourage him 
once in a long while with a word of commendation if 
he is worthy of it? Is your influence worthy of praise 
in the community in which you are expecting him to 
live and labor? Is your own life exemplary? In 
short, are you in life and character such a brother or 
sister as will be helpful to the minister whom you call? 
If you are a backslider or a religious wreck; if you 
are cold, prayerless and indifferent, and propose to con- 
tinue in that course, regardless of the earnest endeavors 
of the brother minister, for God's sake and the sake of 
the minister, his family and the church, do not call him. 
For a missionary to give his best energies to counteract 
the bad influence, and make an amicable adjustment of 
differences existing between members already living 
there, is a sad mistake. It is quite unfor- 
tunate that a minister should be located any- 
where under such exceedingly unfavorable cir- 
cumstances. No minister can have even a faint 
hope of accomplishing much good among the outside 
world where such conditions exist. If you desire a 
well-meaning, faithful and consecrated brother to come 
to your assistance in the good cause, then be consistent, 
faithful and devoted yourself. It is your duty. The 
success of the Lord's work requires it ; and, above all, 
God demands it. Don't pretend. Don't deceive. Be 
not a hypocrite. 

This is not applicable to the call of a missionary only, 
but will also apply to local congregations in calling a 
minister to assist them in a protracted effort. I have 
occasion to think that many of our dear brethren have 
gone from local churches with sad hearts, after having 
labored earnestly for from one to three weeks, perhaps. 
Not because of no accessions, not because of inclement 
weather, not because of small congregations, but be- 
cause they felt that they had not the support and prayer 
of the church in which they were laboring. When you 
contemplate a meeting and call a minister, get ready 
for the meeting. Kill your hogs, saw your wood, haul 
your hay, market your " spuds " before he comes, and 
so be ready. A spiritually successful meeting depends 
as much upon the church itself as upon the minister. 

Now a few hints to those who send missionaries. 
The sending lies within the province of our State 
District and General Missionary Boards. As a rule, 
these boards are made up. of our best brethren, and 
this is right. We need good men and good women for 
important positions; brethren sound in the faith, of 
executive ability, of good judgment, of veracity and 
full of the Holy Ghost. Even these sometimes make 
mistakes. There are a number of considerations enter 
when sending a missionary. 

1. A brother with proper adaptations. He should 
be a man of general information. He should possess 
an adequate knowledge of the Bible, with the ability to 
impart it unto others. He should be an out-and-out, 
self-sacrificing, thoroughly converted, consecrated 
Christian. He should live, act, talk, ivalk, and look 
like a brother. Indeed, I think that a genuine Dunker 
brother or sister is a Christian, and such a one should 
be sent. 

2. Another consideration : the proposed field should 
be minutely canvassed, carefully noting the existing 
conditions, the advantages and oppositions to mis- 
sionary work. 

3. The motive which should prompt any missionary 
board to send a minister to any field of labor, home or 
foreign, should be the glorification of God's name, and 
the salvation of the world. Missionary boards should 
not, under any circumstances, allow themselves to be 
captivated by the "fair speeches" and "enticing 

words " of agents, land companies, railroad corpora- 
tions 01 any speculative association whatever. Stand 
aloof from all of them. Send the missionary, if you 
send him at all. entirely free and independent; then 
there may be some hope of a successful mission. 

In conclusion permit me to suggest to those of our 
brethren to whom the courtesy of seeing new lands 
is extended, free of charge, that it is only the part of 
wisdom that you exercise due discretion in writing up 
a new country. 

Out of a heart burning with love for those of our 
members and others who are anxious about their soul, 
and through a deep sympathy for our missionary com- 
mittees, who send and maintain missionaries, do I write 
the above, sincerely desiring the Lord's cause to pros- 
per in every field of labor. 

Corinne, Utah. 



Covington, Ohio, 
Kind Friend:— 

Some one is kind enough to send me the Gosi-el Mes- 
senger: and I read it with interest. Now, my stranger (riend, 
I have read some very strong productions from your pen in 
support of the doctrine of primitive Christianity. 1 heartily 
endorse your defense of feet-washing, the distinction between 
the Lord's supper and the communion, greeting with the kiss 
of charity, non-affiliation with secrecy, plain apparel, war and 
politics contrary to Christianity, etc. Yes, my dear friend, 
wherever you go, impress these good works so thoroughly fur- 
nished by the Word of God. Oh, how I do pray God to let me 
live to see a church on this earth that is entirely apostolic in 
origin, faith and practice: "not having spot or wrinkle or any 
such thing: but that it should be holy and without blemish." 

But when it comes to baptism, I am sorry to say we have to 
part. I believe that baptism is for the remission of ains. I al- 
so believe that the penitent should be immersed. But it is 
not clear to me that he should be thrice dipped. On the con- 
trary, I find abundant Scriptures which stand antithetic to that 
idea. If 1 kindly indite a few of these objections will you reply 
to them through the Gospel Messenger? 

1. Into whose name or names did John baptize Jesus? 

Jarratt L. Smith. 


I maintain that John's baptism was the same that 
the apostles taught and administered ; hence Christ was 
baptized, " in the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghost." As the formula that John 
used is not given, our reply to this first question will 
be one of inference. Christ taught by precept and ex- 
ample. His mission was twofold : to tell us what and 
show us how. Relating to the communion service, he 
says : " I have given you an example, that you should 
do as I have done to you." St. John 13 : 15. 

Relating to his suffering, 1 Peter 2: 21 says: "Christ 
also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that we 
should follow his steps." When Christ came to be 
baptized, he said, " Suffer it to be so now; for thus it 
becometh us to fulfill all righteousness." As John's 
teaching and work was " the beginning of the gospel 
of Christ " (see Mark 1:1), therefore Christ was bap- 
tized with a gospel or Christian baptism. We have 
seen that Christ is our example in the communion 
service and in suffering and as wc are to follow him, 
his steps, he therefore was an example to his disciples 
and also to us in baptism. It becomes clear beyond all 
doubt that we are to be baptized as Jesus was. This 
conclusion is very apparent when we turn to St. John 
4; 1, 2; it is said, "Jesus made and baptized more dis- 
ciples than John : though Jesus baptized not but his dis- 
ciples." He was the pattern and example; and all 
were to follow him. This would render it evident that 
the baptism that he taught and had administered, was 
the same that he received from the hands of John. 

I hope, my dear, seeking brother, that you will not 
think me begging my premises, when I tell you that it 
becomes logically certain that Christ's disciples taught 
and administered the same mode of baptism after 
Christ's death that they were taught by him before his 
death. The formula that Christ gave for administer- 
ing baptism after his death, reads thus, " baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Ghost." 

We maintain that this language requires three ac- 
tions. We will name a few reasons briefly: (1) 
That the three characters named in this formula are 

I \ 



Jan. 25, 1902 

one as the Father and Son or husband and wife are 
one; in mind, purpose and faith; but are distinct in 
person, as is clearly seen in Christ's baptism. See 
Matt. 3: 16, 17. (2) It requires a distinct action to 
baptize a person in the name of the Father; another 
action in the name of the Son, and a third in the name 
of the Holy Ghost. Three actions, but mark, only one 
baptism. '(3) If a teacher bids his pupil to write his 
name in the book of Matthew, and of Mark, and of 
Luke, lie would surely write his name three times. 
Or, if a husband says to his wife on his return from 
the store: " I bought goods of Smith, and of Jones, 
and of Brown," the wife would at once understand 
that her husband had made three purchases. The 
phraseology of the baptismal formula being entirely 
similar, it is very apparent that the language, "bap- 
tizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghost," requires three actions. (4) I 
have frequently convinced parents of this fact, by hav- 
ing their own children ten or even less years old, to 
read Matt. 28: 19; and then ask them, How many -ac- 
tions in that baptism? You would be perhaps sur- 
prised to learn that the verdict is almost universally, 
'" Three actions." I kindly invite you to try this ex- 

The citations to which you allude as antithetic to 
three dips in baptism are figures. While these all 
show some points of similarity to which we point as 
proof, it must be distinctly borne in mind that they 
contain points very dissimilar to the thing they are a 
figure of. The first you name is Christ's baptism of 
suffering, and refer to Luke 12: 50. You will doubt- 
less agree with me when I say that Christ was over- 
whelmed in sorrow, hence it is a symbol of immersion. 
But you fail to bear in mind the occurrence in detail 
as given in Matt. 26, where it is said he went and 
prayed, three times falling upon his face. Am I not 
justified in saying that this figure symbolizes, first, im- 
mersion ; second, three actions ; third, forward move- 
ment? The second figure you name is that of mar- 
riage ; third, resurrection ; fourth, planting ; fifth, 
burial ; sixth, Noah entering the ark. These figures 
are so similar that they can be covered by one explana- 
tion. I admit that a baptism that has but one action 
symbolizes a resurrection, a planting and a burial. 
Will you not admit that a baptism that has three ac- 
tions, symbolizes the same? The figure of Christ's 
suffering carried with it the number of actions ; but 
these figures do not ; for that we go to the great com- 
mission. The numeral seven designated the number 
of actions in Naaman's case. The number of charac- 
ters in the formula, into which we are to be baptized, 
designates the number of actions in Christian baptism, 
viz., three. You say, " Once entering the ark was suf- 
ficient in the case of Noah ; so our once entering the 
waters of baptism is sufficient." The first is very 
true, because Noah did just what God told him to do. 
But I again press the fact that when you are dipped 
only once, you are not doing what Christ bids us to 
do in the act of Christian baptism. 




" Every man shall receive bis own reward according to his 
own labor." 

Methinks I hear some of you saying: "I like 
Brother Yearout's talks to the preachers ; I think, too, 
they ought to give more of their time to studying and 
preaching." My beloved brethren and sisters, is it 
not possible that you are somewhat to blame for the 
poor preachers not studying and preaching more than 
they do? What have you done towards helping them 
and encouraging them? Remember, they have wives 
and little ones who are dependent upon them for food 
and clothing. You have selected the preachers from 
the membership, and placed upon them the responsible 
and far-reaching obligation, which is fraught with 
much anxiety and sacrifice, without previously consult- 
ing their wishes or feelings in regard to the matter. 
The brethren thus set apart feel the call is from God, 
and tremble when they look at the grave responsibili- 

ties accompanying the office ; but with a reverential 
fear they accept of the responsible position, because 
they believe the call comes from God, which is true and 
they cannot bear the thought of being disobedient. But 
here are the loving, confiding wives and little ones who 
are dependent upon the husbands and fathers, that you 
have in harmony with God's Word sent forth to preach 
the Gospel, and this will necessitate their going away 
from home more or less, and as a result they cannot 
see after their home affairs, and you know their fam- 
ilies are depending upon their work for a livelihood, 
and every day they spend in the service of the church, 
preaching, just makes one day less to work for their 

You stay at home and work every day, and then 
sometimes say you can scarcely make a living, and 
it is hard to make both ends meet. Well, do you ever 
think of the devoted and hard-working brother 
upon whom you have laid the extra burden of preach- 
ing the Gospel? You expect him to study and make 
his preaching forceful and interesting, and then some- 
times you sleep under it. How much have you given 
towards the support of his family while he is out giv- 
ing his time to the church, discharging the extra, grave 
duties you have helped place upon him? 

You feel the great need and importance of carrying 
out the Lord's last and great commission, in " teaching 
all nations," " preaching the Gospel to every creature." 
Now don't let your mind run wholly too far off, to In- 
dia, Africa and China. There are hundreds, yea, 
thousands, all around you that need the Gospel preached 
to them. But upon whom does the obligation to do 
this rest? Does the obligation enjoined by Christ rest 
only on the preachers ? Or does it rest upon all the 
members comprising the church, — the family of God ? 
Is it not a fact that God is no respecter of persons ? 
Does he require more work and sacrifice of the preach- 
ers and their families than of the laity ? 

" Now he that planteth and he that watereth are 
one : and every man shall receive his own reward ac- 
cording to his own labor." 1 Cor. 3:8; Psa. 62: 12; 
Rev. 2:23; 22: 12. It is very evident and clear from 
the above Scriptures that we will be rewarded only 
for that which we have done. If the preachers do 
most of the work, and make most of the sacrifices, 
surely they will receive the reward for that which they 
have done. You should never think of placing bur- 
dens upon others that you are not willing to assist 
in bearing. 

In order, therefore, that we be corecipients in the 
distribution of rewards, we must be colaborers in do- 
ing the work. Everyone should work with the means 
and ability God has given. If you cannot preach, 
you can give of your means and labor towards the 
support of those who can, and thus relieve them of 
the cares and responsibility of providing for the tem- 
poral wants of their wives and little ones, and thus 
you become a coworker with the ministry and God, 
and will receive your share of the rewards ; for by 
your aid and help the preacher is enabled to study 
and preach the Gospel to poor, lost sinners which 
he could not do were it not for your help. 

Surely you would not want the preacher to sacri- 
fice his time in studying and preaching the glad 
tidings of salvation while you spend all your time 
working for yourselves ? This would be an imposition 
upon the faithful preacher, and selfishness upon your 
part. There should be a co-operation of all the mem- 
bers in carrying forward the divine Master's work ; 
and all should be equally interested in the welfare 
of our beloved Zion. There is too much shifting 
of responsibility. 

" Dare to do right, dare to be true; 
You have a work that no other can do; 
Do it so kindly, so bravely, so well; 
Angels will hasten the story to tell." 

You say you are opposed to a salaried ministry. 
Amen. So am I. And the way to prevent this dead- 
ly octopus fastening its poisonous fangs into our be- 
loved Brotherhood is to co-operate with our faithful, 
loyal preachers, by coming to their aid, — relieving 
them as much as possible from the burdens and 
cares of this life, that they by our help and assistance 
may be enabled to carry into effect the great commis- 

sion of Christ, and thus cut off from the field those 
who desire to preach for a money consideration. 
While it is absolutely necessary that the preacher 
and his family have a livelihood, his object and pur- 
pose in preaching the Gospel should be far above a 
money consideration. 

How much do you suppose our evangelists get in 
the way of money and help, who preach in the out- 
skirts to the poor, and where there are but few mem- 
bers ? I know a brother who has given seventeen 
years of his life mostly to this kind of work, — 
preaching in schoolhouses, leafy arbors, and hay 
sheds, often, too, people were too poor, though willing 
to help the poor minister. This evangelist held a two 
weeks' meeting at one place, preached nineteen ser- 
mons and received $3.75. At another place he held 
a two weeks' meeting and received $7.00, and at an- 
other place where he held a two weeks' meeting he 
received $4.25 ; and on other occasions the amount 
received did not pay the actual traveling expenses. 
And this has often occurred. 

I am not talking about series of meetings in large 
congregations. It is the isolated and unorganized 
places I want you to help carry the Gospel to, and 
stand by your home minister who spends much of his 
time in the service of the church. Many of you give 
freely to traveling evangelists, and they deserve it too ; 
but what do you do towards helping your poor, hard- 
working home minister who has heavy burdens to 
bear? Are you administering to his wants so he can 
work the territory entrusted to him, and to the church 
to work for God? Think on these things! 

Warrensburg, Mo. 

■ ♦ • 



Evidently the apostle was addressing Hebrew 
Christians who were on the verge of apostasy. Per- 
haps his marvelous tact was never more exemplified 
than in the matchless skill displayed in addressing 
these people. 

It appears that at this period in the history of the 
church, persecution was rife. At first these perse- 
cutors were only to be found among the Jews, but as 
the church's influence was more and more felt the 
Gentiles became alarmed as to the probable overthrow 
of the pagan religion and combined with the Jews in 
their hatred and persecution. At this time all Jewry 
was the vassal of Rome, and necessarily their rights 
and privileges were circumscribed, so that ere this 
these persecutions were local and periodical, but when 
Gentiles conspired with the Jew in this hatred and per- 
secution then were the dogs of war let loose in ear- 
nest against these helpless people. 

The fact that the temple was still standing at Jeru- 
salem, in which all the gorgeous and magnificent rit- 
uals of the priesthood were carried on from day to 
day, was an additional discouragement ; for to the 
Jew who had been brought up amidst smoking altars 
and burning incense how mean in comparison was 
their simple worship ! No temple ! No priesthood ! 
No ritual ! 

The temptation presented to these people was quite 
different from that presented to the Galatians. There, 
it was simply to supplement their faith in Jesus Christ 
with the works of the ceremonial law, here it was the 
entire renunciation of Christianity itself. 

In this epistle the apostle shows that Christianity 
is superior to Judaism. In the main he argues that 
Christ, the founder of Christianity, was better than 
the prophets, superior to the angels, superior to 
Moses, and superior to Aaron, The Jews had 
a very exalted idea of the prophets, — these 
holy men " who at sundry times and in di- 
vers manners " had spoken to their fathers. The 
apostle argues that Christ, the founder of the Chris- 
tian religion, is as far superior to the prophets as a 
son is to a servant. The work of the prophet was pre- 
paratory, fragmentary and temporal, but the work 
of the Son was complete and final. He then argues 
that Christ is better than the angels, because he is the 
Son, the heir of all things, the sovereign creator of all 
things, was the image of the invisible God, had made 

Jan. 25, 1902 



an atonement for all mankind, and was forever en- 

As was the apostle's custom during the progress of 
his arguments frequently to digress for the purpose 
of enforcing his teaching, he now digresses for the 
purpose of Urging upon these people steadfastness, and 
warning them against the awful danger of apostasy. 
In exhibiting this great danger he raises the solemn 
question, " How shall we escape if we neglect so great 
salvation?" This interrogation embodies three great 
thoughts, which constitute the divisions of my dis- 
course, viz, the great salvation ; the way this great sal- 
vation is lost — neglect ; and the impossibility of escape 
if we neglect. 


1. It is great because the author is great. The Jews 
had a profound reverence for the angels, but the 
apostle shows that Christ was so far superior to the 
angels as to be worshiped by them. Not only this, but 
that he is the Eternal One who created all things, and 
has embodied in himself the essential elements of the 
Godhead so as to be called God. Truly a system of 
salvation promulgated by a being so infinitely great 
ought to have the serious consideration of men. 

2. It saves -from great sins. This salvation was 
not designed simply for the great, the mighty, the no- 
ble, and the good ; but for the vilest wretch as well. 
Christ says, " I came not to call the righteous, but sin- 
ners to repentance." Again, " They that are whole 
need not a physician, but they that are sick," and 
again, " The Son of man is come to seek and to save 
that which was lost." Likewise the prophet says, 
" Though your sins be as scarlet they shall be white as 
snow ; though they be red like crimson, they shall be 
as wool." Though you may be a murderer and the 
sentence of death has been passed upon you, and the 
doom of execution is awaiting you ; though you have 
stolen ; though you are a liar ; yea, though you have 
plunged into the gulf of licentiousness until you are 
nothing less than a moral leper, ostracized from so- 
ciety, so great is this salvation that it can save you 
in your most aggravated of sins. 

3. It saves from great dangers. The Scriptures 
everywhere represent mankind outside of the redemp- 
tion that is, in Jesus Christ — as sinners, and that the 
wages of sin is death. God has such a hatred for sin 
that lie says in his Word for the impenitent there is 
awaiting an eternal hell, an everlasting burning, an 
unending ruin. Over the head of everyone out of 
Christ is hanging this awful doom. The Gospel did 
not create this danger, but points it out, and tells how 
to escape. 

4. It exalts men to high estates. This salvation 
discovers man in his helpless and undone condition ; 
bestows upon him the grace of God ; imparts unto him 
the divine nature ; exalts him to princely honors ; 
clothes him with royal vesture; and crowns him with 
a golden crown. 

5- It was accomplished through great suffering. 
"All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned 
everyone to his own way, and the Lord hath laid upon 
him the iniquity of us all." " The chastisement of our 
peace was upon him: by his stripes we are healed." 
Just as the thunderbolt of God's justice was about to 
strike us, Christ voluntarily stepped between us and re- 
ceived the fatal blow. " He hath made him to be sin 
for us,- who knew no sin ; that we might be made the 
righteousness of God in him." See him as he is bear- 
ing this load in the garden of Gethsemane — the sweat 
rolling down over his pure brow as it were great drops 
of blood! Hear him a little later when his Father's 
face is turned away from him as he cries, " My God, 
my God, why hast thou forsaken me ! " 


There are some things we may neglect and suffer 
little or no serious consequences. Then there are oth- 
ers which to neglect means irreparable loss. This sal- 
vation in Christ is the one thing which it will not do to 
neglect. Observe : 

i- There may not be any grave offense against 
morality. You may be a good moral man— honest, 
sober, good citizen, etc., but if you are cut off in your 
neglect, you are lost because you neglected. If a man 

neglects his health, he must suffer. If a man neglects 
his business, he must fail. So in every department of 
life the consequence of neglect is irreparable loss. 

2. There may not be any decided refusal. There is 
no negative side to Christianity. To be a Christian 
means to take a position to stand for Christ. " He that 
is not for me is against me." To neglect to take a 
stand for Christ is to take a stand against him. 

3. The only thing a man needs to do in order to be 
lost is to do nothing. There are but three steps to 
hell, viz, neglect, indifference or hardness of heart. 
Continued neglect results in indifference, persistent in- 
difference terminates in hardness of heart. When once 
one reaches this state of reprobacy, he is given over to 
believe a lie and to be damned. 


i. God says, "My spirit will not always strive." 
If the strivings of the Holy Spirit are neglected too 
long, the Spirit himself will take his departure; and 
once he has taken his departure, the only thing before 
the individual is inevitable doom; for he is the very 
agent in regeneration, in illumination, and in calling. 
" No man can come to me except my Father draw 

2. There is but one life to live. That life is made 
up of bundles of opportunities, and if these oppor- 
tunities are neglected there is no possible escape; for 
there is no repentance beyond the grave. The idea 
that some place, somewhere, somehow one can be 
reconciled to God beyond the shadows of death is a 
delusion of the devil. Death fixes the destinies of men. 
" It i.: appointed unto man once to die, and after that 
the judgment." As death leaves a man, so will judg- 
ment find him. 

3. There are no more offerings for sin. " There 
is none other name given under heaven among men 
whereby we must be saved." When Christ with ex- 
piring breath on the cross exclaimed, " It is finished," 
he meant that God's last effort at the redemption of 
the race was now made. It is indeed the last time. 
It is believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and be saved, 
or reject him and die. In view, then, of the greatness 
of this salvation, of what it has cost, of what it ac- 
complishes, and of its authorship, and if it is neglected 
there is absolutely no escape, let me urge you now 
seriously to consider your own case. " Now is the 
accepted time." "To-day if you will hear his voice, 
harden not your hearts." Before you is life everlast- 
ing by believing on the Lord Jesus Christ; or death 
with all its terrors. Which will you have? Decide 

Sidney, Ohio. 



For the first three centuries Christianity had to de- 
fend itself and prove that it was not dangerous to the 
state, nor immoral, nor irrational. In the second cen- 
tury the central truth of faith was assailed, while " in 
the eighteenth century it was its literary documents." 

Deism was a special product of English soil and ex- 
tended from the middle of the seventeenth to the mid- 
dle of the eighteenth century. It dealt with a large 
number of topics. Among them were: " One as- 
sailed the Divine Person of the Founder of the faith, 
another its prophetic foundations, a third its miracu- 
Iousattestations, a fourth its canonical literature." Oth- 
ers specially emphasized the general deistic position that 
any revelation other than that given by nature was 
" unnecessary, impossible or unverifiable." 

" Common sense " seems to have been the keynote 
to which all else must be harmonized. But common 
sense, however rare and valuable, does not represent 
the full man. Pattison says, " The defect of the 
eighteenth century theology was not in having too 
much good sense, but in having nothing besides." It 
was claimed everything could be measured by the 
reason, and that it was sufficient for all things. But 
the ridiculous and often grotesque illustrations and 
arguments used against Christianity show how futile 
were the attempts of the sceptics of the eighteenth 

As new arguments were brought aginst the validity 
of Christianity, the Christian apologists were obliged 
to find new grounds of defense. A very common one 
was the utilitarian view taken of Christianity. It was 
argued that fear of future punishment and reward of 
future happiness were powerful incentives to godly liv- 
ing. But this is a low motive by which to convert 
people to the Christian religion and to keep them faith- 
ful in the discharge of the duties it brings. It minis- 
ters more to the good of the state than to the kingdom 
of God. But when external restraint is removed, the 
individual is worse off than before, often going into 
riotous excess. 

The Illuminism of Germany was a religious move- 
ment corresponding to deism in England. It was the 
doctrine of clear ideas by which the known truth was 
to be reduced to mathematical exactness in form and 
method. This led to the natural consequence of self- 

Some of the more cautious writers endeavored to 
point out the distinction between the religion practiced 
by Christ and that religion which regards him as God ; 
also the essence of Christianity to consist of love 
toward one another and not the opinions we hold con- 
cerning the divinity of Jesus Christ. That the devotees 
of any and all religions are members of one common 
family was emphasized, and that " men and religions 
arc to be respected in proportion as they practice or 
inculcate humane feeling; that that which is common 
to all religions is of more value than that which is 
peculiar to any one of them." 

Such a conception of religion led to the idea that 
religion in general is a useful invention and not the 
mere product of selfish and designing priests and 

The Illuminism regarded religion, particularly the 
Jewish and Christian, as useful, but, as Christianity 
superseded Judaism, so will (he religion of reason su- 
persede Christianity- The Old Testament was the 
primer in the process of this religious evolution. The 
New Testament was of course considerably in advance 
of the Old Testament, but the Gospel of reason will 
finally climax the whole, for the end of an education 
is to free the learner from the process or means by 
which he has gained his knowledge. 

\ prominent sceptical writer of the eighteenth cen- 
tury based all of his arguments against the Bible on 
two false assumptions ; ( r ) That if at any time a 
revelation were to be given to man it would be a com- 
plete and precise system. (2) The recipients or 
agents of this revelation would he men of blameless 
lives. From such assumptions it is easily seen there 
would be little difficulty in showing the Christian 
Scriptures to be false. Another prominent sceptic was 
forced to acknowledge the " holiness of the Gospel 
which speaks to the heart." 

But the Christian finds an old illustration a very apt 
one in this connection, viz, that the Bible is like a cube, 
no matter how many times it be overturned it is always 
the same size, as high and broad and deep as before. 

North Manchester, Ind. 



It is exceedingly painful to me when I go into the 
meetinghouse, to see the members seated half-way 
between the pulpit and the door, and all the front seats 
empty. And then I see those who are not members 
of the Brethren church, and sometimes entire stran- 
gers, come in at the door, and the members keep their 
seats, and the stranger must get a seat the best way 
he can. If a neighbor or a stranger were to come 
to your dwelling house, would you not see that he 
was comfortably seated? Should we not exhibit as 
good manners in the house of the Lord as in our own 
houses? Strangers do not feel good to come to the 
front, and sit down between the members and the 

I have seen so much of this that I now ask you all 
to let me see it no more. 




Jan. 25, 1902 



In this practical age, rich in endeavor and grand in 
achievement, can we conceive of a more important work 
than that of the Sunday school ? This is emphatically 
an age of activity — one in which men's talents and 
energies are being taxed to their utmost to meet the 
demands made upon them. But we must not forget 
that Christian training, of which the Sunday school is 
an important factor, gives men superior courage in 
the hour of greatest activity, wisdom in the hour of 
conflict, and patient forbearance in the hour of trial. 

The model Sunday school is not a substitute for the 
family, for the public church service, or for the other 
religious meetings of the church ; but it is a department 
of the church of Christ, in which theWord of Christ is 
taught for the purpose of bringing souls to Christ and 
of building up souls in Christ. 

Its purpose is to make the whole world brighter and 
better, to take the little children and implant in their 
minds and hearts those principles which will fit them 
for lives of usefulness, to develop the good traits in 
the character of the individual and help him throw 
aside those habits which, tend to his downfall. Its pur- 
pose is to discipline and fit him for the duties and re- 
sponsibilities of life; and, last and greatest of all, to 
place in his heart that sacred trust in God which will 
enable him to meet life's demands faithfully, bear its 
ills patiently, and finally receive the welcome plaudit, 
" Well done." 

The workers in the model Sunday school are ener- 
getic workers, those who do not spend their time wish- 
ing that the work may prosper, but do with their might 
what their hands find to do. They are consecrated 
workers, those who have a sincere desire to see the 
work prosper and who realize that every individual 
exercises an influence for good or evil ; that the world 
reads the lives of Christian workers, and that much 
may be accomplished by a pious example. 

The model Sunday school loves the work it has to 
do. It does not do things because it is a duty, but be- 
cause it is a pleasure. It is also one that is noted for 
its punctuality. It is not one that waits a half hour 
or more after its regular time to begin, and then ex- 
pects to do its required work. 

In this Sunday school there is an earnest cooperation 
between the teachers and officers of the school. Every 
person connected with the school feels a deep interest 
in every other person in the school. Each feels that 
the success of himself depends upon the success of oth- 
ers, and that the success of others depends upon his 
own success. 

The model Sunday school is constantly erecting in 
the hearts of humanity a monument which will defy 
the rust of ages; and is a happy, virtuous, truth-loving, 
prosperous Sunday school. 

Is ours a model Sunday school ? 
Roanoke, La. 



Go ye therefore aDd teach all nations, baptizing them in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Hrly Ghost.— 
Matt. 28: ig. 

Nowhere in the Book of God is found a more ex- 
plicitly given command than the one Jesus gave to 
go, teach and baptize all nations. How plain it is ! It 
told the disciples to " go," and to " teach " and how 
they should do what was demanded of them to do ; yet 
no command is more discussed and more widely mis- 

The participial verb, " baptizing," tells whether 
sprinkling, pouring or dipping is to be used. Besides 
the meaning of the word itself there is much in other 
parts of the Bible to substantiate the meaning of the 

The word " baptizing," as it appears in our English 
Bibles, is an Anglicized, transferred word from the 
Greek and not translated, but where it is found trans- 
lated — and this is done in most dictionaries — it is 
rendered dip. dipping or immersion. These words 

tell us what to do, and with their meaning do all the 
Scriptures harmonize, or else the divisions among us 
are justifiable; but Paul says, "See that there be no 
divisions among you." 

John the Baptist says, " I indeed baptize with 
water, "though when found where he did his baptizing 
it was " in Jordan," or where there was " much " 
water. Matt. 3 : 6 and John 3 : 23. Also, in the mar- 
ginal of the R. V. of John 3:^3 the proposition is 
rendered " in." 

When John [he Baptist said, " I indeed baptize 
with (in) water," he wished to distinguish himself 
from the Messiah who should follow, and simply men- 
tions that he baptizes with (in) water and that Christ 
baptizes with (in) the Holy Ghost. See marginal ren- 
dering of John 3 : 23, R. V. 

Dear reader, what would you think of a minister if 
he should say, " I will baptize you in water," and then 
take up a little water in his hand and sprinkle it on your 
head? This kind of an administrator you make John 
the Baptist if you say he sprinkled his subjects. No, 
do not say that, but get to the correct rendering and 
use the " in " — " I indeed baptize ' in ' water. 5 ' 

While the meaning of the word gives us an intelli- 
gent understanding of what our blessed Lord wants 
us to do; the command is so constructed that we can 
fully decide what was intended in the administering 
of the rite of baptism. In this command we have the 
intransitive verb go, the transitive verb teach and the 
transitive participial verb baptizing, which means a 
dipping:ior so it is given in Worcester's dictionary and 
Wilson's " Diaglott." 

By trying for a correct insight to the meaning of the 
word we find it implies repeated actions as in the fol- 
lowing, viz., a. chopping, a sowing, a harvesting, etc. 
Quite plain it is that these all imply repeated action, 
but do not state the number of times, only that they 
recognize more than one. For the definite number of 
times, the phrases of the command indicate with plain- 
ness. I very distinctly remember Prof. Gate's para- 
phrasing of Matt. 28 : 19. Here it is : " In the name of 
the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the 
name of the Holy Ghost." Here he recognized the 
omission of a relation term and supplied it by repeating 


Anyone wishing proof of authority for doing this 
may find the same by referring to rules governing the 
analysis of elliptical sentences in most grammars. See 
also Greene's English Language, page 7. where he 
states that " often the whole or a part of a relation term 
is omitted." It is obvious that this command requires 
three actions to satisfy it ; but further to impress the 
true meaning of the command let it be compared with 
another sentence of like construction: " Go ye there- 
fore, and teach all nations, instructing them in the 
language of the Hebrews, and of the Greeks, and of 
the Latins." " Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, 
baptizing thero in the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Matt. 28 : 19. Here are 
two sentences identical in their construction, and they 
are analyzed and parsed in the same way. One re- 
quires you to instruct in the three languages — though 
the word language is only used one time, and in the 
singular — and the other asks for you to baptize in the 
three names — though the word name is only used 
one time and in the singular, as the first one is. In 
each sentence we have a participial verb modified by 
like phrases which are themselves modified by like 
phrases. Kind reader, let us prayerfully consider 
Matt. 28: 19 in the interest of our souls. 

Seven Springs, N. C. 

Does it rain to-day ? Is it dark and gloomy ? That 
is all right ; there must be some stormy days. To-mor- 
row the clouds will have a silver lining, or disappear 
entirely. Does the sun shine? Enjoy the sunshine. 
To-morrow may be bright also. Are you well? En- 
joy your health and use it to the best advantage. Are 
you ill? Then it is a day in which to be patient and 
endure cheerfully. Are you free from trouble? Then 
it is a thanksgiving day. Are you carrying heavy bur- 
dens for yourself or others? Then it is a day for the 
rolling off your burdens at the foot of the cross. — 
Louise Heywood. 



Lesson for February 2, ig 2, 

GoldEn Text. — There is none other name under heaven 
given among men, whereby we must be saved — Acls 4: it, 

One of the strange things which we meet in life 
is, that doing good should produce opposition. The 
day before, the two disciples, Peter and John, were on 
their way to the temple that they might observe the 
hour of prayer. And on their way they healed a poor 
man who had been lame for many years. So good an 
act would be supposed to bring praise and commenda- 
tion from right thinking people. This should be so, 
and would be if all men had the right spirit and were 
as they should be. 

These people, the priests, the captain of the temple 
and the Sadducees, only a short time before this, had a 
hand in the arrest, mock trial, and crucifixion of Jesus, 
who spent his active life in going about doing good. 
They hated him because his deeds were good and 
theirs were evil. And in this name Peter declared that 
the healing of the lame man was done. Now that 
Peter and John, who by this act of healing had become 
prominent, should preach in this name grieved them so 
much that they laid hands on them, arrested them and 
had them placed in prison. In this they had two pur- 
poses ; first, that they might in this way stop their 
preaching to the people for the time being. The 
preaching was exceedingly distasteful to them be- 
cause of their former action. It made them the guilty 
party, and therefore it must be stopped. And second, 
that they might have these men tried, convicted and 
persecuted, and more — killed if possible. 

Accordingly, the next day court was convened and 
the whole pack of them banded together to try to con- 
demn these two good men. The first question that 
was put to them was by what power or authority they 
had healed this lame man. They knew very well that 
it was not by their power, neither by their authority. 
They had no such power to grant. And this was what 
grieved them. It would have been all right had the 
authority and power come from them. But because it 
did not they were jealous and wanted the work 
stopped. We say, How mean! Yes, it was bad 
enough, but we still have some high priests, Caia- 
phases, Johns and Alexanders. And they do the same 
thing to-day or similar ones. There is a big difference 
in our estimation, between what we do and what Bro. 
Cephas does. It is this jealous, selfish spirit that we 
want to get out of our hearts and lives. It is the 
father of all persecution, and not at all like the Christ 

But Peter was not at all abashed in the presence of 
these dignitaries. He was filled with the Holy Ghost, 
and told them plainly where the power came from — 
and several more things than they asked for. 

This is the power we all need. It will take from our 
hearts all jealousy and give us boldness to tell the 
truth, though persecution may follow. There is noth- 
ing strange about this. The good always had more or 
less persecution to bear. Bad men and women hate 
the light — the truth — because their deeds are evil. 
Cain hated his brother to death because his deeds were 
evil and his brother's good. And so it has been all 
along the line of history. But in the end it will be well 
with the righteous and sad with the evil doers. 

The practical thoughts we get from this lesson are 
that there is a struggle between right and wrong, and 
that the right will always meet more or less opposition, 
because of the prevalence of sin. But it is always safe 
to be on the side of right, because it is on the side of 
power — it is the Lord's side — and when on his side 
we have the promise of his presence ; also, the Holy 
Spirit which will lead us in right paths and to eternal 
life. h. b. b. 

The chief object of our affection, whatever that ob- 
ject may be, is our moral monarch, and determines 
where our interest is going to be centered, where our 
inquiries are going to be made and where our efforts 
are going to be put forth. — Emerson. 

Jan. 25, 1902 



^-HO ME x AND * FAMILY-*-^ 



We are quite sure 

That he will give them back— bright, pure and beautiful; 

We know that he will but keep 

Our own and his until we fall asleep. 

We know he does not mean 

To break the strands reaching between 

The Here and There. 

He does not mean — though heaven be fair — 

To change the spirits entering there, that they forget 

The eyes upraised and wet, 

The lips too still for prayer— 

The mute despair.' 

He- will not take the spirits which he gave, and make 

The glorfied so new 

That they are lost to me and you. 

I do believe 

They will receive 

Us— you and me— and be so glad 

To meet us that when most I would grow sad 

I just begin to think about that gladness 

And the day 

When they shall tell us all about the way 

That they have learned to go- 
Heaven's pathways show. 

My lost, my own and I 

Shall have so much to see together by and by, 

I do believe that just the same sweet face, 

But glorified, is waiting in the place 

Where we shall meet if only I 

Am counted worthy in that by and by. 

I do believe that God will give a sweet surprise 

To tear-stained, saddened eyes, 

And that his heaven will be 

Most glad, most tided through with joy for you and me, 

As we have suffered most. 

God never made 

Spirit for spirit, answering shade for shade, 
And placed them side by side — 
So wrought in one, though separate, mystified — 
And meant to break 

The quivering threads between. When we shall wake 
I am quite sure we will be very glad 
That for a little while we were so sad. 
Carthage, Mo. 


you are. Will a Christian be helped in any respect by 
that which is evil ? I do not believe that he who em- 
ploys the work of evil is worthy of the name. It is 
the work of a Christian to desire to be led in the path 
of his own teaching. How far is it from your doctrine 
and profession to wear a painted face which is unbe- 
coming the name of Christian, since in Christianity 
every simplicity is taught, to deceive with a false ap- 
pearance when you teach that it is wrong to do so with 
the tongue, to seek what is not given, since it is peculiar 
to exercise temperance in dress, the use of which is 
a mark of modesty! Do you believe, blessed women, 
that in the manner in which you nourish the precepts 
of God you are not fostering his features in you? " 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 




1 give below an interesting passage from the Latin 
writings of Tertullian, a celebrated Christian writer 
who lived in the second century. He was a native of 
Carthage and grew up a pagan. Afterwards he em- 
braced Christianity, of which he became a most power- 
ful advocate by his writings. He is an eloquent writer, 
possessing an elevated style and much strength of 
reasoning. Undoubtedly he exerted a powerful in- 
fluence over the early church and the pagan world as 
well. My translation may perhaps be too literal for 
the productivity of the smoothest English, but I have 
attempted to keep the thought as in the original as 
nearly as possible. 

" One ought not to dress beyond the simple and 
necessary requirements of neatness or beyond what is 
pleasing to God. Women commit sin when they at- 
tempt to beautify their complexions with drugs, to 
paint red their cheeks and to blacken their eyebrows 
and lashes. The work of God is evidently displeasing 
to such, for they disapprove of it as it is found in their 
own persons and resort to every artificial means to 
change it. They engage in that which is evil when 
they presume to improve God's work and to make addi- 
tions to it, especially, since they obtain those additions 
by an artificial means which is contrary to the Divine 
will. For what right have we to change the body if 
we cannot change the soul of man? God has undoubt- 
edly endowed us with dispositions of this sort in order 
that, in some way, we may point out his handiwork in 
us. Whatever exists is the work of God. Therefore 
whatever is designed beyond that is the work of evil. 
How wrong to color the work of God with the stains 
of Satan! Our servants do not borrow from our 
enemies. Soldiers do not ask anything from the 
enemy of their own general. It is improper to seek 
favors from the enemy of him under whose direction 

In the early part of December Secretary Hay gave 
a hearing at the state department, to representatives 
of the missionary societies, the Reform bureau, the 
Anti-Saloon League and the Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union, in regard to petitions for active efforts 
on behalf of our government to secure the prohibition 
of the sale of intoxicating liquor and firearms to un- 
civilized races and to relieve China of the legalization 
of the opium traffic. A deputation of fifteen or sixteen 
representative persons was cordially received by the 
secretary and brief addresses in support of the peti- 
tions were made by Rev. Mr. Russell, president of the 
Anti-Saloon League, and others. 

At the close of the interview the secretary expressed 
himself as in hearty sympathy with the desire of the 
petitioners and the object they sought to accomplish ; 
and said that while, of course, he could not say defi- 
nitely what the government would do, and the difficul- 
ties the government might have to meet would be 
appreciated by the deputation, they could be assured 
of the hearty sympathy of the department in the laud- 
able work they sought to accomplish and of such action 
as it was possible for the government to take. An 
immense petition, signed with thousands of names, 
and to which other thousands will soon be added, was 
laid upon the secretary's table and was kindly received 
by him. 

It would seem that there should be no hesitation on 
the part of the secretary of state to comply with the 
request of the deputation. President Roosevelt, in 
his message to Congress, said: " In dealing with abo- 
riginal races few things are more important than to 
preserve them from the terrible physical and moral 
degradation resulting from the liquor traffic. We 
are doing all we can to save our Indian tribes from 
this evil." 

Even the President's words, positive as they are, 
do not fully represent the terrible curse which this evil 
has been to the American Indians and the fruit which 
this evil has borne in Indian wars and the consequent 
loss of life both of whites and of Indians. But the 
il effects upon American Indians do not compare 

" Will you do me the favor to read this paper? " 
"Can't do it — left my glasses at home," was the 
" Then I will state the contents to you." 
" No use, no use. I'm so deaf. I couldn't catch 
more than one word out of three." 

" I'm a poor man with a wooden leg, sir." 
"Yes, I see — I see. Lots of poor men have no 
wooden legs. You are lucky, sir, and I congratulate 
you. Must have cost you fifty dollars, and I presume 
it is a nice leg." 

" If you have any clothes, sir." 
" Yes, but I haven't." 
" Or old boots," 

" I'm wearing my old boots, you see. Your're just 
six months too early to get 'em," 

" I haven't had a meal since yesterday." 
" Nor I, either. We are cleaning house, and for 
the last three days I've had to eat a cold lunch off the 

" Then you couldn't spare a nickel? " 
"How can I? Ain't I walking home because I 
haven't money to ride on the car? " 

" Is that so? Then we're both hard up." 
" Of course we are." 

"And beingyou're the worst off here's a cold sausage 
I got at the house below, and here's a nickel, to ride on 
the cart I tell you, sir, us poor folks has got to have 
more pity for the rich and do better by 'em or we'll all 
go to the poorhouse." — Sent by A. C. Root, of Hoylc, 


From Jan. 1 to Dec. 19 we have had forty-three 
meetings ; attendance from three to ten. Our work 
consisted of making ninety-seven garments, four com- 
forts, piecing and quilting quilts. We have sent a box 
of clothing to the Brooklyn mission ; also have dis- 
tributed among the poor at home and in the city of 
Reading. Money received during the year, $12.25; 
balance on hand, $378. 

Mrs. M. Ellen Hofff.r, Sec. 
Palmyra, Pa. 



with the evil effects of such liquors upon other native 
races. If it is necessary to preserve the American 
Indian from the terrible physical and moral degra- 
dation resulting from the liquor traffic, it would seem 
equally necessary to preserve other aboriginal races 
and equally desirable that we should exert our power 
to the utmost to contribute to that result. This we 
can do in a large measure in co-operating with Eng- 
land in her effort along this line. 

However much we may have done, we are not 
protecting the Indian races so much as we should. 
The sale of liquor to Indians in the states and terri- 
tories, including Alaska, should be absolutely prohib- 
ited. The sale of liquor in the Philippines should 
come under the same ban. The President might well 
say, as he says of aboriginal races in general: "In 
dealing with the Philippine races, few things are more 
important than to preserve them from the terrible 
physical and moral degradation resulting from the 
liquor traffic." If they are to become the victims of 
" fire-water," as have the American Indians, there is 
little hope of our efforts for their intellectual, social 
and political elevation bearing the fruit we desire and 
expect. — N. W. Christian Advocate. 

you will look at a dummy clock that is hung out 
as a sign before a jewelry store you will probably find 
that the hands are pointed on the face of the clock to 
eight. Yod will be surprised to know, perhaps, that 
this time has been used by jewelers since the assassina- 
tion of President Lincoln in 1865, that being the hour 
at which the assassination took place. Chicago jewel- 
ers are talking of changing the time on their dummy 
clocks to 3: 55, the moment when President McKinley 
was shot. Some Chicago jewelers have already made 
the change. 



For Week Ending Feb. g, tool. 

It is done in 

Cud Does Not Willingly Afflict. Lara. 3: 33 
love. Heb. 12: 6; Job 5: 17; Psa. 04: 12. 
Chastening! Show that We Are Children. Prov. 3: II, 12; 
Deut. 8: 5. For our good. Rom. 8: 28; Psa. 119: 71. first 
clause. Keeps us in the way. Psa. 119: 67. Drives us to 
God. Hos. 5: 15, latter clause; Deut. 4: 3°. 31- Refines us 
by purging us from dross. Mil. 3: 3. fi"< clause; Isa. 48: 
10. Makes us fruitful. 2 Cor. 8t 2; Heb. 12: 11; Jer. 12: 2; 
I Pet, 1:7. Makes us patient. Rom. 5: 3. 
Affliction Common to All. I Pet. 5; 9; 1 Cor. 10: 13. Brief 
at the worst. 2 Cor. f. 17. We should be willing to do or 
suffer God's will. John 4: 34; Dan. 4; 3S; S.'"- 'T- '7. firsI 
clause; Judg. 5; 2. 
. Hope Ever in Cod. Isa. 50; 10; Psa. 42: 5. «• *"■!■ 
16: 25; Isa. 26: 16. Try to impart comfort 
I Thess. 4; 18; 2 Cor. 1:4; Gal. 6: 2. 
. The Lord's Promise. God does not always take away the 
burden, but he does promise to sustain the bearer. Psa. 55: 
22 The Lord is near his own. Psa. 125; 2. Underneath 
are the everlasting arms. Deut. 33: 27. Above are the ev- 
erlasting wings. Psa. 91:4- 





Jan. 25, 1902 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Miller. Illinois, } „.. I J. H. Moore, - - - Office Editor. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Pa., ) °"' | Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

JOS. Amice, Business Manager, 

AdrUory Cowtwiiiue; Daniel Bay. W. B. Dnitr, Bdvaid FraaU 

|yAll business and communications intended for the paper should bo 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to any 
individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 

s Second-class Matter. 

Bro. J. G. Rover is to open a Bible school in the 
South Waterloo church, Iowa, Feb. 14. 

The meetings at Lanark are growing in interest. 
Eleven have been baptized, and others await the 
sacred rite. 

Bro. John W. Lear, of Lordsburg. Cat, has ar- 
ranged to locate at Cerrogordo, III. He will move 
about the first of March. 

The Bible Term recently held in the Canton church, 
Ohio, by Bro. E. S. Young, resulted in ten persons 

applying for membership. 

Bro. S. Z. Sharp writes that he is now in the midst 
of a joyous meeting in the church at McKee Gap, Pa., 
and that eight persons have applied for membership. 

Bro. D. B. Gibson is now engaged in a series of 
meetings in Goshen, Ind. He reports several con- 
versions, and expects to close the meetings this week. 

Because of the lack of information we last week 
failed to give Bro. O. H. Yeremian's full address at 
Kansas City, Mo. He can be reached at 805 McGee 

Bro. J. M. Moi-iler, who is preaching in Michigan, 
expects to close his labors in the West shortly and re- 
turn to his home at Lewistown, Pa., in the early part of 

There is always room in the Messenger for first- 
class essays, that are full of interest and put up in a 
good, readable form. The man or woman who has some- 
thing of special importance to tell, and knows how to 
present it, is certain to have his article widely read if it 
appears in our columns. 

The American Boy says that a hundred years from 
now all newspapers and most magazines now printed 
will have rotted away. The books that are surest of 
preservation are those special editions printed on Jap- 
anese paper. Our descendants a hundred years from 
now will think that we had no newspapers and no mag- 
azines, or issued them in limited editions. 

At Elgin we were favored with a number of callers 
last Sunday. They were here from several States, and 
we were pleased to have them with us in our services. 
Among the number was Bro. J. M. Myers, a young 
minister of Cando, N. Dak. He is spending some 
months at Mt. Morris in Bible work. He thinks the 
outlook for our people in North Dakota is quite en- 

Bro. D. L. Miller has been giving illustrated Bible 
Land talks at Franklin Grove, this State, for the last 
ten days. At all of his meetings he was greeted with 
large crowds, and the people became intensely interest- 
ed in his talks and illustrations. On Saturday evening 
last a collection was taken up for the India sufferers, 
resulting in nearly $250. We recommend the liberali- 
ty of our Brethren and friends at Franklin Grove, for 
many not members of the church assisted in the good 
w.ork, and may their efforts to relieve the wants of the 
starving provoke others to do as well. 

For ten days we will not be able to fill orders 
for the Brethren's Hymnal. The great demand for the 
work has exhausted one edition after another, and now 
wc are out. We have the printers at work on a large 
edition, and must hold all the present and future orders 
until this edition is ready for filling orders. 

Several weeks ago Prince Adalbert, the third son of 
Emperor William of Germany, visited Jerusalem. Ac- 
companied by forty-nine officers he came to Jaffa in a 
German warship, and from there went up to the Holy 
City and attended services in the German church. 
Later he visited the different places of importance in 
and about the city, and seemed greatly interested in 

Let no one refuse to write for the columns of the 
Messenger simply because he is not a regular contrib- 
utor. If he has something good, and knows how to 
say it our readers want to hear from him. In the way 
of good, interesting and helpful reading matter the 
Messenger wants the very best there is to be had. We 
always have room for something that is sound, practi- 
cal and interesting. 

The day we write this item we lay four obituary 
notices to one side. Two of them do not mention the 
place of death, one omits the date of the death of the 
deceased and the other does not give the age of the 
deceased. The day before several notices had to be 
declined for the same reasons. We state this so that 
our people may know why scores of death notices sent 
us for publication do not appear in the Messenger. 

In the United States of America there are over 
13,000,000 boys between the ages of five and twenty 
years. About 1,700,000 of these are negro boys. 
New York has more boys than any other State in the 
Union. The smallest number- is claimed by Nevada. 
In fifty years from now only a few of this great army 
of happy boys and young men will be left. Each par- 
ent may well exclaim, " Oh, what shall become of my 

On account of a great rush of business following 
the holidays, we are several days behind with the work 
in the business department. Our clerks work until 
a late hour each evening, but the increase of business 
is so great that they find it simply impossible to keep 
up even with the mails. The work will soon slack up 
a little, then orders on reaching the House can receive 
immediate attention. In the meantime we ask our pa- 
trons to be a little patient. This is our harvest, and it 
comes but once a year. 

Someone wants to know what about the big " I's " 
and little " you's " in the church. The trouble is to 
find them. Charge a man with being a big " I " in the 
church and he will deny it, and of course such a charge 
could never be proven. As for the little "you's," we 
hardly know how we would go about picking them out. 
They may be in the church, in the estimation of some- 
body, but how are we going to locate that somebody ? 
And then, after all, we do not believe that there is as 
much in this big " I " and little " you " business as 
some people think. Each member has his place in the 
church, and if he will do his duty, he is certain to find 
it. But if anyone insists on the little " you's " being a 
reality, we will have to say that God may possibly have 
some use for them in the economy of grace, but we 
cannot see what he could make of a big " I." 
Respecting a home in heaven the little " you's " may 
have the better chance after all. 

From the Mt. Morris Index we learn that special 
efforts will be made to amply endow the Brethren's col- 
lege at that place. In fact the fund has already been 
started. This is the wise and proper thing to do. All 
of our schools that are so located as to assure perma- 
nency, should have a good endowment fund, and 
then the school property, by trustees, be held in trust 
for the Brotherhood. This is the only way of making 
our schools a real success, and it can be done without 
financially involving the churches in the least. We are 
glad that our people are moving out along this line. 
What we here say is meant to apply to our educational 
interests generally. The Messenger is interested in all 
of our educational work. 

Bro. C. P. Rowland has arranged to remain in Ten- 
nessee until March. He is enjoying his work in the 
South and is very much pleased with the people. Un- 
der date of Jan. 14 he writes: "In closing up my 
year's work I find that I have preached 320 sermons 
and spent 300 days in church work during 1901, and 
during all that time the Lord has blessed me. During 
the present year I want to devote still more time to the 
Master's work." 

Concerning legitimate news for a religious paper 
the editor of the Christian Evangelist has this to say: 
" But is it legitimate news when a preacher writes that 
he has been called at an increased salary to two differ- 
ent congregations (naming them perhaps), but has 
declined? Or when one writes that he has just closed 
the most glorious meeting ever held in Smithtown, and 
has received nine other applications for meetings which 
he does not intend to hold ? Such information might 
be interesting and legitimate if it came from some dis- 
interested source, but it is certainly lacking in all del- 
icacy and taste when the person most concerned hastens 
to get it into print as an advertisement of the fact that 
be is in great demand." 

Bro. J. E. Miller of Urbana, 111., writes that he 
recently attended the Baptist services in that city, and 
the Baptist minister spoke in behalf of the Standard, 
the leading Baptist paper, and said that every Baptist 
family should have a Baptist paper in its house, for he 
thought that next to the Bible that was necessary to 
being a Baptist. The minister is to be commended 
for his good sense and earnestness. He did for his 
Baptist paper just what each elder in the Brotherhood 
should do in behalf of the Messenger. Each elder 
should not only have the paper in his family, but he 
should urge his members to read it. Were this done 
the paper would" have a much larger circulation. As 
a help in keeping up the spiritual life of the church, 
the Messenger stands next to the Bible. Not a mem- 
ber in the Fraternity should ever think of being with- 
out it. 

A sister writes that she once visited a locality where 
a number of ministers of fair ability resided, and 
learned to her surprise that none of them preached of- 
tener than once in four weeks. Her home is in the 
West, where the ministers are active, and where some 
of the members think little of driving ten miles to meet- 
ing. It is hard for her to understand why work is not 
laid out so as to keep all the preachers fairly busy. 
She thinks that a preacher of good attainments should 
be about his Master's work every Lord's Day. In 
this the sister is practically correct. Ministers should 
be kept busy ; that is, they should have entrusted to 
them a fair amount of work and then be held responsi- 
ble for it. This is the way to develop efficiency in the 
ministry, and is a department of training that should 
not be neglected. More than likely several of our 
readers have something they would like to say on this 

The Baptists of New York, says the Chicago 
Tribune, have decided to raise a twentieth century fund 
of $1,000,000 or more to be expended along the lines 
of church effort. By taking this step they have imitat- 
ed the Episcopalians, who are raising a similar but 
larger fund, and the Methodists, who last year began 
the raising of a jubilee year fund of twenty millions, 
and have now nearly accomplished the task. Looking 
at it from a business point it is suggested that religion 
in America is costly. To maintain the churches of this 
country and to make the usual annual advance requires 
$260,000,000 a year. The outside donations and be- 
quests to churches and religious enterprises last year 
amounted to only $6,298,480, leaving the huge sum of 
$253,701,520 to be raised by the regular Sunday con- 
tributions, pew rents, bazaars, and individual gifts in 
sums less than $1,000 which are not included in the 
Tribune's statistics. Churches, like individuals, may 
become extravagant. They spend millions for things 
not necessary to advance or to even sustain religious 
interest. To raise large sums, where it can be done, 
is all right, but it must be evident to every observing 
person that much of the money, called consecrated 
money, is not prudently spent. 

Jan. 25, 1902 



In this issue may be found a number of papers that 
will be considered at the next Annual Conference. On 
some of the subjects embodied in these queries our 
readers may want to write. That is their privilege 
if they keep within reasonable bounds. We suggest 
that those who write mail us their articles not later 
than Feb. 15. We will not promise to publish all the 
communications, for there may be more on some sub- 
jects than would prove either interesting or profitable 
to our readers. Our aim will be to give articles on 
both sides of the more important questions, and this 
we shall do in such a way as to discourage controversy. 
It is truth that we want and not contention. Let those 
who write show all due respect to those who differ 
from them. In matters of this kind brevity is an im- 
portant consideration. 

Someone writes us and says, " The elder here is 
very much opposed to Sunday schools." This is one 
of the conditions that is hard for the Messenger to 
understand. There was a day when some real earnest 
and efficient church workers stood out against Sunday 
schools, but it is now high time that such opposition 
was entirely disappearing. There should be a real live 
Sunday school in every congregation in the Brother- 
hood, and the elder in charge should be the last man 
to oppose such a good and far-reaching work. The 
Sunday school is a power in the land for good. It 
lias reached every part of the fraternity, even finding 
its way to the Conference grounds. Those who attend 
next Annual Meeting will on Sunday morning see the 
largest Sunday school that they have ever seen. On 
the platform, and mixed in with the congregation 
generally, they will find the leading church workers 
of the Brethren church. They will observe them 
taking an active part in the proceedings. Why should 
anyone, having the care of a flock, think of standing op- 
posed to a work fully sanctioned and even urged by the 
Conference and all of our most faithful and zealous 
workers ? With such a noble work every elder should 
not hesitate to fall in line. 

For donations 1901 was a record-breaking year, the 
amount donated for various purposes reaching the ex- 
traordinary sum of $123,888,732. Of this huge sum 
$(18,850,961 has been given to colleges, universities, 
academies, seminaries, and institutes; $22,217,470 to 
chanties of various kinds; $15,388,700 to libraries; 
$11,133,112 to museums and art galleries; and $6,298,- 
489 to churches. The latter sum, of course, does not 
include the ordinary church offerings but only specified 
sums left by will or presented outright. More than 
half of this great sum has been given by three persons, 
as follows: Andrew Carnegie, $42,888,500; Jane L. 
Stanford, $30,000,000; and John D. Rockefel- 
ler, $2,889,750. In the detailed list there are 
twenty-eight gifts ranging from $500,000 to $30,000,- 
000 for various purposes, and fifty-one gifts to colleges, 
ranging from $100,000 to $30,000,000. Already the 
amountofmoneydemanded for charitable purposes runs 
up into billions, and in time, should the rich people of 
this country continue to get rid of their money in this 
manner, it will constitute a very important part of the 
wonderful wealth of the land. In donating of their 
wealth to charitable purposes our people have just 
started, and we have nearly a half million obtained in 
this way. As the years go by we may expect a com- 
mendable increase. 

An earnest minister in the West was brought face to 
face with want. He had to be much from home and 
could not give his crops the needed attention. This 
neglect and the drouth together left him but little on 
which to support his family. When Christmas morn- 
ing came the outlook for him and his dear ones was 
anything but encouraging. Later in the day some of 
the members, in their Sunday attire, drove up. They 
were followed by others and by 1 1 o'clock all the mem- 
bers save a few of the old and feeble, along with a num- 
ber of the neighbors, were at the preacher's house. 
They had baskets, buckets, sacks and other things, and 
very soon the minister and wife, to the joy and the 
comfort of their hearts, found themselves in possession 
of ample supplies for weeks. The callers had even 
brought their own dinners, and had the minister and 

family eat dinner with them. After that there was a 
little meeting and the people went to their homes, not 
knowing what a dark cloud they had rolled back from 
their ministers home. To the minister the sky be- 
came clear. He could think better than before, work 
better and his sermon the next Sunday was full of life 
and hope. He has more to live for than he thought. 
His flock is more concerned about his welfare than he 
had any reason to presume they would be, and now he 
goes about his work with a much lighter heart. We 
need not tell his name, but the incident referred to ac- 
tually occurred in one of the Western States. It prob- 
ably ought to have been duplicated in a hundred other 


A picture in a late issue of the Northwestern 
Christian Advocate represents an interesting scene in 
pioneer church work, such a scene as has often been 
witnessed by our older readers. The venerable-look- 
ing minister on horseback is just crossing the stream 
on his way up the road to the log schoolhouse where 
he has an appointment to preach. The entire congre- 
gation has filed out along the road, in front of the 
house, to see the preacher. Some have walked down 
the road so as to be permitted to greet him first. Here 
are young men and young women, and boys and girls, 
ready to welcome the man who has come to talk to 
them about religion. They are all in their Sunday 
clothes, and yet a few of the pious-looking brethren 
are coatless. Several are coming across the field and 
will be on hand by the time the minister gets his horse 
hitched to one of the trees standing in the back yard. 
Everybody wants to shake hands with the earnest man, 
and then they will all march into the house, secure 
seats or standing room, and never think of growing 
tired, though the meeting lasts two hours. They lis- 
ten intently to the reading of the Scriptures, and then 
hang on the words of the preacher. He may not be 
eloquent, but he is in deep earnest, and will impress 
his hearers in such a manner that they will go away and 
talk about the sermon for weeks. Not a few of our 
aged readers will remember these good old times, when 
the whole neighborhood turned out to every meeting, 
and the people showed by their conduct how they ap- 
preciated every part of the services. It is refreshing 
for one who has gone through with all these experienc- 
es to now and then live the past over again, and think 
of what we used to regard as the good old-time reli- 


January 17 found your Office Editor at Sterling, 
this State, for the purpose of holding a few meetings 
in the Brethren's commodious house of worship in that 
city. A short time ago the house was moved to a very 
desirable corner lot, enlarged and otherwise greatly 
improved. It is now heated with a furnace and lighted 
by electricity. The house is well arranged for both 
preaching and Sunday-school purposes, and on the in- 
side presents a real neat and cozy appearance. The 
Brethren here believe in making their church seem 
homelike. The prayer meeting room is admirably 
arranged, and we have reached an age when there 
should be connected with each house of worship a room 
for this purpose. 

The church at this time numbers nearly one hundred 
members, Bro. P. R. Keltner being their minister and 
elder. He gives his entire time, attention and energies 
to the work, and is making a success of it. He believes 
in one preacher for each congregation, and maintains 
that this is the only way to make city work a real suc- 
cess. He has promised to write for the Messenger 
an article on this phase of ministerial work. Our read- 
ers will be pleased to hear from him, for among us this 
is a live question. 

We were with the Brethren in four meetings, and 
were agreeably surprised at the large audiences that 
gathered to listen to the story of the Land and the 
Book. On Sunday night the house was packed, and 
the interest the best we have seen in a long while. We 
regretted that we could not remain longer, for the peo- 
ple seemed in a most excellent spirit for a protracted 

meeting. It always seems a pity to close a meeting 
when this promising condition exists. 

This was our first visit to Sterling for some years, 
and we found the condition greatly improved. The 
membership has increased, the congregations are much 
larger and there seems to be a good supply of real 
earnest, intelligent and faithful workers. If the mem- 
bers here will stand united in their work the time may 
not be very distant when we shall have a large and 
influential congregation in the city of Sterling. 


Someone has suggested that while Jesus was a 
great preacher and miracle worker he was no financier, 
for he provided, not even a place to lay his head. John 
the Baptist was eloquent; he could empty cities and 
fill the plains of Jordan with people. He stirred the 
nations, and even interested the king on his throne, but 
he, too, was no money maker, for his raiment was 
camel's hair and a leather girdle, while his food con- 
sisted of locusts and wild honey. Paul never accu- 
mulated property. When short of money he worked 
at tentmaking for a living. Now and then the church- 
es made up something for his support, while he gave 
his time and energies to the preaching of the Gospel. 
Barnabas may have possessed considerable property. 
but he doubtless secured his wealth before he com- 
menced preaching. 

So the outlook for financiers among the early minis- 
ters seems not to have been good. This is measurably 
true among modern preachers. A few of the able 
preachers are good financiers. But there are not 
many of them. Good preaching and large bank ac- 
counts seldom go together. Most of the wealthy 
preachers came in possession of their property before 
they gave themselves up to the active work of the min- 
istry, for when a man once enters the ministry he ha* 
very few opportunities to make more than a mere liv- 
ing, and sometimes not even that. 

It is common to hear people say of a minister, " He 
is a good preacher, hut he is no financier." How can ~ 
lie be a good financier when all of his energies must be 
given to something else than the gathering of money? 
His mind must be on his preaching and church work. 
Instead of studying how to make money he must study 
to show himself approved, a workman that necdeth 
not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of 
Truth. Instead of planning for an increase in his 
herds, he must plan for an increase of the member- 
ship in the church. The man may be a good worker, 
but he must give his energies to the vineyard of the 
Lord rather than to his own fields. 

He may neglect his own plow, hut should he neg- 
lect the gospel plow, then the cause will have to suf- 
fer. If he is a farmer, it is a rare thing for him to 
be a good one (unless he be a man of means) and at 
the same time feed the flock of God as it should be fed. 
He dare not neglect his appointments, but he must at 
times neglect his wife and children, The sheep of the 
Master's pasture must be well fed, even if the members 
of his own family now and then go hungry. No ; min- 
isters as a rule are not financiers, and how could they 

It is easy to criticise them, and find fault with them, 
but it would be far better to help them. It is easy to 
ask them to give for church expenses just as much as 
is expected of lay-members more wealthy, but is it 
fair? Is it right? The proper way would be not to 
expect too much of the preachers who have to bear the 
burden of preaching alone while all the rest go free. 

Now and then the health of the preacher's wife 
fails. The people say he neglected her, and did not 
provide well for her and the family, and that the poor 
woman had to work too hard. Well, whose fault has 
it been ? The preacher gave his time and energies to 
the church and had to neglect his family. Instead of 
censuring the preacher, and saying that he is no finan- 
cier, not a good business man and does not provide 
well for his family, it would be far better for those 
whom he serves to assist him, or in some way help him 
to do better. Churches should not let their worthy, 
earnest and hard-working ministers suffer. What we 
here say may not apply to all ministers, but it should 
apply to those who are diligent in the Lord's business. 



Jan. 25, 1902 


The law in some of the States does not permit the 
reading of the Scriptures in the public schools. In 
other States efforts are being made to bar the Bible 
out of the schoolhouses. It, however, appears that 
the Scriptures cannot be downed in Georgia. The 
State School Commissioner, writing to the Ram's Horn 

Under our law the Bible cannot be excluded from our pub- 
lic schools. As a matter of fact most of our teachers open 
their schools by reading a chapter in the Bible, the children 
reading alternate verses. In some cases parts of the Bible, 
like the Gospel, are used as reading books. The children of 
our rural schools, especially, receive daily Christian instruction. 
This may account for the fact that many of our best people 
come from the country. Nobody objects here, either in the 
town or in the city, to giving the children religious instruction. 
So far as I know none of our teachers ever abuse the discretion 
the law gives them in this matter. 


It would seem that the Committee of Arrangements 
for the coming Annual Conference to be held at Har- 
risburg, Pa., is composed of preachers who know how 
to work as well as how to preach. We glean from the 
Lebanon (Pa.) Semi-Weekly News of Jan 6: 

Preparations are already in progress for the big con- 
vention the German Baptist denomination will hold in 
the spring at Paxtang park, Harrisburg. 

Seven sturdy ministers, composing the Committee 
of Arrangements, arrived in the Capital City on Tues- 
day morning before daylight for the purpose of hold- 
ing a meeting for the consideration of some minor de- 
tails regarding the convention, but when they learned 
that five carloads of lumber were standing at North 
street and the Pennsylvania railroad, waiting to be 
unloaded and that no men could be secured to do the 
work, they laid aside their ministerial garb, donned 
the overalls of the American laboring man and com- 
menced unloading the lumber from the freight cars on 
to wagons. 

The lumber is to be used in the construction of the 
tabernacle and dining hall at the park. Three of the 
expounders of the Gospel were at the park and attend- 
ed to the work at that end, while the remaining four 
mounted the cars. They went about the work with a 
determination and vim that signified they were not 
unaccustomed to hard labor in addition to their minis- 
terial duties. 

They handled the boards like experienced lumber- 
men, and in fact so rapidly did they do their work that 
they kept eight two-horse wagons hustling between 
the cars and the park all day long. 

The work of putting up the buildings at the park 
will be carried on as economically as possible, and for 
this reason the lumber was unloaded in the city instead 
of taking it out to Paxtang, which would entail the 
extra expense of transferring the cars from the Penn- 
sylvania railroad to the Philadelphia & Reading. 

The tabernacle and dining hall are the chief build- 
ings to be erected by the committee. The Stand- 
ing Committee will occupy buildings in the 
park. Their business room and sleeping rooms 
are about two rods apart and about ten rods 
from the tabernacle. A number of tents will be erect- 
ed, but the lodging will be principally in Harrisburg 
and the village of Paxtang. 

Those who proved that they were not only laborers 
in Christ's vineyard but were capable and willing to do 
menial labor when occasion required, are T. F. Imler, 
of Lancaster; I. W. Taylor, Vogansville; S. R. Zug, 
Mastersonville; H. E. Light, Mountville ; Hiram Gib- 
ble, Manheim; S. H. Hertzler, Elizabethtown, and 
John Herr, Myerstown, this county. 


The following queries have been received for the 
Annual Meeting of 1902: 

We, the members of the Highland church, petition Aonnal 
Meeting through District Meeting, to reconsider minute of 
1880, page 13 of "Revised Minutes," aud amend so as not to 
permit any State District to be represented on the Standing 
Committee by proxy. Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Northern flissourl. 

We, the Bethel church, petition Annual Meeting through 
District Meeting, to say whether District Meetings in selecting 
committees to adjust difficulties, are restricted to their own 
District. Answer— Passed to Annual Meeting. 
fliddle ilissouri. 

(Centreview.) We petition Annual Meeting through District 
Meeting to require all committees sent by Annual Meeting to 
adjust trouble, to report to Standing Committee of the next An- 
nual Meeting the result of their labors. Answer.— Sent to An- 
nual Meeting. 

Southwestern Kansas, Southern Colorado and North- 
western Oklahoma. 

1, (Santa Fe Church.) Since our District is so large and 
our Mission Board so far from the work to be done, thus 
throwing so much responsibility on our missionary, therefore 
we, the Sante Fa church, recommend and aBk District Meeting 
to approve that each congregation desiring help from the Mis- 
sion Board appoint a committee of two or more whose duty it 
shall be to study the needs of their congregation and present 
the same to the Board as often as they deem it necessary or as 
often as the Board may require it, thus assisting to a fuller un- 
derstanding of the needs of the District. Passed to Annual 

2, (Rocky Ford.) As at present we have no method by 
which we may know persons available for home mission work, 
therefore we, the Rocky Ford church, Colorado, ask Annual 
Meeting, throuph District Meeting, to originate a Bureau of In- 
formation, which shall secure the names of all suitable persons 
who are willing to serve either in general or local work, and 
each such person shall have the approval ot the District Mis- 
sion Board from whence they move and also where they are lo- 
cated, thereby securing a better distribution of our ministry 
Passed to Annual Meeting. 

3, (McPherson Church, McPherson, Kansas.) Whereas un- 
der the present ruling some State Districts are entitled to more 
than one delegate on Standing Committee while othersare not; 
we therefore ask Annual Meeting through District Meeting to 
reconsider and so amend her ruling that no State District be 
entitled to more than one delegate on Standing Committee. 
Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Southeastern Kansas. 

The Southeastern District of Kansas petitions Annual Meet- 
ing of 1902 to disapprove any report of the Committee having 
in charge the papers before the meeting at Lincoln, Nebr., rela- 
tive to life insurance that would be favorable toanything of the 
kind in the church. Passed to Annual Meeting. 

1. When any man having two or mere wives or any wom- 
an having two or more husbands wishes to forsake heathen- 
ism and become a Christian, earnestly desires baptism and 
church fellowship, and promises faithfully to act according to 
the direction of the church, what shall be done? Answer,— In- 
asmuch as the customs of child marriage and of plurality of wives 
are very common in India, we prefer not to answer this ques- 
tion ourselves, but ask Annual Meeting to advise us in the light 
of the circumstances and according to the Word of God. Sent 
to Annual Meeting. 

2. We petition Annual Meeting through District Meeting, 
inasmuch as our native sisters in India who wear the sari, al- 
ways cover their heads with this sari when in the presence of 
men and in time of prayer, to so instruct our native sisters who 
wear the sari, that if they will continue tq veil their heads with 
the sari in time of prayer, they will do well. Passed. Sent to 
Annual Meeting. 

Texas and Southwest Louisiana. 

r. We, the Nocona church of Texas, ask Annual Conference, 
through our District Conference, that the name Dunker or Dun- 
kard be prohibited from being published by the Brethren Pub 
lishing House, as such names are misleading, and misrepresent- 
ed by dictionaries and commentaries, and are detrimental to 
the mission work of the Brethren church. Passed to Annual 

2. Inasmuch as we have already observed the salutation 
during feet-washing, we, the Manvel church, petition Annual 
Meeting through District Meeting of the District of Texas and 
Southwest Louisiana, to discontinue the use of the salutation 
between the supper and communion. Sent to Annual Meeting. 


Is it scriptural to baptizi 
on their heads? 

sisters wilhout the prayer cov 

They should ha'Ve some appropriate covering in 
keeping with 1 Cor. 11:4. The prayer offered by the 
administrator makes the occasion a time of prayer. 

When a series of meetings is held in one end of the church, 
should the other parts not especially benefited, be asked to 
bear a part of the expenses? 

It is proper for any congregation to make such ar- 
rangements about matters of this kind as she sees 
best. We should think that everybody in a congre- 
gation ought to feel more or less interested in all of 
the protracted meetings held within the bounds of the 

Is it proper for those who are not officials in the church to 
lead or conduct a prayer meeting? 

It is altogether proper for any of the laity, when 
Galled on, to lead the prayer meetings. We suggest 
that the laity be given the preference. It gives them 
something to do, and then it is helpful to them as well 
as to the church. 

Was it God's will that Joseph should be sold into Egypt by 
his brethren? 

God permitted the wicked act, and then overruled it 
for the good of his chosen people, and for the further- 
ance of his plans. In looking back over the past Jo- 
seph saw the hand of God in the act, and in that way 
comforted his brethren. Gen. 46:7; 50:20. 

Has a brother who uses tobacco, the right to reprove a sister 
who violates the teachings of the apostles by wearing go'd? 

Just turn this question around, and have it read 
thus : Has a sister, who violates the teachings of the 
apostles by wearing gold, the right to reprove a brother 
who uses tobacco? Our advice would be for both of 
them to reform, and then they will be in a position to 
help each other as well as others. 

Why was the city of Nazareth so despised by the Jews? 

As compared with other cities of Galilee, in the time 
of Christ, it was insignificant. It was not particularly 
despised, but it was unimportant. It was not a place 
of learning, and was in noway noted for any part taken 
in public affairs. It was difficult for anyone to believe 
that the promised Messiah could come out of such a 

Tell us why the term "of flies," in Ex. 8: 21, and following 
text, is given in italics, which indicates that these words have 
been supplied by the translators? What is there in the origi- 
nal to justify the words "of flies"? 

Some scholar thought the original would justify a 
different rendering, and for that reason the term " of 
flies " was placed in italics. The late revisers approve 
the first translation, and the text in the Revised Ver- 
sion now appears with the words " of flies " not itali- 

Did Dr. Talmage really baptize Mr. Houston by trine im- 
mersion in the river Jordan ? Some say he did, others say he 
did not, 

Dr. Talmage's own paper says the rite was by 
trine immersion. We have a copy of that issue. John 
Lemley, the editor of Zion's Watchman, Albany, N. 
Y., was in Jerusalem at the time, and met Mr. Houston 
a few days later, and by him was told that the rite was 
by trine immersion. We have a letter from Mr. Lem- 
ley stating these facts. 

Will a member of the church receive the promise by partak- 
ing of the communion, and not believing in the Lord's Supper? 
Is it a sin? 

Whatsoever is not of faith is sin. If the party has 
no faith whatever in the Lord's supper, he needs to be 
taught the way of the Lord more perfectly. But with 
him it may be a matter of opinion, a matter of judg- 
ment, and he can keep on going to the Lord's table as 
he proceeds with his investigation. God will bless the 
man who continues loyal while searching for more 
Gospel light. 



Previously reported gi 20 9 8 

Illinois — Rock River church, 44 50 

Pine Creek church, 6 00 

Indiana — David Flory, Adamsboro, 1 50 

Iowa — Cedar Rapids church, ? ny 

Kansas— Isaac B. Garst, Appanoose, 2 00 

John W. Fishburn, Appanoose, 1 00 

Nebraska— Bethel church 7 qq 

Ohio— M. S. Rosenbrrger, Leipsic, 3 g2 

Lydia Fried, Montpelier, 1 c 

S. H. Vore and wife, Lima, 1 00 

A sister, Springfield church 1 00 

Pennsylvania — Ephrata congregation, 5 00 

J. S. Hariey, East Salem, 3 00 

A sister, Markleysburg 2 00 

Mrs. John Royer, Upton, 50 

Margaret Oellig, Williamson 25 

Virginia— David R. Miller, Greenmont, 1 50 

William Hiner, Doe Hill, 50 

Total for year beginning April, 1901, $206 92 

Jan. 25, 1902 


General Missionary 


...Tract Department 


D. L. Miller. Illinois I H. C. Early, Virginia 

L W. Teetkr, Indiana I A. B. Barnhart, Md 

John Zuck, Iowa 

£|^Addrcss all business io General missionary 
and Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. 

»The regular meeting of the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee 
wUl be in Elgin, 111., on Feb. 11, beginning 
at 8 A. M. The Executive Committee of the 
Brethren Publishing House will meet Feb. 10. 
Business intended for this meeting should be 
reduced to writing and Bent to the Mission 
Rooms not later than Feb. 1, 


and late. 
i I ? Have 

Christ also waits, but men are sit 

Have we done what we could? Ha 

A cloud of witnesses encompass us, 

We love to think of all they see and know. 

But what ol those in peril, who sadly wait below? 

O. let this thrilling vision daily move us 

To earnest prayer and deeds before unknown; 

That souls redeemed from many lands may join us, 

When Christ with joyful heart brings home his own. 


Perhaps there may be those who are dis- 
posed to say in reply to the call for help from 
India, " What 's the use to help them and give 
away our money? They will not appreciate 
what is being done for them anyhow." Now 
no one in asy way informed, who has a touch 
of sympathy for suffering humanity, can thus 
feel, let alone speak after this manner. Starv- 
ing is as real an experience to a heathen as it 
is to a Christian. They need our help now, 
and after they are carried over this extremity 
they need our teaching far more. Through 
kindness now and proper teaching later the 
next generation will see thousands living the 
life of Christ. 

But famine and plague are not the only 
curses resting upon darkened India. There is 
a perpetual curse there that should be re. 
moved. There is a living cancer in the great 
body of the nation destroying its very vitals to 
such an extent few indeed can realize it. The 
curse referred to is child marriage. Now and 
then someone writes that the custom is becom 
ing extinct. Would to God that it were so, 
and may the day hasten when it will be so. 
But the change cannot come all at once. 
Here are the facts of child marriage as given 
from the 1891 census taken by the Indian Gov- 

Under four years of age, males, 
Under iour years ol age, females, - 
From five to nine years, males. - - 
From five to nine years, females. 
From ten to fourteen years, males. 
From ten to fourteen years, females. 

■ 6.945 

• 258.760 
- 690.80! 


It is not hard to see what sufferings inde- 
scribable and torture that would make one's 
blood run cold, can follow such a custom. 
The law of Hinduism according to their book 
Manu justifies all this when it declares as fol- 
lows: "A man aged thirty years shall marry a 
maiden of twelve who pleases him, or a man 
of twenty-four a girl of eight years of age." 

Does not such a condition call forth the pity 
of every well-favored one in Christian homes, 
and especially the wome^n whose sphere in life 
has been made equal with man in Christ Je 
sua? Do not such hints awaken a desire to 
help these unfortunate sisters of another conti 
nent to a life in Christ, when through the light 
such wrongs to womankind will be forever 
abolished? Shall not the cry of suffering 
women in their dire distress wring out one 
thought of pity, one act of love, as they carry 
with their common burden of plague and fam- 
ine, a perpetual one, a living burden often too 
great to bear? 



Any number of persons, with hearts burning 
for the extension of missions, would answer 
this question in the negative, and produce in- 

direct scriptural quotations to sustain the an- 
swer. Some other earnest members declare 
the heathen will be saved without the Gospel, 
and cite Rom. 2:12 as direct scriptural proof. 
With the writer, our mission to the heathen is 
settled without answering this question at all. 

Long, long ago the Savior told us that the 
field is the world. He did not mean that it is 
the world of hills and valleys and mountains 
and oceans. But he meant that it is the world 
nf human hearts. The great wide world of 
land and water is dotted over its surface with 
living, beating human hearts, each one of which 
is a little bed of soil capable of producing fruit 
to the glory of God and for its own individual 
happiness. And the Holy Spirit is sent into 
the world to prepare these beds of soil for the 
reception of the Gospel seed, which is the 
Word of God. And this seed is committed in- 
to the hands of the servants of God to sow into 
the beds adapted to its growth. This, in brief, 
is a general view of what Christ meant when he 
called the world the field. 

In considering localities where the Gospel 
should be preached in this great world of hu- 
man hearts, we must not forget that God's 
first and highest object in our salvation is 
not our happiness, but it is his pleasure 
and glory (Rev. 4:11), and his love of 
the association of saved souls. See John 14: ■>>, 
Our individual happiness is rather the result ol 
our salvation than its purpose. Therefore ev- 
ery heart which we may be the means of caus- 
ing to produce fruit to his glory, is acceptable 
service for him. And if a heart that is wither- 
ing upon the sands of India is turned, through 
the Word, into a spiritual flower garden to 
yield sweet fragrance and beauty to the Father 
above, the Lord will bless the hand that carried 
his Word to the heathen. 

Jesus turned the current of the life of the dis- 
ciples when he took them from their fishing in 
the Sea of Galilee, and said, " From henceforth 
ye shall catrh men." And if to-day the same 
teaching were applied to Christians who till 
their farms in order to accumulate for selfish 
ends, it would direct them henceforth to farm 
human hearts. With the disciples, the divid- 
ing line between the service of the world and 
the service of Christ was marked by whethe: 
they were going to catch fish or catch men. 
And to-day the dividing line between the serv- 
ice of the world and the service of Christ is 
whether we will farm the soil for selfish ends or 
farm human hearts that they may yield fruit to 
their Maker. 

And if men are almost frantic to seiie upon 
vacant tracts of government land, to farm them 
and make them yield the fruits of the earth, 
why should not we as Christians be anxious to 
reach out after hearts, now barren and vacant 
of the Truth, and implant the Word of God to 
yield fruits unto him? There are vast stretches 
awaiting the sower of spiritual things. There 
are wildernesses of hearts unproductive to the 
Lord. And yet they are all designed to pro- 
duce fruit. The Precious Seed has been com- 
mitted to men to sow, and the great Holy Spir- 
it is hovering near, ready to cause the Seed to 
germinate, once it is sown into the heart Will 
we hold back our labors and our means until a 
mortal life is ended and the hearthas crumbled 
to dust, unenlightened, and therefore unpro< 
ductive for heaven? 

Or will we say that with our Lord's help we 
will reach every human heart possible, wher- 
ever it may be upon the earth, that it may be- 
come a fruitful spot in his vineyard? This is 
the question for us to answer, rather than 
whether or not the heathen will be saved with' 
out ua, 

Warrensburg, Mo. 

roll of the workmen. I asked him if he was 
not going to call my name '■ It is not in my 
book," he said. "God will see to that. You 
will get your pay in heaven." I thought, 
"When the roll is called up yonder, I'll be 

Expect to baptize a few during the holiday 
week. If well enough, we want to have a Bi- 
ble school. While we are not familiar enough 
with the language to do very much, we think 
we can give them a few Bible facts. It will be 
a sort of an experiment. 

Dec. o Sister Miller went to Bombay to do 
some buying for the Orphanage and to accom- 
pany a native woman to the hospital. She has 
to undergo a dangerous operation. 

Famine is a dreadful tact again. God pity 
the poor! May bis people who have plenty 
not forget to help. These children must be 
saved. It is hard to see them dying with noth- 
ing to give them. Will you help? 

Dee. 10. 

Now and then someone throws in a ten dol- 
lar gold piece for a penny, but really the good 
offerings unto the Lord are those that have 
been carefully weighed in the balances of God's 
love for man and man's love for God. As we 
are able to measure this, do we give liberally 
and cheerfully. 


Bv Elizabeth D. Rosenbrrgbr. 

Some State Districts apportion the amount 
of money to be raised for missionary purposes 
among the congregations, as nearly as they 
can according to the wealth of the member- 
ship. What do you suppose would happen if 
the congregations would write to the District 
Board and say, "Surely there is some mistake, 
for our amount is too small." Would not such 
a missionary spirit be a grand power for the 
Lord everywhere? Yet it is safe to say that a 
real love for the cause, and a consecration 
auch as the apostles had, would bring such a 
verdict on what now seems an "impossible 
amount to raise." 

Witnessing for Christ! The Christian is 
not told to convert the world. He is to witness 
for Christ to all parts of the world. That word 
" witness " occurs no less than 175 times in the 
New Testament, and its force was so thorough- 
ly worked into the nerve and sinew of the 
apostolic church that in her day she witnessed 
from Babylon to Spain and from Alexandria to 


.* 35 IS 
13 So 



Cerrogordo church, perj, M Shively 

Logan Sunday school, per Hugh Miller, Degralf, 

J. P. Nalley, Clarence, Iowa 21 

K. Messener, Lake Odessa, Midi 1 < 

church, per Stella Moreloclt. Plymouth, 


For Week Ending Feb. s. 

Topic, Our Talents. 

Lesson, Matt. 25:14-30. 

References, Matt. 25: 31-46; Matt. 21:33-43- 
Luke 12:41-48; Rom. 12:1-13; Rom. 14:12, 

Remarks, God gave to each one according to 
/its ability. Let ub try to believe that he has 
given each of us just as much talent as we can 
handle wisely and well. 

// is significant that the man with the one 
talent was the slothful one. He said, " I was 
afraid." It is fear that paralyzes mdustry and 
effort; and this man dug a hole in the ground 
and placed his one talent out of sight, where it 
would lose bulk and lustre. This man grew 
poorer and meaner every dav. 

Unto every one that hath shall be given. 
Always and everywhere you see this come true. 
The deep, rapid, flowing river has many little 
streams emptying into it. Wealth, power and 
influence come to him who hath, just as surely 
as wealth, honor and influence drift away from 
him who has not. 

The unused talent was taken away. We 
cannot escape this law. Mammoth Cave fishes 
have no sight. 

Weeping and gnashing of teeth. We can- 
not escape that if we bury our one little talent 
in the earth. Regret, remorse and misery will 
be our portion in this world, 

Essay, " What can our Circle do for Porto 

Reading from one of the Circle books. 




At present we are very busy getting our new 
building for our boys properly started, It 
takes me nearly all the time to look after 
things. Our boys and girls do much of the 
common work. The laborers who help try to 
see how much time they can put in. One can- 
not hurry the East. 

I do not know what we would do without 
Rhen Chord andBurie. They have been around 
our people long enough to understand us even 
when our Gujerati is at fault. Bro. Rhen 
Chord is very helpful in many ways. He can 
get things for a proper price. 

One evening Rhen Chord was calling the. 

ither Creek church, per J, E. McCauly, Roa- 
noke. 111., 

Grundy County church, Iowa, per G. A. Moore, 

Eldora, Iowa 

ses Daisy and Chloe Yoder, Nappanee, Ind.,.. 

s Laura Moore, Nappanee, Ind 

iie Broadwater, Prairie Queen, Minn. 

Abilene church, Navarre, Kans., per J. O, Rock,.. 

Library fund 

I. S.Burns and wife, Wakarusa. Ind 

Sisters' Aid Society of Chippewa church, Crcstoo, 
Ohio, per Mrs. J. H. Irvin ,. 

Beech Grove Sunday school, Creston, Ohio 

West Branch church, per G. S. Garner, Maryland 


Cedar Lake Dislri 


, per Joseph Hoover. Garrett, 

Neaa Coffman, Lanark, III 

Mrs. P. H.Pcebler, Jennings, La 

Anna Hoke, Elgin. III. (Special for Christmas),.. . 
Monliccllo Sunday achool, Ind., per Albert Hllner, 
Inglewood Sunday school, Cal., per Lottie E. 


Laura Badger's Sunday-school class. Adel. Iowa.. 

" A sister," Clay City, Ind 

Franklin City Sunday school, per Anna M. Allen, 

Hampton, I01 


Pa., Sunday school, per J. A. Settle.. 


• - » • 79 3S 


Living and car fare 30 78 

Rent 1000 

Fuel and gas 8 05 

Industrial material 3 61 

Loan 15 93 

Labor, 13 00 

Incidentals 8 67 

Total $ 89 04 

Balance on hand 90 ar 

Cora Cripb. 
660 .S", Ashland Avt.. Chicago. 


A farmer, who had several boys to help 
him with his work, apent the time in cultivat- 
ing a few acres of cleared land. He had a 
large piece of woodland, but as the years went 
by the trees rotted and fell to the earth. The 
soil was rich and productive, but it remained 
without cultivation. A large meadow, which 
was really a marsh, needed drainage, but it was 
never attended to. They said it was not worth 
whilf to bother about getting any more land 
under cultivation. They often quarreled over 
the ownership of their scant products; they 
re idle some of their time, but still the larg- 
er part of their farm remained untilled. You 
may say that they lacked enterprise, energy 
and perseverance. Who art thou that judgest 

The church in which many are standing idle, 
while there appears to be plenty of time for 
fault-finding; the church which by its actions, 
which always speak louder than words, answers 
with a flat refusal the last command of Jesus,— 
this church is managed like the farm we de- 

We must have spiritual enterprise. We 
must better ourselves and enlarge the borders 
of Zion and restore the waste places. There is 
so much misery, wretchedness and sin that on- 
ly the blood of Jesus can cleanse and heal. 
The world needs Christ. It is very strange 
that members of the church of Christ should 
be so fully occupied with other things that they 
have no time to help those who are in need, or 
to make brighter the dark outlook for many a 
human soul. 

If you have a live, enthusiastic Missionary 
Circle in your church, there is but one way to 
keep it so, that is to " pass it on." Do some- 
thing towards starting a Circle at another 
place, Help the poor around you. Give 
something towards foreign missions, Do not 
be afraid to undertake great things for Jesus. 

If the ministera are not interested in this 
work, then we hope there will be some loyal 
servant of the Master, some man, woman or 
child who will make a personal appeal to the 
minister, to the people, for an interest in mis- 
sions anda Missionary Reading Circle. 

Do you lack spiritual enterprise? Read the 

The First One.— Bro. Jesse M. Heckman, 
of Union, Ohio, is the first one to demand a 
certificate for the year 1902. He assured us 
that be would continue in the work, and do all 
he could for the Circle. We hope that a great 
number of our readers will demand certificates 
this year. We are glad to note that some of 
our moat efficient workers are those who have 
completed the course. 



Jan. 25, 1902 


Mission Report for Week Ending 
Jan. 18, 1902. 


[Money donated to this fund will be used at home . 
abroad as necessity demands it. This fund I* on the 
true basis,— to be used where needed, end it is hoped that 
It will be well suppoited. Interest on endowments, not 
otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under this 

PreTiousIy reported, In. 998 18 

Pa.— Marriage notice, P. U. Millet, 50 cents; 
marriage notice, S. P. Zimmerman, 50 cents; 

mother and daughter. Carlisle Springs, $1; C. H. 
Balsbaugb, Union Deposit, <i; Levi and Sarah 
Stoner, Alice, S15; Indian Creek cong., £35,01; 
Spring Grove cong., I4.86; Coventry cong., Sio; 
M. C. Horner, Mcyersdale, 36; H. L. and Linda 
Griffith, Meyersdale, *'3; Emma C. Reiti, 
Friedens, $\, Scalplevet Sunday school, $16; to- 
tal 10387 

Va— D. S. Roller, New Market, 53; Mattie 
Foster, Luray, Ji; Second District of Virginia, 
(64.63; ^aro'l Glick, Weyers Cave, (6; E. F. 

Hudson, Eglon, 50 cents; total 75 1 

III.— Levi Swinger, HutsonvilL-, S5, Liz- 
zie Shirk, Mt. Morris, Si; Nelson Shirk, 
Mt. Morris.; W. E. Suavely, Hudson, 
$3; Elgin Sunday school, (31.06; Jennie Hailey, 

Mt. Morris, (;totai ifl 4 

Iowa.— Children in Libeityville cong., 84-"); 
J. G. Flechner. Garrison, (6; J. J. Berkley, Wa- 
terloo, (6; U. S. Blougb. Waterloo. (4; W. W. 
Folger, Osceola. 81.20; Elizabeth Watt. Truro, 
(1.20; C. S. McNutt, Adei, S1.20; Conrad MeBser, 
Grundy Centre, Si. 20; John Weigle 86; mar- 
riage notice. W. 0. Tacnreuther, Jo cents; J. H. 

Wenger, South English, (5; total 37 w 

Md. — Brownsville cong., $5; Brownsville Sun- 
day school, (1.02; Elizabeth Roop, Union 
Bridge, (15; Alfred Englar, New Windsor, 812; 

J.S. Hershberger. Grantsville, (1.50; total 34 ^ 

Ohio.— Sunday-school children of Ashland 
cong., 88.30; G. W. Buntaln. Union. (1.2a; J. H. 
Rinehart, Union. 81.20; marriage notice, W. I. 
Kintoer, 50 cents; Clara Landls, Oran, (i; Mary 
Hoover, Oran, (2.40; Nancy Nicodemus, Pots- 
dam, Si. So; Catharine Hoffman, Middlebranch, 

SS; Jos. Kajlor. Belief on taine, Si. 20; total 22 3c 

N. Dak.— A brother and sister, Zion 12 oc 

Ind.— H. D. Mummert, Hartford City.S1.58; 
Dora Mitchel. Saline City $1: Isaac Early, 
South Bend. 85; Henry Shock. Huntington, S3; 

total 10 58 

Idaho.— Marriage notice, W. P. Brouse. 50 
cents; S'ephen Johnson, Nezperce, Sio; total... . 10 50 

Wash.— Susan McKinzie, Albion, (3,50; D. B. 

Eby.Snnnyside, 81.20; total 4 70 

Colo.— Mountain View cong 4 50 

Kans.— Marriage notice, John Sherfy, 50 
cents; John L. Kuns, McPherson, S*. 00; total, .. 3 40 

W. VA.— A. A. Rothrock and mother, New 
Creek, S2.50; David Hevner, Durbin, 50 cents; 

total 3 00 

Mo.— Jos. L. Brown, Stet 1 50 

Nkbr.— D.B. Heiney, deceased, Shickley,... t 20 

Mich.- Martha Bratt, Dowagiac 50 

Total for year beginning April, 1001, 812,365 43 


Previously reported $186 57 

VA.— Second district of Virginia 500 

W.VA.-W. J. Hamilton. Easton...„ 3 00 

Ind- Dora Mitchel, Saline City 50 

Total for year beginning April. inoi, (195 07 


Previously reported g q8i 55 

KA"is.— Monito- Sunday school 23 40 

Arizona- Glendale Sunday school, q Jo 

lND.- Children of Yellow River cong., (i.So; 

children of West Goshen Sunday school, (4.50; 

total f. 6 oo 

Iowa.— Spring Creek Sunday school, 4 i 

VA.-Maggie N. Hylton. Willis, S2.20; Clarence 

S. hylton, Willis, 30 cents, total 2 50 

W. Va.— David Hevner, Durbin , ,» 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 8i.oa7 96 


Previously reported, j x j$ % 

W. Va -Moses Fike and wife, Eglon 7.7. 5 00 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 (181 80 


Previously reported j 5 g (6 

Va.— Summit Sunday school, 20 oo 

Okla.— Anna Fiant, Independence. (2; Sarah 

Bennett. Independence, 5a; total, ,00 

From Our Correspondents. 

a cold water to a thirsty soul, so Is good news from 
a far country," 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 j Q , 40 


Previously reported s $0 M 

Iowa,— South Waterloo cong 0I I4 

lLL,-Sisters' Aid Society, Elgin, (5; a brother 
and sister, Elgin, S3; Levi F. Swinger. Hutson- 
ville, (s; total ,, M 

Total lor year beginning April, iqoi j I54 I4 


Previously reported I 5 „ , B 

Colo.— Rockford Sunday school,. . c 

W. VA.-David Hevner, Durbin .77 1 00 

Ind.— Dora Mitchel, Saline City 777! 50 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 (S35~58 

Gbn Misi. and TbactCom 

Verde Valley church met in council Jan. 4. 
Only eleven members present. Church decid- 
ed to represent by letter to next District Meet- 
ing. One little sister has lately come to the 
church, and three were added by letter and one 
letter granted. Brother and Sister Larick, of 
Longiriont, Colo., were with us, Bro, Larick 
preached at Camp Verde Jan. 5. He has been 
suffering with rheumatism, but thmks thi 
climate here is helping him. We have need of 
many more workers. Our love feast, to have 
been held Christmas eve, was postponed 
Nftiie Walling ford, Aultman, Ariz,, Jan. 7. 


Denver.— Bro. G. W. Bishop, of Rockwell 
City, Kans.,. Secretary of District Mission Board 
of Northwestern Kansas and Northern Colo- 
rado, paid the church a visit lately. His visit 
was appreciated. Bro. C. H. Brown, of 
Navarre, Kans., is to begin a series of meetings 
here Feb. i.—L. E. Keltner, Jan. 16. 

Grand Valley — The members met in quar- 
terly council Jan. 4. It was the time for elect- 
ing officers for the present year. Love pre- 
vailed. We arranged to have our spring love 
feast April 10. We are glad to learn that Bro. 
John VanDyke and family, of Rockford, Nebr., 
are arranging to move to Grand Valley, — D. 
M. Click, Jan. 10. 

Payette Valley church met in regular quar- 
terly council. All business passed off in love. 
Four were received by letter. We reorganized 
our Sunday school. Bro. J. Beckwith was 
elected superintendent and the writer assistant, 
— C.E. Pratt, Jan. 4. 

Grafton church met in regular council Jan, 
4. Bro. Enoch Faw presided. Considerable 
business was transacted in a Christian spirit. 
We elected officers for the new year. The 
writer was chosen correspondent to the Mr.s- 
srngkb. One was added to the church by let- 
ter. — Dora B. Day, Southwick, Idaho, Jan. 12. 
Southwick.— We are greatly in need of a 
preacher. This is a wild place for young 
folks, yet I believe it could be bettered a great 
deal even by one good series of meetings. We 
want a minister to locate here. For particu- 
lars address the writer.— Mrs. Libbie Bates, 
Jan, 11. 

Eel River — Dec. 31 Bro. J. Calvin Bright, 
of Ohio, came to us and began preaching, and 
continued until Jan. 16, preaching twenty soul- 
cheering sermons.— C. C. Arnold, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Jan. 18. 

HilHsburg.— Sister Alice Richer, of North 
Manchester, Ind., came to teach a singing r] a s= 
in our church Jan. 4. The einging is progress- 
ing nicely. The interest is good, Bro. I. B. 
Wike, of Delaware County, is expected to be 
with us about Jan. 20 and stay two or three 
weeks and preach for us.— Nathaniel Crifie, 
Jan. II. 

Huntington.— I am now in a series of meet- 
ings begun Jan. 4, Three were baptized Sun- 
day and a fair prospect for more to come. My 
next meeting will be in the Hillisburg church, 
Ind., beginning Jan. 25. Our Bible school in 
the Buck Creek church will begin Feb. 15, by 
Bro. Edson Ulery.— /. B. Wike, R. R. No. 1. 
Losantville, Ind,, Jan. 13. 

Mexico — Bro. J. Henry Showalter has been 
teaching a music school here for the past two 
weeks. He understands his profession. His 
work was appreciated.— A. D. Lair, Jan. f>. 

MJssisslnewa — We expect to commence a 
series of meetings at the Shideler house, con- 
ducted by Bro. W. R. Deeter Feb. 8. Bro. L, 
Winklebleck, of Hartford City, preached for us 
at the Union Grove house recently. Thursday 
evening we closed a two weeks' interesting 
singing school at the Union Grove house, con- 
ducted by Bro. A. C. Young. The Brethren 
new Hymnals were used. We expect to com- 
mence a ten days' singing school at the Shide- 
er house about Jan. 23.— John F. Shoe?naker, 
Shideler, Ind, Jan. 13, 

riuncie.— The church convened in quarterly 
council Jan. 2. All business «-as disposed of 
pleasantly. Decided to hold our semiannual 
love feast May 4, preceded by a two weeks' se- 
ries of meetings. Eld. I. D. Parker favored us 
with a visit Jan. 12 and preached two much-ap- 

preciated sermons. One of our sisters, Nancy 
Taylor, met with a sad and fatal accident at 
her home in the city Jan. 11 By sortie manne' 
her clothee caught fire, and before assistance 
came she was so badly burned that she died in 
about two hours. She was about sixty years 
old. At present I am with the Brethren in thi 
Howard church, assisting in a series of meet- 
ings. — Geo. L. Studebaker, Jan. 14. 

North Manchester.— Bro. W. B. Stover has 
just closed a series of talks on India here, giv- 
ng the lantern scenes two nights. The people 
were intensely interested. Bro. S. F. Sanger is 
with us now, conducting the meetings at the 
chapel. The special Bible term was opened 
Jan. 7.— Mary E. Neher,Jan. 10. 

Roann.— We are in the midst of a good se- 
ries of meetings at the Brethren's churchhouse 
near Roann. Bro. Dorsey Hodgden, of Hunt- 
ington County, Indiana, is doing the preach- 
ing. Our Sunday school at this place is ever- 
green and was again reorganized the beginning 
of the present year, with Sister Una C. Cripe 
as our superintendent and "William Fairburn 
assistant superintendent.— Josefih John, R, R. 
No. 1, Jan. 13. 

Tippecanoe church held its regular council 
meeting Jan. 4. All business passed off har- 
moniously. We decided to use the Brethren 
new Hymn Book and Hymnal. We will begin 
series of meetings Jan. n. Bro. J. L. 
Thomas, of Walnut, Ind,, will do the preach- 
ing.— Daniel Roihenberger, North Webster, 
Ind., Jan. 6. 

Union City.— Bro. Sam'l Horning, of New 
Lebanon, Ohio, is preaching very acceptable 
sermons to large and attentive audiences at 
Hill Grove, Ohio. This is at the new church- 
house in the Union City congregation. — Ira G. 
Blocker, Jan. 10. 


Beaver.— Bro. L. D. Bosserman has just be- 
gun a series of meetings; will continue for a 
couple of weeks. — Belle Ruth, Grand Junction, 
Iowa, Jan, 16. 

Bradford.— Jan. 2 Bro. O. J. Beaver came to 
us and on Saturday evening began a series of 
meetings, He preached eleven sermons. The 
interest good. On Sunday six of us, with Bro. 
Beaver, went out in the country eight miles to 
Sister Allen's, who is an invalid, and had a lit- 
tle meeting. Monday Bro. Beaver returned 
home. The brethren from Waterloo will be 
here next Sunday. — Ella Ullo?n,Jan. /j. 

Monroe County.— Bro. S. M. Goughnour 
came to our place and gave us eight gospel ser- 
mons. Bro. S. F. Brower also gave three mis- 
sionary sermons. Two have b^en added to our 
church by baptism since last report. — Willis 
Rodabaugh. Fredric, Iowa, Jan. 18. 

nt. Etna church held her regular council 
Jan. 4. One letter was granted. On the even- 
ing of Jan. 13 and 14 Bro. Samuel Brower was 
with us in the interest of missionary work. — 
Nellie Bailey, Jan. 17. 

Prairie City. — Our series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. W. E. West, of Ankney, Iowa, 
began Dec. 22 and continued until Jan. 5. 
During this time seven were made willing to 
be buried with Christ by baptism. These are 
all young in years, and also members of our 
Sunday school. Bro. West then returned 
home and Bro. I. W. Brubaker continued the 
meetings a week longer, preaching doctrinal 
sermons. Two years ago the church here num- 
bered fifteen; at present we number thirty-two. 

■Rebecca Brubaker, Jan. 13, 

Salem.— Bro. S. F, Brower was with us Jan. 
and 12 in the interest of mission work in 
Southern Iowa. He preached three sermons 
for us. Our quarterly council was held Jan. n, 
Our Sunday school was reorganized the first of 
the year by re-electing the writer superintend- 
ent and Br". Mankin Wray assistant.— Mamie 
Sink, Lenox, Ifwa,Jan, 14. 

South Waterloo. — Christmas exercises were 
conducted at this place by Bro. A. W. Ross, 
who also gave ua three interesting sermons 
previous to Christmas. Our quarterly council 
met Jan, 7. A letter from Sister Eliza B. Mil- 
ler, stating the condition of the India famine, 
was read. The church decided to hold a col- 
lection the following Sunday, which resulted in 
seventy-eight dollars set aside for the India 
rers. We have secured the services of 
Bro. J. G. Royer to hold a Bible school for us, 
inning Feb. 14, He will be with us two 
Sundays, closing Feb. 23.— Eva S. Lichty, Wa- 
terloo, Iowa, Jan. 13. 

Green Valley.— We are having a series of 
meetings at the schoolhouse with overflowing 
congregations. Bro. W. A. Rose, of Booth, 
Kans,, is doing the preaching,— Jasper N. Per- 
ry, St. John, Kans.. Jan. 16. 

riaple Grove church met in quarterly coun- 
cil Jan, 4, but as only a few were present the 
meeting was adjourned until Jan, 11, when a 
few more were present. Bro. A. J, Werten- 
berger was advanced to the second degree of 
the ministry. We have adopted the new song 
books for both church and Sunday-school serv- 
ices. — Laura M, Shuey, Rockwell City, Kans,, 
Jan. 14, 

riorrill.— The continued effort for Christ is 
still in progress at this place. I had to be ab- 
sent for three nights. Bro. Frank McCune 
preached quite acceptably these evenings. 
This is the fifth week of the meetings with in- 
creasing interest. We started Bible Institute 
work yesterday. Six have been baptized.—/. 
E. Young, Jan, 14. 

Neutral. — We are now engaged in a very in- 
teresting series of meetings, with Bro. Leaman 
doing the preaching Large crowds came to 
hear the good gospel sermons. — A. B. Lichten- 
walter, Jan. 8. 

New Hope.— Bro. W. H. Leaman com- 
menced preaching Dec. 31 and closed Jan. 12, 
preachine fifteen sermons. The meetings were 
full of interest. Four dear souls came out and 
desired church membership. Two were bap- 
tized and the other two are to be baptized next 
Sunday. — A.B. Lichtenwa/ter, Neutral, Kans., 
Jan. 4. 

Neosho. — We held our love feest Oct, 12 and 
13. Bro. Lehman was here and held a series 
of meetings. One sister was baptized. Our 
number is greatly reduced by members moving 
away. We have meeting every second and 
fourth Sunday in each month. — Lena Hodgden, 
R. R. No. 4, Trie, Kans., Jan. 12. 

Notice. — The Mission Board of Southeastern 
District of Kansas will meet in Parsons church 
the first Saturday of February, at 10 A. M. — 
M. O. Hodgden, Foreman, R. R. No. 4, Erie, 
Kans., Jan. 12, 

Olathe. — Bro. George Barnhart, of Carthage, 
Mo., came to us Dec. 14 and preached for us 
seventeen evenings; also several times at n A, 
M. One young lady decided to walk in new- 
ness of life. — P. H, fi~ert30g,Jan. 11. 

Walnut Valley.— Our elder, Bro. A. F. Mil- 
ler, of Booth, Kans,, came to us Nov. 24 and 
preached two weeks. He gave us soul-cheer- 
ing sermons. The members were strength- 
ened. Two young sisters came out on the Lord's 
side and were baptized Dec. 8 by Bro. Miller. 
Jan. 7 and 8 Bro. J. J. Yoder preached to us. 
He is our missionary minister. We took up a 
collection for missionary purposes which 
amounted to $8.85. — Ella Martin, Heizer, 
Kans., Jan. 16. 

Constance.— Jan. 10 elders D. M. Garver, of 
Farmersville, Ohio, and Jonas Horning, of 
Johnsville, Ohio, came to us. Our new church, 
which was built under direction of the 
Mission Board of Southern Ohio, being about 
completed, arrangements were made and the 
church accordingly dedicated Jan, 12, Bro. D. 
M. Garver delivering the dedicatory sermon to 
a full house. Our first communion service was 
held the same evening, led by Bro. Jonas 
Horning, with as many to witness as the small 
church would accommodate. Meetings are in 
progress each evening, conducted by Bro. D. 
M. Garver.— John T,$foll,Jan. 14. 

Roanoke.— In connection with our late Dis- 
trict and Ministerial Meeting we had other 
services. On Christmas we had public serv- 
ices, sermon by Bro. P. R. Wrightsman, of 
Saginaw, Texas. Bro. J. H. Peck, of Manvel, 
Texas, preached in the evening. Saturday 
evening was our love feast, presided over by 
Bro. J. A, Miller, of Manvel, Texas. It was 
very spiritual. At the close of the exercises 
two young sisters came forward, and were bap- 
tized next day. Bro. Wine continued the meet- 
ings for a week. On account of bad weather 
and sickness the attendance was not good. 
The interest was very good. The brethren and 
sisters of the Roanoke church had a feast of 
good things.— J>, E. Lewis, Jan. 13. 

Crystal church met in quarterly council Jan. 
. Everything passed off in love. Four let- 
ters of membership were handed in. One was 

Jan. 25, 1902 

the gospel imt:ess:e!:n"g:e:r,_ 

received by baptism at our Sunday service. 
This makes twenty-four members in our church, 
with Sunday school and preaching every Sun- 
day. Our attendance is on the increase. We 
invite correspondence about our locality and 
church, with all who may want to change their 
homes. — George E. Stone, Jan, 14. 


Little Rock. — I am in the midst of a very 
interesting meeting near Slater, Mo. Have 
crowded house of eager listeners. The out- 
look is good. — Moses Cruea.Jan. 16. 

Osceola. — Bro. Samuel Bollinger, of Centre- 
view, and Bro. Pete Fouts, of Iowa, came to 
this congregation Jan, 4. Bro. Bollinger 
preached two souf-cheering sermons, and gave 
us an interesting Sunday-school talk. — Lizzie 
Replogle, Jan. 14. 

Falrvlew church, near Cherrybox, Mo., met 
in quarterly council. We elected our church 
officers. The writer was elected church corre- 
spondent. We also reorganized our Sunday 
school for the year; Bro. J. B. Shank superin- 
tendent, Bro. J. A. Lapp assistant. We use 
the Brethren's literature. — Lovina E. Lapp, 
Leonard, Mo., Jan, 12, 


Sappy Creek.— Dec. 22 Bro. J.Garberand 
wife came to us and held meetings one week, 
Sister Garber assisting in the song service. 
Bro. K. Heckman preaches every two weeks 
now— Jennie Davison, Beaver City, Nebr,, 
Ian. 17. 

Red Cloud. — Our quarterly council met Jan. 

4. One letter was granted. We decided to 
use the new song books. We have two Sun- 
day acbools. At our Thanksgiving meeting a 
collection was taken for an invalid sister. — 
Sarah Mokier, Jan. 16. 


Carrlngton. — Our Sunday school is progress- 
ing nicely under the superintendence of Bro. 
David Bower, At our last quarterly council, 
Jan. 4, our church appointed a communion 
meeting for Jan. 16, to commence at 4 P. M., 
which was a very enjoyable meeting. — Fred 
Cuip, Jan, 17. 

Salem. — The Brethren continue to hold 
their regular appointments each Sabbath. At 
a recent meeting we decided to continue our 
Sunday school, th"3 having an evergreen Sun- 
day school. It is the first time we ever at- 
tempted to run our school through the winter, 
but so far it has been well attended, Bro. Ly- 
man Betz was re-elected superintendent. We 
also have a good singing school, ably conduct- 
ed by Jerry L, Katherman.— /, Will Shively 
Newville. N Dak., Jan. 13. 

Turtle Jlountaln. — Our singing still contin- 
ues evcy Sunday night. We are using the 
Brethren Hymnal. We had services on ChriBt- 
mas day. Took up a collection of $6.80 and 
gave it to a neighbor that had lost a horse. 
This is one way of giving Christmas presents, 
—Mary C. Davis, Mars, N. Dak., Jan. 12. 


Auglalse Chapel. — Bro. J. L. Guthrie came 
to our church Dec. 15 and continued meeting 
until Jan. 12, preaching thirty-four soul-cheer- 
ing sermons, including one funeral. Three 
made the good confession; two were baptized 
and one awaits the sacred rite. Bro. Guthrie is 
now engaged in the work at Oakwood, the same 
congregation.— James Harp, Continental, Ohio, 
Jan. 16. 

Canton.— Bro. E. S. Young, of Fostoria, 
Ohio, came to us Jan. 4, and conducted a Bible 
term for ten daya at the Center church. His 
method of teaching the Bible has made a good 
impression, He also preached eleven sermons, 
Ten applicants were baptized Jan. 14. — George 

5. Grim, Louisville, Ohio, Jan. 13. 
Canton. — I met the members of the Spring 

field congregation, Ohio, Dec. 28 to assist in a 
series of moetings. I remained with them two 
weeks. The meetings were well attended, 
Twelve precious souls were added to the 
church by baptism. One on last evening of 
the meeting applied for membership; will it- 
ceive baptism at next regular meeting of said 
church. Jan. 20 I begin meetings in the Logan 
church, Ohio.— Reuben Shroyer, S. W. R. D„ 
Jan. 18, 

Dayton. — Our meeting under the care of 
Brother and Sister Bame is becoming more in- 
teresting, with increased attendance and atten- 
tion. — Elmer Wombold.Jan. 13. 

Louisville. — Bro. E. S. Young, of Fostoria 
Ohio, came into our midst and conducted a Bi- 

ble institute in the Center house of the Canton 
church. The work began Jan- 4 and closed 
Jan. 14. The meetings and nchool were well 
attended, Ten souls were added to the church 
by baptism and three more came forward to be 
baptized later. The meetings were very in- 
spiring and heartily enjoyed by all.— S. M. 
Friend, Jan. 16. 

Portage church met in quarterly council. 
Much business was disposed of in a satisfac- 
tory manner. Two letters of membership were 
granted.— Jennie Sellers, R. R. No. /, Fostoria, 
Ohio, Jan. j. 

Prices Creek.— Bro. Isaiah Rairick, 
Michigan, is still preaching for us. We have 
good interest. Large crowds are assembled 
every evening to hear the Word.— Jos. Longa- 
necker,Jan. zq, 

Springfield.— Dec. 28 Bro. Reuben Shroyer, 
of Canton, Ohio, came to the Springfield 
church. He remained with us two weeks, 
preaching twenty-two soul-inspiring sermons. 
Twelve precious souls were brought t^ Christ, 
one awaits baptism. Several were baptized 
shortly previous to these meetings, so that we 
feel greatly refreshed.—//". E. Kurtz, Moga- 
dore, Oho, Jan. 13. 


Bear Creek. — I am engaged in a series of 
meetings with the Bear Creek congregation. 
This is a new organization and the Brethren 
are little known here. We are having a crowd- 
ed house every night and excellent interest. — 
A. /. Smith, Perry, Okta.,Jan, 1. 

Guthrie mission church met in quarterly 
council Dec 14. Eld. J. F. Neher presided. 
All business passed off pleasantly. We reor- 
ganized our Sunday school by electing a full 
corps of officers, and also church officers. 
Thanksgiving there was a collection taken up 
which amounted to $$. We met in council 
again Jan. 1. Bro. Samuel Edgecomb, on his 
way to some of the churches west of here, 
stopped with us and presided. Some letters 
were granted. Bro. Edgecomb preached for 
us in the evening. We received two by letter 
at our quarterly council. We would be glad to 
have other members move in here. We will 
answer all inquiries as best we can. — Hannah 
Ncher, Jan. g, 

Reading.— Bro. J. H. Neher and self were 
with the brethren, sisters and friends in the 
vicinity of this place over last Sunday and held 
three meetings whi^h were well attended. The 
outlook is good for an ingathering of souls. A 
missionary collection was taken at close of one 
of the meetings, which amounted to S2.28. I 
am now engaged in a series of meetings with 
the Big Creek church, Okla — A. J. Smith, Per- 
ry, Okla., Jan. 14. 

Salt Plain. — We met in quarterly council 
Jan. 4, Our elder, Bro. Samuel Edgecomb, 
was with us. The business was disposed of 
pleasantly. Two deacons were chosen, Bro 
Williams and Bro. Hite. Bro. A. Diller was 
advanced to the second degree of the ministry. 
The writer was re-elected church correspond- 
ent and solicitor. Bro. Edgecomb preached 
five soul-reviving sermons. —Jennie Diller, 
Nashville, Okla., Jan. 13. 


riohawk Valley church met in council Dec 
21, being an annual council for electing offi- 
cers. Philip Workman was elected moderator 
and the writer Gospkt. Messenger agent. 
We had a pleasant meeting. We organized 
our Sunday school for the coming year. Our 
superintendent is T. J. Miller. — Maria L. 
Workman, Mabel, Oregon, Jan. 12. 

Myrtlepoint.— Bro. J. S. Secrist began a se- 
ries of meetings here Dec. 28. They were 
stopped Jan. 8 on account of a smallpox quar- 
antine. Fourteen services were held. Some 
of the brethren and sisters and Bro. J. S. Se- 
crist held services at a home yesterday and 
baptized the mother, which was the third one 
he has baptized. One was reclaimed. Bro. 
Secrist and Eld. Thomas Barklow are going to 
Rural to-morrow to commence a series of meet- 
ings. — E.J. Michael, Jan. 13, 


Artemas.— Bro. J. M. Blough, of Hunting- 
don, Pa., came to our church Dec. 22 and be- 
gan a series of meetings. He preached twelve 
soul inspiring sermons. The interest was good. 
Three dear young souls confessed Christ. Our 
church was much revived. — Nancy L. Bennett, 
Jan. 13. 

Lower Cumberland.— Five recent acces- 
sions are reported in the Mechanicsburg 

church, Pa., should have read Lower Cumber- 
land church, Pa., at Boilinesprings ho>ise. 
where Bro. Joseph Long, of York, Pa., conduct- 
ed a series of meetings, commencing Nov. 23, 
preaching seventeen soul cheering sermons, at 
which time some came out on the Lord's side. 
Baptism was deferred until Dec. 29. Five were 
buried with Christ in baptism, when Bro. Long 
was with us the second time at the Boiling- 
springs house and preached three sermons 
—J, J. Hoerner, Allen, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Markleysburg.— We recently closed a se- 
ries of meetings in the Pleasant View house, 
preaching seventeen s»rmmis, the preaching 
being done by the home minister*, Two were 
baptized and one was reclaimed. Our regular 
annual council was held on New Year's day. 
Qui'e a lot of business was disposed of in love. 
The church organized a Sunday school here 
with brethren William J. Fisher and George B, 
Seese superintendents, the Brethren's literature 
to be used. Bro. Richard Chrise was appoint- 
ed corresponding secretary for this church 
We also held a council in the same congrega- 
tion, at the Bethel house, Jan. 4. Bro. S. F. 
Workman is our secretary there. The writer 
held a council for the Brethren of the George's 
Creek congregation, at the Fairview house, 
Jan. 11, From there 1 gn to the Mt. Union 
congregation, W. Va., to hold a series "f meet- 
ings at Harmony Grove; also a council at th" 
Mt. Union house Jan. 18, then home.— Jasper 
Barnt house, Jan. 13, 

Raven Run.— We met in quarterly council 
Jan, 4. Bro. S. I. Brumbaugh presided. All 
business was settled very favorably. — David 
P. Hoover, Saxton, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Upper Canowago church met in quarterly 
council Jan. 11 at the Muramert house, with 
Eld. O. V. Long presiding. One brother was 
restored to fellowship, four members were 
ceived by letter, one being a minister in the 
second degree. One letter was granted. We 
effected a more thorough organization in oi 
prayer meeting and decided to reopen our 
Sunday school in the spring, also to organize a 
singing class. Decided to hold three serieB of 
meetings in our congregation next (all. Our 
spring love feast will be held at the Mummcrt 
house May 13 and 14, commencing at 1 : 30 P. 
M. The report of our missionary treasu 
Bro. S. H. Baker, was very gratifying. Our 
next quarterly council will convene April 5 
the Hampton house. — Andrew Bowser, East 
Berlin, Pa., Jan. 16. 


New Hope.— Bro. C. P. Rowland 
menced a series ^f meetings on the last Sunday 
of December, continuing until Jan. 12. He 
held twenty-five meetings. Two were receiver! 
into the fold by baptism, and one applicant dc 
ferred the sacred rite. All are young sisters. 
The church has been strengthened.—/. W 
Lovegrove.Jan. 14. 

Stlverson.— We met in quarterly council 
Jan. 4. Business was disposed of in a Chris- 
tian spirit Jan. 5 Bro. Simmons preached an 
able sermon, after which a little maiden came 
forth and gave her hand for admittance. We 
have two little lambs now awaiting baptism. — 
Ann C. Castle, Fulda, Wash,, Jan. 9. 

Overhill. — Having been solicited by the 
Mission Board of the Middle District of Mary- 
land to visit their District, we have arranged to 
be in Hagerstown Jan. 25. It ia our intention to 
spend a month or more visiting among the 
Brethren at different points in Maryland and 
West Virginia, along and near the railroad, 
Not knowing anything about the country in 
which the Brethren are located, we will have 
to leave it with the Brethren to arrange for the 
places and time of meetings. We wish to visit 
Martinsburg, W. Va., and Cumberland, Md., 
and other points as we return home. Those 
who wish to can write to us after Jan, 25 at 
Hagerstown, Md., in care of Bro. W. S, 
Reichard.— David J. Miller, Jan. 13. 

Chippewa Valley.— We have just closed a 
short but very interesting series of '.meetings 
conducted by Bro. C. C, Price, of Illinois. 
Sunday he gave us a missionary sermon, and a 
collection for the world-wide mission resulted 
in S6.36. He went to the Irvin Creek church, 
where he will bold a few meetings. We all 
feel built up in the inner man.—//. /. Cripe, 
East Pepin, Wis., Jan. 13. 


From George's Creek, Pa. 

Eld. Jasper Barnthouse held a council in 
the Fairview house of the Greoge'a Creek con- 
gregation Jan. 11. All buainess passed off in a 
brotherly way. One letter of membership was 
received. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
by electing Bro. Leslie S. Cover and John W. 
DeBolt superintendents. Our school is border- 
ing on an evergreen. The church decided to 
hold a love feast June 14 with a two weeka' 
meeting, to be conducted by our elder, Jaapfr 
Barnthouse. previous to the feast. The church 
also decided to hold a love (east in the fall, al- 
so a series of meetings, to be conducted by Bro. 
Joseph Long, if he can be had. Meeting to be- 
gin early in October. 

Bro. Barnthouse left here to go to Harmony 
Grove, where he is to begin a meeting Jan. 
14. The meeting will be held in a union houae. 
This houae ia situated ahout six miles south- 
west of Morgantown, W. Va, 

Our next council will be held April 17, and 
at Mt. Union April 19. 

The young miniaters elected in the Mount 
Union congregation, W. Va., brethren Virgil 
C. Finnel and Walter Hamilton, were with us 
ur council and at our preaching services. 
These brethren are both schoolteachers, young 
and active, and zealous in the Master's cause. 
We are informed that the Missionary and 
Tract Committee has responded to the George's 
Creek church through Bro. J. A. Glick who 
wrote to them to ascertain whether or not it 
would be poaaible for Bro. W. B. Stover to 
come to our place and give us a few of his 
highly-edifying talka on India and his work. 
We are glad they have answered that he will 

On account of bad weather work on the Un- 
iontown new churchhouse has h ee n abandoned 
until spring, when the Brethren will resume 
work and push it to completion. 

Alphuus DeBolt. 
Jan. 13. 

From North Carolina Mission Field. 

Bro. Foss and I are the only ministers of 
the Brethren in eastern North Carolina and we 
can realize the need of help in this field. Why 
not some from the crowded churches of the 
North seek homes in a more favorahle clime? 

If you feel that you don't do as much 
preaching as you ought, come here and you 
may have an opportunity of doing more than 
you will really think you ought. When I came 
here last March it appeared as though I would 
hardly get places to do much preaching, but 
that drawback is giving way and now by a lit- 
tle looking out I could find more places than I 
could fill of Sundays by two meetings each 

During this time I have bad two invitations 
to two different points and have filled both. 
At one of these places one baa been baptized 
and more are pretty well convinced that we 
come nearer following Christ's words than any 
other people. They may never come into the 
fold, but that does not dispute their convictions 
of our being right. 

If you want to find a good climate and be 
among clever people, vou will make no mis- 
take in coming to eastern North Carolina. 

We have been here ten months and we have 
been well treated. Of course some think 
strange of our way of looking at certain Scrip- 
tures and ask the question, "Are you the only 
people who are goine to be saved? Well, and 
if we were to accept your doctrine, what about 
our fathers and mothers who have died yeara 
ago? " If the Lord had made ua the judge we 
might be able to say whose father and whose 
mother will be received into heaven. Paul 
tells us that Jeaus haa become the author of 
eternal salvation to all who obey him. And 
again, we read that God is no respecter of per- 
sons. Now if one obeys and another disobeys 
and God accepts both has not God become a 
respecter of persona? Then obedience is the 
test of acceptation with God, if done in faith. 

In this country we find nearly a score of dif- 
ferent denominations more or less organized 
and at work,— all preaching from the same 
Book, with the Book of Mormon as an addi- 
tion to the Bible for their preaching; and yet 
{Concluded on Last Page.) 




Jan. 25, 1902 

From Charleston, W. Va. 

We, as a church are greatly in need of more 
workers. I do not think there is in any of the 
other States such a vaat scope of territory that 
there is scarcely a member living in as the one 
north, west and south of Charleston, W. Va. 
You can travel either of the above-named ways 
from fifty to seventy-five miles and not find half 
a dozen members in all the scope of country; 
and if you should find a few they have been 
isolated so long that tbey do not realize they 
have any work to do or that it is through much 
tribulation we enter the kingdom of God; for 
it is when we are at work that we have the 
more to encounter with and overcome. It is 
then, too, we have more help from the Lord. 

It has been the desire of my heart to have 
work done in some or all of this territory, and I 
do think that steps ought to be taken to supply 
some of this section of the country. I think 
with a little effort there could be some fair- 
sized congregations and they could soon have 
their own ministers. 

About sixty miles eaat of here there are a 
few ministers, and it seems they have all the 
work they can do. Still, they spare the time to 
come here one trip per month and preach 
three sermons each time; but that is as much 
as they can do. I do not think it would be 
hard to find a brother that would begin the 
work. There are good people in West Virgin- 
ia, and there is no reason why there would not 
be some flourishing congregations around here. 
We as a church cannot let this go unheeded. 
There are too many souls being lost. God 
wants his people through him to save a lost 
world, and we will have to be working to do it. 
There is too much precious time lost. By far 
too many of our members have their arms 
folded. * A. Haws. 

An Appeal. 

It is known that a portion of the work of 
last Standing Committee which related to the 
appointment of committees to visit churches 
was not fully satisfactory. As a member of 
Standing Committee I met with both personal 
and written criticism. It will not seem strange 
to the thoughtful reader that some of this work 
had marked imperfections when I tell you that 
some of these applications for committees did 
not reach us until Monday afternoon; and we 
were compelled to be in session all day Mon- 
day until a late hour Monday night. And we 
had to consider much of this important feature 
of our work, between sessions of the open con- 
ference, listening to petitions for, and remon- 
strances against. 

I therefore kindly suggest to all who bear pe- 
titions to next Annual Meeting for committees 
that tbey appear before Standing Committee 
not later than Saturday morning, so as to give 
time properly to consider petitions with their 
remonstrances. This phase of their work is 
too important and ofttimes too far-reaching to 
be passed hastily. It is important for our 
Brotherhood to have committees sent into 
churches that are not able or at least do not 
meet the difficulty at issue. Some lack in the 
wording of the charge, or some little irregular- 
ity in the presentation of the business, and it is 
ruled out and passed by, and the church is left 
to lag and drag on in her disorder and sin to 
the final ruin of souls. There is a principle in 
law which provides that a caBe shall not be lost 
because of a lack of form. We have most 
pressing need of this principle at times in some 
of our committee work. For committees to go 
into churches and be eye-witness to irregulaii 
ties and waive action because of mere lack of 
form is simply giving error an opportunity to 
vaunt itself to heaven's sorrow, 

Article 17 of Minutes of Annual Meeting of 
1896 reads thus: "We petition . . . An- 
nual Meeting ... to decide that all querieB 
of a general and ecclesiastical character, that 
are to be considered by Annual Meeting, shall 
be published in the Gospel Messenger 
. . . before the time of Annual Meeting, 
Answer,—./* is so decided." 

It is with good propriety to conclude that 
the design and spirit of the query quoted was 
intended to include reports of committees to 
come before the General Council. These re- 
ports are usually of some length, and important 
in their character; hence it is important that 
they should be placed before the Brotherhood 
for consideration before the time of being acted 

I therefore appeal to the editors of the Gos- 
pel Messenger, to join me in my appeal for 

all reports of committees to come before next 
Annual Meeting that they be sent to the office 
of the Gospel Messenger, so that they may 
appear in print at least thirty days before next 
Pentecost. I. J. Rosenberger. 

[Bro. Rosenberger's suggestions are to the 
point. Queries intended for the Annual Meet- 
ing frequently reach this office only a few days 
before we close up the pages of the last JBSue 
previous to the Conference. The only way to 
avoid having the queries reach the Messen- 
ger readers late is for the clerks of the Dis- 
trict ' Meetings to send correct copies of them 
to this office immediately after the close of 
their District Meetings.— Ed.] 

India Letter. 

It is now only a few days till Christmas. 
For many it will be a time of feasting and 
pleasure, while others will realize but little of 
Christmas joy. In some sections famine pre- 
vails, and the pinched faces and emaciated 
forms betoken on-y too plainly the struggle for 
life that thousands are having. With the masses 
in India it is at best only living "from hand to 
mouth," as is occasionally the case at home, 
When there is no crop of grain raised, no fruit 
and no vegetables, then the lot of the sufferers 
becomes doubly hard. We are giving some 
help in Raj Pipla state, and unless a great 
amouut of help is given there will be untold 
suffering the coming nine months. 

Several weeks ago in our morning prayer 
with the boys I contrasted to some extent what 
they were enjoying here with what many of the 
people in their villages were suffering on ac- 
count of famine. Then I suggested that if 
they wanted to help those who were suffering 
there were several ways in which they could 
help. So of the different suggestions they de- 
cided they would do without their supper and 
the cost of the flour for bread and the vegeta- 
bles they usually eat should be given to those 
who had none. So according to their own ar- 
rangement they have been doing without sup- 
per every other day since the first of the month. 
So till Christmas they will have saved ten or 
twelve rupees (about four dollars), which will 
furnish one man fair living for 150 or 175 days 
or for a family of five means of subsistence for 
one and a half or two months. 

This is again the winter season and is an ex- 
cellent time to get out among the villages to 
do preaching, I bad hoped to do considerable 
work in the villages during November and 
December, but on account of sickness in the 
family have not been able to do so. Now that 
all are in usual health I hope to do some tour- 
ing the coming month. 

The plague has been continuing for several 
months both in Novsari and Jalalpur. In Nov- 
sari it is now much less, while in jalalpur it is 
still continuing. Many of the people have 
moved out of their houses and live in sheds in 
the open fields. The plague has been a study 
of many physicians ever since it broke out. 
The main causes are found to be the unsani- 
tary conditions and poor ventilation of the 
dwelling houses. Houses kept scrupulously 
clean and well ventilated are seldom troubled 
with plague. But these are two conditions not 
often found in the crowded dwellings of the 
poor. But the disease is infectious and may be 
communicated in that way. Rats and monkeys 
also die of it. 

At present there are more applicants for 
baptism which will likely be attended to during 
the holidays. At Bulsar the coming week a 
love feast is also anticipated. 

D, L. Forney. 

Jalalpur, India, Dec. so. 

gregation, — two brethren and two sisters— and 
each in separate families, yet all are zealous 
and willing to do their part. They keep up 
church services twice each month all the year 
round, and most frequently without a minister, 
but they here show the faith and the spirit, as 
was shown in the days of the prophets, two 
thousand three hundred years in the past. See 
Mai. 3: 16, 17. Pray for them and their work. 
Landon West. 
Jan. 6. 

Biblical Preaching. 

It is quite a satisfaction to observe that "Bi- 
ble preaching" is becoming more and more 
common amongst us. On every side we hear 
of brethren who are preaching series of ser- 
mons on the books of the Scriptures, or on Bi- 
ble chapters, or preaching straight through a 
given portion of the Bible. This kind of 
preaching, for the most part, is acceptable to 
all who have "ears to hear what the Spirit 
saith unto the churches." Strange to say, how- 
ever, we find a few here and there, even in our 
beloved Zion, who have no ear for " biblical 
preaching." But we praise the Lord for our 
consecrated brethren in the ministry who are 
really serious in their attempts to teach the 
hole Bible 

For a short season, we, who love an open Bi- 
ble, enjoyed a feast of good things at the 
Brandt church. Bro. Wm. Howe came to us 
Dec. 23 and remained uutil Jan. 7. He gave 
us the most interesting and instructive series 
of sermons on the book of Revelation that was 
ever listened to by this congregation. Even 
outsiders were made to say, "We never knew 
that the Bible was such an interesting book." 
Others asked, "Why can 't we have more such 
expository preaching?" One man who was 
never seen inside our church before, on coming 
once, remarked to me, "I'm glad to be here; 
such preaching as this draws; can 't afford to 
miss any more of it." 

Our meetings grew in interest continually, 
and we feel that the meetings closed too soon, 
for many seemed near the kingdom, and were 
" almost persuaded." J. Kurtz Miller, 

Lemasters, Pa. 

Missionary fleeting of the Northwestern 
District of Ohio. 

This meeting will be held in the Portage 
church, three miles west of Prairie Depot, Ohio, 
Thursday, April 17. 

AJternoon Session, 

"Mission Work— the Main Business of the 
Church."— S. P. Bbrkebile, J. L.Guthrie, 

" In What Way Can the Churches of North- 
western Ohio Labor Together to Close up the 
Gaps that Unfortunately Exist between 
Them? "— C. L. Wilkins, J. R. Spacht. 

"The Sister's Place in Mission Work." — 
Mary Cook, Carrie Bame. 

Evening Session, 7 : 30. 
An Exposition of 2 Cor. 8: 12.— B. F. Sny- 
der, E. S. Young. 

"The Gospel (1 Cor. g: 1-14; Matt. 10:9, 10; 
Rom, 10: 13-15) Enjoins a Supported Ministry. 
What Can be Done to Awaken the Membership 
to its Duty? "— L. H, Dickey, G. A. Snider. 
B. F. Snyder, 

Chas. A. Bame, [ Committee. 
J. P. Krabil, Sec, 

small enough to be overshadowed by a large 
Reform church on either side of it, but it is 
large enough to furnish a church home in which 
are kindled the fires of Christian fellowship 
and Christian sacrifice. 

When the church was completed, our dear 
Bro. Miller was with us and helped re-dedicate 
the building, with of all its possibilities, to the 
service of the Master. A large number of the 
brethren and sisters from Chicago and vicinity 
were there, and the dedicatory service, with its 
renewed possibilities, will be long remembered 
by all. The new church has given new inspira- 
tion to the workers in Chicago, and new confi- 
dence in the help of all who are accustomed to 
worship there, 

The first service of note after the dedication 
was the Christmas service, which deserves 
some special mention. The house on Christ- 
mas eve was well filled with Sunday-school 
people and other friends. Through the kind- 
ness of the pastor, we had the loan of Bro. 
Miller's stereopticon, and the superintendent, 
Bro. H. P. Albaugh, assisted by the writer, 
traced on the screen by means of these pic- 
tures, the life and suffering of our Savior, and 
a brief history of the struggles of bis church. 
The service was aided greatly by quotations 
from the Scriptures and spiritual sones. After 
the spiritual feast, we tried to remember the 
children with a few gifts. We first gave them 
each a pocketbook as a Christmas present, 
Each pocketbook contained a new, bright 
nickel. The pocketbook was to belong to the 
children and the nickel to the Lord. They 
were asked to invest the nickel and report in 
three months. Some of them have already re- 
ported that they have made more than $1. It 
begins to look as if, though an investment cost 
us quite a little at the start, the results will be 
very good. 

We are indebted to Albaugh Brothers and 
Dover, who are now in business on Dearborn 
street, under the name of the Trio Specialty Co., 
for their generous gift of a bag English walnuts 
to each of the Sunday-school children. In this 
way we were enabled to remember the children 
with a small treat. 

The new year has begun with bright pros- 
pects, and we are all hoping to make the Sun- 
day school average for the new year between 
150 and 200, and bring up our banner Sunday 
to an attendance of more than 200. The sym- 
pathy and prayers of the entire Brotherhood 
are needed to encourage the work which seems 
so small in a great, wicked city of two million 
people. Millard R. Myers. 

Jan. 14. 

Among the Colored People. 

I write concerning the love feast held in 
the Frankfort church, Nov. 3. 1901, 

Eld. Jonas Horning and the writer were with 
them at each meeting, and Bro. Wm. D. Mal- 
low also at the day meetings. There were also 
members from Circleville, Washington C. H., 
and Jeffersonville, in adjoining counties; and 
the meetings gave a feast for all. Though not 
large, the gatherings were orderly and the peo- 
ple seemed to appreciate and enjoy the Word 
spoken. Eld. James May (colored), of Circle- 
ville, Ohio, was present to take part in the serv- 
ices anddid his partwell. Hisbrother, Charles 
E. May, of Washington C. H., Ohio, also a min- 
ister, bore his share in the work. There are 
now but four members in the Frankfort con< 

Chicago Mission. 

The little church which served as a meeting 
place for those who are trying to hold up the 
Master's cause in Chicago was quite old and 
rickety. The cottage in the rear had every ap- 
pearance of age. There was a general feeling 
on the part of everyone who saw the buildings 
that they needed to be repaired; so plans were 
put in operation which resulted in extending 
the main building both in the front and rear, 
and raising the whole up several feet. A base- 
ment was placed underneath, fitted out with a 
furnace for heating the entire building, and 
with other conveniences, The old cottage was 
torn away, and the extension on the rear of the 
church was made to serve as a cottage, where 
are held our mothers' meetings, sewing schools, 
reading circles and other industrial work. 

We now have five separate Sunday-school 
rooms, one in the basement for the primary 
department, and four apartments upstairs, 
which can either be used separately or all 
thrown into one room, The church is still 


"What therelore God hath joined together, let not 
man put asunder." 

BYERLY —ELLIOTT. — By the under- 
signed, at the residence of the bride's parents, 
near Beaver Dam, Ohio, Dec. 31, 1901, Bro. I. 
W. Byerly and Miss Grace Elliott, both of Allen 
County, Ohio. David Byerly. 

BUCHER— BUCHER.— At the home of C. 
Roddis, the officiating minister, near Ipava, 
111., Mr. Isaac Bucher and Sister Lydia Bucher, 
both from Astoria, 111. S. G. Bucher. 

EMIG— ELGIN.— At the home of the bride's 
parents, by Bro. Cyrus Bucher, Mr. Solomon 
Emig and Miss Bessie Elgin, both from near 
Astoria, 111. S. G. Bucher. 

KOONTZ— DETWILER.— By the under- 
signed, at New Enterprise, Pa., Dec. 25, 19.01, 
Bro. Daniel Koontz, of Woodbury, Pa., and 
Sister Annie Detwiler, of Salemville, Pa. 

C. L. Buck. 

SHIVELY— BINGAMAN— By the under- 
signed, at the residence of the bride's parents, 
near Cerrogordo, III , Jan. 5, 1902, Mr. John C. 
Shively, of Peru, Ind., and Sister Susie C. Binga- 
man, of Cerrogordo, 111. John ARNOLD. 


" Blessed are the dead which die la the Lord." 

BROWER, Sister Sarah Ann, nee Hess, wife 
of Abraham Brower, died Dec. 7, 1901, in the 
Tippecanoe church, Kosciusko County, Ind„ 
aged 56 years, n months and 14 davs. She 
was a member of the church for many years. 
She leaves a husband and three children. 
Services at the home from Philpp. 1: 21 by the 
writer, assisted by Eld. E. Brumbaugh, of the 
Old Order Brethren. 

David Rothenberger. 

Jan. 25, 1902 


BRUMBAUGH, Sister Lany, nee Jerrett, wife 
of Eld. Ephraim Brumbaugh, died Dec. 21, 
1901, in ^e Tippecanoe church, Kosciusko, 
Ind., aged 71 years, 4 months and 12 days. 
She was the mother of five sons, three of whom 
preceded her. Services in the Brethren 
church. Text, I Cor. 15:55 by the writer, as- 
sisted by Bro. I. S. Grady. 

Daniel Rothenberger. 

DAVIDSON, Bro. Wm„ died Jan. 3, i 002 , 
aged ahoiit 73 years. He leaves a wid"w and six 
children to mourn their loss. He was a con- 
sistent member of the Bean Settlement church, 
Hardy Co., W. Va. Services by Eld. D. B. Ar- 
nold from 2 Tim. 4:7. A. W, Arnold. 

EBIE, Bro. John, died Jan. 1, IQ02, at Hart- 
ville, Ohio, ageti 87 years. 5 months and 23 
days. He united in marriage with Margaret 
HosBler in 1838, who fell asleep eighteen years 
ago. To this union were born eighteen chil 
dren, twelve of whom were present at the fu 
neral. He was an exemplary member of the 
Brethren church for over fifty years. Services 
by Eld. N. Longanecker from Philpp. 1 : 23, as- 
sisted by others. Interment in East Nimishil- 
len cemetery. W. Bixler. 

GAYMAN, Sister Elizabeth, died Nov. 30, 
igoi, in the Upper Cumberland church, Pa., 
aged 81 years, 5 months and 10 days. In her 
death the Upper Cumberland church has lost 
another loving sister and the children a kind 
mother. J. E. Hollinger. 

GARNER, Bro. William, died at his home, 
near Moline, Ohio, Dec. 30, 10,01, aged 89 years, 
7 months and 8 days. He was born in Bucks 
County, Pa., May 22, 1812. He united in mar- 
riage to Martha Eberly Nov. 31, 1833, who 
passed away eleven years ago. To this union 
were born three sons and three daughters. 
One son and two daughters survive. He has 
been a member of the Brethren church for 
over sixty years. Services at the Black 
Swamp church by brethren Perry McKimmey 
and Simon Garber from Rev. 14: 13 and Rev, 
22. Catharine Garner. 

HALTEMAN, Bro. William H„ died Jan. 
5, 1902, at his home near Coventry Brethren 
church, of typhoid-pneumonia, aged 38 years, 
3 months and 27 days. Services by brethren I, 
C Holsopple and J. P. Hetnc. Text, " Many 
are the afflictions of the righteous, but the 
Lord delivereth him out of them all." He was 
a member of the Coventry Brethren church. 
He leaves a wife and two daughters. 

Esther B. Kulp. 

HOOVER, Sister Sarah E„ nee Wiles, died 
Jan. 4, 1902, in the bounds of the Ridge congre- 
gation, Pa., of pneumonia, aged 35 years, 1 
month and 21 days. She leaves a kind hus- 
band and four little children. She was a de- 
voted sister and her death has caused quite a 
gloom. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Bro. J. G. Games and B. F. Huber, of the Rad- 
ical U. B. church, of which the husband is a 
member. Interment at Salem, near Chambers- 
burg, Pa. Wm, A. Anthonv. 

LOGSTON, Alvin Fay, son of Bro. Burnerd 
and Sister Hettie Logston, died Dec. 12, 1901, 
in Bloomington, 111,, aged 2 years, 4 months 
and 1 day. He fell in a tub of hot water. 

E.J. Miller. 

MILLER, Carl A„ son of A. J. and M. C. 

Miller, died Dec. 28, 1901, in the Sangerville 

congregation, Va., aged 1 year and 4 months. 

Services at Sangerville by Bro. A. S. Thomas, 

Emma F. Miller. 

MILLER, Sister Clara, died Jan. 3, 1902, of 
typhoid fever, aged 32 years, 2 months and 1 
day. Deceased leaves a husband and eight 
children. Services in the Oakland church, 
Ohio, by Eld. J, H.Christian. 

Anna Witwer. 

MILLER, Levi, died Dec. 21, 1901, at Mex- 
ico, Ind., aged 84 years, 9 months and 28 days. 
He was born in Augusta County, Va., Feb, 23, 
1817. About sixty years ago he came to Indi- 
ana and located on the site where he died. 
Having gathered together some of this world's 
goods, and wishing to use a part of it for the 
Poor, he, about thirteen years ago, began the 
work of constructing a "Home" near the 
church, for the aged members who had no 
home. Here also orphan children were to be 
taken in and cared for. In a very few years it 
was found that a number of old people and a 
number of children did not suit together, so 
Bro. Miller erected another large and substan- 
tial building for the children. While bis 
health permitted he was a frequent visitor to 


the Homes and seemed to be much interested 
in the success nf the Homes and welfare of the 
inmates. The last few years he was very bad- 
ly afflicted, so much so that he could no longer 
visit the Homes or attend church, but he bore 
his affliction with Christian patience, Services 
in the Mexico church. Bro. Frank Fisher con 
ducted the services, assisted by Irvin Fisher, 
from Acts 20:24. A. D. Lair. 

MYERS, Sister Sarah Ann, daughter of 
Eld, Daniel Harp and widow of Abraham 
Myers, died Jan. i, 1902, in the bounds of the 
Beaverdam church, Frederick County, Md., 
aged 67 years, 6 months and 5 days. One son 
and one daughter survive her. Services by 
Eld. T. J. Kolb and the writer from Matt. 24: 
44- E. W. Stoner. 

MYERS, Bro. Joel, died Dec. 25, igoi, in the 
Monocacy church, Md., aged 74 years, 
months and 15 days. He was born in the Pipe 
Creek church, Md., and moved here in 1861. 
His first marriage was to Anna Engler Dec. II 
1856. His second marriage was to Susan R 
Troxel Feb. 18, 1862. His third marriage was 
to Mary A. Sherfy, Feb. 5, 1878. To this mar 
riage five children were born. He leaves a wife 
and three children. Bro. Myers with his wife 
united with the church twenty-one years ago, 
He was a faithful member of the Brethren 
church and always took an active interest 
the workings of the church. Services in the 
Pipe Creek church by elders T. J. Kolb, J. S. 
Weybright and E. W. Stoner. 

Samuel Weybright. 

NEFF, Bro. Iverson, son of L. A. and Anna 
Neff, died Oct. 28, igoi, in the Solomon's Creek 
congregation, Syracuse, Ind., aged 24 years 
and 19 days. Iverson joined the church in his 
fourteenth year. Iverson was an energetic 
young man. Interment in Syracuse cemetery. 
Services by William and James Neff. 

L, A. Neff, 

REEDY, Sarah J., died Dec. 5, igoi, in the 
Greenmount church, Va., of paralysis, aged 77 
years, 8 months and ig days. She leaves one 
daughter. Services at the Brush church by 
Eld. I. C. Myers, fr^m Philpp. 1:21. 

Jacob A. Gakbek 

ROBERTS, H. Stewart, beloved husband of 
Ella Roberts, nee Englar, died Dec. 26, 1901, 
in the bounds of the Meadow Branch church, 
Carroll Co., Md., aged 53 years, 7 months and 
ig days. He leaves a devoted wife and twc 
loving daughters. Services by the writer 
i'ext, I Sam. 20:3. E. W. Stoner. 

SMALL, Sister Agnes V., wife of friend 
Leander Small, died Dec. 18, igoi.near Altsdale, 
Franklin Co., Pa., aged 52 years. 7 months and 
11 days, The deceased was afflicted for quite 
a while, but bore it with patience. Services at 
the home of the deceased. She leaves a hus- 
band, one son and two daughters. Services by 
the undersigned, assisted by Mr. Kitzmiller, of 
the United Brethren church. 

Isaac Riddlesberger. 
SNYDER, Sister Susan, wife of Bro. Petei 
Snyder, died Jan. 5, 1902, near Altenwald, 
Franklin Co., Pa., aged 60 years, 9 months and 
20 days. The deceased was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Brethren church for several years. 
She leaves a husband, two sons and two daugh- 
ters. Services and interment at Mount Zion 
by the undersigned from Matt. 24:44. 

Isaac Riddlesberger. 

THRUSH, Sister Bertha, died Dec. 24, 1901, 
at Jacksonville in the bounds of the Upper 
Cumberland church, Pa., aged 23 years, 10 
months and 4 days. Sister Bertha leaves a 
husband and small child, father, mother, one 
brother and three sisters. Services by Bro. S. 
M. Stauffer. J. E. Hollinger. 

VANCE, Bro. Daniel, died Dec. 24, igoi, in 
the Upper Cumberland church, Pa., aged 77 
years, 10 months and 8 days. Services by Bro. 
Jacob Hollinger and Mr. Wagner, of the Unit- 
ed Brethren church. J. E. Hollinger. 

VIA, Wootson Norvell, son of Matthew T. 
and Sister Mollie A. Via, died Nov. 14, 1901, 
near Doylesville, Albemarle Co., Va., aged 2 
years and 8 months. Interment in the home 
graveyard. Services from Luke 18: 16. 

M. H. Shaver. 

WISSINGER, Lester B.,on|y son of Brother 
and Sister Wm. Wissinger, died Jan. 3, 1902, at 
Walnut Grove, Pa., aged 3 years, 7 months and 
26 days. Services by the writer and Eld, 
Abraham Fyock at the home of the deceased. 
P. J. Blough. 


Your Subscription to the 

Gospel Messenger for 1902 


We shall be pleased to have all of our old subscribers renew without 
further delay. The date on the papers can then be moved up to Jan. I, 1903. 

A number of new names have been added to our list. The old subscrib- 
ers will of course want the paper continued, and this will give the Messenger 
an increased circulation. 

No member of the Brethren church should think of doing without the 
Gospel Messenger, for the paper keeps our people thoroughly posted on all 
lines of work carried on by the church. 

The paper is printed every week, there being fifty-two issues a year 
Price, per annum, St. 50. 

22 and 24 S. State Street, Elg , N| Illin0 , s 

Mr.World and 
Miss Church= 
Member « ® 

Sold in 18 Days 

By Two Brothers in 
Johnstown, Pa 

Do you want to make the same kind of a 

You can if you are made out of the right 
kind of material. 

This book is a powerful allegory, written 
somewhat after the style of "Pilgrim's Prog- 
ress," but is in no sense an imitation nf it. 

It clearly illustrates how Satan deceives the 
church member step by step, and finally gets 
him just where he can use him to his best ad- 

You will never regret reading it. Price, only 
gi.oo. Write for terms to agents. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
22 and 24 S. State Street. Elgin, III. 




If you have not read "Girdling the Globe," 
by D. L. Miller, you have missed one of the 
best books published by the House. It vividly 
describes his trip around the world, and takes 
the reader along in such an easy manner that 
you feel as though you were traveling over the 
same ground with him. 

The book is well illustrated, and contains 602 
pages. You cannot make a better Christmas 
present to your friends. Price in morocco, 
$3.00; sheep, $2,50; cloth, S2.00. It is an excel- 
lent book for agents to handle. Write for terms 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 


This is What Peter Huffmam Says About 
Bible Biographies. 

"I had aooutho advertisement ol these Books, but did 
not know thofr value. I havo now __ 
the five, nnd they nro n (jood jrilt 
to anyone that will read thorn, 

old, Thov -.. 
'eight InRold, In niyo 

I would that the center tables ol 
our brethren wero loaded with 
such books Instead of tlio trashy 
novels and harmful literature that 
Is so often in the homes."— Peter 
Huffman, Elkhart, Ind. 

The cut shows only a part 
of the beauty of the set of 
books. The five that are now ready are "Jos- 
eph the Ruler," "Samuel the Judge," "David 
the King," " Daniel the Fearless," " Moses the 
the Leader," and first volume of "Jesus the 

They are artistically made, combining ele- 
gance and beauty at a moderate cost. You 
cannot make a better selection for a Christmas 

The price, postpaid, is thirty-five cents each. 
or three for £1,00, Let us have your order 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin, III, 

The New Hymn Book 


Is a neatly-bound book, and is just the thing 
for you to carry when the Hymnal would be too 

There are always those in every congrega- 
tion who cannot read music, Remember that 
this hook was made especially for such, and we 
arc ready to fill your orders, 

The first edition has nearly all been sold. 
Send in your order before the holiday rush, and 
thus avoid delay. The price is only 35 cents 
for a single copy, or $3.60 per dozen, prepaid. 

Address all orders to 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Every Minister... 

And every other person, for that matter, 
ought surely to have in reach Wayland's 
book, "Paul, The Herald of the Cross." 
It is a well-bound volume, 104 pages, and 
tells the story of St. Paul in such a sim- 
ple, straightforward way that the reader 
15 led along by easy steps from his boy- 
hood to his martyrdom, in an absorbing 
way. The book is replete with interest, 
and most instructive. It is the kind of a 
book to buy for the boy or the girl, or 
for both of them. And older people can 
read it with profit. There is nothing dull 
about it. The price is only 40 cents. Send 
for it. 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin, III. 



Jan. 25, 1902 


Mrs. McKinley has been given the free use 
of the mails. 

The people of London, England, consume 
seven tons of salt each day. 

Two commissions will be sent from England 
to America to inquire into educational and 
labor questions. 

Leas than one million dollars of the two and 
a half wanted for the Queen Victoria memorial 
fund has been subscribed. 

Tung Fuh Siang, who led the attack on the 
legations at Pekin, was decapitated by order 
of the Dowager Empress Jan. 15. 

It is said that two hundred thousand dollars 
will be offered in prizes for airships at the Lou- 
isiana Purchase exposition at St. Louis. 

The government will bear the loss of the sev- 
enty-four thousand dollars worth of stamps 
stolen from the Chicago post office some 
months ago. 

The revenue collected in the District of 
Columbia is less than four million dollars an- 
nually. The disbursements are nearly eight 
million dollars. 

What is supposed to be reliable news is to the 
effect that Miss Stone and Mrs. Tsilka and 
child are well. Negotiations for their release 
are still being carrie d on. 

Since the Filipinos do not appreciate the 
gentle treatment given them by our govern- 
ment, it is reported that severe measures will 
be employed against the rebels. 

The French Chamber of Deputies this week 
voted unanimously to sustain the policy of the 
French ministry in refusing to interfere be- 
tween Great Britain and the Bocs. 

Mr. Chamberlain, colonial secretary in the 
English government, says that the reports that 
the Boera have made overtures for peace in 
South Africa are without foundation. 

Whitelaw Reid, General James H. Wilson 
and Captain Charles E. Clark have been ap- 
pointed American envoys to the coronation of 
King Edward, which will take place in June, 

During the year 1901 the employment of 
children as workers in Illinois increased thirty 
nine per cent, while that of men increased but 
nine per cent and of women sixteen per cent. 

A woman general who commanded eight 
hundred FilipinoB has been captured by the 
Americans. She has led insurgent bands for 
six years, but will now use her influence to get 
them to surrender. 

A movement to publish a Catholic hymnal in 
the United States has been started. It wil' 
probably be the only one in the world, as con 
gregational singing in Catholic churches is not 
in vogue elsewhere. 

American business men located in London, 
England, have decided to support the Ameri- 
can exhibition at the Crystal Palace at Syden- 
ham next summer. They will ask the govern- 
ors of the different States of the Union toco- 
operate with them. 

After establishing in this country 177 libraries 
at an expense of seventeen and a half million 
dollars, Mr. Carnegie is arranging for a library 
for himself at Skibo Castle, Scotland. The 
professor of history at Oxford, England, is to 
select the books for him. 

report they recommended the Nicaragua route; 
in the new report they unanimously recommend 
the Panama route, the Panama company hav- 
ing offered to sell out for forty million dollars. 
Their price before was a hundred million. 



Too Late for Classification. 

(Continued from Page 61.) 
none of us are too close to God's Word. None 
of us will be rejected on the ground that we 
believe and practice too much of the Word,— 
the Bible. But those of us who fail to enter 
heaven will be disappointed because we did 
not live up to the Word of God— the way bill. 

He that sayeth, I know him, and keepeth not 
his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is 
not in him,"— John. What about a liar enter- 
ing heaven? What about a man who has no 
truth in him entering heaven? "The words 
that I have spoken, the same shall judge him 
n the last day."— Jesus. 

Did we ever picture ourselves before the 
Judge of all the earth on the judgment day, there 
to be judged by the Word we should have 
lived by? Will it not be a glorious time to 
those who have lived in harmony with the 
Word Jesus has spoken? How can Jesua be 
the author of salvation to those who obey him 
and also to those who disobey him? This 
would be bringing both together on opposite 
conditions, and honoring them alike, though 
one had never respected the conditions of sal- 
vation, but went about setting up his own way, 
thereby dishonoring God, Christ and the Holy 

A man comes to us seeking employment, we 
agree with him on certain work to be done. 
He sets out to work and when we find out his 
work, or test his work, we find it by no means 
in harmony with our directions. We dismias 
him because he did not obey orders. What, 
reader, will the Judge decide in our favor when 
he finds our work ia not according to the direc 
tions he gave us? N. N, Garst. 

Sevensprings, N. C. 


From Troutvllle, Va. 

Bro. W. B. Stover came to the Valley 
church, Botetourt Co., Va., Jan. 12. He deliv- 
ered six lectures on his work and condition and 
customs of India. Words fail me in giving a full 
account of his talks or the good impressions 
made while here. The congregations were 
very large. I think his work here has given 
inspiration to the cause of missions which I 
hope will not soon be forgotten. 

During hia stay the school at Daleville had a 
series of Bible lessons each day. Bro. Gilbert 
had a period on early church history, Bro, El- 
ler on church government and Bro. Stover one 
period on answering any questions asked him. 

We had large, interested audiences. Some 
Brethren came as far as seventy-five miles. 
Bro. Stover's time was too short. The people 
are anxious to hear him again. Who is it that 
can hear of the real conditions of those poor 
heathen souls and not feel to assist in 
spreading the pure Word of God to them as 

eU as to other places where we have no mis- 

I hope Bro. Stover can visit many churches, 
and I am quite sure all that come in contact 
with him will be inspired to go or help others 
to go. We feel that Bro. Stover is well suited 
for the work he is engaged in, and the plan for 
him to visit as many churches as possible is a 
good one. I think the effect will be good. We 
hope to see him again when he visits the 
churches in the District. May we all be wi! 
ing to do what we can for the spreading of the 
pure Word of God and the saving of precious 
souls. S. L. Shaver. 

Jan. 17. 

Bachelors Run. — Dec. 14 we began a series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. A. G. Cross- 
white, our elder in charge, and continued to 
Jan. 1. — A. CUngenPeel, R. R., Flora, Ind.,Jan, 

Chippewa Creek — Bro. J. M, Mohler, of 
Pennsylvania, has just closed a very interest' 

This number of the magazine con- 
tains articles by the following sisters: 
Sister D. L. Miller, -Camp Life in the Holy 

Sister Aunt Nannie Roop,— Advice to a Young 

Sister J. Edson Ulery,— Shady Side of City 

Sister Auna M. Mitchel,— Why I Love My 

Mountain Home. 
Sister Hattie Y. Gilbert— Colleges as Match- 
making Places. 
Sister Emma Caratensen,— City and Country 

Sister Felicia Shaffer,— What it Means to be a 

Doctor's Wife. 
Sister Annie Bowman,— Soda Springs. 
Sister Allie Eisenbise,— Animal Instinct. 
Sister Sarah Reese Eby,— Childhood Days. 
Sister Alice E. Rigler— Onward. 
Sister Blanche Lentz,— How an Aid Society is 

Sister Maria Kurtz,— Pride and Humility. 
Sister Lois Needles.— Why I Love My Prairie 

Sister Nancy Underbill,— Wild Flowers of the 

Rocky Mountains. 
Sister Amanda Witmore,— Why I Believe in 

Hygienic Foods. 
Sister Anna R. Myera— Humming Birds. 
Sister H. S. Yoder,— The Model Home. 
Sister Barbara Culley,— The Pros and Cons of 

Life in a City Flat. 
Sister John E. Mohler,— The Missouri Mock- 
Sister Cora Keim,— A Day in a Maple Sugar 

Siater J. D. Teeter,— The Family Garden in 

Sister Libbie Miller,— Alabama. 
Sister Elmer Snowberger — Roaring Spring. 
Siater Jennie Kern Gnagey,— A Lesson from 

Sister J. W. Wayland — How a Married Man 

Keeps House when his Wife is Away 
Siater Celia C. Bonsack,— Frontier Life on the 
Dakota Plains. 
There are also recipes by Sisters Delilah 
Hess, D. M. Miller, Maggie B. Rogers, Nancy 
J. Stutzman, M. E. Rothrock, Emma Detwiler, 
Estella V. Weaver, H. P Albaugh, Fannie 
Hershberger, Eliza A. Weaver, Sarah G. Gates, 
Franey Clanin and Rose Miller. 

Queries are answered by Sisters Geo. D. Zol- 
lers, N. J. Roop, Mary Netzley, Fannie Hersh- 
berger, Jos. M. Rowland, Susie Brallier, Edna 
Puterbaugh, Sarah Sell, and H. H. Keim. 

Literary reviews are by Sisters Anna Mitch- 
el, Maud Fahrney, and Georgiana Hoke. 
Sister Grace Hileman has an introduction, and 
there is a poem by Sister Adaline Hobf Beery. 
Over fifty of our sisters have made this Ingle- 
nook, and they have done it well. If you would 
like to see the issue containing these articles 
ask and it will be sent you free. The 'Nook's 
a women's college this week, and the faculty's 
all women. Nothing of this kind has ever be- 
fore been done in the church. That's the 
Inglenook way. Better read it every week 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

Read what People Say about the 
Brethren Hymnal. 

Addressed to Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger, from 
Mrs. Laura E. Newell, who has written at 
least six of the beautiful poems: " I am sure it 
is to you that I am indebted for a copy of your 
most excellent 'Hymnal.' Please accept my 
thanks for the book, for it is the most complete 
edition of sacred song it has ever been my 
good fortune to examine. In it I find many, 
many old friends as well as new, in the shape 
of well-loved hymns. That it may uplift 
many weary hearts heavy laden and multitudes 
of pilgrims, leading them heavenward, with 
song in their hearts, ia the wish of your 

Mrs. Harriet E. Jones, who wrote five hymns, 
including the lovely "Beautiful Golden Some- 
time," aays:" To the lovers of old hymns it 
muat be a delight, as you have given them 
abundant showing. The new ones are the 
very best. You have given ' Spread the 
News' a grand tune, a rousing missionary 
hymn. Thank you. I am very much pleased 
with the tunes to my words. ' Beautiful Golden 
Sometime' has a very sweet tune, as a tune 
about the heavenly home should have. I 
consider the tune to ' Be Loyal, Pilgrims ' the 
very best you have given to any in the book." 

I have received the third hundred of Hym- 
nals, and they are now all sold. Please send 
me the fourth hundred at once. We need 
books. — Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio. 

Testimonials like the above are received 
daily. You are not running any chance in 
sending in your order. 

Price, 65 cents each, or $7. 20 per dozen pre- 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, III. 

Three "Very Valuable Books 
For a Library. 

Touching Incidents and Remarkable An- 
swers to Prayer." 
Dying Testimonies of the Saved and the 

God's Financial Plan." 
The titles of these books convey their con- 
tents. To read them is to appreciate them. 
Price, $1.00, cloth; 35 cents, paper. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

An Educational Book for the Young 

la What You Will Find 
Sister Lizzie Mlller'B... 

Letters to the Young. 

The men of Beaver Falls, Pa., have asked 
that the women be restrained from playing 
cards for prizes. Tbey say they get no more 
cooked dinners, their children are neglected 
and they are being impoverished because of 
the amounts they muat spend to buy the prizes. 

There is a possibility that some of the Chi- 
cago schools will be closed for a short time be- 
cause of a lack of money. The teachers have 
gotten two hundred thousand signers to a peti- 
lion to the aldermen, demanding that no re„ in S series ol """*"£' here. He preached for 

newals of street-railway franchises be granted 
until back taxes for the year 1900 are paid in 
full by the companies. 

Monday of this week the President transmit- 
ted to Congress the supplemental report of the 
Isthmian Canal commission. In their former 

us twenty-four soul-inspiring sermons, held one 
council meeting and one children's meeting. 
Two precious souls, husband and wife, have de- 
cided to unite with us and be baptized in the 
near future. The interest was good, From 
here Bro. Mohler expects to return home. — W, 
F. Jehnzen, Rodney, Mich., Jan. so. 

The Common Use 



Physicians, Experience, Common 
Sense and the Bible. 


It is surprising how much evidence the au- 
thor has succeeded in collecting against the 
common use of tobacco. Well printed, 173 
pages, cloth binding, 50 cents; paper cover, 30 
rents. Address: 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. 

It describes her trip across the Atlantic, her 
landing and trip to the Land of the Midnight 
Sun, and gives a most vivid description of the 
scenery along the way. It has numerous illus- 
trations. Returning it gives scenes in Ger- 
many, France, Venice, Jaffa, Bethany, Shiloh, 
Nazareth and Damascus. 

Every boy and girl should read this book. 
The Fourth Edition now printed. Send your 
orders at once. Price, 75 cents. An excellent 
book for agents to handle. Write for terms to 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, Illinois. 



A History of his Life, and 

Renunciation of Romanism 

...And Freemasonry. 

The author was for a number of years past 
maBter of one of the leading lodges in Chicago, 
Mr. Ronayne understands his subject, and 
knows just how to expose secrecy most com- 
pletely. Cloth binding, 443 pages, price, $1.00. 

Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 40. 

Elgin, III., Feb. 1, 1902. 

No. 5. 



The Ministerial Discord, 73 

Selecting the Field ol Labor 73 

Use or Lose, 73 

Noah's Ark 74 

Gift of the Holy Ghost 74 

Querists' Department 74 


The Glory ol God and Man, By Geo. Hanawalt, i 6o 

Commercialism. By D. D. Culler 66 

Religion in the Camp °7 

The Relation Between the Letter and Spirit of the Word. By J. S. 

Mohler 6 7 

Being Worldly. By John E. Mohler 67 

■•Lord, What Wilt Thou Have Me to Do? " By Cora E. Hoatetler.. 68 

Apparel. By Joseph Holsopple * 68 

A Short Talk to the Laity. By Chas.M. Yearout 69. 

"Love the Brotherhood." 1 Peter 2: 17. By S.J. Thompson, 69 

"Saying Prayers." By N.R.Baker 60 

With My Bible in Palestine. By Albert C. Wieand 7° 

Faithfulness. By Wealthy A. Burkholder 7o 


An Unwritten Side to Missionary Effort 75 

Distributing Tracts. By D. Hays ■ 75 

E3senceof leaching of Christ, By S. V. Thomas 75 

Holy Ghost Baptism. By Daniel Clapper 75 

Fill the Front Seats. By J. L.Guthrie, 75 


The Pan-American Congress is still sitting at Mex- 
ico City. Much time has been devoted to the arbitra- 
tion question. For a time it seemed that no conclu- 
sion could be reached. Some said that the South 
American countries never could agree on anything 
relating to the vital question. But the bone of con- 
tention has been removed, and a very satisfactory 
agreement reached. All the American republics have 
accepted The Hague arbitration terms, and hereafter 
national disputes are to be settled, if possible, without 
a resort to arms. This is a decided victory in the in- 
terest of peace. It does not usher in the reign of 
peace promised for the Millennium, but it points in 
that direction. This means much for both South and 
Central America. While the different governments 
have accepted The Hague conditions of arbitration, 
it will require time for some of them fully to realize just 
what it all means, and conduct themselves accordingly. 
They are so accustomed to rushing into war every 
time a dispute arises, that it will be difficult for them 
to accommodate themselves to the better way of liv- 
ing. But they will reach it by and by. 

valuable collectivism it is there, as in Great Britain, 
an unqualified success. The last statement that we 
have seen of the savings of the people of Canada in 
all such banks is over $42,000,000. 

Last week earthquake shocks were distinctly felt 
in many parts of the Mississippi valley. The dis- 
turbance occurred near five o'clock in the morning. 
There were two shocks, and while not much damage 
was done, many people were frightened. Some of 
them left their beds and appeared in the streets in 
their night clothes. The shocks were severe in St. 
Louis and were felt as far west as Kansas City. At 
Alton and Belleville there was considerable shaking 
up. The frightened people, fearing their houses 
would fall upon them, rushed half dressed into the 
open air. The shaking of walls was particularly no- 
ticeable in brick buildings. Every now and then there 
is a disturbance of this sort in the valley of the Mis- 
sissippi, not so great, however, as it was in 181 1, when 
water and mud in Southern Illinois were by an earth- 
quake thrown fully a hundred feet into the air. A 
shock like that now would doubtless destroy many of 
the tall buildings found in the larger cities. 

been reduced from $90,000,000 to $40,000,000 prompt- 
ed the Commission to submit a second report, in which 
the Panama route is unanimously favored. It is 
shown that it is much the shorter route, will not re- 
quire as many locks and dams as the Nicaragua canal 
would, can be constructed, operated and maintained 
much cheaper, and in the way of harbors has very 
superior advantages. Considerable work has already 
been done on the Panama canal, and everything is now 
in readiness for a new company to take hold and push 
the work to completion. All this, of course, with the 
understanding that the Colombian government makes 
the necessary concessions. 

Many people in this country are very much inter- 
ested in a Postal Savings Bank system. In no country 
in the world is the development of these banks and 
their use more promising than in Belgium, Europe. 
In this little kingdom they already number over 15,000. 
The Government considers their value of supreme im- 
portance in creating an economic public spirit and a 
development of thrift. The dividends in 1900-01 have 
ranged from four to five per cent. The people have 
entire confidence in these banks and are led constant- 
ly to increase their small deposits. The elimination 
of a spirit of distrust and uneasiness is no small fac- 
tor in creating a peaceable, prosperous and happy com- 
munity. One of the most significant sights in the in- 
teresting old-time city, Bruges, is the working men 
and women handing in their savings of a Sunday 
morning to the post office clerk, in charge of the Bel- 
gian State Funds for Savings and old age. This sav- 
ing habit makes the poorest people capitalists and in- 
creases the spirit of independence. The Canadian 
Finance minister reports that the system of Postal 
Savings Banks in that country is so satisfactory that 
no one would ever dream of suggesting that it be di- 
minished in any particular. As a demonstration of 

An interesting and significant incident occurred a 
few days ago. Signor Marconi, the inventor of wire- 
less telegraphy, sailed away from New York on the 
steamer " Philadelphia," en route for Europe. He 
had on board one of his wireless instruments, and with 
this he kept up communication with parties in New 
York for five hours. In his haste he had neglected 
a number of matters that should have received his at- 
tention before leaving America. So while sailing 
away he kept up a constant conversation with his agent 
on shore. He'atso talked with others, and informed 
the officers of ship lines where their vessels were 
as they were sighted. The " Philadelphia " finally 
ran into a fog, and then out again. These facts were 
made known to the steamer agents in New York. 
And thus communications were continued until the 
vessel was nearly seventy miles out at sea, this being 
as far as the instrument on board would carry mes- 
sages. Marconi goes to England to perfect his ar- 
rangements for telegraphing across the ocean without 
the use of wires. There can hardly be any question 
about his project proving a success, and in the course 
of a few years news will be flying from island to 
island and from one continent to the other, and that, 
too, without the use of wires. A vessel sailing away 
towards the north or south pole will be able at any 
time to communicate with the rest of the world. God 
has given man dominion over the works of his hands 
and he is accomplishing wonders. 

In spite of the action of the House in favoring the 
Nicaragua route for the proposed canal across the 
isthmus, it now looks as though the Panama route may 
yet be chosen. Last year a very competent Commis- 
sion was, by Congress, appointed to make thorough 
investigation, and recommend the best point at which 
to construct a canal. This was done in order that the 
most reliable information possible, on every depart- 
ment of the undertaking, might be at the command of 
Congress. The Commission had plenty time and 
money at its disposal, and did thorough work. The 
first report recommended the Nicaragua route, and at 
the same time pointed out certain advantages con- 
nected with the Panama route that the former did 
not have. But the price set on the latter was beyond 
all reason, and mainly on that account the Commission 
did not care to recommend it. But the price having 

The Scientific American seems to be decidedly in 
favor of the shorter route, and gives a number of 
reasons for its preference. The Commission estimates 
the value of the work done at Panama, the Panama 
Railroad, the maps, drawings, etc., at $40,000,000, 
while it states that " practically none of the property," 
representing work done, etc., at Nicaragua, " would 
have any value to-day in the construction of the canal." 
The total cost of completing Panama is estimated at 
$144,233,358, while the total cost of building Nicara- 
gua will be $189,864,062. The Panama Company, 
however, have offered to sell their properties at the 
price named by our Commission, $40,000,000. thus 
making the cost of the completed Panama Canal $184,- 
233.358. This renders the completed Panama canal 
cheaper by $5,630,704 at first cost. The Commission, 
however, say it will cost $1,300,000 more every year 
to maintain and operate Nicaragua than it will Pana- 
ma. This sum capitalized at four per cent and added 
to the cost of constructing Nicaragua, makes the 
Panama canal, considered as a financial proposition, 
over $38,000,000 cheaper in the long run than the 
Nicaragua canal. It would not surprise us if the 
Panama route is yet chosen. 

In addition to what was said on this page some 
weeks ago about the water supply in Jerusalem, we 
now give the following: The city is to have a water 
supply distributed in the modern way, through cast- 
iron pipes. In ancient times the City of David was 
well supplied with water. The remains of ancient 
aqueducts are still discoverable, but since the Turks 
came into possession the city has been dependent upon 
the storage of rain water in the cisterns hewn in the 
rock under the streets and dwellings. As may be im- 
agined, it has been none of the best, and owing to 
recent droughts this supply has given out. Authority 
has now been given to bring water in iron pipes from 
Ain Selah, or the " Sealed Fountain," at Solomon's 
Pools, about nine miles south of the city. A pipe six 
inches in diameter will bring enough water to supply 
a number of public fountains provided with faucets 
from which water of good quality may be drawn at 
will. Solomon, in his famous song, speaks of this 
secret spring now turned to use. "My beloved," he 
says, " is like a spring shut up, a fountain sealed." It 
is a deep-down subterranean spring, which has from 
the time of Solomon flowed through the arched tunnel 
built by him to the distributing chamber or reservoir 
near the northwest corner of the highest of Solomon's 
Pools. Half a century ago, says the New York 
Times, the location of this " hidden " spring, which 
was still, as in Solomon's time, flowing into the reser- 
voir mentioned, was unknown. The tunnel is roofed 
by stones, leaning against each other like an inverted 
V, the primitive form of the arch, which is also seen 
in' the roof of the queen chamber of the Great Pyramid. 
The entrance to this tunnel from the spring is one of 
the oldest structures in existence. 



Feb. I, 1902 

* ESSAYS •-+- 

"Study to show thyself approved unto God. a workman that needeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth.' : 


We've got a new preacher at our church 

And the people think he's fine, 
He's college made and up-to-date 

And pleases all the time; 
We gnt so tired of Preacher Brown 

And his old Bible way, 
We wanted something modern- 
Something suitable for our day. 
Brother Vondike never speaks of hell, 

That lake of raging flames, 
But talks about the little birds 

And flowers along the lanes, 
He talks of art and science, 

Of the sun, moon and stars, 
Of the nation's prosperity, 

Of civil and foreign wars. 
The law he never preaches, 

Although of course he might. 
To hurt the people's conscience. 

He does not think it right. 
The good paying members 

Are the ones he likes the best. 
Although he does not object 

To preaching for the rest. 
We've had such good revivals 

Since Brother Vondike came. 
We've had a dozen suppers 

And no two of them the same. 
We '11 have an entertainment 

At the church next Sunday night, 
It's going to be the biggest thing 

That ever came in sight. 
We've got to raise some money 

To pay oft a little debt, 
And it 's going to be the greateat thing 

We've undertaken yet; 
For this great entertainment 

We cannot find a name, 
But if nothing happens 

We 'II have it just the same. 

Preacher Brown used to say 

The world we should not love, 
He eaid that our affections should be 

Placed on things above. 
Brother Vondike 's different, 

He talks another way; 
He thinks we should be merry 

And repent some other day. 

Preacher Brown he'd talk of Christ, 

The one who reigns above; 
Of the blood be shed on Calvary 

And of redeeming love; 
He'd say his footsteps we should follow 

As we go about each day, 
To obtain eternal happiness 

There is no earthly way. 

Brother Vondyke came here 

About a month ago. 
You ought to hear our singing 

It 's equal to a show; 
We have flutes and horns and fiddles 

And anthems by the score, 
And the songs of our performance 

Have a dozen parts or more. 

Preacher Brown he used to say 

Let all the people sing; 
The hymns of Watts and Wesley 

He thought were just the thing; 
But they were no more to us 

Than a lot of homely rhymes. 
They are far too old fashioned 

And away behind the times. 

There is one fault to Brother Vondyke, 

But for this he 'd be immense, 
Ever since he came here 

He's been a great expense. 
At the close of the morning sermon 

He said, " You've not paid me quite. 
So do n't forget our entertainment 

We're to have next Sunday night." 
-C. G. Bertholf, Ord, Iowa, in Winterset Reporter, 



There is one glory of the sun, and one glory of the moon, and 
one glory of the stars, and one star differeth from another star 
in glory.— 1 Cor. 15: 41. 

The apostle was addressing the Grecians at Corinth, 

whose highest attainment was in astronomy, and to 

whom the literary world owes a debt of the highest 

regard for the advancement we have made in astronom- 
ical knowledge. He was trying to teach them Chris- 
tianity, and was on the subject of the resurrection of 
the dead, which is the bottom plank of the Christian 
doctrine. If the dead rise not, then is our faith a 
vain hope. After discussing the resurrection lie gives 
them the illustration in our text by way of a passing 
notice of the glorious attainment of the immortality 
of the soul. 

The Grecian people were worshipers of the sun, 
moon and stars, and any reference to these was in line 
with their chief devotion, and would at once gain their 
attention and interest. They had about 102 clusters of 
stars which astronomers call constellations, in which 
they believed their gods resided. But the chief of all 
their gods was the sun. They were conversant with 
the influence and power of the sun upon all life on the 
face of the earth. Who can estimate the blessing, ben- 
efits and power of light and heat and the distilling in- 
fluence of sunshine on the atmosphere and vegetation ! 
A two hours' lecture would scarcely make a preface 
to the discussion of this part of our subject. No 
wonder, indeed, that the Grecian philosophers took the 
sun for a god in the absence of a knowledge of the 
true and living God. 

There is a proneness in every human breast to seek 
attainment, and when we have been successful we ap- 
preciate our attainment, or in other words we glory in 
our wisdom, art, strength or importance. Persons 
who have accomplished most in the estimation of men 
are awarded the greater degree of appreciation or 
glory. Some persons glory in their beauty, others in 
their wealth, wisdom, art, strength, apparel or impor- 
tance in some way. Indeed, many glory in their ex- 
tremity, either in goodness or badness, or in their dif- 
ference from other people, or perhaps in their religion. 
But it requires more than mortal powers to glory in 
tribulations, afflictions and crosses, such as disappoint- 
ments, rebukes, assaults, persecutions, imprisonments, 
and martyrdom. Yet we have many witnesses of those 
of the apostles and Christian martyrs who endured 
all of these in the cheerfulness of faith and hope of an 
immortality beyond the present life. 

It did not seem very glorious to worldly eyes to see 
the Nazarene Christ quaking in the convulsions of 
death upon the cross, nor the missionary Paul's head 
bound from his body under the Roman ax in the prison 
yard; but Christ must die (see verse 36) that the new 
fruit might appear, and that fruit to 'us is redemption 
from sin and all ungodliness ; so in Christ we all die if 
we will rise to that glorious immortality. We are only 
students and probationers here, but when we graduate 
we will know as we are known ; we will be matured 
fruit of the seed Christ that was planted in us ; then 
we can step from star to star and soar from system to 
system, and it will require all eternity to view the 
celestial landscape over, and our glory will be perfect 
in the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 

The illustration in our text may apply to Christians 
in our day in this wise: As the sun is the great center 
of light and power in the solar system, shedding glo- 
rious benefits all round, so is God in the great and 
glorious system shedding spiritual light, truth, knowl- 
edge, grace, me,rcy, peace, pardon and blessing into 
the darkness of the souls of the children of men ; 
through his Son, as the moon reflects the light of the 
sun, illuminating the souls of men doing the will of the 
Father, opening the way of redemption and the ave- 
nues of salvation, shining forth unto the benighted 
regions of the earth ; having shed his own 
blood, passing the dark valley and the shadow 
of death, finishing the scheme of redemption as or- 
dained of the Father in the garden of Eden. And the 
stars as the lesser lights, shining forth in many differ- 
ent degrees of brightness, may fitly resemble the chil- 
dren of God who are shedding forth some of the glo- 
rious light of the Word of God in the world. 

Astronomers, observing the different degrees of 
brightness, have classified the stars into several degrees 
of magnitude with regard to their visible appearance. 
And it is remarkable that of all the seventeen thou- 
sand stars claimed to be visible to the naked eye, they 
have placed only sixteen in the first magnitude. Is it 
not so with Christians ? How many do you know who 
I would bear to be tested with the Sermon on the Mount 

or the thirteenth chapter of First Corinthians? Sure- 
ly the number is rather small. Even stars of the sec- 
ond and third magnitude are not very numerous; and 
as they diminish in brightness they increase in number, 
and we are told that some of the brighter magnitudes 
have stars that diminish at certain seasons for a time, 
even down to stars of the tenth magnitude, and are 
scarcely visible at all. Is it not so with some Chris- 
tians? During a revival meeting they are all aglow 
with grace and love, and seem to overflow with the 
"good spirit;" but when the preacher is gone they 
lose all their splendor and are stars with very little 
light. Then, again, we are told that in the piercing 
lens of the great telescope thousands of stars come to 
view that cannot be seen with the naked eye. So it 
seems with the great bulk of Christian professors. 
You would need to use a spyglass to see that they 
were Christians at all, or that they had any spiritual 
glory about them. 

If all Christian professors would shed forth all the 
light they ought, the heathen lands would soon revere 
the glorious light of the Gospel and the glory of the 
only begotten of the Father. O that we might live un- 
to God while we live in the world, and that we " might 
die the death of the righteous, and that our last end 
may be as his " ! 

Boucher, Pa. 



The age in which we live has become an age of con- 
centrated commercialism. If we ask who it is that 
amasses the fortunes to-day, the answer is no longer 
as formerly the general of a plundering expedition. 
or the prince of some industrious people, but the man 
who knows how to trade. 

That creative, formative genius deserves better re- 
turns for time and talent employed than does trading 
or commercial genius is, I think, very evident to'every 
one; and yet it is equally evident that wealth is not 
thus distributed. It is not the man who has greatest 
ability as an author who gets most for his labor ; it is 
rather the one who can best peddle what he has written. 
Imagine the master artists crying their wares on street 
corners ! And yet this age seems to recognize nothing 
which is not thus advertised. Indeed, nothing seems 
to escape the peddler nowadays. 

Formerly only articles visible were used in trade. 
Now thought, theory and fancy are all seized upon. 
If a man happens to have an original thought, there are 
a thousand peddlers ready to stamp it, price it, and 
vend it about the street — scarcely could the late Presi- 
dent die in peace for the army of clamoring correspond- 
ents who would catch his last utterances that they 
might peddle them for the pennies there were in it. 
And they will do the same thing with theories and 

Of course one who buys the thought or fancy pays 
a dozen traders and a dozen bookkeepers, but then one 
has the satisfaction of knowing that one has had the 
privilege of examining the articles and of paying for 
what one picks out. Though the privilege may cost a 
great deal in this age of many middlemen yet the sov- 
ereign right of the purchaser to examine before he pays 
is zealously guarded. You are well aware that the 
books of real literature are fewer than the books which 
peddle the literature, or in other words, criticise i.t. 
If a man cannot write a real book, he can probably 
peddle something that someone else has written. Not 
wholly an inglorious task, indeed ! If one cannot in- 
terpret the Bible himself, he can possibly peddle some 
other man's interpretation. Indeed, there are authors 
whose avowed purpose it is to give you other men's 
opinions on various subjects, and they frequently se- 
lect men who are dead and buried, so that the men 
themselves cannot be consulted. Such peddlers in- 
variably insist upon your taking just what they offer, 
because they are only traders, you see, and have no 
thoughts of their own. 

It now and then happens that a teacher is a sort of a 
peddler, in which case he can not bear to have the au- 
thority of the text-book questioned. And of course 
it does take a great deal of grit and sometimes shows 

Feb. I, I9° 2 



considerable presumption on the part of the student to 
question the quality of intellectual food offered him. 
But yet it should be remembered that the privilege to 
examine before taking is vouchsafed to all buyers in 
this age of trading. And should not the purchaser of 
truth be granted the same privilege as the purchaser of 
shoes or wheat ? Should a vender of theories or opin- 
ions insist on our taking what he offers us without 
first giving us the privilege of examining what we are 

When we, in this commercial age, are offered other 
men's interpretations of the Bible, may we not have the 
freedom of examination ? Are we as purchasers under 
obligations to accept every article offered to us and 
bearing the stamp of age? The age of an article cer- 
tainly lends charm and poetical sentiment, but it does 
not always lend service. 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 


The " power of the keys" was conferred upon Peter 
as a reward of his good confession (Matt. 16: ic.). 
The keys referred to were not those of the Celestial 
City. The picture of Peter sitting at its gate as a tick- 
et-taker is a ludicrous perversion of the truth. There 
are no keys of heaven. Its twelve gates are never 
closed. As a reward for his loyalty to the fundamental 
doctrine of the Lordship of Christ, Peter was com- 
missioned to throw open the doors of the visible church 
to the Gentiles. This was done on the day of Pente- 
cost. Previously, the Jews alone, as. a chosen people, 
had been included in the charmed circle ; but on that 
day, when the influence of the Holy Ghost came down 
on the assembled company, the middle wall of partition 
was thrown down. In answer to the cry, " Men and 
brethren, what shall we do?" Peter, as spokesman 
of the church, said, " Repent, and be baptized every 
one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the re- 
mission of your sins ; for the promise is unto you and 
your children, and to all them that are afar off, even 
as many as the Lord our God shall call." Thus the 
keys were turned, and the gates rolled back to admit 
not Jews alone, but all the penitent children of men. 
It is obvious that in this matter Peter stood solitary 
and alone. To speak of his successors -would be as 
presumptuous as to make a similar claim with respect 
to Columbus in his discovery of America. The doors 
being opened once for all, there was no further need of 
those keys. The church is not to endure forever ; only 
until its work is done. There will be no further use of 
its vitalized machinery when the kingdom is established 
on earth ; that is, when every knee shall bow and every 
tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. Then " the 
Holy City, New Jerusalem, will come down from God 
out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her hus- 
band " ; and a great voice will be heard saying. " Be- 
hold, the tabernacle of God is among men ; and he will 
dwell with them, and they shall be his people ; and God 
himself shall be with them, and be their God "(Rev. 
21 : 2, 3). Meanwhile the church stands, in pursuance 
of her Lord's promise, as the great miracle of the ages. 
She has done her work imperfectly, bowing oftentimes 
at false shrines, untrue to her espousal vows ; yet she 
has continued to live because she had a work to do. 
And, notwithstanding her imperfections of character 
and vacillation of purpose, hers has been the one trans- 
forming influence through the history of the ages. — 
Dr. David J. Burrell in the Christian Herald. 

camps. In both series are given the wonderful mani- 
festations of God's Spirit working with and among 
the soldiers of the different camps. This looks won- 
derful that the religion of the Prince of Peace should 
be preached and enjoyed even in camp life. But what 
a strange God must be our God. What a peculiar God 
he must be to so manifest his divine presence and sav- 
ing power to his children, divided into two armies that 
are in mortal conflict one against the other. 

On one side of the river is an army of Baptists, 
Methodists, etc. Their chaplains are preaching the 
peaceable doctrines of Jesus, whose message is bur- 
dened with love and goodwill to men. Hearts are 
pierced with these sublime messages ; they are. con- 
verted from the error of their way, and are baptized 
into fellowship of the saints. On the other side of 
the river is another army called " the boys in gray." 
They, too, are largely made up of Christians of the 
same faith, and have their ministers among them, 
preaching Christ. Sinners are awakened, converted 
and received into the fold of Christ. With these min- 
isters, these brethren, these newborn babes, old things 
have passed away, and all things have become new- 
all are in Christ, bearing and showing fruits of a bet- 
ter life. What a blessed thing is the religion of Jesus. 
In our imagination we can see these brethren throw 
away their implements of death— see them cross the 
river to and fro, embracing each other in their Chris- 
tian allegiance, as subjects of Christ's kingdom. Such 
is the natural outgrowth of the religion of Christ. 
Those who espouse this cause are all holy brethren, of 
whom it is said : " By this shall all men know that ye 
are my disciples, if ye have love one toward another." 
The curtain of night gathers around these lively 
scenes, and soon the subjects of the happy and peaceful 
encampments are in sweet slumber. As they sleep, they 
dream, see the ladder that Jacob saw ; " angels ascend- 
ing and descending." Surely this is a most hallowed 
spot. Morning comes, but with it new scenes. A sud- 
den call to assemble ; but not for devotion. Oh, no ! It 
is for battle. No more brethren now. The cry is: 
"Fall in line!" "Forward, March!" The foe is 
in sight. Step by step the hostile armies approach 
each other, from cannon to rifle, and from rifle to bayo- 
net, and sword, and then like mad demons they slay 
each other until the blood runs in torrents. Again 
we are compelled to say what a strange God Christians 
have! Not knowing which is right, he divides him- 
self and smiles upon both armies, and helps them 
to destroy each other, that countries may be ruined, 
homes destroyed, widows' hearts wrung with anguish 
and children made orphans. Oh, why will men 
act out, and write up such nonsense, and set up 
Prince of Peace, and say that it is right for the disci- 
ples of Christ to murder one another, because it is 
called war? Christ's kingdom, or church, is intention- 
ally and essentially a kingdom of peace— is not of. this 
world, and therefore his servants cannot fight. It is 
all right to have religious meetings in the encamp- 
ments of men, but if the truth was fully preached and 
received by the contending parties, they would shake 
hands, disband and go home, as there can be no justi- 
fiable cause for Christians fighting each other.— Se- 

spiritual one. " Having begun in the Spirit, are ye 
now made perfect by the flesh ? " Gal. 3:3. Surely 
not. Having begun in the Spirit we must continue 
in the Spirit, so that we might be made perfect by the 

We may have a form of godliness, and be wholly 
destitute of its power. Persons who look at the Word 
merely from the " letter standpoint " may be regarded 
as rationalists, for the reason that only their rational 
faculties are enlisted in their apprehension of the 

Those who lean to the " letter side of the Word " 
only are very tenacious of its outward observances, 
and of outward things generally, of rites and ceremo- 
nies, and are prone to regard the " doing of the com- 
mandments " as the source of religious life, instead of 
being " helps " only. The results are, a cold ministry, 
cold logic, cold prayers, cold singing, and a cold 

Then, there are those who pay little attention to the 
" letter or sense side " of the Word, and cling wholly 
to its spirit, or rather, a spirit. Such have no perma- 
nency, but are tossed about like waves of the sea — roar- 
ing billows, whose chief manifestation of religious life 
is noise; saying Lord! Lord! The Word of God in 
its application to the heart enlists the emotional facul- 
ties of our nature as well as the rational; and puts in 
lively exercise our physical faculties also. In regener- 
ation the heart fills to overflowing with new life; the 
mind directs the life, and the body manifests the life. 

The words of Christ are full of life ; but how much 
spirit and life do we get out of them ? We may have 
bodily sustenance sufficient for our life all our days ; 
but we obtain life only from that which we eat and di- 
gest. Equally so of the Bread of Life. There is an 
ample supply for all our life here and hereafter, but we 
must receive the Word, digest it and appropriate it to 
our hearts and lives each day, and thus its Spirit in- 
vigorates our spirits, and its life quickens, sanctifies 
and develops the life within us. In this manner 
Christ's words are spirit and life to everyone who re- 
ceives and applies them. 

The letter of the Word is necessary to convey its 
sense. The spirit of the Word is necessary to convey 
its power. The life of the Word is necessary to de- 
velop in us Christian character. 




TrfE following was written over a third of a century 
ago ; and while selections do not rate as first-class mat- 
ter for the press yet we feel that this selection is well 
worthy of a place in the Gospel Messenger, so that 
it may get before our large list of readers. 


Several of the Baptist exchanges are publishing 
through their columns, " Religion in the Camp of the 
Armies During the late Rebellion:' The first series of 
papers gave a description of the prayer meetings and 
revivals in the camp of the Union Army. These are 
now being followed by a series of papers, showing the 
religious spirit that characterized the Confederate 


The words that I speak unto you, the) are spirit, and they 
are life.— John 6: 63. 

Spirit and life are two essential features of the 
words of Christ. Those features appear more clearly 
and more real, in the conversion of sinners to Chris- 
tianity, and in their subsequent life, than merely in the 
Word itself. There is still another feature inherent in 
the Word which we wish briefly to notice, i. e., the 
letter of the Word. The letter is a necessary condi- 
tion to the Word in order to make its teachings intel- 
ligible, harmonious and permanent through all ages 
and to all people in its primitive sense. 

There is danger, however, of looking at the Word 
wholly from the " letter standpoint,"— literalizing the 
Word, producing a material religion rather than a 


It is a hard thing to keep from being worldly, and 
I have never met the man or woman who wholly suc- 
ceeded. And still the church is full of people who 
point out others both in and out of the church as being 
worldly. Jesus knew this would be the case when he 
warned those who had great faults to get rid of them 
before noticing the little faults of others. Perhaps 
most of us hear him in this, but we surely are prone to 
see the great faults in others while we harbor smaller 
ones in ourselves, in the way of being worldly. 

[ knew a brother severely to denounce his daughter 
for uniting with a worldly church, and he himself was 
known widely as a trickster in horse trading. And yet 
he denounced worldlyism ! Another was a deacon 
brother who resembled in appearance an artist's idea of 
one of the patriarchs, and he kept the letter of church 
regulations faultlessly, and swooped down upon those 
who were so worldly as to fail in a single point. And 
yet he added treasure to treasure upon the earth, and 
farm to farm, and apparently few treasures in heaven. 
In another case a church congregation, without a dis- 
senting voice, expelled a member for refusing to hear 
the counsel of the church and yet this congregation, 
year after year, in the face of gospel teaching, refused 
to hear the command of the Savior himself to aid in 
carrying the Gospel to others. Why? Its members 
were absorbed in the cares of the world. 

And the cases might be multiplied indefinitely right 
in the midst of our Fraternity, which boasts of being 
a people separate from the world. And this very 
boasting is of a worldly spirit. Is it any wonder we 
do not keep the world out of the church, when we are 
all so easily deceived ? And how often when we are 
wielding the Sword of the Spirit do we discharge the 




Feb. i, 1902 

gun of Satan ! Even our very anxiety to rid the church 
of the world is taken advantage of by Satan, and we 
are so ignorant of his ways. Why, he would rather 
that we should force wrongs out of the church than not, 
because then he has us all in the mesh. Did you ever 
think of that? It is because forced obedience belongs 
to him 'alone, for God controls by drawing us. John 
6:44. And how often have members, deacons, minis- 
ters, elders, and whole assemblies of them all been 
drawn in by Satan when they thought they were ex- 
pelling him ! 

The fact is the more men and women think and plan 
and work and worry and resolve to get Satan, in his 
worldly ways, out of the church, the more will he 
ensnare them. 

But there is a more successful way. It is this: 
Keep him out of your own heart. Do you know what 
this will do for you? It will make growth in the grace 
of our Lord the chief motive of your life. It will make 
you send the Lord's message to others in every possi- 
ble way. If you are a laymember it will untie the 
strings of your purse and loosen your tongue for 
prayer for the success of the work. If you are a dea- 
con it will make you a means of blessing to the father- 
less, the widows, and the poor under your care. If 
you are a preacher your heart will be so full of the 
glorious tidings that you cannot help but tell them. 
And if you are an elder or a pastor the love of God is 
the name of the wall that surrounds your flock and 
holds it safe together. 

And if there is anything of which men can build a 
wall so high and so thick and so close as to keep the 
world out of the church it is the pure love of God. 
But if you want this wall tumbled down and riddled 
through and swept away, and the world let in with a 
rush, try men's wisdom and plans and inventions, and 
above all, compulsion, for the latter is the distinctive 
tool of Satan. 

Warretisburg, Mo. 



How far can we go with the Psalmist when he says, 
- 1 delight to do thy will, O my God "? Psa. 40: 8. 
And how great is our conception of the wonderful 
meaning of delight in the will of our God? Do we 
come in touch with Jesus when he says, " My meat is 
to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his 
work"? John 4: 34. What is his will and work 
for me ? Oh, that we would wait on the Lord that he 
might teach us, and his light shine in our hearts. 
There are those whose presence is like a beam of sun- 
shine on a gloomy winter's day. 

Let us be filled with this spirit of self- forgetful 
love and helpfulness and we will then become like the 
cheering sunbeam. What a blessed thought ; what a 
wonderful revelation ; what a kind and loving Savior, 
and how dark the world would be without him! Yet 
thousands are dying without a knowledge of Christ. 
Where shall I go to receive God's instruction ? " Thy 
word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my 
path." Psa. 19: 105. 

" The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom 
the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you 
all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, 
whatsoever I have said unto you." John 14: 26. 
Surely if we obey his Word and ask him, God will give 
us an understanding spirit to discern between good 
and evil. He gave it to Solomon, and not only so, but 
was pleased to have him ask for it. In seeking in- 
struction we are warned lest we be led by men : " Let 
no man deceive you with vain words." Eph. 5: 6. 
" Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy, 
and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the 
rudiments of the world, and not after Christ." Col. 
2 : 8. So much of what we do in God's work is done 
according to the wisdom of man, rather than the wis- 
dom of Christ; and very much of God's way seems 
foolishness unto man. Young converts do as their 
ciders ; these in turn follow traditions and precedents 
hoarv with age, and honorable from much usage. 
Meanwhile the principles of Christ are in a state of 

What we need in many cases is not the eradication of 
a hoplessly evil nature, but the filling up of a moral 
and intellectual vacuum with a wholesome measure 
of TRUTH. At any rate, we sadly need to know 
more of the truth as it is in Christ Jesus. We need 
to look to Jesus for encouragement and help. We 
should strive to be more like Jesus. The life-forces 
of a plant force it upward; the sun smiles a welcome 
from above ; the whispering winds invite it to come 
up higher. So the soul of man, touched by divine 
love, is drawn upward with tender affection, up unto 
him who is our leader. 

Many professed Christians are guilty of things ab- 
solutely incompatible with Christ's teachings, yet they 
do not know this to be so. Many things that are 
conventional, and which custom and public opinion 
lolerate, are nevertheless contrary to the Master's 
teachings. Because the untaught Christian knows 
more of custom than of Christ's Word, he goes astray. 

We all want to reign with Christ. He has made the 
nromises conditional. In order to receive the bless- 
ings, he tells us we must deny ourselves and follow 
him faithfully. Paul gave up all worldly ambitions, 
endured persecutions, counting himself happy in thus 
being made partaker of the Lord's suffering. Separa- 
tion from the world is a well-founded doctrine. 
Worldliness leads to spiritual declension. This is 
self-evident. We are to grow in grace, and to this end 
we should consecrate our lives to God. Do the young 
1 lembers realize their great importance to the church ? 
Upon the young rests the great responsibility of car- 
rying on the church, its time-honored, or, rather, God- 
honored principles. 

May we ever teach that the outward adornment by 
no means makes a man or a woman, much less a 
Christian. To deny ourselves of many of the useless, 
faulty and injurious things of life, enlarges the sym- 
pathies, makes us better soldiers for Christ. Some- 
times we hear the questions, " How can you put aside 
the fashionable attire?" " How can you give up the 
worldly pleasures?" The Lord will have it so, and 
we should be content. Yield your will to his, and he 
can then use you to his glory, and withal to your honor. 

We feel a great lack of zeal, but there is still a 
greater demand that our zeal be of the right kind. It 
could be said of much of it as Paul said of the Jews : 
" I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, 
but not according to knowledge." Rom. 10: 2. In 
any work we undertake, much as we need energy and 
zeal, they will not take the place of knowledge. We 
need knowledge of the end sought, and a knowledge 
of the best means to that end. 

Jesus saw more to do than the most observant of 
us may ever hope to see; yet he was never confused 
and excited, but patiently waited on God's plan, while 
he sowed the seed, although he knew the fowls would 
devour some, the weeds choke out others, and a part 
of that which did service would bring forth only 
tliirtyfold. Still he spent his time sowing the seed, 
lor God promised a harvest. He was engaged about 
his Father's business far more than we have ever been, 
vet he was never too busy for the quiet communion 
with God. Oh, let us sit at Jesus' feet and learn 
whatever he would teach us, before we undertake any 
service for him ! The god of this world will blind our 
mind if we heed his teaching ; he will so blind us that 
we cannot see God's instruction. If we will only open 
our hearts to his teaching he will send us to do some- 
thing for him. 

Then we have the wonderful promises of God's 
Word: " Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy 
One of Israel; I am the Lord thy God which teacheth 
thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou 
shouldest go. O, that thou hadst hearkened to my 
commandments ! then had thy peace been as a river, 
and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea." Isa. 
48: 17, 18. " If any man will do his will, he shall 
know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether 
I speak of myself." John 7: 17. "Wherefore be ye 
not unwise, but understanding what the will of the 
Lord is." Eph. 5: 17. 

Surely if we desire to know God's will that we may 
do it, and seek our instruction from his Word and 
Spirit, he will lead us to know his will for our lives. 

"Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" Teach us 
and we will follow thee. 
Dundee, Ohio. 



The question, " Why a special form in apparel for 
the members of the Brethren church ? " is often asked, 
and very frequently but not correctly answered, " Be- 
cause the Annual Meeting has prescribed it." The 
form was adopted by the church long before there was 
an Annual Meeting. 

The Brethren church dates back to the time when 
those who took part in the reformatory movement were 
desirous to be led by the Holy Spirit of whom Christ 
says: "He will guide .you into all truth," and, "The 
truth shall make you free " ; also that the truth is the 
Word of God. In that Word they found, " Be ye 
clothed with humility ; for God resisteth the proud and 
giveth grace to the humble." 1 Peter 5:5. " In like 
manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest 
apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with 
broidered hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array." 1 
Tim. 2 : 9. 

This was enough for a long time, but in the course 
of time, when the privations and hardships attending 
the early experiences in the New World were in a 
measure overcome, the people departed from their 
former simplicity and adopted forms of apparel which 
those who were led by the Spirit saw were contrary to 
what they learned from God's Holy Book, and they 
searched the Word closely, and found : " Wherefore 
come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith 
the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing ; and I will 
receive you." 2 Cor. 6: 17. This would naturally 
lead to the inquiry, Can this have reference to appar- 
el? What does Jesus say in regard to clothing? By 
reference to Matt. 6 : 25, " Take no thought . . . 
nor your body, what ye shall put on. Is not life more 
than meat, and the body than raiment?" Verse 28: 
" Why take ye thought ior raiment? Consider the 
lilies of the field, how they grow ; they toil not, neither 
do they spin." This they found has direct reference 
to apparel, and the craving of the improper apparel 
is classed with the improper craving after injurious 
food and drink. 

This will bring the earnest child of God to consider 
just what Jesus says he should do. Considering the 
lily he observes modesty as opposed to pride ; and look- 
ing again he finds: "God resisteth the proud, but 
giveth grace to the humble." James 4: 6; 1 Peter 
5: 5. Considering again, he observes the lily appears 
different from all the other flowers; it appears simple, 
plain, modest, the very personification of humility as 
opposed to pride. He further considers and finds they 
all look alike in their dress and form. Here the Spir- 
it comes again and leads him to Rom. 12: 2. Here 
he finds there is a form belonging to the world, which 
is to be avoided, and he learns that there is a transfor- 
mation necessary if any wish to come out from among 
them, because the world has adopted forms and modes 
in her apparel diametrically contrary to the teaching of 
Christ and the apostles. 

For a long time it would seem the Brethren tried to 
combat the proneness of the church members to adopt 
the modes and fashions of the world. Some indeed 
would make it a subject for Bible teaching (see 
Brumbaugh's " History of the Brethren," pages 
284-7), while others would try private advice. Ibid., 
pages 504, 505. It would seem that these expedients 
were not of sufficient potency to keep the membership 
united in the simplicity of their early practice. Be- 
cause of surrounding influences, pride became so prom- 
inent in the church that the question was ultimately 
carried to Annual Meeting. 

The Brethren in Conference never yet found any 
form that will answer the needs of the members of the 
church better than that which the church practiced 
long before there was an Annual Meeting; hence that 
body still advises the churches to adhere to that form, 
and the church will do well to do so until some one 
finds Scripture for a change. 

Indiana, Pa. 

Feb. i. I9° 2 





Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 
—Gal. 6: 2. 

My dear brethren and sisters, I trust we have all 
been thinking along the lines of our talk last week and 
are prepared to look farther into the subject. Our 
talk this week will be about the greatest burden-bearers 
in the church, — the ones who make the greatest sacri- 
fices and endure the most hardships for the cause of 
the heavenly Master. 

Do you realize that in calling a brother to the sacred 
trust of the ministry you throw heavy burdens and 
heart-trying responsibilities upon his loving wife? 
You say to the brother : We set you apart to the min- 
istry. Go preach the Gospel, and may God bless you 
in your grave and responsible duties. But in carry- 
ing out this commission, the cares of the home and 
family are thrown on to the shoulders of the wife. 
Here is the preacher's most trying ordeal. He loves 
his wife and often feels the burden is too heavy for 
her to bear; but the call of God through the church 
must be heeded. 

The faithful wife is left at home with the heavier 
burdens and extra cares consequent upon the absence 
of the father and husband. She toils early and late 
with her extra work and care, and often she is frail 
and weak in body, and yet is seldom heard to complain 
or murmur at her lot. She spends many tired, lonely 
days and nights, deprived of the companionship of 
the one she loves better than her own life. Often sick- 
ness lays hold of one of the little ones. O how anxiously 
she watches beside its restless bed, while the lone 
hours of night pass on in their silent march. All is 
hushed save the fevered breathing of the little one. O, 
how she yearns for the sympathy and help of her hus- 
band in her anxious watch ! 

How many of you have visited the preachers' lonely 
wives, in the absence of their husbands, and cheered 
and encouraged them, and inquired after their needs, 
and administered to their wants while their husbands 
are away from home discharging the responsible work 
you helped to place upon them? Have you helped 
them to bear their burdens, and comforted them in 
their lonely days and nights ? The lot of the preach- 
ers' wives is much harder than that of their hus- 
bands. The scenes and experiences of the preacher 
are varied, and many pleasing associations meet him 
in his humble work ; but the wife has the same rou- 
tine of care and toil day after day. 

The preachers' wives are the most self-sacrificing 
of all the members, and their burdens are the heaviest. 
I never shall forget the encouragement I received in 
my earliv ministry from my loving companion. 
Calls would come for preaching from different quar- 
ters, and I did not see how I could possibly go. My 
wife, though sick and hardly able to do her work, 
would say: " Go and I will get along the. best I can." 
And through her noble sacrifices and suffering many 
dear souls were led to accept of Christ and rejoice in 
his pardoning love, that otherwise would have re- 
mained in sin. 

Her work of sacrifice will surely be rewarded in the 
sweet fields of eternal pleasure. If self-sacrifice and 
burden-bearing will increase the lustre and beauty of 
the saints' crowns of glory, surely the crowns of the 
self-sacrificing preachers' wives will be decked with 
sparkling gems of the richest lustre hues. How it en- 
courages the faithful, patient wife when the dear ones 
where husband preaches remember her with a present 
and a kindly greeting! Her pathway is often rough 
and should be smoothed by the loving hands and 
hearts of the sisters. 

Here is a field for cultivation. How many of you 
dear sisters would be willing to have your husbands 
go into the field and labor to save poor, perishing 
souls, and be gone from home weeks and sometimes 
months without your seeing them? Don't you think 
!t would be a great comfort to you under these cir- 
cumstances for loving hands and hearts to sympa- 
thize with you and help you bear the heavy burdens 
that would thus fall to your lot? "Whatsoever ye 
would that men should do to you, do ye even so to 

them " fits very well here. In your ministrations of 
kindness, do not forget the self-sacrificing, faithful 
wives of the preachers. 
Warrensburg, Mo. 

"LOVE THE BROTHERHOOD." -1 Peter j: 17. 


The above is the language of Peter and is addressed 
more especially to the strangers scattered through Pon- 
tus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. But we 
believe it applicable to all who are traveling in the 
strait and narrow way. The brotherhood is a fra- 
ternity, a class of individuals of the same occupation. 
Then the term " brotherhood " here means a body of 
Christians whose occupation is to do the will of Christ, 
the author of the Christian brotherhood. 

The Holy Scripture teaches that it is the duty of 
every Christian to love God and keep his command- 
ments. Then when one forsakes the world and all 
its sinful pleasures and accepts Christ and is baptized 
into him, he at once becomes a member of the Christian 
brotherhood. It then becomes his duty to love and 
work for the brotherhood or church. Whatever would 
he to the interest of the brotherhood would be to his 
own interest. He should work and live day by day 
to advance the interest and happiness of the brother- 
hood and thereby increase his own. 

He who has not the love of the brotherhood at 
heart will often be heard talking about the church or 
members in a light and frivolous manner. He finds all 
the faults he can about the church, and some which 
do not exist ; then his love grows smaller and smaller. 
and he finally drifts out in a cold and stormy world, 
away from the church, away from Christ and at last 
away from heaven. But he whose heart is full of the 
love of Christ for the brotherhood will be found 
assisting the weak. He sees all the blessed advan- 
tages the church offers to grow in grace, and that 
he could not get along without the church. 

The regular preaching, the prayer meeting and 
Sunday school are all means of grace which we should 
love and reverence. But while afflictions may hinder 
some from meeting regularly in these means, we should 
uften read from the Holy Book and pray for a blessing 
to fall on the public assembly. Then the Messenger, 
which we love, comes laden with rich food for the 
soul. Then we should love the great mission work 
of the church. It is through the mission work that the 
borders of the brotherhood are extended to all nations, 
as commanded by Christ. Many are the sacrifices 
made by those dear missionaries, whether at home or 
in foreign lands. Let us pray for them often. From 
t John second chapter and I John 3: 14-16 we learn 
that the beloved disciple loved the brotherhood. How 
pleasant it would be as David said in Psalm 133 : " Be- 
hold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to 
dwell together in unity. It is like the precious oint- 
ment upon the head, that runs down upon the beard, 
even Aaron's beard, that went down to the skirts of 
his garments. As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew 
that descended upon the mountain of Zion : for there 
the Lord commanded the blessing, even life forever- 

It was love to God and man that caused Paul to 
travel and endure many hardships to plant churches, 
and then it was love for the brotherhood that brought 
him to say to Barnabas, " Let us go again and visit 
our brethren in every city where we have preached the 
Word of the Lord, and see how they do." It was on 
this missionary journey that Paul, in a vision of the 
night, heard the prayer, " Come over into Macedonia, 
and help us." Paul, obedient to the heavenly call, 
went, established churches, and we believe that through 
his obedience to that call we have our religious liberty 
to-day. For from that time on the brotherhood 
Moved westward. 

Let us all try to get a little closer to the brotherhood 
in love and practice. And when life and its labors 
are over we may be permitted to meet with the holy 
brotherhood on the evergreen shore of immortal glory, 
—nothing lost, but eternal life gained. 

Kokomo, Ind. 



Prayer to be effectual must be prayed, not merely 
said. One may as well fall upon his knees and repeat 
a nursery rhyme as simply to repeat the Lord's prayer 
or any other prayer from a sense of duty only. It is 
better to omit an accustomed prayer at an accustomed 
time, if the prayer is to be simply a formal offer- 
ing and is not a voluntary offering of praise and 
prayer with other motives than that of habit. 

In other words, there must be a necessity for prayer. 
This necessity, however, will always and constantly 
arise in the true heart; else why should we "pray 
without ceasing " and " in everything give thanks "? 

But there must be a condition favorable to the re- 
ception of that for which we pray. It is useless to 
pray and expect our prayer to be answered if we allow 
anything to come between us and our Creator that 
should not be a necessary adjunct to our entire conse- 
cration to the Lord's interests. Let me make my po- 
sition clear by an illustration. 

I had occasion not long since to send a hurried mes- 
sage. I stepped into a telephone station, but was in- 
formed that the line was not " working." I therefore 
went to a telegraph office, handed over my message 
and was informed that it would go forward at once. 
A day or two afterward I had occasion to drive upen 
the road along which the telephone line extended. 
There had been a storm previously and as the line ex- 
tended through the woods I noticed here and there 
several trees, some pine, some oak and some gum and 
other trees across the wire, bearing it to the earth in 
some places and breaking it in others. And at one 
place a countryman more thrifty than honest had taken 
out a section of the wire and was using it for a clothes- 
line. This easily explained why the message could 
not be sent by telephone. Had I waited a year I 
could not have sent the message by that line unless I 
had removed the trees and connected the wires again, 
and so insulated them that the current could not be 
switched off the wire. 

So unless there is a direct connection between us and 
the throne of grace our prayers can never reach and 
we need not expect an answer. One man has a pock- 
ctbook across his wire weighing it down with silver. 
Another has the tobacco habit to switch off a part of 
the current. Another has the oak tree of stubborn- 
ness across the wire. Another has tried to insulate 
with Sunday Christianity or pulpit Christianity. An- 
other has removed a part of the line by failure to com- 
ply with the plainest and easiest of God's behests, and 
thus completely cut off communication. Then there 
are such obstructions as impiety, backbiting, selfish- 
ness, laziness, filthiness, want of chastity, intemper- 
ance in eating . or drinking, vulgarity, improper 
thoughts and acts, violence of temper, politics, re- 
venge, thanklessness, levity, sacrilege, cardplaying, 
dancing, carelessness, disobedience, narrowness, bigot- 
ry, dishonesty in business. Each and all of these must 
be removed before we are prepared to come to the 
Lord with faith and confidence. 

" 1 would that men everywhere lift their hands in 
prayer." I believe that means clean hands. The Lord 
doesn't want us to hold up unclean hands in prayer. 
But when we remove every obstruction and hold up 
clean hands there is no reason to doubt that a reasona- 
ble prayer will be answered. But there must be the 
proper preparation of the petitioner and the prayer 
must be offered in faith and simplicity — a genuine 
prayer, a petition of the heart, not a repetition of the 

Whisler, Ala. 


A Christian ought to feel always that he has par- 
tially failed, but that ought not to be the only feeling. 
Faith ought ever to be a sanguine, cheerful thing; 
and perhaps in practical life we could not give a better 
account of faith than by saying that it is, amid much 
failure, having the heart to try again. Our best deeds 
are marked by imperfection, but if they really were 
our best, " forgetting the things that are behind," we 
shall do better next time. — F. W. Robertson. 


Feb. i, 1902 


Wo. 16.- 


-From Nazareth to Haifa and Jaffa by Carriage— 
nt. Carmel and the Oreat Plains of Es- 
draelon and .Sharon. 

The city of Nazareth lies inland from the Mediter- 
ranean Sea about twenty-two miles. There is "a poor 
carriage road from there running almost west to the 
sea at Mt. Carmel, to a town named Haifa. The route 
for the most part skirts along the south edge of the 
foothills of northern Galilee, overlooking the great 
plain of Esdraelon (formerly called Jezreel) where a 
number of famous battles were fought. Here Gideon 
with his faithful three hundred routed the hosts of the 
Midianites andAmalekites (Judges 6: 33ft.) ; here king 
Saul and the noble Jonathan met disaster and death 
( 1 Sam. 29th and 31st chapters) ; at the eastern extrem- 
ity of the plain, and away off thirty miles west, by the 
Brook Kishon at the foot of Mt. Carmel, Elijah slew 
the prophets of Baal after the great scene on Mt. 
Carmel (1 Kings 18: 17-46). All these scenes are 
before us as we ride on for several hours. Mt. Carmel 
is in view all day and at night we-sleep in its shadow, 
the sun setting behind it and when we leave we ride 
round its end along the sea coast. Forever, hereafter, 
-wlwn we read these accounts we shall have a new pic- 
ture of the scenes in our minds, the picture of the very 
hills and brook and mountains and valleys where it 
all took place. And as we gaze down upon these hun- 
dreds of square miles of plain and recall and read again 
the Bible accounts, it requires no great effort of the his- 
torical imagination to see the armies filing through the 
pass of Megiddo, or coming down from the hills or 
up past Jezreel from the Jordan on the east and spread- 
ing their hostile camps one against the other, and then 
the awful fray. 

Take, for instance, the fourth chapter of Judges 
and read it with all the geographical places 
before your eyes, and how real it becomes. 
This great plain has always been a great battlefield, 
and so it is that the apostle John pictures here to his 
imagination the scenes of the great conflicts between 
the hosts of God and the powers of evil (Rev. 16: 16; 

After three days in Haifa on the north of Carmel, 
we leave, again by carriage, to go overland on south to 
Jaffa. The foot of Mt. Carmel is so near the sea that 
there are but a few rods of coast between it and the sea. 
Here goes our road, and for some hours we go down 
along the sea with the mountains ever receding on our 
left. We are now on the plain of Sharon. At its 
northern extremity it narrows to a point, and from 
Carmel southward it widens all the way to its southern 
end. The seacoast plain extends all along the western 
side of Palestine ; but it is only its northern half — as far 
south as Jaffa — that is properly called by the name 
Sharon. South of this the coast plain is named Philis- 
tia. These two are separated from each other but 
slightly by a low range of hills running across from 
the sea to the mountains. 

Along the whole length of the plain of Sharon we 
rode, from Mt. Carmel to Jaffa, and most of the time 
we could see almost the entire breadth from the Medi- 
terranean to the mountains of Samaria on the east ; so 
that we saw practically its entire surface and extent. 

It is a vast rolling prairie, with here and there ledges 
of rock (most of the way along the seacoast), here and 
there hills, and some large tracts near the coast cov- 
ered over with sand, at places drifted in considerable 
hills. But in most of its extent the soil appears to be 
very fertile, though sadly neglected, and again and 
again I was reminded of our western prairies — some- 
times of northern Illinois, and again of central Kansas 
and the Arkansas River valley. It is a pity that the 
plain is not better tilled and inhabited. What few 
people there are live in villages, and these are scarce 
and mostly situated on the hillsides along the eastern 
border of the plain along the mountain range of Sama- 

We left Haifa about noon one day, and at sunset on 
the following day drove into Jaffa. It took us a day 
and a half for this journey. The first night we slept 
in Summarin, a village perched on a high hilltop in 

the midst of the northern third of Sharon. The village 
was built about twenty years ago with the money of 
Baron Rothschild, one of the family of very wealthy 
Jewish bankers of Europe. He has founded several 
colonies in this country for poor Jews from Europe. 
It is astonishing to see how their capital, enterprise 
and industry have transformed the waste wilderness 
into a garden spot, for at the very edge of their terri- 
tory the desolation begins again and reigns almost su- 
preme. This is a sample of what might be under 
favorable circumstances almost everywhere in Pales- 



The Messenger so far this year has come laden 
with good reading — especially interesting are the two 
numbers that have been issued. After reading the first 
page, essays, editorials, church news and correspon- 
dence, we have come to the conclusion that there are 
many willing workers over this broad land, and al- 
though the work often seems to meet with great oppo- 
sition, yet honest efforts are being made to build up 
the Master's cause. Individual work is much needed 
everywhere, especially in the church. As individuals 
we compose the family, society and the church. In all 
these relations faithfulness is needed for the well-being 
and safety of the same. Each of these grand institu- 
tions flourishes and prospers if the individual elements 
are true to their trust, and the reverse is always disas- 

Sometimes men and women are inclined to think that 
in order to be faithful they must have wonderful ad- 
vantages, both intellectually and spiritually, and that 
isolated from church privileges and the association of 
those of like precious faith they can do nothing, for- 
getting that with God on their side, and with his 
aid, they can be a power for good. 

This truth was impressed deeply upon my mind 
when reading " How an Infidel Was Converted," in 
No. I. Had that old Brother and Sister Pruitt, away 
down in Arkansas, been standing idly by, we would 
not have this testimony on record that a whole fam- 
ily have been gathered into the fold. They did what 
they could, no doubt feeling their weakness, and long- 
ing to do more, but they were faithful, — individual 

This week's issue gave another example of faithful- 
ness — away out in California. Think of a prayer 
meeting being kept up under such circumstances ! 
Sometimes those who have only a short distance to 
services remain away because they have not sufficient 
interest to be there. What zeal and earnestness must 
have been required to walk three miles and, alone with 
God, conduct a prayer meeting! Surely good results 
will follow such consecrated efforts. After all, we 
hear so much of education, and being; prepared for the 
special work of the church, and do we not think 
sometimes real unselfish faithfulness is overlooked and 
that too much attention may be given to polish ? In 
order to be earnest and enthusiastic in the great work 
of saving souls we must be satisfied to make an effort, 
and improve the gifts we have, asking God to work 
with us, and then leave the results in his hands. Do 

Think of that old brother on his way to the prayer 
meeting. No doubt he started in good time and on the 
way meditated upon the lesson. Perhaps he felt dis- 
couraged, as we would have felt, when he remembered 
lie could expect only one more to be present. But 
when he found the one helper could not be there he 
went on and continued the work. Such people are 
the life of the church and well deserve the title of 
faithfulness. The lesson to us is, will we do likewise 
or show indifference to the work we profess to love 
and uphold? 

These two lessons of faithful work done by isolated 
ones so soon in the new year should stimulate every- 
one to labor with greater diligence that many lost ones 
may be found. 

Newbitrg, Pa. 


THE SIN OF LYING.— Acts 4: 32 to 5: 11. 

Lesson for Februtry 9, igo?. 

Golden Text.— Wherefore putiing awav ly'Dg, apeak ev- 
ery man trirh with his neighbor — Epb. 4: 25. 

As we look at this lesson we are struck with won- 
der, and, like the disciples of old, are made to exclaim, 
" Who can be saved? " And we find great relief in 
the study of the parable of the " tares." If all who 
tell untruths were to meet with summary judgment, 
as did Ananias and Sapphira, few would live to re- 

But you may ask, " In what special way was their 
sin so grievous that a time for repentance was not 
given them?" There was nothing about what the;' 
did that was necessarily different from what has often 
been done since. And many more are guilty of this sin 
than we would like to guess at. 

But to understand the lesson we must look at the 
time and conditions as they then existed. This was 
in the formative period, of the church, and everything 
that was done by the new converts had exceedingly 
large interpretations. It was a time in which the 
religion of Jestis Christ -.was being practically exem- 
plified, and an act done or an influence exerted at 
this stage of the work would have been very damag- 
ing and disastrous. We all understand this, and how 
important it is, "in starting out in any new enterprise, 
that public examples be made of such as betray a trust 
or cast a stigma on the cause. As the enterprise be- 
comes older and better established, more time and 
leniency can be exercised towards the evildoers, allow- 
ing the full retribution through the expression of the 

Another reason for the hasty execution of the case 
may be because of the peculiar condition of things a s 
they then existed. The Holy Spirit, in a very special 
manner, had been experienced by this people. They 
were supposed to be directed by the Spirit. This man 
and his wife had shared of this outpouring, and there- 
fore could not have been misdirected. They plainly 
saw what their duty was, and in the face of this 
knowledge, presumably directed by the Holy Spirit 
to go and act out a lie as they did, was, apparently. 
the same as to say that the Holy Spirit led them to telt 
a lie. This was really sinning against the Holy Spirit. 

Another thing that aggravated their sin was that in 
the selling of their land there was no compulsion. 
They were not even requested to do so. And their 
motive for selling was wrong. The land before it was 
sold was theirs ; the money received for it was theirs, 
and, had they withheld it all, the worst that could have 
been said of them would have been that they were 
stingy. But beyond this there could have been no 
special charge brought against them. With this they 
were not satisfied. They wanted to show themselves 
to be what tffey were not, and to do this they gave a 
part of what they had received, feigning it to be all. 
And when asked about it they were forced to confess 
their guilt or tell a lie. And by agreement they did 
the latter. It was not a sin of ignorance, or on the 
spur of the moment, or of thoughtlessness, but of de- 
liberate planning, of premeditation and determination. 
Tt was an uncalled-for, inexcusable sin, deliberately 
entered into for the purpose of deceiving others and 
enhancing their own carnal desires. 

While we may suppose causes for the immediate 
retribution of sin in this case, they are not given as 
excuses. Similar sins committed to-day would be no 
less sins, but may ward off the penalty a greater dis- 
tance and give more time for repentance before the 
judgment comes. 

View the lesson as we may, in it we see the great 
danger of sinning by doing wrong against better light 
and knowledge. All we have is given us by the Lord. 
It belongs to him, and he needs it to help do his work, 
to save sinners. What kind of a story do we tell when 
we are asked to give and get out of it by saying we 
don't have it? Heed the warning of the lesson, and 
don't commit the sin of lying against the Holy Ghost. 

Feb. I, I9° z 






iodea's ancient vales a sombre mantle wore, 

Her vine-clad hills their outworn verdure cast, 

Her gorgeous mountains saw her pristine grandeur wane, 

Her sable skies no ritts of dawning tints displayed, 

for broken covenants and fame in ruins lay. 

ludea mourned, as tender mothers mourn when love's 

Rapt kiss no more can warm their babes' lips still and cold. 

The sweetest melodies, wind-wafted o'er the land, 

Had tones of yearning, like the dove's low mating call; 

Rills, in their seaward flow, caught up those minor chords, 

And added to earth's drama-song a strain sublime. 

A crimson stream, that swiftly wider ploughed its course. 

Green meadows deeply'cleft earth's farthest length and breadth, 

And every soul wore garments dyed in that foul stream. 

The people languished for the promised " open tomb," 

In which to wash their robes as white as snow; 

So long that promise was delayed they waited as 

The broken, thwarted life awaits its closing hour. 

On Zion fell no more the shining of God's face; 

As moth-rent garments was her veil of glory rent. 

And fair Judea bowed in travail's rending pangs, 

Saw not dawn's amber glow illumine her grey skies. 

To shepherds keeping watch of wandering flocks afield 

There came a rapturous herald of the waning night, 

The pearly gates swung wide and glory beams afire 

From God's white throne to earth a golden pathway paved, 

Down which an angel bore the message: " Christ is born!" 

In star-heights poised, an angel choir this anthem sang: 

•' Glory to God in the highest! On earth peace! Peace! 

Good will to men, good will to men, and tidings of great joy. 

Deliverance from sin-good news, glad news we bring: 

To you this day is born in Bethlehem a King 

Whose kingdom is eternal and his scepter love. 

Anointed with all power and the Holy Dove 

His life shall send forth righteousness, light, truth and grace. 

To find in every nation an abiding place. 

Glory to God in the highest, on eatlb peace! Peace! 

Good will to men, good will to men, and tidings of great joy. 


Mr. E. E. Fauis, in the Christian Evangelist, tells 
of mission work among the ignorant blacks in the 
Equatorial Congo, Africa. He says: 

The white man is a difficult problem for them to 
solve. They call him " Bondele "— the man with 
clothes— and explain everything from their stand- 
point. " How did he get his mulatto color? "(for they 
will never admit that we are white; chalk is white). 
" Surely he must have got bleached crossing the wide 
salt water between there and here." Those long coils 
of brass wire imported for trade grow as a vine in the 
white man's country. He has only to go into the 
forest and cut it. The great bales of cloth which he 
imports to pay the native workman are nothing more 
than a scum that forms on the water in the wonder- 
ful land where the great fire-eating canoes are made 
and where the black fire is found that is good to burn 
in a gun. But they are unsparing in their admiration. 
Everything the stranger has is " very fine," and many 
presents are brought in order that twice the value may 
be returned as an acknowledgment. 


A Dutch trader brought a small party of natives 
from Bopoto to Stanley Pool as an advertising scheme, 
intending to send them as far as the coast to see the 
great ships and wealth of the white man. While 
waiting for a caravan they were much interested in 
what they saw around the station. One day one of 
them ran up to his comrades in great excitement. 
" Come and see the enormous chicken," he shouted, 
and led the way to a turkey that had been lately im- 
ported. Their admiration knew no bounds. 

Next day there was still greater excitement. " Come 
and see a being that is half man and half beast," one 
of them cried, and even the white men were interested 
to see that. It was useless to explain that it was the 
Catholic priest riding on his donkey and that his 
long robe hid his feet. He was some distance off and 
the explanation was not considered satisfactory. " Let 
us go home, Bondele," they said next day, " we have 
seen your big houses, we have seen your wonderful 
chicken, and now we have seen the being that is half 

man and half beast. It is enough. We did not know 
the world was so wonderful. We want to go home." 
And they did. 

rapid conversions(P). 

They do not at first resist or oppose the white man's 
teaching. On visiting a strange village, the missionary 
arrives on foot — there is no other way to arrive — and 
proceeds without delay to the chief of the village. His. 
approach has been announced and his host stands ready 
to receive him with great dignity and a bunch of bana- 
nas. After the customary greetings, the missionary 
announces the purpose of his visit, tells him to call the 
people together and he will tell them all about it. Then 
the chief goes to the big wooden drum and beats a 
message to all the people within hearing, a radius of 
two or three miles. He says on the drum that the 
white man has come with news to tell, and soon the 
congregation is gathered, and the sermon begins. 

The reception of the sermon is characteristically dip- 
lomatic. Etiquette demands that the chief respond 
to the address. He does so, saying that the message 
is new and strange, but the news is good. They had 
always thought that God was indifferent, but are glad 
to know that such is not the case. This news about 
God's Son has never been told in their town before, 
but why should it be rejected on that account? No, 
they will accept it. Does Christ hate sin? They will 
sin no more. God's Son surely has authority. Hence- 
forth they will follow only him. Should I ask it, they 
would probably all consent to be baptized at once. No 
opposition is made to the teaching. Argument is 
stopped by an unqualified agreement to everything. 
They think the white man has some ulterior motive and 
are willing to humor him for the moment in his ridicu- 
lous pretense to altruism. 


Sometimes, however, there is a failure to get at the 
meaning of what is said. Once an old chief rose and 
addressed me thus : " Bondele, this is the best news 
we have ever heard. We have always heard of God, 
but none of us has ever seen him. You have seen him, 
of course, for you know so much about him. We are 
oppressed here, Bondele, and are dying very fast. 
Won't you write a letter to God and tell him to come 
here to us, or else give us permission to get in our 
canoes and go down the river to him ? " So I preached 
another sermon at once. 

The first visits into a town usually attract a large 
audience, drawn by curiosity to see the white man. 
The fact that this strange creature can speak their 

was, it would have been worse if she had not discovered 
her mistake so soon. Some people in the voyage of life 
may be making the same kind of a mistake. They 
think it is all right to follow the crowd, but later on. 
and may be too late, they will find to their great disap- 
pointment that they are not on the old ship of Zion. 


An only daughter of affectionate and wealthy par- 
ents left Iter father's house and led a life of sin. After 
she had been utterly cast off as a loathsome thing by 
her comrades at a late hour of the night she found her 
way to the home of her happy childhood. She lingered 
long in the vestibule, lacking courage to ring the bell, 
and with heart still sadder was about to wander back 
into her dark career. From force of habit perhaps she 
touched the knob, to find the door unlocked. She 
gently opened it. A light was on the stairs. Quietly 
she ascended. Her own room was warm, lighted, and 
her bed ready for its occupajit. Quietly she retired to 
sleep, and by the morning light the long-lost daughter 
was found in her accustomed place as in years gone by. 
After reconciliation she spoke with her mother of the 
fortunate accident by which the door had been left un- 

" No accident," said the mother. 
" The door was never locked during all the years. 
Every night a light on the stairway invited you ; your 
room was warm and lighted to await you. We prayed 
for your return and expected it. You were never shut 

By sin we shut ourselves out of the house of many 
mansions. What the unlocked door was to the re- 
turning wanderer, Christ is to us, an entrance way 
out of darkness into light, out of danger into safety, 
out of sin into holiness, out of despair into hope, out 
of earth into heaven.— Selected by Harvey M. Bark- 
doll, Warrcnville, 111, 


language is very interesting, and the sound of one of 
their metaphorical proverbs brings a cry of surprise. 
But after a few visits the novelty wears off and the 
missionary sometimes finds it difficult to get a crowd. 
Indifference is the first hindrance to be overcome. 
The leaven of truth works slowly. 


A short time ago the city council of Chicago passed 
an ordinance providing for the removal of wine- 
rooms in saloons, restaurants and hotels. These wine- 
rooms, as they are called, are stalls which accommodate 
about four persons. They are erected for the benefit 
of private parties and have been hot-beds of vice in 
which young people of both sexes have been degraded 
and ruined. The ordinance removes the moral peril 
and should be rigidly enforced. It will do away with 
one of the most infamous features of the city saloons. 
The penalty attached for the first violation of the 
ordinance is a fine of not less than $10 and not more 
than $100, but the most effective penalty is the revoca- 
tion of the license for a second offense, no person or 
corporation convicted for violation of the ordinance be- 
ing permitted to obtain another license within two years 
of such conviction. 

People will sometimes get on the wrong boat. A 
recently-arrived emigrant from Germany had this kind 
of an experience in New York a little while ago. Her 
friends live at a village in New Jersey, and being aware 
that she would be likely to be confused by the noise and 
bustle of New York, they gave her careful instructions 
how to reach the ferryboat which would take her from 
that city to Hoboken. But she failed to understand 
the directions, and when she saw a crowd of people go- 
ing on board a vessel she followed them, and went down 
at once into the saloon. She had not been on a ferry- 
boat and did not know what it was like. She waited 
patiently for some time, and then asked an officer when 
the boat would reach Hoboken. To her consternation, 
he told her she was on the steamer Patricia, bound for 
Hamburg. Her distress was so keen that the sym- 
pathy of the captain was enlisted, and he arranged 
with' the pilot to take her back with him. For two 
nights and a day she was on board the pilot boat before 
an opportunity occurred of sending her back to New 
York. The sea was very rough and she suffered ago- 
nies of seasickness. On the morning of the second 
day a tug passed, and she was put on board and 
brought to the city, where her friends found her and 
took her to their home. Unpleasant as her experience 




For Week Ending Frb. 15, /CM, 
" There is no God 

Ps. 14: I, first 

t. Those who say: 

2. Those who trust in outward forms. Luke 1 1 : 38-40. 

3 . Those who build upon the sand, not on the rock. Matt. 7: 

4. Those who are not ready for the Bridegroom's coming. 
Matt. 25: 2. 

5. Those who despise instruction. Prov. 15: 5. first c' ause ' 

6. Those who trust in their own hearts. Prov. 28: 26, first 

7. Those who get rich by a wrong business. Jer. 17: "■ 
8 Those who lay up their treasure here. Luke 12: 20. 

o. Those who are given to slander. Prov. 10: 18, latter 

10. Those who are soon angry. Eccl. 7: °; Prov. 14: 17. first 

11. Those who are wise with worldly wisdom. 1 Cor. 3: *9> 
first clause. 

,2. Those who are slow to believe God's Word. Luke 24: 25- 



Feb. I, 1902 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 Sooth State Street, Elgin, III. 


- $1.60 per Annum in Advance. 

D. L. M.LLBB. 1111.01,, } _,..„ I I. H. M00P.B, ■ - • Office Editor. 

H. B., Pa., ! tcw °™' I Ghant Mahan, As.ocate Editor. 

Jos. Amick, Business Manager. 

• B, 1>mUt-, Bdmrd Pmu 

t®~ All business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House. Elgin. III., and not to any 
individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

The new church at Lima, Ohio, is to be dedicated 
Feb. 2. ' 

Bro. W. B. Stover is now with the Brethren at 
Union Bridge, Md. 

Next week Bro. D. L. Miller is to be with the 
Brethren at Batavia, 111. 

The Brethren at Bridgewater, Va., recently raised, 
in a collection, $125 for missions. 

New subscribers to the Messenger will begin with 
February. We are out of back numbers. 

Bro. J. A. Dove is engaged in a meeting at the 
Broad Run church, Washington Co., Md. 

Bro. A. J. Wine writes us that he has just closed 
a very interesting meeting at Grayson, Ga. 

When you remit stamps to this office bear in mind 
that we greatly prefer the five and ten-cent stamps. 

The new church near Kingwood, Somerset Co., Pa., 
will be dedicated Feb. 9, Bro. Silas Hoover officiat- 

The time will soon be here when the spring Dis- 
trict Meetings should be announced. Let your an- 
nouncements appear early. 

The late District Meeting of Sweden selected Bro. 
A. B. Barnhart, of Maryland, to represent that District 
on the Standing Committee. 

Five have just come out on the Lord's side at 
Ouinter. Kans. The Brethren there are in the midst 
of an interesting series of meetings. 

In answer to inquiries we here state that Bro. Levi 
Minnich, of Greenville, Ohio, is the General Sunday- 
school Secretary of the Brotherhood. 

The meetings in the West Dayton, Ohio, church, 
still continue with increasing interest. When last 
heard from, six had applied for membership. 

Our Bro. D. Chirighotis, of Smyrna, Asia Minor, 
sends us a New Year greeting. He is an earnest 
worker, and stands firm in the faith of his Master. 

We learn that Bro. D. E. Eshelman, of Ipava, 111. 
thinks of locating in Adams County, this State. The 
Brethren there need his assistance in the ministry. 

In order to supply all the subscribers of the Mes- 
senger with a copy of the Almanac we found it neces- 
sary to print a new edition. The Messenger list is 

" Ten Reasons against Life Insurance " is the title 
of a twenty-eight-page tract by A. Sims. Price, 
ten cents. Those wishing to read up on the negative 
side of the life insurance question can order the tract 
from the Messenger office. 

Bro. Noah Fisher, of Antioch, Ind., has been very 
ill for some time. Last October he had a fall and rup- 
tured a brain blood vessel. His physician requires 
him to keep very quiet and do no preaching what- 
ever. He craves the prayers of the Lord's people. 

Bro. James M. Neff is now serving as District 
Evangelist for Tennessee. He began work at Holly- 
wood, Ala., Jan. 23, where he is engaged in a pro- 
tracted meeting. 

The Brethren in the First District of West Virgin- 
ia have arranged to hold their Ministerial and Sunday- 
school meetings in the Bean Settlement congregation 
May 30 and 31. 

The Brethren at Mt. Morris have arranged with 
Bro. E. M. Cobb to conduct a series of meetings in the 
College chapel. The meetings are probably in prog- 
ress at this time. 

The Bible Institute and revival meetings at Lima, 
Ohio, will begin Feb. 2. The services are to be con- 
ducted by Bro. E. S. Young. All are welcomed at 
the Bible Institute. 

Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, is spending a few 
months in the Indian River country, of Florida. He 
may be addressed at Wabasso, Fla. Bro. Henry 
Barkdoll, of Warrenhurst, this State, is with him. 

During Bro. E. M. Cobb's series of meetings at 
Lanark fifteen were baptized and one restored to fel- 
lowship. The meetings were very largely attended 
and the very best attention paid to the Word preached. 

The Annual Meeting comes early this year, May 
20, and it is needful that the different State Districts 
that have not held their District Meetings, begin think- 
ing about the necessary preparations for the Confer- 

On another page Bro. Chas. S. Hilary, of Montre- 
al, Canada, has something of importance to say to 
our readers. Those who wish to help in the Canada 
mission should know how to send the money contrib- 

We cannot understand why our ministers are so slow 
this year about sending in their orders for the " Sun- 
day School Commentary." The books are here for 
them, and may be had for the cost of postage and pack- 
ing, 16 cents. 

From all parts of the Brotherhood donations are 
coming in for the India sufferers. This is a good 
work, in which all earnest people, irrespective of de- 
nominational lines, can take part. In one community 
over $300 was raised. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison is now preaching the 
Gospel in Frederick City, Md. He is to devote the 
remainder of his time, until the Annual Meeting, to 
work in that State. He reports good congregations, 
and the very best of interest. 

In the Almanac, in the list of Mission Boards, the 
address of Bro. Aaron Mishler, Treasurer of the Mid- 
dle District of Indiana, is given as Collamer instead of 
South Whitley. Those interested will turn to page 55 
of the Almanac and mark the correction. 

Bro. W. B. Stover is no man to stand around and 
do nothing. From Dec. 15 to Jan. 25 he held seventy 
meetings, and then found time to send us a number 
of interesting news items. He is booked for work at 
Huntingdon, Pa., from Feb. 6 to Feb. 13. 

" Bulwarks of the Faith," by Rev. James M. Gray, 
has been added to the list of books provided for by the 
Gish Fund. It is a neatly-printed volume of 161 pag- 
es, and on the evidences of Christianity and the au- 
thenticity of the Holy Scriptures is probably the best 
little work in the English language. The style is 
simple and the arguments forcible. Every minister 
in the Brotherhood should have this book. Price, 75 
cents. To ministers of the Brethren church for post- 
age and packing, teh cents. 

Those personally interested will please not think 
unkindly of us for refusing to publish lengthy reports 
of local Sunday-school meetings, in which the name of 
each person taking part, along with the songs sung, 
etc., are given. To admit one or two of these detailed 
reports would be to open the way for others, and the 
paper would soon be overrun with them. To publish 
short reports of such gatherings, something like the re- 
ports from the local church, is all right and proper, but 
we cannot spare room for the long local Sunday-school 
reports that come to our desk. 

Bro. Geo. W. Hopwood, of Iowa, with others, is 
traveling through the South. He writes us of his visit 
to New Orleans, where he thinks more attention is 
given to the dead than the living. This is shown by 
the costly tombstones and monuments in the city cem- 
etery. He stopped at Jennings and also at Roanoke, 
La., and did some preaching at both places. He says 
everything seems to be in a prosperous condition in 
that part of the South, and he meets with not a few 
Northern people. He writes us from Jennings, and 
had planned for going as far west as Galveston, Texas. 

Not long since a lady student told one of our min- 
isters — her teacher — that there were some things in 
the Bible that she did not believe. After talking to her 
a while he told her to make out a list of the things 
that she did not believe, and he would help her look 
at them. The lady has a task that will put her to 

We are just in receipt of the Minutes of the District 
Meeting of Middle Indiana, and among other things 
notice that Bro. Daniel Snell is to represent the Dis- 
trict on the Standing Committee. Three papers go to 
the Annual Meeting. We will hold them until we 
hear from other Districts that have not yet sent in 
their queries, and then the different queries can be 
published in the same issue of the Messenger. Last 
week we published all the queries we had on hand at 
that time. 

In our issue of Nov. 16, page 721, mention was 
made of Dr. Swallows, of Harrisburg, Pa. It was 
stated that he had been removed from the M. E. 
church. Judging from the clippings sent us, it would 
seem that the statement was not altogether warranted, 
as the case is still pending, a number of earnest peo- 
ple having come out in the doctor's defense. It would 
also appear that he was not, as stated, a presidential 
candidate, though he is a very active politician, as well 
as a preacher of considerable force. We make these 
corrections at the suggestion of one of our Western 

We invite more of our sisters to write for the Mes- 
senger. Our columns are open to them as well as to 
the brethren. Hundreds of them have some interest- 
ing things they would like to say, and they know how 
to say them. Will they be so kind as to let our read- 
ers hear from them? Let us have something short, 
practical and to the point. Keep in mind that more 
than fifty thousand people will read what appears from 
your pen, and that what you say may help and interest 
people in all parts of the country. Anyone who can 
write something that is worth reading and remember- 
ing is welcomed to our columns, but we want only 
your best thoughts, put together in the best possible 

Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst's sermon last Sunday 
morning, preached from his pulpit in New York, has 
produced a decided sensation in the Presbyterian 
church, of which he is a member, as well as in some 
other churches. The Doctor maintained that the im- 
mortality of the soul is conditional. Those that live 
right may live on and on and become immortal. 
Those who do not prove themselves worthy of the 
promised eternal life will become annihilated, or after 
death cease to exist. This is a mild way of getting 
rid of the doctrine of future punishment, the doctrine 
that has been disturbing people, lo, these many years. 
A few Presbyterian ministers will probably fall in with 
the Doctor's view, but a large majority are certain to 
oppose the doctrine, it being decidedly at variance with 
the Presbyterian creed. On this point the Brethren 
are bound by no man-made creed, but almost -to a 
man their ministers believe in the immortality of the 
soul, believing the doctrine to be taught in the Scrip- 
tures. " If a man die shall he live again ? " The 
Messenger says if a man dies he is to live beyond the 
grave. So we understand the Book. 

Feb. i, 1902 



Bro. A. B. Barnhart, of Hagerstown, Md., is now 
in the vicinity of Keuka, Fla. He expects to return 
in time to attend the Board meeting, which convenes 
here at Elgin Feb. n. 

Thus far the Committee of Arrangements of the late 
Annual Meeting, held at Lincoln, Nebr., has turned 
over to the General Missionary and Tract Committee 
a surplus of $3,000, saying that there is more to fol- 
low. In the way of a surplus this is an excellent show- 
ing, and proves that the Committee knows how to 
handle the finances of a Conference. Taking the Lin- 
coln meeting all through it was a good Conference, and 
the Committee of Arrangements did its part and did 
it well. For their kindness they have the thanks of 
all the Messenger readers who attended the meeting. 

Our people need feel no timidity about handing the 
Messenger to their well-informed neighbors and 
friends. Here is what one of our West Virginia eld- 
ers has to say of his experience along this line: 

" A man, who is no member, was given a copy of the Messen- 
ger. After a careful reading of the paper he returned it and 
said: ' That is the best paper I ever read, and in fact the only 
paper known to me, really fit to have in a family where there 
are children. The paper is strictly Gospel pure.' He never 
heard of the Messenger until he saw this sample copy." 

While the man's estimate of the paper may be a 
little extravagant, it shows what outsiders think of 
the Messenger, and it shows that we can well afford 
to push it out into all parts of the world, and then 
while doing this, we must keep the journal up to the 
highest possible standard. 

Some one who is not a member of the Brethren 
church sends to the Union Republican, Winston-Sa- 
lem, N. C, a very interesting letter, giving a creditable 
account of a series of meetings which Bro. John C. 
Woodward held in his community. The writer is 
mistaken in saying that we ask applicants for baptism 
to testify that their sins have been forgiven. We do 
not require a statement of this character. We believe 
baptism to be one of the conditions of pardon. Aside 
from this, our faith and practice are quite correctly 
presented. We quote the following from the article: 

"The religious and other literature issued frr>m their Pub- 
lishing House at Elgin. 111., and from which we often qu> te in 
our letters to The Republican, is second to none in the land. 
We keep it constantly upon our table and before our children 
for them to read. Hence you see we know whereof we speak. 
While the writer belongs to a church of a different faith and 
order he has been particular in trying to present these people 
with their views, doctrines and practices in a true and faithful 
light and if he has failed in any particular he would be glad for 
some of the Brethren to correct the mistake through The Re- 
publican We have written th'3 letter because we believe there 
are hundreds, perhaps thousands who read The Republican 
who know practically nothing of this people, and in conclusion 
let me say that, should any of them come among you, you will 
do well to receive them with open arms and outstretched 
hands, bidding them God speed in every good work." 

A real earnest brother, who gives one-tenth of his 
income to the mission cause, and has the Messenger 
sent to all of his grown-up children, wishes us to 
state in the Messenger why we condense the obituary 
and marriage notices he sends for publication. He 
suggests that our answer might satisfy some others 
as well as himself. It will be observed that we have a 
certain form for marriage notices, and for the fifty 
cents we publish that much and no more. This is the 
rule, and all parties are treated alike. We have been 
offered extra pay if we would vary so as to give cer- 
tain parties more extended notices. We have invaria- 
bly declined the inducements held out. We have our 
rules for this department and live up to them. Our 
rule is to condense obituaries sufficiently to retain the 
facts, omitting pet phrases, exhortations and things of 
that sort. Occasionally more space is given to the 
notices of persons widely known. Some notices it is 
possible to abridge more than others. Many corre- 
spondents do their own abridging, and have our thanks 
for their thought fulness. Then we have been offered 
good pay if we would give extra space for the extend- 
ed obituaries of certain dead. These offers we have in 
every instance declined. Our purpose in the Messen- 
ger is to treat rich and poor alike. This will enable 

our kind brother and others to understand why we 
shorten up some of the matter which appears in cer- 
tain departments. 


On our desk is a significant picture. Seven bish- 
ops are on the north side of Jerusalem, contending 
about the raiment of Christ. Each man has secured 
a firm hold on the garment, and some of them are pull- 
ing for all there is in them. The Pope of Rome 
seems determined to have the whole thing. Each 
bishop is striving for his part and the angry faces 
show that the whole set of them are prompted by an 
evil and not a Christian spirit. Below the disgrace- 
ful scene is this Scripture: "And they crucified him, 
and parted his garments, casting lots ; that it might 
be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet. They 
parted my garments among them, and upon my vest- 
ure did they cast lots." Matt. 27: 35. How truly 
does the pictured scene represent the real condition 
of the Christian world! The men who preach Christ, 
instead of working for Christian unity, are striving 
about the religion of their Master, some saying this 
is right and the others maintaining with equal zeal 
that it is all wrong. Yes, they are actually crucify- 
ing the Lord afresh, and he feels the pain as keenly 
as he felt the pain he suffered on Calvary. 
, How much better it would be if all those who pose 
before the world as expounders of the Scriptures 
would be of the same mind and of the same judgment, 
and unite in teaching the same things ! This was the 
practical condition in the time of the apostles, when 
the ministers of the churches were largely under the 
direct influence of the Holy Spirit. At that time, as 
now, there was but the one Gospel. There was the 
one order of worship, and all those who professed 
Christ worshiped together. The members of any 
one congregation could fellowship with any other con- 
gregation in the world. The ministers stood together 
in their work. They were brethren and felt that they 
all belonged to the same church. Why not the same 
conditions now? It is because the Christian world is 
striving about the religion of the Master instead of 
rallying around the cross. 



We are asked to say whether the Holy Ghost will in 
this age select the preacher's mission field for him, as 
he pointed out the places of work for the apostles, tell- 
ing them where to preach and where not to preach. 
We are not certain that the Holy Ghost always selected 
the field of labor for the early ministers. In some 
instances he did and in others he did not. At least 
we so understand the Scriptures. The apostles were 
told to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to 
every creature. As to the way of going, where to 
go and when to go, and how long to remain, they 
were generally permitted to exercise their judgment. 
He who reads the New Testament with care, cannot 
help noticing these facts. The early preachers were 
men of judgment, and the Lord wanted them to make 
use of their judgment. Then there were instances 
when they needed help in selecting their fields of labor, 
and the Lord came to their assistance. 

Just so to-day. The men of God should make all 
possible use of their wisdom and experience, and at the 
same time pray the Lord to direct them as he thinks 
best. The Lord can do something with men of this 
class, for they not only use their judgment — and this 
power of the mind has been given them to be used — 
but they are willing to be led. There are times when the 
Holy Spirit will come to the minister's assistance, and 
help him decide matters that he cannot rightly decide 
himself. There are times when a preacher of the Gos- 
pel can be trusted with the Master's work, and the 
Lord is willing to trust him, knowing that he will do 
the right thing. No one believes more firmly in the 
influence of the Holy Ghost than we. But while this 
is true, we also believe that there is something left for 
the preachers to do. and the Lord expects them to do 
it. In fact, there is left for man all that he can do, 
with the distinct understanding that the Lord will help 
him when he cannot and should not help himself. 

The economics of religion are plainly set forth both 
in nature and revelation. God never intended that 
his gifts should be thrown away or wasted. In looking 
on his creation he said that it was good, and very good. 
This includes all creation in its widest sense. And so 
he would have us look at all the things we see, hear, 
taste, and by which we are surrounded. They are 
all given for our use, because we are his children. 
And if we fail to use them as we should, we lose them. 
And what is lost is waste. And to waste is sin. Be- 
cause all things were created, we get the idea of effort, 
of labor and the use of energy. To waste this is to 
trifle with the wisdom and goodness of a beneficent 

This also shows that we have needs ; and needs can 
be supplied only by using the means provided for the 
supply. The Lord very graciously indicates the times 
of these needs. This is done in the manner of his cre- 
ation. He has made stated times and seasons for 
using, so that we may know and utilize the provisions 
as the needs come. In this time of provision, the need 
and the use must be made to correspond, or there will 
be a waste and a corresponding suffering. 

For our good and convenience we have been given 
divisions of time, — seasons; summer, autumn, winter 
and spring — years, months, weeks, days, hours, etc. 
For all of these are special needs and supplies. There 
are times to sow, reap and gather. If we don't use 
these times, we lose. If we don't sow, we lose. If we 
don't sow and don't reap, we lose. If we sow and 
reap and don't gather, we lose. It is either use or 

Then we have our daily needs. For these we are 
to pray: "Give us this day our daily bread." Not 
this year; but day by day. So the supply comes, 
and so we must use or lose. The using must come as 
the needs come, or loss will follow. This lesson was 
forcibly taught the children of Israel in providing the 
manna. The supply came to meet the need. And 
what was not used was lost. Not to use would have 
made a double loss. They would have lost the supply, 
and also the strength that the supply was intended to 
give. And so it is in all of our experiences. We 
cannot eat to-day for yesterday or for to-morrow. In 
all these things it is use or lose. 

The Lord lias given us physical possibilities which, 
not to use, is to lose. Our limbs, our voice and our 
senses receive their cunning only by use. What would 
our hands, our feet, eyes, ears and nose be to us if 
never used? They develop their powers as they are 
used. So with our intellectual possibilities. We have 
our intellectual dwarfs and giants. The one by not 
using and the other by using. 

Where do we stand on the list? The possibilities 
have been placed before us ; the talents thrust into 
our hands. If we don't use them we lose. The Lord 
says of the nonuser, " Take it from him." He will 
not cast his pearls under our feet to be trampled upon. 
All these gifts are endowments and are precious. If 
he has given us the ministry of teaching, preaching, 
merchandising or farming. Let us use it as for him, 
and we will not only hold it, but more shall be added 
as we appreciate and utilize. 

There are hundreds and thousands losing and being 
impoverished simply because they fail to use the gold- 
en opportunities as they come. All these lessons are 
sad to contemplate, because they are generally not 
realized until too late to retrieve the loss. 

But there is another gift which not to use is un- 
speakably more sad. It is the gift of eternal life. 
This is freely offered to everyone of us. We are 
urged, pressed and almost compelled to accept it. 
And yet how many there are who continually and per- 
sistently refuse to accept and use, which means in the 
end to lose eternally. " My Spirit," saith the Lord, 
"will not always strive." "To-day if ye hear my 
voice." " To-day is the accepted time." This great 
gift was secured at a wonderful cost— the precious 
blood for you, for me. It means the loss or gain of 
the soul. Which shall it be? Shall we use or will we 
lose? H - B - ?■ 


thie gospel messeitgeb. 

Feb. i, 1902 


In the British Museum, as well as in other Eastern 
museums, there are thousands of ancient tablets that 
have not yet been deciphered. Some of them date back 
beyond the days of Abraham, and are therefore 
older than the oldest book in the Bible. One in the 
British Museum, of rare interest, has just been partly 
deciphered. It dates from a period about 700 B. C, 
and gives full dimensions of the ark. It shows that 
the ark constructed by Noah was several times larger 
lhan the greatest modern vessel afloat. We cull from 
the report as given in a recent issue of the. Chicago 

The new find is that of a tablet that tells in detail of 
Noah's ark, giving exact dimensions and enumerating 
the animals that were carried on it to save them from 
the deluge. 

This ancient record, predating even the ancient Asur- 
banipal's reign by no one knows how many centuries, 
or even tens of centuries, treats the matter not as 
legend, but as history. 

According to the dimensions given in the record, 
the hull of the ark was almost exactly twice as long, 
and more than ten times as wide as the " Oceanic " 
or the " Celtic," the two biggest ships in the world 
to-day. Either of the two big ships, when in dry 
dock, tower eighty feet from keel to lower deck. 
The deckhouse alone of the ark, according to the 
tablets, was more than three times as high as that. 

So great was this deckhouse that neither the 
"Oceanic" nor the "Celtic" could accommodate it on 
their hulls, for it alone was 400 feet longer than either 
of these ships are over all. 

The description of the ark as given in the tablet 
depicts it as having been a huge houseboat in form. 
Thus the present and common conception of what its 
appearance was is identical with that conveyed by the 
old record. 

The dimensions are given in cubits in the tablet. 
It is assumed that the cubit used there is the old 
Egyptian cubit, which, as is shown by old measuring 
sticks found in Egyptian tombs, is 20.64 inches. The 
Hebrew cubit used later was slightly different. There 
has been no positive agreement as to its exact length, 
However, the difference, if any, is so slight that it will 
not affect the figures measurably. 

The ark, says the tablet, was 78c; cubits long and 
410 cubits in its greatest width. It had on its top a 
deckhouse builded of great rafters of fine woods. This 
deckhouse was 660 cubits long, and 390 cubits wide, 
and 150 cubits high. 

Thus, using the Egyptian cubit for a basis of meas- 
urement, the dimensions of the ark were : Length over 
all, 1,355.36 feet; width or beam, 705.20 feet; deck- 
house — length. 1,135.20 feet; width, 670.80 feet; 
height, 258 feet. 

The " Celtic " and the " Oceanic " are 704 feet long, 
75 and 68 feet beam, respectively, and 80 feet from 
keel to deck. 

The ark, therefore, if it floated alongside of either 
of these two ships, would hide them completely. The 
top of its deckhouse would be much higher than the 
tops of the masts of the big liners. While no record is 
given of its weight, there having been no system of 
estimating the sizes of vessels by tonnage or displace- 
ment in those days, it is evident that the ark must 
have displaced far more water than did any modern 

According to the figures given on the tablet, the 
ark would have drawn so much water that it 
never could enter New York harbor, even in the 
highest tide, when there are thirty-six feet of water 
clear. This fact serves to give a graphic conception 
of what the extent of the deluge must have been. 

The tablet, after giving the dimensions of the ark, 
goes en to describe the arrangement of the deckhouse. 
There was ample room on each side of the deckhouse 
for moving about, a space 17.20 feet wide having been 
left on each side of the craft between the deckhouse 
and the gunwale of the ark. At each end was a great 
deck, where the inmates rested during the day. One 
may suppose these two decks were similar in purpose, 
if not in form, to the promenade decks on the modern 

The work of deciphering the inscription has not been 
completed, and only a partial list of the animals that 
were carried has been made out as yet. The inscrip- 
tion as far as read enumerates, in the order given : 
dromedaries, camels, oxen, mules, asses, sheep, goars, 
antelopes, and rabbits as the mammals that were car- 
ried. Doves lead the list of birds. Then follow 
swallows and ravens. 

All this agrees with the account of the building and 
voyage of the ark as given in the Bible, except the 
order in which the birds are named. 

The order in which the birds are mentioned agrees 
with the story of the deluge told in another Assyrian 
tablet, of which, however, only a fragment was found. 
This was deciphered some years ago by George Smith. 
In it the sailing of the ark is mentioned without the 
details as to its building, which have been found in the 
tablet just described. The story there tells how the 
Assyrian hero at the deluge, Tam-zi (the sun of life), 
floated for seven days, when there came a calm and the 
ark touched bottom. Then he waited seven days and 
still the waters did not subside. So he freed a dove. 
It returned. After seven days more he liberated a 
swallow, which returned also. After another seven 
days he freed a raven, which did not return. Then 
arguing that the raven had found that it was safe to 
leave the protection of the ark, Tam-zi was filled with 
hope. He left the craft and made libation on the 
mountain which appeared above the waters then, and 
which, according to the Babylonian narrative, was 
Mount Nizar. 

The order of the sending out of the birds, it will 
be seen, is different in the Biblical narrative. So is 
the ending in the deluge story. The Assyrian Noah 
and his family did not become the fathers of a new 
world of men. According to the tablet, " Tam-zi and 
his wife and the people were carried away to be gods." 

It is pointed out by archaeologists that the list found 
in the tablet that is being deciphered now does not 
appear to^ assert that two specimens of every living 
animal form were taken into the ark. There is noth- 
ing in the record on which to found any assumption 
other than that the animals that actually were taken 
were domestic animals and pets. 

What will be the outcome of this discovery remains 
to be seen. The tablet must be thoroughly discussed 
by men who are acquainted with that kind of literature. 
It may be safe at this date to say that this find proves 
that there was, in ancient times, other literature be- 
sides the Bible, showing that the flood really occurred, 
and that Noah actually did build the ark. The length 
of the, ancient cubit may also show that the great ship 
was much larger than we have been led to think. We 
await, with interest, further reports and investigations. 


What is the difference between receiving the Holy Ghost 
and receiving the gift of the Holy Ghost? What is the gift of 
the Holy Ghost? 

There is practically no difference. In Acts 10 : 44 
it is said that the Holy Ghost fell on Cornelius and 
the others that heard the Word. In the very next 
verse it is said that on these same persons was poured 
out the "gift of the Holy Ghost." In Acts 11: 17 
Peter calls the receiving of the Holy Ghost the " gift." 
On the day of Pentecost he told the multitude what 
to do that they might receive the "gift of the Holy 
Ghost." They complied with the conditions and then 
received the Holy Ghost, that is, they received the 
gift of the Holy Ghost. By thus answering the first 
question we have answered the second. The gift of 
the Holy Ghost is simply the receiving of the Holy 


Is it in keeping with the order of the church for members to 
refuse to commune at home, and then go to the Lord's table 
when away from home?— E. E S. 

We should think that if a member is not in a condi- 
tion to commune in his own church, that congregation 
being in full fellowship with the Brotherhood, it would 
not be consistent for him to commune elsewhere. 

Is it right for a minister to solemnize a marriage for first, sec- 
ond or even third cousins? 

This depends upon the law of the States where the 
marriage takes place. Some States permit first cous- 
ins to marry, while others do not. There is nothing in 
the New Testament regarding cousins marrying, but 
it is generally advised against. 

If one is sick, is anointed according to James 5: 15 for resto- 
ration to health, and then fails to get well, is this failure be- 
cause of a lack of faith? 

Not necessarily. Paul had faith, prayed three times 
for the removal of his thorn in the flesh, and his 
prayers were not answered. The failure did not in- 
dicate a lack of faith. We should pray and work in 
faith, and God will look after us in the way he thinks 

Why do we not s<*nd our ministers out two and two, as Jesus 
sent out his disciples? 

When Jesus sent his disciples out two and two they 
were limited in their mission to the lost sheep of 
the house of Israel. Later he directed them to go into 
all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature. 
Under this commission they were not sent out two and 
two. It is under this, and not the former, commission 
that we labor. 

Why cannot we have a missionary located here in ? 

There are people here who have souls. 

Do you pray the Lord to send you a minister? 
Have you written your State Mission Board about 
your mission point? Have you done any personal 
work among the people? Have you distributed some 
tracts? Have you offered to help with the expenses? 
In fact, are you working to get a minister to come? 
If you are, keep on, and you will succeed. But if you 
sit down and wait for the Lord to send you a minister 
you are likely to be disappointed. 

Is it not wrong to have imaginary Bible pictures in connec- 
tion with religious reading? 

An imaginary picture is the artist's way of present- 
ing his view on a given subject. It may be no more 
imaginary than an article by another person on the 
same subject. The Messenger does not consider 
these pictures wrong when they are kept within the 
limits of truth and propriety. We see nothing wrong 
in a suitable picture of feet-washing, as practiced by 
Christ and the apostles, the Lord's supper, or the bap- 
tism of Christ, though they must of necessity be 

We know a preacher who says feet-washing is not binding 
because the four books, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, be- 
long to the Jewish dispensation, and what is in them is not ob- 
ligatory, because Christ acted under the law. Yet he admits it 
to be an example of humility. Please explain. 

There is nothing to explain. The preacher simply 
sets aside a part of the New Testament, and that is 
all there is of it. We read about this class of preachers 
in Acts 3 : 22, 23 : " For Moses truly said unto the 
fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up 
unto you of your brethren, like unto me ; him shall ye 
hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. 
And it shall come to pass that every soul which will not 
hear that prophet shall be destroyed from among the 
people." This tells what is to become of those who 
set the teachings of Christ aside, and do not hear him. 

In James 5: 4 we read: "Is any sick among you? let him call 
for the elders of the church," etc. What are we to understand 
by elders? Can ministers in the first and second degreeB offici- 
ate in the anointing? 

By elders are meant those duly ordained. Special 
reference seems to be had to such as are in charge 
of the churches. The anointing of the sick is entrusted 
to them — they are the shepherds. When possible they 
should respond to the calls for anointing. When they 
cannot go, they can deputize others to attend to the 
duty. Those deputized may be ministers in the second 
or first degrees, and even a deacon can act as an 
assistant in emergency. In the absence of an elder 
it is understood that ministers not ordained may 
respond to the call of the sick. When it is once under- 
stood that an elder can call others to assist him in the 
care of the flock, the reason for now and then using the 
unordained in the anointing services will seem both 
reasonable and fitting. 

Feb. I, 1902 



General Missionary 


...Tract Department 


D. L- Miller, Illinois I H. C. Eably, Virgin! 

L \V. Teeter, Indiana I A. B. Barnhart, M 

John Zuck, Iowa 

Mf* Address all business to General Missionary 
and Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. 

*The regular meeting of the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee 
w i|| be in Elgin, 111., on Feb. 11, beginning 
at 8 A. M. The Executive Committee of the 
Brethren Publishing House will meet Feb. io. 
Business Intended for this meeting should be 
reduced to writijig and sent to the Mission 
Rooms not later than Feb. I. 


It is yet within the memory of many when 
the great Mississippi valley was a wild waste, 
and to move to this land was going to the " far 
West.'' In those days people left the good 
homes of the eastern side of the Alleghanies 
and with wagon wearily made the journey into 
this new country. Perhaps the main purpose 
of the larger part of the emigrants was to seek 
a new and better home,— start in with the land 
at government prices, and while toiling and 
making a living, let the farm increase in value. 
Thus many and many a well-to-do and wealthy 
member of the Brethren church, whose head is 
now white with the frosts of many winters, 
made his fortune. They did not make their 
wealth so much by shrewd trading as by carry- 
ing in their own name large tracts of land and 
receiving the benefit of the settling influences 
of the country on the price of land generally. 
This no doubt is what they sought after when 
they came westward. This is not all they ac- 
complished, however. 

With these brave, sturdy homeseekers came 
the Spirit of Christ, planted within their bos- 
oms by their fathers of the East, and rarely if 
ever wholly forsaken while battling with the 
hardships of the frontier. At first the spiritual 
life showed little signs of real existence. But 
it only took the effort of a leader to call the 
people together in some log hut, or in the 
more spacious grove, God's first temple, when 
the weather was favorable, to show to everyone 
that these settlers had not forgotten the Christ 
of their homeland. And when a love feast was 
called, how sweet and dear to the soul was 
that communion of hearts, how free from the 
worries and vexations of jealousies, how holy 
the sacraments seemed to those who partook. 
True, the Word preached was in frontier 
crudenesB, and yet underlying every syllable 
was the touch of love from the throne above 
that brought tears of joy, groans and sighs of 
relief, and a bright smile to every face which 
bowed around those altars of prayer. In the 
roughness and rudeness of all their surround- 
ings, a deep amen followed every prayer and 
the mingling and blending of hearts and voices 
in songs of praise was a blessing to everyone. 
No wonder that the "old landmarks" of an 
earlier day, still lingering in our midst to day, 
refer to the "good old times." The strain of 
formality and perhaps intense refinement was 
not then felt, and the poor in spirit as well as 
in pocket felt at home with everyone, for they 
were about all alike. 

But the real story of all this missionary effort 
will ever remain unwritten in the annals of 
men. These frontiersmen lived not for history, 
but for God and their own homes. The only 
evidence of such a godly life and large-hearted 
struggle for the cause of Christ stands in the 
inheritance which the present day enjoys,— the 
large and flourishing congregations which are 
scattered over Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and 
more or less over adjoining States. The story 
has been repeated in the migration from these 
parts to Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska and 
States farther west. It is being repeated again 
m the onward mighty movement to settle up 
the still farther West and Northwest. No one 
can prevent this mighty movement. Annual 
Conference may circumscribe the advertise- 


ments in the church paper on the ground of a 
possible misrepresentation,— this will not stop 
the onward movement. He who in the begin- 
ning sent forth the first pair to occupy and 
people the earth, sees his own edict carried 
out even in this present day. And the coloni- 
zation work that is now going on in the various 
parts of the world is one of the mightiest mis- 
sionary efforts in which the church has ever 
had any part. 



A tract is a short treatise on a doctrinal 
subject, drawn in a clear way and in vivid col- 
ors, with the design of leading the mind to the 
knowledge and acceptance of religious truth. 
There are times when the mind is open for in- 
struction and willing to be led. At such a 
time a suitable tract may be the means of lead- 
ing a soul to Christ. 

A stranger may come to your door and you 
may, like Job, the servant of God in olden 
times, take him in and feed him, and, if you 
can do nothing more, hand him a tract and ask 
it as a favor that he read it carefully. Ten 
times to one he will Ho so, because he will ap 
preciate your kindness to him. 

When on a journey you are brought for a 
time into company with someone, and you may 
spend a short while very pleasantly with him; 
then at parting you present him such a tract as 
you in your judgment deem most suitable, with 
the request that he read it thoughtfully and he 
will do it for the sake of the pleasant time he 
spent with you. 

Then there is a fellow-Christian who has his 
dark seasons ot discouragement, who is in 
doubt on some doctrinal subject. Such a one 
is anxious for reading matter that offers light 
upon the subject that perplexes him. Give 
him a tract that in your judgment will enlight- 
en him. It will do him good, and you may be 
the means of saving a soul from the error of 
his way. 

In this way any and all may become judicious 
tract distributers. Neither will this in any way 
interfere with the work of our special agents in 
this important service. What we want is that 
more engage in the work, that all become in- 
terested in some way. As we therefore have 
opportunity, let us do good. 

Broadway, Va, 



Christ was a teacher who summed up the 
whole duty of man in love, universal love, love 
extended not to our equals and benefactors on- 
ly, but to our enemies and our persecutors, to 
our inferiors and the outcasts of human society. 
His royal law was, " Love thy neighbor as thy- 
self." But by -'our neighbor "he meant neither 
our cousin next door, nor our caste man in the 
same street. For, when he was called upon to 
explain what he meant by a neighbor, he se- 
lected as an example an alien and an outcast. 
He showed both by precept and by example 
that the greatest among men ought to consider 
himself the least of all. When he stopped 
short in his triumphal entry for blind Bartiroa?- 
us, and disappointed with a disdainful silence 
the royal curiosity of that Herodian fox, he il- 
lustrated the grand truth that the beggar as a 
man is ereater in the sight of God than is the 
man merely as a king. When he praised the 
mite of the widow, when be, a Judean Brahmin 
(high caste), asked drink of a Samaritan Pari- 
ah (low caste), when he sat down at the table of 
the publican Zaccheus, he inculcated the great 
doctrine that God is no respecter of persons, 
but in every nation he that feareth him and 
worketh righteousness is acceptable to him. 
When he wept at the grave of Lazarus, when 
he took compassion on the widow of Nain, 
when he turned back to the daughters and 
wives of his murderers and with unspeakable 
agony of tenderness uttered the words, "Weep 
not for me," he proclaimed to the world that 
henceforth religion should consist in active 
benevolence and not in contemplative seclu- 
sion or retired selfishness. When he washed 
the feet of his disciples, when he gently re- 
buked Salome for the honor she roveted for 
her sons, he made known the great principle 
that a great man is great only in so far as he i» 
humble, that God resisteth the proud, but giv- 
eth grace to the humble. Yes, he who came to 

reveal that the soul of the greatest monarch 
was no better in the sight of God than the soul 
of hia meanest slave, first emptied himself of 
all his glory, took the form of a servant, al- 
lowed himself to be despised and r" jected of 
men, and humbled himself unto death, yea, the 
death of the cross, the death of a felon and a 
slave.— Selected by E. B. Miller, of Butsar, In- 



John's baptism was a true baptism, and was 
administered in water. Mark 1:5 tells us that 
it was done in the river, and not in the church- 
house. This baptism was the prerequisite to 
the baptism of the Holy Ghost. Peter told his 
congregation to repent and be baptized for the 
remission of sins and said, " Ye shall receive 
the gift of the Holy Ghost. And they that 
gladly received the word were baptized." This 
teaches us that the baptism of water is essen- 
tial to the baptism of the Holy Ghost. 

We have now been planted together with 
Christ and have been resurrected to walk in 
newness of life. This brings us in a direct re- 
lation with the third person of the Trinity and 
makes our bodies fit temples for the indwelling 
of the Holy Ghost. And if we have been con- 
verted according to Acts 3:19, then the house 
has been emptied, swept and garnished, and 
the unclean spirit is gone out and in his place 
is the Holy Spirit abiding. This is not a volun- 
tary occupant. Christ says, " Blessed are they 
that hunger and thirst after righteousness; foi 
they shall be filled." This signifies an empty- 
ing of self and an increasing desire for the 
Holy Ghost to lead, 

Paul, in his missionary tour, at Ephesus met 
a man who was instructed in the way of the 
Lord, and being fervent in the spirit he spake 
and taught diligently the things of the Lord, 
knowing only the baptism of John, and needed 
the way of God expounded more fully. Again, 
he found discipks at Ephesus who were bap- 
tized and did not know whether there was 
Holy Ghost or not. How many people have 
been baptized in the name of the Father, and 
of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, that have 
had an experience such as these people had, 
and who would not allow the Spirit to lead 
them? On the other band, how many profess 
to be led entirely by the Spirit, and yet they 
have never accepted the conditions of the Spir- 

In the fifth chapter of Galatians Paul reckons 
up the works of the flesh and the fruits of the 
Spirit. And of the professing thousands who 
claim to be led of the Spirit, how many have 
met the conditions of the Gospel of the Son of 
God? Is it any wonder, then, that Christ says, 
"Strait is the way, and narrow is the gate, 
and few there be that find it"? In the world 
to-day, and even in some of the churches the 
way is pictured so broad and the gate widt 
enough to admit all and everything to eterna 
life. Reader, will you turn to your Bible and 
seethe true way? And may the Pentecostal 
baptism still continue to come on our beloved 

Ellerslie, Md. 



In most of the churches the rear seats are 
filled first. In fact, I have preached but few 
placeB where the front seats were filled first. I 
am now preaching in Oakwood. Only few of 
our Brethren are living here. But I can say 
that the front seat is filled first and the rear 
seat last. At this place the congregation tries 
to get near the pulpit. We are preaching in 
the U. B. church and are having good crowds 
and good interest. 

While holding a revival meeting in one of 
our churches last fall the audience was scat' 
tered over the houBe. I invited them to come 
close together. I found that was a great help. 
We also had better singing. Sometimes you see 
the preacher's wife sit back in the rear seats. 
That ha* a bad influence on the outsiders. 

One time a minister came to a certain 
church, His wife was also a member. But 
she did not dress as a sister should. She sat in 
the rear seats. I could hear the outsiders talk 
about that preacher's wife. Sister, be carefu 
Brethren, see to it that the front seats are filled 
first. Even invite the outsiders to come up in 

Oak-wood, Ohio, Jan. 20. 


By Elizabeth D. Bo 



For Week Ending Feb. 3. 

Topic, Bible Study. 
Text, 2 Tim. 3:15, r6. 

References, 2 Peter 1: r.6-21; Ps. 19:7-14; Ps. 
110:9-16; Jas. 1:22-25; Ezek. 33:30-32; Josh, i: 
8;Deut. 11:18-21; Ps. 71: 17; Acts 17:11; John 
5:39; Mark 12:24; Acts 18:24. 

Remarks: From a child. The most lasting 
impressions of faith are made on children. If 
they are interested in Bible stories and enjoy 
Sunday-school lessons, they are laying up a 
treasure, for we remember best what we 
learned in childhood. 

Which are able to make thee wise unto salva- 
tion. Then are we wise indeed. The knowl- 
edge of this world cannot do this, only the 
study of the Bible and the indwelling of the 
Holy Spirit. Is it our duty to tench others? 

God gives us the spirit of love. Then we 
will want to do something for our Lord. Some- 
body says, "Anybody may be saved if some 
saint can be found to love him enough." A 
successful missionary said, " If you would win 
many souls to Christ, you must love those you 
work for." It is not enough to pity and desire 
to do them good. 

All Scripture is profitable for doctrine, to 
teach the will of God and point out Jesus till 
he come. F^r reproof, when wc do wrong it 
condemns us. For correction, it sets us right 
if we are teachable. 

Essay, " How can we Teach the Bible to our 

Reading from one of the Circle books. 



Can anything be of greater importance than 
the books we read? Thousands of books and 
papers are put into circulation every day. 
Some of these have the worst possible influence 
upon the reader, others will fill him with aspi- 
rations for personal goodness. The mind and 
imagination are nourished by the food that is 
given them. Character is an index of the 
mind, our reputation may be a deception. A 
good book will arouse in us a desire for purity 
and truth, 

By reading the books of our Reading Circle 
we come in touch with the best life and thought 
of those who left all to follow Jesus. They tell 
us of God's great love for men, how be sent his 
only Son on a mission of redeeming love. 
They teach us our duty towards the unen- 
lightened millions in heathen lands, and the 
indifferent ones in our own country. When 
ChriBt gave his command from Mount Olivet, 
"Go ye therefore and teach all nations," it was 
an emphatic command. Are you interested in 
this command? Then you should read the Cir- 
cle books, better to inform yourself concerning 
this great work. Are you indifferent? Then 
you should read them that you may be brought 
to a realization of what your Master a<;ks of 
you. These books should n"t be read careless- 
ly; they should be studied and talked over. 
Lend them to your neighbors, and interest 
them in the Circle and its work. Put into 
practice what you have learned by this read- 
ing, then will it prove a bleasing indeed. 

Smithville, Ohio, 

How many Loaves have Ye?— When we 
think of the many poor, neglected souls who 
know nothing of Jesus or his love, the people 
who are poor without the faith and trust which 
makes poverty less bitter, then we feel our 
helplessness, how very little we can do to help 
them. When Lhc hungry multitude were seat- 
ed on the hillside, our Lord asked the disciples, 
" How many loaves have ye? " Like the disci- 
ples, we must answer him. '* We have so few." 
But he wants them. We say, " Lord, what is 
my little offering?" But he can use it. If it 
is but a thought poorly expressed at a Circle 
meeting, or one new name for our Circle, or 
one act of kindness for one in need, his bless- 
ing will enrich our feeble efforts. How many 
loaves have ye? Give them to Jesus. 

Goodness, like the River Nile, overflows its 
banks to enrich the soil and to throw plenty in- 
to the couptry. — Collier, 



Feb. i, 1902 


Mission Report for Week Ending 
Jan. 25, ipoa. 


[Money donated to this fund will be used at home 01 

abroad as necessity demands It. This lund it on fee 

true basis— to be used where needed, and it Is hoped that 

it will bcivell supported. Interest on endowments, not 

otherwise designated, will be acknowledged under this 

Previously reported Jia,j6; 43 

III.— Lanark Sunday school, $32; Batavia 
Sunday school, J14.20; M. Lingenlelter, Canton, 
$S; G. H. Stambaugh, Leeseburg. *3-43: mar- 
riage notice, Will Lampin, 50 cents; Milledge- 
ville Sunday school, $aS-3a; Franklin Grove 
cong., $3; Yellow Creek cong,, S9.SO; total 93 3i 

p A ,_j. w. Spicher, Hillsdale, U; J. B. Mil- 
ler, Woodbury,; Sarah K. Saylor, Waynes- 
boro, S&; marriage notice, C. L. Buck, 50 cents; 
]. J. Olier, Waynesboro, $20; J. F. Fitzwater, 
Port Providence, S3; Lizzie Myers, Bareville. 
J1.20 total 43 90 

Ind.— White cong.. I6.50; Mary E. Leedy, 
Larwiil, 50 cents; fohn W. Whitehead, Millord, 
81; Jacob Mitchel, Saline City, $y. Wm. B. 
Young, Clarks Hill. *; total 14 *> 

Va.— Ssm'l Garber, New Market, Sj; S. L. 
Huffman, Jennings Gap, S1.20; Louisa E. Evans, 
Salem, Ji; S. D. Miller, Ml. Sidney, S3; G. A. 
Moomaw, Trinity, 86; total 1 

Ohio.-S. W. Brumbaugh, Dayton, *; J. 
W. Moore, Tiffin, S3; G. 5. Byerly, Lima, *5i 

Iowa— L, R. Feiler, Waterloo, So cents; W. 
C. Lehman, Pierson, J6; L. M. Eby, Reinbeck, 
S1.20; total 7 70 

Mo.— Plattsburg Sunday school, S4.00; Wal- 
nut Creek cong., Si. 25; total, 5 85 

Md.— J.Wesley Broadwater, Lonaconlng, Jo 
cents; marriage notice, W. E. Roop, Si; G. W. 
Newcomer, Ringgold, S4-oSi total, 5 55 

Nebr. — Kearney cong 3 05 

W. Va.— M. C. Czigan, Grove, 82.93; Mary J. 
Williamson, Hedgeville, 50 cents; total 3 43 

Minn.— Zimri Garwood, Baraum 

Ariz -Glendale cong 

Kans,— Marriage notice, M. E. Brubaker, 50 
centB;Sailie Boots, Cunningham, |i; total, 

Gospel Messenger Poor Fund. 


Previously reported, , Saoo ga 

Arizona.— Glendale church, 81.50; J. C. Parrctt 

and wile, Phoenix, (1; total 4 So 

Cal.— J E. Bosserman, Glendora 10 00 

ILL.-Jolin M- Miller, Auburn, J1.4S; W. H. Gilt, 

Orangeville, St; total, 2 45 

Ind.— Thomas Cripe, Goshen, $i; Mrs. Susan 

Davy, Indianapolis, So cents; total 1 5° 

Kans. — Belleville church, $6,30; "In Jesus' 

Name," S3; a brother, Ozawkle. Si .60; total, 10 go 

Mo.-G. G. Rexroad, Springfield, S2.50; Sister 

S. G. Hoover, Plattsburg, Si; total 3 So 

N. Dak.— Anna E. Berkley, Cando 4 00 

OHIO.— F. M. Bowers, Forest S 00 

PA— Wm. H. BJougb, Sipesville, 82; a brother. 

Hatfield, 82; total 4 00 

• W. VA— Samuel Heoner, Durbin, 81.50; Daniel 

Heoner, Durbin, $1; total 2 50 

Total (or year beginning April, 1901 (25s » 

From Our Correspondents, 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so Is good news 
a Jar country." 

Total lor year beginning April. 1901 812,571 72 


Previously reported S154 14 

111.— Salem cong., 85-93; Isaac and Margaret 
Shively, Laplace, $10; Eli and Clara Ulrey, La- 
place, S5; D. L. Miller's lectures at Franklin 
Grove, 8246.97; Franklin Grove Sunday school, 

S13; a sister, Kent, S5; total 285 90 

PA— Walnut Grove Sewing Society, Sio; John A. 
Strayer, Johnstown, 85; G. W. Bremer, Waynes- 
boro, So cents; J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Sioo; Box 
73, Paxtang, Ji; Jos. F. Emmert, Waynesboro, Sio; 
Mechanicsburg Sunday school, S15; Jacob S. Guy- 
er, Loysburg, (2S; D- H. Baker, Abbottstown, 

tMO; total 168 90 

Cal.— G. M. Hepner, Covins 100 00 

W. VA.— J. F. Sanger and wife, Bays, S40; J. F. 

Ross, Simpson, (6; total 46 oo 

OHIO— A brother, Suffiold, 8S; G. A. Snider and 
wile. Lima, Sio; Reuben Martin, Apple Creek, Si? 
G. H. Byerly, Lima. 5S; Aaron and Jennie Shriver, 

Lima, $10; total, 3' 00 

Iowa — A sister, Liberty Center, 50 cents; three 
sisters. Keota, (5; Fred and Ed. Zapl, Grundy 
Centre, S3; J- E. Ott and family, Yale, 82.50; Isaac 

DuBois and lamily, Greene, S7: total 18 00 

Ind.— Oliver Harter and family, North Manches- 
ter, (1.25; two Brethren's families, North Man- 
chester, 75 cents; j. Harvey Scbrock and wife, Go- 
shen SSl Amanda Fletcher's class, Goshen, 86. 30; 

Lemon and Inna Eby, Wawaka, $1; total, 14 30 

NEBR— J. G. Van Dyke and family. Rockford, .. 8 4c 
Kans— A sister, Olathe, tr, H. C. Markee, 
Lyons, S2; A. Zin, Ozawkie, 25 cents; L. Replogle, 
Ozawkie, Si; A. Puderbaugh, Ozawkie, S4; total,.. 8 25 

Colo.— Minnie and Josie Lohmiiler, Pueblo s 00 

Md.— John E. Otto and wile, Sharpsburg, 5 00 

Mo.— C A. Lent? and wile, Leeton, 5 00 

Va— N. A. Spitler, Spring Creek, $2; John E. 

Hartman, Scottsiord, S2; total 4 00 

N. C. Melvln Hill 2 00 

S. Dak.— A. Schrader, Egan, 1 00 

Total lor year beginning April, 1001, 8856 89 


Previously reported, 81,027 96 

Cal.— G M. Hepner, Covina, 100 00 

Ind.— North Manchester cong., S84. 76; Spring 

Creek Sunday school, S6.74; total 91 50 

Nebr— Martha E. Dell's class, South Beatrice, 8 10 

N. Dak.— Wm. and Martha Kessler, Zion 5 00 

Kans— Walton Sunday school 5 15 

III.— G. H. Stambaugb, Leeseburg, 82.69; C. 

Tempie Sauble, Rocklord, 81; total, 3 69 

Iowa— One of Eve Lkhty's Sunday-school 

scholars, Waterloo, 1 35 

Mo.— Plattsburg Sunday school, 2 00 

Total for year beginning April, 1901, 81,244 75 


Previously reported 

III.— D. L. Miller's lectures at Franklin Grove, 

Pa.— Huntingdon Sunday-school class 

Iowa.— Hannah Welter, Davenport 

Md.— G. N- Newcomer, Ringgold 

Mo.-Plattsburg Sunday school 

(535 S8 

Total for year beginning April, 1901 

Gen. Miss, and Tract 

8564 49 

Carlisle. — Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Gainesville, 
Ark., and our elder, Bro. J. H. Neher, of Pales- 
tine, Ark., came to us Jan. 7 and began preach- 
ing at our schoolhouse, six miles northwest of 
Carlisle, The meetings continued till Jan. 17. 
The Brethren's doctrine is comparatively new 
in this section. Our home minister, Bro. H. J. 
Lilly, was ordained to the eldership during the 
meeting. — /, B. Nis-"'ander,Jan. ig, 


Wabasso.— Jan. 8 Bro. W. R. Miller and I 
started for Florida. We arrived at St. Augus- 
tine the following evening. Next morning we 
went up to the old city gates and Fort Marion, 
viewing the ocean. We arrived at this place 
in the evening. Bro Stuff and wife met us. 
We stayed a few days with Bro. King's. On 
the Lord's Day there was organizer! a union 
Sunday school. Bro. Miller was elected assist- 
ant superintendent. Bm. Miller will hold serv- 
ice each Lord's Day while here. — H. W, Bark- 
doll, Jan. 20, 


Oakley. — Bro. M, Flory closed his meetings 
in the village ofOakleyJan. ig.withafull house 
and good interest. We think lasting impres- 
sions were made. — Levi Blickenstaff, Jan. 21, 

Franklin Grove.— This church has just had 
the pleasure of having Bro. D. L. Miller with 
her for ten days, in which time he gave eight 
illustrated lectures during the evenings on Bi- 
ble Lands and other places of interest, besides 
a number of sermons and ta'ks in the day-time. 
These lectures awakened much interest in the 
community and were profitable in more firmly 
establishing the truth of the Bible. The inter- 
est was made manifest in a substantial way by 
the response to the collections which were tak- 
en for the expenses, for the mission work, and 
for the sufferers in India, which amounted to 
S307. — D. B. Senger, Jan. 24.. 

Lanark. — The church at this place is rejoic- 
ing because valuable souls have decided to 
live in the higher life. Our meetings began 
Jac 2 and closed last night, Bro. E. M. Cobb, 
of Pyrmonl, Ind., preached for us. His ser- 
mons were greatly enjoyed by all. Fifteen 
have been baptized and one reclaimed. .The 
old and new parts of our churchhouse, which 
hold between five arid six hundred people, 
were filled nearly every night. The goodly 
number of these young people that have joined 
the church will greatly aid and encourage the 
work to be done.— Boyd Zuck, Jan. 27. 

Liberty — Dec. 28 Bro, D. E. Eshelman, 
from Ipava, 111., came to us with the intention 
of locating at Concord church, So we started 
for the place, Bro. Roe, one of our worthy 
deacons, accompanying us. As there was no 
announcement of the meeting we started out to 
notify the people. Sunday morning and even- 
ing Bro. Eshelman preached and Bro. S. S, 
Brubaker, a member of the Mission Board 
of Southern Illinois, was present. Brethren 
Eshelman and Brubaker left for home on Mon- 
day and as I had promised them a series of 
meetings as I visit this place once a month we 
continued our meeting till the evening of Jan. 
16. We think good will result. We need an 
active minister to locate here and organize 
Sunday school and have preaching at least ev- 
ery two weeks. It is now one of six appoint- 
ments a month that I try to fill. Who will 
come to our assistance?— D, M, Brubaker, 
Jan. 21. 

Salem church met in special council Jan, 18, 
with Eld. J. H. Baker, of Astoria, presiding. 
All was love and union. Sunday and Sunday 
evening Bro. Baker gave us two good sermons, 
After the evening services we held a collection 
for the starving in India. The donation was 
S5.93. In the obituary some time ago of Sul- 
lens, grandson of Bro. Levi Pippinger, it should 
have been Salem church, III., instead of Salem, 
Ohio.— Jacob Hershberger, Jan, 20. 

Waddams Grove. — Our series of meetings 
is well attended. It is conducted by Bro. 
Trostle, from Pine Creek. — W, K, Moore, 
Nora, III,, Jan. 27. 

Yellow Creek. — Bro, C. C. Price came to us 
Dec. 1 to hold a series of meetings in Pearl 
City, where we have a house of our own. He 
gave ub seventeen meetings. He also gave us 
a Bible reading which was much enjoyed — 
Jacob Delp, Pearl City, Til., Jan. 20. 


Anderson. — Bro. J. J. Cross, our mute minis- 
ter from Alexandria, preached two very inter- 
esting discourses last Sunday to large congre- 
gations. Himself, wife and son have come in- 
to this congregation by letter. A mute was 
baptized here by Bro. Cross a few weeks ago. 
His young son makes quite an efficient inter- 
preter. During fall and winter five members 
have entered bv baptism and eight by letter.— 
/. S. Alldredge.Jan. 22. 

Beech Grove.— Jan. 18 Bro. Henry L. Fade- 
ly came to us and stayed over Sunday. He 
preached three very acceptable sermons. — E. 
O. Norris, R, R, No, 2, Pendleton, Ind., Jan. 

Goshen. — Eld. D. B. Gibson, of Cerrogordo, 
111., began a series of meetings in our city 
church the evening of Jan, 4 and continued un- 
til Jan. 22 with the result of four precious souls 
walking in newness of life through Christian 
baptism. The ministerial Bible institute of 
Northern District of Indiana is now in session 
in this place and will continue until Feb. 10, — 
D.R. Yoderjan.25. 

Huntington (country). — We closed our se- 
ries of meetings last evening, conducted by 
Bro. I. B. Wike, of Losantville, Ind. He came 
to us Jan. 4 and preached twenty-one sermons. 
We had a half hour for song services before 
each sermon. The members were greatly en- 
couraged. Three young girls were baptized — 
one at the age of twelve. — Rosella Shock, Jan. 

Union Center. — Our series of meetings 
closed Sunday with three accessions. Two 
have been baptized and "taken in full fellow- 
ship. Meeting was held by our elder, He is 
blind. — G. Frederick, Nappanee, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Wabash.— Eld. J. H. Wright, of North Man- 
chester, will begin a series of meetings in the 
Wabash church on Saturday evening, Feb. 8. 

Kittie Hursh, R, R. No. 2, Jan. 24. 


Aurelia. — While visiting friends and rela- 
tives in Missouri I met with the Osceola Breth- 
ren Jan. s and found them engaged in the Mas- 
ter's work. The first service was Sunday 
school, which is evergreen, with good interest. 
At the close of the school we enjoyed an ad- 
dress by Bro, Samuel Bollinger, District Sun- 
day-school Secretary, Bro. Bollinger preached 
Sunday and Monday night. A special feature 
of the services was the good singing, using the 
Brethren's new Hymn Book. — Peter Pouts, Jan. 

Des Moines Valley.— To-day S. M. Gough- 
nour, the elder in charge of this congregation, 
preached the funeral of Sister Yager, an old 
soldier of the cross, and to-morrow will fill the 
appointment at home. W. E. West, foreman of 
Mission Board of Middle Iowa, to-day attends 
the meeting of the Board at Maxwell and to- 
morrow will be with the Brethren of the Indian 
Creek church south of Maxwell. The writer 
drops these lines while waiting for the train at 
Iowa City for Lone Tree, where we will have 
meetings over Sunday. Here is a band of fif- 
teen or twenty members without a resident 
minister. The Mission Board at present is 
helping to supply them with preaching once a 
month. Bro, Jefferson Mathis is moving back 
to this congregation. We welcome him in our 
midst. He was elected to the ministry in this 
congregation and moved away several years 
ago.— /as. Q. Goughnour, Elkhart, Iowa, Jan, 

Falrview.— Jan. 19 Bro. Bucher, of Astoria, 
111., came to us and preached two instructive 
discourses. Jan. 20 Bro. S, F, Brower, of Ollie, 

Iowa, a member of our District Mission Board, 
who was selected to visit the churches of the 
District in behalf of the home mission work, 
came to Centreville, Iowa, and preached in the 
Baptist house, Jan. 21 and 22 he was with us 
at our churchhouse. — H. A. Whisler, Udell, 
Iowa, Jan, 2j, 

Libertyville. — Bro. S. M. Goughnour came 
to our place Jan, 15 and commenced meetings 
Jan, 16, and continued until Sunday evening 
with good interest. Bro. S. F, Brower, Chair- 
man of the District Mission Board, is to be 
with us Jan. 23 and 24 in the interest of the 
District mission cause. — W. N, Glot/elty, Ba- 
tavia, Iowa, Jan, 20, 

/larshalltown. — Bro. David Miller, of 
Robbins, Iowa, came to the south part of the 
Iowa River congregation and held a ten days' 
meeting, which was altogether too short. He 
used charts that made his talks and the Scrip- 
tures very plain. We were made glad to see 
one step out for Jesus. — Mary Wheeler, R, R. 
No. y, Jan. 35. 

South Ottumwa. — We met in regular coun- 
cil Jan. 25. The business was disposed of in a 
Christian spirit. Eld, J. M. Follis, our elder, 
was present and presided, staying with us over 
Sunday and preaching three sermons. We de- 
cided to use the new Hymnal, We will have 
our spring love feast April 26, to begin at 4 P, 
M.— C. E. WolJ, 2ij South Davis St., Jan. 27. 

Dunlap. — I was appointed by the church to 
hold a few meetings at Cahala, one of our out- 
side appointments. I beean the meeting Jan. 
11 and continued till Jan. 21, preaching eleven 
sermons to a house full of attentive hearers. — 
Edward Steward, Jan. 22, 

Independence church met in quarterly coun- 
cil Jan, 4. All business was disposed of in 
love, Bro. Thompson, our elder, from Fredon- 
ia, was present. We decided to ad n pt the new 
Hymn Books for our song service. Our Sun- 
day school is prospering. Sister H. H. Ritter 
s our superintendent. We use the Brethren's 
Sunday-Bchool supplies. — Rhoda M, Williams, 
Jan, 24. 

Paint Creek.— Bro. Sanger Crumpacker, of 
Brazilton, Kans,, was with us Jan, 19 and 
preached two soul-inspiring sermons. Bro. J, 
T. Kinzie, of Centropolis, Kans., was also with 
us Jan, ig. He was indeed a help to us in our 
Binging. Our Sunday school is moving along 
nicely. Our superintendent is Bro. Ed Crum- 
packer. Our school is evergreen. — Mattie 
Johnson, Redfield, Kans., Jan. 21, 

Qulnter. — We are in the midst of a very in- 
teresting series of meetings which comm"nced